Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

Canal Record (Volume 4 no.1-52) online

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1,377
















Total. .

Previously

reported.


4,408


116:89 | 4






1.977


111:25


3


3,693


6,385








262,902
















Grand
total... .


3,693


269,287















June 21, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



339



ORDINANCE



Providing for the Licensing and Regulation of
Bicycles in the Canal Zone.

Be it enacted by the Isthmian Canal Com-
mission:

Section 1. Before any bicycle shall be
ridden or operated over any of the streets or
roads of the Canal Zone, the owner or custo-
dian of such bicycle shall secure from the
Collector of Revenues a license authorizing
the use of such bicycle over said streets and
roads, and the owner or custodian shall also
secure from the Collector of Revenues a metal
tag bearing thereon, in plainly visible numer-
als not less than two inches in height, the
serial number of the license issued to cover
the use of such bicycle.

Section 2. The Collector of Revenues shall
register the name of the owner or custodian
of each bicycle licensed by him, together with
the number of the license and metal tag fur-
nished the owner or custodian, and a brief
description showing the name of the manu-
facturer and factory number of the bicycle.

Section 3. No bicycle shall be ridden or
operated over the streets or roads of the Canal
Zone unless it shall bear thereon the aforesaid
numeral metal tag prominently displayed
beneath the saddle thereof; nor shall it be so
ridden or operated between the hours of 6:30
p. m. and 6 a.m., unless it shall also carry
and prominently display a headlight. No
bicycle shall be operated unless it carries a
bell or horn whereby signals of warning shall
be given by the rider to persons and vehicles
met or overtaken on the aforesaid streets or
roads.

Section 4. It is hereby made the duty of
all persons who may rent bicycles to others
for use to keep a full record, showing the name
of each person to whom such rental is made,
the license number of the bicycle, and the
hour it returns; and it shall be the duty of
each person renting bicycles to others to
carefully preserve such record and to at all
times permit the members of the Zone police
or of the office of the Collector of Revenues
to examine such records.

Section 5. The bicycle license herein pro-
vided for shall be issued to cover the unex-
pired portion of the fiscal year in which it is
issued, and the party receiving same shall
pay to the Collector of Revenues the sum of
one dollar (SI) for the license and numeral
metal tag, which shall entitle the bicycle
so licensed to be ridden over any of the streets
of the Canal Zone during the license period.

Section 6. No bicycle shall be ridden over
the streets or roads of the Canal Zone at a
greater speed than seven (7) miles an hour
in cities, towns, or villages, nor at a greater
rate of speed outside of cities, towns, or
villages than fifteen (15) miles an hour on
straight roads, or eight (8) miles an hour
when approaching curves, forks, or crossroads.

Section 7. The Collector of Revenues shall
promptly furnish to the Chief of Police state-
ments showing to whom he has issued the
bicycle licenses herein provided for, and the
Chief of Police shall, in turn, transmit to the
Canal Zone police stations the information
shown by such statements.

Section 8. Any person who rides a bicycle
over any road or street of the Canal Zone,
without there being displayed thereon the
license numeral tag herein required, or who
fails to comply with the requirements of this
Ordinance as to lights and signals, or any



owner or custodian who shall rent or loan to
another any bicycle for the. use of which
the license herein required has not been
secured, or any other person who shall fail to
comply with any requirement herein imposed
on him, shall be deemed guilty of a misde-
meanor, and upon conviction, shall be fined
not exceeding twenty-five dollars ($25) for
each offense.

Enacted by the Isthmian Canal Commis-
sion at its 160th meeting, April 15, 1911.

Approved by the Secretary of War, April
26, 1911.



Observance of Coronation Day.

The West Indian negroes employed on the
Canal and^railroad, who are British subjects,
will celebrate the coronation of King George
the Fifth and Queen Mary on June 22, by a
general holiday. The Commission has granted
a day's leave without pay, to all British
subjects.

There will be services in Christ Church,
Colon, and in St. James' Church, Empire, at
7:30 a. m., the hour which will correspond
with the time of the coronation service in
Westminster Abbey. An official service will
be held in Christ Church at 9:30 a. m.,
following which there will be a procession of
the members of the congregation, headed by
the school children and the "lads' brigade,"
with fife and drum corps. The parade will
proceed to the British consulate, where the
children will sing the national anthem, and
the special coronation hymn written and com-
posed by C. D. Nurse and B. Clinton Davis,
the latter the organist of Christ Church. The
governor of Colon has granted the use of the
playground for the children of the parish
school, where a treat will be served. The
municipal band will play. In the evening,
there will be a parade of the different socie-
ties, followed by a display of fireworks. At
New Gatun, there will be a street parade and
athletic sports in the afternoon.

The West Indians from the other villages
in the Canal Zone will unite with those of the
city of Panama in a street parade. They will
proceed to the British legation, thence to the
National theatre, where there will be addresses.
A song service will be held in the Wesleyan
Methodist Church, Panama, on che evening
of June 22. and the coronation service will be
held on Sunday morning, June 25.

The British subjects in the Canal Zone and
on the Isthmus have subscribed a fund of
S3. 500 for a coronation memorial. A cable
message will be sent to the King and Queen,
and, as a souvenir of the day, each subscriber
will receive a King George button and a lith-
ograph copy of the cable message.



The Fourth of July at Cristobal.

The water sports will form one of the most
interesting features of the celebration of July
4 to be held at Cristobal. They will begin
at 2 o'clock in the afternoon and be over about
4.30; and at night there will be the illumi-
nated boat parade in the harbor. The after-
noon events will include a sail boat race,
aquatic boxing contest, Navy steam cutter
race, swimming contest, three races for life-
boats, two races for gasoline boats, a race
for native canoes, American canoes, dory's,
and life rafts, relay swimming contest, fancy
diving contest, swimming race for boys,
human duck hunt, tub race, climbing a
greased spar. All the events are open and
free, and entries should be made to the chair-



man of the aquatic committee, dock No. 13.
Cristobal, on or before June 30.

Details of the decorations have been com-
pleted. The center of the exercises will be
the Court of Honor, built near the Subsistence
Department office on Roosevelt avenue. In
it will be erected stands for the speakers, the
children, and the bands. Nearby there will
be stands for the sale of light refreshments,
and for the playing of county fair games. A
light lunch will be served on dock No. 11 free,
from 11 to 2 o'clock.

Captain Horton W. Stickle, under whose
direction the plans have advanced so far, has
resigned as chairman of the committee, and
Mr. W. G. Comber has been named in his
stead.

Gatun Dam Spillway.

The concrete work in the spillway of Gatun
Dam is over 62 per cent completed, 140,643
cubic yards, out of a total of 225,000, having
been placed at the close of work on June 17.
A statement of the'amount laid each working
day last week, and of the total in place,
follows :



Date.


Concrete
Laid.


Hours
worked.


No.

Mixers.




128
136
260
148
192
134


4:00
6:00
8:00
6:30
6:00
5:00




















June 17


1






Total


998
139.645


35:30


1 16














140,643





Red Cross Announcement.

The Red Cross has an organization in each
district, with chairmen, as follows: Dr. A. J.
Orenstein, Ancon; Alexander P. Crary,
Corozal; J. T. Smith, Pedro Miguel; Edw.
Schildhauer, Culebra; T. L. Clear, Empire;
J. B. Fields, Las Cascadas; W. B. Wheeler,
Bas Obispo; B. M. Litt, Gorgona; Dr. Geo.
H. Gorham, Tabernilla; Major Chester Hard-
ing, Gatun; Wm. F. Benny hoff, Cristobal.

The organization is prepared to take up
the relief of any case recommended by the
local chairman within 24 hours, or earlier,
if practicable, after receipt of notice.

A monthly notice of the expenditures of
this organization, showing individual cases of
relief, is published in The Canal Record
for the information of all concerned.
C. A. Devol,
Chairman, Canal Zone Chapter,
American National Red Cross.

Culebra, C. Z., June 14, 1911.



United Fruit Company's Transatlantic Service.

The United Fruit Company has discon-
tinued its coastwise service between Colon
and New Orleans, maintained by the steam-
ships Heredia, Parismina, and Cartago, and,
beginning June 29, will place them in service
between Colon and Southampton, England.
The first steamer to leave Colon on the new
schedule will be the Heredia, its departure
being set for Thursday, June 29. It will
leave Limon on July 1, and arrive at Port
Morant, Jamaica, on July 3, sailing from there
direct for Southampton, where it is due to
arrive about July 17. The Parismina will
leave Colon on July 13, and the Cartago on
July 27, the sailings being fortnightly. Pass-
engers from Colon for Puerto Barrios,
Guatemala, will be transferred at Limon.



340



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 43.



CANAL WORK IN MAY.



Monthly Report of the Acting Chairman and
Chief Engineer to the Secretary of War.

Culebra, C. Z., June 15, 191 1.

The Honorable the Secretary of War,

Washington, D. C.

Sir: 1 have the honor to submit the fol-
lowing report of operations on the Isthmus
for the month of May, 1911:
Department of Construction and Engineering.

The following table summarizes the prin-
cipal items of construction work accomplished
by the Atlantic, Central, and Pacific Divisions
during the month:



and all portable mixers, were kept in satis-
factory operation during the month.

Power Plant and Pumps — The operation of
the power plant and pumps was satisfactory.

Iron and Steel Work — During the month.
333.4 tons of fixed steel, 83.6 tons of rail
reinforcement, and 13,617 feet of reinforcing
rods were placed.

Concrete Work — There was an increase of
483 cubic yards in the amount of concrete
laid, as compared with the figures for the
preceding month. The daily average for the
26 working days was 2,609 cubic yards, as
compared with a daily average during April
of 2,806 cubic yards. The total amount of



Work excavation, dry.
Work excavation, wet.



Total work excavation.



Plant excavation, dry. .
Plant excavation, wet..



Total plant excavation..
Total Canal excavation.



Material placed in darns

Concrete placed in locks and dams.



Explosives used

Rock drilled

Tracks removed

New tracks laid

Rock crushed

Cement used

New roads built

Water mains laid

Sewers laid

Open drains and ditches dug.

Average daily force

Average rainfall



Cubic 3-ards..
Cubic yards..



Cubic yards..



Cubic yards-
Cubic yards..



Cubic yards..
Cubic yards..
Cubic yards..
Cubic yards-



Tons (Gross).

Feet

Miles

Miles

Cubic yards...

Barrels

Miles

Feet

Feet

Feet



Inches .



Atlantic. Central.



S2.159
514,178



596.337



627,099

71.500

.44
67.271



1.82

58,383
65.790
0.41

6.384

853

15,375

7,433

18.51



1,303.979
24,904



1.328.883



231.63
428,276

12.91

18.30

101

769



2.749
2.273



7.S36



Pacific.



97.325
54S.047



645.372



4S.3S5



68.687



58,893
56,935



6,123
4,437



1.483,463
1,087.129



2.570,592



126,789



12.91
26.10



117.377
123,494

10.0S9
3,126
21,498
19,706



Atlantic Division.

GATUN LOCKS.

Shovel excavation in the lower lock, south
of the caisson sill, was completed. Consider-
able difficulty was experienced, due to slides,
on both the east and west sides of the lower
lock. Clay excavation for obtaining imper-
vious material for back fill was continued. A
total of 26,411 cubic yards of material was
removed. Of this amount, 11,726 cubic yards
were excavated outside the prism for back fill.
On May 31 the total excavation amounted
to 5,856,479 cubic yards, of which 5,024,609
cubic yards were removed from the prism.
The shovel excavation in the locks was 99.5
per cent completed, and the excavation of
the culvert trenches by crane 85 per cent
completed. The channeling work for lateral
culverts was completed during the month.

Backfill — Back filling behind the walls of the
upper and middle locks was continued, and
back filling in the center wall of the upper lock
commenced. The quantity placed during
May aggregated 66,108 cubic yards, in-
creasing the total to 490,563 cubic yards. A
new estimate was prepared during the month
of the total amount of back fill necessary,
including the amount required in the center
wall and in the extension of the side walls to
the north. On the basis of the new estimate,
the back filling was 30.33 percent completed.
On May 15 one of the duplex cableways used
in placing concrete was permanently detached
from that service, and will be utilized in
future in placing back fill in the center wall;
and for miscellaneous steel work; and for
finishing work.

Receiving and Issuing Material — The re-
ceipts of all material during the month were
satisfactory, and exceeded the consumption.

Mixing and Placing Plants — Both plants,



concrete placed during the month was 67,844
cubic yards, including 5,406| cubic yards of
large stone. The bucket measurement ex-
ceeded the place measurement by 215 cubic
yards. Of the total concrete, 5,629§ cubic
yards were placed in the upper lock, 15,536
cubic yards in the middle lock, and 46,67Si
cubic yards in the lower lock. The concrete
work for the entire lock system was 65.7
per cent completed at the end of May.

OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS, GATUN LOCKS.





Permanent


Auxiliary




Plant.


Plant.


Length of working day (hours). .


11.56


8.50


Average number of hours per






day worked per strand of






cableway laying concrete and






large stone (actual working






time)


6.50





Average number of mixers per
day

Average hourly output per mixer,
(actual working time) cu. yds.

Average amount of concrete and
large stone laid per hour, per
strand of cableway. (actual
working time) cu. yds

Large stone laid, cu. yds

Concrete laid, cableways, cu. yds.

Concrete laid, through chute in-
to dump cars, cu. yds i

Concrete laid, derricks, cu. yds. . j 3.644

Concrete laid, dump cars. cu.yds. ] 10,822

Concrete laid, portable mixers.. I 1.559J



5.50
58.43



31.39
2.969!
41.749

4,878



2.00
66.63



2,437



Total amount concrete and
large stone laid, cu. yds. . . .



49,5963, 18,462i



Concrete from the auxiliary plant was placed by live
derricks, and with dump cars.

GATUN DAM.

Construction during the month increased

the total fill, as determined by cross sections

of the material in place, by 627,099 cubic

yards, making the total amount in place

14,074,812 cubic yards.

Hydraulic Fill — The dredges increased the

hydraulic fill by 419,348 cubic yards. The



total hydraulic fill in place May 31 was
7,421,766 cubic yards.

Dry Fill — The material received from the
Central Division, the Locks, Mindi, and steam
shovels Nos. 51 and 134, amounting to
207,751 cubic yards, was placed on the north
and south toes of the Dam, east and west of
the Spillway, making the total dry fill in
place 6,653,046 cubic yards.

GATUN SPILLWAY.

Excavation — In preparing foundations of
the spillway dam, 2,051 cubic yards of rock
were excavated, of which 251 cubic yards
were excavated by steam shovel No. 51, and
1,800 cubic yards by hand. On May 31 the
total spillway excavation amounted to
1,582,845 cubic yards.

Concrete — The work of placing concrete
behind the east coffer-dam was continued.
The amount of concrete placed during the
month aggregated 3,656 cubic yards, which
increased the total to 138,916 cubic yards.
The concrete work for the Spillway was 61.74
per cent completed.

HARBOR AND CHANNEL SECTION.

Excavation Below Sea Level at Mindi —
During the month, three steam shovels re-
moved 16,210 cubic yards of earth and 42,772
cubic yards of rock from the Canal prism. In
addition, 5,500 cubic yards of earth were
sluiced by pumping plant.

Dredging from the Ocean to Mindi — Five
dredges removed 471,653 cubic yards of earth
and 42,520 cubic yards of rock from the Canal
prism. In addition, the dredge Mindi removed
800 cubic yards of earth at the cement dock
in Gatun. On May 31st, 40 feet of water
could be carried from zero to zero plus
2,600 feet; 35 feet to mile 3 plus 900 feet; 30
feet to mile 4 plus 700 feet; 20 feet to mile
5 plus 2,438.9 feet, at the junction with the
French canal.

PORTO BELLO.
PERFORMANCE OF ROCE CRUSHER PLANT.

Length of working days — hours

From 1st to 31st, inclusive 8.00

Average number of hours worked per day . . 5.65
Average number of cubic yards per hour of

working day 281.20

Average number of cubic yards per working

hour 397.60

Maximum day's output, (7 hours 10 minutes)

cu. yds 3,404.00

Average day's output (26 days) cu. yds. . . . 2,249.00

Average hourly output. (208 hours) cu. yds. 281.20

Total output for the month, cu. yds 58,383.00

SAND, STONE, AND CEMENT SERVICE.

In connection with this service, plant
steamed 8,452 miles, handled 811 barges, and
carried 2,509 passengers.

TORO POINT.

Colon Breakwater — Thirty-eight thousand
five hundred and thirty-four cubic yards of
material were excavated, of which amount
1,375 cubic yards were placed in track fill,
and 37,159 cubic yards in breakwater fill.
The double track trestle was extended 558.5
linear feet. On May 31 the trestle extended
4,772.5 feet from shore. The total amount of
rock dredged and dumped on the west break-
water to May 1, 1911, was 556,189 cubic
yards. During the month, 42,520 cubic yards
were dredged and dumped, increasing the to-
tal to 598,709 cubic yards. The amount of dry
fill placed to June 1 was 308,560 cubic yards.

NOMBRE DE DIOS.

During the month, 78 barges, containing
38,653 cubic yards of sand, were shipped to
Gatun.

MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.

The reservoirs, water mains, sewers, roads,
and oil pipe lines were maintained and ex-
tended as required to facilitate construction



June 21, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



341



work. Work was continued on the Colon
municipal improvements.

Central Division.

During the month of May, the total amount
of material excavated in the Central Division
was 1,328,883 cubic yards, of which 165,897
cubic yards were classified as earth, and
1,162,986 cubic yards as rock. Of this quan-
tity 1,298,240 cubic yards were removed by
steam shovels, 360 cubic yards by bucket
cranes, and 1,863 cubic yards by hand. Con-
tractors removed 24,904 cubic yards by sluic-
ing and 3,516 cubic yards by hand. Of the
total, 1,328,383 cubic yards consisted of pri-
mary excavation for the Canal prism, and 500
cubic yards for permanent diversion useful
after the Canal is completed. The total work
excavation amounted to 1,328.883 cubic yards.

The daily average number of steam shovels
at work during the month was 38.62, and the
total number of shovel days was 1,004, as
compared with 44.71 shovels at work during
the month of April, with 1,073 shovel days.

For comparison with the work done by-
steam shovels during the corresponding
month of the previous year, the following
table has been prepared:



Period.


Excava-
ted by
shovels.


Classification of
material.


en

•<5ofc-


r. 1

z -3 o ■

2 ""•§




Rock.


Earth.


i 5 Q


1910:
May... .

1911:
May


Cu. Yds.
1.331,758

1,298,240


Cu. Yds.
954.325

1,149,886


Cu. Yds.

377,433

148.354


44.80 2
38.62 2


C. Y.

3 1,189.10

6 1,293 08



Rainfall at Empire: 1910. lt.OS ins.: 1911. 13.74 ins.

The above table shows the average output
per shovel to be 8.74 per cent greater in
May, 1911, than in the corresponding month
of the previous year.

The total amount of material excavated
from the prism in the Culebra section of the
Central Division in May, 1911—1,298,600
cubic yards — was the highest record in that
section for the month of May, the previous
high record for the month having been in
May, 1909, when 1,126,963 cubic yards were
removed.

The total estimated amount of material
to be removed in the Central Division was
97,125,018 cubic yards, and up to June 1,
1911, 75,904,931 cubic yards had been re-
moved, leaving 21,220,087 cubic yards to be
removed in order to complete all excavation
in the Central Division. From these figures
it will be seen that 78. 1 5 per cent of all excava-
tion in the Central Division had been com-
pleted up to the close of the month of May,
and 21.85 per cent remained uncompleted.

Considering the two sections which com-
pose the Central Division, the excavation
completed, and that to be completed, at the
close of May operations were, as follows:

CULEBRA SECTION. Cu. Yds.

Completed 64.113,849

To be completed 20,072,875

CHAGRES SECTION.

Completed 11,791,082

To be completed 1,147.212

l-'rom the above figures it will be seen that
the Culebra section, locally known as the
Culebra Cut, was 76.16 percent completed,
with 23.84 per cent to be completed; the
Chagres section was 91.13 per cent com-
pleted, with 8.87 per cent to be completed.

During the month, 2,100 cubic yards of
material were hauled from the Canal prism
and dumped in the embankment for the
roadbed of the relocated Panama railroad at
Frijoles. The total amount of spoil from the



Central Division used for this purpose at the
close of the month was 3.830,137 cubic yards.
The Central Division also delivered at Gatun
209,594 cubic yards of rock and earth for
use in the construction of the Dam, making
the total for this purpose at the end of May,
3,565,461 cubic yards. In addition, 350 cubic
yards of rock and earth were transported
from Culebra Cut to Colon to be used by the
Panama railroad in building the new sea wall.
The daily average number of laborers at
work on the whole division during the month
was 7,041, and the daily average number of
gold employes 795.

Pacific Division.
DISTRICT NO. 1 — LOCKS AND DAMS.

Excavation — The total excavation during
the month amounted to 97,325 cubic yards.

Filling and Embankment — During May, no
additional dry filling was added to the prism
of the west dam at Pedro Miguel, the total
amount of material in place at the close of
the month remaining at 260,852 cubic yards,
as previously reported. The back fill at Pedro
Miguel was increased by 14,420 cubic yards,
the total in place at the end of the month
amounting to 264,454 cubic yards.

At Miraflores, 30,032 cubic yards were
added to the dry fill in the toes, and 18,353
cubic yards to the hydraulic fill in the core
of the west dam, making the totals at the
end of the month 788,184 cubic yards and
528,874 cubic yards, respectively. The back
fill was increased by 16,021 cubic yards, the
total aggregating 158,446 cubic yards at the
end of the month.

PEDRO MIGUEL LOCKS.
OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS AT PEDRO MIGUEL.

Permanent Auxiliary
Plant. Plant.



Length of working day (hours).. .

Average number of hours per day,
worked laying concrete and
large stone (actual working
time)

Average number of mixers per
day

Average hourly output per mixer
(actual working time)

Average amount of concrete and
large stone laid per hour, per
chamber crane (actual working
time)



8.00



7.68



Large stone laid .
Concrete laid. . .



*2.00

Cu. Yds.

*40.46



57.00



T2.77

Cu. Yds.

20.49



11,388.00



2.00
7,745.00



Total concrete laid 11,388.00 I 7,747.00

*1 berm crane from 1st to 19th. inclusive. Dis-
mantling began on 20th.

fAuxiliary plant consisted of 1.12 half-yard mixers
per day and 1.65 two-cubic yard mixers per day. and
locomotive cranes and derricks placing; 1 half-yard
mixer discharging directly into forms.

The back filling of the east and west walls