Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

Canal Record (Volume 4 no.1-52) online

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Average hourly output, (169 hours 51 min-
utes) cu. yds 255.20

Total output for the month, cu. yds 43,352.00

SAND, STONE, AND CEMENT SERVICE.

In connection with this service, plant
steamed 6,265 miles, handled 545 barges, and
carried 2,425 passengers.

WEST BREAKWATER, COLON.

Fifty-two thousand and five cubic yards
of material were excavated, of which amount
50,201 cubic yards were placed in the break-
water, and 1,804 cubic yards in track fill.
The double track trestle was extended 607



linear feet. On July 31, the trestle extended
5,972 feet from shore. The total amount of
rock dredged and dumped on the west break-
water to July 1, was 619,152 cubic yards.
During the month, 24,725 cubic yards were
dredged and dumped, increasing the total to
643,877 cubic yards. The amount of dry fill
placed to August 1 was 406,069 cubic yards.

NOMBRE DE DIOS.

During the month, 50 barges containing
24,513 cubic yards of sand, were shipped to
Gatun.

MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.

The reservoirs, water mains, sewers, roads,
and oil pipe lines were maintained and ex-
tended, as required, to facilitate construction
work. Work was continued on the Colon
municipal improvements.

Central Division.

During the month of July, the total amount
of material excavated in the Central Division
was 1,360,117 cubic yards, of which 158,901
cubic yards were classified as earth, and
1,201,216 cubic yards as rock. Of this quan-
tity, 1,337,833 cubic yards were removed by
steam shovels, and contractors removed
16.92S cubic yards by sluicing and 5,356 cubic
yards by hand. The total — 1,360,117 cubic
yards — consisted of primary excavation for
the Canal prism.

The daily average number of steam shovels
at work during the month was 40.70, and the
total number of shovel days was 1,017|, as
compared with 40.92 shovels at work during
the month of June, with 1,064 shovel days.

For comparison with the work done by
steam shovels during the corresponding
month of the previous year, the following
table has been prepared:



Period.


Excava-
ted by
shovels.


Classification of
material.


<n

6 V *

Zgc


*, v. >
; Bo ■
^ teJa *




Rock.


Earth.




1910:
July . . .

1911:
July....


Cu. Yds.
1.318 S73

1.337 S33


Cu. Yds.
1.027,669

1,194.420


Cu. Yds.
291,204

143.413


42.84 2
40.70


C. Y.

5 1,231.40

5 1,314.82



Rainfall at Empire: 1910. 12.60 ins.: 1911. 4 00 ins.

The above table shows the average output
per shovel to be 6.77 per cent greater in
July, 1911, than in the corresponding month
of the previous year.

The total amount of material excavated
from the prism in the Culebra section of the
Central Division in July, 1911—1,337,833
cubic yards — was the highest record in that
section for the month of July, the previous
high record for the month having been in
July, 1909, when 1,200,828 cubic yards were
removed.

The total estimated amount of material to
be removed in the Central Division, according
to the revised estimate of July 1, 1911, was
101,801,296 cubic yards, and up to August 1,
1911, 78 69S.352 cubic yards had been re-
moved, leaving 23,102,944 cubic yards to be
removed in order to complete all excavation
in the Central Division. From these figures, it
will be seen that 77.31 per cent of all exca-
vation in the Central Division had been
completed up to the close of the month of
July, and 22.69 per cent remained uncom-
pleted.

Considering the two sections which compose
the Central Division, the excavation com-
pleted, and that to be completed, at the close
of July operations, was, as follows:

CULEBRA SECTION. Cu. Yds.

Completed 66.852.698

To be completed 22.591,307



CHACRES SECTION. Cu. Yds.

Completed 11,845,654

To be completed 5 1 1 ,637

From the above figures, it will be seen that
the Culebra section, locally known as the
"Culebra Cut," was 74.74 per cent completed,
with 25.26 per cent to be completed; the
Chagres section was 95.86 per cent com-
pleted, with 4.14 per cent to be completed.

During the month, 53,466 cubic yards of
material were hauled from the Canal prism
and dumped in the embankment for the road-
bed of the relocated Panama railroad. The
total amount of spoil from the Central Divi-
sion used for this purpose, at the close of
the month, was 3,883,603 cubic yards. The
Central Division also delivered at Gatun
203,718 cubic yards of rock and earth for use
in the construction of the Dam, making the
total for this purpose at the end of July,
3.992,836 cubic yards.

The daily average number of laborers at
work in the whole division during the month
was 6,784, and the daily average number of
gold employes, 783.

Pacific Division.
DISTRICT NO. 1 — LOCKS AND DAMS.

Excavation — The total excavation during
the month amounted to 147,956 cubic yards.

Filling and Embankment — During July,
14,865 cubic yards of dry filling were added
to the prism of the west dam at Pedro Miguel,
increasing the total amount of material in
place at the close of the month to 275,717
cubic yards. The back fill at Pedro Miguel
was increased by 14,705 cubic yards, the total
in place at the end of the month amounting
to 298,030 cubic yards.

At Miraflores, 54,415 cubic yards were
added to the dry fill in the toes, and 24,957
cubic yards to the hydraulic fill in the core
of the west dam, making the totals at the
end of the month, 870,914 cubic yards, and
607,689 cubic yards, respectively. The back
fill was increased by 340 cubic yards, the
total aggregating 174 941 cubic yards at the
end of the month.

OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS AT PEDRO MICUEL.





Permanent
Plant.


Auxiliary
Plant.


Length of working day (hours). .

Average number of hours per
day, worked laying concrete
and large stone (actual work-


8.00
5.32


8.00
5 26


Average number of mixers per


5 12


Average hourly, output per


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.
27 99


Average amount of concrete and
large stone laid per hour, per
chamber crane (actual working


53.62










4.00
7,126.00


35 00




12 741.CO






Total concrete laid


7.130.00


12,776X0



Permanent plant consisted of two chamber cranes,
placing.

Auxiliary plant consisted of three 2-cubic yard, and
three |-cubic yard mixers; auxiliary placing plant
consisted of J-cubic yard mixers, dumping directly
into forms, averaging 2.08 units per day. and loco-
motive cranes and derricks, averaging 2.84 units per
day.

Pedro Miguel Locks — The general back
filling behind the east and west walls was
continued, as was also the filling in of the
middle wall with crushed stone and sand.
During the month, the amount of iron placed
aggregated 153,362 pounds.

Concrete Work — The total amount of con-
crete and large stone laid at Pedro Miguel
was 19,906 cubic yards, as compared with
18,243 cubic yards during June. The concrete



414



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 52.



was placed, as follows: Four thousand two
hundred and fifty-eight cubic yards in the
east wall; 7,302 cubic yards in the center
wall; 5,445 cubic yards in the west wall;
1,232 cubic yards in the floors, and 1,669
cubic yards in the southwest wing wall.

Miraflores Locks — The McClintic-Marshall
Construction Company completed the erec-
tion of chamber crane No. 4. The company
also dismantled berm crane "E" at Pedro
Miguel, and commenced the reerection of
same on the east side of Miraflores Locks.
Chamber crane No. 2 began laying concrete
in the middle wall on July 13, the concrete
being supplied by the two 2-cubic yard mixers
which constitute the auxiliary mixing plant
located in the east wall. Dry excavation in
the lower lock was continued, and one steam
shovel was engaged in excavating for the
middle wall, north of the upper head wall.
Filling was continued in the east and west
toes of the west dam. During the month,
the amount of iron placed aggregated
167,026 pounds.

Concrete Work — The total amount of con-
crete and large stone laid was 32,840 cubic
yards, as compared with 26,536 cubic yards
during June. The concrete was placed, as
follows: Seven thousand three hundred and
twelve cubic yards in the east wall; 6,700
cubic yards in the center wall; 17,729 cubic
yards in the west wall, and 1,099 cubic yards
in the floors.



OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS AT MIRAFLORES.




Permanent
Plant.


Auxiliary
Plant.


Length of working day (hours). .

Average number of hours per
day worked laying concrete
and large stone (actual work-


8.00

6.46

4.20
Cu. Yds.

53.50
59.20


8.00
6.40


Average number of mixers per


3.88


Average hourly output per mixer

Average amount of concrete and
large stone laid per hour, per
berm, or chamber crane (actu-


Cu. Yds.
23.59














27,003.00


6,366.00






Total concrete laid


27.003.00


6,366.00



Auxiliary mixing plant consisted of 2-cubic yard
mixers, averaging 0.64 units per day, and J-cubic
yard mixers, averaging 2.6 units per day. Auxiliary
placing plant consisted of i-cubic yard mixers, dis-
charging directly into forms, averaging 2.6 units per
day, and cranes and derricks, averaging 0.32 units
per day.

DISTRICT NO. 2 — DREDGING.

The following is a statement of the output
of the five dredges which were in operation
during the month, and of the amount of
material excavated hydraulically:



and oil pipe lines were maintained and
extended, as required, to facilitate construc-
tion work.



DISTRICT NO. 4 — ANCON QUARRY.
PERFORMANCE OF ROCK CRUSHER PLANT.



Hours.
8.00



6.72
306.81



365.45



Length of working day (hours)

Average number of hours per day (actual

working time)

Average number of cubic yards crushed per

hour of working day

Average number of cubic yards crushed per

working hour

Total output for the month 61,362.66

Relocation of Panama Railroad.

During the month, 357,135 cubic yards of
material were excavated, increasing the total
excavation at the close of the month to
7,853,942 cubic yards, and 379,050 cubic yards
of material were placed in embankment,
increasing the total for this purpose to 13,575,-
436 cubic yards.

The daily average number of steam shovels
at work was 8.72, and the total number of
working days was 25.

For comparison with the work done by
steam shovels during the preceding month,
and during the corresponding month of the
previous year, the following table has been
prepared :



Period.


Excava-
ted by
shovels.


Classification of
material.


Zoo
> W ^


[A

"0

U

25

26
25


•Hi*




Rock.


Earth.


'- %


1910:
July...

1911:
June . . .
July....


Cu. Yds.

197,069

370 440
338,760


Cu. Yds.

69,365

254.910
251,930


Cu. Yds.

127,704

115,530
S6.83C


7.44

9.71
8.72


C.Y.

1,059

1,467
1,554



During the month, 901 feet of temporary
trestle were driven, and work on bridges and
culverts was continued. One thousand five
hundred and ninety-eight linear feet of
70- pound track were relaid by 90-pound track,
the total of 70-pound and 90-pound track at
the end of the month being 134,698 linear
feet, and 42,043 linear feet, respectively. The
force averaged 2,125 men, in addition to
those employed by contractors.

Quartermaster's Department.
LABOR.

Arrangements were made by the recruiting
agent of the Commission in Barbados to
recruit men from the small islands adjacent
to Barbados. Two shipments of 50 and 146
men, respectively, were received during the
month, and were assigned to the Panama
railroad relocation. From latest advices
received, it is probable that the full quota
of one thousand men asked for, can be
obtained.

QUARTERS.

There was a further decrease in the number





Type.


Work.


Plant.


Total.






Earth.


Rock.


Earth.


Rock.


Remarks.




Dipper

Ladder

Ladder

Ladder.. . .
Suction —


Cu. Yds.

SO ,000
69,886
89,769
16.025
189,565

445,245
•69,772


Cu. yds.


Cu. Yds.

3,547
54.307


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.

S3, 547
124. 1*3
89,769
21.700
213,448


Place measurement
Place measurement
tlace measurement














5.675








23.SS3




Scow measurement






Total


5.675


81,737




532 657
69.772





















Grand Total


515,017


5,675 | 81 737














'Excavated from Canal


prism, sout


h of Miraf


lores lock


site.









Chami Sand £.Yccua/!OW^Approximately
32,300 cubic yards of sand were excavated .
at Punta Cham£,'and delivered at Balboa.

DISTRICT NO. 3 — MUNICIPAL AND SANITARY
ENGINEERING.

The reservoirs, water mains, sewers, roads,



of applications for family quarters, there
being 596 applications on the No. 2 list, as
compared with 623 for the preceding month.
Two additional type-5 houses at Gorgona
were converted into use as nonhousekeeping
quarters.



MATERIAL AND SUPPLIES.

Inventories were taken in all the store-
houses of the Quartermaster's Department at
the close of the fiscal year 1911. The sum
total of the stock on hand was $4,503,643.60,
being a decrease of $187,390.50 from the stock
on hand at the close of the fiscal year 1910.
As, during the fiscal year 1911, nearly
$1,000,000 worth of material was taken over
from outside departments and the Panama
railroad, the total reduction in stock amounted
to about $1,200,000.

Supplies during the month were delivered
by 30 steamers, the total weight of cargo
aggregating 28,065 tons, exclusive of 774,115
feet, board measure, Douglas fir lumber;
135,384 feet, board measure, yellow pine
lumber; 111,016 feet, board measure, white
oak lumber, and 44,000 cross-ties. The total
value of material received during the month
was $445,306.12.

Subsistence Department.

The operation of the European laborers'
messes, the colored laborers' kitchens, and
the line hotels showed a net profit of $2,918.16.
The operation of the Hotel Tivoli showed a
net profit of $2,920.57, and there was a net
profit on restaurants, penitentiary, tugs, and
dredges, of $132.11. The net profit on sub-
sistence operations was $5,970.84.

Department of Civil Administration.
COURTS.

During the month 11 civil and 34 criminal
cases we're disposed of in the Circuit Courts;
and 72 civil and 545 criminal cases in the
District Courts.

DIVISION OF POSTS, CUSTOMS, AND REVENUES.

Money order sales for July amounted to
$407,397.91, and the fees to $1,811.02.
Receipts from stamp and card sales, and
newspaper postage aggregated $6,010.99.
The total collection of revenues made by the
division was $17,205.26, and the collection
on account of court fines, costs and fees,
$2,439.45.

Twenty-nine vessels entered at, and 31
vessels cleared, from the port of Ancon; and
18 vessels entered at, and 21 vessels cleared,
from the port of Cristobal.

DIVISION OF POLICE AND PRISONS.

The total number of persons arrested was
561, of whom 494 were men and 67 women.
Forty-two nationalities were represented.
The total number of arrests for the month
was an increase of 89, as compared with June.
Nine convicts were committed to the peniten-
tiary, and 13 were discharged, leaving 144
in confinement at the close of the month.
The cost of guarding and subsisting the
convicts was $3,011.72, and the value of
their work on Canal Zone roads $2 703.90

DIVISION OF FIRE PROTECTION.

Thirteen fires were reported in the Canal
Zone during the month, as compared with
seven in June. The damage to Commission
property was $18.50.

DIVISION OF PUBLIC WORKS.

In the city of Panama, the average daily
consumption of water was 1,456,113 gallons,
and in Colon 921,804 gallons.

The usual inspection and maintenance
work of this division was performed during
the month.

Department of Sanitation.

The total number of deaths from all causes
among employes was 56. These were divided,
as follows: From disease, 41, and from vio-



August 23, 1911.



THE CANAL RECORD



415



lence, 15, giving the annual average per
thousand of 10.29 and 3.77, respectively.

The annual average death rate per thousand
among employes for the month of July in
previous years since American occupation
was, as follows:

1904 6.24

1905 31.54

1906 64.71

1907 35.09

1908 14.68

1909 8.10

1910 11.80

The annual average death rate per thousand
in the cities of Panama, Colon, and the Canal
Zone, including both employes and nonem-
ployes, was 26.53.

The annual average death rate per thousand
for the month of July among the same class
of population for previous years was, as
follows:

1905 58.14

1906 67.72

1907 41.46

1908 29.11

1909 18.29

1910 22.48

Segregating the whites from the blacks, the
annual average death rate per thousand from
disease among employes was: For whites,
10.37; blacks, 10.27, giving a general average
of 10.29. For the same month during 1909,
the annual average death rate per thousand
from disease was: Whites, 4.13; blacks, 6.65,
giving a general average of 6.01; and for the
same month during 1910: Whites, 9.51;
blacks, 9.16, giving a general average of 9.25.

Among employes during the month, deaths
from the principal diseases were, as follows:
Nephritis, acute and chronic. 5; lobar pneu-
monia, 10; haemoglobinuric fever, 1; malaria
fever, E. A., 8; tuberculosis, 4; typhoid fever,
2, leaving a balance of 1 1 deaths from all other
diseases, and 15 deaths from external violence.

Thirty-nine cases of diptheria were reported
during the month, 20 from the Canal Zone, 15
from Panama, and 4 from Colon, with four
deaths. Generally speaking, the type of the
disease continued mild.

One case of bubonic plague was taken
from the S. S. Guatemala of the Pacific Steam
Navigation Company, at the Quarantine
station, Culebra Island, on July 24, and the
patient is recovering. This person had lived
on shore at Callao four days prior to his
embarkation, and probably contracted the
infection during that time, as he was taken
sick two days later.

No cases of yellow fever, smallpox, or
plague originated on the Isthmus during the
month.

Respectfully,
Geo. W. Goethals, Chairman.

Paraiso Pythians.

Paradise Lodge, No. 4, Knights of Pythias,
Paraiso, held a "social evening" for members
and their families on Thursday. August 17.
The newly organized company of the Uni-
formed Rank has its drill on Friday evenings
at the lodge hall. The uniforms and equip-
ment of the company have been received,
and the organization has the use of an empty
building belonging to the Commission for its
armor)-.

Pilots, Masters, Mates, and Engineers.

A meeting of the Board of Local Inspectors
will be held on Wednesday, August 30, at
8 a. m., at the Administration Building,
Ancon, at which time applicants for licenses
as pilots, masters, mates, or engineers, who
have submitted applications on the pre-
scribed form, may appear for examination.



COM MISSION CLUBHOUSES.



Activities of the Young Men's Christian Associ-
ation.

COROZAL.

On Wednesday. August 16, a "smoker" for men was
held in the gymnasium. The program consisted of
motion pictures, card tricks by Julius Kersuben of
Balboa, and wrestling bouts between Burrell of Cristo-
bal and Meyer of Corozal, Poison and McSparran of
Cristobal, and Burrell and Poison of Cristobal. The
attendance was about 100.

CULEBRA.

The following high scores were rolled during the
week in duckpins: Huttlemaier, 101; Palmer, 103. 105;
Mitched. H., 104; Sickler, 105.

The gymnasium classes meet every Monday and
Thursday nights from 5.15 to 6 p. m. A gymnasium
class for Wednesday nights from S to 8.45 will begin its
meetings on August 30, in which all classes of gym-
nastic work will be given. After 8.45, basketball and
other games will be played.

A local tournament in volleyball will be organized
soon.

EMPIRE.

The following high scores were bowled on the alleys
during the past week. Tenpins — Giavelli, 243, 201,
187; Drake, 209; Pinney. 220; Huson. 194, 207; Parkis,
226, 208, 196; Gustavson, 200. Duckpins— Reiman,
101, Pulsifer, 101; Pinney, 113, 107 113. 115;
Huson, 105; Danielson, 108; Land, 102.

The Hearons Sisters Concert Company will give a
sacred concert on Sunday night, August 27.

On Friday, August 25, under the auspices of the
literary and debating society, there will be held an
o'd fashioned spelling bee. The contestants will be
chosen from the audience. Both ladies and gentlemen
are invited to attend and participate.

The orchestra from the National Conservatory of
Music, Panama city, will give the following program
at the "open house" on Saturday night, August 26:
"Cavalleria Rusticana"; "Blue Danube" waltz; march,
from the "Midsummer Night's Dream"; intermezzo;
"Adoration"; barcarolle, from the"Tales of Hoffman";
waltz, from "Chocolate Soldier"; closing march.

An order will be sent in soon for new books for the
library. Members are requested to leave names of
books desired at the desk.

GORGON A.

The hygiene class in connection with gymnasium
work was successfully opened on Monday night,
August 14, when an informal talk was given by Mr.
Hopkins, followed by a discussion by members of the
class. These discussions will be held every Monday
night preceding the regular gymnasium class, and a
different phase of personal care and hygiene will be
taken up each time. All men are invited.

A mock trial was held on Thursday night after
gymnasium class. This is the second of a series of
similar entertainemnts. Refreshments were served.

The pool tournament which recently closed, resulted
in a tie of four men: Robitoy, Sherwood, Hill, and Orr.
This will be played off before the award is made.

The high bowling scores for the week ending August
26 are, as follows: Duckpins — Duensing. 104, 104. 107;
Davis, 104; Dunlop. 100, 104. 101, US. 108. 101;
Davenport. 108; Carlisle, 104; Niles, 103; Haggerty,
117, 103. 102. Tenpins — Haldeman. 209; Lowe. 206;
Kenney. 212.

GATUN.

The Ancon bowling team played a second series of
games of duckpins at Gatun on Saturday night. Ancon
won the first, and Gatun the last two games.

The wrestling class meets once each week. Ten men
are now taking lessons under Fred Huber's instructions.

Volleyball games are creating a great deal of interest
between divisionsof thegymnasium classat its meetings
on Tuesday and Friday nights.

CRISTOBAL.

The subject discussed by the literary and debating
club on Wednesday night was "Resolved, that John D.
Rockefeller is a public benefactor." The affirmative
won. The subject for debate on Wednesday night.
August 2.1, will be "Resolved, that Cnited States
senators should be elected by direct vote of the people."
Affirmative. Messrs. Weaver and Hubbard; negative.
Messrs. Cristopherson and Putnam.

On Saturday, August 26. all the boys in the Cristobal
boys' department will be taken over to Toro Point,
whence they will walk to Fort San Lorenzo.

The gymnasium classes usually held on Thursday
will meet on Friday on account of the Hearon Sisters,
entertainment on Thursday night.

Mr. Thos. Burns and Dr. W. A. Blackburn have
been elected captains of the Cristobal teams in the
Isthmian tenpin league.

The following high scores were made during the week
ending August 19: Tenpins— Louch, 232. 219. 202;



Burn, W., 213; Blackburn. 203; Wallace, 211, 210;
Collins. 209, 203. 201; Peterson. 201; Atkins. 205;
Rosteck, 202. Duckpins — Wheeler. 112, 111; Hess,
103, 101; Beard, 101.

The bowling games with the Marines from Camp
Elliott on August 19 resulted, as follows:

Camp Elliott. Cristobal.

Martins 153 150 149 Wallace 130 164 189

Wayman... 161 129 150 Wheeler 133 136 149

Swartz 157 180 125 Rosteck 151 202 179

Simpson 139 139 122 Collins... . 138 189 143

Weigolt 142 125 122 Louch 187 176 156



Total 752 723 668 Total 739 867 816

CAMP ELLIOTT.

On Saturday evening, August 12, the bowling team
from Cristobal was defeated by the Marines on the
Camp Elliott alleys by the score of 2,223 to 2,354.



OFFICIAL CIRCULARS.



Labor Day.
Culebra. C. Z., August 16. 1911.
Circular No. 401:

Labor Day, Monday. September 4, 1911. will be
observed as a holiday throughout the Canal Zone, and.
as far as possible, all work will be suspended on that
day. Geo. W. Goethals, Chairman.



Rate Authorizations.

Culebra, C. Z., August 21, 1911.
Circular No. 299-n:

A rate of 50 cents an hour is authorized for black-
smiths, boilermakers, car repairers, carpenters (car,
house, and ship), machinists, painters, pipefitters, and
planing mill hands.

The designation of car repairer at 65 cents an hour
is amended to read: "Car repairer, special."