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vessels arriving each week of late has been 19
The greater part of them make Colon and
Cristobal regular ports of call, and some of the
colliers employed by the Earn Line to bring
coal to the Isthmus have been on the same run
for the past two or three years. The sailings
of the new steamship service from California,



58



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. S.



NOTES OF PROGRESS



{Continued.)



which were begun this month, adds four
more vessels to the list of those plying regu-
larly to the ports of the Pacific and Atlantic
entrances to the Canal.

The boat arrivals at Colon also include a
number of sloops and schooners, which make
trips between the Isthmus and Trinidad, Ja-
maica, and other islands of the West Indies,
while a few come from Central American
coast points and islands nearby. The number
of boats engaged in this trade has increased
considerably in the past two years. One of
this class, the Gertrude, arrived recently from
Turtle Bow on the Costa Rican coast, a local-
ity which gets it name from the large number
of turtles found there. The sloop makes occa-
sional trips to Colon, bringing as its principal
cargo, several hundred turtles reaching in size
to 500 pounds, which find ready sale in the
local market. Several vessels make period-
ic trips from the island of San Andres with
fruit, and schooners from the West Indies
bring yams, yucca, avocados and fruits, and
also, as a rule, a few passengers.



Concrete in Gatun Locks.

The concrete work in Gatun Locks is about
38 per cent completed, 802,306 cubic yards,
out of a total of 2,095,000, having been
placed at the close of work on October 15.
Most of the concrete being placed is put
in the floor and walls of the middle locks.
The record of concrete placed each day last
week, and of the total up to and including
October 15, is shown in the following state-
ment:



DATE.


Concrete


Large


Hours


No. of


Total.




placed.


stone.


worked.


mixers






Cu.Yds.


Cu. Yds.






Cu. Yds.


Oct. 10.


2.824


274}


90:39


8


3.098}


Oct. 11.


3.212


307-j


92:06


8


3.519}


Oct. 12.


3.195


274}


94:12


8


3.469}


Oct. 13.


3.417


453}


89:04


8


3.870}


Oct. 14.


3.166


368?


90:04


8


3.534}


Oct. 15.


3,300


41 i;


91:27


8


3.711J




19.114


2.090f






21,2043


Previ-












ously












reported










781,100}










Grand




total .










802,305}















Mirafiores Locks.

The record of concrete laid in the Miraflores
Locks during the six 8-hour working days of
the week ending October 15, and of the total
to that date, follows:





AUXILIARY PLANT.


DATE.


2-Cubic

yard
mixers.


'^-Cubic

yard
mixers.


Large
stone.


Total.


October 10. . , .

October 11

October 12. . . .

October 13

October 14. . . .


Cu. Yds.
550
256
84
328
332
368


Cu. Yds.
365
422
407
416
431
427


Cm. Yds.
15
15
8
34
20
15


Cu. Yds.
930
693
499
778
783
810


Total

Previously


1,918


2.468


107
813


4.493
35,391












920


39,884











Vacations in Guatemala.

Regarding the announcement in The
Canal Record of October 5 of the permission
accorded employes to spend their vacations



in Guatemala City, the Chief Quarantine
Officer advises that a quarantine against
ports in Guatemala touched by lines of steam-
ers plying to the Isthmus has existed for
several years past and is still in force.



EXECUTIVE ORDER.



Lock Work at Pedro Miguel.

The work of placing concrete in the exten-
sion of the east wall into the forebay at Pedro
Miguel Locks is in progress. The west and
center walls of the locks have been extended
south to the first of the three lower gate sills,
and the construction of the east wall is ad-
vancing.

The record of concrete laid in the locks
during the six 8-hour working days of the
week ending October 15, with the total to
that date, is as follows:







CUBIC


YARDS.




DATE.


Con-
struction
plant.


Auxil-
iary
plant.


Large
stone.


Total.


October 10. . . .

October 11

October 12. . . .

October 13. . . .
October 14. . . .
October 15. . . .


2.038
1,982
2.042
2.038
2,034
2.246


130
92
206
268
114
166


30


2,168
2,074
2.248
2.306
2,148
2.442


Total

Previously


12,380


976


30
3,322


13,386
328.061












3,352


341,447











Gatun Dam and Spillway.

The survey made at the end of September
showed that the surface of the hydraulic fill
in the western section of Gatun Dam was at
27.3 feet above sea level, an increase in height
of 5.3 feet during the month. Three of the
four 20-inch suction dredges on the Dam work
pumped into the west section all during the
month and the fourth also pumped into that
section after September 16. No hydraulic
fill was added to the east section of the Dam
during September, and the survey showed that
the surface of the fill was at 56 feet above sea
level, a subsidence of 1.3 feet during the month,
due to consolidation. The total of the hy-
draulic fill at the close of the month was
4,979,457 cubic yards.

The progress of concrete laying in the
spillway of the Dam during the two weeks
ending October 15 is shown in the following
statement:



Cubic Yaids.



Date.


Concrete


Large
rock.


Total.




186

308
302
284
288
304
282
294
304
292
324
278


10
4
10
20
18
10
8

10


186




308




312




288




298




324


October 10


300
304




312




292


October 14

October 15


324
288


Total


3.446


90


3,536




95,310












98.846











Married.

WALSH-BOWMAN— On October 12, in the Union
church, Cristobal, Martin Franklin Walsh of Stockton.
Cal., and Jenny Lind Samantha Bowman of Santa
Cruz, Cal.. Rev. Carl H. Elliott officiating. Canal
Zone residence, Cristobal.



Collection of Taxes.

By virtue of the authority vested in me, I
hereby establish the following Executive Or-
der for the Canal Zone Government:

Section 1. The office of the District Tax
Collector, created by paragraph two of the
Executive Order effective April 15, 1907, is
hereby abolished.

Section 2. The duties heretofore discharged
by the District Tax Collectors shall be per-
formed by the Collector of Revenues in person
or by duly appointed deputies, provided that
there shall be a Deputy Collector of Revenues
assigned to each administrative district, who,
under the direction and supervision of the
Collector of Revenues shall exercise and per-
form the duties of the Collector of Revenues
within the respective districts. The Collector
of Revenues shall have such additional
deputies, assistants and other help as are now
assigned to him or may hereafter be assigned
to him by competent authority.

The existing laws relating to the execution
of official bonds by the Collector of Revenues
and his deputies shall not be affected in any
manner bv this Order.

Section 3. Taxes and penalties assessed
against real estate or the improvements there-
on shall constitute a lien on such property
which shall be superior to all other liens,
mortgages or encumbrances of any kind
whatsoever and shall be enforceable against
the property whether in the possession of the
delinquent or any subsequent owner and can
be discharged only by the payment of the
taxes, a penalty of twenty (20 c /c) per cent,
and any costs that may have accrued.

Section 4. A statement showing the per-
sons delinquent for taxes in the respective
districts prepared and signed by the Collector
of Revenues and approved by the Head of the
Department of Civil Administration and con-
taining the requisites prescribed by Section
54 of Act 7 of the Laws of the Canal Zone
enacted September 1, 1904, shall be sufficient
warrant for the proceedings to seize and sell
property sufficient to satisfy the amount of
taxes, penalties and costs due in each case,
and the monies acquired by the Collector of
Revenues at such sale shall be duly accounted
for by him to the Treasurer of the Canal Zone,
in like manner as other public monies re-
ceived by him; and in making returns thereof
he shall show the total amount of proceeds
received from such sale, the amount of taxes,
penalties and costs and any surplus remaining
that may have been paid over to the delinquent
tax payer for the pavment of such surplus.

Section 5. The owner of personal property
seized may redeem the same from the Col-
lector of Revenues at any time before the sale,
but not afterwards, by tendering to him or his
deputy the amount of the taxes, penalties and
costs up to the time of the tender; the costs
to be charged in making such seizure and sale
shall only embrace the actual expense of the
seizure and preservation of the property pend-
ing the sale, and no charge shall be imposed
for the services of the collecting officer.

The purchaser at a tax sale of personal
property shall acquire an indefeasible title
to the property sold, and the officer making
the sale shall execute a bill of sale of such
property to the purchaser.

Section 6. The provision of said Act 7 of
the Canal Zone Laws, relating to the forfei-
ture of real estate and other immovable



October 19, 1910.



THE CANAL RECORD



59



property to the municipalities, formerly ex-
isting, in default of bidders at tax sales, and
the procedure therein established in such
cases, and the conditions therein prescribed
in respect to the redemption of such property
by the delinquent tax payers, and the execu-
tion of deeds to the municipalities thereunder
when the property was not duly redeemed
shall apply hereafter to the Canal Zone Gov-
ernment, and the property shall pass to the
Canal Zone Government in default of bidders
at such tax sales, in like manner and form as it
did to the abolished municipalities under the
said Act 7.

Section 7. Deeds conveying title to real
estate or to improvements thereon executed
by the Collector of Revenues or his deputies
to private persons or to the Canal Zone Gov-
ernment under tax sales pursuant to law,
shall convey all right, title, and interest of
the delinquent tax payer in and to the proper-
ty sold, on the date of such sale, and shall be
entitled to registration in the real estate
records of the district in which the property
is situated.

Section 8. All the provisions of said Act 7
of the Canal Zone Laws relating to the levy,
assessment and payment of taxes and the
enforced collection thereof which conferred
powers and imposed duties on the officials
of the abolished municipalities shall be held
to apply to the Collector of Revenues, and
hereafter, he shall exercise and discharge all
said powers and duties in person or through
his deputies in the respective administrative
districts.

Section 9. All laws, orders or decrees in
conflict with this Order are hereby repealed,
but the repeal shall not affect any action or
procedure that may have been taken or had
under preexisting laws and such action or
procedure if not terminated shall be proceeded
with in conformity with this Order as near as
may be: and, provided further, property now
delinquent for taxes may be sold to satisfy
the taxes due thereon under the provisions
hereof in like manner as may be done with
property becoming delinquent hereafter.

Section 10. Nothing in this Executive
Order shall be held to deprive the Chairman
and Chief Engineer or the Head of the De-
partment of Civil Administration from exer-
cising any power or authority now conferred
on them, or either of them, by law in relation
to the appointment of officers and employes,
or the supervision of the work of officers and
employes responsible or reporting to them,
or to either of them. Wm. H. Taft.

The White House,
Octobt i- ;, 1910.

[No. 1250.1

Obituary.

W. S. Halstead of Columbus, Ga., died at
Ancon Hospital on October 12, after an illness
of about twenty days. He was 29 years of
age, single, and had been on the Isthmus four
years. He was an employe of the Chairman's
office at Culebra.

John A. Schaberle, who was the victim of a
shooting affair at Culebra on the morning of
October 10, died at Ancon Hospital on October
12. He was 33 years of age, single, and had
been on the Isthmus two years, living at
Culebra, where he was employed in the office
of the Chief Engineer. His home address
was Detroit, Mich.



A fire in the kitchen of the Bas Obispo
hotel on Sunday, October 16, caused about
$300 worth of damage.



FEDERATED WOM EN'S CLUBS.

Fall Meeting of the Zone Organization Held at
Gorgona.

The fall meeting of the Canal Zone Federa-
tion of Women's Clubs was held in Gorgona
on Thursday, October 13. Each of the six
federated clubs was represented by four dele-
gates and there were present the honorary
president, Mrs. Lorin C. Collins, the three
vice-presidents and other officers of the Fed-
eration, and a large number of club women.
Following the Federation lunch, which was
taken at the Commission hotel, the business
meeting convened at the Gorgona clubhouse
at 1.30, the president, Mrs. Thomas E. Brown,
Jr., presiding.

It had been requested that the reports of
the club presidents should outline the pro-
posed plan of work of the clubs for the year,
but owing to lateness in resuming meetings,
illness, and other causes, only the presidents
of the Cristobal, Gatun, and Paraiso clubs
were able to announce any formal plan. In
these reports, and those of the chairmen of
Federation committees which followed, there
was evidenced a tendency toward intellectual
development through systematic and har-
monious programs, and a broadening of
educational effort along philanthropic lines.

The chairman of the health committee
recommended a campaign against the spfead
of tuberculosis among natives in the poorer
districts. Already some work has been begun
unofficially by Mrs. Collins of the Cristobal
club, and with organized effort and the co-
operation of the authorities a vigorous cam-
paign will be prosecuted. It was suggested
also, that something could be done educa-
tionally by lectures, and possibly by a tuber-
culosis exhibit among the clubs in the Canal
Zone. In order to concentrate effort the
committee on philanthropy and civics has
issued a list of suggestions which include med-
ical inspection in the public schools of Panama
and Colon; the establishing of playgrounds;
the care of infants, it having been ascertained
that a high rate of mortality obtains among
children under two years; establishing free
dispensaries under reputable physicians in
Panama and Colon to counteract the use of
patent medicines; publishing items on tuber-
culosis in the daily papers; distributing read-
ing matter on preventive measures; having
addresses made by physicians; and working
for the establishment of free kindergartens for
colored children.

Letters were read from the president of the
General Federation of Women's Clubs asking
the cooperation of the Canal Zone Federation
in the effort to increase the treasury of the
General Federation, recommending that each
club become a subscriber to the official organ,
"The General Federation Bulletin," and ex-
pressing appreciation of the efforts of the club
women in the Canal Zone.

Resolutions were adopted on the abolition
of the common drinking cup in the Canal
Zone; recommending that the bread baked in
the Panama railroad bakery at Cristobal be
wrapped before it leaves the bakery; recom-
mending that the home committee arrange
for a course of lectures in domestic science;
and requesting that clothing be contributed
to the line and terminal hospitals to be given
to patients when discharged. This last has
been one of the philanthropic efforts of the
Gatun club, and it has been greatly appre-
ciated.

At 3.30 a ten minute recess was taken, after
which the meeting reconvened in the enter-



tainment hall of the clubhouse which was
decorated with flags and flowers. Papers by
the chairmen of committees included one on
art by Mrs. Henry Ropes Trask; education
by Mrs. Elliott; household economics by Mrs.
\Y. H. Ellenwood, and conservation of natural
resources by Mrs. F. W. Walraven. In each
of these papers, suggestions were made as to
the best use the clubs might make in their
programs of the subject presented.

The guests of honor were Mrs. Maurice H.
Thatcher, Mrs. Wesley Owen, and Mrs. H.
R. Moon. At the request of the president,
the honorary president and Mrs. Thatcher
made informal addresses.

A musical program was rendered as follows;
Piano solo, Mrs. Moon; song, Miss Ethel
Otis, Miss E. Decker, accompanist; "Bar-
carolle," violin duet, Mrs. Wm. H. Decker
and Miss Jessie Smith, Mrs. Alfred Dickson,
accompanist; songs "The Spring Has Come,"
and "Don't You Mind the Sorrows," Mrs.
Owen, Mrs. Moon, accompanist; duet for
piano, "Sketches", Ethelbert Nevin, Mrs.
Thatcher and Mrs. Moon. The afternoon
closed with an informal reception, refresh-
ments being served by the Gorgona club.

In order to assist the various clubs in
their programs for the year, the following
circular letter has been issued by the re-
ciprocity committee: -

This committee will receive requests from clubs for
outlines of programs, papers on any special subject, or
for speakers for special occasions. It is desired that any
club making such request should state definitely the
subject required and give alternative dates, if possible,
as all requests are referred to the chairmen of the Fed-
eration committees.

The chairmen of the committees are asked to keep
on file a list of such papers as they may be able to fur-
nish, of such speakers as they may be able to call upon
for lectures, and also, to keep a file of clippings on inter-
esting subjects.

Clubs are expected to carry all expenses connected
with the work of this committee, including the trans-
portation and entertainment of speakers, or others, who
come at the request of the club.



PERSONAL.



Mr. H. H. Rousseau, with Mrs. Rousseau,
returned from his annual leave in the States
on the Ancon, which arrived at Cristobal on
October 20.

Mr. S. B. Williamson returned from his
annual leave on the Ancon on October 20.

Mr. Tom M. Cooke, accompanied by Mrs.
Cooke, returned from his leave in the States
on the Melapan, which arrived at Colon on
October 14.

Mr. A. L. Robinson sailed for the States
on his annual leave on the Allianca, which
left Cristobal on October 17.

Mr. A. B. Nichols returned from his annual
leave in the States on the Colon, which arrived
at Cristobal on October 17.



Missing Man.

Any one having information regarding the
wdiereabouts of W. Davis Porter, who is
supposed to have worked in the Canal Zone,
is requested to communicate with the Director
of Posts, Ancon, C. Z.



Johnson Charged with Manslaughter.

J. R. Johnson was arraigned before Justice
Owen in the Circuit Court at Empire on
October 18 and a formal charge of manslaugh-
ter was preferred against him for having caused
the death of J. A. Schaberle at Culebra on
the morning of October 10. The date of
trial was fixed at October 25. Under the
Canal Zone laws a person accused of man-
slaughter may not be granted a jury trial.

Bail was fixed at $2,500.



60



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV,, No. S.



CANAL WORK IN SEPTEMBER.



Monthly Report of the Acting Chairman to the
Secretary of War.

Culebra, C. Z., October 15, 1910.
The Honorable the Secietory of War,
Washington, D. C,

Sir: I have the honor to submit the follow-
ing report of operations on the Isthmus for
the month of September, 1910:
Department of Construction and Engineering.
The following table summarizes the prin-
cipal items of construction work accomplished
by the Atlantic, Central and Pacific Divisions
during the month:



25 working days in September shows a de-
crease of 8,965.5 cubic yards, as compared
with the amount laid during the 27 working
days in the month of August. The bucket
measurement exceeded the place measure-
ment by 309.5 cubic yards. The total amount
of concrete and large stone placed during the
month was 49,785 cubic yards in the upper
lock, and 27,462.5 cubic yards in the middle
lock, or a total of 77,207.5 cubic yards. The
total amount placed to October 1, was 759,-
972 cubic yards, of which 702,371.5 cubic-
yards have been placed in the upper lock, and



Work excavation, dry .
Work excavation, wet.



Total work excavation.



Plant excavation , dry.
Plant excavation, wet.



Total plant excavation

Total Canal excavation.



Material placed in dams.
Concrete laid



Explosives used

Rock drilling

Track removed

New tracks laid

Rock crushed

Cemen t used

New roads built

Water mains laid

Sewers laid

New drains and ditches dug..

Average daily force

Average rainfall



Cubic yards...
Cubic yards...

Cubic yards...

Cubic yards...
Cubic yards...

Cubic yards.. .

Cubic yards...

Cubic yards...

Cubic yards...

Tons (Gross).

Feet

Miles

Miles

Cubic yards...

Barrels

Miles

Feet

Feet

Feet



Inches .



103.040
451.873



554.913



21.713
26,444



686,275
81.628



83.78



78.644



69,733

84.997

7

9,405

1.711

2,348



Central.



1,574,238



1,574,238



1.574,238



199.05

351,791
7.90
12.36

56
29



1,891
292



13.34



9,197



Pacific.



IS, 995
473.585



492. 5S0



17.200



509.780



11,220

68,835

M
28.367



58.244
70.S06



1.166

783

4.981

4.024



1,696,273
925.458



2,621,731



21,713
43,644



65,357



2,r>S7.tl.SS



7.90
16.38



0.37



128.033
155,832



12.03



12,462
2.786
7,329

21,919



Atlantic Division.

GATUN LOCKS.

Excavation — Shovel excavation during the
month was confined to the lower chamber.
A total of 95,561 cubic yards of material was
removed, including 17,683 cubic yards of
clay excavated outside the limits of the Canal
prism for the impervious back-fill south of
the intermediate gate. The total amount
removed to date aggregates 5,308,457 cubic
yards. The excavation, including excavation
for the approach walls, is 91 per cent com-
pleted. The culvert excavation in the mid-
dle chamber is 92 per cent completed.

Receiving and Issuing Material — The re-
ceipts of material during the month were
satisfactory, and exceeded the consumption
on all items.



OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT


AND AUXILIARY CON-


CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS.






Peimanent


Auxiliary




Plant.


Plant.


Average hours per day worked






per strand of cableway laying






concrete and large stone


7.40




Average number of mixers per








6.00


!.00


Average hourly output per mixer.








25.92


74.60


Average amount of concrete and






large stone laid per hour, per






strand of cableway. cu. j i


31.77




Total number cu. yds. of large






rock laid by the cableways. . . .


4,850




Total n'.iiiili'T - ii. yds. of con-






crete laid by the cableways..,


43,861




Total number ol cu. yds. of con-






crete ftom this plant laid bv








596




Average amount of concrete, per




hour, laid bv the derrick, cu. yds


19.22




Tui.il number of cu. yds. of large










2.909


Total number of cu. yds. of con-










24,991








Total amount large rock and






concrete handled, cu. yds. . .


49.307


27.900



Concrete Work — The concrete work for the



57,600.5 cubic yards in the middle lock. The
concrete work is 37.1 per cent completed.

Receipt of Crushed Rock and Sand — During
the month 115 barges of crushed rock were
brought from Porto Bello, and 33,382 cubic
yards of sand, in 66 barges, were received from
Nombre de Dios.

Power Plant and Pumps — The operation
of the power plant and pumps during the
month was satisfactory.

Iron and Steel Work — The setting of steel at
the intermediate gate, and at the lower gates
of the upper lock, was continued. Four
anchors for safety chains above the interme-
diate gate were also placed.

Back-Fill—A total of 26,410 cubic yards of
back-filling was placed, making 48,786 cubic
yards to October 1. The back-fill is 4.06
per cent completed.

Form Work — The wooden form work during
the month has been slow and expensive, on
account of the large amount of interior
wooden forming. Two more steel towers
were transferred during the month from the
upper to the middle chamber.

GATUN DAM.

Construction during the month increased
the total fill by 686,275 cubic yards, making
a total in place of 9,855,015 cubic yards.

1 'I yd 'raid ic Fill — The dredges increased the