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be held in the social hall on Christmas Eve.

At Pedro Miguel, there will be a public
celebration with a tree and gifts for the chil-
dren of the village on Christmas Eve. The
program will include a Christmas cantata by
the children.

The public celebration at Culebra will be
held in the clubhouse on Christmas Eve,
beginning at 7.30. There will be a program
consisting of songs and recitations, and a
Christmas play by the children of the Sunday
school. Apples and nuts will be distributed
and refreshments will be served. The gifts
for the Sunday school children will be pre-
sented in the chapel on Christmas Day at
9.30 a. m. The church services in the chapel
for Christmas Day will be as follows: Episco-
pal service at 11 a. m., with holy communion,
Chaplain Brown officiating; union service at
7.30 p. m., the Rev. A. A.Nellis, preacher.
There will be the usual service at the Culebra
penitentiary on Sunday morning, December
25, at 8.30 o'clock, the Rev. S. Moss Loveridge,
preacher.

The Church of the Holy Redeemer at
Culebra will have a Christmas tree for the
children of the Sunday school on Christmas
Eve. On Christmas Day, the tree will be
taken to the Culebra Spanish school, where it
will be redecorated, and gifts will be distrib-
uted to the children of that school. Midnight
mass will be celebrated by the Rev. Father
Collins on Christmas Eve.

The Empire Christmas services will be held
in the Commission chapel at 11 a. m., the Rev.
A. A. Nellis, preacher, and in the evening at
7.15 o'clock, the Rev. J. H. Coin, preacher.
The general celebration will be held in the
clubhouse on Christmas Eve, beginning at
7 o'clock. There will be a children's enter-
tainment, with recitations, music, and a
Christmas tree with Santa Claus to distribute
gifts. Following this, there will be a program
for the older people. Refreshments will be
served in the reading room from 9 to 11
o'clock. The Marine band from Camp El-
liott will play.

The Sunday school celebration at Las Cas-
cadas will be held in the Commission chapel on
Friday evening, December 23. There will be
a tree, with gifts for the pupils of the school,
and a program of songs and recitations by the
children.

At Bas Obispo, there will be an entertain-
ment and "treat" for the children in the social
hall on Christmas Eve.

The community celebration at Gorgona
will be held in the clubhouse on Christmas



Eve. There will be a tree, and each child will
receive a stocking filled with candy, nuts, and
fruit. Those who wish to place their gifts on
the tree for friends and relatives are invited
to do so. The children will sing a cantata
entitled "Sleepy Santa Claus." Toward this
general celebration all the fraternal and other
organizations in the village have contributed.
A committee of 30 has had charge of the ar-
rangements. The Christmas celebration of
the Union Sunday school will be held on New
Year's Eve in the chapel. There will be a
program, consisting of Christmas hymns, and
a candle drill by the infant class.

The general Christmas celebration at Gatun
will be held in the clubhouse on Friday even-
ing, December 23. Two large Christmas
trees will be provided, and gifts will be dis-
tributed to about 300 children. A program
of songs and recitations, and a Christmas
cantata will be rendered by the children.
The Americans at Gatun will provide a Christ-
mas celebration for the Spanish and West
Indian children in the new village at Gatun
on Christmas afternoon from 2 to 5 o'clock.
Presents will be distributed. Christmas Day
services at Gatun will be held in the Commis-
sion chapel at 10.45 a. m., and at 7.30 p. m ,
the Rev. Charles O. Purdy, preacher.

The Cristobal celebration will be held in
the Commission clubhouse on Christmas Eve.
The feature of the program is a play entitled
"The Birds' Christmas Carol," which will be
acted by the children of the Sunday school.
There will be a tree, and a distribution of gifts.
The service at the chapel will be at 7.30 p. m.,
the Rev. Carl H. Elliott, preacher. Sunday
school will be held at 10 a. m.

A midnight mass will be sung at[St. Rita's
Church in New Gatun, beginning about 11.30
p. m., Christmas Eve. Confessions will be
heard at any time during the evening up to
that hour. On Christmas Day, a high mass
will be sung at St. Rita's Church at 10.30 a. m.



Christmas at Culebra Penitentiary.

A committee of ladies residing in Culebra,
with Mrs. C. A. Devol as chairman, is arran-
ging for a.Christmas treat for the inmates of
Culebra pentitentiary. Cakes and ice cream,
nuts, fruit, candy and tobacco will be fur-
nished. Donations are solicited from resi-
dents of Empire, Culebra and Ancon. Cakes
and articles of food may be delivered to the
district quartermasters on the afternoon be-
fore Christmas. Subscriptions of money are
also asked, and these may be also handed to
the district quartermasters, or forwarded to
Mrs. Devol in Culebra. It is purposed to
use any money remaining from the Christmas
fund for the purchase of French and Spanish
books for the penitentiary library.



Church] Notes.

The Rev. Aquila Lucas, representative of
the International Sunday School Association
for South America and the West Indies, will
arrive on the Isthmus for his annual visit on
December 22, and will remain until January
3. His visit will be largely devoted to the work
of the Sunday schools for colored children.

The proceeds of the recent sale for the bene-
fit of St. Mary's Church, Empire, amounted
to $55. The money will be placed in the fund
already started for the purchase of a new organ
for the church.

The Ladies' Foreign Missionary Society,
connected with the Methodist Episcopal
Chu'rch, Panama, has taken up the study of a



book entitled "Western Women in Eastern
Lands." It treats of the efforts of cultivated
Christian women in the Orient. A Spanish
branch of the society has been organized with
ten members. Mrs. C. W. Ports is president.
The branch meets at the homes of the members
on the last Thursday in each month.

The Rev. Charles O. Purdy of Des Moines,
Iowa, the newly appointed Commission chap-
lain assigned to duty ac Gatun, arrived on the
Isthmus on Thursday, December 15, and
preached at the two services in the chapel on
the following Sunday, under the auspices of
the Gatun Christian League. The morning
service wa» attended by about 45 people, and
in the evening there was a congregation of 80.
Mr. Purdy is a graduate of Drake University
and has been active in the ministry for five
years. An informal reception was tendered
to the new pastor on Tuesday evening, Decem-
ber 20, and on Wednesday evening, December
28, a general reception will be given for him
in the clubhouse.

The Ladies' Aid Society, in connection with
the Union Church at Cristobal, maintains a
scholarship in the Methodist College at Pana-
ma, a little Spanish girl being the beneficiary.
The society has taken up sewing for a small
mission in New York as its work for the winter.

The building recently erected at Gatun for
use as a chapel by the Catholics in the Amer-
ican settlement, has been completed and will
be opened for services on Christmas morning.
Mass will be said by Rev. M. A. Jiamona at
9 o'clock that morning, and all will be made
welcome.

Dances.

The Cristobal Catholic Club will give a
Christmas dancing party at the Cristobal
clubhouse on Monday evening, December 26.

The Strangers' Club will give a dance in
the rooms of the club on New Year's Eve,
December 31.



Cristobal Woman's Club.

The meeting of the home department of the
Cristobal Woman's Club was held in the
clubhouse on Wednesday, December 14. Mrs.
Carl H. Elliott and Mrs. J. W. Veen read
papers on domestic science. Mrs. Elliott and
Mrs. L. E. Willson were the hostesses. The
club has voted $100 toward the Christmas
celebrations for the children in Colon and
Cristobal, $35 of which is for the Christmas
dinner to be given by the Colon Humane
Society on December 24.



Policemen Accidentally Shot.

The discharge of a revolver in the hands of
Sergeant Guy Johannes of the Canal Zone
police department caused the death of J. A.
Prout, a patrolman in the same service, at
Empire, in the early morning of December
14, during a struggle in a dark alley in which
each was acting upon the belief that the other
was a suspicious character. The injured men
were taken to Ancon Hospital, where Prout
died in the evening of the same day. The
latter was a native of Barbados and joined the
police force in September, 1905. A wife and
three children survive him. Johannes is an
American and has been on the force since
November, 1906. Both men were well known
to each other, and on the night in question
darkness alone prevented recognition.

LOST — On Sunday morning. December 18. either on
first train between Gorgona and Mount Hope, or on tug-
boat to Porto Bello. a hotel coupon book. Finder
please return to A. \V. Fahr, I. C. C. check No. 31134,
Gorgona. C. Z.



132



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 17.



CANAL WORK IN NOVEMBER.

Monthly Report of the Chairman and Chief En-
gineer to the Secretary of War.

Culebra, C. Z., December 15, 1910.

The Honorable the Secretary of War.

Washington, D. C.

Sir: I have the honor to submit the fol-
lowing report of operations on the Isthmus
for the month of November, 1910:
Department of Construction and Engineering.

The following table summarizes the prin-
cipal items of construction work accomplished
by the Atlantic, Central and Pacific Divisions
during the month:



ricks, dumping, and a lift; it is therefore impracticable
to estimate the average amount placed per hour by
each of these units.

Mixing and Placing Plants — These plants
were kept in a satisfactory condition during
the month, although the output from plant No.
2 was somewhat diminished by the necessity of
using some of the narrow gage equipment for
removing a slide on the east side of the locks.

Concrete Work — There was a decrease of
1 1,796J cubic yards in the amount of concrete
laid, as compared with the figures for the
preceding month. The daily average for the
24 working days was 3,131 cubic yards. The
total amount of concrete placed during the



Item.


Unit.


Atlantic.


Central.


Pacific.


Total.




Cubic yards

Cubic yards

Cubic yards

Cubic yards

Cubic yards

Cubic yards

Tons ( Gross 1...


94.552
600.70S


1,465.636
4.800


20.036

473,314


1,580.224
1.078,822








695,260


1,470,436


493.350


2.659,046






24.958
188,852






322,033






133.181








213,810




133,181


346,991




909.070


1.470.436


626.531


3,006,037






395,771

80.803

71.5S

54,930




56.404

88,119

31.42

38,637

"i.74

59.136
89.992
0.22

673

437
10,300
4,234
11.77


452.175

168,922

277.80

447,932
6.67
1S.76








174.80

354.365
6.67
15.18

307
101












1.84

66.699
78.748
0.16

5,727
2,546
8,940
S.351
28.05














0.38






1.700

44S

4,030

8.946

13.81












23,270
21.531

















Atlantic Division.
GATUN LOCKS.

Excavation — Shovel excavation during the
month was carried on in the lower chamber and
forebay, and on a hill north of the machine
shop. The work in the forebay was necessi-
tated by a slide, which took place on the east
side of the locks, and was completed during
the month. A total of 87,916 cubic yards of
material was removed. Of this amount,
23,360 cubic yards were excavated outside
the limits of the Canal prism for the impervi-
ous back fill. On November 30, the total
material removed amounted to 5,499,169
cubic yards, of which 4,790,367 cubic yards
had been removed from the Canal prism.
The excavation was 94 per cent completed.

Receiving and Issuing Material — The re-
ceipts of material during the month were in
all cases in excess of the consumption.

OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS. GATUN LOCKS.



Length of working day (hours) . .

Average number of hours per
day worked per strand of
cableway laying concrete and
large stone (actual working
time)

Average number of mixers per
day

Average hourly output per mixer.
(actual working time) cu. yds.

Average amount of concrete and
large stone laid per hour, per
strand of cableway. or per der-
rick (actual working time)
cu. yds

Large rock laid, cu. yds

Concrete laid, cableways, cu. yds.

Concrete laid, derrick, cu. yds.. .

Concrete laid, derrick, dumping
and lift, cu. yds

Concrete laid, portable J-yard
mixer



Total amount concrete and
large rock laid. cu. yds



Permanent Auxiliary
Plant. Plant.



8.17

6.00

52.29



31.92
4,568}
46.204
338



51,110}



(av.) 9.30



2.00
65.71



2.036



21,196
406 J



23.638J



Concrete from the auxiliary plant is placed by der-



monthwas75,152cubicyards, including 6,617|
cubic yards of large stone. The bucket
measurement exceeded the place measurement
by 402} cubic yards. Of the total new con-
crete, 21,436] cubic yards were placed in the
upper lock and 53,715* cubic yards in the
middle lock. The concrete work in the upper
lock was 75 per cent completed, and the con-
crete work for the entire lock system, 45 per
cent completed at the end of November.

Power Plant and Pumps — The operation of
the power plant and pumps during the month
was satisfactory.

Iron and Steel Work — During the month
the setting of the sills for the lower gates of
the upper lock, and the setting of castings for
Stoney gate valves was commenced.

Back Fill — The back fill was increased by
37,139 cubic yards, making the total placed at
the end of the month 144,784 cubic yards.
The back fill was 11.98 per cent completed.

GATUN DAM.

Construction during the month increased
the total fill, as determined by cross sections
of the material in place, by 380,334 cubic
yards, making the total amount in place 10,-
919,959 cubic yards.

Hydraulic Fill — The dredges increased the
hydraulic fill by 129,666 cubic yards. The
hydraulic fill in the east valley was allowed to
drain and settle from September 23 to Novem-
ber 14, during which time no material was
pumped into this section. Cross sections as of
November 1 4 showed a consolidation amount-
ing to 55,741 cubic yards. The total hy-
draulic fill in place November 30 was 5,534,-
114 cubic yards. At the end of the month
the water surface in the hydraulic fill east of
the Spillway was at elevation plus 57.5, and
in the hydraulic fill west of the Spillway at
elevation plus 30.7.

Dry Fill — The material received from the



Central Division, the locks, the spillway and
the plant excavation, amounting to 250,668
cubic yards, was placed on the north and south
toes of the dam, east and west of the spillway,
making the total dry fill in place 5,385,845
cubic yards.

GATUN SPILLWAY.

Concrete — The construction of the east and
west approach walls was continued, 5,651
cubic yards of concrete being placed, of which
129 cubic yards were bulk rock, which in-
creased the total to 107,671 cubic yards.

Excavation — For the forebay and for the
foundations of the approach walls, 29,996
cubic yards of material were excavated, in-
creasing the total spillway excavation to
1,548,001 cubic yards.

Cut-off Levee — No work was done on the
levee from Spillway Hill to Mindi Hill, the
total fill of 177,158 cubic yards, as stated in
the report for October, having practically
completed the construction of this levee.

HARBOR AND CHANNEL SECTION.

Excavation below Sea Levelat Mindi — Dredge
No. 86 was engaged on this work up to No-
vember 13, and the dredge Sandpiper from
November 14 to November 30, a total of
213,997 cubic yards being removed.

Dredging from the Ocean to Mindi — Seven
dredges removed 513,392 cubic yards of earth
and 67,316 cubic yards of rock from the Canal
prism. In addition, the dredge Caribbean re-
moved 122,565 cubic yards of earth from the
channel to dock No. 14. On November 30,
1910, forty feet of water could be carried from
zero to zero plus 4,200 feet; 30 feet to mile 5
plus 850 feet, and 20 feet to mile 5 plus 2,550
feet, the end of the cut.

PORTO BELLO.
PERFORMANCE OF ROCK CRUSHER PLANT.

Hours.

Length of working day 12:00

Average number of hours worked per day

(actual working time) 8:07

Cm. Yds.
Average output per hour of working day.... 232

Average hourly output for possible working

time of 25'. hours and S minutes 266

Average output per working hour 342

Total for month 66,699

Maximum day's output 3,773

SAND, STONE AND CEMENT SERVICE.

In connection with this service, plant
steamed 10,970 miles, handled 757 barges,
and carried about 1,964 passengers.

COLON BREAKWATER.

AtToro Point, 38,338 cubic yards of material
were excavated, of which 8,434 cubic yards
were used for ballasting track and 29,904 cubic
yards were placed in the breakwater. The dou-
ble track trestle was extended 445 linear feet.

NOMBRE DE DIOS.

During the month, 86 barges, containing
44,654 cubic yards of sand, were shipped to
Gatun.

MUNICIPAL ENGINEERING.

The reservoirs, water mains, sewers, roads,
and oil pipe lines were maintained and ex-
tended as required to facilitate construction
work. Work was continued on the Colon
municipal improvements, the dredge Sand-
piper placing 22,137 cubic yards and No. 86,
43,970 cubic yards in the fill of the city.
Central Division.

During the month of November, the total
amount of material excavated in the Central
Division was 1,470,436 cubic yards, of which
417,359 cubic yards were classified as earth,
and 1,053,077 cubic yards as rock. Of this
quantity, 1,444,567 cubic yards were removed
by steam shovels, 21,069 cubic yards blasted



December 21, 1910.



THE CANAL RECORD



133



and washed away, and 4,800 cubic yards by
sluicing (contract). Of th'e total, 1, 470,436
cubic yards consisted of primary excavation
for the Canal prism.

The daily average number of steam shovels
at work during the month was 49.13, and the
total number of shovel days was 1,179, as com-
pared with 47.50 shovels at work during the
month of October with 1,235 shovel days.

For comparison with the work done by steam
shovels during the corresponding month of
the previous year, the following table has been
prepared:



Period.


Excava-
ted by
shovels.


Classification of
material.




VI

>>

-C
■J.


i; ° -■




Rock.


Earth.


5 u


1909:
Nov

1910:
Nov


Cu. Yds.
1.163.700

1.444.567


Cu. Yds.

967.391

1,053.077


Cu. Yds.

195, S09

391,490


41.75
49.13


24
24


C. Y.

1.161.3

1.225.2



Rainfall at Empire: 1909. 20.99 ins.; 1910. S.S5 ins.

The above table shows the average output
per shovel to be 5.5 per cent greater in
November, 1910, than in the corresponding
month of the previous year.

The total amount of material excavated
from the prism in the Culebra section of the
Central Division in November, 1910 — 1,209,-
554 cubic yards — was the highest record in
that section for the month of November, the
previous high record having been in November,

1909, when 1,170,792 cubic yards were re-
moved.

The total estimated amount of material to
be removed in the Central Division was 97,-
125,018 cubic yards, and up to December 1,

1910, 66,383,794 cubic yards had been re-
moved, leaving 30,741,044 cubic yards to be
removed in order to complete all excavation
in the Central Division. From these figures
it will be seen that 68.35 per cent of all exca-
vation in the Central Division had been com-
pleted up to the close of the month of Novem-
ber, and 31.65 per cent remained unfinished.

Considering the two sections which com-
pose the Central Division, the excavation com-
pleted and that to be completed at the close
of November operations was as follows:

CULEBRA SECTION.

Cubic Yards.

Completed 55,694.533

To becompleted 28,492.191

CHAGRES SECTION.

Completed 10,689,441

To be completed 2,248,853

From the above figures it will be seen that
the Culebra section, locally known as the
Culebra Cut, was 66.16 per cent completed,
with 33.84 per cent to be completed; the
Chagres section was 82.62 per cent completed,
with 17.38 per cent to be completed.

During the month, 3,420 cubic yards of
material were hauled from the Canal prism
and dumped in the embankment for the road-
bed of the relocated Panama railroad in the
vicinity of Pedro Miguel. The total amount
of spoil from the Central Division used for
this purpose at the close of the month was
3,718,248 cubic yards. The Central Division
also delivered at Gatun 189,110 cubic yards of
rock and earth for use in the construction of
the dam, making the total for this purpose at
the end of November 2,367,652 cubic yards.

The daily average number of laborers at
work on the whole division during the month
was 8,039, and the daily average number of
gold employes, 917.

Pacific Division.

DISTRICT NO. 1 — LOCKS AND DAMS.

The total excavation during the month



amounted to 20,036 cubic yards. During
November, no dry filling was added to the
prism of the west dam at Pedro Miguel, the
total amount of material in place at the close
of the month remaining at 260,852 cubic-
yards, as previously reported. The back fill
at Pedro Miguel was increased by 3,822 cubic
yards, the total in place at the end of the
month amounting to 22,098 cubic yards.
At Miraflores, 8,960 cubic yards were added
to the dry fill in the toes, and 47,444 cubic
yards to the hydraulic fill in the core of the
west dam, making the totals at the end of the
month 570,639 cubic yards and 226,031 cubic
yards, respectively. No material was added
to the back fill, leaving the total amount in



crane, derricks, dump cars or dumped from mixers
directly into forms.

Permanent plant consists of one berm crane operating
one boom.

Auxiliary plant consists of two 2-cubic yard mixers,
four i-cubic yard mixers and one 4-cubic yard mixer.

MIRAFLORES HANDLING PLANT.

Work on the west storage trestle at Mira-
flores was continued during the month. The
total of concrete and large stone laid was 23,-
871 cubic yards, as compared with 22,159
cubic yards during October.

DISTRICT NO. 2 — DREDGING.

The following is a statement of the output
of the five dredges in operation during the
month, and of the 'amount of material exca-
vated hydraulically:





Type.


Work.


Plant.


Total.






Earth.


Rock.


Earth.


Rock.


Remarks.




Dipper

Ladder

Ladder.. . .
Suction


Cu. Yds.

48,519

37.448

10.S75
289,757


Cu. Yds.
7.379
27,292

4,600


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.

55.898
64.740

133.181
15.475

2S9.757


Place measurement
Place measurement
Place measurement
Place measurement
Scow measurement










133,181






















Total


386,599
*47,444


39.271


133,181




559.051
47.444


























434,043


39,271


133,181




606.495











* Excavated from lower lock site at Miraflores.



place at the end of the month 133,545 cubic
yards.

OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS AT PEDRO MIGUEL.



.


Permanent


Auxiliary




Plant.


Plant.


Length of working day, (one








S.OO


8.00


Average number of hours per day






worked laying concrete and






large stone (actual working








6.75


4.73


Average number of mixers per








4.00


2.00


Average hourly output per mixer


Cu. Yds.


Cu. Yds.


(actual working time)


83.46


44.24


Average amount oi concrete and






large stone laid per hour per






chamber crane (actual work-








80.25


28.76








15.00


230.00




51,983.00


12.020.00






Total concrete laid


51,998.00


12,250.00



PEDRO MIGUEL HANDLING PLANT.

The excavation for the west wall in the
forebay was completed at the end of the month
and it was expected that the concrete mixer at
the south end of the west storage trestle would
be placed in operation during the early part of
December. The concrete work at Pedro
Miguel for November showed an increase of
2,826 cubic yards over the figures for October.
The total amount placed was 64,248 cubic
yards, including 245 cubic yards of large
stone.

OPERATION OF THE PERMANENT AND AUXILIARY CON-
CRETE CONSTRUCTION PLANTS AT MIRAFLORES.



Length of working day, (one day
of 1 2 hours) hours

Average number of hours per day-
worked laying concrete and
large stone (actual working
time)

Average number of mixers per
day

Average hourly output per mixer