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P. M.






P. M.

Proposals for Excavation, Gold Hill Line, Reloca-
tion, Panama Railroad.

Sealed proposals for railroad grading on the new line
of the relocation, Panama railroad, situated on the east
side of the Culebra Cut, opposite the towns of Empire
and Las Cascadas, will be received until 1 p. m.. Jan-
uary 16. at the office of the Chief Engineer. P. R. R.,
Colon, and then opened.

This excavation consists of two distinct sections, as

The first section, between station 1461 and station
1535, consisting of approximately 90.000 cubic yards.

The second section extends from station 1580 to
station 1700, and consists of approximately 110,000
cubic yards.

As time is an essential element, the contract for both
of the above sections will not be awarded to any one

Bids should be submitted on a flat price per cubic
yard of excavation, without classification, and should
contemplate finishing the work by August 1, 1911.

Full information will be furnished upon application
to the office of Chief Engineer, Panama railroad. The
railroad company reserves the right to reject any and
all bids.

Envelopes containing proposals should be endorsed
"Proposals for Railroad Grading. Gold Hill Line. Relo-
cation. Panama Railroad," and addressed to F. Mears.
Chief Engineer, P. R. R.. Cristobal. C. Z.

Proposals for Excavation, Obispo Diversion.

Office of Chief Quartermaster,

Culebra. C. Z-. December 23, 1910.
Sealed proposals for excavation of air ml 21,942 cubic
yards of earth, located between stations 1602 and 1612.
on the east bank of the Canal, will be received here until
1 p. m., January 10. 1911. and then opened. Full in-
formation will 1")'.' furnished by the Division Engineer.
Empire. Envelopes containing proposals must be en-
dorsed "Proposals for Excavation, Obispo Diversion."
and addressed to C. A. Devol, Chief Quartermaster.

Sale of Animals at Public Auction.

There will be sold at public auction by the district
quartermaster at Ancon I - /-. ll tne old corral, at 2
p, in.. Saturday, January 21. 191 1. to the highest bidder
for cash, the following Isthmian Canal Commission

Fifteen (15) mules, American; one (1) pony, native.

The Government reserves the right to accept or
reject any or all bids. For further information apply
to district quartermaster, Ancon C. Z.

C. A. Devol Chief Quartermaster.



Vol. IV., No. 19.


Duties of Inspector of Shops-

Culebra, C. Z., December 13, 1910.
Circular No. 339-A. (Superseding Circular No. 339) :

1. Effective this date, the duties of Maj. T. C. Dick-
son, Inspector of Shops, are as follows:

2. He will report directly to the Assistant to the
Chief Engineer.

3. His jurisdiction covers all shops of both the Isth-
mian Canal Commission and the Panama Railroad

4. As such he will exercise general supervision over,
and inspect the economical distribution of work, em-
ployes, and tools among the various shops; the erection
of new, and alterations of existing shops; the procure-
ment and installation of new tools and appliances in
shops; the adoption of standard shop methods and the
use of economical processes in the prosecution of mechan-
ical work; the observance of rules and circulars in
shops; the amount of superintendence in each shop, and
the competency thereof; and such other duties as may
be assigned to him from time to time.

5. He will advise with division and resident engineers
in charge of shops, and the General Superintendent
of the Panama Railroad Company; and will give in-
structions to the superintendent of the Mechanical
Division in regard to the duties with which he is charged.

6. He will give information to superintendents, mas-
ter mechanics, and foremen in direct charge of shops in
regard to approved shop methods, the use of economical
processes, the observance of rules and circulars, proper
shop discipline, methods of keeping cost of work, rela-
tive competency and amount of supervisory and clerical
force, and on matters relating to shop management.

7. He will be furnished with all information and data
he may require, which will be obtained in the most
direct manner and from original sources of information.

8. In addition to the above duties, his services in an
advisory capacity in connection with all mechanical
matters are available for use by the division engineers
and other officials whenever desired.

Geo. W. Goethals,
Chairman, Isthmian Canal Commission.
President, Panama Railroad Company.

to Gorgona shops, and that fact noted on the remaining
copies which will be sent to this office.

4. It is enjoined that future needs be anticipated as
much as possible, and that the date of delivery be fixed
as far in advance as the uninterrupted prosecution of
construction work will permit.

5. While sufficient employes will be kept on the night
shift under the Mechanical Division to reduce overtime
work to a minimum, it should be borne in mind that
night work is generally more expensive than that per-
formed in day time; therefore, rush work should be
requested only when necessary- For similar reasons,
overtime, including Sunday, work should be required
only in case of emergency, or when apparatus cannot
be spared for repairs at hours other than during over-
time hours and on Sundays.

Geo. W. Goethals.
Chairman, Isthmian Canal Commission.
President. Panama Railroad Company.


Duties of Traveling Engineer.

Culebra, C. Z.. December 29, 1910.
Circular No. 266-f:

Effective January 1, 1911, the duties and jurisdiction
of Traveling Engineer D. E, Irwin, as outlined in
Circular No. 266-D. dated July 11, 1910, are extended
to cover all marine equipment of the Isthmian Canal
Commission and Panama Railroad Company, except
vessels of the latter plying between Cristobal and New
York. Geo. W. Goethals,

Chairman, Isthmian Canal Commission.
President, Panama Railroad Company.

Manufacture of Material at Gorgona Shops.

Culebra. C. Z., December 12, 1910.
Circular No. 197-g:

1. In submitting requests for the manufacture of
material at the Gorgona shops on form 159 C. E., the
following rules in regard to indicating thereon the time
of delivery desired will be observed:

(a) When the material is required for ffuture use
the date on which it should be delivered will be stated
on the request for each item.

(b) When material is urgently required the word
"Rush" will be placed on the request. Such material
will be worked on 16hoursperday (Sundays excepted)
until completed.

(c) When an emergency exists that requires the
completion of the material at the earliest possible

date, the words " hours overtime per day

authorized" will be placed on the request, and if
Sunday work is desired, the words "including Sun-
days" will be added. The overtime authorized per
day will be in excess of the 16 hours worked by the
day and night shifts.

2. If material cannot be finished by the desired date
of delivery, even when worked on 16 hours per day, the
superintendent of the Mechanical Division will prompt-
ly notify the head of the division or department con-
cerned and request instructions as to whether or not
overtime is required.

Upon receipt of each work request the superin-
tendent of the Mechanical Division will determine
whether or not the work covered by it can be completed
by the date specified for its delivery without delaying
the delivery of other work under previous requests.
If the work cannot be finished within the time limit
without delaying other work beyond the date fixed for
its delivery, he will so inform the head of the division
or department concerned and arrange for such exten-
sion in delivery on that , or on some other work for that
division or department, as will enable specified dates of
delivery to be met.

3. In case early delivery is required, one copy of
form ISO C. E.. with drawines. should he sent direct

Lubricants on Locomotives.

Culebra, C. Z., January 1, 1911.
Circular No. 290-a. (Superseding Circular No. 290) :
Effective this date, the rules governing the issue and
use of lubricants on locomotives are revised, as follows:

1. Each engine will be furnished with one two-gallon
can marked for and containing one gallon of valve oil,
and with one two-gallon can marked for and containing
one gallon of engine oil. This oil will be considered
emergency oil, and will be used only in case of necessity.

2. The regular allowance for engines is, as follows:
Valve oil— Narrow gage engines. ... 1 pint per day»

AM other engines \\ pints per day.

Engine oil — French, narrow gage,
and small American

engines ? pints per day.

Large American engines. 3 pints per day.

Headlight oil 1 gallon per month.

Waste i-pound per day.

Engineers will be expected to exercise economy in the
use of oil, and if any saving can be made in the regular
allowance, the oil remaining should be put into the
emergency cans.

3. The foregoing allowance is based on a standard
working day For engines in service a greater number
of hou'-s, th »• regular allowance may be increased in pro-

4. Any headlight oil, in addition to the regular allow-
ance, required on account of night work, may be issued
on ticket signed by the engineer stating reason for which
oil is required. Engines equipped with electric head-
lights will be issued the necessary amount of dynamo
oil in one-gallon cans, and the engines will be equipped,
in addition, with a one-pint oiler.

5. White lead, graphite, tallow, and soap may be
issued in small quantities, when required, only on requi-
sition approved by one of the traveling engineers.

Geo. W. Goethals,
Chairman. Isthmian Canal Commission.
President, Panama Railroad Company.

Charges for Electricity.

Culebra. C. Z., December 30, 1' 10.
Circular No. 336-a. (Superseding Circular No 36):
Effective January 1. 1911. and until further notice,
charges for electric light and current furnished by the
Mechanical Division to all departments and divisions
will be as follows:

Per KilowUt
Month. Hour.

Each 16 c. p. lamp $0.45 S

Power and lights on meter basis,
where the Mechanical Division

does not furnish lamp renewals .03

Lights on meter basis, where lamp
renewals are furnished by the

Mechanical Division .04

Each 15 h. p. motor without meter 50.00

Each 10 h. p. motor without meter 30.00

Each 5 h. p. motor without meter. 15.00

Eacharclamp(sameasheretofore) 6.00

These rates do not apply to nor change the existing
charges for current furnished for private consumption.
Geo. W. Goethals,
Chairman and Chief Engineer.

Auction Sale of Dairy Cows.

On Wednesday, January IS, at 10 a. m., there will be
sold at public sale at the Ancon Hospital dairy, four
dairy cows, ranging in age from seven to 10 years. The
dairy is located near the insane asylum buildings in the
rear of the hospital grounds. The terms of the sale
will be cash.

Chas. F. Mason, Superintendent.

Ancon. C. Z.. December 28. 1910.

LOST— Thursday, December 29. either in railroad
station at Panama, or on the train leaving at 1.30 p. m.,
a gold brooch set with a small chip diamond. Kinder
please return to the station agent at Pedro Mieup) and
receive reward .

The following is a list of the sailings of the Panama
Railroad Steamship Company; of the Royal Mail Steam
Packet Company; of the Hamburg-American Line, and
of the United Fruit Company's Line, the Panama Rail-
road Company's dates being subject to change:


Advance P. R- R. . .Thursday... Dec. 29

Panama P. R. R. . .Wednesday. Jan. 4

Allianca P. R. R. ..Tuesday Jan. 10

Colon P. R. R. . .Monday Jan. 16

Advance P. R. R. . .Saturday. . .Jan. 21

Panama P. R. R. . .Saturday. . Jan. 28

Allianca P. R. R. ..Saturday. ...Feb. 4

Colon P. R. R. . .Friday Feb. 10

Advance P. R. R. - .Thursday ...Feb. 16

Panama P. R. R. . .Thursday ...Feb. 23

Allianca P. R. R . . . Wednesday . Mar. 1


Advance P. R. R. . .Tuesday. .. Jan. 10

Panama P. R. R. . .Monday Jan. 16

Allianca P. R. R. . .Monday Jan. 23

Colon P. R. R . . . Sunday .... Jan. 29

Advance P. R. R . . . Friday Feb. 3

Panama P. R. R . . . Friday Feb. 10

Allianca P. R. R. . .Thursday.. .Feb. 16

Colon P. R. R. . .Wednesday. Feb. 22

Advance P. R- R. . .Tuesday Feb. 28

Panama P. R. R. . .Tuesday Mar. 4

A fortnightly service of the Cristobal and Ancon will
be maintained as nearly as possible, leaving Cristobal
on or about the 11th and 28th of each month. Due
notice of the sailings of these ships from the Isthmus
will be given. On the outward voyage these ships sail
from the pier at the foot of 12th street, Hoboken, N. J.


Metapan U- F. C. . .Thursday. ..Dec. 29

Prinz Joachim H.-A Saturday . . . Dec. 3 1

Zacapa U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 5

Oruba R- M Saturday. .Jan. 7

Sibiria H.-A Saturday. . Jan. 7

Almirante U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 12

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm...H.-A Saturday. . Jan. 14

Santa Marta U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 19

Magdalena R. M Saturday . . . Jan. 2 1

Metapan U. F. C . . . Thursday. . . Jan. 26

Prizn Joachim H.-A Saturday. . Jan. 28

Zacapa U. F. C. . .Thursday.. .Feb. 2


Santa Marta U. F. C . . .Thursday. . Jan. 5

Magdalena R. M Monday Jan. 9

Sarnia .H.-A. Tuesday... Jan. 10

Metapan U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 12

Prinz Joachim H.-A Tuesday Jan. 17

Zacapa U. F C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 19

Clyde R- M Monday Jan. 23

Sibiria H.-A Tuesday Jan. 24

Almirante U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 26

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm...H.-A Tuesday Jan. 31

Santa Marta U. F. C . . .Thursday. ..Feb. 2


Abangarez U. F. C. . .Saturday. . .Dec. 31

Heredia U. F. C. . .Wednesday. Jan. 4

Atenaa U. F. C. . .Saturday. . .Jan. 7

Cartago U. F. C. . .Wednesday. Jan. 11

Turrialba U. F. C. . .Saturday. .Jan. 14

Parismina U. F. C. . .Wednesday. Jan. 18

Abangarez U. F. C . . . Saturday . . . Jan. 2 1


Turrialba U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 5

Parismina U. F. C . . . Thursday. . . Jan. 5

Abangarez U. F. C. . .Thursday. ..Jan. 12

Heredia U. F. C. . .Thursday. .Jan. 12

Atenas U. F. C . . . Thursday. . Jan. 1 9

Cartago U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 19

Turrialba U. F. C. . .Thursday. . Jan. 26

Parismina U. F. C . .Thursday.. Jan. 26


Oruba R. M Tuesday Jan. 17

The next sailing of the Leyland Line will be as fol-
lows: Cuban, on or about January 16. for New Orleans
via Kingston, Ja.

Hamburg-American steamers leave for New York
every Tuesday at 10 a. m.; for Jamaica every fortnight,
connecting there with steamers for all points in Cuba;
for Port Limon every Tuesday, direct, or by way of
Bocas del Toro.

Royal Mail steamers leave for New York on alternate
Mondays at 5 p. m.; for Southampton on alternate
Tuesdays at 10 a. m.

United Fruit Company's ships for New Orleans direct
leave on Thursday at 3 p.m.; for New Orleans via Port
Limon and Puerto Barrios on Thursday at 6 p. m.,
and for New York on Thursday at 11 a. m.

Sailings of the French line (Cie Generate Transatlan-
tique) for Venezuelan ports, Martinique and Guad-
eloupe on the VH anH ?Oth of *>ach month




Volume IV.

The Canal Record

Published weekly under the authority and supervision of
the Isthmian Canal Commission.

The Canal Record is issued free of charge, one copy
each, to all employes of the Commission and Panama
Railroad Company whose names are on the gold roll.
Extra copies and back numberscan be obtained from the
news stands of the Panama Railroad Company for five
cents each.

Address aU Communications


Ancon, Canal Zone,
Isthmus of Panama.

No communication, either for publication or requesting
information, will receive attention unless signed with the
full name and address of the writer.


Work on the Lock Gates.

The first shipment of materials for work on
the lock gates arrived on the Isthmus last
week on the St. Andrews from Baltimore,
consisting of 400 tons of equipment for hand-
ling the steel that will form the gates. This
equipment includes two truss bridges, 134
feet 6 inches in length and 11 feet wide, which
will be constructed over the lock chambers.
On these bridges will be a railroad track, on
which locomotive cranes will operate in
handling the steel for the gates from the ma-
terial yard alongside the locks. The bridges
will be so constructed that when one set of
gates is finished they can be moved from
their location over one set of gates to the loca-
tion of other gates. One 50-ton locomotive
crane, and another crane of less capacity, have
been erected by the contractors at Gatun, arid
the preparation of other handling equipment
is in progress. The first shipment of steel for
the gates is expected to leave the McClintic-
Marshall shops near Pittsburg by the 15th of
this month, and to arrive on the Isthmus early
in February.

Excavation in Approach to Gatun Locks.

Excavation in the approach to the lower
lock at Gatun was begun on January 3, when
the suction dredge Sandpiper passed down the
east diversion from the material basin at
Gatun, and began work on the 700.000 cubic
yards of earth that must be taken from the
site of the approach channel. The excava-
tion under the approach wall, which is a con-
tinuation of the center wall of the locks, must
go down to 50 feet below sea level, and that
in the approach channel, to 41 feet below sea
level. In order that the dredge may be able
to work to this depth, a dike will be built
across the entrance from the east diversion
channel into the basin, which will be excava-
ted on the site of the approach channel, and
the water in this pit will gradually be lowered
until the dredge has excavated to the re-
quired depth. Explorations by drill show
that there is only a small quantity of rock in
this section, and that most of the material can

he rpmovpn hy suction r]rpr\ge> Rvravation

on the site of the lower, or north locks, at Gatun
will be continued by steam shovel, while the
suction dredge is working in the approach
channel, and the two pits will be separated
by a bulkhead constructed for that purpose.

December Excavation in Central Division.

The excavation in the Canal prism for the
month of December, in the Central Division,
was 1,408,881 cubic yards, making the total
output for the calendar year of 1910, 18,552,-
961 cubic yards, the largest output in any
calendar year in this division since the com-
mencement of work by the United States.

The amount of material excavated during
the first six months of the calendar year,
January 1 to June 30, inclusive, which period
included the entire dry season, was 9,574,956
cubic yards. For the period from July 1 to
December 31, inclusive, which embraced the
rainiest months of the wet season, the output
was 8,978,005 cubic yards. For the calendar
year ending December 31, 1909, when the
next largest output was secured, the amount
of material excavated during the first half of
the year was 10,052,305 cubic yards, and
during the last half, 8,257,221 cubic yards,
the total for the year being 18,309,526 cubic
yards. It will thus be seen that, as compared
with the preceding calendar year, the greatest
relative gain in the output in 1910 was made
from July 1 to December 31, inclusive.

Dredging in Mindi Excavation Pit.

The suction dredge Sandpiper finished work
in the Canal basin at Mindi on December 31.
This work was originally a steam shovel job,
and the lowest shovel had reached a depth
of 41 feet below sea level when the pit was
flooded during the heavy rains and floods of
November, 1909.

Much of the rock was originally overlaid
with earth and mud that interfered consid-
erably with the operation of the steam shovels
in handling the rock. Prior to the flood, it
had been the intention to leave the removal
of those portions of the rock, which were
covered with the largest amount of earth,
to be done by dipper dredges, after the steam
shovels were withdrawn. When the pit was
flooded, advantage was taken of the oppor-
tunity to remove most of the overlying earth
with pipe line dredges. Suction dredges have
been sent into the flooded pit, and 401,511
yards of earth have been removed. Of this
amount, dredge No. 86 removed 181,847
cubic yards from October 24 up to and in-
cluding November 13, and the dredge Sand-
piper, 219,664 cubic yards from November 14
to December 31. There remain now about
510,000 cubic yards of rock to be excavated
by steam shovels. An isolated body of rock,
containing 41.000 cubic yard-, with 200,000
cubic yards of i ntervening and overlying earth ,
has been left to be removed by dredges, after
f he steam shovel work is completed.

A C3p from thp Frpnrh r-ana\ to thp pit will

be closed by an earth and rock dike, with sheet
pile core, after which pumps will be set at
work to unwater the balance. It is expected
that steam shovel- wi'l be again operated by
the first of February.

Records by Porto Bello Crusher.

The rock crusher at Porto Bello accom-
plished more work in December than in any
previous month, the output for the month
being 80,244 cubic yards. The plant worked
12 hours a day, and the great increase is due
to the installation of the new No. 21 crusher.
One result of this increased output is, that the
rock storage pile at Gatun Locks contains
50,000 cubic yards of crushed rock, the great-
est amount yet accumulated for this work,
representing a three weeks' supply.

On January 4, the crusher at Porto Bello
established a new daily record, when 4,255
cubic yards of rock were crushed in 12 hours.
This record is higher than that of any pre-
vious 12 hour or 16 hour day before the large
crusher was installed, and is only about 1,200
cubic yards less than the highest previous
daily record of 5,435 cubic yards in a day of
24 hours.

The sand storage pile at Gatun on Decem-
ber 31 contained 50.000 cubic yards of Nora-
bre de Dios sand.

A statement of the work done at the Porto
Bello crusher, by days, for the week ending
January 7, 1911, follows:




January 2—
January 3 .
January 4.
January 5 .
January 6 .
January' 1 .






Canal Zone Highway at Miraflores.

The section of the Canal Zone highway be-
tween Miraflores and the Cardenas River,
over the Miraflores dumps, has been laid off,
and roadbuilding from the Miraflores end was
begun a few days ago. With the closing of
this gap, and the completion of the unfinished
section of road between Pedro Miguel and
Miraflores, there will be a continuous high-
way between Panama and Gorgona, a dis-
tance, measured by this route, of about 20
miles. It is expected that these sections will
be ready for traffic by the end of the dry

The road south from the Miraflores ridge
crosses a flat to the beginning of the dumps
and the subgrade through this section was
completed two week ago. It continues to
the top on a six per cent grade, and from that
point to the Cardenas River will cross but
one dump track, and the location of this
track will not change. For nearly a mile over
thp top of thp Humps thp surfare is practically



Vol. IV., No. 20.



level, and there will be only the ordinary gra-
ding to do. Near the south end, there is a high
ridge of spoil, which will be cut through and
the material utilized in making a fill between
the edge of the dumps and the Cardenas River
bridge. This bridge will be 35 feet long, out to
out, with a floor of reinforced concrete, resting
upon two concrete abutments, one on either
side of the river bed, with their foundations on
rock. The floor of the bridge will be about
five feet above the present water level, the
extending of a part of the dumps across the
old bed of the river at a point below, having
forced back the water and caused the forma-
tion of a small lake. South of the Cardenas
River, the road is completed into Corozal, and
will be used for the transportation by wagon
of the materials required in the construction
of the bridge. Convict labor is employed in
this roadbuilding.

The trestles spanning the valleys of the

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