Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

Canal Record (Volume 4 no.1-52) online

. (page 66 of 168)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

was won by the negative.

Six teams are entered in the local bowling league.

At the meeting of the literary society on the 20th,
there will be a discussion on "Home reading." The
discussion will be led by Mark Hall.

Gray's orchestra of Colon presented an attractive
program before a good-sized audience on Monday even-
ing, January 16.

The next moving picture entertainment will be on
Thursday evening, January 19.

Physical Director Warr sailed for the Isthmus on the
16th. Immediately upon his return, he will make plans
for reopening the gymnasium classes.

"Men of steel" is the title of a course in Bible study
to be opened on Sunday morning, January 22, at 9
o'clock. The course will be taught by the secretary of
the clubhouse.

The clubhouse has purchased a small phonograph for
use during such times as the Victrola is being repaired.

GORGONA.

A new beginners' class in Spanish will be formed on
Thursday night, January 19, at 7 p. m. The interme-
diate class will meet from 8 to 9 p. m., Monday and
Thursday; the beginners' class from 7 to 8, Monday and
Thursday; the advanced class, Tuesday and Thursday
from 7.15 to 8 p.m. A class will be formed for men and
women who want to learn the language.

A moving picture show will be held Friday, January
20, in.the game room at 8.15 p. m. Admission 25 cents;
members free.

The discussion club will hold an open meeting for men
and women on Wednesday night at 7.30 p. m. The
discussion will be "Should women vote." Mr. Ben-
nick of Corozal will lead.

The lecture by Mr. Frank E. Jackson on the "Princes
and ruling chiefs and their palaces in India," was well
attended. The pictures shown were taken by Mr. Jack-
son during a four year stay in India.

E. C. Soule of Gatun will give an address on "Univer-
sal peace" at the monthly song service on January 22.
at 8.15 p. m. Admission is free.

GATUN.

There will be a meeting of the citizens of Gatun at the
clubhouse on Saturday night, January 21, at 8 o'clock,
to consider the proposition of providing a playground
and athletic field in Gatun. The various organizations,
clubs, and fraternal societies are invited to send repre-
sentatives.

Thv membership committpe has decided tn continue



its weekly meetings until after the campaign closes on
February 1, when its meetings will be held bimonthly.

Three new members were added to the glee club, and
two new members were added to the mechanical draw-
ing class, during the past week.

Messrs. Huber, Wilson, Phillips, Purdy, Collier, and
McHie are especially interested in wrestling. There
will be some interesting bouts in the near future.

In the two-man duckpin tournament, the teams hav-
ing a score of 550, and over, are as follows : DePoorter and
Barte, 569; Bull and Barte, 569; Durand and DeMoII.
564, Duryea and Barte, 561; C. R. Harrington and
DeMoll,555; Luckey and Barte, 551 ; Severn and Barte,
550; Dillon and Barte, 555.

Ten sets of Staunton chessmen recently ordered from
the States have arrived and a tournament will be started
this week.

CRISTOBAL.

An effort will be made by the membership committee
of the Cristobal association to increase the membership
to 450. The men who enjoy bowling are especially
interested in this movement, for the reason that two
additional alleys will be authorized for the Cristobal
association, when the membership passes the 450 mark.

The glee club of the Cristobal association, under the
leadership of A. B. Dickson, meets every Tuesday at
■8 p. m. The average attendance has been about 18,
but there is room for more voices.

On Thursday evening, January 19. there will be a
meeting of all those interested in the field and track
meet which will be held at Empire on February 22.
All interested in athletics should be present at this
meeting.

Cristobal bowlers won two out of three games from
the Gatun team on Saturday night, January 14. Fol-
lowing are the scores:



Cristobal.

Barrett 211 198 171

Blackburn... 170 163 173

Burns 184 159 135

Bullard 158 160 1SS



Thomas 161 160 186 Barte



Gatun.

Severn 188 190 146

Wolf 145 176 187

DeMoll. . . 184 151 177
Harrington 137 173 153



215 208 175



Total 884 840 853 Total. . Marta U. F. C. . . Thursday ... Feb 16

Thames R. M Saturday . . . Feb 18

COLON TO NEW YORK.

Zacapa U. F C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 19

Orotava R. M Monday. . . Jan. 23

Sibiria H.-A Tuesday Jan. 24

Almirante U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 26

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm. . .H.-A Tuesday Jan. 31

Santa Marta U. F. C. . . Thursday ... Feb. 2

Thames R. M Monday Feb. 6

Sarnia H.-A Tuesday. . . .Feb. 7

Metapan U. F. C . . .Tuesday ....Feb. 9

Prinz Joachim H.-A Wednesday. Feb. 14

Zacapa U. F. C. . .Thursday... Feb. 16

Tagus R. M Monday Feb. 20

NEW ORLEANS TO COLON.

Cartago U. F. C. . .Wednesday. Jan. 11

Turrialba U. F. C. . .Saturday. .Jan. 14

Parismina U. F. C . . . Wednesday . Jan. 18

Abangarez U. F. C. . .Saturday. . Jan. 21

Heredia U. F. C . . . Wednesday Jan. 25

Atenas U. F. C. . .Saturday. . Jan. 28

Cartago U. F. C. . . Wednesday . Feb. 1

COLON TO NEW ORLEANS.

Atenas U. F. C . . .Thursday.. Jan. 19

Cartago U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 19

Turrialba U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 26

Parismina U. F. C. . .Thursday.. Jan. 26

Abangarez U. F. C. . .Thursday . .Feb. 12

Heredia U. F. C. . .Thursday . .Feb. 12

COLON TO BARBADOS, CALLING AT TRINIDAD.

Magdalena R- M Tuesday Jan. 31

Orotava R. M Tuesday Feb, 14

The next sailing of the Leyland Line will be as fol-
lows: William Cliff on or about January 28, for New
Orleans via Kingston, Ja.

Hamburg-American steamers leave for New York
every Tuesday at 10 a. m. ; for Jamaica every fortnight,
connecting there with steamers for all pointslin Cuba;
for Port Limon every Tuesday, direct, or by way of
Bocas del Toro.

Royal Mail steamers leave for New York on alternate
Mondays at 5 p. m.; for Southampton on alternate
Tuesdays at 10 a. m.

United Fruit Company's ships for New Orleans direct
leave on Thursday at 3 p. m. ; for New Orleans via Port
Limon and Puerto Barrios on Thursday at 6 p. m.,
and for New York on Thursday at 1 1 a. m.

Sailings of the French line (Cie Generate Transatlan-
tique) for Venezuelan ports, Martinique and Guad-
MniiDP on the 3d and 2fltb of each month



LAWS GOVERNING NAVIGATION



OF THE



PANAMA CANAL



(Part II of The Canal Record, January 18, 1911



Rules for the Navigation of the Panama Canal

and Approaches thereto, Including all Waters

under the Jurisdiction of the Isthmian

Canal Commission.



In the following rules every steam vessel, which is under
sail and not under steam, is to be considered a sailing
vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail
or not, is to be considered a steam vessel.

The words steam vessel and steamer shall include any
vessel propelled by machinery.

A vessel is under way, within the meaning of these rules,
when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or
aground.

Risk of collision can, when circumstances permit, be
ascertained by carefully watching the compass bearing of
an approaching vessel. If the bearing does not appre-
ciably change, such risk should be deemed to exist.
Signals. The whistle signals provided in these rules shall be

sounded on an efficient whistle or siren sounded by steam
or by some suitable substitute for steam.

A short blast of the whistle shall mean a blast of about
one second's duration.

A prolonged blast of the whistle shall mean a blast of
from four to six seconds' duration.

One short blast of the whistle signifies intention of or
assent to steamer first giving the signal to direct course to
own starboard, except when two steamers are approaching
each other at right angles or obliquely, when it signifies
intention of steamer which is to starboard of the other to
hold course and speed.

Two short blasts of the whistle signify intention of or
assent to steamer first giving the signal to direct course to
own port, except when two steamers are approaching each
other at right angles or obliquely, when the signal signifies
desire of or assent to steamer which is to the port of the
other to cross the bow of steamer to starboard.

Three short blasts of the whistle shall mean, "My engines
are going at full speed astern."

When vessels are in sight of one another, a steam vessel
under way whose engines are going at full speed astern
shall indicate that fact by three short blasts on the whistle.

Rule 1. If, when steam vessels are approaching each
other, either vessel fails to understand the course or inten-
tion of the other, from any cause, the vessel so in doubt
shall immediately signify the same by giving several short
and rapid blasts, not less than four, of the steam whistle,
the danger signal.

Whenever the danger signal is given, the engines of both
steamers shall be stopped and backed until the headway of
the steamers has been fully checked; nor shall the engines
of either steamer be again started ahead until the steamers
can safely pass each other, and the proper signals for pass-
ing have been given, answered, and understood.

Rule 2. Steam vessels are forbidden to use what has be-
come technically known among pilots as "cross signals" —
that is, answering one whistle with two, and answering
two whistles with one. In all cases, and under all circum-
stances, a pilot receiving either of the whistle signals pro-
vided in these rules, which, for any reason he deems
injudicious to comply with, instead of answering it with a
cross signal, shall at once sound the danger signal and
observe the rule applying thereto (Rule 1).

Rule 3. The signals for passing, by the blowing of the
whistle, shall be given and answered by pilots, in compli-
ance with these rules, not only when meeting "head and
head," or nearly so, but at all times, when the steam vessels
are in sight of each other, when passing or meeting at a
distance within a half mile of each other, and whether
passing to the starboard or port.

The whistle signals provided in the rules for steam
vessels meeting, passing, or overtaking, are never to be
used except when steamers are in sight of each other, and



the course and position of each can be determined in the
day time by a sight of the vessel itself, or by night by seeing
its signal lights. In fog, mist, or heavy rain storms, when
vessels cannot see each other, fog signals only must be
given.

Rule 4. When steam vessels are approaching each other Situations
head and head — -that is, end on, or nearly so, it shall be the
duty of each to pass on the port side of the other; and
either vessel shall give, as a signal of her intention, one
short and distinct blast of her whistle, which the other
vessel shall answer promptly by a similar blast of her
whistle, and thereupon such vessels shall pass on the port
side of each other. But if the courses of such vessels are
so far on the starboard of each other as not to be considered
as meeting head and head, either vessel shall immediately
give two short and distinct blasts of her whistle, which the
other vessel shall answer promptly with two similar blasts
of her whistle, and they shall pass on the starboard side
of each other.

The foregoing only applies to cases where vessels are
meeting end on, or nearly end on, in such manner as to
involve risk of collision; in other words, to cases in which,
by day, each vessel sees the masts of the other in a line,
or nearly in a line, with her own, and by night, to cases in
which each vessel is in such a position as to see both the
side lights of the other.

It does not apply by day to cases in which a vessel sees
another ahead crossing her own course, or by night to cases
where the red light of one vessel is opposed to the red light
of the other, or where the green light of one vessel is
opposed to the green light of the other, or where a red
light without a green light or a green light without a red
light, is seen ahead, or where both green and red lights
are seen anywhere but ahead.

Rule 5. Whenever a steam vessel is nearing a short bend
or curve in the channel, where, from the height of the banks
or other cause, a steam vessel approaching from the oppo-
site direction cannot be seen for a distance of half a mile,
such steam vessel, when she shall have arrived within
half a mile of such curve or bend, shall give a signal by one
long blast of the steam whistle, which signal shall be
answered by a similar blast, given by any approaching
steam vessel that may be within hearing. Should such
signal be answered by a steam vessel upon the farther side
of such bend, then the usual signals for meeting and passing
shall immediately be given and answered; but, if the first
alarm signal of such vessel be not answered, she is to con-
sider the channel clear, and govern herself accordingly.

When steam vessels are moved from their docks or berths,
and other boats are liable to pass from any direction toward
them, they shall give the same signal as in the case of ves-
sels meeting at a bend, but immediately after clearing the
berths so as to be fully in sight, they shall be governed by
the steering and sailing rules.

Rule 6. When steam vessels are running in the same
direction, and the vessel which is astern shall desire to pass
on the right or starboard hand of the vessel ahead, she
shall give one short blast of the steam whistle, as a signal
of such desire, and if the vessel ahead answers with one
blast, she shall put her helm to port; or if she shall desire
to pass on the port or left side of the vessel ahead, she shall
give two short blasts of the steam whistle as a signal of
such desire, and if the vessel ahead answers with two
blasts, shall put her helm to the starboard; or if the
vessel ahead does not think it safe for the vessel astern to
attempt to pass at that point, she shall immediately sig-
nify the same by giving several short and rapid blasts of
the steam whistle, not less than four, and under no cir-



cumstances shall the vessel astern attempt to pass the
vessel ahead until such time as they have reached a point
where it can be safely done, when said vessel ahead shall
signifv her willingness by blowing the proper signals. The
vessel ahead shall in no case attempt to cross the bow or
crowd upon the course of the passing vessel.

All steamers under way in the channel of the Canal shall
proceed, either up or down the channel, as close to the
starboard or right hand side of said channel as safety will
allow. Vessels overtaking above named craft shall blow
two blasts of the steam whistle, and upon receiving the
proper response, shall pass the overtaken vessel on the
port or left hand side, leaving the overtaken vessel on the
starboard or right side

Every vessel coming up with another vessel from any
direction more than two points abaft her beam — that is,
in such a position with reference to the vessel which she is
overtaking that at night she would be unable to see either
of that vessel's side lights, shall be deemed to be an over-
taking vessel; and no subsequent alteration of the bearing
between the two vessels shall make the overtaking vessel
a crossing vessel within the meaning of these rules, or
relie\*e her of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken
vessel until she is finally passed and clear. As by day the
overtaking vessel cannot always know with certainty
whether she is forward of or abaft this direction from the
other vessel she should, if in doubt, assume that she is
an overtaking vessel and keep out of the way.

Rule 7. When two steamers are approaching any bend in
the channel of the Canal or its harbors or approaches, side
by side, or nearly so. running in the same direction, the
steamer on the right or starboard side of the other shall
have the right of way, and the steamer on the left or port
side shall check her way and drop astern, and the steamer
on the port side of the other shall keep at a safe distance
astern (not less than three lengths) until both steamers
have fully passe 1 the bend and are again in the straight
channel.

Rule 8. When two steamers are approaching each other
al right angles or obliquely so as to involve risk of collison,
other than when one steamer is overtaking another, the
steamer which has the other on her own port side shall hold
her course and speed; and the steamer which has the other
on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way of the
other by directing her course to starboard so as to cross
the stern of the other steamer, or, if necessary to do so,
slacken her speed, or stop, or reverse. The steamer having
the other on her own port bow shall blow one blast of her
whistle as a signal of her intention to cross the bow of the
other, holding her course and speed, which signal shall be
promptly answered by the other steamer by one short
blast of her whistle as a signal of her intention to direct
her course to starboard so as to cross the stern of the other
steamer or otherwise keep clear.

If from any cause whatever the conditions covered by
this situation are such as to prevent immediate compliance
with each other's signals, the misunderstanding or objec-
tion shall at once be made apparent by blowing the danger
signal, and both steamers shall be stopped and backed, if
necessary, until signals for passing with safety are made
and understood.

Rule 9. When a steam vessel and a sailing vessel are pro-
ceeding in such directions as to involve the risk of collision,
the steam vessel shall keep out of the way of the sailing
vessel.

Rule 10. Every steam vessel which is directed by these
rules to keep out of the way of another vessel, shall, if the
circumstances of the case permit, avoid crossing ahead of
the other.

Rule 11. In narrow channels every steam vessel shall,
when it is safe and practicable, keep to that side of the fair-
way or midchannel which lies on the starboard side of such
vessel.

Rule 12. In obeying and construing these rules due regard
shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision, and to
any special circumstances which may render a departure
from the above rules necessary in order to avoid immediate
danger.
Sound signals Rule 13. In fog, mist, or heavy rainstorms, whether by
- fugs, etc. ^ a y or njght^ signals shall be given as follows:

A steam vessel under way, except when lowing other vessels,



or being towed, shall sound, at intervals of not more than one
minute, on the whistle or siren, a prolonged blast.

A steam vessel when towing other vessels shall sound, at
intervals of not more than one minute, on the whistle or
siren, three blasts in succession, namely — one prolonged
blast followed by two short blasts.

Sea-going dredges when dredging in a fog shall give four
blasts in succession — one prolonged blast followed by
three short blasts.

A vessel lowed may give, at intervals of not more than
one minute, on the fog horn, a signal of three blasts in
succession, namely — one prolonged blast followed by two
short blasts, and she shall not give any other.

A vessel when at anchor shall, at intervals of not more than
one minute, ring the bell rapidly for about five seconds.

Rule 14. Every steam vessel shall, in a fog, mist, or Snceil to be
heavy rainstorm, go at a moderate speed, having careful fog, eta.""
regard to the existing circumstances and conditions.

A steam vessel hearing, apparently forward of her beam,
the fog signal of a vessel, the position of which is not ascer-
tained, shall, as far as the circumstances of the case admit,
stop her engines, and then navigate with caution until
danger of collision is over.

Rule 15. On steam and other motor vessels of over 100 P° stin g nf
gross tons, two copies of the placard form of these rules
(Form B. L. I.) shall be kept posted up in conspicuous
places in the vessel, one copy of which shall be kept posted
up in the pilot house. On steam and other motor vessels
of 25 gross tons and not over 100 gross tons, two copies of
the placard form of these rules shall be kept on board, one
copy of which shall be kept post :d in the piloc house. On
steam and other motor vessels of 25 gross tons and tinder,
and of more than 10 gross tons, two copies of the placard
form of the rules shall be kept on board, and, where practi-
cable, one copy thereof shall be kept conspicuously posted
up in the vessel. On steam and other motor vessels of not
more than 10 gross tons, two copies of the pamphlet form
of the rules shall be kept on board, and, where practicable,
one copy thereof shall be kept conspicuously posted up in
the vessel.

Rule 16. Ferry boats, propelled by machinery, and navi- Lights to be
gating the waters of the Canal Zone, shall carry the range ferryboat on
lights and the side lights required bv law to bz carried on all waters
,t„, m vpaopis nnder tiie

steam vessels. jurisdiction

Rule 17. Barges, canal boats, scows, and lighters being ol t lie 1st n-
towed astern of steam vessels, when towing singly or what ('' > iii'm i ss 1 ? t> n
is known as tandem towing, shall each carry a white light Lights i« lie
on the bow and a white light on the stern. bar^ Canal

When towed with a hawser two or more abreast, when in boa s, scows,
one tier, they shall carry a white light on the bow and a white jJejV'fo'wed
light on the stern of each of the outside boats; when in astern of
more than one tier, each of the outside boats shall carry a vessels,
white light on its bow; and the outside boats in the last
tier shall each carry, in addition, a white light on the outer
after part of the stern.

Barges, etc., towed alongside a steam vessel, if on the
starboard side of said steam vessel, shall display a white
light on her own starboard bow, and if on the port side of
said steam vessel, shall display a white light on her own
port bow; and if there is more than one barge or canal boat
alongside, the white lights shall be displayed from the out-
board side of the outside barge or canal boat.

When barges, etc., are in tiers and towed at a hawser,
there shall be carried on the forward port side of each tier
a white light, and on the forward starboard side of the star-
board boat in each tier a white light, and on the after port
side of the port boat in the stern tier a white light, and on
the after starboard side of the starboard tier a white light.

Rule 18. Rafts propelled by hand power, or by the cur-
rent of the river or tide, or which shall be anchored or
moored in or near the channel or fairway, or proceeding
in tow of a steam vessel, shall carry one white light on each
outside corner of the raft, making four lights in all.

Row boats and cayucos, whether under oars or sail,
shall carry a white light, visible all around the horizon,
at an elevation above the surface of the water of at least
three (3) feet.

The white light required by these rules for rafts and
other water craft shall be carried from sunset to sunrise,



whistle.



lights, etc.



in a lantern so constructed as to show a clear, uniform, and

unbroken light, visible all around the horizon, and of such

intensity as to be visible on a dark night with a clear

atmosphere at a distance of at least one mile. The lights

for rafts shall be suspended so that the lights shall not be

less than eight (8) feet above the surface of the water.

Rule relating Rule 19. Any master or pilot of any steam vessel who

'-"■■!!■' bights sna " nash or caused to be flashed the rays of the search-

' light into the pilot house of a passing vessel shall be deemed

guilty of misconduct and shall be liable to have his license

suspended or revoked.

Rule prohibit- Rule 20. Unnecessary sounding of the steam whistle is

'™ S """nd- 8 P ro,lib!tecl within any harbor limits of the Canal Zone.

ingof he Whenever any licensed officer in charge of any steamer

authorizes or permits such unnecessary whistling, upon

conviction thereof before the board of local inspectors

having jurisdiction, such officer shall be suspended from

acting under his license as the inspectors trying the case

deem proper.

Knleseon- Rule 21. The word "visible" in these rules, when applied

periling to lights, shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear

atmosphere.

Rule 22. The rules concerning lights shall be complied
with in all weathers fr im sunset to sunrise, and during
such time no other lights which may be mistaken for the
prescribed lights shall be exhibited.

Rule 23. A steam vessel when under way shall carry:

(a) On or in front of the foremast, or, if a vessel without
a foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, a bright
white light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over