Isthmian Canal Commission (U.S.).

Canal Record (Volume 4 no.1-52) online

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an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so
fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the
vessel, namely — from right ahead to two points abaft the
beam on either side, an 1 of such a character as to be visible
at a distance of at least five miles.

(b) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as
to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten
points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from
right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard
side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of
at least two miles.

(c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show
an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points
of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right
ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of
such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least
two miles.

(d) The said green and red side lights shall be fitted with
inboard screens projecting at least three feet forward from
the light, so as to prevent these lights from being seen
across the bow.

(e) A sea-going steam vessel when under way shall carry
an additional white light similar in construction to the
light mentioned in subdivision (a). These two lights shall
be so placed in line with the keel that one shall be at least
15 feet higher than the other, and in such a position with
reference to each other that the lower light shall be forward
of the upper one. The vertical distance of these lights
shall be less than the horizontal distance.

Rule H. A steam vessel when towing another vessel
shall, in addition to her side lights, carry two white bright
lights in a vertical line one over the other, not less than three
feet apart, and when towing more than one vessel, shall
carry an additional bright white light three feet above or
below such lights, if the length of the tow measuring from
the stern of the towing vessel to the stern of the last vessel
towed exceeds 600 feet. Each of the lights shall be of the
same construction and character, and shall be carried in
the same position as the white light mentioned in Rule 23.

Such steam vessel may carry a small white light abaft
the funnel or aftermast for the vessel towed to steer by,
but such light shall not be visible forward of the beam.

Rule 25. A sailing vessel under way or being towed shall
carry the same lights as are prescribed by Rule 23 for a
steam vessel under way, with the exception of the white
lights mentioned therein, which they shall never carry.

Rule 26. Whenever, as in the case of vessels of less than
10 gross tons under way during bad weather, the green and
red side lights cannot be fixed, these lights shall be kept
at hand lighted and ready for use; and, shall, on the ap-
proach of or to other vessels be exhibited on their respective



sides in sufficient time to prevent collision, in such manner
as to make them most visible, and so that the green light
shall not be seen on the port side nor the red light on the
starboard side, nor, if practicable, more than two points
abaft the beam on their respective sides. To make the
use of these portable lights more certain and easy, the lan-
terns containing them shall each be painted outside with
the color of the light they respectively contain, and shall
be provided with proper screens.

Rule 27. Pilot vessels when engaged on their station on
pilotage duty shall not show the lights required for other
vessels, but shall carry a white light at the masthead,
visible all around the horizon, and shall also exhibit a flare-
up light or flare-up lights at short intervals, which shall
never exceed 15 minutes.

A steam pilot vessel when engaged on pilotage duty
and not at anchor shall, in addition to the lights required
for all pilot vessels, carry at a distance of eight feet below
her white masthead light a red light, visible all around the
horizon and of such a character as to be visible on a dark
night with a clear atmosphere at a distance of at least two
miles, and also the colored side lights required to be carried
by vessels when under way.

When engaged on her station on pilotage duty and at
anchor, she shall carry in addition to the lights required
for all pilot boats, the red light above mentioned, but not
the colored side lights

Rule 28. (a) Fishing vessels having less than 10 gross
tons when under way, and not having their nets, trawls,
dredges or lines in the water, shall carry the usual white
light eight feet above the deck and shall have ready at
hand a lantern with a green glass on one side and a red
glass on the other side, and on approaching to or being
approached by another vessel, such lantern shall be ex-
hibited in sufficient time to prevent collision, so that the
green light shall not be seen on the port side nor the red
light on the starboard side.

(b) All fishing vessels and fishing boats of ten gross tons
or upward, when under way and when not having their
nets, trawls, dredges, or lines in the water, shall carry and
show the same lights as other vessels under way.

(c) All vessels, when trawling, dredging, or fishing with
any kind of dragnets or lines, shall exhibit, from some part
of the vessel where they can be best seen, two lights. One
of these lights shall be red and the other shall be white.
The red light shall be above the white light, and shall be
at a vertical distance from it of not less than six feet and not
more than 12 feet; and the horizontal distance between
them, if any, shall not be more than 10 feet. These two
lights shall be of such a character and contained in lanterns
of such construction as to be visible all around the horizon,
the white light a distance not less than" three miles and the
red light of not less than two miles.

Rule 29. A vessel which is being overtaken by another
shall show from her stern to such last mentioned vessel a
white light or a flare-up light.

Rule 30. A vessel under 150 feet in length when at
anchor, shall carry forward, where it can best be seen, but
at a height not exceeding 20 feet above the hull, a white
light in a lantern constructed so as to show a clear,
uniform, and unbroken light visible all around the horizon
at a distance of at least one mile.

A vessel of 150 feet or upwards in length when at anchor
shall carry in the forward part of the vessel, at a height of
not less than 20 and not exceeding 40 feet above the hull,
one such light, and at or near the etern of the vessel, and
at such a height that it shall be not less than 15 feet lower
than the forward light, another such light.

The length of the vessel shall be deemed to be the length
appearing in her certificate of registry.

Rule 31. Every vessel may, if necessary, in order to
attract attention, in addition to the lights which she is by
these rules required to carry, show a flare-up light or use
any detonating signal that cannot be mistaken for a dis-
tress signal.

Rule 32. Nothing in these rules shall interfere with the
operation of any special rules made by the government of
any nation with respect to additional station and signal
lights for two or more ships of war or for vessels sailing
under convoy, or with the exhibition of recognition signals



adopted by shipowners, which have been authorized by
their respective governments, and duly registered and
published.

Rule 33. A steam vessel proceeding under sail only, but
having her funnel up, may carry in daytime, forward,
where it can best be seen, one black ball or shape two feet
in diameter.

Sea-going suction dredges when under way and dredging,
shall carry besides the lights prescribed for steamers under
way, between the two masts where they can best be seen,
two red lights, approximately the same height as the mast-
head light of a steamer, in a vertical line one over the other,
not less than six feet apart and of such a character as to be
visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least two
miles; and shall by day carry between the two masts where
they can best be seen, in a vertical line one over the other
not less than six feet apart, two black balls or shapes, each
two feet in diameter.

Sea-going suction dredges, when dredging is stopped, and
the dredge is proceeding either to or from her dumping
ground, either loaded or light, shall at night extinguish
the two red lights, and by day, lower the black balls.

Sea-going suction dredges, while actually engaged in
dredging, as shown by the black balls or red lights, above,
shall have right of way over all other vessels; but when not
dredging, as shown by the absence of the black balls or
red lights, shall observe all rules, and have no special
privilege.

Rule 34. All boats of whatever character conveying

high explosives shall carry a red flag in the day time and a

red light at night, in addition to the regular lights.

Sound signals R u l e 35. All signals prescribed by this article for vessels

tor tog, aud , i_ n i_ •

so forth. under way shall be given:

1. By "steam vessels" on the whistle or siren.

2. By "sailing vessels" and "vessels towed" on the fog
horn.

The words "prolonged blast" used in this article shall
mean a blast of from four to six seconds' duration.

A steam vessel shall be provided with an efficient whistle
or siren, sounded by steam, or by some substitute for steam,
so placed that the sound may not be intercepted by any
obstruction, and with an efficient fog horn; also with an
efficient bell. A sailing vessel of twenty tons gross ton-
nage or upward shall be provided with a similar fog horn
and bell.

In fog, mist, or heavy rain storms, whether by day or
night, the signals prescribed in this article shall be used as
follows, namely;

(a) A sailing vessel under way shall sound, at intervals
of not more than one minute, when on the starboard tack,
one blast; when on the port tack, two blasts in succession,
and when the wind is abaft the beam, three blasts in suc-
cession.

(b) A steam vessel when towing, shall, instead of the
signals prescribed in subdivision (a) of this article, at inter-
vals of not more than one minute, sound three blasts in
succession, namely — one prolonged blast followed by two
short blasts. A vessel towed may give this signal and she
shall not give any other.

(c) All rafts or other water craft, not herein provided
for, navigated by hand power, horse power, or by current
of the river, shall sound a blast of the fog horn, or equiva-
lent signal, at intervals of not more than one minute.

Rule 36. Preliminary — Risk of collision. When two
sailing vessels are approaching one another, so as to involve
risk of collision, one of them shall keep out of the way of
the other, as follows, namely:

(a) A vessel which is running free shall keep out of the
way of a vessel which is close-hauled.

(b) A vessel which is close-hauled on the port tack shall
keep out of the way of a vessel which is close-hauled on the
starboard tack.

(c) When both are running free, with the wind on differ-
ent sides, the vessel which has the wind on the port side
shall keep out of the way of the other.

(d) When both are running free, with the wind on the
same side, the vessel which is to the windward shall keep
out i if the way of the vessel which is to the leeward.

(e) A vessel which has the wind aft shall keep out of
the way of the other vessel.

Rule 37. Where, by any of these rules, one of the two



Steering ami

Sailingliiile!-



vessels is to keep out of the way, the other shall keep her
course and speed.

Rule 38. Every steam vessel which is directed by these
rules to keep out of the way of another vessel shall, on
approaching her, if necessary, slacken her speed or stop
or reverse.

Rule 39. Notwithstanding anything contained in these
rules every vessel, overtaking another, shall keep out of
the way of the overtaken vessel.

Rule 40. Sailing vessels under way shall keep out of the
way of sailing vessels or boats fishing with nets, or lines,
or trawls. This rule shall not give to any vessel or boat
engaged in fishing the right of obstructing a fairway used
by vessels other than fishing vessels or boats.

Rule 41 . Nothing in these rules shall exonerate any ves-
sel, or the owner or master or crew thereof, from all the
consequences of any neglect to carry lights or signals, or of
any neglect to keep a proper lookout, or of the neglect of
any precaution which may be required by the ordinary-
practice of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the
case.

Rule 42. When a vessel is in distress and requires assis- Distress sig-
tance from other vessels or from the shore, the following " a s '
shall be the signals to be used or displayed by her, either
together or separately, namely:

A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus, or In the day
firing a gun. ,irae '

First. Flames on the vessel as from a burning tar At night
barrel, oil barrel, and so forth.

Second. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal
apparatus, or firing a gun.

Third. Rockets or shells showing stars, fired one at a
time at short intervals.



Rules for Government of Craft on the Navigable

Waters of the Canal Zone, including all

waters under the Jurisdiction of the

Isthmian Canal Commission.

Rule 43. Every barge, lighter, canal boat, or scow that
is moored alongside of any ship or another barge, or to the
side of the Canal, or to any wharf, or lying at anchor on
navigable waters of the Canal Zone, shall show between
the hours of sunset and sunrise, a white light on the bow and
stern, at least three feet above the deck of said vessel, and
not less than eight feet from the bow and stern thereof.

Rule 44. When lighters, barges, scows, or canal boats
are tied or moored along any wharf, or along the shore in
any channel in the navigable waters of the Canal Zone,
including the Canal and approaches thereto, it shall be
unlawful to moor them more than two deep, thereby ob-
structing the channel.

Rule 45. When it becomes necessary to moor or tie any
barge, lighter, scow, or canal boat alongside a ship or
another barge in the navigable waters of the Canal Zone,
for the purpose of transhipping cargo to or from the ship
or barge, it shall be unlawful to moor or tie more than one
barge deep alongside said ship or other barge, thereby-
obstructing the channel.

Provided, That power hoists in addition may tie alongside
the barges aforesaid, while actually engaged in transhipping
cargo. Nothing in this rule shall be construed as affecting
the right of the Constructing Engineer to moor barges used
in Canal construction in any manner he may deem proper.

Rule 46. Every piece of plant, whether dredge, rock
breaker, or drill barge, that is engaged in excavating or
preparing to excavate the Canal, whose position is sta-
tionary, or moving from time to time, over the face of the
shoal, that it is working on or removing, shall have the
prior right to such position, and it shall be unlawful for
any person or persons, navigating a ship or otherwise, to
foul above-named plant or its moorings in any way what-
ever.

Rule 47. Any piece of plant, whether dredge, rock break-
er, or drill barge, that is operated by means of fore, aft,
and side chains, shall carry when said fore, aft, and side
chains are taut, a black ball on each side of the dredge, in
some conspicuous place, at least eight (8) feet above the
deck, and near the position of the side chains; at night
these balls shall be replaced by a red light and which shall



show all around the horizon and be plainly visible at a dis-
tance of one mile.

Rule 48. When a steamer wishes to pass the dredge,
drillboat, or rockbreaker, at a point where it might foul
its side chains, it should ask permission to pass, by using
the usual signal for port or starboard, as provided in the
foregoing rules, and the dredge, rockbreaker, or drillboat
shall immediately lower its chain on the side asked for by
the steamer, indicating its fulfillment of this by, in the day-
time, lowering the ball; in the night, putting out the red
light.

Rule 49. If the dredge, drillboat, or rockbreaker, is
unable to lower its side chain, or should consider it danger-
ous for the steamer to pass on the side asked for, the dredge,
drillboat, or rockbreaker, will blow the danger signal \#hen
the steamer will stop until the ball or light signal given
above shall be shown.

Rule 50. All barges moved from berth to berth along
wharves or banks of the Canal shall be moved by being
handled by proper towboat for same, and it shall be unlaw-
ful to move barges by handpower in the navigable fairway
of the Canal, unless to preserve life or property in peril.

Rule 51. No coal, ashes, or rubbish shall be thrown over-
board by any vessel, or any person, at any wharf, or in the
channel of the Canal.

Rule 52. No vessel shall make fast to any marking buoy,
and will be only allowed to use for hauling or making fast
the buoys placed for that purpose.

Rule 53. Any vessel arriving at the ports with gunpow-
der or other explosives on board will not be admitted to
the wharves or allowed to land the same until a report is
made to the proper authority and an arrangement entered
into for the immediate disposal of the explosives.

Rule 54. Vessels should not lie at anchor in the channel
of the Canal, or its approaches, unless in case of a vessel
being in distress, when assistance should be at once asked
for, and given.

Provided, That for special reasons permission may be
given to anchor in the channel for a limited time by the
engineer in charge of construction.

Rule 55. Vessels will be held liable for all damages done
to the Canal or the plant of the Isthmian Canal Commission,
of any character or description, whether the damage is
done to the floating equipment, to the wharves, or banks
of the Canal; and in the case of the sinking of any float-
ing or other equipment belonging to private persons, or
corporations in the channel of the Canal, or its approaches,
or its side channels or along its wharves, that create or tend
to create an obstruction in the Canal or its approaches,
side channels, or along its wharves, the person or company
owning the sunken equipment shall be given thirty days to
remove the same; and on his or their failure to do so, the
construction engineer shall remove the obstruction; and
the persons or corporation owning the same shall pay all the
expenses and cost of the removal of the obstruction, to be
collected by a civil suit in the Zone courts and a levy and
sale of any property of the persons or corporations found
in the Canal Zone, or its harbors.

Provided, That the Chief Engineer of the Panama Canal
may order the construction engineer to remove the ob-
struction at once, without waiting on the persons or corpo-
rations owning the same, and the costs of such removal
shall be taxed and collected as mentioned above.

Rule 56. All masters of vessels not engaged in coastwise
trade or employed by the Isthmian Canal Commission or
Panama Railroad Company in harbor or Canal work or
construction, are forbidden to allow their vessels to be
boarded by any one, except the pilot and such other officers
of the port as are required to do so by the nature of their
duties, and also the agent of the vessel if he has the consent
of the quarantine officer. Any person going aboard prior
to the issuance of free pratique shall be subject to the same
restrictions as the personnel of the vessel if, in the opinion
of the quarantine officer, this is necessary for the protection
of the public health.

Rule 57. Every vessel not engaged in the coastwise
trade entering the harbor of any port in the Canal Zone,
shall proceed to the quarantine ground designated by the
quarantine officer.

Rule 58. Vessels wishing to unload or load ballast will
be assigned anchorage by the captain of the port, and must



have a proper chute, so arranged as to prevent ballast from
falling overboard, if said anchorage is in the channel of the
Canal or along its wharves or on the anchorage ground,
assigned by the quarantine officer, or port captain.

Rule 59. No warp or line shall be passed across any
channel or dock so as to obstruct the passage of vessels
or cause any interference with the discharging of cargoes.
Rule 60. If any damages shall be caused by vessels or
the mooring cables to the works of any harbor, the parties
responsible for same shall pay the costs for the necessary
repairs, and the same may be recovered in the Circuit
Courts of the Canal Zone.

Rule 61. Steamers on entering or leaving a port shall
proceed at a speed not exceeding six knots per hoTir.

Rule 62. If a vessel occupying a berth at a wharf or
pier, with or without the consent of the port captain, fails
to vacate such berth when ordered by the port captain,
or when not loading or unloading, fails to make way for
another vessel that wishes to load or unload, the port cap-
tain shall then cause such vessel to be moved to some other
berth, or be anchored in the stream, and the expense of
such removal shall be paid by the master, agents, or owners
of such vessel, and in case of their neglect or refusal to pay
such expense upon demand, it may be recovered in an action
before any court having jurisdiction.

Rule 63. No vessel shall be entitled to a berth until
application has been made by the master, owner, or con-
signee of the vessel to the captain of the port, and such
application must state the length, draught, and kind of
cargo. No one but the captain of the port has authority
to assign berths to vessels. No vessel, whether at anchor
or lying at wharf, shall shift its berth, without permission
from the captain of the port.

Rule 64. All goods, merchandise, and material of every
kind, landed or placed on any pier, bulkhead, or other
wharf property, or upon reclaimed land, must be removed
therefrom within 36 hours: Provided, That the captain of
the port for good cause may extend the time. AH goods,
merchandise, and materials of every kind encumbering any
pier, bulkhead, or other wharf structure, or reclaimed land,
after the time designated for the removal thereof shall have
expired, will be liable to be removed by the captain of the
port to any warehouse or yard, at the sole risk and expense
of the owner of any such goods, merchandise, or materials,
and all expense incurred for such removal and storage, or
otherwise, shall be and become a lien thereon, and such
goods, merchandise, and materials will not be delivered to
the owner until the expense of such removal and storage
has been paid.

Rule 65. It shall not be lawful for the owners, lessees,
or occupants of any pier, wharf, or bulkhead, which has
been covered with a shed, to use such shedded pier, wharf,
or bulkhead for the permanent storage of goods, merchan-
dise, cargo, or material of any kind which may be dis-
charged or placed thereon.

Rule 66. Piers, wharves, and bulkheads thus shedded
are designated for the protection of merchandise and cargo,
in transit, and such merchandise and cargo must be re-
moved therefrom in 36 hours: Provided, That the captain
of the port may for good cause extend the time.

Rule 67. The captain of the port shall prevent any
accumulation of material upon all piers, wharves, bulkheads,
and reclaimed land, and whenever any pier, wharf, bulk-
head, or reclaimed land shall be encumbered or obstructed
in its free use by any vessel, merchandise or material, or by
any structure, encumbrance, or obstruction not authorized
or permitted, the captain of the port is authorized to require
the owner, agent, consignee, or person occupying or in
charge of such merchandise or obstruction, to remove the
same without delay. Upon receiving said order, the owner,
agent, consignee or person in charge of vessel, merchandise,
material, structure, encumbrance, or obstruction, in refer-
ence to which said order or direction was given, shall com-
ply with the same without delay, and upon his refusal or
failure to do so, shall be punished by a fine or imprisonment
or both, as is hereinafter provided.

Rule 68. No fishing nets will be allowed in any place in
the Canal, along its wharves, or in its channels wherever
in the opinion of the Construction Engineer, or the captain
of the port, such nets interfere or might interfere with



8



navigation, ancU t shall be the duty of the owner thereof,
upon notification, to remove them immediately.

Rule 69. No vessel shall leave the quarantine ground
until the requirements of the rules in regard to examination
by the quarantine officer have been complied with.

Rule 70. Vessels must not anchor in the harbors in any