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will be given. On the outward voyage these ships sail
from the pier at the foot of 12th street. Hoboken. N. J.

NEW YORK TO COLON.

Santa Marta U. F. C. Thursday Sept. 1

Magdalena R.-M . . . .Saturday Sept. 3

Metapan U. F. C. Thursday Sept. 8

Prinz Joachim H.-A Saturday Sept. 10

Zacapa U. F. C. Thursday . . . .Sept. 15

Clyde R.-M. ..Saturday Sept. 17

Almirante U. F. C. Thuisday Sept. 22

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm. ...H.-A. . .Saturday Sept. 24

Santa Marta U. F. C. Thursday. . . .Sept. 29

Atrato R.-M. . .Saturday Oct. 1

Metapan U. F. C. Thursday Oct. 6

Prinz Joachim H.-A.. . . Saturday Oct. 8

Zacapa U. F. C. Thursday Oct. 13

Tagus R.-M. . . Saturday Oct. 15

COLON TO NEW YORK.

dyd e R.-M .. -Wednesday. . .Sept. 7

Almirante .' U. F. C. Friday Sept. 9

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm ... H.-A .. . Tuesday Sept. 13

Santa Marta U. F. C. Friday Sept. 16

Atrato R.-M . . .We Inesday. . .Sept. 21

Metapan U. F. C.Friday Sept. 23

Prinz Joachim H.-A Tuesday Sept. 27

Zacapa U. F. C.Friday Sept. 30

•p a g US R.-M . . . Wednesday . . . .Oct. 5

Almirante U. F. C. Friday Oct. 7

Prinz Aug. Wilhelm. . .H.-A Tuesday Oct. 11

NEW ORLEANS TO COLON.

Atenas U. F. C. Saturday Sept. 3

Turrialba U. F. C Saturday Sept. 10

Abangarez U. F. C. Saturday Sept. 17

Atenas U. F. C. Saturday Sept. 24

Turrialba U. F. C. Saturday Oct. 1

Abangarez U. F. C. Saturday Oct. 8

COLON TO NEW ORLEANS.

Atenas U. F. C. Thursday Sept. 15

Turrialba U. F. C. Thursday Sept. 22

Abangarez U. F. C. Thursday Sept. 29

Atenas U. F. C. Thursday Oct. 6

Abangarez U. F. C. Thu.sday Oct. 13

COLON TO BARBADOS. CALLING AT TRINIDAD.

Magdalena R.-M . . .Tuesday Sept. 13

clyde R.-M... Tuesday Sept. 27

The next sailing of the Leyland Line will be as fol-
lows: Memphian. on or about September 11 for
Brunswick, Ga., via Kingston, Ja.

Hamburg-American steamers leave for New York at
10 a. m., and for Port Limon every Tuesday or Wednes-
day.

Royal Mail steamers leave for New York on alter-
nate Wednesdays at 10 a. m.; for Southampton on
alternate Tuesdays at 10 a. m.

United Fruit Company's ships for New Orleans leave
on Thursday at 3 p. m.. and for New York on Friday
at 10 a. m.

Sailings of the French Line (Cie Generale Trana-
atlantlque) for Venezuelan ports, Martinique a-id Guad-
eloupe on the 3d and 20th of each month.



CANAL




RECORD



Volume IV.



ANCON, CANAL ZONE, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1910.



No. 3.



The Canal Record

Published weekly tinder the authority and supervision of
the Isthmian Canal Commission.

The Canal Record is issued free of charge, one copy
each, to all employes of the Commission and Panama
Railroad Company whose names are on \he gold roll.
Extra copies and back numbers can be obtained from the
nevs stands of the Panama Railroad Company for five
cents each.

Address all Communications

THE CANAL RECORD

Ancon, Canal Zone,
Isthmus of Panama.

No communication either for publication or requesting
njormation, will receive attention unless signed with the
ull name and address of the writer.

NOTES OF PROGRESS.



Side Walls of Second Pair of Locks at Gatun
Begun.

The building of the side walls of the second
pair of locks at Gatun was begun on Septem-
ber 9, when one cableway, which had been
moved into position over the second chamber,
began delivering concrete into one of the,
movable steel wall forms, which had been
lowered from the upper locks. Work in the
upper locks is now confined almost entirely
to placing concrete in complicated forms
around steel work for the upper and inter-
mediate gates.

Backfilling behind the outer walls of the
first or upper locks is being pushed, in order
that all the work may be completed by Jan-
uary 1, 1911, to the point where the gate con-
tractors can begin their work without inter-
ference from lock construction.

Concrete work for week ending September
10:





Cubic Yards.


Date.


Con-
struction
plant.


Auxil-
iary
plant.


Large
stone.


Total.




Holiday
1.966
1.914
2.022
1.500
1,912








September 6. . .
September 7. . .
September 8 . . .
September 9. . .
September 10. .


990
850
1.020
982
910


318

282 %
296
300K
305 '/.


3.274

3.046K

3,338

2.782J4

3.12TA


Total

Previously


9,314


4.752


1.502 'A


15.568K
693,098












708,666},'











Canal Work In August.

The grand total of Canal excavation in
August was 2,813,462 cubic yards, of which
2,757,990 cubic yards were charged to "work
excavation" and 55,472 cubic yards to
"plant." The dry excavation amounted to
1,775,072 cubic yards and was principally by
steam shovels. The dredges removed 1,038,-
390 cubic yards in addition to the amount
pumped into Gatun Dam by suction'dredges.
The progress on the locks at ^Gatun and



Pedro Miguel is referred to elsewhere in this
issue.

In the Atlantic Division, the total excava-
tion was 645,760 cubic yards. Of this total,
132,339 cubic yards were dry excavation and
the remainder was removed by the dredges
in the Atlantic entrance.

The total excavation in the Central Divi-
sion was 1,612,396 cubic yards, all but 278
cubic yards of which was chargeable to work
excavation. All records for excavation in a
rainy season month, both in this division and
Culebra Cut, were surpassed in August.

In the Pacific Division the total excavation
was 555,306 cubic yards, all but 30,337 cubic
yards of which was taken out by dredges at
the Pacific entrance.

A detailed statement of the excavation and
a summary of the work on the locks and dams
follow:



ATLANTIC DIVISION.


Locality.


"Work."
Excava-
tion.


"Plant."
Excava-
tion.


Total
excava-
tion


Dry excavation —
Locks. Dam and Spill-


Cu. Yds.
99.737


Cu. Yds.
32.602


Cu. Yds.

132 339














Total


99.737


32.602


132,339










Locks. Dam and Spill-


508.829


4.592


513,421










Total


508.829


4.592


513.421


Total wet and dry


608.566


37.194








CENTRAL DIVISION.



All dry excavation — I

Culebra Cut \ 1,373,334

Chagres section 234,404

Obispo Diversion 4,380



Total 1.612.118



1,373.612

234.404

4.3S0



278 1.612,396



PACIFIC DIVISION.



Dry excavation —
Locks. Dams and Spill-


30.337




30,337








Prism, south of Pedro
















Total


30.337




30,337




506,969


18,000


524,969


















Total


506.969


18,000


524.969


Total wet and dry


537,306


1S.000


555.306







TOTAL


CANAL EXCAVATION.




Dry excavation ..
Wet excavation ..




1.742,192
1.015.798


32.880
22.592


1,775,072
1,038,390


Total


2.757.990


55,472


2.813,462



Mean rainfall along Canal (eleven stations) 11.61
inches.

By "Work" Excavation is meant excavation actu-
ally madeforoneof the constituent parts of the Canal,
such as Prism, Diversions, or Locks, etc.: that is, it
represents material taken from the area to b*» occu-
pied by the Canal, and constitutes excavation useful
for the completed Canal.

By "Plant" Excavation is meant excavation outside
of any of the constituent parts of the Canal, such as
Prism, Diversions, or Locks, etc. It includes mate-



rial necessary to be excavated for construction pur-
poses only and is chargeable against the particular
plant item for which it is performed, such as Prism.
Diversions, Locks, etc.

DAM AND LOCK CONSTRUCTION.



Material.



Concrete laid in locks.
Concrete laid in dams

and spillways

Fill placed in dams



Atlantic.



Cu. Yds.
85.6S6



3.573
641,616



Pacific.



Cu. Yds.
57.294



10,898



Total.



Cu. Yds.
142,980



3.573
652.51



Concentration of Useless Materials.

A warehouse for condemned stores is to be
built near the Depot Quartermaster's store-
house at Mount Hope where all sur-
plus, obsolete and unserviceable material
which has been used in the construc-
tion of the Canal will be kept until
final disposition is made of it. The plan
of procedure in connection with the turning
in of this stock is set forth in the Chairman
and Chief Engineer's Circular No. 323-Re-
vised, dated August 3, 191,1, published in The
Canal Record of August 10, and is in line
with the recommendations contained in the
report of the committer appointed on June 23,
1910, to consider the matter in its various
phases.

The amount of dead stock on the Isth-
mus is constantly increasing and it is esti-
mated that the quantity held by the Depot
Quartermaster alcne now amounts to between
$200,000 and $300,000 in value. Occasionally
small lots of surplus or unserviceable material
are disposed of on the Isthmus by advertise-
ment and sale, but in the case of heavy ma-
chinery there is little or no local demand, and
possible buyers from abroad object to making
purchase until they have seen it. An instance
of the latter kind occurred not long ago. The
Central Division had among its surplus stock
three Lidgerwood unloaders. The matter
was referred to the GenerM Purchasing Officer
of the Commission in Washington to see if a
purchaser for them could be found. He
advised some time afterward that it was im-
possible to secure a satisfactory proposi: ion
without first arranging for an inspection of
the machines.

The majority of the committee agreed that
it would be better to allow the plant to accu-
mulate on the Isthmus until there is a sufficient
quantity to warrant prospective purchasers
coming here to look it over, than to establish
a place of storage in the United States. It is
believed that much of the material may be
sold to buyers in Central and South America,
and in that case, the transportation of it to
New York would be a useless expense.

The steady accumulation of dead stock has
occupied space that could be utilized for
storing live material, and for that reason, and
in order to assemble it in one place, the plan
of putting up a small building, which may be
enlarged as the occasion arises, was recom-
mended. It was first arranged to establish



18



THE CANAL RECORD



Vol. IV., No. 3.



NOTES OF PROGRESS



(Continued.)



this depot for condemned stores at Paraiso,
but the plan was abandoned later in view of
the fact that there is no storekeeper or force
of clerks at that point to look after it.

The building at Mount Hope will be 40 by
150 feet in size, constructed principally of old
materials, and will be situated alongside a
spur track extending through the storehouse
yard. It will rest on concrete footings and
will be floored with old French iron plates.
The dead stock will be properly cared for, and
machinery parts will be given a coat of lead
as a protection against rust.

The committee recommended that Congress
be petitioned to enact legislation to govern
the sale of these articles, similar to the law in
force which permits the sale of condemned
articles by the Engineering Corps of the
Army.

Pedro Miguel Lock Work.

Work on the east side wall at the Pedro
Miguel Locks is advancing, and in sections
where slides from the east bank have given
some trouble since the advent of the rainy
season, it has reached a point where it will
serve as a retaining wall. Operations in the
center wall have been extended to the end of
the core, and in one or two places it has been
constructed to its ultimate height. Exca-
vation for the floor and culvert section in the
south part of the west chamber is practically
completed and most of the culverts and
about half of the lily forms in the east cham-
ber are in.

The record of concrete laying in the locks
for the five 8-hour working days of the week
ending September 10, and the total to that
date, follows:



Date


Concrete
placed.


Large

stone.


Hours
worked.


No. of
mixers


Total.


Sept. 5 . . .
Sept. 6. . .
Sept. 7 . . .
Sept. 8 . . .
Sept. 9 . . .
Sept. 10. .


Holiday
2,162
1,906
2,130
1,880
1,498










69

20
16

8
12


33:16

27:00
30:50
20:00
10:50


4
4
4
4
4


2,231
1,926
2,146
1,888
1,510


Total...
Previously


9,576


125

2,925


121:16


4


9,701

268.208












Grand


3,050


277,909











Alterations to Schoolbulldings.

The building of a second story four-room
addition to the new Canal Zone high school
at Gatun was begun on Friday, September 9,
with a force of thirty men under the Con-
structing Quartermaster. The work will be
advanced as rapidly as possible in order to
complete it by the time school opens on Octo-
ber 3. The addition of a four-room second
story to the Ancon school was started about
three weeks ago and is nearing completion.

The enlargement of the Empire school by
the construction of a two-story addition, con-
taining eight rooms, to the front of the present
building, is yet to be made. The plans have
been finished, and the carpenter work will
probably be commenced this week. The
addition will be practically a duplicate of the
old building. The front veranda will be
left intact, forming an open space between
the old and new parts, but the entrances will
be changed. Instead of two doors in front of
the school, which faces the east, there will be
only one, with a doorway on the north side and



an emergency doorway on the south side. The
8-foot veranda extending around the old part,
both upstairs and down, will be continued in
the addition. There will four stairways to
the upper floor, two in each part. The office
will occupy a corner room on the lower floor
of the addition. In the event the improve-
ments are not completed before the beginning
of school, temporary arrangements for holding
school elsewhere will be made.



Lock Building at Miraflores.
A statement of the concrete laid in the locks
at Miraflores for the five 8-hour working days
of the weekending September 10, and the total
to that date, follows:





Auxiliary Plant.


Date


h' -Cubic

yard
mixers.


^-Cubic
yard
mixer.


2-Cubic

yard
mixers.


Large
stone.


Total.


Sept. 5 .


Holiday
220
306
286
269
273










Sept. 6.

Sept. 7 .
Sept. 8 .
Sept. 9.
Sept. 10


62
66

44
59

48


238
274
380
314
402


8
21
20

IS
5


528
667
730
657
728


Total.
Previ-
ously


1,354


279


1,608


69

275


3,310
12,144












Grand


344


15,454













Lumber and Tie Shipments.

The sailing of the steamer Bramley from
Puget ^ound, with a cargo of lumber for the
Commission has been cancelled, and the
shipment has been added to that of the steam-
er Hornellen which sailed for the port of
Balboa a few days ago. Other shipments of
Puget Sound lumber to be made before the
existing contracts are filled include a quantity
of fir ties.



Gatun Spillway.
The amount of concrete placed in the
spillway of Gatun Dam in the week ending
September 10, with the total to that date,
follows:





Cubic Yards.


Date.


Concrete


Large
rock.


Total.




Holiday
140
138
122
154
102








12

14
10
12


152




138




136




164




114








656


48


704




91,162












91,876











Transportation Record on South End of Central
Division.

On August 1 and 2, the following trains
loaded with spoil from Culebra Cut were run
out from the Canal at Pedro Miguel and
transported to either Miraflores or Balboa
dumps:

August 1 — 78 19-yard 19-car Lidgerwood
trains and 4 10-yard 35-car Western dump
trains. August 2 — 78 19-yard 19-car Lidger-
wood trains and 3 10-yard 35-car Western
dump trains.

On the above dates, the following empty
trains were run into the Canal from the above-
mentioned dumps:

August 1 — 76 19-car Lidgerwood trains and
2 35-car Western dump trains. August 2 —



74 19-car Lidgerwood trains and 4 35-car
Western dump trains.

This breaks all previous transportation
records on the south end of the Canal for
one day.

Money Orders in August.
The money orders issued by the Canal Zone
post-offices in August represented $424,465.96
in value, as compared with $409,481.22 in
August, 1909. The number issued was 16,176,
as compared with 15,466 in the same month
last year. Orders payable in the United
States amounted to $324,925.11, as compared
with $309,540.07 in August, 1909.

Ancon Crusher.

A statement of the rock crushed at Ancon
quarry during the week ending September 10
follows:



Date.



Cubic
Yards.



September 5 Holiday



September 6 .
September 7 . .
September 8 . .
September 9 . .
September 10.



Total .




11,315



Opening of Public Schools.

The Canal Zone public schools will open on
Monday, October 3. The preliminary teach-
ers' meetings will be held on Saturday .October
1, in the assembly room of the Ancon school-
building. The white teachers will meet in
the morning at 8.30. The colored section
will meet in the afternoon at 1 o'clock.
Frank A. Gause,

Superintendent of Schools.
Ancon, September 8, 1910.



Porto Hello Crusher.
A statement of the work done at Porto Bello
crusher, by days, for the week ending Septem-
ber 10 follows:



Date.



September 5 .
September 6.
September 7 .
September 8 .
September 9 .
September 10

Total



Hours
worked.



Holiday
11:50
11:58
10:20
11:20
10:50



56:18



Cubic
Yards.



2.843
3,349
2,787
3,187
2,996



15,162



Record Month at Miraflores Dumps and Vicinity.

August was the record month at Miraflores
dumps and vicinity, when the largest number
of trains ever unloaded there — 844 — was han-
dled., A statement follows:



Location.


Class of care.


No. of
cars.


Cubic

yards.


Miraflores
Miraflores
P. R. R. reloca-


Lidgerwood flats.

Western dumps . .

Lidgerwood flats.

Western dumps..
Western dumps . .


15,637

140

399

210
910


297.103
1.400
7,581


P. R. R. reloca-


2,100


New Incline. . . .


9,100




17,296


317,284









Steam Shovel and Dredge Men.

The I. B. of S. S. and D. M. will hold a

special meeting on Sunday, September 18, at

the I. C. C. lodge hall, Empire, C. Z., at 2. 30

p. m. All members are requested to be present.

Walter P. Tudor,

Secretary and Treasurer.
Empire, September 12, 1910.



September 14, 1910.



THE CANAL RECOR'D



19



BALBOA TERMINAL FACILITIES.

Steel Pier to be Remodeled and New Dock of
Reinforced Concrete to be Built.

Terminal facilities at Balboa, the Pacific
entrance to the Canal, will be increased by (1)
remodeling the steel pier now in use, and (2)
by constructing a concrete dock along the
proposed anchorage basin north of the dock,
now used in sand unloading. This decision
has been reached after investigations con-
ducted by two committees appointed for
that purpose. The intent of the work is to
relieve the congestion in handling freight on
the present docks, but it will be carried on in
such a way, that the improvements made
will be useful in the permanent terminal that
will be provided, upon the completion of the
Canal, for the interchange of cargo. No
plans for permanent terminals have been
adopted as yet, but investigations are under
way at both the Atlantic and Pacific ends of
the Canal preparatory to the construction
of "safe and commodious harbors," as pro-
vided for by the Act of June 28, 1902.

The steel pier which is to be remodeled
was built for the Panama railroad and was
first used in 1899. It is supported on large
caissons spaced on 93-foot centers; longitudi-
nally, is 940 feet long, and will accommodate
three 3,000-ton ships at all stages of the tide.
It is provided with ten A-frame, swing boom,
traveling cranes of IV2 tons capacity. In 1907,
this pier was increased from its original width
of SO feet to 80 feet, to provide space for two
railroad tracks, supported by piles, running
the full length of the pier. The floor was
lowered, but the crane runway along the front
of the pier was not changed, so that all cargo
must now be lifted over the runway or plat-
form in and out of the ships. The cranes on
this pier are light, not in good condition, and
will not reach far enough over the ships to
take cargo from the middle hatches.

At the time the steel pier was enlarged two
wooden docks were erected immediately
north of it and joined to it. One of these is
320 feet long and is known as dock A. On
it are two 4-ton traveling cranes. The other
dock, known as dock B, is 658 feet long and
has six 4-ton traveling cranes, duplicates of
those on dock A. The total length of the three
docks is 1 ,910 feet. These cranes are designed
to take cargo from the middle hatches of
ships and deliver it under cover of the wharf.
The total length of the steel pier, and docks
A and B, is 1,910 feet, but there is no connec-
tion between them, such as makes it possible
to use the cranes interchangeably. A 15-ton
pillar crane at the sea end of the steel pier
handles heavy cargo. Five ships can be
berthed at the united docks at one time, and
in 1909, an average of 1,000 tons of cargo a
day was handled.

The roof of the steel pier will be raised to
accommodate cranes of the type now in use on
docks A and B; the steel trusses will be so
reinforced as to make them capable of carry-
ing 8 cranes and a concrete slab floor under the
crane runways level with the present floor.
Eight new cranes of the 4-ton type will be
installed in place of the IK -ton cranes. The
4-ton cranes on docks A and B will be remod-
eled so as to permit a more rapid handling of
cargo between the legs than is now possible.
Work on the steel pier will be permanent in
character.

The reinforced concrete dock will be 700
feet long and 57>4 feet wide. It is estimated



that it will cost about $130,000. and that the
dredging necessary to make a 300-foot chan-
nel to the dock will cost about $200,000.
This channel will be enlarged as the construc-
tion of the harbor at the Pacific entrance to
the Canal advances. Preliminary plans
provide for 8,200 cubic yards of excavation
for the piers for the dock, 7,000 cubic yards
of concrete in the piers, 2,100 cubic yards of
concrete in the floor, 624,000 pounds of steel
reinforcement, and 25,000 cubic yards of
backfilling. The estimate of dredging neces-
sary in front of the dock and leading to it is
2,385,000 cubic yards, but all of this will not be
undertaken at the present time. The char-
acter of the new dock and the location pro-
posed for it will make it part of the permanent
harbor improvements. The construction of
the dock and the dredging of its approach will
be done by the Pacific Division, and the cost
of the work will be charged to the appropri-
ation now available for reconstruction and
reequipment of the Panama railroad.

Central Division Unloaders.

A statement of Lidgerwood cars unloaded
in the Central Division during the month of
August follows:



STEAM SHOVEL RECORDS.



Location.


No. of
unloaders.


No. of
trains.


No. of
cars.




3

3
2

2


1,004
844
641
596


19,076




16,036




12,179




11,324








10


3,085


58,615







This record breaks all records with 10 un-
loaders.

Day's Work of 17 Steam Shovels.

On September 2d, 17 steam shovels, working
in the Culebra construction district of the
Central Division, excavated 29,335 cubic
yards during the working day of eight hours,
an average of 1,726 cubic yards per shoval
for the day. During this time the shovels
were under steam 136 hours and were actually
working 90 hours and 55 minutes and were
waiting for cars 29 hours and 30 minutes. The
other delays were due to mining, cleaning
track after blasts, repairing shovels, moving
shovels back, slides and similar causes.



Work of Central Division Shovels in August.
During the month of August the total
amount of material excavated in the Central
Division was 1,612,396 cubic yards, of which
434,775 cubic yards were classified as earth
and 1,177,621 cubic yards as rock. Of this
quantity, 1,602,738 cubic yards were removed
by steam shovels; 4,844 cubic yards were
blasted and washed out by high water; 278
cubic yards were removed by hand, and 4,536
cubic yards were pick and shovel excavation
by contract.

The high record of the month was made by
shovel No. 208, working 27 days in the Culebra
District, which excavated 57,292 cubic yards
of rock and earth. The second best record
was made by shovel 223, working 26 days in
the Culebra District .which excavated 49,739
cubic yards of rock.

The best record for a shovel of the 70-ton
class was made by shovel No. 108, working
27 days in the Chagres District, which exca-
vated 41,928 cubic yards of earth.

Shovel No. 202, working in the Culebra
District, made the high record for one day by