TOWN OFFICERS. 383
Groton had as many bridges over the Nashua, in 175 1,
as at the present time, and in nearly the same places.
The present road between Tovvnsend and Groton, after
entering the limits of the town of Pepperell, is situated
further north than the one surveyed and accepted for the
county road, at that time, which is now discontinued.
Considerable feeling was manifested between the citizens
of the two towns. The people of Townsend accomplished
their object, whether justly or not, through the adroit
management of two or three sharp men.
It appears that wild animals, either ferocious or timid,
were not numerous here, when the town was settled. The
bear and the wolf had receded from the sound of the
woodman's axe. Occasionally one of these animals would
make a raid on the flocks and herds. Eldad Bailey, a
truthful old gentleman, now eighty-seven years old, says
that he saw Capt. Zacheriah Hildreth shoot a bear near
his (Mr. Bailey's) house, when he was a boy. The ani-
mal had a piece of a log chain-link in his body, which he
probably received from the gun of an Ashb}- man who
shot at him with that ammunition, a considerable time pre-
vious to his capture. Deer in pairs, and in small herds,
were seen at times. An effort was made, for a long time,
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to protect these animals from the pitiless marksmen. Two
officers were annually chosen, called deer-reeves, whose
duty it was to inform if any one molested the deer at cer-
tain times during the 3'ear, and to assist in punishing the
offenders against the regulation of the town concerning
o84 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
In 1734, the town chose three hog-reeves. The duty
of these officers was to take care of the hogs, which were
allow^ed to run at large for more than eighty years after
the incorporation of the town. The hogs "were rung," as
it was called ; that is, a piece of wire was put through the
upper part of the hog's snout, bent in the form of a ring,
and twisted together at the ends. When the creature
commenced subsoiling, the wire would cause pain and
prevent the operation. The animals were prevented from
going through fences, by a wooden yoke. If the citizens
neglected to put this regalia on their porcine workmen,
the hog-reeves were obliged to do it for them for which a
regular fee was allowed. A little mirth always attended
the election of these officers. The three latest married
men were sure to be chosen on this board. No one ever
became angry, or considered himself insulted, bv being
honored with the office, but patiently waited to see how
much fun he could have with his successors.
During the time that the town constituted one parish,
tithing-men were chosen, at each annual town meeting,
whose duty it was to see that the Sabbath was properly
observed, and particularly that people attended public
worship on that day. At the present day, and for the
last twent3'-tive 3'ears, the tithing-men of Townsend have
been elected from that class of persons who seldom or
never attend sanctuary services, or trouble themselves, in
the least, about what is done on the Sabbath dav.
Marriages of Townseiul People from the Incorporation of the Town
to the Piesent Time.
The following account of the marriages of Townsend
people was drawn from various sources and different
records. It contains every marriage, of w^hich there is
any record to be found, performed within the tirst hundred
years after the incorporation of the town. The records
made by the Rev. Mr. Hemenway concerning baptisms
are very full, but the names of many parties joined in
wedlock by him, are not on record. Mr. Dix and Mr.
Palmer have both left a complete record of the marriages
performed by them. The orthography of the christian
names has been preserved, so that Rebecca, Sibyl, and
other names, will be found spelled differently. Should
this chapter appear too long to the reader, let it be borne
in mind that marriage is the key to domestic life. Perhaps
genealogists yet unborn will run it over with interest.
Marriages performed by Rev. Phinehas Hemenway :
1737. Januar}' 4, Thomas Hadley, Townsend, Sarah
Joshua Wheeler, Townsend, Mehitabel
;)S() HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1738. March i, Jonathan Stevens, Townsend, Sarah
S artel 1, Groton.
May 24, Timothy Whitney, Townsend, Submit
September 15, Nathaniel Richardson, Townsend,
Elizabeth Stevens, Chelmstbrd.
Samuel Wheeler, Townsend, Ruth
1739. June 6, John Brown, Townsend, Mary Stevens,
1741. December 2, Zacheriah Emery, Townsend, Esther
1742. June 23, Jonas Woolson, Nevy Ipswich, N. H.,
Susanna Wallis, Townsend. .
September 14, John Coftran, Suncook, N. H.,
Margaret Waugh, Townsend.
1743. March i, Isaac Farrar, Townsend, Sarah Brooks,
March i, Daniel Adams, Townsend, Keziah
1745. September 3, Benjamin King, Towaisend, Sarah
March 19, Seth Brooks, Townsend, Elizabeth
1746. December 16, David Sloan, Townsend, Lydia
1749. December 5, William Richee, Peterborough, N.H.,
Mary Waugh, Townsend.
June 22, Joseph Rumrill. Townsend, Lucy
1750. December 13, William Stevens, Townsend, Sybil
December 13, Jonas Stevens, Townsend, Ruth
December 15, Jonah Farwell, Groton. Lydia
1751. December 26, John Robb, Peterborough, N. H.,
Elizabeth Creiton, Townsend.
1752. January 9, John Avery, Townsend, Mary Farns-
1753. March 27, Samuel Manning, Jr., Townsend,
Abiza Avery, Townsend.
June 27, Jonathan Patt, Townsend, Sarah Hosley,
1754. January 17, William Clark, Jr., Townsend, Sarah
February 14, John Chandler, New Ipswich, N. H.,
Lydia Taylor, Townsend.
1756. December 14, Joseph Baldwin, Townsend, Mary
1757. May 30, Samuel Lawrence, No. i, Mary Avery,
March 24, Andrew Spaulding, New Ipswich,
N. H., Abigail Martyn, Pepperell.
April '27, Daniel Taylor, Townsend, Elizabeth
December 22, Jonathan Crosby, 3d, New Ipswich,
N. H., Lydia Chandler, Westford.
1758. March 30, Andrew Searles, Townsend, Lienor
April 20, Josiah Robbins, Townsend, Hannah
Lams, Hollis, N. H.
May 24, Peter Heald, Sliptown, Sarah Belcher,
September 25, Nathaniel Sartell, Townsend,
Katherine Hemenway, Townsend.
November 23, Ebenezer Hemenway, Dorchester
Canada, Elizabeth Moor, Dorchester Canada.
December 14, John Stevens, Hollis, N. H.,
Mary Boson, Townsend.
388 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1759. March 15, Oliver Heywood, Townsend, Anna
March 21, Jeremiah Ball, Townsend, Mary
May 24, Ebenezer Giles, Townsend, Esther
November 6, John Wallis, Jr., Townsend, Martha
Pudney, New Ipswich, N. H.
December 14, Jason Russell, Harvard, Elizabeth
1760. January 8, Thomas Heald, New Ipswich, N. H.,
Sybel Adams, New Ipswich, N. H.
February 6, John Button, New Ipswich, N. H.,
Susanna Ball, Townsend.
April 22, Isaac Wallis, Townsend, Jane Russell,
These are all the marriages on record, performed by
Rev. Mr. Hemenway. Twelve leaves have been cut out
of the first book of church records, apparentlv with some
dull instrument, and in a very rough manner. Whether
these leaves contained marriage records is unknown, but
the presumption is that they did, for the ministers of those
times kept these records.
Marriages performed by Rev. Samuel Dix : —
1761. March 4, Richard Richardson, Townsend, Eliza-
beth Barrett, Townsend,
July 13, David Holden, Townsend, Sarah Hemen-
July 22, Samuel Sanderson, Townsend, Lydia
October 20, Mr. David Taylor, Concord, Mrs.
Sarah Hemenwa}-, Townsend.
November 7, John Patt, Townsend, Bathsheba
1762. April 12, Ephraim Warren, Townsend, Sarah
August 26, Timothy Chandler, Townsend, Mary
1763. January 8, Alexander Mcintosh, Milestrip, N. H..
Mary Graham, Townsend.
February i6, Ebenezer Baldwin, Townsend, Mary
October 6, Benjamin Ball, Townsend, Rachel
December 8, Ebenezer Albee, Townsend, Rachel
1764. February 21, Josiah Robbins, No. i, Marv
April 3, Stephen Hildreth, Westford, Esther
May 29, Samuel Douglass, Slip Town, N. H.,
Molly Conant, Townsend.
June 15, John Nichols, Lancaster, Silence Stow.
December 19, Levi Whitney, Townsend, Rebecca
December 19, William Barrett, No. i. Sarah
Robbins, No. i.
1765. January 28, Robert Waugh, New Ipswich, N. H.,
Elizabeth White, Townsend.
April 12, Benjamin Wheeler, Pepperell, Hannah
June 13, David Brown, Groton, Lydia Stevens,
June 13, Nathan Conant, Townsend, Betty
December 5, Benjamin Spaulding, Townsend,
Mary Heald, Townsend.
^ December 11, John Swallow, No. i, Mollv
Hall, No. I.
390 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1765. December 11, John Jetts, No. i, Lois Lawrence,
James Stevens, Jr., Townsend, Martha
Brooks, New Ipswich, N. H.
1766. November 13, Abraham Gates, Townsend, Su-
sanna Whittemore, Dunstable.
December 25, John Graham, Townsend, Margaret
1767. December i, Benjamin Jefts, No. i, Martha
December 8, Robert Campbell, Jr., Townsend,
Elizabeth Waugh, Townsend.
1768. Abijah Wyman, Ashby, Betty Stearns,
■ Eldad Spafford, Townsend, Lucy
December 22, Peter Butterfield, Townsend,
Hannah Butrick, Townsend.
"1769. January 5, Abijah Joslin, Ashburnham, Keziah
January 11, Lemuel Patt, Townsend. Hannah
February i, Joseph Blood, Mason, N. H., Ruth
Dunster, Mason, N. H.
February 14, Joseph Davis, Ashby, Sarah Camp-
June 28, William Withington, Ashby, Martha
November — , Benjamin Wilson, Townsend. Din;h.
December 19, David Baldwin, Pepperell, Elizabeth
December 21, James Campbell, Townsend.
Rebeckah Adams, Townsend.
1770. November — , Thomas Hubbard, Townsend,
Hannah Conant, Townsend.
1771. May 30, Edmund Tarbold, Mason, N. H., Mary
July 10, Jonathan Robbins, Chelmsford, Elizabeth
August 15, Johrj Conant, Townsend, Sarah
September 17, Henry Price, Esq., Townsend,
Lydia Randall, Townsend.
September 24, Thomas Eaton, Townsend, Lucy
October 17, Seth Robbins, Mason, N. H.. Sarah
Scripture, Mason, N. H.
December 24, Nathaniel Bowers, Jr., Pepperell,
Sarah Sartell, Townsend.
1772. February 6, Andrew Ross, Mason, N. H.,
Rebeckah Robbins, Mason, N. H.
February 6, Joseph Giles, Townsend, Mary
February 7, Jonathan Darby, Ashby, Mahitabel
May 20, James Hildreth, Townsend, Esther
May 21, Daniel Adams, Jr., Townsend, Lvdia
July 8, John Lawrence, Mason, N. H., Lefe
Holden, Mason, N. H.
August 20, Benjamin Wilson, Townsend, Bath-
sheba Patts, Townsend.
September 10, Jason Williams, Cambridge.
Abagail Albee, Townsend.
John Cragin, Temple. Sarah Spaulding.
John Meeds, Ashby. Mary Winship,
December — , Aaron Eaton, Ashb}', Marv
392 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1773. January 19, Jotham White, Townsend, Katherine
February 4, Nathan Conant, Townsend, Esther
May 20, Jacob Upton, Ashby, Mary Chirke,
October 14, Phineas Hemenway, Groton, Elizabeth
1774. February 23, David Pierce, Billerica, Sarah
December 20, Asa Heald, Townsend, Rebeckah
1775. March 30, Aaron Scott, Townsend, Elizabeth
April 13, Thaddeus Smith, Ashb3s Saleme Jones.
October — , Jonas Fitch, Pepperell, Annie
November 9, Joseph Adams, , Lucy Blood,
1776. February 15, Elijah Shattuck, Pepperell, Olive
February 15, Abijah Mosier, Pepperell, Hannah
February 15, Oliver Proctor, Jr.. Townsend,
Mary Manning, Billerica.
February 29, Simeon Blanchard, New Ipswich,
N. H., Elizabeth Shattuck, Pepperell.
James Nutting, , Hepsibah Roll",
April — , Abel Shattuck, Pepperell, Hannah
May 8, Jedediah Jewett, Pepperell. Rachel Blood,
July 10, Eleazer Buttertield, Townsend, Mary
Brad street, Townsend.
Julv 16, Abner Brooks, Townsend, Anne Hobart,
1776. April 3, Eleazer Shattuck, Pepperell, Mary Blood.
October 28, William Blood, Townsend, Abagail
November 21, Andrew Mitchel, Lunenburg, Rox-
anna McDonald, Hollis, N. H.
December 3, Joseph Cutter, Jaftrey, N. H., Rachel
December 19, Nehemiah Tarbell, Groton, Martha
1777. March — , James Sloan, Townsend, Beulah Wil-
April 2, Samuel Nevers, Woburn. Anna Wyman.
April 22, Thomas Warren, Jr., Townsend, Perses
April 29, Robert Ames, Groton, Mrs. Susanna
April 29, William Stevens, Townsend, Abagail
May 6, Joseph Cummings, Swansea, N. H., Lucy
May 7, Josiah Spaulding, Westford, Jemima Shat-
May 29, Joseph Heald, Pepperell, Elizabeth
May 29, Simon Green, Pepperell, Deborah Woods.
June 3, Solomon Pearse, Townsend, Eunice Far-
June 24, Phinehas Astan, Raby, N. H., Elizabeth
September i, Zachariah Hildreth, Townsend,
Elizabeth Ke\^es, Westford.
September 29, John Clark, Townsend, Dorcas
October 7, Moses Warren, Townsend, Martha
394 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1777. October 14, Abel Parker, Pepperell, Ede Jewett,
November 26, Ebenezer Davis, Rindge, Mariah
December 24, Jeremiah Crosby, Pepperell, Eliza-
beth Gilson, Pepperell.
December 25, Samuel Cole, Falmouth, Mary
December 26, Jacob Baldwin, Jr., Townsend,
Elizabeth Holt, Townsend.
1778. January 14, Elijah Wyman, Townsend, Abagail
February 24, Samuel Stone, Jr., Ashby, Sarah
February 26, David Baldwin, Pepperell, Elizabeth
" Blood, Pepperell.
March 16, John Parker, , Abagail Blood,
May 7, Daniel Spaulding, Townsend, Rebeckah
Osgood, Raby, N. H.
May 7, Nathaniel Sartell, Pepperell, Abagail
May 26, John Farwell, Harvard, Mrs. Sarah
July — , Benjamin Lawrence, Jr., Groton, Re-
bekah Woods, Groton.
July 16, Benjamin Adams, Townsend, Mary
October 29, Leonard Foster, Pepperell, Lucv
December 7, Rev. Nehemiah Porter, Ashfield,
Mrs. Elizabeth Newell, Townsend.
1779. January 21, Benjamin Hobart, Groton, Elizabeth
January 28, Jacob Blodgett, Mason, N. H., Sarah
January 29, Moses Shattuck, Pepperell. x\bigail
1779. February ii, Moses Blood, Pepperell, Abigail
March 4, Eleazar Davis, Townsend, Martha Ste-
March 4, Josiah Davis, Townsend, Sarah Saw-
May 27, Job Brooks, Temple, Sarah Hildreth.
June 17, Isaac Warren, Groton, Eunice Farns-
-, Joseph Woods, , Mary Waugh.
1780. March 9, Henry Turner, Townsend, Abigail
May — , Benjamin Brooks, 3d, Townsend, Emmy
June — , Ephraim Warren, 3d, Townsend, Sarah
July 13, Oliver Green, Pepperell, Dorothy Hil-
July 13, Benjamin Sartell, Townsend, Sybil Patt.
November 13, Levi Whitney, Shrewsbury. Mrs.
Lydia Price, Townsend.
December 28, Jonathan Dix, Townsend, Mercy
1781. February i, Hinksman Warren, Townsend, Esther
February 8, Daniel Clark, Townsend, Sarah Rob-
February 13, John Hosley, Pepperell, Sarah
February 22, Josiah Seward, Raby, N. H., Sarah
Osgood, Raby, N. H.
March 22, Caleb Blood, 3d, Groton, Hephzibah
39(5 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1 781. April 3, Jonathan Coneck, Townsend, Zervia
June I, Dr. Samuel Hosley, Townsend, Mary
June 21, Elijah Dodge, Townsend, Elizabeth
August 23, Levi Proctor, Carlisle, Sarah Emery,
September 20, Jonathan Barron, Pepperell,
Rebekah Powers, Pepperell.
October 4, Israel Sloan, Townsend, Rebekah
December 10, Josiah Richardson, Townsend,
Abigail Dix, Townsend.
December 13, John S. Frary, Swansay, N. H.,
Joanna Wyman, Swansay, N. H.
December 13, Daniel Holt, Jr., Townsend, Mary
December 13, Jonathan Pearse, Townsend,
Hannah Perham, Townsend.
1782. January 8, Nehemiah Blood, Pepperell. Abigail
January 31, Isaac Kidder, Townsend, Susanna
March 7, Zacheus Witt, Jaffrey, N. H., Hannah
March 7, George Woodward, Raby. N. H., Jane
Wallis, Raby. N. H.
May — , Elias Barron, Concord, Sarah Burge,
, John Sherwin, Townsend, Keziah
May 30, David Hall, Mason, N. H., Margarett
June 13, Seth Johnson, Townsend, Betty Brown.
June 19, Daniel Conant. Townsend. Millecent
1782. July 2, Jonas Campbell, Townsend, Ruth Colburn.
July 4, Daniel Campbell, Townsend, Lucy Emery,
July 25, James Withy, Jr., Mason, N. H., Anna
Brown, Mason, N. H.
August 12, Jacob Wetherby, Mason, N. H., Grace
Pattin, Raby, N. H.
November 7, Benjamin Barrett, Mason, N. H.,
Hannah Scripture, Mason, N. H.
, Nathaniel Healy, Worcester, Lois
, Enoch Cummings, Swanzey, N. H..
Sarah Warren, Townsend.
December 2, Asa Merrill, Townsend, Esther
December 10, Jonathan Jefts, Townsend, Lydia
, Samuel Buttrick, Townsend, Mrs.
Sarah Richardson, Townsend.
1783. February 12, Jonathan Patts, Jr., Townsend,
Rebeicah Town, New Ipswich, N. H.
March 4, Isaac Wallis, Jr., Townsend, Rebekah
April 29, Abel Foster, Townsend, Mary Wood.
May I, John Wright, Jr., Mason, N. H., Hannah
Russell, Raby, N. H.
May 6, Joseph Rumrill, Jr., Townsend, Abigail
September i, Jesse Maynard, Townsend, Exercise
September 8, Samuel Scripture, Jr., Mason,
N. H., Elizabeth Barrett, Mason, N. H.
October i, Jedediah Jewett, Pepperell, Mrs. Mary
October i, Benjamin Ball, Townsend, Mary
81>8 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1783. November 25, Abraham Gates, Ashby, Lucy
November 25, Nathaniel Smith, Jr., Mason, N. H.,
Mary Barrett, Mason, N. H.
December 11, Josiah Barnes, Concord, Lucy
, Jonathan Bailey Townsend, Sarah
December 25, James Proctor, Jr., Westtbrd, Esther
1784. May 20, Abner Adams, Townsend, Molly Sartell,
May 20, John Stevens, Jr., Townsend, Sarah
June 30, Daniel Adams, Townsend, Mrs. Sarah
August 19, Josiah Richardson, Townsend, Su-
sanna Wallis, Townsend.
September 16, Daniel Lawrence, Townsend, Lucy
November 12, John Blood, Pepperell, Olive Ball.
1785. February 7, Joseph Barrett, Mason, N. H., Jane
February 22, Ephraim Lamson, Townsend, Marv
May 12, Amos Blood, Pepperell, Sarah Blood,
, Daniel Brown, Townsend, Mary Ball,
October 31, Samuel Dix, Jr., Townsend, Chloe
December 15, Jonathan Holt, Townsend, Hannah
December 15, Joseph Felt, Packersfield. Elizabeth
1786. January — , John Atwell, Jr., Hollis, N. H.,
Rebekah Lawrence, .
, Jesse Baldwin, Townsend, Chloe Gas-
February 9, Samuel Stevens, Lancaster, Mary
, Samuel Searle, Townsend, Hannah
March 4, Stephen Warren, Townsend, Mary
June 22, Elisha Sanders, Lunenburg, Pattv Duns-
June 26, Ebenezer Ball, Jr., Townsend, Hannah
November 30, Isaac Farrar, Jr., Townsend,
Hannah Dix, Townsend.
December 14, Edward Tarble, Mason. N. H.,
Rachel Hildreth, Townsend.
December 20, Phinehas Baldwin, Townsend,
Sarah Searl, Townsend.
1787. January i, Edward Richards, Rockingham, Vt..
Eunice Locke, Townsend.
February i, Noah Hardy, Packersheld, Sarah
, Henry Jefts, Townsend, Elizabeth
February 7, William Weston, Townsend, Rebekah
March i, William Wallace, Townsend, Polly
March 15, John Giles, Townsend, Susey Baldwin,
March 20, William Elliott, Mason, N. H.,
Rebekah Hildreth, Townsend.
March 22, Nathaniel Shattuck, Pepperell, Hannah
400 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1787. June 14, William Stacy, Townsend, Hannah
, John Waugh, Jr., Townsend, Esther
October 4, Ebenezer Ball, Jr., Townsend, Phebe
November 8, James Sloan, Townsend, Molly
1788. , John Emerson, Townsend, Keziah
February 5, James Pratt, Halifax, Sarah Giles,
February 7, Benjamin Wallis, Ashby, Betsey
, Josiah Bright, Ashby, Hepsy Rice.
April 16, Jesse Maynard, Townsend, Sarah
April 26, George Farrar, Townsend, Rebekah
October 30, Benjamin Wellington, Ashbv, Marv
November 27, Jonathan Pearse, Townsend, Esther
November 27, John Smith, Townsend, Hannah
November 27, John Gilson, Monkton, Lucy
December 16, Joseph Hey wood, Chelmstbrd.
Susannah Ball, Chelmsford.
1789. . Asa Stevens, Townsend, Sarah Hodg-
, Joseph Pingrey, Salisbur^■. N. H..
Sarah Sanders, Ashby.
February 7, David Spafford, Townsend, Lucy
March 19, Benjamin Spaulding, Townsend, S\bil
1789. April — , Asa Heald, Townsend, Jerusha Carter,
May 6, John Giles, Townsend, Marv x\danis.
Raby, N. H.
May 7, Robert Searl, Townsend, Azubah Butter-
May 14, Samuel Brooks, Townsend, Sarah
, Elijah Haughton, Ashby, Sarah
October 22, Thomas Powers, Holies, N. H., Mrs.
Jane Sloan, Townsend.
1790. February 2, Jonathan Taylor, Heath, Nancy
February 18, Josiah Whitney, Waltham, Mar\
February 25, Asa Whitney, Townsend, Mary
March 2, David Petts, Townsend, Nabby Flagg.
April 5, Moses Burge, Townsend, Betty Stacy,
May 25, William Johnson, , Lucy Barrett.
May 25, Richard Warner, Townsend, Hannah
June 30, John E. Stone, Ashby, Dorcas Lawrence,
October 21, .James Searl, Townsend, Sallv Patten.
Raby, N. H.
November 25, Jabez Green, Townsend, Abigail
November 27, Samuel Buttrick, Weston, Hannah
December 23, William Stevens, Townsend, Rachel
, Abel Green, Raby, N. H., Hannah
402 HISTORY OF TOWNSEND.
1791. February 2, Rev. Ebenezer Hill, Mason, N. H.,
Polly Boynton, .
February 3, Benjamin Hobart, Townsend, Bett\'
February 17, Nathaniel Bailey, Jr., Townsend,
Molly Baldwin, Townsend.
March 3, Nathan Conant, Jr., Townsend, Mary
March 10, Perin Richards, Townsend, Anna
March 16, Levi Green, Ashby, Patty Earl, Ashby.
May 25, Joseph Walker, Ashby, Ruth Jenkins,
June 13, Lemuel Petts, Jr., Townsend, Milly
July 14, Asa Walker, Ashby, Alice Clark, Ashby.
September 22, David Wallace, Townsend, Betty