J. A. (John Adolphus) Etzler.

The paradise within the reach of all men, without labour, by powers of nature and machinery : an address to all intelligent men online

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Online LibraryJ. A. (John Adolphus) EtzlerThe paradise within the reach of all men, without labour, by powers of nature and machinery : an address to all intelligent men → online text (page 12 of 14)
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your present choice.

Americans! it is now in your power to become
within ten years a nation to rule the world. Your
territory can contain, in all affluence imaginable, from
200 to 300 millions of human individnals, as many as
the Chinese empire contains now. It will be filled to
such a number from various parts of the world, if you
make proper arrangements for their reception, which
the new means afford. You have it in your power to
receive the most intelligent part out of all nations:
this will be your greatest conquest; for intelligence,
not mere physical wealth, is henceforth to be your
only power and glory. You may cause a migration
of nations, unparalleled in history. You may receive
them without fear ; for you will have the power on



16S

yovir side. Mighty engines are to be your future
arras by land and sea. The government of the Union
is to have the exclusive possession of them. Your
regulations may preserve all public safety.

. It might be objected that such a system of popula-
ting our country with foreign peoples at so rapid a rate,
would deprive our own increasing posterity of the
room to live in our country to their case and comfort,
that would thus perhaps be in part compelled to emi-
grate and colonize themselves somewhere else.

This appears to be a very rational objection, and
ought to be well considered ; for it is just as sound a
policy for any nation to care first for their own people
before they provide for foreigners, as it is to be for
individuals to provide for their own families in prefer-
ence to strangers, whatever humanity might say
against it.

It is true, such apprehensions may be once realised.
However, care for posterity can humanly be extended
only to a certain limit, beyond which human foresight
cannot reach. The very measures of care for a re-
mote posterity, by barring our country against emi-
gration, would keep our posterity comparatively weak ;
while other countries, especially on our continent,
would, by emigrations from over-populated Europe,
soon acquire a gigantic population and power, that
might, in the course of unforeseen events, overwhelm
our nation.

Besides this, who knows, whether a remote posterity
may not, for the greatest part, care very little for their
country, and choose, under circumstances and views
of the world very different from ours ?



164

But at all events, the world is large and productive
enough, to afford all the means for human happiness
for many generations to come of the whole human
race, so that within the next 1000 years there is no
universal over-population to be feared ; and to care
for limes beyond 1000 years would be folly in man.



The acquisitions attainable* by the proposed new
means are of so new a kind, so superior to all what is
in existence at present, they lead directly to a state of
life so vastly different from our present, and to views
of human life and the world in general so infinitely
superior to those now extant, that there is great rea-
son to fear of their not being fully understood. The
world will be quite new to men, and produce quite new
conceptions of the world and human life. The world
will no longer appear to be the abodes of misery to
man, mixed with but a small portion of imperfect
happiness. Human life will no longer be what igno-
rance will have it to be, a probationary state of
misery, torments, and affliction ; a curse, a prey
about which Satan disputes with the Creator; but a
paradise, in which man is reconciled with this present
state of life, where his feelings and desires are in
harmony with nature, with the universe, of which
man sees himself and his whole race a part, and not
in perpetual conflict with it, and with his fellow-man.
Let his expectations about a future state after his
deatli be whatever they may, he will see there is no
reason to exclude him from the full enjoyments of his
life in this present world, for which his nature is made.



And he will easily conceive that a life of happiness
and harmony with his fellow-men ; a life in which he
fulfils the destiny of his nature, can make him hetter
prepared for a paradise hereafter, than a life of torment
and hell.

A comparative view of the common life at present
and of that altainahle hy the new means will show the
contrast between both more plainly.



166

I. IN PHYSICAL RESPECTS :

»4t present :

Man hc'is to pay for every thing he wants for his life,
comfort, or pleasure ; because every thing he wants is
the product of human labour. So if he has nothing to
pay with, the world, with all its delights for man, is a
strange place to him, of which he has no part.

The world is a penitentiary to man, in which he is
condemned to work for life.

Man is a poor, helpless, trifling being, with all his
drudgery; for he spends his whole life in handling
some little tool or other ten thousand times, ever again
and again in the same way, until his death, for pro-
ducing some little things, for little use, or none at all.



Man lives in a very narrow world ; for it is gene-
rally not much larger to him than his workshop or field :
the rest of the world is very little or nothing to him,
except what he can buy with his money out of it.



I«7



By the new means :

Man is at liberty to enjoy whatever the world pro-
duces for human life; there is no labour, no pay, but
superabundance of every thing that is good for man.
He sees there the whole world as his property and
friendly home.

The \\orld is a paradise to man, free of all labours,
full of endless delights and pleasures.

Man is powerful like a god ; at his command he
may change the face of the world ; he is lord of the
gigantic powers of nature, by which he may produce,
without labour, in one year, more than before could be
done in ten thousand years. He has objects of activity
of a never-ending variety, and of ten thousand times
greater importance and utility than before.

INIan lives continually with thousands of his fellow-
men together, in all enjoyments of life ; he roves
about among an endless variety of amusing, delight-
ing, and instructive objects; in his brilliant, beautiful
palace ; in his magnificent gardens ; in foreign places,
countries, and quarters of the globe; in all climates ;
in beautiful paradisaical floating islands ; he may see
every other day a new country ; he may be to-day in
America, to-morrow in the West Indies, the next
week in Europe, or Africa, or Asia, or in some island
of the Pacific Ocean ; receive and impart every day
some new intelligence. He sees the world million times
greater and more beautiful than it was before to him;
every where he is at home, among friends; no pay is
asked, no charge is made; he is a welcome guest
everywhere; for he deprives nobody of any thing for



168

At present :



The world is a very indiflferent place to him; for,
except what he can eat, drink, or use — and that costs
mohey, and is rather scarce, it is to him but a mass of
dirt, with some vermins and weeds on it.



Man is taught, and he feels the truth of it, that
this world is a vale of misery, which is to give him a
foretaste of hell ; to save himself from it, he has to
suffer a great deal in the present wicked world.

If man had equal chances with brutes for life, he
would attain a proportionate older age. Quadrupeds
live generally six or seven times as long as their time
of full maturity is, before they become decrepid. Man
would have to live, accordingly, in an average, six or
seven times eighteen to twenty-four years, thats, 1 10 to
170 years. The patriarchs, it seems, lived to such an
age generally. Among those savage peoples which
are not refrained from obeying the impulses of their
nature, the sextuple period of their maturity, and up-
wards, seems to be no extraordinary age. Among us,
man hardly attains half that age. It is most rational
to inquire into the causes of this unnatural general
abbreviation of human life ; they are, perhaps, not
so very occult as might be imagined; and may be



169

By the new means :

his enjoymenl or use, as there is superabundance of
every thing- ; but the guest can only be interesting
for what he has to communicate or to exhibit. Novelty
can never get exhausted as long as he lives.

Man sees there the whole world full of varying
sceneries, to his delight and substantial benefit ; for
land and water, wherever he treads, is covered with
useful and beautiful growth of vegetables, and arti-
ficial objects ; all arranged in beautiful symmetry,
and prospects, to the delight of the eye, taste, feeling,
smell, and fancy, in endless variety.

Man sees the world to be a paradise, and may get a
foretaste of heaven in it, and so much the better pre-
pared for another paradise hereafter; for nothing will
impel there him to forfeit it.

If man, by equal chances with brutes for life, may
live to an age of 110 to 170 years, how much may
his life still further be prolonged by superior chances
for life !

Let us take a glance of the improvements to be
made by the proposed means.

There is no cause for compelling man to live worse
than brutes, for doing any thing against his inclina-
tion, or living in more dirt and impurities than brutes.

He has not only equal chances for life, in every
respect, with brutes ; but all are superior to those of
any brute's life.

The food is most cautiously, as far as science teaches,
to be selected, prepared, and purified, before it comes
to his enjoyment. His beverage, water, or any liquor,

Q



m



At present :

discovered without great learning, and then be found
remediable.

The chances for life, in which man stands yet equal
with the brutes, are these : —

Man satisfies the cravings of his appetites pretty
nearly as well, or as ill, as the brutes do. He imbibes
air and water, such as nature or chance present to him,
with all the accidental impurities and admixtures of
stufis injurious to health and life, as brutes do: he
never knows how to purify them, nor cares for it, nor
would his poor circumstances allow him to do any such
thing that requires some combination of means arid
situation. He swallows a good deal of impurities into
his stomach, from whence many injurious parts of his
food are carried into his blood, &c. He swallows a
great quantity of still more injurious stuffs, invisibly
with his breathing air, into his lungs ; from thence they
are carried immediately into the innermost recesses of
his vitality throughout his body, by ti'ansformation into
blood, &c. He imbibes the same through billions of
pores, with which the exterior of his body is perforated.
He swallows a great deal of dust. So far man shares
the ignorance, helplessness, and the fate of the brutes.

It maybe objected, that we have physicians to apply
to in case of sickness; and so we may, if we need
not to be afraid of large bills, nauseous stuifs, &c.;
but experiences teach, that among peoples who have
no physicians, diseases, bad health, and mortality are
at least not more frequent than among those who are
amply provided with physicians. Still the patients



171



' By the new means :

is also raost cautiously to be selected, prepared, and
purified for him : water, &c. is filtrated or distilled, so
that all admixture of any injurious stuff is made im-
possible. The air he inhales is not the common at-
mospheric air, with all its injurious admixtures, but
chemically purified and improved by wholesome in-
vigorating admixtures, throughout his stupendous pa-
laces ; and this might be effected, even in the open
atmosphere, by peculiar contrivances. The tempera-
ture is always such as agrees best with his feeling and
constitution. He is never exposed to any unwhole-
some moisture, cold, or disagreeable heat and trans-
piration. His clothes are of a make so as to obstruct
never in any way his perspiration and absorption of
his skin. He never swallows dust, because there is
none, neither within his palace, nor in the walks,
&c., of the surrounding gardens, being both of vitri-
fied substances, and guarded against dust from with-
out by proper contrivances, and no filth being ever
brought in or tolerated there. He never inhales the
impurities, exhaled out of the lungs of men or ani-
mals, they being absorbed, by adapted contrivances
of substances, by their chemical affinition. His trans-
piration is never kept between his skin and clothes ;
but the change and cleaning of clothes may be done
hourly without trouble ; they are there more objects
of ornament than of necessaries. He may bathe
himself at any moment in cold or warm water, in
steam, or in some other invigorating and cleaning
liquors, without trouble.






172



■ :At present .•

cannot do without physicians, and ihe physicians not
without patients : all this is very natural in our pre-
sent slate of means and society. But what is lacking,
is a far greater extent of means for multiplying expe-
riments and ohservations, and enlarging the study of
nature, a general diffusion of knowledges of their
results, so as to enable every one to be his own physi-
cian in the best way, a situation, preventative against
bad health. All this is unfeasible in the present state
of general poverty and opposite individual interests,
though most essential to life and health.

The chances for life, in which man fares a great
deal worse than brutes, are these : —

He has to work, when he would fain 'rest. He has

to watch, when he would fain sleep. He has to sit or

stand still, when he would like to move about. He

has to over-exert himself against his utmost desire.

He has a great many bad habits, injurious to health,

such as intemperance, in consequence of preceding

wants or over-excited desires, grown into habits at

length, in eating and drinking, unchastity, Sec. He

has to expose himself to wet, heat, and cold, while

brutes will take shelter. He is confined to rooms or

to workshops, where he has to inhale the bad smells

and unwholesome effluvia of stuffs he is working at,

and of men and beasts, which they transpire and

exhale out of their lungs. He wears clothes, which,

though they protect him but poorly against heat and

wet, obstruct his transpiration, and the absorption of

gas, necessary to his life, through the pores, which



173

By the new means :

Physicians may be had without pay: every adult
will be a physician, with more physical knowledges
than any physician could have acquired hitherto. The
remedies will there consist more in preventative cir-
cumstances in diet, in making the best arrangements
of all what affects and surround man, than in mere
swallowing some nauseous stuff after the disease has
taken place. Such are to be the chief objects of study
and observation, not of a particular class of a few in-
dividuals, but of erery human being througli life, in
union with all his fellow-creatures.

So man will no more be as ignorant as brutes in
things that concern his health and life, but as much
superior in knowledges as his intellect is to theirs.

The necessary consequences are, that man enjoys
there constantly a vigorous health, with the bloom of
youth and prime of life at an age, when now man is
decrepid, and tottering towards his grave.

Man is then from his infancy, and already in the
womb, formed with a vigorous constitution and happy
disposition for a long and happy life.

That human life can be prolonged by known phy-
sical means, is no matter of doubt to any man who
ever troubled himself with thinking about it. But
to point out the limit of prolongation, is not for our
age yet.

The truly useful sciences, the knowledges of nature,
are yet in their infancy ; they have gained general
credit only since the last century ; but what little is there
q2



174



At present .-

keep always more or less disai^reeable smell of injuri-
ous dirt between his clothes and skin. The micros-
cope shows, that the skin is perforated with billions
of pores, as outlets or inlets of his body ; that these
pores are continually ejecting watery liquors, like
fountains ; and that these pores or canals are con-
tracted or widened according as the surrounding tern -
perature is cooler or warmer ; observations teach, that
they absorb from the next atmosphere, and that the
whole state of vital functions is chiefly depending from
these operations. He is too frequently bound to tillhy
lodgings for years. His clothes are generally of a
fashion, that they keep some parts of the body warm,
while they leave others uncovered, which but serves to
increase the sensibility and evil consequences : the
clothes keep him warm in the dry stale, but keep him
wet in rain and great perspirations, and cause thereby
violent obstructions of the operations of his pores, that
are necessary to health and life, till they cause fevers,
rheumatism, or other diseases, which often enough end
in premature death.

The brutes are exempt from such evils, except the
domestic ones, which man has enslaved like himself.

There are yet other causes to shorten the human
life, to \^hich the brutes are not subject. JVian is kept
in troubles and cares, in anxiety, in imaginary fears,
in angry passions or grief, from infancy to old age.
He has to exert his mind against his will, in learning
many things, that necessity or customs peremptorily



175



By the new means :

discovered of them is already enough for effecting
what is stated.

There is no cause for intemperance of any kind ;
for taere is never any over-excitement for it, the sa-
tisfaction of appetites being never opposed or ob-
structed, and whatever may injure health being re-
moved, so that there be no temptation for mischievous
enjoyments.



There is no cause nor object of fear and quarrels,
no onipulsion to any disagreeable occupation and si-
tuation, no oppressive cares, nor disgusting mental
exertions to mean and litlle purposes. Man may live,
move, play, rest, eat, drink, bathc,sleep, study, observe
and do v\hatever he please, except what is hurtful.

That serenity of mind, happy temper, is the result



176

At present:

claim of him. His sensibility is thereby often over-
excited, or his mind and feelings oppressed : the state
of the vital functions is intimately connected with the
mental operations ; the feelings, and, in consequence,
life and health, are affected thereby. Who knows
not, that fear, fright, anger, grief, disappointments in
love, &c., may cause fevers, and other diseases, and
death, or premature old age ; in children, obstruction
in their growth and development of their nature, &c. ?
The brutes are subject to some of these evils, but in a
very inferior degree, and, to many others of them, not
at all.

Man is superior to brutes in chances for life in no
respect. For — whatever he may boast of his superi-
ority in knowledges and understanding — he knows ge-
nerally but very little of his own nature, and nature in
general, that may be useful for preservation of health
and life. What we call, among us, sciences and arts,
is generally but for amusement, for vain show, or for
getting money from our fellow-man, the paramount
object of all human endeavours iu our present state of
general ignorance and trivialness. We amuse and are
amused with imaginary notions; grasp after shadows,
and lose sight of what really could be useful for hu-
man life. For what avail all our speculations, all
k nowledges of useless or imaginary things, all posses-
sions of money and relative wealth, if they Ciinnotsave
us from suffering, sickne5^F, melancholy, or anger, and
premature death



» 177

By the new means :

of good health, of pleasant objects that affect the
mind and feelings, aannot be denied, unless defying
every day's experiences.

A combination of all the stated means must then
produce a condition of men so much superior to the
present of any man on earth, that our language wants
words to describe, or to give some faint idea of it : it is
but by reflection on the means presented, that the
new sphere of life may b© conceived.



-.^



178

At present :

Nearly one-half of men die in their infancy and
childhood, and hardly one-tenth attain the age of fifty
years, of which nearly all have then lost the prime of
life.

The inherent affection of man for his family and
friends causes the greatest distress to him. For he
never is able to make them as happy as he would w ish
to see them ; but feels only multiplied his own suffer-
ings by the suflferings of the objects of his love and
affection. This faculty of man, so essential for his
happiness and the preservation of his species, is gene-
rally a continualsource of cares, grief, and vexations
to him.

Conjugal love is lessened and destroyed at last, by
disappointments, reciprocal claims and inability to sa-
tisfy them, avarice or dissipations on one or the other
side, or other different propensities and desires in eco-
nomical respects, vexations, disagreeable temper, neg-
ligence of personal appearance, want, cares, perplex-
ities, disagreeable situation, weariness of each other
by being compelled to live constantly together under
various disagreeable circumstances and impressions.
Matrimony is often but a partnership for pecuniary
self-interest, where love has little or no share in it
from the beginning. How many indifferent or unfor-
tunate matrimonies are not to be found ? Not one-
tenth proves to be happy. Yet the love of the sexes
is the strongest passion, and destined for the greatest
happiness.



179



By the neio means :

By the systematical arrangements, as pointed out,
very few men will die a premature death ; and the
prime of life will have generally a far greater extent
than fifty years.

Affection and love are fostered and heightened.
They are the source of the greatest happiness of life.
They are of the happiest effects upon the human cha-
racter and social life, without producing any of the
evil consequences now existing. The hostile feelings
will be suppressed, and make room for sympathy with
all fellow-creatures. Man's enjoyments and pleasures
are multiplied by those of the objects of his affection
and love.

Conjugal love is there the natural impulse. No
pecuniary interest opposes nor prostitutes there the
love. No compulsion is there to live and have inter-
course together against their inclination. Nothing
but love is left for cause to visit and to admit each
other, every male and female adult having an apart-
ment by itself. Most elegantly and brilliantly
dressed and lodged, in the bloom of health, with a
cheerful temper, without cares or troubles, living in
the utmost cleanliness, surrounded but by pleasant
objects, no disgust is ever occasioned, and love is
ever new aud pure. Independent in their respec-
tive situations, no dispute, or disorder, or despotism,
can ensue. They come together but for pleasant con-
versation and mutual pleasure. Decency, fine be-
haviour, self-respect, need not there to be recom-
mended — they are a matter of course ; because every



180
At present



Father and mother will do every thing in their power
to make their offspring happy. They would sacrifice
even their lives to save that of their children. They
drudge and toil, not so much for their own benefit
as for that of their children. They grieve at their
sufferings, hut too often in vain. They see them ripen
to maturity, towards a life of disgrace, of poverty, of
slavery, of drudgery and perils, of ignorance, &c. ;
hut they cannot help it, or are not aware of it : they
would die of grief, did they know the future misery
of their beloved children ; hut the glimmering of de-
lusive, flattering hopes, always for the best, cheers
their minds only till sad disappointment. I every
man's fate was faithfully recorded, what melancholy
aspect of human life in general would we then have ?
Out of one hundred human lives not one would ex-
hibit some cheerful picture. Every one may ask the
histories of his own family and acquaintances, and
see what heart-rending scenes, and mournings, and
sufferings stept into the places of fond hopes. Poverty,
want, fear of want, and their consequence, self-inter-
est, stifle or diminish too frequently the affection even
between parents and children.

Parents have to train up their children in dirt and
rags, to toil and hardships, to sufferings and woes, and
foresee them in part. Their children, in return for
their affection, grow cold and indifferent towards them.
They grow up in bad habits, sour, angry, and malig



181



By the new means :

tiling" that disg-usts, gives no pleasure ; and no plea-


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Online LibraryJ. A. (John Adolphus) EtzlerThe paradise within the reach of all men, without labour, by powers of nature and machinery : an address to all intelligent men → online text (page 12 of 14)