J. A. (John Adolphus) Etzler.

The paradise within the reach of all men, without labour, by powers of nature and machinery : an address to all intelligent men online

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Online LibraryJ. A. (John Adolphus) EtzlerThe paradise within the reach of all men, without labour, by powers of nature and machinery : an address to all intelligent men → online text (page 9 of 14)
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how, by means of this, the future establishments are to
be created, without expenses and labour; and how, in
five or ten years, even an universal paradise superior to
all what is known may be created.

I have thus fulfilled my first promises. I ofi'er to
give any further explanations on these subjects that
may be required, as soon as an association is organized.
I shall communicate all the required details of the
mechanism of the machinery to be applied, when the
association is large enough, and has at least 200,000



dollars subscribed for the first establishment, and
agreed to the conditions in the proposed constitution
expressed. This is necessary to insure success, and
not to deprive myself of the means for being active in
this cause. It is, however, uiklerstood, that the society
keep all their funds to be applied in their own hands,
and that I engage myself only to communicate all
what is requisite for the execution of the plans. This
communication shall be made in full, without any
reserve, gratis, if I do not convince perfectly the
society of the practicability of the proposals ; and I
reserve only in the case of executing the proposals the
share in the profit as stipulated in the proposed con-

Thus, every member will be at liberty to withdraw
his obligation, after all communications are made of me.

I have thus done, and am willing to do, all what
reasonably can be desired of me.

It is now put into the power of the intelligent
reader to judge, whether my proposals are founded in
reason, in evident truths, as I assert, or not. If they
are, they must be the strongest inducement for further
inquiry; they must anniLilate all the preconceptions
against them, and convince the mind, that the attain-
ment of the immense objects in view are by no means
impossible; and that the application of the exhibited
immense powers requires but adapted contrivances, of
which the system is also stated. This is what I in-
tended by this address ; and I have now to wait for
the effect it \ull produce, before I can do any thing
more in this cause. I consider this address as a touch-


stone, to try whether our nation is in any way acces-
sible to these great truths, for raising tlie human
creature to a superior state of existence, in accordance
with the knowledges and the spirit of the most culti-
vated minds of the present time — or whether 1 have to
look out for a more congenial spirit somewhere else.
For it cannot reasonably be expected, that I should
doom such glorious discoveries to the grave, merely
out of regard to dulness and unjustifiable prejudice
of any people in the world.

Americans ! you are offered things which you could
not buy by mountains of gold, and if they were as
large as your rocky mountains. You are offered to
live henceforth in magnificent, beautiful, and brilliant
palaces, which the mightiest monarchs on earth were
too poor to have ; in blissful paradises, where all is
splendour, beauty, and delight ; where luxuriancy of
growth affords superabundance of all what is delicious
to man ; where you may array yourselves in all what
is beautiful and brilliant ; where you may lead a life
of continual feast, free of labour, of want and fear of
want, in endless variety of enjoyments and pleasures,
in rapidly increasing knowledges for removing and
lessening more and more the evils of nature incident
to human life, and enjoying invigorated vitality. You
are offered the dominion over the world, not by iron
sway of tyrants, but by benign influence on the happi-
ness of humankind, by attaching men to you by the
most substantial blessings on earth. You are ofll'ered


the means to change the whole face of nature, on land
and sea, into whatever man wishes to see, by magic-
like power. You have afforded hitherto an asylum to
the oppressed and persecuted of foreign nations — a
far greater glory is reserved to you. You may hence-
forth cause a regeneration of mankind to a far supe-
rior kind of beings, with superior enjoyments, know-
ledges, and powers.

You have here the fundament of this discovery :
some people may ridicule it, but they cannot disprove
it; it is mathematically demonstrated before you.
The remaining details shall be communicated to you,
when you show an earnest desire for knowing them.

Look at the powers and means that are stated be-
fore you with mathematical evidence. Can you
discover any material error in the statement? If not,
can any of you behold them with dull insensibility,
or perhaps with childish derision ! — Can any of you
refuse his most eager inquiry into the offered means ?
Can any of you behold these joyful and awful means
without trembling, for fear some foreign people may
come to the knowledge and possession of them before
you, and abuse them for enslaving you and tarnishing
your national glory for ever ?

You are offered to associate into bodies, for close
investigation and mature deliberation, to ascertain the
merit of the proposals, without expenses : you may
then induce your government to patronise or lead the
applications of the means, if you think proper.

Ye, who form the councils of the nation, and who
are the leaders of the people — here is an extensive un-


trodden field for the exercise of your wisdom, talents,
patriotism, and beneficial influence on mankind at
large — the time is come when you are put to the
alternative, to show to the world, whether you are
guided by wisdom or prejudice. It is not a mere
transient, humble individual that speaks to you ; it
is omnipotent truth proved and recorded, which will
bear incorruptible witness to the world either for or
against you.









BIT jr. A. £TZIi£Ifi.


Toil and poverty will be no more among men
Nature affords infinite powers and wealth ;
Let us but observe and reason.

The wise examines before he jud ges;
The fool judges before he examines.



The first part explains the general ideas on the sub-
ject of the paradise to he created for all men. This
second part is to point out the gradual proceedings for
the introduction of those means into our country.

1 shall here begin with the most simple and the
least expensive experiment, and then pursue, step by
step, the most natural course to be taken in this
country, until all the ultimate objects of the paradise
be attained.

No country in the world is evidently better situated
and constituted for the application of the means in
contemplation, without the least detrimental conse-
quences to any person, than the United States. Free
from the blast of arbitrary despotism, with an unculti-
vated territory, sufficient for the reception of more
than one hundred millions of men, which might revel
here in superabundance of all necessaries, comforts,
and luxuries of life, the United States might easily
accelerate their march towards their supreme power
and influence over the whole world, by inducing emi-
grants from Europe to settle in our extensive wilder-
nesses in the west, with the application of the proposed
means. It would require from Congress nothing more
than to grant tracts of land for settlements, on reason-
able terms, with a credit for a few years. The pay for



such land might be discharged by extensive improve-
ments for the benefit of the nation, such as rail-roads,
canals, draining of swamps, dams along rivers against
noxious inundations, establishments for new settlers
and travellers, vehicles for transporting men, and things
of any bulk and weight, over land and water, to the
immense benefit of the community at large, which the
new means aff'ord.

The first society for the application of some or all
the proposed means, after having made some small
establishment for the practice and exhibition of them,
may obtain from the government patents for their new
inventions, and for tracts of land to be settled and cul-
tivated by their new means.

The immense forests of the nation afford not the
least income, even for generations to come yet, if
things go on as hitherto. The application of the pro-
posed means, and if it were but for the cultivation of
soil at the beginning, by which man may change,
without labour, any wilderness into the finest gardens,
to any extent of the country, would rapidly draw a
vast concourse of emigrants from the older parts of
the United States, and chiefly from Europe, to our
unsettled western country, if our government would
make some suitable provisions of laws for encouraging
settlements, which might easily be done, to the great
incalculable benefits both to the settlers and the
nation in general. It is not the extent of surface that
adds any thing to the power and weal of the nation ; it
is the increase of population and aggregate wealth that
constitute our national greatness. If we have means
to produce that greatness of our nation within our


time, what reason should there be to leave this to be
done by a remote posterity? Where is the man
whose pulse will not beat quicker, when he conies to
understand the means for rendering our free country,
within a few years, the most beautifully cultivated one
in the whole world — to see our immense monotone
woods and dismal sw:amps turned into the most de-
lightful gardens, abounding of every thing that
pleases the sight, and taste, and the smell, and the
fancy ; to travel on beautifully bordered rivers, canals?
rail-roads, in any direction, from the Atlantic to the
Pacific Ocean, within a few days, in all imaginable
comforts and ease? And this would be but part
of the results of the application of all the means

Let but the first experiment be known in Europe ;
grant to emigrants land, as much as they want to cul-
tivate, on fair terms, and a credit of from three to ten
years — which will be no risk for the government, and
none for the settlers ; and you will see the effects ! —
The dense population in Europe, the abhorred system
of government there, the universal dissatisfaction of
the great mass of the people, the distress and oppres-
sion that afflict the majority of the people, the certain
prospect to a far happier life, without exertions, in
this country — all will conspire to direct unheard-of
torrents of emigrations to our country ; add to this>
that henceforth the ocean may be crossed in a few
days by new, powerful means, not in fragile vessels,
but on indestructible floats, or floating islands, with-
out danger, in all comforts and ease.
Americans ! this is the course you have to take, and


your unparalleled glory and dominion over tlic world
is a decided matter.

This course is in accordance with the proceedings
you have followed hitherto. It is quite natural to
your situation, to your constitution and laws. Con-
gress grant tracts of land to societies which undertake
the cultivation of the grape, or of the silkworm, or of
some produces that may add to the henefit of the com-
munity at large ; and the same grant patents for in-
ventions and improvements: our constitution requires
to do so, because it behoves to an enlightened nation
to encourage whatever tends to the improvement of
the human condition, in physical, moral, and intellec-
tual respects. Nothing else is required now, for in-
ducing people of our own and foreign countries to
apply the proposed means for changing your barren
forests into gardens of delight and superabundance.
Millions and tens of millions will, and must, emigrate
from distressed Europe within a few years. The
knowledge of the proposed means, the first and sim-
plest experiments, in their application will powerfully
excite the minds, and facilitate emigration, and set-
tling in wildernesses, in a degree unexperienced yet.
It is nothing but your liberal institutions, that may
attract the tide of emigrants from Europe to your coun-
try, in preference to others. The American country is
extensive, and very thinly inhabited. The middle and
southern parts afford superior climates, and are not
inferior to the United States in any other respect, ex-
cept in their progress of civilisation and institutions.
Hitherto emigrants and new settlers had to encounter
many dangers, hardships, and difficulties, and a great


part of tliem fell victims to their enterprising spirit.
Tb.ey had to undergo hard labour, to cut the trees
vith the axe, to unroot the brushes wiih the hoe, to
rtmove and destroy the massy piles of timber and
brushes, to work with the spade and the plough, to
reap with the sickle and scythe, &c. &c. ; they
hi'.d to pay the work of beasts for draught dearly, by
raising large crops for their food, with hard toil;
they had no other prospects for many years, but con-
tinual hard labour ; the hopes of acquiring gradually
an indepc.ident situation, and improvement of their
condition, could only induce them to set about for
ruch arduous task. But how many have been sadly
disappointed in their fond hopes?— Sickness and pre-
mature death, in consequence of unwholesome exha-
lations of putrid swamps, or decaying vegetables in
tluir r.ci;.!:libourhood, of being compelled to expose
their bodies to all the bad influences of wet, heat, and
cob!, — of improper food, over-exertions of their bodily
strength, — have but too frequently been the rewards for
their l•au(^•^ble enterprises. Look at the western popu-
lation in the backwoods ! — Tbe emaciated pale faces
of the greatest part, especially in summer, exhibit the
enfeebled state of their health.

J3;it, si'ppose extensive tracts of land, cleared at
once from their spontaneous growth, that kept the soil
in pcvpetiial shade, the rivers and creeks confined in
properly narrowed channels by dams, the swamps
drained by ditches, or filled up, the decaying vege-
tables removed, the soil in this state exposed to the
rays of the sun for one or more years ; suppose such
an improvement to be, not for some hundreds of acres,

M 2


as you find them now at most, but for ten, twenty, or
more miles in diameter— and you will have a climate
as fine and healthy as any where on the globe may be
found under equal latitude. This can be effected,
without human labour, within one year, by one of the
most simple means of my proposals. Render such
improvements of land any where in our western
countries accessible to the poor as well as to the rich,
which may be done to the greatest benefits for the
nation, for the owners of the ground, and for the set-
tlers themselves ; and your wildernesses will soon be
thronged with inhabitants, feeling themselves happier
than ever a people was. Your hideous wilderness,
that is now but the habitation of brutes, and venom-
ous or loatlisonie vermin, and a few scattered misera-
ble Indians, will rapidly become the delightful abodes
of happy, intelligent, human beings. By a simple
application of the new means, the soil so prepared,
will be covered with luxuriant growth of all desirable
vegetables that the climate admits of, the finest gar-
dens, extending many miles in every direction, in
beautiful arrangement and symmetry, will, at once
appear. Snakes, mosquitoes, and other troublesome
vermin will have disappeared, the causes of their
existence being annihilated. These first great things
may be effected by the superintendence of two or
four men, at the rate of several hundred acres per
day !

The next objects to be created are those buildings
which the proposed means afford. It would be folly
itself to live in buildings of our present make, which
require now so much ado, and are, after all, compara-


tively speaking, but poor contrivances. People may
then please their own fancy, and adapt the buildings
to their utmost "wishes, without working, or troubling
themselves, and uilhout expenses of account.

Next to the habitations in all the devised novel
splendour, and enjoyments, and comforts, come the
furnitures, garments, and dresses into consideration ;
and establishments for the productions of the proposed
kind, are to be created and put into operation.

It will readily be conceived, that not every commu-
nity needs an establishment for composing and con-
structing the materials for buildings, and other com-
modities, furnitures, machineries, dress, Sec. ; but one
• establishment of the kind is suiTicient for many com-
munities, after roads and means for transporting great
weights are established.

Next to tin?-, floating islands, constructed of the
materials which the piesent spontaneous growth of
timber chiefly aflbrd, for crossing the ocean at the rate
of 1000 miles in twenty-four hours. These large
floats, covered with earth and buildings, propelled by
mighl)i engines, that the powers of the motions of the
ocean, the wind, and the heat of the sun, at once may
operate upon, will be used for carrying the surplus of
productions to distant markets, and taking in return
the surplus of foreign climates, and thousands of
emigrating families, i'or settling in the new prepared

These emigrations and new settlements must, in
the progress of the new means, become cheaper and
cheaper, and soon be almost of no expenses at all to


the undertakers, while they yield uncalculable benefits
to the same, to the nation, and the settlers.

It is incumbent to the government of the United
States to take the lead of these great events, and it
will have to make some arrangement. If the govern-
ment understands the interest of the nation, it cannot
help affording every facility and encouragement to
new-comers from the old country; for their settling is
an increase of the nation, and even more valuable than
any conquest in foreign countries. It will require but
little additions to the present provisions of laws for
peopling the uninhabited regions of the United
States. What the most beneiicial arrangements are
to be, will immediately be suggested by the nature of
the means, and the advantages to be derived from a
great population. Sound policy will permit emigra-
tion as long as there is any good to be derived for the
nation ; and this is the case as long as there is room
enough for producing the suflicient necessaries and
comforts for the whole population. This policy must
not only iWt throw no impediment in the way of emi-
grating and settling ; but it must also facilitate the
same, and make> all the arrangements the new means
afford. These arrangements consist but in increasiing
|lie simple machineries as proposed ; and these machi-
neries are of such materials as will cost little or
nothing ; the converting of the raw materials into the
machineries and buildings, and the other articles for
the use of men cost nothing.

The immediate effect of the application of the new
means will be, that all what now constitutes wealth


will lose its value. So what is at present called wealth
will be of no consideration. The emiu;rants from
foreign countries need not to have property ; and if
they have, it will be of little use. For what bencHt
could they derive from it here, when the new means
are in application? — The means for their transport,
floating- islands on sea, and large vehicles on adapted
roads by land, are made by machineries that cost no-
thing ; they are propelled by powers that cost nothing,
and conducted by men whose labour is not required ;
who live thereon at ])leasure, and may cost nothing, or
an insignificant trifle at most. The soil is prepared by
machineries, the buildings are erected, the articles of
use and comfort are made, by machineries that cost
nothing. So the emigrants may find every thing
prepared for reception ; they have but to take posses-
sion, learn to superintend the new establishments, and
continue to improve their happy situation. In return
for these great benefits, which could now not be bought
by any wealth, they have only to enlarge their estab-
lishments, their cullivation of soil, their buildings 5cc.,
to multiply new establishments for other new settlers,
to extend the roads and other improvements, for the
general benefit of the nation, by their increasing means
and machineries, which will cost nothing but the su-
perintendence of a small portion of themselves. This
is the proceeding of all emigrants. Their actual pro-
perty will then be of no account. The whole arrange-
ments will then consist in making contracts with the
emigrants for paying their new possessions created in
that matter as mentioned, by making certain other
establishments of the same kind, roads, dams, floats,


and other new improvements, within a certain time,
by their new means. This requires no habour on their
part, and no wealth, but only some pleasant attention
and occupation, by turn, amoni^ themselves. Their pro-
perty of the present kinds, if they had any, could effect
nothing in all these new purposes, and would be, at
most, but a trifling addition. All wants are to be sup-
plied by the productions of the means, or by the ex-
change of surplus with that of foreign climates. All
tliis is to be effected in a general way, without expenses
of individuals. All artificial productions of our pre-
sent time can then have but very little, or no intrinsic
value, they being superseded by other productions, that
cost nothing. So whatever can be bought with money
now, will have no value. If the artificial products
should be of any use at all, it must be to place some
of them into the museum, merely to preserve them
for after ages : they may then excite curiosity, as spe-
cimens of our present industry ; they may then truly
excite wonder at the great pains we have taken for
producing so few little things and small toys, nearly in
the same manner as when we behold in a museum
now the curious trifles of savages.

Therefore, it is not what we call now wealth, but
the number of human individuals and intelligence,
in which you will have to look for the increase of
national wealth, and power, and influence.

Thus, without a combined system of arrangements,
but merely by contracts, that require no sacrifice from
the nation on one side, and neither wealth nor exertion
from the settlers on the other side, a new and infinitely
happier state of things than any conceived yet, may be


effected in our country, and gradually in the whole
world, without any violence ; for one community, or
settlement, will always provide for a number of others
to come after tliem ; then every one of these has to do
the same for others to succeed, and so forth. Suppose,
for instance, a community should finish in one year
nine establishments, with buildings and the finest
gardens sufficient for at least 1000 individuals each,
it would then require no more than, at most, ten
men's continual employment ; and if the community
have 500 adults proper for it, it would require, out of
fifty days, one for attendance of every one. So every
community may increase, without exertion or tedious
occupation of any human being, but in a play-like
manner, to ten communities, provided with the most
sumptuous habitations and gardens, and every thing
desirable. The communities would thus increase in
theprogression,— 1, 10, 100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000,
&c. Supposing every community to be of 1000 indi-
viduals, the sixth succession would amount to 100
millions of men, with completed establishments of the
new purposed kind. At the sujiposed rate, in six years
the whole European population might be provided for
in the stated manner.

Thus your country may soon be densely populated,
and a continual garden from the Atlantic to the Pa-
cific Ocean, filled with all that is delightful to man ;
with palaces, and roads with locomotive conveniences,
in every direction for travelling, \\ithin two or three
days, from one extremity of the United Slates to the
other, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. Many


p^reat things, not thought of yet, y.\\\ then he imme-
diately executed. You will acquire rapidly tlie means
for effecting- in one year more than hitherto could he
done in thousands of years, hy the densest population.
Your government will then have to pursue ohjects
widely different from what they are now, and of a far
greater extent, and of a superior kind. Your system
of society will he far less complicated. There will he
no tax-gathering, no occasion for complicated laws
for the protection of private property. Your military

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Online LibraryJ. A. (John Adolphus) EtzlerThe paradise within the reach of all men, without labour, by powers of nature and machinery : an address to all intelligent men → online text (page 9 of 14)