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Exercises on the grinr alogues
nd contractions of Pitman's
shorthand.



' . C . Qrov;




THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



Exercises

on the

-ainmalogues and Contractions



of



J. F. C. GROW




6d.



LONDON

AC PITMAN & SONS, LTD., I AMEN* CORNER, R.C,

BATH: PHONETIC INSTITUTE
NEW YORK: 2 WEST 45 STREET

THE RIAI.TO, COLLINS SIREfiT



TORONTO, CANADA
THE COMMERCIAL TEXT BOOK Co.

OR

THE CO?P, CLARK Co., LTD.



EH



Exercises

on the

Grammalogues and Contractions

of

Pitman's Shorthand



1 H



J. F. C. GROW




LONDON
SIR ISAAC PITMAN & SONS, LTD., I AMEN CORNER, B.C.

BATH: PHONETIC INSTITUTE

NEW YORK: 2 WEST 45 STREET

MELBOURNE : THE RIAI.TO, COLLINS STREET



TORONTO, CANADA
THE COMMERCIAL TEXT BOOK Co.

OR
THE COPP, CLARK Co., LTD.



PRINTED BY SIR ISAAC PITMAN

& SONS, LTD., LONDON, BATH,

NEW YORK AND MELBOURNE



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CONTENTS



NTRODUCTION .

' KXERCISES IN TYPE



^ EXERCISES IN SHORTHAND . . . . .18

*f

*
GRAMMALOGUES PHONETICALLY ARRANGED 32



GRAMMALOGUES AND CONTRACTIONS ALPHABETICALLY
It]

ARRANGED ...... 34



INTRODUCTION

TT is admitted by all practical writers of Pitman's Shorthand
that one of the important factors in the taking and tran-
scribing of shorthand notes is a perfect knowledge of the logo-
grams and contractions. The exercises in this volume are
intended for the purpose of assisting shorthand- writers in this
direction.

There are several ways in which the exercises can be used

(1) The shorthand forms excellent reading practice, and there
is no better test of a knowledge of the logograms and contractions
than the reading of sentences mainly composed of such outlines.

(2) The type portion may be transcribed into shorthand, and
the shorthand portion referred to as a key.

(3) The shorthand may be copied, and such a practice not
only fixes the logograms and contractions in the mind, but it
is also a splendid aid to the development of a neat and rapid
style of writing.

(4) Teachers may dictate the exercises, and then students can
check their efforts by means of the shorthand. With this end
in view the exercises are marked in divisions of tens. It is
suggested that this dictation be given at varying rates, and
especially to speed students.

(5) A good plan to adopt is as follows

Give the students the letters A from the alphabetically-arranged
grammalogues and contractions for homework, and the following



VI INTRODUCTION

week dictate the sentences under the letter A. Students should
then read back from their own notes, or check their effort from
the shorthand. In sixteen weeks, or less where more than one
meeting weekly, the whole of the grammalogues and contractions
could be revised with very little effort on the part of the students,
and without materially interfering with the working of other
exercises. If necessary, two or more letters could be given at
a time.

In all these ways the exercises should do something to over-
come the weaknesses shown by some shorthand-writers in tlic
memorising of the logograms and contractions.

As a means of memorising the logograms there is no better
way than taking them phonetically, and for this purpose the
list of grammalogues, arranged phonetically, should prove of
great value. The alphabetic lists of grammalogues and con-
tractions are included for purposes of reference.



EXERCISES ON THE
GRAMMALOGUES AND CONTRACTIONS

A.

The letters of administration enabled the administrator and
administratrix to | acknowledge the documents, but the abstrac-
tion of the administrator after | the acknowledgment of the papers
led to the abandonment of | the enterprise, and although they
had all been properly acknowledged | according to law and were of
advantage some time ago, 1 yet by reason of the above circum-
stance they were not | able to apply themselves to the task and
approve subsequent | documents and proceed to administrate.
They were slow to acknowledge I the position in which they
found themselves, but they ought I to have looked at the con-
sequences in the beginning, as | any good business man would
do.

The administrative authority was I vested in the adminis-
trator and administratrix, and when they wished | to secure
some agricultural land for the purpose of engaging | in the business
of agriculture they inserted an advertisement in | the paper to
the effect that they would amalgamate their | interests ; but hi
the course of a few weeks they | were altogether unprepared
to carry out the amalgamation. This was I antagonistic to the
other side and the matter was submitted | to arbitration, but
as they were unable to arbitrate, the | appointment of a receiver
followed. As he acted in an | arbitrary manner and would not
listen to anything applicable to | the case, much antagonism
followed on the part of the I arbitrator and the arbitrament was
dropped.

The archbishop was deeply | interested in his work, and when
the building of the I Church of the Atonement was contemplated,
he engaged an architect | for the attainment of his object and
examined many architectural | designs and proceeded with the
erection of the edifice ; and I although the architect was aristo-
cratic and the parishioners were of I the aristocracy, yet, to the
astonishment of the members of I the Church, the expense was too
great and it was I found necessary to make an assignment which
certainly was not | auspicious. (311)

7



B.

The religious services were followed by the baptism of many |
men and women into the Baptist Church, including a few I benev-
olent persons who desired the minister in his benevolence to I
baptise them before he baptised other converts who were
perhaps | of a more benignant nature. The bondsman and the
bondservant, | although of a more lowly station, made vigorous
protest with | the result that the church went into bankruptcy.
When the I treasurer, on behalf of the congregation proceeded to
balance his | books, and had balanced about halfway through,
he could foresee I that the balances would not be sufficient
because funds had | been abstracted beyond recovery. It was
also discovered that they I had started to buy too much land,
but it was | then too late to rectify the mistake. (127)



G.

The character of the catholic captain was indicated by the I
circumstances of his request for a circumstantial certificate to
the | effect that the celestial cabinet were believers in the
principles | of Calvinism. One characteristic of the captain
was that he I was capable, and in a contingency he could be called I
upon to care for the children, teach a child Christianity, | lift a chair
with his little finger, engage in commercial | pursuits, cheer the
downhearted, maintain his opinions in Christian controversy |
and other controversial questions, conduct a cross-examination,
cure a cold, I draw up a covenant of warranty, and having cross-
examined a | witness he could, under most circumstances, instruct
him so that I he could come to an understanding of the Constitu-
tion and | live under constitutional law, and he was never known
to | put the cart before the horse. (136)



D.

Delinquency in business matters is dangerous, and degen-
eration of trade | is apt to follow if delinquent customers, who
are deficient | in honour or defective in memory, are permitted
to contract | debts. It is very dangerous to trust such persons,
no | matter what denomination they belong to, until they demon-
strate their I ability to pay. A doctor may trust democratic



LA

9 DALLAS, TXAS

patients in | the belief that democracy is honourable, and he
might feel I secure in denominationalism, but until he has had
a demonstration | during many months of their ability and
willingness to settle I up, he may pay dear for his confidence.
If a | postman should deliver a letter and a merchant make
delivery | of goods, if they are delivered promptly it makes little |
or no difference how they are delivered ; one is not I different
from the other. If we have deliverance from bodily I pain, we
say the doctor has done well, and we I put him down as a skilful
physician.

There was an | error in the description of the property and it
proved | destructive to the transaction. The house was in a
dilapidated | condition and had depreciated in value. The owner
had difficulty | in money matters, and although he had always
carried himself | in a dignified manner and prided himself on his
dignity, | yet the destruction of his property caused a dethrone-
ment of | his reason and he died a pauper.

The employee was | discharged because of his disinterestedness
which caused much displeasure and I disappointment to his
parents. His disrespectful manner was disproportionate to | his
distinguished birth. His opinions were dissimilar to those of |
his father, who wished his son to distinguish himself, but | the
doctrine of future punishment had no terrors for him | and he
went his own way. (286) v



E.

The Englishman was an ecclesiastic authority, and was noted
for | his efficiency in all ecclesiastical questions. He was con-
sidered the | most efficient clergyman in England, and in every
important emergency was | found equal to the occasion. Perhaps
in all English-speaking coimtries | he equalled the best. He was
eccentric in his delivery, | and, unlike many ministers, he had
made a study of | electricity, and in fact had taken out patents
for electrical | devices. His eye was clear and steady, and he was |
a bitter foe of all evil.

The Episcopalian clergyman was | an ^-enthusiastic worker
and his enthusiasm spread to his parishioners. I He made an
especial study of social work, resulting in | the entertainment
and enlightenment of his people, and with the | assistance of

2 (73)



10

James Smith, Esq., who was greatly interestedjin | church work,
he was able to establish social clubs and | thus enlarge the church ;
and the chancel was also enlarged, | and by this enlargement
and the establishment of these various | services everything was
brought to a high state of efficiency. |

It is expected that the expenditure for extemporaneous speakers
will | prove an expensive proceeding, and may extinguish the,
funds in | the treasury, and if they should be extinguished by
this | action it would certainly prove an extravagant action.
The executive I committee, however, which consisted of an execu-
tor and executrix, doubted | the expediency of this large expen-
diture, and upon the exchange I of views among the people the
clergyman exchanged pulpits with | a neighbour and thus the
large expenditure was avoided. (249)

F G H.

The falsification of the books by the accountant, who was, |
of course, familiar with the accounts, involved the bank in |
financial difficulty last February. This accountant was, of
course, quickly ( discharged and an assistant whose famili-
arity with the accounts was | inferior, was obliged to familiarise
himself. However, from henceforth the | institution will be
governed on more honest lines, and the I new book-keeper will
govern himself accordingly. It has generally been | managed
with the greatest care for a generation, and the I large quantity
of gold stored in the vaults was under | guard of gentlemen who
could go on bonds to almost | any amount and had given many
of their best years | in the service of the institution. One gentle-
man said that | he would give a hundred thousand dollars rather
than have I the bank fail. Henceforward no fear need be felt.

However | happy a man may think himself, things might
happen any | hour, indeed, they have happened to many, to cause
him | much misery. The man who appeals to high heaven for |
help has a chance to lead a holy life, but | he must know how to
keep his house always in | order. (191)

I.

I know the identical location of the store, and if I the manager
wishes good business, he must realise tho important } of immediate



11

s

delivery of his goods, for it is impossible I to make a success
if he is accustomed to neglect | his business and fails to make
improvements all the time^ It is impracticable to maintain
1 an imperturbable position in ai&1 impregnable fortress and then
ekpect people to come forward and | treat you in a cordial
manner. Rather by indefatigable labour | and courtesy, influence
customers to pome to you and the I improbability of their
deserting you will be great.

From information I which I received yesterday I was influenced
to try incandescent | lamps in my house. The old candles which
I us'M | were incapable of giving me sufficient light, but the incan-
descence I from the new light is glorious. The initial cost may I
be greater, but a man would on that account be 1 inconsiderate
to ruin his eyes. Besides, the candles are more | inconvenient
arid the cost should be incorporated in the annual | expenses.

T,he .inscription which was inscribed on the tablet was I inspected
by -'"an J independent gentleman, and although the inscription
represented I the deceased to have been an influential member
of society, | yet upon investigation he was informed that the indi-
vidual in\ | life had proved himself inefficient and far from indis-
pensable to | his fellows. In fact, his informer stated that his
influence 1 was insignificant, and that his insignificance was a
matter of | general knowledge. This information, although con-
trary to the inscription itseft, 1 was full of instruction to those
of his acquaintances wno | had always looked upon him as a
man of charSOTer. |

An inspection of the school led to the discovery of | insub-
ordination on the part of the scholars, and it was I deemed
necessary to increase the staff, which seemed to be entirely I in-
sufficient for the insurance of correct behaviour. The intelli-
gence Nof | the teachers was unquestioned and they could make
their lessons | intelligible to the intelligent pupils, but the lack of
interest | on the part of some of the pupils, and tne | fact that
others' were insubordinate, led to an investigation Jby I the
school authorities who were interested in the matter and | the
introduction of different methods of instruction.

The investment made | by the administrator of the funds
left by the ironmonger | proved to be a poor one and was
irrecoverable. It | was irregular in its nature;, and, irrespective



12

of the fact I that the administrator was a temperance man, he was
irresponsible I in a fiduciary capacity, but for some reason or
other | he was irremovable from this position ; nevertheless, his
irresponsibility caused I him to be regarded as uninfluential in
his community. (139)

J K L.

The knowledge of jurisprudence is most useful in the juris-
diction | of the court, but a knowledge of journalism does not |
necessarily effect an entrance into the Kingdom of Heaven.
1 1 do not know exactly how it occurred, but in January | a yellow
journal accomplished a journalistic feat of a shady I character,
without the knowledge of other papers, which largely increased I
its revenues which were already large, and perhaps larger than |
those of any paper hi the city. The justification for | the story
was due to the liberty of the press | and some of the language
used could not be found I in the word of the Lord. (106)



M.

The manuscript on the subject of magnetism was prepared
for | the monthly magazine, and the manufacturer gave a descrip-
tion of | the wonders of magnetic influence and the manufacture
of machines | which he said he had manufactured in Germany
many years | ago.

A marconigram is a message transmitted through space by |
a mechanical instrument at a maxiinuii speed of lightning.
Mr. | Marconi must be credited with the invention. I myself
do | not know him, nor does he know me, but as | a member of
the same society I hope we may 1 arrange a meeting at some
future time. He has probably I met more people than a mere
handful, and it is I my earnest wish that not much time shall
pass before I I see him. An ordinary messenger, although of a
melancholy I appearance, may be a mathematical genius and
become a noted I mathematician.

Methodism in the metropolitan district may have the mis-
fortune | to be grossly misrepresented, but the ministration of the
ministry I is so benignant in its nature that it is monstrous | to
misrepresent this branch of religion, and it should be I considered



13

a misdemeanour, the minimum punishment for which should be I
a union with some monstrosity and an exhibition in a | minstrel
show. It should be as much a misdemeanour as | for a man to
mortgage property which he does not | own. (221)



N.

The soldier, who was a nonconformist, never failed to pro-
claim | his adherence to the tenets of nonconformity, and not-
withstanding his | neglect of business, he did nothing to violate
his vows, | but, nevertheless, during the next month of November,
near | the northern boundary of the State, from his natural ten-
dency, | he neglected a number of the practices which naturally
belong I to that faith. (63)

o.

The original objection to the organisation was somewhat
clouded in | obscurity, but the observation that the objective
point of orthodoxy | was the overthrowing of infidelity met with
favour, and an | orthodox society was organised by a professional
organiser with the I object of clearing away the obstruction to
true faith and | to organise society on a higher level, and thus
eliminate | obstructive elements.

There is often an opportunity to change the I opinions of oneself,
and whatever other men may say, we I ought to study ourselves
over and over again and try | to find out of our own volition
whether, owing to | their selfishness, we owe anything to our
neighbour. (108)

P-Q.

Parliament performs peculiar functions of a parliamentary
nature, one peculiarity | of which was to license the performance
of a passenger | on the Northern Railway who, as a first-class per-
former on | the trapeze, performed many daring feats which
other passengers were | unable to perform.

The plaintiff, who was a phonographer, not I only took phono-
graphic notes of lectures while standing in a | perpendicular
position, but he was widely known as a philanthropist | engaged
in philanthropic works, for which he was even commended j



14

from the platform. He viewed society with a clear perspective, |
and his philanthropy was a subject of admiration and com-
mendation. |

The prerogative of a plenipotentiary is practically to remove
prejudicial | notions which he encounters in the discharge of
the duties | of his high office, and whenever practicable in their
preliminary | stages his practice is to warn opponents who have
practised I their profession as much as five years that they
endeavour | to remove prejudice in every practical way.

The probability is | that a proficient Presbyterian would in all
probability desire the I preservation of Presbyterianism , and
his adherence to this desire in | his professional capacity would
probably be productive of good results, I and it is probable that
his proficiency would be thus I enhanced.

The interest of the public in the publication of I the book, a
prospectus of which had been already advertised, | was published
far and wide as well as the prospective I profits to be derived
therefrom. The prospect of the ultimate I success of the project
was entertained by the publisher and | by a large proportion of
the citizens, who took a | proportionate interest in the stock of
the corporation which was I formed to publish the book. The
stock was proportionately distributed I and the enterprise was
proficiently advertised, and the duties of I the office were duly
proportioned to the respective abilities of I the printers.

One reason why so many people take particular | pleasure in
acquiring the principles of Phonography is principally the |
acquisition of a short mode of writing, but quite as I much,
perhaps, in the fact that it will put them | in a position to
earn a livelihood. It is questionable | if they should always
remain phonographers merely. (357)

R.

Rather than strive for the reformation of criminals, it would |
seem to be better that the reformer should endeavour to I reform
grafting politics in the city, and after that system | has been
reformed seek the regeneration of imprisoned criminals on | their
own recognizance, and rather before than after their escape |
from prison.



15

The remarkably clever apprehension of a thief by | a policeman
in the course of his regular duties was I witnessed in the avenue
to-day, but the remarkable strength of I the captive caused the
policeman to relinquish his hold on | the thief, who gave a
marvellous representation of fleetness of | foot at least so the
papers represented the affair whereupon | the policeman
remarked that whatever might be his religion or | his religious
views, he would remember it for all time ; I and after all, the
booty was not recovered and the | policeman could not even
remonstrate with him.

With all due | respect to the Republic, the resignation of the re-
publican representative | was repugnant to the best interests of the
party, and | the repugnance thus created was represented by the
withdrawal by I the citizens of then? further support.

The Rev. William Wilkins, | a respected clergyman of the
Episcopalian Church and holding a | responsible charge in an
important City which was in receipt | of a large revenue, recog-
nising his responsibility, preached to Jews | and Gentiles respec-
tively a sermon more or less retrospective in | its nature, and
containing references to the resurrection, which his | respec-
tive hearers listened to with interest. (246)

s.

The satisfaction which a sensible man can ecure from selfish |
deeds is not clearly understood by a man with a | nature of high
sensibility and generous instincts, who cannot believe | that any
satisfactory moral results can be obtained from a | life given to
selfishness. The fact that sometime in the I future he intends to
make a large contribution to charity | is no signification that
he has experienced a change of | heart.

It is singular that the stranger who wanted to | do something of
a subjective nature subscribed a round sum | to an enterprise
relating to the subject of building a | library, for that would be
of an objective nature, but | one explanation of the matter was
that he was under | subjection to the will of the President of the
institution. |

The subscription received was of a sufficient amount to erect I
a substantial library building. It was substantially furnished
by the | citizens, and for a time was used as a substitute | for the



16

church which had been destroyed by fire, so | that at times t he
library was turned into a church, | but the sufficiency of the
building for either purpose was | never questioned.

The stringency of the money market subjected the I trustees
of the school to the practice of economy in | their expenditures.
To the surprise of the citizens the strength | of the bank was
weakened, and its possible failure was 1 the subject of the
town's talk. They were, however, somewhat | surprised by the
significant remark of a wealthy citizen who | suggested that he
would advance a hundred thousand dollars if | other citizens
would raise fifty thousand dollars. They promised to I consider
the suggestion seriously and make special efforts to raise I the
amount, and they felt sure that the desired result I could be
secured in a short time. A few other | sympathetic men of


1

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