J. Forbes (John Forbes) Royle.

Essay on the productive resources of India [electronic resource] online

. (page 30 of 32)
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while the natural vegetation approximates in
many respects to that which characterizes what
is called the Oriental Region.

Here it would be advisable to introduce, for
the sake of experiment, superior kinds oi wheat
and barley y to see if they be more productive
than those at present cultivated in the north of
India. Flax also, which is only cultivated as an
oil seed, might afford fibre for rope-making, if
cultivated from Europe seed. The Persian To-
bacco might here find a suitable locality as well
as that from Latakia. Some of the central parts,
as Malwa, and some of the northern, appear
also the best suited for the cultivation of cotton.
Many of the CruciferaB are cultivated as oil seeds ;
it is worthy of experiment whether those culti-
vated in Europe for the same purpose, as Brassica
napus and campestris, are more productive than
the Indian species. Black and tvhite Mustard
might, without doubt, be successfully cultivated,


if introduced. Vines of a superior kind would be
a great acquisition in northern India, and at the
foot of the hills the Hop would succeed. The
Caroh tree is particularly desirable. The Oliver
there is great probability, would succeed, as
also the Cork-ivee, with the Ilex, Kermes, Dyers
and Barbary Oaks. The Laurel and Siveet Bay^
Manna Ashy Pistachio^ Mastich, and Venice
Turpentine-trees ; the species of Cistus yielding
ladanum. Styrax officinalis yielding Storax ; the
species of Astragalus affording tragacanth. Su-
mach, Savine, Scammony, and Colocynth, might
all be grown, as well as in the cold weather
some of the drugs of colder climates, as Fox-
glove, Belladonna, Hemlock, and many others.
The Caper Bush and Prickly Pear would un-
doubtedly thrive. With these also some Afri-
can plants, as Zizyphus Lotus ; Dragon s Blood
Tree ; Acacia vera, nilotica and Seyal ; and from
Persia, Gum Ammoniac and Galbanutn, with the
Myrrh from Arabia. As India also stretches
nearly as far north, as Africa and New Holland
do south, we might also grow in northern In-
dia, the Heaths, Proteas, Mesembryanthemums,
Aloes and Diosmas of the Cape, with the Euca-
lypti of New Holland. It would be unreason-
able to expect success with all, but the reasons
for calculating on it are so strong, that there is
no doubt it might be insured for many, and the
situation of the Saharunpore Botanic Garden in


S0° of N. latitude, enables experiments to be
made with facility and with cheapness.

The Hill Provinces, with the exception of
being under the influence of the rains, have the
climate and seasons of European countries, and
as they have the vegetation, they might cultivate
all their useful and ornamental products, with
the exception of such fruits as require a long
summer for coming to maturity.

Here, as Wheat and Barley are cultivated, ex-
periments might be made with Wheat, Barley,
JBere, Bigg,Oats and Rye. Fruit trees introduced
for affording grafts for the plains, as Apples,
Pears, Plums, Nectarines, Apricots, Cherries,
Cranberries, and Bilberries, might be introduced*
The Spanish Chesnut and Sugar Maple. Ame-
rican and European Oaks and Pines of superior
kinds, as well as the Beech, Ash, and Lime-tree.
American Magnolias and the Tulip tree ; Drimys
Winteri, Rhododendrons, Azaleas, Kalmias,
Heaths and the Strawberry tree, would all thrive,
and the Hop might be successfully cultivated in
the vallies and in the mountains, and would be a
desirable acquisition as they have begun to brew
beer. Hemp grows wild, and is abundant, both in
the plains of Northern India and in the hills, but
it has never been employed for rope-making,
though experiments have been made to find a
substitute for it.




Online LibraryJ. Forbes (John Forbes) RoyleEssay on the productive resources of India [electronic resource] → online text (page 30 of 32)