the duty of the Chair to order it. The gentleman's point is not well taken.
" I will ask the Chair if one-fifth did not get on their feet and
ask a roll-call," persisted Major Adams.
Chairman Cannon flushed and replied : " If the gentleman will
run his part of it and let the Chair run his part of it, we will get
along." [Prolonged laughter.]
Chairman Cannon ordered the delegates to take their seats.
Then, after lustily potmding his desk for order, he said :
The Chair w-as unable to determine whether one-fifth of the conven-
tion rose to the demand of a roll-call or not. The Chair, being in doubt,
therefore, it being impossible to count with accuracy, will on his own
motion order a roll-call. The resolution of the gentleman from Craw-
ford has been read. The gentleman from Kane county moves to lay
that resolution on the table. The effect of that would be to kill it. The
secretary will call the first county.
When Adams county, the first on the roll, was called Major
Adams leaped upon his chair and flourishing a big placard bearing
the word " No," shouted : " Adams county 20 votes No."
This exasperated. Chairman Cannon, who said : " The Ser-
geant-at-Arms will see that that gentleman keeps his seat."
The roll-call was then commenced. It resulted: Yeas 1,095,
" Accordingly," announced Chairman Cannon, " the resolution
is laid on the table." [Applause.]
The roll was then ordered called for the sixty-fourth ballot.
On the sixty-fourth ballot the changes were as follows :
PART TWO: THE CONVENTION. 329
Boone — Yates gained one, Lowden two, from Warner.
DeKalb — Yates gained nine, Deneen lost eight, Warner lost one.
Jersey — Hamlin gained four from Warner.
Massac — Warner gained one from Yates.
Richland — Pierce gained one from Hamlin.
The sixty-fourth ballot resulted as follows :
Yates, 474; Lowden, 407'^; Deneen, 385^4; Hamlin, 116; Warner,
39; Sherman, 52; Pierce, 28.
On the sixty-fifth ballot the changes were as follows :
Jackson — Lowden gained four, Yates lost two, Hamlin lost two.
Livingston — Sherman gained one from Pierce.
Massac — Lowden gained one from Warner.
• Pike — Lowden gained two from Warner.
Pulaski — Pierce gained one from Sherman.
Richland — Warner gained one from Pierce.
Will — Yates gained one from Deneen.
Woodford — Hamlin gained one from Deneen.
The sixty-fifth ballot resulted :
Yates, 473; Lowden, 414K' ; Deneen, 381^; Hamlin, 117; Warner,
3i7 ; Sherman, 52 ; Pierce, 27.
While awaiting the result of the sixty-fifth ballot, Chairman
Cannon again called attention to several instances of smoking.
" The police," said he, " report that the American citizens of
African descent are gentlemen and are not smoking. [Laughter.]
He also says the people who do smoke are not delegates."
" Three cheers for ' Uncle Joe,' " shouted a delegate, and the
cheers were given.
" I don't care for the cheers," Chairman Cannon resumed.
"What I want is no smoking. [Laughter.] You can at once
see the necessity for law and rule. Ninety-five people out of every
hundred do right because it is right and decent. The other five
have got to have law and jails. If you will stand by me, we will
suppress the five per cent." [Applause.]
At 3 :38 a Cook county delegate moved a recess until 10 o'clock
the following morning, but the motion was lost overwhelmingly.
The roll was then called for the sixty-sixth ballot. On this
ballot changes were as follows :
Massac — Yates gained one from Lowden.
Peoria — Lowden gained two, Hamlin one ; Warner lost two, Sherman
Pike — Hamlin gained two from Lowden.
Richland — Hamlin gained one from Warner.
Woodford — Deneen gained three from Lowden.
330 THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
The sixty-sixth ballot resulted as follows :
Yates, 474; Lowden, 411}^; Dencen, 384 J/^ ; Hamlin, 119; Warner,
36; Sherman, 51; Pierce, 26.
While awaiting the result of the sixty-sixth ballot, the conven-
tion became boisterous. Col. Frank O. Lowden was observed in
the aisle near the front smoking a cigar. Sergeant-at-Arms Tin-
ney, who was on the platform, ran up a big printed placard read-
THE RULE AGAINST SMOKING
WILL BE ENFORCED.
C. M. TiNNEY
Colonel Lowden dropped his cigar, and smilingly bowed his
Lnmediately after the announcement by the secretary of the
result of the sixty-sixth roll-call, J. H. Burke, of Cook, rose for
information, but was not recognized by the Chairman, who
announced that the Committee on Resolutions was ready to make
its report to the convention ; whereupon Walter Reeves, chairman
of the committee, addressed the convention from the Chairman's
platform as follows :
" Gentlemen of the Convention : I am directed by the Com-
mittee on Resolutions, to whom was referred the resolution offered
this morning pertaining to the method of balloting hereafter, to
report : That upon full consideration your committee is of the
opinion that the method proposed by the resolution is imprac-
ticable, and therefore we recommend that it do lie upon the table.
And I accordingly move you, Mr. Chairman."
On a viva voce vote the motion to table was unanimously
carried, and thus the " secret ballot " resolution was disposed of.
Mr. Reeves then proceeded : " I have been directed by the
Committee on Resolutions to report to this convention two resolu-
tions I would like to read to you."
He read the following- :
Resolved, That we recognize the serious loss the State of IHinois
sustains in the untimely death of Hon. Robert Boal Fort, of Marshall
county, who was a candidate before this convention for the nomination
PART TWO: THE COXVENTIOX.
for lieutenant-governor. He was the son of a distinguished father, who
was a former member of Congress, and although young in years he had
made a bright record in private life and as mayor of his home city and
as a member of the Senate of his State. We extend to the family and
especially to the widowed mother of the deceased our sincere sympathy.
Resolved, That we also express our profound sorrow on account of
the death of Hon. Arthur \V. Pulver, of Chicago, a delegate to this con-
vention, who was a citizen of highly exemplary character and a zealous
Republican. We express our sincere sympathy to his family and friends
in their affliction.
These resolutions were adopted.
JOHN W. PARKER.
prominent in convention- origin.ator of the resolution releasing dei.eg.\tes
from instructions and 0blig.\tions to candidates.
Born in Henry, Marshall county, Illinois, November i, 1869, and has lived the
greater part of his life in Chicago. He was connected with a large manufacturing
concern in that city until 1893, when he became secretary to the Hon. William E.
Mason and aided that gentleman in his first campaign for the United States Senate.
He was appointed Assistant City Sealer by Mayor Swift and later, by Governor Tanner,
as Chief Qerk in the office of the State Board of Charities, in which position he
checked up the accounts of the institutions during the previous Democratic administra-
tion and furnished the figures that were used so effectively in the campaigns of 1898
and 1900. When the Western Hospital for the Insane at Watertown was opened for
the reception of patients, Mr. Parker became Chief Clerk of that institution, resigning
to take charge of a mercantile institution in Moline.
332 THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
THE "RELEASE" RESOLUTION.
Graeme Stewart, of Cook, was next recognized. " I offer a
resolution," said he. " and will ask to have it read by the clerk."
The resolution was sent up to the platform and read by the secre-
tary as follows :
Whereas, This convention has been involved in a serious deadlock
for three weeks ; and,
Whereas, We believe a prolonging of the existing conditions is injur-
ious to the party and to the private interests of the delegates as well ; and,
Whereas, The various suggestions as to the means for ending the
deadlock have all appeared to this convention to be impracticable and
probably without result ; and,
Whereas, The delegates in the convention have obeyed their instruc-
tions and fulfilled their obligations to the several candidates for Gov-
ernor with a faithfulness and loyalty unprecedented in the party history;
therefore, be it.
Resolved, That for the best interests of the party, we recommend that
all delegates consider themselves released from instructions or other
obligations, and that each shall hereafter vote according to his personal
Resolved, That nothing in this resolution is to be construed as opera-
ting in any way against the rights and interests of any candidate before
Upon the conclusion of the reading of his resolution, Mr.
Stewart moved its reference to the Committee on Resolutions.
A. Hanby Jones, of Crawford County, rose to the point of
order that the matter should be disposed of immediately, and
moved to lay the resolution on the table. [Cries of " No."]
Chairman Cannon : The motion to refer is pending, and
having been made, until disposed of, takes precedence of the
motion to lay upon the table. Only one motion can pend at a
time. The motion is in order.
The chairman took a viva voce vote upon the reference of the
resolution to the Committee on Resolutions, and the ayes were
declared to have it, followed by laughter and applause.
Lieutenant-Governor Northcott now moved a recess until lo
o'clock the following morning. Delegates were engaged in throw-
ing paper wads, and hoots and cries of " No " were heard from
various parts of the hall.
But the motion was put and carried, and at 4 130 the conven-
tion was declared in recess until 10 o'clock the next morning.
PART TWO: THE CONVENTION.
CANDIDATES APPEAR BEFORE RESOLUTIONS COMMITTEE.
While the convention was in session the Committee on Reso-
lutions had been at work. What had brought it together was the
Gross resolution providing for a secret ballot. This was dis-
cussed in an informal way at some length. Numerous objections
were raised, the chief one being that it was entirely impracticable
to put the plan in operation, owing to the fact that many delegates
were absent, and on a secret ballot their votes could be cast.
MRS. MARY E. BUSEY.
NOMINEE FOR TRUSTEE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS.
Mary E. Bowen was born at Delphi, Indiana, June 2i, 1854. She graduated from
the schools of Delphi, after which she attended Oxford College, Ohio, for one year,
taking a course at Vassar College later. She was married to Col. Samuel T. Busey of
Urbana on Christmas Day, 1877, and has two daughters and one son. She has been
an active club woman for many years and was one of the charter members of the
Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs and its first vice-president. Mrs. Busey is at
present, and has been for a number of years, a member of the Urbana School Board,
in which she has ferved as chairman of the Committee on Buildings and Grounds and
as a member of the Committee on Teachers. She has always been interested in phil-
anthropic work and was foremost in the work of having domestic science added to the
curriculum of the University of Illinois. Her efforts in providing social life for the
young women at the university have been highly praised.
334 THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
But the Gross resolution, although finding no friends on the
committee, served a purpose in getting the committee to work in
an endeavor to devise a plan for ending the deadlock. The first
meeting of the committee was held in the morning. The outcome
was a decision to invite all of the candidates for Governor to meet
the committee at i :30 that afternoon to consider ways and means
for ending the deadlock. When the committee got together at
I :30 all of the candidates were there except Governor Yates, who
was represented by W. S. Cowen. The candidates were first
interrogated about the Gross resolution (which really had been
disposed of at the morning meeting) and most of them expressed
indifiference. Mr. Cowen, speaking for Governor Yates, said that
the Governor's Advisory Committee had met during the noon
recess and by a unanimous vote had declared against the secret
ballot. It was in the course of this discussion that a suggestion
of the resolution releasing the delegates was made. This had
been talked of before ; in fact prior to the recess, Mr. H. H.
Gross had drawn a resolution embodying the proposition, but had
found that the delegates were not yet prepared for it. The dis-
cussion had taken such an important turn that it was decided that
all of the candidates must be present, and accordingly a brief
recess was taken in order that Governor Yates might be found
and urged to attend the meeting in person.
Then the session was resumed. Governor Yates said that on
the subject of releasing delegates he doubted that the committee
or the convention had the power to annul obligations of that kind ;
that the matter was one which rested with the delegates and their
constituents or between the delegates and the candidates to whom
they were pledged. A similar position was taken by Mr. Deneen,
who said that owing to the manner in which many of his dele-
gates had been selected it was not in his power to release them.
Colonel Lowden, Judge Hamlin, Judge Sherman, Colonel
Warner and Mr. Pierce each in turn expressed his willingness to
release his delegates, provided all the other candidates would
pursue the same course. Colonel Lowden went so far as to ofifer
to get up on the floor of the convention and publicly release his
delegates, provided other candidates would do likewise.
After the candidates withdrew from the meeting the release
proposition was discussed at some length by the committee. The
point was urged that the committee had no authority to originate
PART TWO: THE CONVENTION. 335
such a resolution, as it ^vas not germane to any matter that had
been referred to it. This led to a unanimous agreement that a
resolution recommending the release of delegates should be pre-
sented to the convention by Graeme Stewart and referred to the
Committee on Resolutions — a procedure that would give the com-
mittee unquestioned jurisdiction.
When the convention adjourned for the day the Resolutions
Committee got together again and took up the release resolution.
It was referred to a subcommittee, consisting of Walter Reeves,
of Streator, Chairman; W. R. Jewell, of Danville; Graeme
Stewart, of Chicago ; John W. Parker, of Rock Island, and C. J.
Doyle, of Greenfield.
The subcommittee met in a room in the Leland hotel that
evening and agreed upon a substitute resolution, not differing
materially from the original, for presentation to the full committee
on the following day.
The proposed release of delegates was almost the sole topic of
conversation and of conferences Wednesday night. The remarks
of Governor Yates and Mr. Deneen before the Resolutions Com-
mittee during the afternoon had created the impression that they
would oppose the plan ; and it was reported that they would unite
their forces to defeat it next day. Indeed, such a course appears
to have been in contemplation ; but a careful analysis of the situa-
tion and of the probable effect of the adoption of the resolution
caused many who were at first opposed to it to fall in line in its
support. It was argued that if the convention had adopted the
resolution, the delegates would occupy substantially the same posi-
tion as before ; that they would still be responsible to their local
constituents for obedience to instructions and would not regard
the resolution as wiping out their personal pledges to candidates.
The opposition to the " release " resolution thus melted away, and
late that night it was known that it would have unanimous sup-
port in the convention next day.
An important meeting during the evening was that of the dele-
gates from the counties in the Eighteenth Congressional District
(Speaker Cannon's), called for the purpose of considering the
" release " resolution. It was decided to vote solidly for the reso-
lution and to vote as a unit on all propositions of a like nature.
336 THE BREAKING OP THE DEADLOCK.
A DENEEN PLACARD.
Greatly reduced. This was one of the numerous placards displayed during the
PART TWO: THE CONVENTION. 337
THURSDAY, JUNE 2 — CANDIDATES MAKE SPEECHES RE-
LEASING DELEGATES — THE LOWDEN STAMPEDE.
The second day of June (Thursday) brought some surprises.
With regard to the resolution releasing delegates from further
obligations to candidates, the expected happened in the Resolu-
tions Committee ; the proposition was endorsed by a unanimous
vote, the motion to report the resolution to the convention being
made by a Yates representative, C. J. Doyle, of Greenfield. But
few — not even the candidates — were prepared for what hap-
pened immediately upon the convening of the convention. Then
it was that Mr. Reeves, as chairman of the Committee on Resolu-
tions, presented the release resolution, and after a short address
in favor of its adoption, called upon Colonel Lowden for an
explanation of his views on the subject. The other candidates in
turn were called upon to declare themselves. All of the speeches
were of one general tenor ; the candidates without exception
favored the resolution, and its adoption followed as a matter of
course ; but as we shall presently see, the result that its original
advocates had expected was not forthcoming that day.
Before the convention got together, however, the Yates dele-
gates had held an interesting and significant meeting in an
upstairs room in the armory building. Perry C. Ellis, editor of
the Quincy Whig, presided. The object was to consider the
" release " resolution. Governor Yates came in while the dis-
cussion was under way and was asked for an expression of his
opinion. He said that he had no objections to the resolution, and
furthermore that he was prepared then and there to release every
delegate who had been voting for him. They had demonstrated
their loyalty and he wanted them to feel at liberty to vote their
personal and political preferences. This declaration was received
with applause, mingled with shouts of " We refuse to be released,"
" We are going to stick to you," and similar expressions. Lieu-
tenant-Governor W. A. Northcott then arose and formally moved
338 THE BREAKING Of THE DEADLOCK.
that it be the sense of the meeting that the Yates delegates con-
sider the resokition of no effect and that they refuse to be released.
When Chairman Ellis put the motion to a rising vote, every dele-
gate sprang to his feet.
The convention on Thursday, June 2, was called to order by
Chairman Cannon at 10:20 a.m. Immediately Walter Reeves,
chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, was recognized and
" Mr. Chairman, I am directed by the chairman of the Com-
mittee on Resolutions, to whom was referred the resolution
offered yesterday, to report back that resolution, or rather a sub-
stitute for the resolution, which I desire to read."
Mr. Reeves then read the substitute resolution as follows :
Whereas, This convention has been involved in the deepest deadlock
for many days, sixty-seven ballots having been taken without choice or
Whereas, We believe the prolonging of existing conditions is injurious
to the party and the private interests of the delegates as vi'ell ;
Whereas, The various suggestions as to means of ending the deadlock
have all been impracticJible and without results ; and
Whereas, The delegates to this convention have obeyed their instruc-
tions and fulfilled their obligations to the several candidates for Governor
with a faithfulness and loyalty unprecedented in our party history;
therefore, be it
Resolved, That it is the sense of this convention that all delegates
be and are hereby accordingly released from their instructions or other
obligations, and that each may vote according to his judgment for the
best interest of the Republican party.
Resolved, That nothing in this resolution is to be construed as opera-
ting in any way against the rights and interests of any candidate before
Mr. Reeves then moved the adoption of the resolution and
said he desired to be heard.
Chairman Cannon : The gentleman from La Salle, by instruction of
the Committee on Resolutions, reports from that conunittee the resolution
which he has just read with tlie reconnncndation that the same be adopted.
The question will be upon the adoption of the resolution, and the gentle-
man from La Salle is recognized by the Chair, and under the rules of
the convention is entitled to one hour or such portion thereof as he
desires to consume. [Laughter.]
Mr. Reeves then addressed the convention as follows :
Air. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Convention : I want to say to
this convention that the presentation of this resolution is not a perfunctory
performance. I am sure it is the wish of your committee that I recall
to your minds a few points. A great number of delegates came to this
convention instructed in favor of this or that or the other candidate for
Governor, and before I go a notch further let me say that what I am
PART TWO: THE CONVENTION. 339
about to say is not to be said in the interests of any candidate or against
any candidate, directly or indirectly. We have been here balloting, day
in and day out, for so long a time that almost the memory of man run-
neth not to the contrary. Many men have been made sick by remaining
here in this hot weather that we have had, and in the midst of all that is
deleterious to the well-being of everybody, in this hall. Far and above
that, it is my deliberate judgment and I want to say it to this convention,
that we have staid here until we are jeopardizing the interests of the
Republican party of Illinois. [Applause.] Gentlemen, participating as
we have been doing here in the proceedings of this convention, I fear
we do not realize the sentiment that is being created over the State — aye,
over the nation — over the conduct of this convention. We are Republi-
cans, every man of us. We believe that the interests of this whole
country are wrapped up in the well-being of the Republican party.
[Applause.] We can not afford in this convention, for a single moment,
to put in jeopardy the interests of the Republican party, and the inter-
ests of the whole people of this country. It has been intimated to me,
since I came in on this floor, that this is to be merely a perfunctory per-
formance. I want to call upon every delegate in this convention to vote
your honest judgment upon this matter. [Applause.] If you believe that
this resolution is not to mean anything, vote it down as .you ought to do.
I tell you. gentlemen, we have reached the point when, if a man can not
have liis first choice, he ought to have his second choice, and, failing in
that, his seventh or seventieth choice, so that we may name a man for the
Republican ticket in Illinois. Again I say, I do not say this in the interest
of any candidate, but I do say it in the interests of the whole people of
this State, as I conceive their interests are wrapped up in the interests
of the Republican party. Now, gentlemen, I don't intend to inflict the
hour upon you, yet there is one thing that I want to add. I want to
ask the unanimous consent of this convention, ]\Ir. Chairman, that each
and every one of the seven gentlemen who have been voted for and are
candidates in this convention may have five minutes in which to address
this convention and give his views upon this question.
Chairman Cannon asked if there were any objections. " The
chair hears none," he added, after a pause. Then came a shout
from the rear of the hall, " Object," " Object." But it was too
late ; the delegate had not been recognized, and Chairman Cannon
dryly remarked :
" For all the chair knows, it was a voice from the tomb, or an
CANDIDATES FOR GOVERNOR ADDRESS CONVENTION.
" jNIr. Chairman," Mr. Reeves resumed, " I reserve the bal-
ance of my time, and reserve the right at any time to move the
previous question, and now, sir, I yield five minutes to Colonel
Lowden that he may express his opinion."
Colonel Lowden rose upon a chair at the front of the conven-
tion, and turning to the delegates spoke as follows :
Mr. Chairman and Fellow Republicans : I believe that this deadlock
ought to be broken. . [Applause.] For two weeks and more I have