door at 8 :03 he was confronted by the landlady, who told him in
resolute tones that the breakfast hour was over. The Colonel
made a plea for a departure from the rule in this single instance,
but the landlady was unyielding, and it was only after the influ-
ence of some bystanders had been exerted that she was persuaded
HON. MARTIN B. MADDEN.
PROMINENT IN COOK COUNTY POLITICS A LOWDEN LEADER IN THE CONVENTION.
Born March 20, 1855; was educated in the public schools and night schools, later
taking a two years' night course in business college. He began active business life at
the age of ten years as waterboy for a stone company which was later merged into
the Western Stone Company, of which the former waterboy is now the President.
Mr. Madden has had a long career in active political life. He was elected to the
Chicago City Council in 1889 from the Fourth Ward and was reelected in 1891, 1893
and 189s; served seven years on the Finance Committee and was its chairman for
six years of that time; presided over the council two years; was chairman of the Re-
publican committee for six years; was a member of the Republican County Committee
for ten years; served as temporary chairman of the State convention of 1896; was a
delegate to the National conventions of 1896 and 1900, being on the committee on
resolutions in the latter and framing the Isthmian canal plank as it appeared in the
platform of that year. In 1897, he was a candidate for United States Senator. In the
State convention of 1904, he was chairman of the Third Ward delegation.
Mr. Madden is a director of several banks and mercantile concerns in Ciiicago,
and for four years was president of the Quarry Owners' Association of the United
PART ONE: THE CAMPAIGN. 97
to provide the candidate for Governor with a cup of coffee and
some of the remnants of the breakfast which was over.
Colonel Lowden was accompanied on his country campaign
tour by Mr. Russel H. Scott, one of his secretaries. Mrs. Lowden
joined him on one of his southern Illinois tours, and shared the
honors paid him.
The Lowden campaign in Cook county was in charge of Mr.
Kenesaw M. Landis, a Chicago lawyer. The management of the
country campaign was entrusted to Senator C. H. Hughes, of
Dixon, who spent much of his time at Lowden headquarters on
" J " floor at the Great Northern hotel. At these headquarters
also were Mr. James R. Cowley, of Freeport, a well-known news-
paper man, who had especial charge of the press bureau ; Mr.
Hamilton R. Johnstone, Colonel Lowden's secretary, who assumed
charge of the extensive correspondence incident to the campaign,
and Representative Chas. T. Gierry, of Kendall county, who
assisted in the general management of the campaign. A vast
amount of Lowden literature was distributed, both in Chicago and
through the State at large. Not less than 200,000 pieces of
printed matter were sent out, and this mass of literature was
supplemented from week to week by the stereotyped plates that
were sent under the direction of Air. Cowley to the country papers
that were friendly to the Lowden candidacy. In the number of
personal letters written, Yates and Lowden were close rivals.
Lowden's clerical force occupied an extensive suite of rooms in
the Great Northern hotel, and a large part of the work performed
consisted in getting out the personal letters that were to be sent
out over his signature.
MRS. H. J. HAMLIN.
PART ONE: THE CAMPAIGN. 99
THE SHERMAN AND HAMLIN CAMPAIGNS — EACH MAKES
STATE TOUR— PLACES VISITED.
Judge Sherman, like the other candidates, had made an actual
beginning of his campaign some time before his formal announce-
ment at Peoria on the 7th of October. His work, however, had
been ver}^ quietly carried on. From Peoria, after his announce-
ment, he went directly to Springfield, where he opened headquar-
ters in the St. Nicholas hotel and placed in charge Homer J.
Tice, of "Greenview, ]\Ienard county, who had been a member of
the Legislature for a number of years, who was a close personal
and political friend of the ex-speaker, and whose extensive
acquaintance with political leaders especially fitted him for the
place of campaign manager for Judge Sherman.
Very few speeches were made by Judge Sherman in the early
part of his campaign. Indeed, only seven set speeches were made
by him during the entire campaign. These were delivered at
Peoria, Marshall, Roseville, Bradford, Paxton, Paris and Albion.
There were many occasions, of course, on which he delivered short
extemporaneous speeches. Copies of the more- formal addresses
were printed and, through the mail, circulated widely over the
These constituted the principal campaign literattire sent out
to promote the Sherman candidacy. The principal pQints in Sher-
man's speeches were his advocacy of civil service and primary
election laws and of limiting the functions of the party machinery
strictly to the managenient of campaigns after the nominations had
been made — his contention being that the proper purpose of
party machinery is to manage campaigns and elect tickets, and not
to participate in any way in the selection of nominees.
In his campaign. Judge Sherman had no settled itinerary that
was known to anybody except to Mr. Tice, his campaign man-
ager. It was his custom, in advance of visiting a town, to write
THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
to one or more friends in the place that he would be there on a
designated date. The visit which followed such an announcement
was entirely informal. Usually no arrangements were made for
speechmaking and, with a few exceptions, no speeches were made.
On arriving at a place it was his custom, after leaving his valise
at the hotel, to start out in company with- one or more of his local
friends on a tour of the hardware stores, the corner groceries and
other places of business — wherever there was an opportunity to
meet men. Often he was to be found in the office of a country
hotel, or in the rear end of a village store, entertaining a group
gathered around an old-fashioned " cannon " stove. Judge Sher-
man was a good entertainer, and he never failed to have an appre-
STATE SENATOR ORVILLE F. BERKV.
PROMINENT IN SHERMAN CAMPAIGN AND IN STATE CONVENTION.
Born in McDonough county, Ilinois, in 1852, and received a common school edu-
cation, studying law and being admitted to the bar in 1877. He has been mayor of
Carthage several terms. He was elected to the State Senate in 1888, 1892 and 1896
and again in 1900 to fill the vacancy in the new Thirty-second District caused by the
death of Senator Harris. He has been active in the organization of the Senate and in
the councils of the party. Mr. Berry is prominent in secret society work and has
filled the office of Grand Master Workman of the A. O. U. W. of Illinois.
PART ONE: THE CAMPAIGN.
ciative audience or to make- friends in this curious, old-fashioned
In this informal way, he visited sixty-two counties. He m.an-
aged to get to Springfield occasionally — generally once each
w-eek — to meet friends by appointment and to supervise in a
general way his extensive campaign correspondence. The great
bulk of the correspondence, however, was looked after by Cam-
paign Manager Tice, and the candidate, so far as possible, w^as
left free to devote his attention to his tour of the State. Judge
Sherman did not attempt to maintain headquarters in Chicago.
He made occasional visits there, but only to fill appointments with
political friends who could be met there most conveniently, or
DR. JAMES B. McFATRICH.
CLOSE FRIEND AND ADVISER OF L. Y. SHERMAN.
Born in Winnebago county, Illinois, and received his entire education, both general
and special, in this State. Dr. McFatrich is a man of considerable attainments in
literature and has been close to the center of things political for years. His greatest
achievements have been among the benevolences of the secret orders. He was one of
the prime movers in the building of the Illinois Masonic Orphans' Home. The great
Masonic Temple in Chicago was his conception and is largely the result of his energy.
He has never sought political preferment.
THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
to attend to some special business connected with his campaign.
Mr. Sherman made a number of speeches in Chicago — mostly,
however, on non-political subjects, and thus not directly a part
of his campaign. In October, he addressed the Union League
Club. In November, he was entertained by the Hamilton Club,
a dinner and reception being given in his honor. On that occasion
he delivered an interesting address.
The principal places visited by Judge Sherman during his
campaign were the following — the county being given, followed
by the city or town visited therein :
Effingham — Effingham ; Jasper — Newton ; Richland — Olney ; Marion
— Salem, Centralia; Clinton — Carlyle; St. Clair — Belleville, East St.
HON. EVERITT C. HARDIN.
ONE OF JUDGE SHERMAN's ADVISERS PROMINENT IN POLITICS.
Born in Monmouth, Illinois, November 2, 1869, and has ever since made that city
his home. After graduating from the public schools he attended Monmouth College
for a time and finally took a course at Cornell College, Mount Vernon, Iowa. After
finishing his college course he at once entered the Second National Bank of Monmouth
and is at present Assistant Cashier. He became identified with the Republican party
while still a young man and was a delegate to the National Convention in 1900. Two
years later he was elected to the State Legislature and is the candidate of the party for
reelection. He is a member of the Illinois Bankers' Association and one of the Board
PART 0.\'E: THE CAMPAIGN.
Louis ; Jefferson — Mount Vernon ; Wayne — Fairfield ; Edwards — West
Salem, Grayville, Albion; Franklin — Benton; Randolph — Chester,
Sparta; Gallatin — Shawneetown ; Union — Jonesboro, Anna; Alexander
— Cairo; Massac — Metropolis; Whiteside — Fulton, Rock Falls, Mor-
rison, Sterling; Lee — Dixon; Winnebago — Rockford ; Lake — Wauke-
gan ; Carroll — ^ilount Carroll ; De Kalb — Sycamore ; Kane — Aurora ;
Du Page — Wheaton ; Bureau — Buda : Henry — Cambridge, Kewanee ;
Rock Island — Moline, Rock Island ; Mercer — Aledo ; Stark — Toulon,
Wyoming; ]\Iarshall — Lacon ; Iroquois — Watseka ; McLean — Bloom-
ington, Lexington ; Woodford — Eureka, El Paso ; Tazewell — Pekin,
Washington, Delavan, Minier ; Ford — Paxton, Gibson City ; Peoria —
Peoria, Chillicothe ; Knox — Galesburg ; Warren — Monmouth, Kirkwood,
Roseville ; Henderson — Oquawka ; Fulton — Canton, Lewistown, Cuba,
Smithfield, Norris, Avon, Table Grove, Brereton. Fairview ; Mason —
Havana, Easton ; Logan — Lincoln, Atlanta; Vermilion — Hoopeston;
Macon — Decatur : Scott — Winchester, Naples ; Adams — Quincy ; Greene
— Whitehall ; Christian — Pana ; Coles — Mattoon ; Edgar — Paris ;
Clark — Marshall, Casey, Westheld : ^lontgomery — Litchfield; Jersey —
Jerseyville; Madison — Alton, Edwardsville, Granite City.
I. M. FELLHEIMER.
PROMINENT IN SHERMAN CAMPAIGN.
Born in 1857 and has resided in Macomb since 1871. He engaged in the mercantile
business in 1883 and has since followed it with success. He was raised a Democrat
and voted that ticket at all times until the McKinley-Bryan campaign of 1896, when
he became a Republican. He has never held any political office.
THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
THE HAMLIN CAMPAIGN.
In Judge Hamlin's campaign, speechmaking was a conspicuous
and important feature, though he did his share of the informal
" mixing " that was a necessary part of the work of every candi-
date. Soon after his announcement, he opened headquarters at
the Leland hotel in Springfield, and placed Mr. Felix J. Streyck-
mans, his secretary, in charge. The headquarters at the hotel,
however, served only the purpose of providing a place for receiv-
ing such politicians as might chance to come to Springfield. The
actual direction of the campaign was from the office of Judge
JAMES O. PEASLEY.
friend and adviser of l. y. sherman.
Born in Henderson county, Illinois; July 24, 1864. He is a graduate of Gittings
Seminary, La Harpe, Illinois, and has had a thorough business education. In 1886 he
entered the banking house of Hungatc, Ward & Company, of La Harpe, and in the
same year was transferred to the Bank of Macomb as Cashier. He continued with this
firm until 1901, when he was one of the principal organizers of the McDonough
County Bank at Macomb. He has served two terms as City Treasurer of Macomb
and is now serving his second term in the City Council. Mr. Peasley is extensively
interested in farming and stock raising.
PART ONE: THE CAMPAIGN. 105
Hamlin in the State House. There his extensive correspondence
was carried on, and it was there usually that the Attorney-General
was to be found whenever he was in Springfield. He did not open
headquarters in Chicago until late in March, when he secured
rooms on " J " floor in the Great Northern hotel — the floor that
had now become the political " Midway " ; for, scattered down
the corridors, were the headquarters of the State Central Com-
mittee, Governor Yates, Colonel Lowden and Judge Hamlin.
Even then, however, the Hamlin campaign was directed from
Springfield — the Chicago headquarters, as in the case of Gov-
ernor Yates, serving only as a meeting place for those friendly
to the candidacy of the Attorney-General.
At the beginning. Judge Hamlin engaged in the fight for the
HON. GEORGE T. TURNER.
ONE OF THE LEADERS OF THE HAMLIN CAMPAIGN PROMINENT IN POLITICS.
Born and raised on a farm in Fayette county and attended the Vandalia graded
and high schools, graduating from the Southern Normal School at Carbondale in 1887.
He taught school one term in the Carrollton High School and one term in the Vandalia
High School. Read law in Vandalia and was admitted to the bar at Springfield in
1891. Mr. Turner was elected County Judge of Fayette county in 1894 and again in
1898 and was sent to the State Legislature in 1902. He is now engaged in the practice
of his profession in Vandalia.
THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
delegates in the northern part of the State, where Colonel Lowden
had taken the initiative. Later, however, the Hamlin campaign
was transferred to central and southern Illinois, and there the
biggest part of his fighting took place.
His campaign was a most strenuous one. From the beginning
to the end he visited thirty-three counties, making speeches in all
of them, with the exception of two or three. In several counties
he made a close canvass, going from township to township, gener-
ally in a vehicle secured in the country, and accompanied by one
FELIX J. STREYCKMANS.
SECRETARY TO ATTORNEY-GENERAL HAMLIN PROMINENT IN CAMPAIGN AND IN CONNEC-
TION WITH THE CONVENTION.
Born in Chicago, Illinois, April 2i, 1876. After completing the course in the city
schools of Chicago he took up the business of shorthand reporting and was employed
by several mercantile and law firms. Later he became official reporter for the Circuit
Court of Will county, which position he held until January, 1896, when he was
appointed clerk and stenographer in the office of Attorney-General Akin. He remained
in this office for four years with the exception of the period of the Spanish-American
war, in which he served as sergeant-major in the Fifth Illinois Infantry. In January,
190 1, he was reappointed by Attorney-General Hamlin and was later promoted to the
position of chief clerk and private secretary. During the campaign of 1900 Mr.
Streyckmans was campaign secretary to Governor Tanner and also accompanied Theo-
dore Roosevelt, then candidate for Nice-President, on his trip through Illinois, as
PART ONE: THE CAMPAIGN.
or more of his local lieutenants. In this way Piatt county was
canvassed. In Johnson county, he made a long drive through
the country when the roads were almost impassable ; the water
and mud, owing to heavy rains, reached to the hubs. The humor-
ous phase of the contest entered the Hamlin campaign, as it did
all of the others. In one country village he found the inhabitants
far more interested in a local church matter than they were in.
the fight over the Governorship. They were in a curious and
expectant state of mind over the prospective arrival of the new
minister. On being introduced to one of the inhabitants, the
HON. JOHN A. BINGHAM.
PROMINENT SUPPORTER OF H. J. HAMLIN IN THE GUBERNATORIAL CONTEST.
Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 23, 1853. At the age of five he was broiight to
Illinois, his family settling in Mound City. In 1865 the family moved again, this time
to a farm near Shobonier, Fayette county. Mr. Bingham had little chaiice to secure
any education after this last removal, he being twelve years of age at the time. He was
married in 1874 and, after he had become the father of four children, took a course at
the Cincinnati Law School, graduating and being admitted to the practice of law in
this State in 1883. He pursued his practice at Vandalia until April i, 1898, when
President McKinley appointed him postmaster at \'andalia, to which position he was
reappointed by President Roosevelt in 1902. Mr. Bingham was one of the managers of
H. J. Hamlin's campaign for Attorney-General in 1900 and was prominent in his
campaign for Governor in 1903-4.
THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
latter grasped the candidate's hand cordially and said : " Ah, our
new minister ! I am more than delighted to meet you."
Judge Hamlin, like most of the other candidates, made it a
point to be in Chicago on Saturday of each week for the pur-
pose of conferring with certain of his friends from various parts
of the State. He did not attempt, however, to secure any delegates
A little pamphlet entitled, " The Record's the Thing," consti-
tuted about the only campaign literature distributed from the
Hamlin headquarters in Springfield. Many thousands of copies
of this pamphlet were sent out all over the State. The pamphlet
consisted of a review of the Attorney-General's record and quota-
PROMINENT IN POLITICS MEMBER HAMLIN STEERING COMMITTEE.
Born of orthodox Quaker parentage on a farm in Henry county, Indiana. He left
that State, coming to Illinois at the age of fourteen and settling in Shelbyville. He
received his education at Hopewell Academy, Indiana, and studied law in the office of
Thornton & Hamlin in Shelbyville. He removed to Danville in 1881 and has since
resided there, practicing his profession. He has never held political office, but takes
an active interest in politics from the standpoint of a private citizen. He is at present
chairman of the Eighteenth District Congressional Committee and also of the Danville
PART ONE : THE CA MP A IGN.
tions from his speeches. In addition to the pamphlet, many
thousands of campaign buttons and Hthographs were distributed.
Judge HamHn's speeches for the most part were impersonal
and well tempered. He was an ardent advocate of harmony and
to a large extent avoided the discussion of factional themes.
Following is a list of the counties and the cities and towns •
therein visited by Judge Hamlin in his campaign :
Adams — Quincy; Cass — Virginia, Chandlerville ; Champaign —
Champaign; Christian — Taylorville, Pana, Palmer, Morrisonville, Owa-
neco ; Clay — Louisville ; Coles — Mattoon ; De Kalb — Sandwich ; Doug-
las— Areola, Tuscola, Arthur; Fayette — Vandalia ; Franklin — Benton,
Thompsonville, Ewing, Parrish; Iroquois — Watseka, Milford, Gilman,
HON. JOHN L. HAMILTON.
member of the hamlin steering committee prominent in politics.
Born in Macoupin county, Illinois, May 8, 1862, his family removing to \Velling-
ton two years later, and thence to Watseka upon the election of his father as County
Treasurer of Iroquois county. He was Deputy County Treasurer from 1879 to 1880
and assisted in the formation of the Citizens' Bank of Watseka in 1887. In 1889 he
severed his connection with that institution to establish the present banking firm ot
Hamilton & Cunningham of Hoopeston, of which firm he is the active manager. He
was elected to tlie Hoopeston City Council in 1895 and served as Mayor of that city
from 1897 to 1901. Mr. Hamilton was one of the founders of the Illinois .State
Bankers' Association and has taken an active part in the management of the affairs ot
the American Bankers' Association.
THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
Onarga, Clifton and Loda ; Jersey — Jerseyville; Johnson — Vienna, New
Biirnside; Logan — Lincoln, Atlanta, Mount Pulaski; Macon — Decatur,
Xiantic, Macon; Madison — Edwardsville; McHcnry — Marengo; McLean
— Bloomington ; ]\Ienard — Petersburg; Montgomery — Litchfield, Hills-
bores Nokomis; Peoria — Peoria; Moultrie — Sullivan, Lovington, Beth-
any, Bruce, Dalton City; Pike — Pittsfield, Barry, Griggsville; Piatt —
Cisco, Cerro Gordo, Milmine, Atwood. La Place. Bement, Monticello,
^Jansifield ; Sangamon — Springfield ; Shelby — Shelbyville ; Vermilion —
Danville, Georgetown, Hoopeston, Roosville ; Will — Joliet ; Winnebago —
Rockford, Pecatonica, Seward, Rockton, Durand : Woodford — El Paso;
Jackson — Carbondale ; Saline — Harrisburg; Williamson — Johnson City.
HON. EDWARD D. SHURTLEFF.
MEMBER OF THE HAMLIN STEERING COMMITTEE PROMINENT IN POLITICS.
Born at Genoa, Illinois, in 1863, and graduated from the Marengo high school at
the age of sixteen. He took his collegiate course at Obcrlin University and studied
law, being admitted to the bar in 1884. He began the practice of his profession at
Watertown, South Dakota, but retvirned to Marengo after five years. He was elected
Mayor of Marengo in 1893 and held the office tliree terms. He was Supervisor for
four years and in 1890 was elected to the House of Representatives; he was reelected
in 1902, and has been renominated for the office a third time. Mr. Shurtleff married
Miss Elizabeth Sisson in 1890 and they have two children.
PART OXE: THE CAMPAIGN. Ill
COLONEL WARNER'S ANNOUNCEMENT — STRENUOUS FIGHT
FOR CONTROL OF NINETEENTH DISTRICT.
It was not until the 2d of December that Congressman Ves-
pasian Warner, of CHnton, formally entered the contest for the
Governorship. As has been observed, he had been a prospective
candidate for many months. For weeks it had been a question
whether or not he would get into the fight. He had been dividing
his time between Washington and Illinois, and whenever inter-
viewed he refused to commit himself. Judge Hamlin, more than
any of the other candidates, was interested in knowing whether
or not Colonel Warner was to seek the nomination for Governor ;
for Hamlin and Warner were residents of the same Congressional
district — the nineteenth — and thus their interests were directly
in conflict. It was plain that if both became candidates there
would be a fierce fight in every county embraced in the district,
except Shelby and Dewitt, in which they respectively resided.
When Hamlin made his announcement he w^as still in the dark
as to whether he would have to make a fight for his ow^n Congres-
Back in September (the 22d) Colonel Warner had been
endorsed in Piatt county by a Republican county convention,
called for the purpose of nominating a candidate for coroner.
The resolution adopted on that occasion was as follows :
" Resolved, by the Republicans of Piatt county, in convention
assembled, That we endorse Colonel V. Warner for Governor
of Illinois, and ask him to be a candidate for the Republican nomi-
Colonel Warner made his reply to this resolution the occasion
of his formal entry into the contest for Governor. In a letter
to Wm. D. Fairbanks, chairman of the Piatt county convention
which had adopted the resolution, he wrote on December 2, 1903,
as follows :
THE BREAKING OF THE DEADLOCK.
Having fully considered the resolution adopted by the Piatt County
Republican Convention endorsing me for Governor and requesting me to be
a candidate for the Republican nomination, together with many similar
requests from individual friends in all parts of the State, I have decided