J. P Munro-Fraser.

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wood Valley, and was the first to establish a mercantile store in that
place; and in the following Spring returned to Indiana, and at La Porte
married, on April 1, 1852, Miss Hattie A., daughter of Dr. A. Miller, of
that place, after which he returned to California, driving across the plains
a herd of cattle. In September, 1852, he settled in Green Valley, Solano
county, where he resided until May 1, 1856, at which date he purchased
the interest of Jones & Samuels in their dry -goods store in Suisun City,
which he in turn sold out in 1861, and embarked in the occupation of
sheep raising, being at one time the largest buyer of wool in the county,
Mr. Lemon has been inseparably connected with the political history of
the county since his residence in it, and has been elected to the
prominent position of County Treasurer on the several general elections
held on September 6, 1865, September 4, 1869, September 1, 1875, and
September 5, 1877. His children are, H. Jennie, Mamie, Dennie.

MANKA, CHRISTLEY, was born in Bautorte county, Va., April 23, 1814,
and- resided there till 1836, when he went to Montgomery county, Indiana ;
thence to Peoria, Ills., where he stayed for a short time, and then pro-
ceeded to Lewis county, Mo., where he remained till 1849, when he made
the trip across the Plains to California, arriving at Sacramento, (Sutter's
Fort,) on September 17th of that year. Went to the mines on Yuba
creek shortly after, where he stayed for a few months, and then went to
the Upper Yuba, and there principally engaged in storekeeping and min-
ing till June, 1852, when he came to this district, and has been a contin-
uous resident in the township ever since, except during the years 1864-5,
when he was a resident of Bridgeport, after which he came to his present
abode and farm of one hundred acres.

MARSHALL, CHARLES KNOX, County Recorder, and a native of Howard,
county, Mo., was early sent to district schools, where he laid the founda-
tions for a higher education, which he received in Benicia, Solano county,
at Charles M. Blake's Collegiate Institute, now known as St. Augustine's
Academy. At the age of twelve his parents moved from Howard county,
Mo., to Saline, where the subject of this memoir abode until 1852, when
he came to this State, settling in Yolo county. January, 1853, he settled




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THE HISTORY OF SOLANO COUNTY. 417

near Collinsville, Solano county, but subsequently made a permanent resi-
dence in Benicia. He was born January 10, 1837. Leona, daughter of
Alexander Irvine, was the name of his wife, now deceased. Pauline and
Lulu are their children.

MAXWELL, J. C, is a native of Niagara Falls, Niagara county, N. Y., and
born June 10, 1854. He, with parents, moved to Chicago, Ills., in 1857 ;
thence to Dubuque, Iowa, in 1864, where he attended the common schools
of that city ; then sent to the Shattock Grammar School, at Faribault,
Minn., remaining three years, and there acquired those fundamental les-
sons that eventually ripened into a liberal knowledge of the practical
affairs of life. His parents, in the meantime, having moved to Omaha,
Neb., where the subject of this sketch repaired at the close of his school
days, and was appointed, by the Union Pacific Railroad Co., as telegraph
operator, commencing this work in the fall of 1869. In the fall of 1874
he emigrated to this State, settling in Davisville, Yolo county, and was in
the employ of the C. P. P. R. Co. for one year and three months, when he
was transferred to Suisun, as station agent for that company, which office
he is in possession of at the present writing.

MILLER, ALLEN C, is a native of Lancaster county, Pa., where he was
born, October 30, 1832. In 1833 his parents moved to Erie, Pa., and his
father, Dr. A. Miller, was engaged in business with John A. Tracy, under
the firm-name of Miller & Tracy. The family, in 1842, emigrated to La
Porte, Ind., where the subject of this sketch received his education, under
the direction of Prof. Cummings. Here Mr. Miller's father died, and he with
his mother and brother-in-law, J. B. Lemon, came to this State, settling
in Green Valley township, Solano county, in September, 1852. The fol-
lowing year we find him mining at Jackson, Amador county, Cal., in the
Placer diggings ; but in July, 1856, he returned to this county, and en-
gaged in mercantile pursuits till April, 1864, when he took up his abode
in Suisun City. Has been Deputy County Treasurer since the election of
John B. Lemon to that office. Mr. Miller has maintained a continued
residence in this county since his coming here, except one year's visit to
La Porte, Ind., which he made in 1867.

MILLER, JOHN, born in Wurtemburg, Germany, August 19, 1834. Emi-
grated to the United States in 1851, settling in Philadelphia, Pa., from
which place he emigrated on February 22, 1856, settling in San Francisco,
Cal. Came to Suisun in 1865, and opened his bakery, which business he
has followed to the present time. He was educated in Germany, and
those principles of honesty and integrity are deep-seated in his character,
which makes him respected wherever he lives. Margaret, a native of
27



418 THE HISTORY OF SOLANO COUNTY.

Ireland, and a daughter of John Lyons, he married April 26, 1866. Mary,
Freddie, and Celia are his children.

MILES, JAMES L., born in Davidson county, Tennessee, near Nashville,
March 3, 1822. His mother died when he was about eight years old ; his
father, H. D. Miles, married a second wife. He remained on the farm
where he was raised until he was about sixteen years old ; he then left
the old homestead and walked one hundred miles to the mouth of Cum-
berland river, or the town of Smithland, in Kentucky, where he engaged
as a common hand on the steamboat " Rio," H. H. Harrison, commander:
he continued to be engaged in steamboating on various boats and in dif-
ferent capacities until the 5th of April, 1850, when he left Nashville,
Tenn., for California. The last five years of his steamboating he was en-
gaged as pilot on different boats. He left Nashville in company with
Stephen J. Buckhout and wife, and Thomas L. Bowers, for California.
Bowers and himself arrived at Hangtown on the 20th of August, 1850 ; he
worked in the mines until the latter part of September, then he walked
to Sacramento city, where he hired to one Capt. Harding, to mow grass,
down below the city, where he worked until he was taken sick ; he then
returned to the city, and remained there a few days, until he felt able to
travel ; he then walked to Suisun valley, where he arrived the 21st of
October, 1850, with just one dollar and twenty-five cents in his pocket,
and all the clothes he had in the world he had on his back, and one
blanket. He walked to Benicia, and gave seventy-five cents of his coin for
dinner ; he then returned to Suisun, located here and went to work at
whatever work he could get, receiving four dollars per day for work. He
married Mary J. Quentien, daughter of Allen Quentien, the 18th day of
December, 1851. She, in company with her father and brother William,
and a negro man, Isaac, crossed the plains in 1850, and settled in Suisun
valley in October; she and her father were from Mill creek, four miles from
Nashville, Davidson county, Tenn. He commenced to farm in 1851, rais-
ing barley and potatoes; he shipped the first produce (potatoes) from Sui-
sun City, in July, 1852; he shipped them on the schooner "Ann Sophia,"
Josiah Wing captain and owner. The potatoes were sold in San Francisco
for 9f cents per pound. November 5, 1857, he returned to his native
State on a visit ; returned to California in February, 1858. In December,
1858, moved to the Montezuma hills, and lived on a ranch near Nurse's
Landing, taking care of cattle ; moved from there, in 1861, six miles
northwest of Bio Vista, where he lived eight years ; his wife died here,
the 16th of February, 1866, and left him with an only child, and she
blind ; sold his ranch here in October, 1869 (480 acres); then returned to
Suisun Valley, and in July, 1870, bought a farm of ninety acres, of
Lewis Pierce, where he now lives. Married a second wife, Malinda An-



THE HISTORY OF SOLANO COUNTY. 419

geline McKinley, June 7, 1877, she having three children: Samuel, Eliza-
beth J., and Alice Lee. He crossed the plains with mule teams ; was one
hundred days from the Missouri river to Hangtown, now Placerville.

MURRAY, ALEXANDER, is a native of Earltown, Colchester, Nova Scotia.
Born May, 1847. He learned the trade of shoemaker in his native coun-
try, and worked at it until May, 1868, when he emigrated to California,
and settled in Suisun, this county, working at his trade, where it is hoped
he will last long enough to repair all the soles. This done and his mis-
sion will be complete.

McCREARY, D., was born in York county, Pa., July 13, 1830, and with
parents moved to Crawford county, Ohio, where he was educated. In 1848
went to Ashland, Ashland county, Ohio, and in 1854 emigrated to Cali-
fornia, crossing the plains with J. L. Sanborn, arriving in the Suisun val-
ley in August of that year. He paid Mr. Sanborn $100 to be taken
across the plains, all the money he possessed. Having in early life
learned the gunsmith's trade, he was selected as the blacksmith for
the party, he being the nearest approach to that kind of a workman
among their number. A horse which he brought with him he sold before
arriving in the valley for $200, but sent the money home. It will be seen
he commenced life in this country without means, but by prudence and
economy he gathered together a sufficient amount to buy a portion of his
present estate, southwest from Suisun, and has since added to it, until
now he owns 760 acres of fine valley land. He moved to Suisun City in
1878, to educate his children. Married Mary, daughter of John McKnight,
a native of St. Joseph county, Ind., April 24, 1866. They have Sadie and
Howard.

MCDONALD, D. 0, of the firm of Hall, Hill & McDonald, was born in
Nova Scotia, April 8, 1848. Emigrated from his native country to Cali-
fornia, settling in this county, near Collinsville, in 1869 ; the following-
year he came to Suisun, and was engaged in farming until September,
1877, when he joined partnership in the livery business with the above
gentlemen.

PALMER, A. M., LYMAN LUTHER, was born August 30,1850,near Medora,
Macoupin County, Illinois. His father's name was Luther Bateman
Palmer, a native of Knox county, Ohio, and his mother's maiden name
was Louisa A. Brainard, a native of Addison county, Vermont ; entered
college, October 21, 1866, at Blackburn University, Carlinville, Illinois ;
graduated with honors from the Classical Department, June 12, 1873,
receiving the degree of Bachelor of Arts. June 11, 1877, he had the



420 THE HISTORY OF SOLANO COUNTY.

honor of having the degree of Master of Arts conferred upon him by his
Alma Mater. June 25th, 1873, he was united in marriage with Miss
Maria Frances Nantz. She was horn near Carlinville, Macoupin county,
Illinois. Her father's name was Edmund Walton "Nantz, a native of
Kentucky, and her mother's maiden name was Louisa Julia Bainbridge.
June 26, 1873, L. L. Palmer and wife started for California, and located
at Rio Vista, when he engaged in mercantile business for a while. He
was Principal of the Public School for one year, spent a part of a year
in Oakland, being connected with the press of that city, returned to Rio
Vista and taught another year, and then began the publication of the Rio
Vista Gleaner. In February, 1879, he became connected with the Solano
Republican, and at present resides in Suisun. He has three daughters,
the oldest, Sarah Estella, was born November 23, 1874 ; the second, Vesta
Louisa, was born October 21, 1876, and the third, Clara Belle, was born
December 19, 1878.

PALMER, S. G., the subject of this memoir, the youngest son of Phillip
and Ann A. Palmer, was born in Mason county, Kentucky, August 14th,
1840, removing, with the family, to Johnson county, Missouri, in 1844.
Here he remained till 1853, when, with his parents, he removed to Solano
county, Cal., where he has maintained a continuous residence, locating in
business in Suisun city, in 1867.

May 5th, 1865, he united his fortunes with Elizabeth T. Smith, daughter
of C. D. Smith. The result of the union being a handsome business
competence, and the family supplement of two bright children, Ethel A.,
and Clyde H. October 15th, 1870, Mr. Palmer was commissioned Post-
master, at Suisun city, his commission being signed by Postmaster-Gen-
eral John A. J. Creswell, which position he still fills. In May, 1879, he
was elected to and entered upon the duties of the somewhat responsible,
though not lucrative office, of Town Trustee. In addition to his public
services, in a Federal and Municipal capacity, he also served Cristal
School District one term, as Assessor and Collector, and has ever mani-
fested a deep interest in the cause of true education, and the general
dissemination of wholesome knowledge ; having himself enjoyed the ad-
vantages of a liberal education, and the conferment of the College degree
of A. B., in May, 1864, after patiently pursuing the necessary course of
study to entitle him thereto.

PANGBURN, GARRETT HENRY, a native of Albany county, N. Y.,
was born May 18, 1838. At the age of ten his parents moved to Sar-
atoga county, N. Y., and, after a few years, to Belvidere, Boone county,
Ills., and two years thereafter went to Sparta, Monroe county, Wis. Mr.
Pangburn started for California April 8, 1861, crossing the Plains with a



THE HISTORY OF SOLANO COUNTY 421

horse team, and arrived in Butte county, where he settled, in July of that
year. November, 1862, he came to this township, where he has since
permanently resided. Married Adeline Russell, daughter of Landy
Alford, Nov. 16, 1863. There children are Lillie, Ida May, Arthur,
James Francis Marion, Julia Belle, and Maud.

PEARCE, JOHN W., an old settler, of Solano county, was born in Bristol
county, Rhode Island, July 17, 1829. When a little over seventeen
years old, he went to Fall River, Mass., and was apprenticed to S. L.
James & Co., to learn the carpenters and joiners trade, remaining with
them until twenty -one years old. In 1850, went to New Bedford, Mass.,
where he remained until 1854, when in March of that year he arrived in
this State, settling in San Francisco. Two years, thereafter, he came to
Suisun, where he has maintained a continuous residence. Married Angie
B. Davis, an adopted daughter of Dr. Archer, on Dec. 7, 1863. She
died in Suisun, October 2, 1872. Maud M., born October 1, 1864, is their
only child.

PERKINS, E. D., is one of Solano's old settlers, who was born in Canada, (his
parents being then citizens of the United States,) March 15th, 1834. His
parents came to Rock county, Wis., where the subject of this sketch re-
ceived his education, and married Ellen Rittenhouse, daughter of William
Rittenhouse, of Green county, Wis. They emigrated to this State,
settling in Suisun city, in 1861. In the fall of 1871, Mr. Perkins was
elected County Treasurer and Tax Collector, and in 1873, elected Sheriff,
which office he held two years, and doing the county excellent service, in
bringing to justice several noted criminals, prominent among which was
the capture and conviction of "Black Jack," a noted safe breaker. At
the time he was serving the county as Sheriff, he was also engaged in the
mercantile trade, with W. K Hoyt, but afterwards bought Hoyt's interest
and is, at present writing, the sole proprietor. Clara, Herman, Dorman,
Hayden Ellen, and Jessie, are his children.

QUICJC, W., is a native of Ashland county, Ohio, and was born September
29th, 1835. Here he received his education, and worked at farming,
until about nineteen years old, and emigrated to California, crossing the
plains in 1854, and located in Napa county. In 1855, he went to Vallejo,
where he was engaged in draying during the winter, and then came to
Suisun Valley, where he was engaged in farming, from 1856 to 1863, at
which time he went to the mountains, mining for one year, and returned
to Suisun Valley. In 1869, we again find him in the mines, where he
stayed four years. He again returns to this county, and settled in the
Montezuma hills, working for W. B. Brown one year, after which he



422 THE HISTORY OF SOLANO COUNTY.

farmed on his own account. In the fall of 1875, he bought the ranch
where he now resides, and is located about three miles north-west of
Suisun.

RICE, HARVEY, was born in Marlboro, Middlesex county, Mass., April 3,
1827. He was educated in Marlboro, and was engaged in farming during
the summer, and taught school in winter, for a livelihood. Emigrated to
this State in 1849, coming via Cape Horn, locating in Benicia, June 10,
1850. The following year he moved to San Francisco, purchasing stock
in Oregon for the trade in California. In the fall of 1851 he made Sac-
ramento his home, pursuing the butcher business as well as the stock
trade, but changed his residence to this county in June, 1855, settling on
a rancho in the Suisun valley. In 1863 he came to Suisun City and, the
following year, opened his butcher-shop, and at the present writing is the
proprietor.

RICHARDSON, J. B., is a native of Le Roy, Genesee county, N. Y., where
his parents had settled in 1810, there being only three log houses in the
city of Rochester when they passed through that place. Mr. Richardson
has traced his genealogy to one Amos Richardson, who emigrated from
England, in 1640. He was born on June 10, 1827, and received his edu-
cation at his birth-place. In 1848 he moved to Lafayette county, Wis-
consin, and was by occupation a farmer. Returning to his former home
in 1851, where he married Miss Kate Richardson, from Le Roy, Genesee
county, New York, on May 15, 1850. They returned to Wisconsin, where
they abode until 1860, then emigrated overland to Suisun, Solano county,
Cal., arriving September 4th, of that year. On his arrival here he was
entirely destitute of money, and in order to gain a livelihood for himself
and wife, worked at " whatever his hands found to do," until appointed
Assistant Assessor, November 16, 1865. When the law was changed,
in July, 1875, he was appointed Deputy Collector of U. S. Internal Rev-
enue, which office he now holds. He has steadily pushed ahead in his
special avocations, and those with whom he has had business associations
aver that his efforts have been crowned with success. Belle Eliza, and
William Manning, are their children.

ROBBINS, R. D., was born in Bodoingham, Sagadahoc county, Maine, Febru-
ary 19, 1839. He was educated at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary, in his
native town. Leaving home in 1860, he took passage on a ship in New
York on March 20th, of that year, for California, crossing the Isthmus on
April 20th, and arrived in San Francisco on the 25th. Coming directly
to the Suisun valley, he commenced life among strangers, first as a hired
hand under Mr. Pearson, then hauled stone for the Fairfield church, for



THE HISTORY OF SOLANO COUNTY. 423

Nathan Richardson, and afterwards burning lime for James Burnett, and
on August 1, 1860, commenced work in a lumber yard at Suisun, for
Nickison & Crowell. May, 1862, he bought one-half interest in a lum-
ber-yard, of C. Kurlbaum, the firm then being Hook & Robbins. In July
following he purchased the lumber interest of Nickison & Crowell, and
in January, 1864, Mr. Robbins bought out his partner, J. S. Hook, and
has since been the sole proprietor. In additien to his large lumber inter-
ests, he was one of the prime movers in establishing the Bank of Suisun,
of which he is President. It will be seen that, step by step, the subject
of this sketch rose from poverty to a position among the wealthy men
of our county, envied by many. It is also a striking illustration of
what pluck, energy and honesty may accomplish. Mr. Robbins married
Sadiatha McCullah, a native of Jefferson county, Ohio, and daughter of
John McCullah, on January 19, 1871. Their children are, R. D., Mary
Emma, John Lloyd McCullah, and Minnie Hoyt.

ROBINSON, D. D. S., W. H., office and residence, Suisun. Is a Canadian by
birth. Being left an orphan when quite young, he had the varied tug
for existence common to all boys who have no home, and who have from
childhood to be the architects of their own fortunes. At ten years old we
find him in the town of Brantford, C. W., sub-clerk in a grocery, wages
two dollars per month ; but before he was eighteen, he had, by his own
efforts, accumulated over $1,200. With this sum he determined to obtain
an education, and with this object left his native land to attend Oberlin
College, Ohio, he being in sympathy with the principles of freedom and
manhood held and taught in that noted institution. Here he spent six
years, and then chose dentistry as his life pursuit, studying with Dr. J. P
Sidall, of that place, and receiving his diploma from the Ohio College of
Dental Surgery, in Cincinnati. He first practiced in Ashtabula, Ohio ;
then in Davenport, Iowa, and Leavenworth, Kansas, from 1865 to 1875.
Four years ago he made California his home. During his boyhood he
visited the neighboring town of Paris — a few miles from Brantford, C.
W., his own home — and while at church there, the first look at a little
girl sealed his door, matrimonially. That little girl was Clara Hawkins.
On the 29th of June, 1864, at her own home in that town, they were
married. She is now his wife. May, Leo, Clara, and Marsa, are their
children. "Ad Astra per aspera."

RUSH, B. F., was born at Fourteen Mile House, Sacramento county, Gal.,
Oct. 12, 1852. When two years old he came to this county with his
parents, settling on the ranch where he, at this writing, resides, in the
Potrero Hills. Received his primary and academical education in Oak-
land and San Francisco. Attended the Military Academy in Oakland,



424 THE HISTOEY OF SOLANO COUNTY.

and afterwards Heald's Business College. In 1870 to 75 he followed
book-keeping, after which he returned to his home, and engaged in farm-
ing and stock raising. Hiram Rush, his father, died Dec. 4, 1869, and
since October, 1875, he has been sole manager of the entire ranch, com-
prising 5,100 acres. He married June 20, 1876, Miss Anna M. McKean,
a native of Astoria, Oregon. She was boi*n April 13th, 1853. Richard
Ira, born July 19, 1877, and Frederick Winn, born March 14, 1879, are
the names and births of their children.

SPENCE, M. D., ALEXANDER PERSINGER, was born Dec. 30, 1834, at
Columbia, Boone county, Mo. Entered the Preparatory Department of
the State University of Missouri, in 1851, and graduated July 4, 1856,
after which he took two courses of medical lectures at the St. Thomas
Medical College of Missouri, receiving his degree from that institution
March 2, 1858. Has been actively engaged in the practice of medicine
up to the present time. Came to California March 1, 1877, and located
at Suisun City, April 1, 1878.

STAPLES, EARNEST H., is a native of York county, Maine, where he
was born, on October 14, 1856. When about one year old his parents
moved to Portland, Maine, where they lived about three years, and emi-
grated to California, via Panama, arriving in San Francisco, Nov. 13, 1859.
In 1861 they came to Suisun, Solano county. The subject of this sketch
was sent to St. Augustine's College, at Benicia, in 1869, completing parents
education during the five years he attended school there. About one
year thereafter he served as a cadet, about six months, on a Pacific mail
ship, running between San Francisco and Panama, after which he re-
turned to Suisun, and engaged as book-keeper for Lewis Pierce, for a
term of six months, and afterwards followed the same occupation for E.
D. Hilborn & Co. In October, 1877, he went on a rancho, at Cannon
Station, where he has since lived and farmed 1,040 acres of land. On *
August 11, 1878, he married Miss Sarah M., daughter of D. J. Reese, of
Vallejo.

STAPLES, F. 0., a native of Cumberland county, Maine. Born October
29, 1825, where he received his primary education and resided with parents
until he arrived at the age of sixteen, when he entered a drug store as clerk
in Saco, York county, Maine, where he remained about three years, when
he engaged in the book and stationery business, which he followed for
five years. He then went back, and lived with his parents for two years,
when he went to Birchforce, York county, and, in company with his
brothei Samuel, bought a farm, where he lived and farmed for three years*
after which he clerked again in a drug store, this time in Portland, Me.,