John Thomas Scharf.

History of western Maryland. Being a history of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett counties from the earliest period to the present day; including biographical sketches of their representative men (Volume 2, pt.1) online

. (page 1 of 85)
Online LibraryJohn Thomas ScharfHistory of western Maryland. Being a history of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett counties from the earliest period to the present day; including biographical sketches of their representative men (Volume 2, pt.1) → online text (page 1 of 85)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook





3 1833 02243 6700

Gc 975.2 Schl7h v. 2 pt . 1
Scharf, J. Thomas 1843-1898.
History of western Maryland

Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center

t Y



: ■ lid MONTGOMERY, CARROLL, I 11,11

I V/illllVV.'UL/t M11UI1I1IUI I Llj



;>.n i Dixo


, Jhj t K j& b Hj i% -i A 1 L






HI 1. >. I> !. r.IMI I A:


1 8 8 2.


ight, 188-2, bv Loi.'i.- H- Kvl:i




Carroll County : Introductory — First Settlers — Land
Grants— Erection of County— Bench and Bar— Dis-
' tinguished .Men— County Officer — .School Statistics 7S9

Tan.;; town District, Xo. 1 830

Washington County: General Characters-Agriculture—
;. m. n — Finances — County Created— Soils and Cli-
mate—Laud Grant- and Surveys— Indian Antiquities. 973

Public Officials 9S7

Roads— Bridges— Turnpikes— Stage-Coaches— Mails-
Railroads , 994

Representative Men and Families of Washington County 1011

CHAP T E 11 X L I V.
Hagerstown — The First Settler, Jonathan Eager —
Cresap's Fort — Incorporation or the Town — The First
Officers— Reminiscences— Prominent Events 1067


^Religious Denominations 1076

Bench and Bar of Washington County- The Court- House
—Early Trials and Executions— Jails— Early Court
Notes — Distinguished Judges and Lawyers 1106

Medicine and Physicians 1132


The Press of Hageratown H41


Schools and Libraries 1163

Public Institutions of Hagerstown: Market-House—
Alinshonso— Water- Works —Telegraph— Street-light-
ing — Street-paring 11M


Trade and Industries ol Uagerstown, and Financial In-

stitutions 1170

Miscellaneous Societies ai ' Events...., 1183

CHAPTER L 1 1 1.
Sharpsburg District 1202

C !l A P T E P. L I V.
AH< a- : County : Introductory— Topograph; — Geology
—Cor, Basin and Iron Ores— Clays— Names of Moun-
taii -Mi nufactures of Cumberland 1311


', . Settlements am I Lu ation— First Settlers— County
and Public Buildings— Early Court9 and Offi-
cials— Executions— Political Statistics..... 1342

Religious Denominations— Charitable and Benevolent
Associations— Secret Orders aid Societies... 14)0

Railroads— Leading Industries— Coal Companies— Banks
and Financial Institutions— Prominent Citizens— Ne-
orologj 1426

A)leg»nv County Districts-Orleans District 1457

Qarrett County ar-d Districts 1511


Executive Officer - • '•" l?

Parens or Baltimore '•••"

Governors of Maryland to41

Senators from Man laud IS48

Members of Constitutional Conventions 1548

Mnr7land Judiciary ' ■'

Population of Maryland '••••'

by Counties I



Allegany County Court-House 1301

Alvey, Richard A 11-1

An! ■;■?, C. B., Uo-hl.-Dt-e ant! Mills ...facing 900

Bellevue Asylum

Bi; . , Augustin A


H Charlc. )

-•.. IVifflain..
" ., ' ik'f 8r»'
}:r"-. •■. I i ml. ..

umilioi), Willi


sc, C.

se Bui




II- ■-•.


Mayer, Charles F

McKaig, 'Tbomas J...

M . re, Joseph

N ley, I

,. . . <■: |

Oakland Hotel facing 15S0

r, C.H 1404

. Old Port Frederick 1293

phM 944

Paul. TbbUiaS If fiioin;.- 1 ' ' ••

i. . T.J I6S!

Pern V.. G facing !■■' I

)'.: , W. J 14BS

IVniT, ■:. K;'i» f:.fing 1504

Porter .' M 1473

River and Canal at Williamsport 1221

Hotel facing 1340

Recwb, Andrew " 1308

Rhind, J ihn 1395

Rim-hart, Samuel 1257

!. I Id, •' ■:. ■"•: 1 l f '2l

Roberts, Charle ii facing 81T

Robinson, William 1340

Rogers (' immodore J"lii> 1091

Ri ••;.. - mud, resident of facing 982

Kyai I '505

,1J.M 1*06

So U.. . '.:• irge 1 128

Scl •;.. Fredericks I' 1 '-'

Si lames M 1! "-

berl .1 facing 1207

. . .. vcrnor Horatio " 1204

Shaw, A. B ; "67

j SlingluiT, L. P 005

Smith, Samuel P '■ tween 1402, 1403

■raker, D. H 1310

59 Stonebrakcr, J. W facing 1179

17 I Stonebreaker, Samuel A " 1V,U

i, William N 958 I Stouebrak'or, Samuel " 1?03

William M 877 VfStiiwbridge'a Log Meeting- House

between 1402, 140.';


lacing 874

Bi -■, G ■ geW 1-39

Rn • ' • masC farinp *70

Citj nail and Academy of Music, Cumberland 137G

Combs, U. Wheeler - '542

C . i'. lorats Monument H02

■ : Francis -I I

Curium, William 1246

. n.B.S facing 1233

Deer Park Hotel " 1443

Dortoy, Frederick 1184

Doyle, F. C 1245

Elliott, Commodore Jesse D 1029

Embrey. Theodore

Farrow, J. II " 122?

[onameul 1216

Fort Cumborlaud in lioi facing 1324

1, . ■ i Inn, Baltimore 1<>00

Garrett, Jotm V. facing 1515

(-;.. . i..-n. 'Vrjecai 920

! " .

. tV







Syester, A. K'

Ti. . Henry K :..

Towson, Gen. Nathan....

Turner, Benjamin L

Updegraff, William

Walsh, William


Ward, William

Watson, Col. William II.

ug 1 1

1059 Wclfley.D.P

1443 V.'eliy, John

1398 Wtitson, Moses



'I i






-Land Gra

-fc-m-h aai

l';tr — Dhtirw.'i l - ( >i

The territory embraced within the limits of Car-
roll County was settled if an early period in the his-
tory of Maryland. The first settlers were Scotch-Irish.
Genu ins. and the descendants of the English from
Soathei ' Maryland. The Indians, before the advent
of the whites, had retired across the South Mountain
into tl Ouui] i rli ud Valley. A remnant of the "Sus-
quehannocks," numberin : between sixty and seventy,
lived within less than a miie of Manchester (then a pa rt
of L;.!iin,ore County) until 1750 or 1751, and were
probably the last aborigines residing in the county.
About that period, without any stir or apparent prep-
aration, with the exception of two. they all disappeared
in a single night. The e eeptions were a chief named
Macanappy and his wife, both old and infirm, and
they survived the. departure of their race but a few
day* The similarity of names has given rise to the
impression that this tribe found its way to Florida,
and that Miconopy, the celebrated chief, who aftoi-
wards rave the United States so much, trouble, was
one of the descendants of the old Indiau left to die
near Manchester. In the Land Office at Annonoli-j
patents >re recorded fo land grants in i 1 is porti
the as early as i 7'. - 7. Iu that year "Park
Hull," a Unci of land containing two tho and
hunured and eighty acres, was surveyed for James
Carroll. This land was then situated in Prince
Giorge' County, between New Windsor and Sam's
* reek. In 1729 " Kilfadda" was panted to John

j Tredone, and sub.- iquently sold to Allan 1 arquhar.
I ll now embraces i par. of the tov a of Union Bridge
j and the farm of B.J. Venture. " Brierwood" was
I surveyed for Dr. Charles Carrol! in 1731. "White's
I Level," on which the original town of Weal linstcr
was built, was grant< 1 to John White in 1733.
■ •■ '■ . nny' ■: low," em) , he ,: West l" oi
] the .pre.sen.1 town of W.esl uiusl ■:, wa: • I ■

Jatneti Wall: in 17.41. "Fell's Retir. , ;

on I?!) e Creek, a id containin ; 475 acres, wa
to Edward Fell in 1742. " Arnold'* Chi
acres, was granted to Arnold Levers iu . ; 3.
• Brown's Delight," 350 crt situated on Cobb's
j Branch, ncai W< aiinsi r, was grant-.! to George
8j iwij in Lj 1.3. " N : :' !, '"' : ; Kindm -,," 100 acres,
I > < Imi . Cat roll in 1743. I lorn well," 661 acres
on Little Pipe Creek was patented in 1749, and after-
wards p'vu'l •.- •■'■./ Qaines a id Iii il her
j 'Terra Rubn was patei d to Philip •' in 1752,
! for 1865 acres; ;; Ri 3 1 Range" to Jr.\,u Ross in
i 1752, for 3400 acres; "Spring Gai I m," on part oi
; which Hempstead is built, to Dunstan Rani in 1748;
[ "Brothers' Agri iment," ncai T neytown to Edward
| Diggs and Raphael Taney in 1754, for 781 acres;
| "Foster's Hunting Ground" to John Foster, 1439
1 acres; "German Church" tv Jacob Schihi and
German Reformed and 1 - h ■ n
Five Daughters" Cat
j roll's daughter, 1759, for 1500 acres: " Ni Mai
j kct,'" on which Manchester is built, to Richard
I Rrchards iu 1754 ; '• Rattlesnake Ridge" to Edward
j Richards in 1733; ''Caledonia" to Wiilia n Li s i ■■■■'■
: others in 17G4. for 11,638 1 1 res ; '« Bond's Me idow"
to John Ridgely in 175.':, for 1915 act
stcr is partly situated on this tract); ' Bi
hcritance" to Michael Swopi ii 1761
"Ohio," north of Unio i v . Is. to
in 17fio, for 9250 acres; " New Bedford," near Mid-
dlebury, to Daniel McKenzie and J h L ; - ii

others in 1758, fur
i church at Manchester ;

[90 t


1702. for 5301 -acres; " Gilboa" to Thomas Rutland,
17112. for 277-' acres; " Runnymeade," between
Uniootown and Taneytown, to Francis Kej and Upton
S< - >tt in 170", , for 3077 acres; " Hale's Venture" to
Nicholas Hale in 1770, fur 28SG acres ; "Windsor
Forest" to John Dorsey in 1772. for 2S8G acres;

r . I , iter' 1 to Charles Carroll of Cavrollton in 1773,
for 470C acrea ; and " Lookabout," near Roop's mill,
-. Leigh M:i>!'-r in 1774, for 1443 acres.

\i iong (he earliest settlers in this seetion of Mary-
; 1 was Wili • Farquhar, whose energy, thrift, and
insdoni aided materially in the development of the
country. His ancestors emigrated from Scotland to
!: land, where lie was horn July 20, 1705. When
sixteen years of age. he left Ireland with his father,
Allen Farquhar, and settled in Pennsylvania. Allen
Farquhar, as was mentioned above, acquired from
Juhu a large tract of land on Little Pipe
Creek; but there i-; no evidence that he actually rc-
si.icd there. In 1730 l.e conveyed this tract, known
;s •• Kilfadda," to his sin William, one of the condi-
tions of the giTl bciu^ that ho should remove from
Pennsylvania to " ye" province 0: Maryland. In
compliance with the terms of the deed. William Far-
quhar, with his wife Ann, came to Maryland anil en-
t: . ! I'll.' poss - nil of his estate. The country was
then a wilderness and destitute of roads, except such
paths as were ma le by wild beasts and Indians, and no
i it 1 ..■ iutrepidity was required for such a journey,
clogged with a helpless family. Farquhar bad learned
the trade of a tailor, and by his skill and industry i'i
making buckskin breeches, the garments then most
ia vogue, he prospered. He invested his savings in
land, aud in 1708 he was the possessor of two thou-
sand acres, in which wa3 included all the ground upon
which the preseiit towu of Union Bridge is built.
He eras a counselor and peace-maker, and if is related
of hitu that upon one occasion he. rode home in the
evening and loiind his house surrounded with emi-
granuwagons belonging to settlers who had been
driven from their homes by the Indians and had fled
to him for protection. They had their stock and
movable property with them, and were afraid to go
bx-k to their lands. Farquhar visited the Indians
»nd soon pacified them, and the settlers returned to
tl ;i homes and were never afterwards molested.
Bctw ■ .. tli! years 1730 cod 1740 great ..■■

mem of what is now known

• i' 11..:: County. "The Marsh Creek sel

!■> the western section of York County, Pa., in-

I ; _' tin region around Gettysburg, composed

■ 1 f Scotch-Irish, furnished a num-

aud enter;, rising immigrants, and

Hanover and Concwago, in the same county, settled
entirely by Germans, provided a large contingent,
The latter located principally in the Manchester and
Myers Districts, where many of their descendants now

j Many were attracted thither also from St. Mary's,
I'rii ce George's, Ann,' Arundel, and Baltimore Coun-
ties, on the Western Shore of M arylaml. The dispute
! concerning the boundary line between the provii sol
! Pennsylvania and Maryland was a fruitful source of
tn ul I i to thos \ I 1 5cs 'd inl n 1 in the de-
batable ground. A strip of land sin or eight miles
laitued both by the province of Pennsylvania
am! the proprietary of Maryland. John Diggi ob
tained a Maryland grant of six thousand eight hun-
dred ucics in the vicinity of Hanover, aud Charles
Carroll procured a similar grant in the neighborhood
of Fairfield or Millersrown, aud the latter now i.-ies
by the name of the Carroll Tract. H .norer, at that
tin..' known as Me.Mli^icrslown. or K:.'.ilsterstowu
was within the disputed territory, and became a
refuge for disorderly characters, and hence was called
" Rogues' Harbor."

This vexatious boundary question, which had agi-
tated the two colonics since the arrival of William
Penn in America in 1GS2, was decided, as wo have
shown elsewhere, in favoi of the province of Penn-
sylvania in 17G9 by Mason and Dison, two sur-
veyors sent out from Loudon for that propose, aud
Mason aud Dixon's lino has ever since remained
the unquestioned boundary between the two com-
monwealths. The dispute having reached a definite
conclusion, an impetus was given i > development.
Settlers multiplied, the country was cleared up, and
convenient farm-buildings were erected. The inhab-
itants soon learned to appreciate the fine water-powers
so abundant in this portion of Maryland, and in I 700
David Shriver, the. grandfather of the older members
of the family of that name now living in We tern
Maryland, purchased a tract of land on Little Pipe
Creek and erected a mill aud tannery. Mr. Shriver
was a proniiuent and useful citizen. He reprcsc ited
' Frederick County in the conventiou called in 177G to
j frame a constitution for the State of Maryland, and
I for a number of years he was the representative of
! that county in the Senate and House of
In Mav, '7G5, a bateau loaded with iran wa sua - ■
fully navigated from the Hampton I
: Creek to the mouth of lli< MonocacyR r,i; Freder-
j ick County. There is no record of th • • stablishment

of this furnace, but that it must havt I)
| for some time prioi tl i date giv< i ve is evident
; from the adverti i 3 28,1707,



in which Benedict Calvert, Edward Digges, Normand
Bruce, William Digges, Jr., aud James Caoady offer
for sale the" Hampton Furnace, in Frederick County,
together with upwards of three thousand acres of land.
The furnace (with casting-bellows) and bridge-houses
were built of stone, also grist-mill and two stores, the
whole situated on a branch of Monocacy River."

The entire stock of negroes, servants, horses,
wagons, and implements belonging to the works were
offered for sale. There was on hand at the time coal
for six months, fourteen hundred cords of wood, five
hundred tons of ore at the side of the furnace and
four hundred tons raised at the banks. The adver-
tisement concludes with the announcement that
Normand Bruce lived near the works.

Solomon Shepherd, grandfather of Thomas, Solo-
mon, and James F. Shepherd, married Susanna Far-
quhar, the youngest child of William Farqubar, Oct.
27, 1779, and settled on a portion of the Farqubar
estate, about three-quarters of a mile east of Union
Bridge. Mr. Shepherd was a wool-comber aud fuller,
and established a fulling-mill where the factory now
stands. For some time after the construction of his
mill he was without a house of his own, aud boarded
with his father-in-law, at some distance down Pipe's
Creek ; and it is related of him that in walking back
and forth along the banks of the stream from the
mill to the house at night he was wont to burn the
ends of a bunch of hickory sticks before he would
set out on bis hazardous journey, aud when the wolves
(which were savage and ravenous) approached too near
he would whirl bis firebrand about him to drive them
away. He afterwards moved into a log house, which
is still standing, and in 1790 built the brick house in
which Shepherd Wood now resides. The latter was
at that time considered u palatial extravagance, and
the neighbors dubbed it " Solomon's Folly." In 1 SI
he built the present factory, and put in carding and
spinning-machines and looms for the manufacture of
cloths, blankets, and other fabrics. In 1815 he pur-
chased land of Peter Benedune, and removed to the
place now owned and occupied by E. G . Penrose, where
he lived until his death in 183-1.

In 1783, David Rhinehart and Martin Wolfe
walked from Lancaster County, Pa., to Sam's Creek,
where they purchased a tract of land and soon after-
wards settled on it. Wolfe was the grandfather of
Joseph, Samuel, and Daniel Wolfe. He was some-
what eccentric after a very unusual fashion, and is
said to have been unwilling to dispose of property for
a price which he believed to exceed its real value.
David Rhinehart was the grandfather of David,
Daniel, Villiam II., E. Thomas, J. C, and E. F.

Rhinehart. William H. Rhinehart, the great Amer-
ican sculptor, received his first lessons on the farm
now owned and occupied by Daniel Rhinehart, twelve
miles southeast of Union Bridge.

Joel Wright^ of Pennsylvania, married Elizabeth
Farqubar, daughter of William Farqubar, and settled
on a part of the land acquired by his father-in-law.
He was a surveyor and school-teacher, and superin-
tended a school under the care of Pipe Creek Monthly
Meeting, at that time one of the best educational in-
stitutions in the State. His pupils came from all
parts of the surrounding country, and many were sent
to him from Frederick City ami its vicinity. It was
comraoji in those days for ladies to make long jour-
neys on horseback to attend religious meetings or to
visit friends. Mrs. Wright traveled in this way to
Brownsville, then called " Bed Stone," in Pennsyl-
vania, to attend meeting and to visit her relatives.
She brought back with her, on her return, two small
sugar-trees and planted them, and from these have
sprung the many beautiful shade-trees of that species
which adorn the vicinity of Union Bridge.

Francis Scott Key, whose name the " Star-Spangled
Banner" has made immortal, was boru at Terra
Rubra, near the Monocacy, in what is now the Mid-
dleburg District of Carroll County, Aug. 9, 1780.
Iu his day he was well known as an able lawyer and
Christian gentleman, but with the lapse of time bis
reputation as a poet has overshadowed his many other
excellent qualities.

.Col. Joshua Gist was an early settler in the sec-
tion of Maryland now embraced within the limits of
Carroll County. He was an active partisan in the
Revolutionary war, and during the administration of
President John Adams, near the close of the last cen-
tury, was marked iu his disapproval of the riotous and
insurrectionary proceedings of those opposed to the
excise duty laid upon stills. The disturbance, known
in history as the "Whisky Insurrection," became so
formidable, especially in Western Pennsylvania, that
Mr. Adams appointed Gen. Washington commander
of the forces raised to suppress it. The excitement
extended to this region, and the Whisky Boys in a
band marched into Westminster and set up a liberty-
pole. The inhabitants of the town -becoming alarmed
sent out for Col. Gist, who then commanded a militia
regiment. The colonel, a very courageous man,
mounted bis horse, rode into town, drew his sword,
aud ordered the pule to be cut down, which was at
once. done, and placing his foot on it, be thus re-
mained until it was hewn in pieces. The Boys, con-
cluding discretion to be the better part of valor, stole
out of town, and the incipient revolution was stayed



by the coolness and judgment of a single individual.
It) 174S, Frederick Country was created by the Colo-
nial Legislature, and that portion of the present
county of Carroll which had previously belonged to
Prince George's was embraced within its limits, as
was almost the whole of Western Maryland. Col.
Gist and Henry Warfield were elected to the House
of Delegates of Maryland towards the close of the
eighteenth century, for the express purpose of secur-
ing a division of the county into election districts
for the convenience of the inhabitants, who were at
that time compelled to cross the Monoeaey aud go all
the way to Frederick City to vote.

Joseph Elgar, in the latter part of the last century,
established a factory at Union Bridge for the manu-
facture of wrought nails, — that is, the nails were so
designated, but in reality they were cut from the
bar of iron, lengthwise with the fibre of the bar,
■which gave them ductility and clinching qualities
equivalent to wrought nails. Elgar subsequently re-
moved to Washington and entered the service of the
United States, where his genius was duly appreciated.
About the year 1S09, Jacob R. Thomas, a neighbor
of Elgar, conceived the idea that the very hard labor
of cutting grain in the harvest-field could he done by
machinery driven by horse-power. Prior to this time,
aud for some years afterwards, the old system of
cradling grain was the only process generally known
lor harvesting, and the reaping-machine may be truth-
fully said to have been invented by him. Thomas
worked at his machine with great assiduity, aud added
to it an automatic attachment to gather the cut grain
into sheaves, it being substantially the self-raker of
he present day. During the harvest in the summer
of 1811 his machine was so far perfected as to admit
of a trial. It had not been furnished with a tongue
and other appurtenances for attaching horses, and was
therefore pushed into the harvest-field and over the
grain by a sufficient number of men. Thomas Shep-
herd, recently deceased, and William Shepherd, his
brother, and father of Thomas F. Shepherd and Sol-
omon Shepherd, and Rudolph Stern, father of Reuben
W. Stern, of Westminster, were three of the men
who aided in the trial, and their testimony is unani-
mous that it cut the grain well and perfectly, but that,
its delivery was defective and did not make a good
Bheaf. There is no evidence on record as to the man-
ner in which the gathering attachment was con-
structed, whether it was like or unlike any of the
automatic rakes of the present day, but the cutting
apparatus was the same in principle as those now in
use on the best reapers, mowiug in the same shears-
like manner, which has been universally approved

and adopted as the best method of cutting grain,
and differing only in the manner of attaching the
knives to the. sickle-bar. In modern machines the
knives are short and broad and riveted fast to the
sickle-bar, while in Thomas' machine the knives were
longer and pivoted in the middle, and attached to
the sickle bar by a pivot at the rear end. Thomas
was extremely sensitive, and unable to bear up against
and overcome the incredulity and ridicule consequent
upon the partial failure of the machine, and it was
never finished by him. He afterwards built a factory
for the manufacture of flax into linen, but it did not
prove remunerative. He subsequently removed to
Baltimore, where he kept the Globe Inn, on Market
Street, and then to Frederick- City, where he kept the
City Hotel, aud afterwards to Point of Rocks, on the
Potomac River, where at the time of his death he
was engaged in the construction of a steam canal-
boat invented by himself. Ohed Hussey, the pio-
neer in the manufacture of practical reaping-machines,
was a cousin of Jacob R. Thomas. They were inti-
mately acquainted, and Hussey afterwards perfected
Thomas' invention, and from that McCormick's, and
all others cutting on the same principle, were framed.
The pathetic story of Jacob 11. Thomas is the same
so often repeated in the lives of inventors and dis-
coverers. The spark of genius went out amid the
vapors of poverty, while his quick-witted imitators
reaped the golden showers which should have been
poured into his own lap. The region of country
afterwards known as Carroll County now grew apace.

Online LibraryJohn Thomas ScharfHistory of western Maryland. Being a history of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett counties from the earliest period to the present day; including biographical sketches of their representative men (Volume 2, pt.1) → online text (page 1 of 85)