James Augustine McFaul.

Pastoral letters, address, and the other writings of the Rev. James A. McFaul, edited by Rev. James J. Powers. online

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popular in our institutions of learning. The value of Col-
lege education, however, mainly consists in the expert train-
ing of the mind and heart. It is impossible to adequately
describe the importance of contact with cultivated minds,
with the best thoughts of the past, obtained through a knowl-
edge of the studies pursued in college. Again Homer, Virgil,
Horace, Dante, Shakespeare, Milton, Moore, sing their im-
mortal verse ; Demosthenes, Cicero, Bossuet, Burke, Webster,
still command an applauding audience; Aristotle and Plato
continue to discourse wisdom ; Herodotus, Xenophon, Taci-
tus, Livy, Caesar and Sallust relate the deeds of the past
to successive generations. The mind cannot resist the effect
of such intimate association with all that is lofty and in-
spiring in the realm of thought, with the thoughts of the
past and the present, whether in literature or science. Add
to this the influence of the Christian professor to guide,
guard and lead onward and upward by word and example,

* Rom. XI., 33.

Address to the Graduates. 95

and who will be able to estimate the benefit received ? O,
how precious the labor, then, of the true professor, he who
has his heart in his work, and by talent and labor has so
mastered his subject as to have made it part and parcel of
himself I He pours forth the stores of a well filled mind,
so clearly and eloquently, as to plant knowledge in the minds
of his students, and to enkindle in them an enduring love
for the pursuit of truth.

Fortunate, indeed, is the graduate of our colloges ; for,
trained in the principles of Catholic philosophy, he has the
solid rational foundation of future knowledge. By it the
greatest minds have been formed ; its principles only are
strong enough to withstand modern error, and to sound its
hidden shoals and quicksands.

The proper basis of philosophic knowledge having been
laid, he journeys securely along the pathway of science and
rates at its true value the sophistry of unbelief. How beau-
tiful and logical does he then find the sublime truths of
Christianity ! Viewing all knowledge, natural and super-
natural as parts of one stupendous whole, it is clear that
God is the source of all truth, the Alpha and Omega, the
beginning and the end. Noble, indeed, as secular training-
is in itself, it fits only for a natural and temporal end,
whereas man has a supernatural and eternal destiny. Our
Catholic Colleges, therefore, also devote themselves to the
moral and religious education of youth.

With this full training you young men are going forth
from your Alma Mater. If you ask how you shall succeed,
now that you are to take up some of the professions or to
prepare for the God-like work of the priesthood, I ask what
has brought the success of which you and your friends are
to-day so proud ? Has it not been the result of laba?; perse-
verance, and ti^st in God? Yes; these qualities are es-
sential to success. Natural parts are of course necessary;
without a foundation you cannot erect a superstructure. Is
genius required for success ? Genius is a quality very seldom
found. The centuries have produced only a few men of
genius. So scarce are they that they stand out prominently

96 Pastoral Letters, Etc.

in the warp and woof of the world's history like glittering
jewels, attracting attention. iSTo great mind, however, has
gained exalted position without labor and perseverance ; and
the very brightest, like St. Augustine and St. Thomas, have
added thereto an unbounded confidence in God's assistance.

Graduates of Seton Hall, you are leaving your Alma
Mater, with cultivated faculties and highest hopes. You are
leaving her also in an age that demands your best efforts ; for
many trained athletes are in the list with you. Moreover,
you are to exercise your powers in a land of magnificent
opportunity — America .

This young Republic needs your services. More than any
other form of government, a Republic needs intelligence and
virtue; for as the individual is, so shall be the family and
the nation. Being conscientious, God-fearing Christians, you
will be loyal, moral citizens, enemies of vice and ignorance
which are destructive of our free institutions.

Gentlemen, America and the Church of Columbus, Car-
roll, Hughes and Brownson, look up to you and desire you
to be their worthy sons and representatives. Labor, there-
fore, persevere in whatever profession or state of life you
are fitted for by your talents, and called to by the Almighty.
Be virtuous, worthy sons of Holy Church, Christian gentle-
men. God will then cro^vn your efforts ; and your Alma
Mater will look back with pride on the day that she sent
you forth, with her maternal blessing, to battle for faith
and country.




Between The A. 0. H. of America^ and The A. O. H. of
U. S. A. In Affiliation With The B. of E.

December 11th, 1897.





B. OF E.

Messrs. P. J. O'Connor, National President; John C.
Weadock, National Vice President ; Maurice F. Wilhere,
National Director; John P. Murphy, National Director;
James O'Sullivan, National Secretary; Rev. William T.
McLaughlin, a Committee representing "The A. O. H. of
America ;" and Rev. E. S. Phillips, National Delegate ; E.
R. Hayes, National Secretary; John P. Quinnan, Joseph
McLaughlin, Miles F. McPartland, James H. Mui-phy, a
Committee representing "The A. O. H. of the U. S. of
America," in affiliation with the Board of Erin.


In virtue of powers delegated to you by the Organi-
zations which you represent, you entered into the following
agreement at Atlantic City, N. J., on the third day of
August, 1897:

"Whereas, There is an almost unanimous desire among
the members of the above-named Organizations for the uni-
fication of both bodies, and believing that the interests of
our race and religion can be best subserved by such a union,
and also believing that the most efficacious manner of set-
tling the differences between our respective Organizations
is by arbitration ;

"Now, therefore, the said Committees hereby mutually
covenant and agree, each Committee with each other, and
each Organization, through its Committee, with the other
Organization, that they will be and are hereby directed,
governed and bound by the following articles:

"First. — That all questions in dispute between the two

100 Pastoral Letters, Etc.

bodies be referred to an Arbiter, to be chosen from the
Hierarchy of the United States, said Arbiter to be Irish,
either by birth or descent, giving, granting, and delegating
to him full, final and exclusive jurisdiction, and also ju-
dicial power to investigate and reconcile existing differences,
constitutional and otherwise. He shall fix the time of the
hearing at the earliest possible moment, and have full and
discretionary power to determine the order, manner and ex-
tent of the presentation of the case of both former bodies,
to summon before him such officers and members, and to
order the production of such documents as he may deem
expedient to the end that he make an equitable adjustment
of all differences, and formulate a plan of union which will
be binding, honorable and for the best interests of the Order,
and for this purpose we delegate him all power and authority
which we may have in the premises.

"Second. — That each Organization shall continue to
manage its own aft'airs, as at present, until the Arbiter shall
have finished his work and announced his decision, which
decision shall be binding upon all officers and members of
both former Orders, anything in the constitution, laws and
customs of either former Order to the contrary notwith-
standing; and that we hereby pledge our official honor and
the honor of the Organizations we respectively represent to
a faithful and strict obedience to the decision of the Arbiter."

In pursuance of this agreement you came to my resi-
dence in Trenton, the next day, and requested me to act
as Arbitrator. I cheerfully consented with the understand-
ing that my powers extended not only to the devising of a
plan for uniting the two bodies, but to such a union as
w^ould clearly manifest your filial obedience to the teachings
of Holy Mother Church, and your earnest desire to be
knowTi as exemplary Catholics.

I have employed every available means for thoroughly
informing myself of the principles and aims of the Organi-
zations, the difficulties which have arisen and their causes,
and, after weighing, I believe, justly and impartially the
evidence submitted and obtained by interviews and corres-

Decision of the Arbitrator. 101

pondence, as the Arbitrator selected by your honorable Com-
mittees, I render the following decision:

1. The name by which the reunited Organization shall
be known is "The Ancient Order of Hibernians ;" the words
"in America" shall be added only to designate the country
wherein the Organization is located.

2. The Constitution in use previous to disunion, and
adopted at the National Convention held in Cleveland, Ohio,
May 16th, 1884, shall be taken as the ground work to which
all necessary amendments shall be made.

At the K'ational Convention, held by virtue of this de-
cision, amendments shall be recommended by a Committee
of five members, appointed by the permanent chairman, and
said amendments may be adopted by the Convention after
they shall have received the approval of the Arbitrator.

3. The qualifications for membership in the Order are
enumerated in Article X. of the above-mentioned Consti-
tution. Among others, the following will be found: "Xo
person shall become a member of this Order who is not Irish,
or of Irish descent through either parent, etc."

This qualification has been the cause of much discussion
in past years. I am satisfied, nevertheless, that its retention
is necessary for the continuance, growth and prosperity of
the Organization in this country. A more restrictive quali-
fication may, perhaps, be better in Europe ; but, in America,
it would be suicidal, owing to the frequent marriages of
the Irish and their descendants with other nationalties.

It has been assert^^d that this qualification opens the way
to objectionable membership. I do not concur in this view.
It is by vote that a candidate is received or rejected, and,
as this is a sufficient safeguard, an additional means need
not be selected; and one that will lead, sooner or later, to
the extinction of the Order in America must be condemned
by every member who has the welfare of the Organization
at heart.

Moreover, as the Irish have always been justly proud
of the part taken by their heroic ancestors in the cause of
Church and Motherland, during the dark ages of persecution,

102 Pastoral Letters, Etc.

this Organization will only be true to its best traditions
when it cultivates and encourages the patriotic pulsations
of every heart in which circulates a single drop of Irish

4. The "Quarterly Communications," after the l^ational
Convention held in accordance with this decision, shall be
manufactured and issued, subject to the approval of the
National Chaplain, by the chief executive officer of the Order
in America, until the European branches of the Order shall
have united, and a member of the Irish Hierarchy shall have
certified to the National Chaplain that the united body is in
harmony with the teachings of the Catholic Church. Then,
the question of receiving the "Quarterly Communications"
from Europe may be considered.

You have come together like true and honorable men,
willing to make any sacrifice for unity and harmony ; you
have resolved that all differences shall be forgotten, and you
are determined to act for the best interests of your Church,
your race, and the general welfare of yoiTr Organization.
Your brothers in Europe are equally magnanimous, and will,
no doubt, cheerfully follow your example. I suggest, there-
fore, that the new chief executive officer, elected at the Na-
tional Convention, held by virtue of this decision, communi-
cate with the chief executive officers of the European branches
of the Order, and advise them to unite by some feasible
means such as you have selected.

5. A bond of Eriendship, Unity, and Christian Charity,
shall still exist between the American and European bodies.
This bond shall be the "Transfer Card" from either Euro-
pean branch which shall be duly honored, as hereinafter pro-
vided, by the Order in America.

6. The Plan of Reorganization, which is hereto attached,
is a part of this decision, and embraces all matters apper-
taining to Representation, Conventions, Credentials, Proi>
erty, Transfer Card, Constitution, Ritual, Government of
Organization, etc., etc.

Allow me. Gentlemen, in delivering this decision to pre-
sent my thanks for the uniform courtesy shown me during

Decision of the Arbiteatoe. 103

these deliberations by yourselves and other members of both
Organizations, and to express the hope that my labors may
redound to the glory of Holy Church, the best interests of
America, the welfare of the Irish race, and "The Ancient
Order of Hibernians" throughout the world.

^ JAMES A. McFAUL (Arbitrator),

Bishop of Trenton.
Trenton, IsT. J., Dec. 11th, 1897.

This decision and the Plan of Reorganization were rati-
fied as follows:

We, the undersigTied, representing the above-named Com-
mittees of "The A. O. H. of America," and "The A. O. H.
of the U, S. of America," in affiliation with the Board of
Erin, hereby, for our respective Organizations, and our-
selves, accept the foregoing decision of the Rt. Rev. Arbi-
trator, and bind ourselves faithfully to execute the provisions
of the same in the aforesaid Organizations.

P. J. O'Connor^ E. S. Phillips,

N. P. A. 0. H. of America. National Delegate A. 0.

John C. Weadock, H. B. of E.

N. V. P. A. 0. H. of America, E. R. Hayes,

hy his attorney in fact Nat. Sec. B. of E.

P. J. O'Connor. Jno. P. Quinnan,

James O' Sullivan, James H. Murphy, S. D.

Nat. Secretary. Joseph McLaughlin,
M. F. Wilhere, N. D. Miles F. McPartland,

John P. Murphy, N. D. John McWilliams,

Wm. T. McLaughlin, National Treas.

Com. A. 0. H. of A.

Com. A. O. H. r. S. A.,
B. of E.
Trenton, K J., Dec. 11th, 1897.




THE A. O. H.

January 10th, 1898.


The a. O. H. of America and the A. O. H. or the U. S.
IN Affiliation with the B. of E.

Messrs. P. J. O'Connor, National President; John C.
Weadock, National Vice President; Maurice F. Wilhere,
National Director; John P. Murphy, National Director;
James O'Sullivan, National Secretary; Rev. William T.
McLaughlin, a Committee representing "The A. O. H. of
America ;" and Rev. E. S. Phillips, National Delegate ; E.
R. Hayes, National Secretary; John McWilliams, National
Treasurer; John P. Quinnan, Joseph McLaughlin, Miles
F. McPartland, James H. Murphy, a Committee represent-
ing "The A. O. H. of the U. S. of America," in affiliation
with the Board of Erin.


In my decision of December 11th, 1897, I reserved the
right to designate the time and place for the National Con-
vention, to be held by virtue of said decision, in the follow-
ing words : "The National Delegate and the National Presi-
dent shall conjointly sign and issue a call, countersigned by
the Arbitrator, to those under their jurisdiction, for a Na-
tional Convention, to be held during the month of June,
1898, on such day, and in such place as the Arbitrator shall
decide." This clause was accepted and ratified by your
Honorable Committees. In pursuance of this part of the
decision, I have weighed the reasons which should be con-
sidered in relation to the time and place of the National Con-
vention, bearing always in mind the interests of both Or-
ganizations and specially the cause of unity and harmony.

Before the selection of an Arbitrator, each branch of the
Order had selected an American city for holding its own

108 Pastokai. Letters, Etc.

K'ational Convention, and after arbitration had been resorted
to, it became at once perfectly clear that only one National
Convention conid be held, and that this must necessarily be
one of the points on which the Arbitrator should exercise his

Besides, after so cordial an acceptance of my decision by
your Honorable Committees, acting for both bodies, and its
unanimous ratification — without even one discordant note
from the Organization throughovit the country, covering, as
it did, principles which had been discussed with such diverg-
ence of opinions during many years — it is evident that the
question of time and place is of minor importance. ISTever-
theless, I have carefully considered this question, and I find
that it would be imprudent and prejudicial to the interests
of unity and harmony, if either of the cities designated,
previous to my selection as Arbitrator, for National Con-
ventions this year, were selected. I must, therefore, choose
a neutral city, and be guided by its accessibility as a rail-
way center, and its capability for accommodating the Dele-
gates. Moreover, I think it will be granted, after my long
and arduous labor in behalf of unity, since I am to be
temporary Chairman, and my personal supervision, as
Arbitrator, will be needed until the close of the National
Convention, that my convenience should also be considered.
For, I am required, in a very busy season of the year for
me, to devote a great part of my time to the interests of the
Order, and should not be asked to leave my diocese.

It has been urged that certain American cities are
replete with revolutionary memories, and that this entitles
them to consideration in making a selection. Gentlemen, I
most willingly concede the force of this argument. It will,
indeed, be a glorious day when Irish and Irish-Americans
meeting here in America, on soil rendered sacred, in revolu-
tionary days, by the blood of our fathers, will lovingly en-
twine the memories of the heroic deeds of Erin and America
— deeds crimsoned with their heart's blood and performed
for "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." Therefore,
I feel that Providence guided the steps of your Honorable

Decision Regaeding National Convention. 109

Committees, seeking for union, to Xew Jersey. For here are
the historic battle fields of Princeton, Monmouth and Tren-
ton. I love, indeed, to think that 'New Jersey was among
the first of the sturdy Colonics to raise the standard of in-
dependence; that her hills and valleys have been hallowed
by the blood of revolutionar}- heroes ; that when the des-
tinies of this country were shrouded in darkness; when the
spirits of the Fathers hung heavy and dejected; when de-
feat after defeat had tried their patience and taxed their
endurance, the victory at Trenton gave them new strength
and courage, and that in this city was seen, for the first time,
the bright star of hope rising above the darkened horizon.

Familiar as we are with these glorious deeds, must not
I, and my devoted flock, be proud of the fact that my Cathe-
dral is built on the ground first dedicated to freedom and
then to religion by the Lord of Hosts, and that its Gothic
spire, while pointing out the way to Heaven is alike a monu-
ment to civic and Christian virtue ! Yes, gentlemen, be
assured Providence guided you to Trenton; here the work
of union was begun and here let it be enduringly cemented.

Therefore, I hereby decide that the National Convention
to be called in pursuance of my decision, dated December
11th, 1897, shall be held in the city of Trenton, New Jersey,
and begin on the 27th day of June, 1898.

This decision shall be forwarded to bot^ Organizations
by their National Secretaries, and a call for the said Na-
tional Convention shall be issued later in the manner directed
in my former decision.

With my best wishes for the New Year and my blessing
to everv- member of the A. O. H., I am.

Very sincerely yours,

i{( James A. McFaul,

Trenton, N. J., January 10th, 1898.


To The Cleegy.
January 16th, 1898.


Yenerable Brethren of the Clei-gy:

Having completed our first canonical visitation of the
diocese, we send you a special letter to thank you for the
kindness and courtesy with which you received us and as-
sisted in the performance of this important episcopal func-
tion, to congratulate you on the spiritual as well as the ma-
terial growth and progress which we observ^ed in so many
parishes, and to suggest corrections and improvements
whereby the Church, which has grown up so rapidly since
the creation of the diocese, may continue to prosper and
bring forth more and more abundant fruit. This is the end
of our ministry as outlined by St. Paul, in his letter to the
Ephesians : ^'Et ipse dedit quosdam quidem Apostolos, quos-
dam autem Prophetas, alios vero Evangelistas, alios autem
pastores et doctores ad consummationem sanctorum in opus
ministerii, in aedificationcm corporis Christi."*

The time which we have selected is opportune, as you
have now become familiar with the Statutes enacted in the
Second Diocesan Synod, and will be able to begin the new
year fortified by laws which are the fruit of the experience
of Bishops and priests actively engaged in the ministry, not
only in Xew Jersey, but throughout the United States.

Many of the things to which we shall draw your atten-
tion, were spoken of during the visitation of each parish;
we have, nevertheless, determined to address you in this
general way with the view of more rapidly obtaining uni-
formity of discipline. Taking up the Statutes of the Second
Synod, we shall speak only of those matters which are some-
times neglected, but which experience has taught are re-
quisite for effective results.

* Eph. IV.. 11, 12.

114 Pastoral Letters, Etc.


Permit us to begin by recommending a frequent perusal
of the Plenary Councils of Baltimore, and those of this
Province. The Plenary Councils of Baltimore contain the
laws by which the Church in America has been guided
towards her present prosperous condition, and it is under
their direction that she will reach that ultimate perfection
of which there are to-day so many signal manifestations.
They are a mine of knowledge wherein you may find most
useful and necessary information regarding the prerogatives,
rights and duties of the priestly ofiice, and its relations to
the cultivation of the extensive field in which you are labor-
ing for the salvation of souls.


Among the sacerdotal duties, we would emphasize the
importance of teaching, by word and example, the truths of
faith and mortality. Reflect that, by virtue of episcopal
appointment, you are the only duly-authorized preachers, in
your respective parishes, of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Your first duty is, indeed, to the household of the faith, but
your mission extends to every soul called to partake of the
merits of the Redeemer: "Et alias oves habeo, quae nou sunt
ex hoc ovili ; et illas oportet me adducere, et vocem meam
audient, et fiet unum ovile, et unus pastor."*

For all men you must unceasingly labor and pray, mind-
ful of the words of the Saviour: ''Pater sancte, serva eos in
nomine tuo, quos dedisti mihi. l^on pro eis autem rogo
tantum, sed et pro eis qui crcdituri sunt per verbum eorum
in me."f The state of religious thought in our day renders
this obligation im])erative. The laxity of opinion which
exists among those with whom Catholics are obliged daily to
associate is full of danger, while, on the other hand, many
souls outside the Church have been attracted by her light.
To both must the bread of life be broken, that the former

*Jobn X., 16.
tJohn XVII.. 11, 20.

Circular Letter. 115

may be strengthened in the faith, the latter brought kindly
but surely to the knowledge of the truth.

Within the last three centuries there has been a great
revolution in religious thought. In this country a wonder-
ful change has taken place during the last fifty years. The
so-called Reformers substituted for the authority of the
Church the authority of the Bible ; their children, more
logical than their fathers, set aside the Scriptures, and ap-
peal to reason alone — a sure enough guide within its own
domain, but as impotent to lead us to the presence of the
eternal Father, and infinite happiness, as the telescope is to
place us in one of those glittering orbs, a glimpse of whose