James B. (James Brown) Johnston.

The place-names of England and Wales online

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banest ' — i.e., the shortest. But perh. fr. a man Baga, as in
next.

Bainton (Driffield and Stamford). Dr. B. Dom. Bagentone.
' Town of Baga. Bacga, or Becga' gen. -an. Of. Baynhurst,
Cookham, and 1157 Pipe Lines, Baenburc.

Bakewell (Derbysh.). 924 O.E. Chron. Badecanwylla, v.r. Bade-
can wiellon; 1280 Close R. Bathekewell, 1287 i6. Bauquell, 1297
Baukwelle. ' Beadeca's well,' O.E. willa, wylla, ' a fountain, a
well.' There is one Beadeca in Onom. Birch says 949 chart.
Badecanwell is Bucloiall cum Bagnall, Staffd. Cf. Baginton,
Coventry, Dom. Badechitone.

Bala. W. hala, ' a shooting-out,' bala llyn,' ' the outlet of a lake.'

Balby (Doncaster). Dom. Ballesbi. Prob. ' village, hamlet of
Bald, Beald, or Bealda ' ; here alreadj^ seen in its more mod.
form. Ball. Cf Baldon, and Balcombe, Hay ward's Heath.

Baldersby (Thirsk) and Balderton (Newark). Dom. Baldrebi.
The original Balder was son of Odin, and hero of one of the
most beautiful myths in the Norse Edda. See -by and -ton.

Baldock (Herts), a. 1200 Baudac, -oc, 1287 Baldak, Baudak.
An amazing name, given as a fancy name by the Knights



BALDON 123 BAMBER BRIDGE

Templars, its foimders — Ital. Baldacco, the Eng. Baghdad !
Cf. Eng. baldachin, older haudekin, a fine embroidered stuff also
named fr. Baghdad.

Baldon (Oxford). 1054 chart. Bealdan hama. ' Bealda's home.'
Note the contraction, and cf. Bajlby and Beedon.

Bale (Holt, Norfolk). Not in Dom. O.E. bcel, O.N. bdl, ' a funeral
pyre, a bale-fire.' Cf. Baildon.

Balking (Uffington, Berks). 948 chart. Bedalacing; 963 ib.,
Badalacing, Bathalacing; later Bethelking. The Oiiom. has only
the names Badeca and Badela. But this seems to be a patro-
nymic, denoting the ' place of the descendants of some man
Bedalac,' or the like. See -ing.

Ballingdon (Sudbury). Not in Dom., but cf. 704-709 chart.
Balgan dun, Shottery. This last is ' hill ' or ' hill-fort of Balga.'
But the name as it stands means ' hill of the sons of Ball,^ a
known Eng. name; in O.E. Beald or Bealda, the ' bold,' not
* bald,' man. Cf. Balby and Ball's Cross, Petworth. See -don.

Balmer (Sussex). Dom. Burgemere; later, Bormer. A curious
example of the easy interchange of liquids, and the result of
' Cockney ' i^ronunciations. The orig. name would mean ' mere
or lake beside the burgh,' or fortified place.

Balne (Doncaster). Not in Dom. Possibly a loc. of O.E. bceL or
O.N. bdl. ' at the funeral pjrres or bale fires.' Cf. Hoxne,
formerly Hoxon, and Baildon.

Balsall Heath (Birmingham) and Balscott (Banbury). 1226
Belessale, 1327 Balesale, Dugdale Balshall ; prob. ' Ball's nook '
and ' cottage.' Cf. Bram(h)all, Cheshire, Dom. Bramale, and
Balby, and see -hall.

Balsham (Cambridge). 974 chart. Bellesham, Dom. Belesham,
c. 1120 Hen. Hunt. Balesham. ' Home of (prob.) Ball.'' See
Ballingdon, and -ham.

Balterley (Newcastle, Stafts). 1004 Balterytheleage, Dom.
Baltredelege, a. 1300 Balterdeleye, Baldridele, -trydelegh.
' Meadow of Bealdthryth ' ; she of this lea is the only one in
Onom.

Baltonsborough (Glastonburj^). 744 chart. Baltersberghc, Dom.
Baltunesberge. 1610 Balsboro'. Another case of the inter-
changeableness of the liquids r and n. The orig. name was
' burgh, fortified place of Baiter,' a name found m Onom. as
Baltherus or Baldred or Baldhere. They are all the same name.
See -borough.

Bamber Bridge (Preston). Omitted by Wyld and Hirst. Old
formal needed. Cf. Baumbcr, Horncastle, not in Dom., and
next. Bamber is also found as a surname. The -bcr may be for



BAMBOEOUGH 124 BANKYFELIN

-burgh or -bury q.v., O.E. hurg, hurh, and berig, dat. berie, ' a
fort, castle, or fortified town ' ; as it is in Dom. Caldeber. now
Caldbergh, N. Yorks.

Bamborough (Belford). Founded O.E. Chron. ann. 547; 709 Eddi
Bebbanburg; 1119 Bawmburgh. a. 1130 Sim. Dur. Babban-
burch; c. 1175 Fantosme Banesburc; 1197 Banburc; 1213 Baen-
burc; 1221 Bamburg; 1281 Baumburgh. Bede, iii. 16, says the
place was called ' ex Bebbae quondam reginae vocabulo.'
Bebbanburh is O.E. for ' Bebba's burgh or castle '; and Bebha
was perh. wife of K. Ida, its founder.

Bamford (Rochdale and Sheffield). Roch. B. sic 1228, 1282
Baumford. Bam- will either be O.E. bean, ' bean,' or beam, ' a
tree.' Cf. Bampton, and next. The Shefl. B. is not in Dom.

Bajvifurlong (Wigan). 1205-23 Bonghefurlong, Bonke-, Banc-
furlong, 1200-20 Benfurlong, 1200-68 Benefurlong. The latter
forms are ' bean-furlong,' lit. furroiv-long, properly the name of
an unenclosed field of indefinite size. But the earlier forms
seem to be fr. bank. M.E. banke, Icel. bakki, ' a ridge, eminence,
or bank of a river,' first in Eng. in Ormin, c. 1200 ; m 4 bonke, bone.
Cf. Ashfurlong, Sutton Colfield, 1242 Hasfurlong.

Bampton (Oxford, etc.). O.E. Chron.. ann. 614, Beandun; 1155
Pi'pe Bentune; 1298 Bamptone. Bean-dun is O.E. for ' bean
hill.' For change of n to mp, cf. Sampton, 833 ' Sandtun.'
See -don and -ton.

Banbury. Dom. Banesberie; 1155-62 chart. Bannebiria; 1298
Bamiebury. ' Burgh, fortified town of Bana.' Cf. B.C.S. 1219
Banan wyl. See -bury.

Bandon (Croydon). Not in Dom. Prob., like Bampton, O.E.
bean-dun, ' bean hill.' Cf. Banstead and Banham, Attle-
borough.

Bangor. Sic 1250 Layam., but c. 1120 Hen. Hunt. Banchor, Sim.
Dur., ami. 1102, Bancorensis, a. 1196 Gir. Camb. Bangorensis
ecclesia; also see next. There are several in Wales, two in
Brittany, and more than one m Ireland. Ir. benn-chor, ' a row
of points or peaks,' either a chclet of rocks or a row of hills, as
Joyce has shown. W. bangor now means ' an upper row of
rods,' then ' a coping, a battlement ' ; W. bann, ' high ' ; Bret.
ban, ' an eminence.' It so happens that several Bangors are
lofty sites of churches or monasteries, but this is accidental ; and
the common derivation, ' high choir,' is now abandoned. Cf.
Banchory (Sc), the same name.

Bangor Isycoed (Wrexham). Bede Bancomburg. See above.
W. iscoed means ' under the wood.'

Bankyfelin (Caermarthen). Might be W. banc y Ffelin, 'table of
Felin or Velyn.' Cf. Stirling (Sc), orig. Ystrevelyn, and Hel-



BANNINGHAM 126 BARBY

VELLYN. But simpler is the derivation ' bank, slope of the mill,'
melin. aspirated felin.

BanndsGHAjvi (Aylsham). ' Home of the Baimings.' ' Banningas
nomen populi,' in Onom. See -ing.

Banstead (Epsom). 727 chart. Benstede; Doyn. Benestede; 1280
Banstede. O.E. bean-stede, ' bean place or store.' ' Bean ' is
O.E. bean, 3-6 ben, 4-6 bene. Cf. Bampton and Bandon.

Banwell (Somerset). Chart. Banawell. Banuwille, Dom. Ban-
welle. Prob. O.E. bdna-ivcel. ' pool of the bones.' M'Clure
thinks bena-wille, ' prayer- well.'

Banwen (three in Glamorgan). J. B. Bury thinks one of these
represents Bannauenta or Vicus Barmavem, the home of St.
Patrick. See his Confessions, c. 450 a.d. This is very doubtful.
W. ban given is ' fair, clear hill.'

Bapchild (Sittingbourne). Not in Dom. Said to be a. 716 chart.
K. PFiA



Online LibraryJames B. (James Brown) JohnstonThe place-names of England and Wales → online text (page 12 of 54)