James B. (James Brown) Johnston.

The place-names of England and Wales online

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' Village of the bishop ' of Lichfield or Llandaff, O.E. biscop,
though possibly fr. a man Bisj), found a. 1200. Cf. Bishport
and BiSPHAM.

Bisley (Stroud, Coventry, Woking). St. B. 896 chart, (late MS.)
Bislege, Dom. Biselege, 1156 Bisselega. Co. B. a. 1200 Bisselei.
Skeat thought there must have been an O.E. bisse, 'a bush';
cf. Bushwood (Stratford, Wwk.), a. 1300 Byssewode, 1404 Bis-
wode. But this is prob. ' mead of Bisi ' or ' Biso,' both in
Onom. Cf. Dom. Wore, Biselege, and Bisham. See -ley.

BisPHAM (Preston). Dom. and c. 1141 Biscopham — i.e., 'bishop's
home.' Cf. Bishport.

BissoE (Perranwell, Cornwall). Doubtful. Dom. has a ' Beveshoe,'
which may be this, and may stand for ' how, hollow of Beffa,*
2 in Onom. It may be fr. a man Bissa. Cf. Biscovey and

BiTTERNE (Southampton). Perh. c. 380 A7iton. Itin. Clausentum.
' Bitta's or Bitto's house,' O.E. erne, ' a house.' Cf. next, and
Whithorn (Sc).

BiTTESWELL (Lutterworth) . ? Dom. Betmeswelle. [Cf. c. 1200
Gervase ' Bittesdene,' Northants.] ? ' Bitta's well.' Cf. above.

BiTTON (Kingswood, Glos.). Dom. Betone, 1158-59 Pipe Bettune.
Prob. ' town, village of Beta,' 2 in Onom., or ' of Betti,' also
2 in Onom. Cf. Betley.

Bix (Henley). Dom. Bixa, 1216-1307 Bixe, -a, 1300 Buxe Jelwyni
(fr. the Gelwyn family). Doubtful. Alexander compares Box,
Herts, not an exact parallel, and derives fr. O.E. bixen, byxen,
' (place) of the box-tree'; this is far from certain. The form
bixen is very rare, and for the sb. there seems only box. Nor
does there seem any good analogy. Bexley (Kent) is also Bix
in Dom., and seems to mean ' Beca's ' or ' Bica's lea.' As likely
as not Bix is bi Ex, ' by the river.' Cf. Beeford, Beal, etc.,
and Exe.

Blaby (Leicester). Sic 1298. O.N. bld-r bi, ' blue, blae-looking
hamlet.' Cf. Bladon, and see -by.


Black AWTON (Dartmouth). {Dom. has Blache-berie, -grave, -pole,
etc.). Old forms needed. Perh. ' Blaca's Haughton ■" or
' village on the haugh or river-meadow.'

Blackboys (Uckfield). Not in Dom. Old forms needed. One
may conjecture ' Blaca's boss ' or ' knoll.' Boss is found in
Eng. a. 1300 meaning ' a hump,' and in 1598 meaning ' a hump-
like hill '; whilst it is spelt in 5-6 boys{s). But all this is quite
doubtful. Cf. Blachestela, Dom. Surrey.

Blackbuen. Dom. Blacheburne; also chart. Blagborn. 'Black
brook,' O.E. blaec, blac, c. 1190 blache ; and see -bom-ne. Cf.
833 chart. ' Blakeburnham,' Kent.

Blacker (Barnsley). Old forms needed. Not in Dom. As a
rule -er is contracted fr. -over, ' bank.' Cf. Ashover, Hasler,
WooLER, etc. ; so this is prob. ' black, dark bank.'

Blackheath (London, etc.). Lond. B. c. 1420 Lydgate, Blakeheth.
Cf. Blachefelde, Dom. Surrey.

Blackpill (Swansea). Pill here is corrup. of Eng. pool, W. pwl.
In S. Pembrokesh. pill is quite common for ' a little bay, a
creek.' Cf. next.

Blackpool. Modern. Cf. B.C. 8. 834 Bleeccanpol — i.e., ' Blacca's

Blackrod (Chorley). 1199 Blackeroade, 1292 Blakerode. Either
' Blaca's road,' or ' dark, black road,' O.E. rod, North. Eng. and
Sc. rodd. Cf. Blackburn.

Blackwall (London). 1377 Blakewale, 1480 'the wall called
Black Wall,' along the bank of the Thames.

Bladney (Somerset). 'Notu\Do7n. Prob. c. 712 c/iarf. Bledenithe.
' Bleda's ' or ' Blcedda's Hythe.' A hithe is ' a landing-rise.'

Bladon (Woodstock, both river and village). O.E. chart Blaedene,
Bladaen, Dom. Blade, 1216-1307 Bladen(e), 1272 Bladone.
Cannot be ' blae hill,' because blae or blue-looking is O.N. bid.
But it may be contr. for ' Blcedda's hill.' Cf. K.C.D. 721 Bla^d-
dan hlaew. See -don. Baddeley thinks that this, as a river
name, must be pre-English.

Blaenau Festiniog. W.= ' highlands of Festiniog.' C/. next.

Blaenavon (Monmouth). W. blaen afon, 'source, hill source of
the river ' — i.e., the R. Avon, Glamorgan.

Blaengarw (Glamorgan). W.= ' rough fore-part/ blaen means
both ' source ' and ' fore-part,' whilst its plur. blaenau means
' highlands.' W. garw or geirw, ' rough,' is the same as G.
garbh, so common in Sc. names; whilst in Sc. we also have

Blaenllecha (Pontypridd). W.^ ' projecting rocks or stones.'
Cf. Blaengarw.



Blaen-y-ffos (Pembroke). W. =-' source of the ditch' or 'little
brook/ W.ffos, h. fossa.

Blagdon (Bristol and Taunton). Dom. Blachedone. O.E. blac
dun, 'dark hill'; cf. Blagborn, old form of Blackburn.
Blaisdon, Glostr., is 1200 Blecheclun, prob. ' hill of Blcecca/
which may be the origin of Blagdon too.

Blaina (Monmouth). W. blaenau, 'highlands.' Cf. Blaengarw.

Blakedown (Kidderminster and Kenilworth) . 'Black down' or
'hill'; O.E. blcec, blec, blac. Duignan has no authority for
saying that black here means ' uncultivated, running wild.'

Blakenall (Walsall) and Blakenhall (A^antwich, Wolvermptn.).
Nan, B. Dom. Blechenhale, Wo. B. c. 1300 Blakenhale,
' Blecca's or Blaca's nook.' Cf. next and Bletckley, and see

Blakeney (Newnham, Glos., and Norfolk). Not in Dom. Ne. B.
c. 1280 Blacheneia, ' Blceca's ' or ' Blaca's isle.' Blceca is the
mod. surname Blake, which may either be fr. O.E. blcec, blac,
' black, dark man,' or fr. O.N. bleik-r, in Eng. c. 1205 blake,
' pale, wan.'

Blakenham, Great (Ipswich). Sic 1298, but Dom. Blacheha.
' Blaca's or Blceca's home,' Cf. Dom. ISurrey, Blachingelei, a
patronymic, and Blakesley, Towcester.

Blanchland (Corbridge). Land paid for in 'white' or silver
money, Fr. blanc, blanche, ' white.' ' Blanch farm ' or ' blench
ferme ' is a common legal term.

Blandford. Dom. Blane-, Bleneford. Difficult to say what the
Dom. forms stand for; whilst O.E. bland is ' a mixture, a blend,'
and our adj. bland is quite mod. Blandsby (Pickering), Dom.
Blandebi, must be ' dwelling of a man Bland ' ; Onom. has only.
Blandmund and Blandwinus. More light needed for Blandford.
See -by.

Blankney (Lincoln). Dom. Blachene. 'Isle of Blaca,' here
nasahzed Blanca, gen. -can. See -ey.

Blatghington (Brighton). Prob. Dom. Bechingetone (Z omitted
in error). The present name represents an O.E. Blceccan tun,
' Blaecca's town.' Cf. Bletchingley.

Blatherwyck (Kingscliffe) . 1166-7 Pipe Blarewic, c. 1350 chart.
Blatherwyk. ' Dwelling of Blitligcer, Blithhere, or Blithmcer.'
All these names are in Onom. For omission of th in 1166-7 cf.
' Brer Babbit ' for ' Brother R.' See -wick.

Blawith (Ulverston). O.N. bid vith-r, 'dark blue, blae-looking

wood.' Cf. ASKWITH,

Blaxhall (Tunstall). ' Blcecca' s nook ' or ' hall.' Cf. Blatchlng-
TON ; and see -hall.


Blaydon-on-Tyne. Prob. ' dark blue, blae-looking dune or hill/
O.N. bid, North. Eng. and Sc. blae. Cf. next.

Bleadon (Weston-s.-m.). ? 975 chart. Bledone and a. 1100 Winchr.
Ann. Bleodona. Prob. ' coloured hill/ O.E. Bleo dun, fr. bleoh,
' hue, colour.' Cf. Blewbury, Blofield, and Dom. Bucks,

Blean or Blee (Canterbury) . Dom. Blehem, c. 1386 Chaucer Ble(e).
Prob. ' Blih's home/ one Blih in Onom. For the contraction
cf. Beal; but it is rare to find the unstressed final syll.falhng
quite away. See -ham.

Bleasdale (Garstang). 1228 Blesedale, 1540 Blesedale. Possibly
fr. a man, but seemingly ' dale, valley of the blaze or beacon-
fire,' O.E. blase, blcese, 3-6 North, blese.

Blea TAE.N (Westmld.). 1256 Assize B. Blaterne. 'Blae, bluish
mountain lake,' O.N. bld-r; and see Tarn.

Bleddfa (Radnor). Perh. W. blaiddfau, ' wolf's cave.' But the old
form is Bleddfach; where the ending is doubtful. Bledd is 'a
plain,' and the latter part may be jfag, ' what unites or meets in
a point.'

Bledington (Chipping Norton). Dom. Bladintone, 1221 Bladyn-
tone, ' Town on K. Bladon.' See -ing, as river-ending.

Bledlow (Bucks). K.C.D. 721 Blseddan lilsew; Dom. Bledelai,
? 1297 Scot. Chancery Roll ' Johannes de Bledelawe.' ' Blcedda's '
or ' Bleddas hill.' Bledisloe, Awre, Dom. Bliteslau, is prob.
fr. a man Blith. See -low.

Blencow (Penrith). ? W. blaen cu, ' dear source or promontory ';
cf. Blaengarw and Glasgow (Sc), also 1210 Blenecarn,
Cumbld., ' headland with the cairn.'

Blennerhassett (Aspatria). 1189 Pipe Blendherseta, 1354 Carlisle
will Alan de Blenerhayset, 1473 Paston Lett. Blaundrehasset
and Blenerhasset (as a personal name). This seems to be
' seat, dwelling of Blandhere ' or ' Blender,' an unknown man.
Cf. Dorset, etc. But this leaves the -hass ill-accounted for.

Bletchingley (Red Hill), Bletchington (Oxford). Dom. Bleces-,
Blicestone, 1139 Bleche-, Blachedon, 1216-1307 Blecchesdon
(see -don) ; and Bletchley. ' Meadow ' and ' village of Blecca,'
or his descendants. Cf. Blatchington ; and see -ing and -ley.

Bletsoe (Bedford). Dom. Bleches-, Blachesou, a. 1199 Blacheho.
' Blecca's mound.' Cf. Thingoe; and see -how.

Blewbury (Didcot) and Blewbury Down. 944 chart. Bleobyrig.
Dom. Bhtberie, a. 1450 Bleobery. One would expect this to
be fr. some man; but there is no name in Bleo- in Onom. So
the first part may be as in Bleadon, ' bright borough,' lit., as
Skeat puts it, ' show-borough.' Cf. Fairfield, etc.


Blickling (Norfolk), Dom. BiikeJinga, 1450 Blyclyng. A patro-
nymic ; but it is not easy to give the root. Onom. gives no help.

Blidworth (Mansfield). Dom. Blideworde, -vorde. ' Blcedda's
farm.' Cf. Bledington; and see -worth.

Blindley Heath (Red Hill). Old forms needed. Not in Dom.
? ' blind lea •" or ' meadow ' ; blind being here used in its meaning
of ' obscure, dark, concealed.' A place ' Blindsyke ' is found
in a Dumbartonsh. charter as early as c. 1350.

Blisland (Bodmin) and Blisworth (Northants). Dom. Blides-
worde, 1158-9 Pipe Blieswurda. ' Land ' and ' farm of Blida '
(or Blih'). See -worth. Pike o' BUsco, Westmld., will be
' peak of Blida's or BUh's wood ' ; -sco or -scough for Shaw, cf.


Blockley (Moreton-Henmarsh) . 855 chart. Bloccanleah, Dom.
Blockelei. ' Blocca's lea.' Cf. Bloxham .

Blofield (Norwich). Dom. Blafelda, 1157 Blafeld, 1452 Blofield.
'Leaden-coloured, bluish field.' M.E. c. 1250 bio, O.N. bid,
' hvid,' cognate with blue and blue. Cf. Bleadon and Blowick.

Bloomsbury (London and Birmingham). Lo. B. c. 1537 Lomes-,
Lomsbury. The history of this name is very obscure, and more
evidence is needed. Possibly the Lome- represents Leofman,
a fairly common O.E. name. See -bury.

Blore Heath (Staffs). Dom. and later Blora. Blore is an ono-
matopoeic word meaning ' a violent gust or blast ' ; not found in
Eng. a. 1440.

Blow Gill (Helmsley). 1200 Blawathgile. O.N. bid wath, ' leaden-
coloured, bluish ford,' in the ravine. See -gill. Cf. Lang-

Blowick (Southport). 'Leaden-coloured, bluish dwelling.' See
Blofield and -wick, which must be Eng. here and not N., as
Blowick is inland and can have no ' bay.'

Bloxham (Banbmy). Dom. Warwk., Lochesham (error), 1155
Pipe Blochesham, 1231 Blokesham. ' Home of Blocca.' Cf.

Bloxwich (Walsall) and Bloxworth (Bere Regis). Dom,. Bloches-
wic, a. 1300 Blockeswich, Blokeswyke. ' Blocca'^ dwelling '
and ' farm.' See -wich and -worth.

Blundell Sands (Liverpool). Perh. fr. Randulph de Blundevill,
Earl of Chester in 1180. Blundell has been a common Lanca-
shire name from at least the 17th cny. Cf. next and -hall,
which the -ell may represent.

Blundeston (Lowestoft). Not in Dom. ' Blu7ida's town or
village.' The name is now Blunt, Fr. blond. Nor. Fr. blund,
' fair, flaxen.' Cf. next, and Dom. Essex, Blundeshala.


Bluntisham (Hunts). Dom. Bluntesham. 'Home of Blunti' or
' Blunt,' which last is still a common surname. Cf. Dom. Wilts,
Blontesdone, K.C.D. 666 Bluntesige, and Bluntington, Wore.
Blunham, Sandy, prob. represents the same name.

Blyborough (Kirton Lindsay). Dom. Bhburg. Prob., as in
Bltsworth, ' burgh, fort of Blida,' but it may be ' of Blih.'
Cf. 1157 Pipe Norfk. Bheburc. See -borough.

Blymhill (Shifnal). Dojn. Brumhelle (r for I, one liquid confused
in sound with the other), a. 1200 and later Blumonhull. Prob.
' hill of the blooms,' or molten masses of metal, O.E. hloma,
-an, then, curiously, not found till 1600 bloom; but 1584-5
blomary, or bloomer y, a forge for making blooms. One must
have stood on this hill, which is in an iron-producing district.

Blyth(e) (Northumbld., Warwk., Notts, and Rotherham), Blythe
Bridge (Stoke-on-T.). Roth B. c. 1097 Flor. W. Blida; Notts,
B. Dom. Blide, 1146 Blida, c. 1180 Blya, 1298 Blythe. The Eng.
blithe never refers to places; so this 7nay be connected with
W. bhjthair, ' a belching,' blythach, ' a bloated person,' and
blwth, ' a puff, a blast.' There are two rivers in Northbld., and
one each in Staffs, Notts, and Suffk., all called Blyth(e), and
nearly all Eng. rivers are Kelt, in origin; though what that
was is now lost. On the Staff. Blythe are Blithbury, a. 1200
Blith(e)burie, and Blithfield, Dom. Blidevelt. In Northbld we
find 1208 Snoc de Bhemus — i.e., 'snout, projecting headland
of Blythmouth ' — 1423 Blythe-snuke, a. 1800 Blyth-snook,
fr. O.N. snok-r, ' a mark stretched out,' hnuk-r, ' a little moun-
tain, a rock'; cf. 'The Snewke or Conny- warren ' in Blaeu's
map of Lindisfarne.

Bo ARSTALL (Bucks). Popular etymology. See Borstal.

Bobber's Mill (Nottingham). Bobber in mid. dial, means 'a

BoBBiNGTOTsr (Stourbridge). Dom. Bubintone, a. 1200 Bobintune;
cf. 798 chart. ' Bobing-sseta,' Kent. ' Town, village of Bobba '
(or his descendants), mentioned in a Worcester chart, of 759.

BocKHAMPTON" (Lambourn and Dorchester). Both a. 1300 Boc-
hamton. 'Beech-built Hampton,' or 'home-farm'; O.E. boc,
O.N. bok, 'a beech.' Cf. Buckland and Great Bookham;
also Dom. Norfk., Bocthorp.

Booking (Braintree). Dom. Bochinges. Patronymic, 'place of
the sons of Bocca ' ; cf. 806 Bokenhale, ? near Croyland. Onom.
gives only Bacca and Bacco. See -ing.

BocKLETON (Tenbury and Salop). Te. B. Dom. Boclintun, 1275
Boclinton, a. 1400 Bocklington, Bokelinton. Sa. B. 1321
Bochtone (an error), 1534 Bucculton. ' Town of Boccel.' Onom.
gives only one Beoccel.


BoDEDERN (Anglesea). W. bod edyrn, 'residence of sovereignty,'
or ' royal house ' ; but T. Morgan says, ' abode of Edern/ son of
Nudd, warrior and poet.

BoDELWYDDAN (Flintsh.). W. bod-el-gwyddan, 'residence of the
wood-spirit ' or ' satyr/

BoDENHAM (Leominster and Sahsbury). Sic 1202. ' Boda's
home.' O.E. boda, 2 bode, is ' a herald, a messenger,' one who
' bodes ' or forebodes. Dom. Wilts, has Bodeberie, and Dom.
Nfk., Bodenham. Cf. Boddington on Chelt, Dom. Botintone.

BoDFARi (Denbigh). Perh. c. 380 Ant. Itin. Varis. But now W.
bod Fari, ' house of Mary,' the m being aspirated.

BoDFFORD (Anglesea). W. bod ffordd, 'dwelling by the road or

BODHAM (Holt, Nfk.). Dom. has both Bodha and Bodenham.
' Home of Boda ' or ' Boddus.' See -ham.

BODICOTT (Banbury). Dom. Bodicote, 1216-1307 Bodicot. ' Boda's
cottage.' Cf. above.

BoDMm. Dom. Bodmini, Exon. Dom. Bodmine; c. 1180 Ben;
Peterb. Bothmenia; c. 1200 Gervase Bomine; 1216 Bodminium.
1294 Bodmin. Corn, bod or 6o is ' a house,' the second half is
more uncertain; it may be ' house of stones,' Com. min, myin
{cf. next), or ' on the edge,' min, or ' on the hill,' mene.

BoDVEAN (Pwllheli). W. bod faen, 'house of stone.' Cf. cist faen,
' a stone coffin.' As houses in Wales and Cornwall usually are
of stone, the reference will prob. be to some ' Druidical ' erection.

BoGNOR. Not in Dom., but 680 chart. Bucgan ora — i.e., ' Bucga's
edge ' or ' brink ' or ' shore ' ; three Bucgas in Onom. In 1166-7
Pipe it is Begenoura. See -or.

BoLDON (Jarrow). 1183 Boldona. Prob. O.E. botl-dun, ' hill,
dune with the dwelling on it.' Cf. Bolton and Bole.

Bole (Gainsborough). Sic 1316, but Dom. Bolun. {Dom. Lines has
Bolebi, ' dwelling of Bola.') This may be O.N. bdl, ' house, dwell-
ing ' (with -un an old loc.), if not bol-r, ' bole, trunk of a tree.' Cf.
BoLFORD, Kendal, Dom. Bodelforde, 'ford at the house '; see
Bolton. Also cf. next, and Dom. Salop and 1 157 Pipe, Northbld. ,
Bolebec. 1160-1 Pipe, Sussex, Bulebech, may not be the same.

Bole Hill (Wirksworth) . Oxf. Diet, bole sb*, ' a place where miners
smelted their lead.' Not found a. 1670, and origin unknown.

BOLINGEY (Truro). Prob. ' isle of the Bolings,' or ' descendants of
Bola,' a name in Onom. We have ' Bullingbrooke ' already in
the time of Wm. the Conqueror, 1166-7 Pipe, Billingeburc and
Bull-, 1233 Bulingbroc, Lines, hence the name Bolingbroke.

BoLLiNGTON (Macclesfield and Altrincham). ' Town, village on the
p.. Bollin,' which may be connected with same root as W. bol,
boly, ' the belly,' and so ' swollen river/ See -ing as river-ending.


BoLNEY (Hayward's Heath) and Bolnhurst (St. Neot's). Not in
Dom. ' Isle ' and ' wood of Bola,' -an. Of. Dom. Bucks,
Bolebech (= bach, ' brook '), Devon, Bolewis, Yorks, Bolesford;
also Bollesdon (Newent), old Bolesdone, Bullesdone, whilst
Dom. Yorks, Bolebi is now Boulby. See -ey and -hurst.

BoLsovER (Chesterfield). Dom. Belesovre, 1166-67 Pi-pe Bolle-
shoura, 1173-74 ib. Castella de Pech et de Bolesoura, c. 1180
Bened. Peterb. Boleshoveres. ' Bola's bank or brink'; O.E.
ofer, obr ; M.E. overe, ' border, bank of a river.' Cf. Ashover,
and see Bolney, etc.

BoLSTERSTONE (Sheffield). Not in Dom. Not likely to be fr. Eng.
and O.E. bolster, but prob. a tautology, fr. O.N. bol-sta^r,
' dwelling-place ' or ' farm '; so common in Sc. names as -bister,
-buster, and -bster; Scrabster, Ulbster, etc. Bolster will have
been taken for a proper name, and -ton added ; for the final e
cf. Johnston and Johnstone, both meaning ' John's town.'

BoLTBY (Thirsk). Dom. Boltebi, 1209 Bolteby. 'Dwelling of
Bolt,' a name not in Onom. Hardly fr. bolt sb^ ; but perh. a
tautology, fr. O.E. bold, 'house, dwelling,' and -by.

Bolton (nine in P.G.). Dom. Boletone, 1208 Bollton (on Swale),
Other B's in Dom. Yorks and Lanes are Bodeltone. We get
an interesting set of forms for the Sc. Bolton (Haddingtonsh.),
c. 1200 Botheltune, Boteltune, Boweltun, 1250 Boulton, 1297
Boltone. O.E. botl-tun, ' dwelling-enclosure, collection of houses,
village'; influenced by O.N. bol, 'a house, a dwelling-place.'
It is according to its rule for Dom. to spell Both- or Bot- as Bod-.


Bomer(e) Heath (Shrewsbury). Earlier Bolemere. 'Mere or
lake,' O.E. mere, ' ol the bull,' not in O.E., but O.N. bole, boli ;
in Eng. c. 1200 bule, 3-5 bole. Cf. Dom. (Yorks) Bolemere,
1166-67 Pi'pe Bulema, now Bulmer; also The Bolmers, Castle
Bromwich, and the Bullmoors (Shenstone), and Boll Bridge
(Tamworth), 1313 Bollebrigge.

BoNBY (Hull) . Either a man ' Bonda or Bondo's dwelling,' or ' dwell-
ing of the peasant ' ; O.E. bonda ; O.N. bonde; d readily disappears.
But Dom. (Yorks) Bonnebi (twice) is now Gunby. See -by.

BoNCATH (Pembroke). W. boncath means 'a buzzard'; but bon
cath is ' tree stump of the cat.'

BoNCHTJRCH (Ventnor). Dom. Bonecerce. Bone- must be O.N.
bon, ' a praj^er, a boon ' ; in Eng. 2-7 bone, 3-4 bon. Cf. Bunwell.
There is no man named Bona or Bonna. in Onom. The O.E. for
a prayer is ben, so that, curiously, this must be a Norse name,
the indication of a forgotten early N. settlement here. This is
confirmed by Dom.'s ending -cerce, the hard c's having quite
a N. look. Dom. nearly always has -cherche, chirche, ' Alvieve-
cherche,' ' Bascherche,' etc. Dow. 's form is also our earliest
Eng. example of boon ; the earliest in Oxf. Diet, is c. 1175 bone.


BoNiNGTON (Notts and Kent). Sic 1297-98, but Dotn. Bonintone
(Kent), Bonnitone (Notts), 1296 Bonigtone (? where). Doubtful.
It should mean ' Bona's town," but there is no such name in
Onom. Cf. BONNINGTON (Sc).

BoNSALL (Derby). Perh. Dom. Bunteshale. Prob. 'nook, corner
of Bunda or Bonda,' both in Onom. But cf. Dom. (Bucks)
Bonestov, ? ' place of Bone,' still a surname. Cf. Bunny, and
see -hall.

BoNTDDU (Dolgelly). W. 'pont du, ' black bridge.'

BoNTNEWYDD (Caernarvon). W. 'new bridge '; W. pont.

BoNVLLSTON (Cardiff). Bonville, Fr. for 'good town,' as well as
Melville, ' bad town,' occurs as a surname in Britain. In W. it
is Tresimwn, ' house of Simon Bonville,' chief steward of the
Norm. Sir Robt. Fitzhamon. There is a Hutton Bonville
(Yorks). We find -ville common in the Channel Isles.

BoosBECK (Yorks). Not in Dom. Prob. ' brook with the cow-stall
beside it '; O.N. bass ; M.E. boose, ' a cow-stall.' See -beck.

Boot (Ravenglass) . O.N. 6^6 ; Dan. and Sw. bod, ' a hut, a dwel-
ling.' Cf. G. both or bot, ' a house.'

Boothby (Grantham). 1298 Bothebi. Prob. 'dwelling of Botha
or Bota.' Booth is still a common surname. Cf. Bootham
(York). See -by.

BooTHROYD Lane (Dewsbury). Called after a man Boothroyd,
where -royd is prob. fr. rod sb,^ 6 roid, ' a path, a way.'

BooTLE (Liverpool, Cumbld.). Li. B. a. 1540 Bothul. Dom. for
N. Lanes, has Bodele and Fordbodele (now washed away).
O.E. botl, ' a dwelling, a house.' Cf. Bolton andNEWBATTLE (Sc).

BOBDEN (Sittingbourne), Not in Dom. 'Boar's den'; O.E. bar,
3-7 bor. The wild boar was not extinct in England till at least
the 17th century.

BORDESLEY (Birmingham). 1156 Bordeslega, 1158 -lea, in 1275
also Bordeshale. ' Borda's lea ' or ' meadow.' Cf., too, B.C.S.
739 Bordeles tun. See -ley.

BoREHAM (four in P.O.). Dom. (Surrey) Borham. 'Boar's
home.' See Borden. Boar may here be a proper name. Cf.
Borley Green (Sudbury). But Borley House (Upton-on-
Severn) is Dom. Burgeleye, or ' fortified place in the meadow.'
See next, and Burley. Borefleet is the old name of Bright-
lingsea Creek, earlier found as Bordfliet, Berfliet, and Balfieet;
prob. Fleet or 'river of the boar'; O.E. bar, 3 ber, 4-7 bore.
Dr. Diekin postulates an O.E. bord, ' border,' which does not
exist; and bore, ' tidal wave,' is not found till 1601.

BoROUGHBRiDGE (York). 1380 Ponteburg. 'Fort-bridge' or
' fortified bridge,' fr. O.E. hurh, ' a fort, castle, or bvirgh.' Cf.
Pontefract, 'or broken bridge,' and Borough Green (Cambs).


BoRRODAiL (Cumberland). N. borg-dal-r, ' dale, valley with a fort
in it.' Cf. next and Borrowstonness or Bo'ness (Sc).

BoRROWASH (Derby). Not in Dom. ' Burgh ash-tree/ Cf. above
and next.

BoRROWBY (several in Yorks). All in Dom. Berg(h)ebi. ' Fortified
dwelling-place/ fr. O.N. horg or O.E. borh, borg, burh, ' fort,
burgh.' Cf. Barrowby, Borwick, and Borrodail ; and see -by.

Borstal or Bostal (Rochester). Dom. Borcstele, Borchetelle;
a. 1200 Text. Roff. Borestella, Borgestealla. O.E. beorh-steall,
' seat, place, stall on the hillside.' Or Bor- may be O.E. borh,
borg, burh, 'fort, burgh.' Cf. Pipe 1157 Burchestala, prob. in Beds.

BoRTH (Cardigan). W. bordd, burdd, ' a board or table.'

Borwick (Carnforth) . Dom. Borch and Bereuuic (second e an error) .
O.E. borh-wic, 'fort-dwelling, fortified house.' Cf. Borrowby.

BosAHAN (Falmouth) . Pron. Bow-sane. Corn. 6o(Z, 60s, 6o, ' house,
dwelling,' G. 60^/1, common in Corn, names, as in Boscawen,
' house beside the elder-tree,' scaiven, Boslowick, Bosistow, etc.
The latter half is often now uncertain, but Bosahan may be fr,
sawan, ' a hole in a cliff beside the sea.' None of these in Dom.

BoSBURY (Ledbury). Flor. Wore, and Sim. Dur. re ann. 1056.
Bosanbyrig, ' Burgh, castle of Bosa.'

BoscASTLE (Cornwall). Prob. ' Bosa's or Boso's castle'; names in
Onom. But Corn. 605 also means ' moor.' Cf. Bosahan.

BoscoMBE (Bournemouth and Salisbury). Sal. B. Dom. Boscumbe.
' Bosa's valley.' See above and -combe.

BosHAM (Chichester). Bade Bosanham, 1048 O.E. Chron. Bosen-
ham, 1167-68 Pipe Boseham. ' Bosa's home.' Cf. Bosbuby.

BosHERSTON (Pembroke). Modern. Bosher is an English surname,
prob. fr. Fr. boucher, 'a butcher.'

BosLEY (Macclesfield). Dom. Boselega. 'Bosa's lea or meadow.'


Boston. Not in Dom. 1090 chart. Ecclesia sancti Botulphi,
a. 1200 Hoveden Sti Botulphi, c. 1250 Da^ne Siriz Botolfston in
Lincolneschire, Leland Botolphstowne, and Boston. Linking
forms seem curiously lacking. The copious Hist, of Boston,
1856, by Thompson, mentions none; but the name was St.
Botolph's in Eng. or in Latin, rather than Boston, till after
1400. We have found 'Boston' first in 1391, Earl Derby's
Exp. (Camden), 23. Of the origin there can be no doubt, as
O.E. Chron. ann. 654 says, the hermit Botwulf (L. Botulphus)
built the minster at Icanho, the earlier name of Boston. A
similar contraction is perh. seen in Bossall (Yorks), whose
church is also dedicated to St Botolph. But here Dom.'s forms
are puzzling — Boscele and Bosciale. The ending is certainly


-hall, q.v. ; but Bosc- does not suggest Botulph. The only name
near it in Onom. is one Bascic. Cf. Dom. (Hunts) Botulves-

Online LibraryJames B. (James Brown) JohnstonThe place-names of England and Wales → online text (page 15 of 54)