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stable County. They are sure to receive here all the Cape
Cod hospitality and friendly treatment they deserve, with a
great many other things thrown in.

From the bottom of my heart I say to you, that while I do
not mean in the least to detract from the honor arising from
the incumbency of high official place, nor undervalue the
designation of ex-President, the pleasure which this occasion
affords me chiefly consists in the cordiality with which you
have greeted me as your neighbor.



OF A PEkSONAL WITC RE. 549

VII.

Concerning a Renomination for President.

Lakewood, N. J., March 9, 1
The Hon. Edward S. Bragg:

My Dear Sir: Vour letter of the 5th inst. is received. I
have thought until now that I might continue silent on tin-
subject which, under the high sanction of your position as my
'•fellow-Democrat and fellow-citizen," and in your relation as
a true and trusted friend, you present to me. It, in answering
your questions, 1 might only consider my personal desires
and my individual ease and comfort, my response would be
promptly made, and without the least reservation or difficulty.

But if you are right in supposing that the subject is related
to a duty I owe to the country and to my party, a condition
exists which makes such private and personal considerations
entirely irrelevant. I cannot, however, refrain from declaring
to you that my experience in the great office of President of
the United States has so impressed me with the solemnity of
the trust, and its awful responsibilities, that I cannot bring
myself to regard a candidacy for the place as something to be
won by personal strife and active self-assertion.

I have also an idea that the Presidency is pre-eminently the
people's office, and 1 have been sincere in my constant advo-
cacy of the effective participation in political affairs on the
part of all our citizens. Consequently, I believe the people
should be heard in the choice of their party candidate-, and that
they themselves should make nominations as directly as is consis-
tent with open, fair, and full party organizations and methods.

I speak of these things solely for the purpose of advising
you that my conception of the nature of the Presidential office,
and my conviction that the voters of our party should be free
in the selection of their candidates, preclude the possibility ot
my leading and pushing a self-seeking canvass for the Presi-
dential nomination, even if 1 had a desire to be again a
candidate.



550 LETTERS AND SPEECHES.

Believing that the complete supremacy of Democratic prin-
ciples means increased national prosperity and the increased
happiness of our people, I am earnestly anxious for the success
of the party. I am confident success is still within our reach,
but I believe this is a time for Democratic thoughtfulness and
deliberation, not only as to candidates, but concerning party
action upon questions of immense interest to the patriotic and
intelligent voters of the land, who watch for an assurance of
safety as the price of their confidence and support.
Yours very truly,

Grover Cleveland.



VIII.

To James H. Bible, Chattanooga, Tenn.

Lakewood, N. J., April S, 1892.
My Dear Sir:

I desire to thank you for the report of the meeting at Chat-
tanooga, which you so kindly sent me, and for the friendly
words you spoke of me on that occasion.

I am exceedingly anxious to have our party do exactly the
right thing at the Chicago Convention, and I hope that the
delegates will be guarded by judgment and actuated by true
Democratic spirit and the single desire to succeed on principle.

I should not be frank if I did not say to you that I often
fear I do not deserve all the kind things such friends as you
say of me, and I have frequent misgivings as to the wisdom of
again putting me in nomination.

I, therefore, am anxious that sentiment and too unmeasured
personal devotion should be checked when the delegates to
the convention reach the period of deliberation. In any event
there will be no disappointment for me in the result.
Yours very truly,

Grover Cleveland.



INDEX



Academies. See Education.

Actors' Fund of America, speech be-
fore, Jan. 3, 1890, 193-197

Actors' Home, 196

Adams, John P. , letters to, Oct. 30,
1889, 290 ; Sept. 12, 1890, 480

Adirondack- Park, speech in regard to,
New York. Jan. 24, 1891, 233-237

Agricultural Department. See Bu-
reau of Agriculture.

Agricultural fairs, 134, 135. 137. 141

Agricultural implements, 81

Agriculture, census returns, 80 ; im-
portance of, 231, 513-515. Seealso
Farmers.

Agriculture, Commissioner of, distribu-
tion of seeds by, 451.

Alabama, office of District Attorney of
Southern District of, 465

Albany, N. Y., needed reforms at the
Capitol, 234, 235 ; speeches at, 6-8,
31,32, 205,206, 218-220, 298, 299

Aliens, anomalous position of certain
domiciled, 525

Allentown, Pa., veto of public-building
bill, 520

American artists, unjust discrimination
in favor of, 341, 342

" American," pride in the name, 351

American character, 223, 224, 249-
255

American chivalry, 397

American citizens, rights and protec-
tion of, 16,215-218. See also Citi-
zens.

American citizens imprisoned abroad,
address on, 215-218

American citizenship, 1 18 ; true, 228,
35°. 351 ; Washington's share in the
creation of, 351. See also Citizen-
ship.



American commerce, means of res-
toration of, 94

American Copyright League, letter to,
Dec. 6, 1889, 342. 343

American eagle, climatic conditions
for, 166

American energy and enterprise, 79

American families, the piano and or-
gan in, 161, 162

American Fishery Union, letter to,
April 7, 1887,498-500

American freedom, price of, 349

American homes, 251, 253, 269

American industries, speech on, 158—
162

American ingenuity, 79, 159

American institutions, 16, 161, 169,
208, 209, 239, 240, 263, 278, 337,
352,356,358, 482,484

Americanism, 239-241, 247, 251, 252,
254, 255, 262, 269, 304, 320, 482,
544

American life, important factors in, 251

American manufacturers, unjust bene-
fits of protection to, 78

American patriotism. See Patriotism.

American people, slowness to inves-
tigate public questions, 101

American pianoforte, history of
the, 160, 161

American sentiment, 350, 354-360, 362

American skill, 79, 159

American traits, 130, 131

Anderson, E. Ellery, 374

Andrew, John F., 320

Ann Arbor, Mich., address at, 352-362.
See Speeches.

Appointment to office, as reward for
party services, 4. 38, 39, 43. 45, 47,
43, 53, 60. 224, 246, 285, 294. 309,
43S ; difficulties in regard to, 541



552



INDEX.



Appropriation bills, selfish measures
introduced into, 97

Arbitration of labor disputes, 332-336.
See also Labor.

Army of the Cumberland, 223

Art, revision of the tariff laws in rela-
tion to works of, 341, 342

Arthur, Chester A., tribute to, 491

Assembly districts, readjustment of, 309

Assessments for partisan purposes, 4

Assessors, duties of local, 65

Atlanta, Ga., letter to the Cleveland
Club at, Feb. 29, 1892, 294, 295

Attorney - General. See United

States Attorney-General.

Authors. See International Copy-
right.

Bakers, census returns, 80

Ballot-box, purity of, 151-154, 173,
344. See also Ballot Reform.

Ballot reform, necessity of, 151-155,
268, 344 ; how the suffrage is de-
bauched, 344

Banks, proposition to deposit Trea-
sury surplus in, 76

Barnstable County, 543-546, 548

Bartholdi statue, address accepting,
Oct. 28, 1886, 222

Bean Hill, 238

Beecher, Henry Ward, tribute to,
49 2 - 493

Benevolent institutions. See Charit-
able Institutions ; Charities.

Benton, M. E., 51

Berne, international copyright con-
ference at, 341

Bible, James H., letter to, April 8,
1892, 550

Billion Dollar Congress, pension ex-
travagance in, 276

Bissell, Dr., 538

Bissell, Herbert P., 285, 540

Black, Chauncey F., 285, 287

Blacksmiths, census returns, 80

Boston, commerce of, 149 ; speeches
at, 148-155, 316-321

Boston Tea Party, 149

Boyhood, 537-539

Bragg, Edward S., letter to, March 9,
1S82, 549, 550

Bribery, 4, 5, io, 36, 151, 152, 253,
268, 277, 321



Bridgeport, Conn., speech at, 302, 303

Bridges, improper legislation regard-
ing. 332

British gold, demagogic cry of, 261 , 325

Brooklyn, headquarters of Kings
County Democracy, 480 ; speeches
in, 237-241, 307-312

Brown, Edgar A., 100

Buffalo, inaugural message as mayor
of, 28-31 ; office of City Auditor in,
29, 30 ; Semi-centennial German
Young Men's Association, 127-132;
Sangerfest, 128,220; Music Hall,
128 ; German population of, 128-
132; Fitch Institute, 178-180;
message to Common Council, June
5, 1882, 180, 1S2 ; Young Men's
Christian Association, 181-183 ;
letter to Cleveland Democracy,
Sept. 30, 1885, 284, 285 ; Semi-
centennial of. 107-109, 375,
541 ; veto of amendments to charter
of, April 9, 1883, 447-449 ; proposed
re-organization of fire department
of, 447-449 ; veto of appropriation
for celebrating Decoration Day,
May 8, 1882,433-435; speeches at,
1, 2, 107-109, 127-132, 178-183,
203-205, 215-218, 220, 221, 274-
278, 296, 297, 375-377. 534, 539"542

Builders, speech at banquet of New
York National Association, Feb. 12,
1891, 169-173

Building contracts, 171, 172

Building trade, antiquity and impor-
tance of, 170

Bunker Hill, 317

Bureau of Agriculture, classification of
employees in, 56 ; its work, 451,
513-515

Bureau of Labor, establishment of,
335- 336

Burnett, John D., 465

Burnett, William E., letter to, Feb. 3,

1891, 480, 4S1

Burritt, Loren, veto of pension bill for,

396
Business men, duties to share in

government, 313
Business Men's Democratic Association

of New York, speech before, Jan. 8,

1892, 278-283 ; Oct. 27, 1891, 312-
316



/\ ;>/ \



553



Business methods in government. See
Government, Right Principles
ok.

Butchers, census returns, So

liutler, Benoni, 53S

Butter. See Oleomargarine.

Buzzard's Bay, 545

Cai.dwei.i , N. J., 300

California Indians. See INDIANS.

" Campaign of Education," the, 256-
263

Canada, commerce wi h, 499-511 ;
retaliation on, 499-511 ; canals of,
509. 510

Canals, legislation regarding, 5 ; pres-
ervation of, 65 ; Statepolicy with re
gard to, hi ; Canadian, 509, 510

Canddates for office, qualifications
for, 315

Canton, O., letters to Young Men's
Democratic Club at, Nov. 27, 1890,
105-106; Nov. 22, 1889, 290; Nov.
25, 1890, 293-294

Cape Cod, 543, 545, 546, 548

Cape Cod Canal, 545

Capital, relations between labor and, 5,
124. 333, 336, 337 ; regard for in-
terests of, 36 ; effect of .Federal
taxation on, 69 ; unjust exercise of
power by, 94 ; effect of tariff reform
on, 327 ; alleged discrimination in
favor of, 333

Cardinal Gibbons Reception Commit-
tee, letter to, Jan. 26, 1887, 183, 184

Carlisle, John G., 63

Carlisle Indian school, 422

Carpenters, census returns, 80

Carpenters' Hall, Philadelphia, 122

Cass, Lewis, 523

Catholic Club of Philadelphia, letter to,
Jan. 26, 1S87, 1S3, 1S4

Caucus, protection of, 3

Cemeteries, improper legislation re-
garding, 332

Census, returns of industrial pursuits,
80; Republican neglect of Constitu-
tional provisions for, 309, 310

Centennial and anniversary celebra-
tions, speeches, etc., at, 107-132.
See also Speeches.

Central America, needs of, £23
' Characteristic messages," 462-479



"Character of Andrew fackson," 484-
486

' r of reporters," 345, 346

Charitable institutions, n
meni of, 3g 200 ; « are of, 1 13

Charity, 123, 195, 196. Sei

ui.kh: ; and Charitable Organ
iza'i io\s ; Si a 1 ! Charity Aid

A 3S( iClAl ION.
Chautauqua County, veto of bill for

purchase of land by, Feb 1 -. 1 : " ),

■137. 438

and nasty," 252-254
"Cheap merchandise, cheap men,

cheap country," 252-254
Chicago platform of 1 - - 1, [1 1
Children, protection of , 180,181
Christmas Day, 34S
Church and state, union of, 183,184
Churches, 113
Cities, admixture of luxury and

squalor in, 91
Citizens, duties of, 32, 33, 35, 135,

136, 138-140, 146, 146, 150-

152, 155, 173. 174. 182-184, 189.

190, 197, 209, 216, 218, 219, 226-

229, 232, 233, 261, 263, 301, 303,

304. 307, 313. 3'5, 316, 337. 34 : ,

351, 361, 362 383, 549; rights ot,
215-218 ; recruiting the ranks of,

352. See also American Citizens;
American Citizenship ; Citizen-
ship.

Citizenship, effect of teachings of
Christianity on, 1^6; equality of
American, 337 ; renunciation of,
524

City Auditor of Buffalo, office of, 29,
30

Civil Service Commission, reports of,
48, 49, 57-61 ; advice to, 56, 57

Civil Service reform, 4, 12, 13, 17, 36,
37, 154, 4S6, 4S7. 541 ; letters,
messages, etc. , relating to, 38-61 ;
difficulties attending its introduction,
44 ; co-operation of the Cabinet in
the matter of, 45 ; belief in, 45 ;
first annual message to Congress
on, 46-4S ; benefit of, 48, 49,
53, 54; second annual message,
Dec. 6, 1886, 53, 54 ; promotion
of officers without competitive ex-
amination, 54, 55 ; growth and



554



INDEX.



progress of, 57~6i ; change' of rules
and regulations of, 59 ; difficulties in
the path of, 60 ; civil-service rules,
subdivision C. of General Rule 3,
54 ; Civil Service Reform Act, gist
of, 55 ; evasions of, 55 ; classifica-
tion of employees under, 55, 56

Civil War, the, 351, 376, 377 ;
Germans in, 130 ; Sumner's efforts
to obliterate reminder of, 318

Civil War pensions. See Pensions.

Civis Romanus Stun, 218

Claims against government, popular
opinion in regard to, 96

Classes, formation of two widely op-
posite, 91

Cleveland, Rev. William N., letter to,
Nov. 7, 18S2, 533, 534

Cleveland Club, Atlanta, Ga., letter to,
Feb 29, 1S92, 294, 295

Cleveland Democracy of Buffalo, 274-
278, 284, 285.

Cleveland family, 237

Clinton, N. Y., centennial of, 11 6- 118,
537-539-

Codman, Chas. R. , 320

Coinage of silver. See Silver.

Colleges. See Education.

Collins, Hon. P. A., 13, 15

Colored people. See Negro.

Columbus, O., letter to political
rally in, Sept. 24 , 1884, 283, 284 ;
speech at Thurman banquet, Nov.
13, 1890, 249-255

Combination, of corporations, 5 ; as
indication of competition, 83

Combinations, creatures of recent
birth, 91 ; improper, 93. See also
Trusts.

Commerce, to be fostered. 12 ; neces-
sity of freedom of, 65, 66; effect of
unnecessary taxation on, 73, 314;
importance of, log, in, 156; rela-
tion to government, 147, 156, 174-
177 ; reciprocity in, 162, 163.

Commercial and business associations,
letters and addresses to, 144-177.
See also Letters ; Speeches.

Commission of Labor, proposed, 334

Commissioner of Labor, appointment
of, 335

Communism, views on, 94

Competition, healthy, 83, 134



Congressional districts, Democratic
fairness in readjustment of, 31 1

Conspiracies. See Trusts.

Constitutional amendments, 5

Constitutional Convention, 122

Constitutional limitations, 4

Consumers, burdens of unnecessary
taxation on, 92

Continental Congress, 101

Contracts, popular ideas in regard to
government, 96

Cooper Union, speeches at, 303-307,
494-496

Copyright. See International

Copyright.

Corn, shipments of, from New Or-
leans, no

Cornell, Governor, 31

Cornell Alumni Society, address be-
fore, Dec. 21, 1889, 229-233

Cornell University, 230-233

Corporate funds, misuse of, 330

Corporations, rights, privileges, and
liabilities of, 4, 5 ; increasing power
of, 92 ; unjust grants to, 97 ; raison
d'etre, 329 ; publicity of, 329-331 ;
limitation of privileges of, 4S7

Correctional institutions, mismanage-
ment of, 39

Corruption, 5, 6,12, 302, 304, 305, 321,
344

Cox, S. S., tribute to, 494-496

Crees. See Indians.

Critic, The, tribute to Oliver Wendell
Holmes in, 346, 347

Crops, movement of, 21

Cruelty in charitable institutions, 200

Currency, necessity of a sound, 314,
487 ; dangers to, 319 ; contraction
of, 364, 365

Curtis, George William, 41

Custom Cutters' National Convention,
letter to, Jan. 20, 1891, 103

Custom Foremen Tailors' Association,
103

Customs duties, revenue from, 18, 19 ;
indirect taxation through, 67-69 ;
recommendation of reduction of, 84 ;
who pays, 325 ; payment of, in sil-
ver, 366, 368. See also Federal
Taxation ; Revenue ; Tariff.

Customs service, appointments to, and
vacancies in, 58



INDEX.



555



Dakota Bible, exclusion of, among

Indians, 416
Deceit, condemnation of, 536, 537

Declaration of Independence, 291 293

Decoration Day, veto of appropriation
for celebrating at buffalo, 433-435

De Kralft, Elizabeth S.. veto of pen-
sion bill for, 271), 280

Democracy, true, 8, 14, 101, 102. 245-
249, 251, 263-275, 28S, 303, 322,
485, 487-489 ; historical associa-
tions, 272 ; full meaning of, 294 ;
condition, responsibilities, and duty
of, 303 ; seciet of safety of, 312 ;
steadfastness in the people's cause,
312, 328 ; essence of its faith, 343 ;
root of national prosperity, 550

Democracy of Kings County, N. V.,
letter to, Oct. 30, 1889,288-290

" Democrat, I am a." See "I AM A
Democrat."

Democratic clubs, importance of, 285-
288 ; letter to National Association
of, Sept. 14, 1888, 285, 286; letter
to New York Convention of, Oct.
21, 1889, 287, 2S8

Democratic government, 34, 35

Democratic Party, honesty of, 2 ; plat-
form of 1884, 10 ; platform of 18S8,
17 ; principles in regard to trusts
and combinations, 24 ; position on
revision of revenue laws, 63 ; tariff
reform principal issue before, 104 ;
principles of, 243, 244, 256, 279, 297,
304, 305, 315 ; freedom of opinion
in, 245 ; position with regard to the
people, 261, 262 ; necessities of,
266 ; duties of, 273 ; circumstances
attending birth of, 273 ; position in
regard to taxation, 280, 301 ; position
on tariff reform, 281, 327, 328 ; se-
cret of success of, 290 ; position in
regard to labor, 301 ; pledged to
reform, 308 ; sincerity of, 323, 324

Democratic Societies of Pennsylvania,
letter to, Oct. II, 1889, 2S6,' 2S7

Democratic State Convention, meeting
at Syracuse, 3

Departmental service, appointments
to, 57-59 ; vacancies in, 58

Department of Justice, classification
of employees in, 56 ; reforms in,
5i6, 517



Department of State, classification of
employees in, 56 ; transactions of,
37

Dependent pension bill, veto of, 384-

I (epew, I Ihaum ey M., 16

Desert land laws, repeal of. recom-
ll 427

Desert lands, protection oi
432

Direct tax bill, veto of.
451-461

Domestic industries, lS, 26

Domestic manufactures, consumers
taxed for, 78 ; unnecessary fostering
of, 71) ; enhancement of cost to con-
sumers of, by high tariff, 81-S3 ;
healthy competition in, S3 ; element
of national greatness, 84 ; reduc-
tion of duties on raw material, 85 ;
stifling of production, 89 ; prosper-
ity of, 91 ; secret of theii
91 ; reformation of taritf as regards,
95

Domestic servants, census returns, So

Domicile, detinition of rights spring-
ing from, 525

Dougherty, Mary Ann, veto of pen-
sion bill for, 401-403

Douglas, 11. K., 1 01

Downing, Henry F., 344

Dramatic profession. See Actors'
Fund.

Dressmakers, census returns, 80

Duskin, Ceorge M., 465, 466

Eaton, Dolman P., letter accepting
resignation of, 43-46

Economic and social questions, mes-
sages and speeches, etc., on, 329-
347. See also Mess agi s; Spi ei hi .

Economy, private, 35, 251-253, 278

Economy, public, 35, SS, 251-25-3,
267, 269, 27S, 300, 314, 319, 4S7

Edison, Thomas A., 150

Education, system in New York State.
113; relation to politics, 114;
public estimate of. 123, 1S9, 357 ;
care to be exercised in, 189-192 ;
addresses on. 215-241 ; national
progress in, 218 ; value of, 239 ; of
colored people, 344. 345 '. necessity
of combining patriotism with, 354



556



INDEX.



Educational and patriotic questions,

addresses on. 215-241
Election frauds, 3. See also Ballot

Box ; Bribery ; Corruption.
Elections, Federal interference in, 4 ;

State interference in, 4. See also

Ballot-Box Reform.
Elevated Railroad Commissioners, 442,

443
Elevated Railroad Five-cent Fare Bill,

veto of, March 2, 18S3, 438-446
Ellicott, Joseph, 541
Elliot, Charles W., 320
Elmira State Fair, 137-139
Employers and employed, relations of,

11, 12
Enforcement of laws, 42
Engine-houses, improper legislation

regarding, 332
England, reciprocity with, 162, 163 ;

a Republican bugbear, 326 ; posi-
tion in regard to silver coinage, 369
English syndicates, 160
Entangling alliances, 340, 520
Equality, 90
Erie canal, 65
Erie County Bar Association, tribute

to Oscar Folsom before, 203-205
Essex County, N. J., 300
" Estimates of public men," 480-

497
" Eternal vigilance the priceof liberty,"

292
Europe, competition with pauper labor

of, 79, 326 ; America's challenge to,

159, 160
Evacuation Day Celebration, Nov. 26,

1883, 109-111
Evangelical Alliance, address to, Dec.

9, 1887, 185, 186
Everett, Dr. Wm., 320
Executive order on death of General

Hancock, Feb. 9, 1886, 491
Expatriation, right of, 524, 525
Expediency, weakness of doctrine of,

257
Ex- Presidents, method of disposal of,

1 5^> I rights of, and popular ideas

concerning, 547, 548
Extortion from public officers, 4
Extravagance, public, 21, 35, 36, 68,

77, 95, 267, 272 276-278, 288, 304,

325



Farmers, interest in taxation, 20;
effect of protective tariff on, 20, 69-
72, 81 ; movement of crops, 21 ;
census returns, 80 ; decrease of in-
terest in life of, 91 ; best policy for,
105 ; position with regard to New
York canals, 111; industries fostered
by State, 134-138 ; an independent
class, 137, 138 ; letter to Grange Pic-
nic at Williams Grove, Pa., Aug. 27,
188S, 140, 141 ; duty of Democratic
party to, 267 ; protection for, 477 ;
government encouragment of, 514,
515.

Farmers' Alliance, letter to Steuben-
ville Lodge, March 24, 1S90, 142,
143

Farmers' organizations, addresses and
letters to, 133-143

Farming, personal experience in, 134 ;
dignity of, 134 ; importance of, 134-

139. Ml

Farquhar, John M., 433

Favored-nation clauses of treaties, 340

Favoritism in advancement of . em-
ployees, 59

Federal government, foundation of,
35 ; popular opinion of, 95, 96 ;
protection of inter-state commerce
by, in labor disputes, 336 ; inter-
ference of, in questions between
labor and capital, 336, 337

Federal legislation in regard to labor
questions, 333, 334

Federal offices, distribution of, 51

Federal patronage, 34

Federal power, constitutional limita-
tions of, 98, 487

Federal system, 125-127

Federal taxation, wrongs of the sys-
tem, 68, 69 ; war rates in time of
peace, 70 ; readjustment of. 70 ;
veto of the direct-tax bill, 451-
461 ; payment by States in gross,
453. 454; non-payment by rebellious
States, 457, 458. See also Customs
Duties ; Revenue ; Tariff ;
Taxation

Federal union, Washington's prin-
ciples of, 351, 353

Fellowcraft Club, New York, speech
before, May 14, 1889, 225-229

Filial affection, 359



INDEX.



557



Financial policy, 16, 36, 312.

Fire Department of Buffalo, proposed
reorganization of, 447-449

Fishery disputes, 49S-511

Fitch, — — , 178-180

Fitch Institute, Buffalo, speech at,
May 10, 18S2, 178-180

Flack, James A., 88

Floaters, 344

Florida, Jackson's occupation of, 280

Flower, Roswell P., 307, 316

Folsom, Oscar, memorial tribute to,
203-205

Food production, 138

Food supply, frauds in, 477, 478

Force Bill, defeat of, 309

Forefathers' Day, 236-241

Foreign alliances, 520

Foreign markets, competition in, 23,
69, 70, 85, 93, 142, 143 ; exclusion
from, 89 ; forcing our goods into,
160 ; cultivation of, 162 ; effect of
tariff reform on, 327

Foreign policy, 35, 36 ; of a weak
nation, 512

Forest Commission, 236

Forests, preservation of, 65, 233-237,
425

Fosnot, E. W., 406

Fourth of July speeches. 166

France, reciprocity with, 162, 163 ;
presentation of Bartholdi's statue,
222 ; position in regard to silver
coinage, 369

Francis, David R., 398

Franklin, Benjamin, 120, 122

Frauds. See Ballot Box ; Ballot
Reform ; Bribery ; Corruption ;
Election.

Fraudulent and corrupt practices, 5, 6

Frazier, John W., 398

Freedmen. See Negroes.

Freedom, human yearnings for, 122,
126

Free library movement, 188-193

Free trade, Democratic position in
regard to, 24 ; relation to question
of reduction of revenue, 67 ; action
toward tariff reform preferable to
theorizing about, 86 ; Republican
sneers about, 325. See also Tariff.

Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, 225

Frontier settlers, safety of, 411



Frugality in home and government,

251-253, 278
Furey, William A., letter to, Feb. 2,
. 56, 487

( , \ki [i ld, I vmi s \ , 25 ); unveili ig of



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