James De Alwis.

The Pali text of the Attanagaluvansa and its ancient translation into Sinhalese online

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digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project
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COLLECTANEA



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PRINTED BY HORACE HART. PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY



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COLLECTANEA



FIRST SERIES



KDITED BY



C.'''R: ' L." F L E T C H E R



PBIXOW OP ALL SOULS COLLBCB



PRINTED FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY i j.0 , .
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS
1885 ..

[All rights ristfvtd.'] ^ . . .. -



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PREFACE.

I THINK that I might fairly take as a motto to prefix to a
work of this kind, appearing as late as it does, a verse which
smacks more of mediaeval than Classical Latinity, ' Segnius
expediunt congesta n^otia plures/

The applicability of this proverb to the present case will
at once be understood by anyone who has ever undertaken
the * responsible editing ' of a book, which depended for the
production of materials, and for the rapidity with which these
materials are sent to press, on half-a-dozen contributors ; and
which depended on him, the * responsible Editor' alone, for
the printing, arrangii^, and indexing of the various contribu-
tions. I do not wish to be understood as casting by these
prefatory remarks any aspersion on the zeal of my five fellow-
contributors to this volume ; I merely wish to lay down as an
abstract proposition that he who has filled for three quarters of
a year the position of * responsible Edi'or' for a book of Col-
lectanea, contributed by different hands^ has, if he survives at
all, learnt a lesson which it is good for all men to learn, viz.
the lesson of infinite patience and forbearance ; and for the
happiness of the [editorial] human race I hope that others may
have learnt and may learn that valuable lesson in a milder
school than myself.

Subscribers will be aware that the volume now offered to
them has not exactly the same constitution as that, which was
originally promised, was advertised to have. One important
item in that promised volume, * The Building Accounts of
Wadham College,' is absent owing to the lamented death of
Dr. Griffiths, the late Warden of Wadham and Keeper of the



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vi PREFACE,

University Archives, than whom no man was ever more fitted
to throw light on a series of documents demanding in an equal
degree the very markedly different qualities of the Historian and
the Antiquarian. It was settled that the space, thus left vacant
in the Society's first issue of Collectanea, was to be filled by a
series of letters between an undergraduate and his friends in
the year 1780 and following years, which would have been of
great interest to students of eighteenth century history ; but
the Editor, who had most kindly undertaken to annotate these
letters and see them through the Press, felt at the last moment
unable to give such a complete edition of them as the subject
itself demanded in time to satisfy the Publica Fides^ which the
Committee of the Society felt itself bound to maintain towards
its subscribers in respect of the issue of the present volume.

The book will however, it is hoped, be found to contain
materials at least sufficiently diversified to satisfy the taste of
most members of the Society. The Ledger of an Oxford
Bookseller at the commencement of the sixteenth century is,
I venture to think, a contribution of unique interest, and it is
extremely fortunate that the editing of it has fallen to the lot
of such an able bibliographer as Mr. Madan ; the Catalogue of
the Library of Oriel College in the fourteenth century, which
Mr. Shadwell has edited with a precision of which few other
people are capable, presents even rarer attractions of a biblio-
graphical nature ; while Mr. Jackson's preface to the curious
Letter of Dr. Wallis — a letter which breathes throughout that
fine old eighteenth century spirit for which Oxonians have
been ever since so much praised and vituperated — is a most
valuable contribution to the history of the so-called Augustan
age of England. Mr. Henson's notes and prefaces to royal and
papal letters, etc., of the fourteenth century relating to the
University, amply elucidate documents, which are in themselves
worthy of careful study ; while Mr. Duff's * Account-book of an
Undergraduate i68a-8' provides a somewhat more spicy
pabulum for the reader who is not ashamed to be called
frivolous. In my own contribution I have transcribed and



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PREFACE. vii

endeavoured to illustrate some incidents in the life of an
Elizabethan gentleman, whom in respect of the manner in
which he fought for his college it would not be inapt to call
also an Elizabethan hero ; but for the imperfections of Part IV
I must claim the indulgence of subscribers, and can only plead
in defence thereof the constant and harassing cares of the
general editorship.

In conclusion, I have only to express my thanks and those
of the Committee of the Society to my fellow-contributors for
the kind way in which all, but especially Mr. Shadwell,
Mr. Madan, and Mr. Jackson, have done their utmost to
expedite their contributions under pressure of more important
duties and engagements. Mr. Henson and I also owe our
especial thanks to Mr. C. T, Martin, of the Public Record Office,
for his valuable suggestions and general assistance with regard
to Parts I and IV.

C R. L. FLETCHER.

All Souls College, Oxford,
December^ 1885.



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CONTENTS,

PART I.

PAGE

Letters relating to Oxford in the 14TH Century, from
Originals in the Public Record Office and British

Museum i

By H. H. Henson, B.A., Fello^v of All Souls.

PART II.

The Catalogue of the Library of Oriel College in the

14TH Century 57

Bj C. L. Shadwell, M,A,, Fellow of Oriel.



PART III.

The Daily Ledger OF John DoRNE, 1520 71

By F, Madan, M.A., Brasenose College ; Sub^ Librarian
of the Bodleian.
Facsimile of MS. Corpus Christi College (Oxford) 121 ^ foil. 13^ 14'.

^0 face page 71

PART IV.

All Souls College versus Lady Jane Stafford, 1587 . . 179

By the Editor.
Plan of Edgeware Woods Tofacepage ijg

PART V.

The Account-book OF James Wilding, 1682-1688 ... 349
By E. G. Duff, Wadbam College.

PART VI.

Dr. Wallis* Letter against Mr. Maidwell, 1700 . . .269
By T. W. Jackson, M,A., Fellow of Worcester College.



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li



PART I.
THE STAMFORD SCHISM.



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1. The University to the Queen. Feb, 14th, 1334.

2. The University to Henry, Bishop of Lincoln, c June—July, 1334.

3. The University to Edward HI. cjuly, 1334.

4. The University to Edward III. c Winter, 1334-5.

5. The University to Edward III. c. Spring, 1335.

6. Edward III to the University. June 6th, 1335.

7. R. de Stratford to Cambridge University, c. 1337.

8. The University to J., Bishop of Winchester. Autumn, 1333.

9. The University to Robert de Stratford, c. Spring, 1335.

10. The University to Bernard de Sislre. Jan, 29th, 1339.

11. The University to Cardinal Bertrand. Spring (early), 1339.

12. The University to Robert de Stratford. Summer (early), 1340.

13. The University to Benedict XII. 1334,

14. The University to Cardinal N. of S. Adrian.

15. The University to Edward III.

16. The University to Robert de Stratford. 1336.

17. The University ad ignotum,

18. The University ad ignotum,

19. The University to Edward III. Jan, 15th, 1337.

20. The University to Edward III. March — April, 1337.

21. The University to Robert de Stratford. March — April , 1337.

22. The University to Bertrand de Sistre. Feb, — March, 1337.

23. Idem ad eandem. March 19th, 1337.

24. The University to Cardinal Bertrand. Oct,— Nov, 1337.

25. The University to Robert de Stratford. Nov, — Dec. 1337.



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THE STAMFORD SCHISM.

Stamford had many attractions for students. Ancient
tradition declared that King Bladud had founded an univer-
sity there in the ninth century before Christ, and that his
foundation had flourished until the coming of Augustine into
England, when it had been suppressed for its incorrigible
heresy. Moreover Stamford was a great ecclesiastical centre.
Scholars and churchmen had made it their home, and their
foundations formed a splendid framework for a great mediaeval
school. To quote the hard lang^uage of a local antiquary:
* The monks, friers, and nuns of those superstitious times (like
so many rats or mice, which make choice to feed of the
daintiest cheese) made choice of this place to build here

several receptacles For in and about this town they had

no less than eight several cells or monasteries *.*

The educational eminence of Stamford was mainly owing to
the Carmelites'; who appear to have settled there about the
year 1265, at which time the eminent Henry de Hanna pre-
sided over the Order as Provincial in England. These Car-
melite schools formed the nucleus, around which there soon
gathered an University in all but name.

In 1261 a town-and-gown row at Cambridge had resulted
in the secession to Northampton, with the royal consent, of a
large number of the students'. A similar occurrence in Oxford
had a similar result, either by the voluntary departure or
enforced banishment of a portion of the students. In 1265

' Survey and Ant of Stamford, &c., by R. Batcher, ii. p. 9 (Lond 1717).
" Academia Tcrtia Anglicana, by F. Peck (Lond. 1727).
' Stowe*s Annab, p. 192 (Lond. 1631).

B 2



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4 COLLECTANEA . [Part I.

Henry III revoked his permission, and Northampton ceased
to be a possible rival of Oxford and Cambridge. The King's
action seems to have been the result of a two-fold motive.
On the one hand he wished to wreak his vengeance on the
Oxford students for the part they had played in the recent
war, and on the other hand he may have desired to strengthen
the Stamford school, to which he stood in the relation,
possibly of founder, certainly of benefactor. The withdrawal
of the royal licence from Northampton benefited Stamford in
two ways. It removed a rival, and transferred a number of
students from Northampton to Stamford.

The year 1291 is suggested by Anthony 4 Wood^ as the
probable date of the origin of the ' University ' of Stamford.
In that year Robert Lutterd bestowed a manor in Stamford
on the Gilbertine convent of Sempringham for the increase
of the convent, and for the support of students studying
divinity and philosophy.

Stamford now developed rapidly*. Colleges, halls, inns, and
monastic establishments rose and flourished. The names of
Henry de Hanna and his successor Lidlington, of Nicholas de
Stanford, and John Rodington shed the lustre of their learning
on the schools where they taught. A dangerous rival seemed
to threaten the older universities. Then came the great
* schism ' of 1333-4- The danger became acute : this was the
destruction of Stamford, for the energies of Oxford and Cam-
bridge were called into action, the aid of the royal power was
invoked and obtained, and the unequal contest soon ended in the
complete triumph of the historic Universities. The origin of
the schism seems to have been one of those contests between
the north and south country students, which ever and anon
disturbed the repose of mediaeval Oxford ^ The Pelagian
exodus from Cambridge which has been suggested as, at least
in part, the cause of the schism, seems to be identified with

' Wood's Annals, Book i. p. 433.

' Vid. Academia Tertia Anglicana, by F. Peck (Lond. 1727); Wood's Annals,
Book i. p. 432.

» Stowe, Sheldcn, Wood, Peck.



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Parti.] THE STAMFORD SCHISAf. 5

the secession to Northampton m i%6i. In the autumn of the
year 1333, the vanquished northern students retired to Stam-
ford in Lincolnshire, and there prepared to continue their
studies. They were viewed with favour by John, Earl of
Warrenne, but it was further necessary to obtain the sanction
of the King. In January, 1334, the seceders addressed an
exculpatory epistle to Edward III.^ They therein declared
that their withdrawal from Oxford was * par resoun de plusours
debatz, concels, et melles qels long temp ont este et uncont
sont en la universite de Oxenford, done grantz damages, perils
morts, mordres, maihemes et robberies sovent fois sont avenuz ;'
and they prayed the King to permit them to carry on their
studies at Stamford.

While the seceders thus exerted themselves, Oxford also
began to act. In February, 1334, we find a letter from the
University to the Queen (I) invoking her assistance against
this base attempt to draw away students to Stamford. Edward
was then busily engaged with the Scottish war. Philippa
had accompanied him to the north, and was, perhaps, at this
time residing at Bamborough ^ That the University should
appeal to her was not unnatural. She holds an honourable
place among the royal benefactors of Oxford, though her
epitaph exaggerates her actual benefits.

' A careful nurse to students all al Oxford she did found
Queen's College and Dame Pallas, school, that did her fame resound/

During the months of March, May, and July, further
secessions of students took place; and the University re-
doubled its efforts to remove the growing peril. Probably' we
may refer to the early summer of 1334, the letter addressed
to the Bishop of Lincoln, Henry de Burghersh, requesting
him to exert himself on behalf of the University (II). As
treasurer he would have influence over the King ; as diocesan
of both Oxford and Stamford he was in a position to interfere
effectually in any quirrel between them.

* Quoted by Peck in Acad. Tertia Anglicana.

' Vid. A. Strickland, Queens of England, vol. i. p. 384 sq.



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6 COLLECTANEA. [Parti.

The combined efforts of the Queen and the prelate, in
support of the direct appeal of the University to the King
(III), seem to have been successful. On August and ^ the King
ordered the Sheriff of Lincoln to proceed to Stamford, and
compel the students to abandon their illicit attempt to found
an university there, on psun of forfeiture of property. The
names of the disobedient were to be sent to the King. Yet
Edward was not forgetful of the complaints of the seceders.
All who had suffered injury or loss in Oxford were to make
formal complaint before Justiciaries, specially deputed. The
King wrote in a similar strain to the mayor and bailiffs of
Oxford.

A month later ^ both the Chancellor of the University and
the mayor of the burgh of Oxford were summoned to West-
minster^, and in deference to the representations of the former
the King appointed a special commission, consisting of the
Bishops of Durham, Coventry, and Lichfield, and Norwich, to
settle the dissensions which troubled the University.

On November i * he repeated his order to the Sheriff of
Lincoln ; but again the incorrigible obstinacy of the Stamford
students set the royal authority at naught. On March aSth,
1335, the King ordered William Trussel to go to Stamford
and carry out his orders, sending him the names of the bold
offenders. Trussel, in company with the sheriff, fulfilled his
mission and ejected the students*; but hardly had he departed
before they came back, persuaded, we are informed, by the
burghers, who, apparently, found the presence of an University
within their walls not only dignified but profitable. Edward
again ordered Trussel to eject and punish the students. On
the Wednesday after St. James^ day (July a5th), their property
was seized and confiscated to the King's use ; and a list of the
offenders was prepared and sent to Edward. The number
was not great. Seventeen masters^ one bachelor, six parish
priests, and fourteen students; thirty-eight in all. At the

* Rymer*s Focdcra, R. E. vol. ii. pt. 3, p. 891. * lb. p. 893. • lb.

• lb. p. 898. * Academia Tertia Anglicana, Peck.



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P«tL] THE STAMFORD SCHISM. 7

head of the list appears the name of William de Barneby,
who, we learn from letter IV, was the prime mover of the
schism.

The schism was finally crushed, but its influence continued
to be felt in the University. The violent struggle through
which Oxford had passed had stirred passions which could
not be calmed at once into academic repose. We find, therefore,
that the University deemed it necessary to appeal again to the
King, not now against academic schismatics, but against the
disturbers of academic peace (IV, V). In the summer of 1335
Edward replied to these appeals by issuing a mandate against
certain practices which tended to disorder (VI). While a state
of comparative anarchy was thus the immediate result of the
schism, the permanent result was the strengthening of the
monopoly possessed by the historic universities. Oxford had
been panic-stricken, victory rendered her vindictive. It is
said that the leading schismatics were Merton men ^. Merton
College found it advisable * to keep up a more perfect friend-
ship with the rest of the University ' by refusing * to choose
the northern students into their fellowships, on the same level
with the southern.*

While the resentment of the University required such
exdusiveness from Merton College, it manifested itself with
equal clearness in corporate action. Not only was the name
of William de Bameby treasured up in a hostile remembrance
(VII), but the academic monopoly of Oxford was entrenched
behind a barrier of statute *. Inceptors in any faculty were
required to swear not to lecture or read in Stamford. More-
over, the assistance of the sister University was invoked.
Indirectly Cambridge had shared the danger which had
directly assailed Oxford. The assistance was readily given.
The two Universities entered into a league for mutual defence,
henceforward recognising no universities other than them-
selves.

' Wood. ' Mun. Acad. p. 375 (Rolls Scries).



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COLLECTANEA . [Part I.



The University to the Queen.
(Royal MS. la. D. xi. f. 29.)

2'eb. ^4ili, 1S84. A la Reigne d'Engleterre de par la amv[ersite].

The Queen is asked to recommend the case of the poor Masters to the Pope,
and to write to the Cardinal de Mota. The University is distressed by the se-
cession to Stamford of many students. The Queen's aid is requested.

A sa tresnoble et treshonurable dame, Dame Philippe, par la grace
de Dieu Reyne dengleterre, Les soens si lici pleist subjectz le Chan-
cellier et les Maistres de la Universitee d'Oxenford, ou treshumbles
obeyssances toutes reverences et honeurs. Treshonurable dame, de
grantz biens et honneurs qe vus avez sovent fet a vostre petite Uni-
versite de Oxenford devotement de queor, Vus enmercions en qui
avons en toutes nos bosoignes pleinement trovetz refut et aie. Par
quoi fiablement esperoms qe toutes eschoses qe nous touchent, par
vostre treshaute noblie seront mises en bon esploit. Treshumblement
vus requerrons qe plaise a vostre excellence recomander vos clerks les
Maistres Regentz de vostre dite Universite a nostre seint piere le
Pape, qil vullie de sa grace otreier les peticions queles lui seront
purposees de par la Universite, en pourvoiant au ditz Maistres
dauquns benefices de saint eglise, dount il soi pouront sustener en le
travaile descole, en qoi il se painent ja en poverte, qe pour nostre
Seignur le Roy et pur vus selonc nos estatutz devotement nus
assemblons en orisons et en proiers. Dautra part, tresnoble dame,
vus plaise escrire au Chardinal de la Mote, Archidiacres d'Oxenford,
ou qi nus avons ja tenutz grant temps plaiz sur nostre droit, et par
son poeir nus abesse a grantz coustages et greveuses, qil se vullie a
corder a la pais en la fourme pur la qele nostre Seignur le Roie
altrefoitz la sue mercie deigniast escrire pur nus. Et pur ceo dame
qaukunes gentz, qe toutz ses honeures ount resceuz entire nus, en
destruction quant en eus est de nostre Universite sen sont treez a
Estanford, €t toutz les jourz treount aultres par leur fauses covines,
Vuliez, tresnoble dame, a vostre humble filie partant conseillier, qe
par ses faus fuitz ne soit deseuree ne devisee, mais par vus maintenue
puisse les fiiitz de grantz et altres enseignier en bons mours et en
sciences, en eiant si le pleist regard de bone gentz et sages, qel ad
avant ces heures a grand honeur de vostre Realme norriz par encres
de vertuz et entendement de sa juvent tanqe a veilliage, et ne vulliez qe



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Parti.] THE STAMFORD SCHISM. 9

la vile dozenford qest a nostre Seignur le Roi et a vus par honur
daultre soit en ceste part desheritee. Vostre treshaute nobleie voiUie
en sancte et honeur sauver le fuitz Dieu et sa glorieuse Mere et de vos
anemis envoier hastifs victoire. Escript le Jour ^int Valentin.

II.

The University to Henry, Bishop of Lincoln.
(Royal MS. u. D. xi. fol. 28. B. M.)

e. June — July, 1384. Ista directa fdit Episcopo Lincoln* per universitatem
Oxen'.

The University has decided to send envoys to the Pope. The bishop is requested
to snpport them by procuring letters from the king to the Pope and others, espe-
cially Cardinal de Mota. The bishop is asked to procure the aid of the king for
the University against the Stamford schismatics.

Reverendo in Christo patri ac domino suo, domino Henrico, Dei
gratia Lincoln' Episcopo, ac .illustrissimi principis et domini nostri
Regis Anglie Tesaurario, Sui si placet filii humiles et devoti Cancellarius
Universitatis Oxon' Cetusque unanimis magistrorum, R^gentium et
non Regentium in eadem, cum sui status recommendacione humillima
Reuerencias omnimodas cum honore De fonte bonitatis vestre gratis-
sime ad nos habundans latex gratie emanavit, que vestram Univer-



Online LibraryJames De AlwisThe Pali text of the Attanagaluvansa and its ancient translation into Sinhalese → online text (page 1 of 32)