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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES




lExtra 31lluatratPt> JEfrtum

This set of books has been extra illustrated with many
old engravings.

It is probable that no other set illustrated with the same
plates is in existence at the present time.



Red Rover Edition



The Works of James
Fenimore Cooper

Miles Wallingford




G. P. Putnam's Sons

New York and London
IRntcfeerbocfeer press



PREFACE.



THE conclusion of this tale requires but little pref-
ace. Many persons may think that there is too
much of an old man's despondency in a few of
the opinions of this portion of the work ; but,
after sixty, it is seldom we view the things of this world
en beau. There are certain political allusions, very few in
number, but pretty strong in language, that the signs of
the times fully justify, in the editor's judgment ; though he
does not profess to give his own sentiments in this work,
so much as those of the subject of the narrative himself.
"The anti-rent combination," for instance, will prove,
according to the editor's conjectures, to be one of two
things in this community the commencement of a dire
revolution, or the commencement of a return to the sounder
notions and juster principles that prevailed among us thirty
years since, than certainly prevail to-day. There is one
favorable symptom discoverable in the deep-seated dis-
ease that pervades the social system ; men dare, and do
deal more honestly and frankly with the condition of society
in this country, than was done a few years since. This
right, one that ought to be most dear to every freeman, has
been recovered only by painful sacrifices and a stern resolu-
tion ; but recovered it has been, in some measure ; and,
were the pens of the country true to their owners' privileges,
we should soon come to a just view of the sacred nature of
private character, as well as the target -like vulnerability of
public follies and public vice. It is certain that, for a series
of dangerous years, notions just the reverse of this have pre-



612278



iv preface



vailed among us, gradually rendering the American press
equally the vehicle of the most atrocious personal calumny,
and the most flatulent national self-adulation. It is under
such a state of things that the few evils alluded to in this
work have had their rise. Bodies of men, however ignorant
or small, have come to consider themselves as integral por-
tions of a community that never errs, and, consequently,
entitled to esteem themselves infallible. When in debt, they
have fancied it political liberty to pay their debts by the
strong hand ; a very easy transition for those who believe
themselves able to effect all their objects. The disease has
already passed out of New York into Pennsylvania ; it will
spread like any other epidemic, throughout the country ;
and there will soon be a severe struggle among us, between
the knave and the honest man. Let the class of the latter
look to it. It is to be hoped it is still sufficiently powerful
to conquer.

These few remarks are made in explanation of certain
opinions of Mr. Wallingford, that have been extorted from
him by the events of the day, as he was preparing this work
for the press ; remarks that might seem out of place, were it
not a part of his original plan, which contemplated enlarg-
ing far more than he has, indeed, on some of the prominent
peculiarities of the state of society in which he has passed
the greater part of his days.




MILES WALLINGFORD.



CHAPTER I.

"But I '11 not chide thee;
Let shame come when it will, I do not call it ;
I do not bid the thunder-bearer shoot,
Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging Jove ;
Mend when thou canst."

King Lear.

IT is almost as impossible to describe minutely what
occurred on the boat's reaching the Wallingford, as to
describe all the terrific incidents of the struggle be-
tween Drewett and myself in the water. I had suf-
ficient perception, however, to see, as I was assisted on
board by Mr. Hardinge and Neb, that L/ucy was not on deck.
She had probably gone to join Grace, with a view to be in
readiness for meeting the dire intelligence that was expected.
I afterwards learned that she was long on her knees in the
after-cabin, engaged in that convulsive prayer which is apt
to accompany sudden and extreme distress in those who
appeal to God in their agony.

During the brief moments, and they were but mere
particles of time, if one can use such an expression, in
which my senses could catch anything beyond the horrid
scene in which I was so closely engaged, I had heard
shrill screams from the lungs of Chloe ; but Z,ucy's voice
had not mingled in the outcry. Even now, as we were
raised, or aided, to the deck, the former stood, with her
face glistening with tears, half convulsed with terror and



half expanding with delight, uncertain whether to laugh
or to weep, looking first at her master and then at her
own admirer, until her feelings found vent in the old
exclamation of " De feller ! "

It was fortunate for Andrew Drewett that a man of
Post's experience and steadiness was with us. No sooner
was the seemingly lifeless body on board, than Mr. Har-
dinge ordered the water-cask to be got out ; and he and
Marble would have soon been rolling the poor fellow with
all their might, or holding him up by the heels, under the
notion that the water he had swallowed must be got out
of him, before he could again breathe ; but the authority
of one so high in the profession soon put a stop to this.
Drewett' s wet clothes were immediately removed, blankets
were warmed at the galley, and the most judicious means
were resorted to, in order to restore the circulation. The
physician soon detected signs of life, and, ordering all but
one or two assistants to leave the spot, in ten minutes Drew-
ett was placed in a warm bed, and might be considered out
of danger.

The terriffic scene enacted so directly before his eyes,
produced an effect on the Aldonny man, who consented to
haul aft his main-sheet, lower his studding-sail and topsail,
come by the wind, stand across to the Wallingford, heave-
to, and lower a boat. This occurred just as Drewett was
taken below ; and, a minute later, old Mrs. Drewett and
her two daughters, Helen and Caroline, were brought
alongside of us. The fears of these tender relatives were
allayed by my report ; for, by this time, I could both talk
and walk ; and Post raised no objection to their being
permitted to go below. I seized that opportunity to jump
down into the sloop's hold, where Neb brought me some
dry clothes ; and I was soon in a warm, delightful glow,
that contributed in no small degree to my comfort. So
desperate had been my struggles, however, that it took a
good night's rest completely to restore the tone of my nerves
and all my strength. My arrangements were barely com-
pleted, when I was summoned to the cabin.

Grace met me with extended arms. She wept on my



/Mies Mallingfort) 3

bosom for many minutes. She was dreadfully agitated as
it was ; though happily she knew nothing of the cause of
Chloe's screams, and of the confusion on deck, until I was
known to be safe. Then Lucy communicated all the facts
to her in as considerate a manner as her own kind and
gentle nature could dictate. I was sent for, as just stated,
and caressed like any other precious thing that its owner
had supposed itself about to lose. We were still in an
agitated state, when Mr. Hardinge appeared at the door
of the cabin, with a prayer-book in his hand. He de-
manded our attention, all kneeling in both cabins, while
the good, simple-minded old man read some of the collects,
the Lord's Prayer, and concluded with the thanksgiving
for "a safe return from sea" ! He would have given us
the marriage ceremony itself, before he would have gone
out of the prayer-book for any united worship whatever.

It was impossible not to smile at this last act of pious
simplicity, while it was equally impossible not to be
touched with such an evidence of sincere devotion. The
offering had a soothing influence on all our feelings, and
most especially on those of the excited females. As I came
out into the main cabin, after this act of devotion, the excel-
lent divine took me in his arms, kissed me just as he had
been used to do when a boy, and blessed me aloud. I con-
fess I was obliged to rush on deck to conceal my emotion.

In a few minutes I became sufficiently composed to order
sail made on our course, when we followed the Orpheus up
the river, soon passing her, and taking care to give her a
wide berth a precaution I long regretted not having used
at first. As Mrs. Drewett and her two daughters refused to
quit Andrew, we had the whole family added to our party,
as it might be, perforce. I confess to having been suffi-
ciently selfish to complain a little, to myself only, however,
at always finding these people in my way, during the brief
intervals I now enjoyed of being near Lucy. As there was
no help, after seeing all the canvas spread, I took a seat in
one of the chairs that stood on the main deck, and began for
the first time coolly to ponder on all that had just passed.
While thus occupied, Marble drew a chair to my side, gave



me a cordial squeeze of the hand, and began to converse.
At this moment, neatly tricked out in dry clothes, stood
Neb on the forecastle, with his arms folded, sailor-fashion,
as calm as if he had never felt the wind blow ; occasionally
giving in, however, under the influence of Chloe's smiles
and unsophisticated admiration. In these moments of weak-
ness, the black would bow his head, give vent to a short
laugh, when, suddenly recovering himself, he would en-
deavor to appear dignified. While this pantomime was in
the course of exhibition forward, the discourse aft did not
flag.

" Providence intends you for something remarkable,
Miles," my mate continued, after one or two brief expres-
sions of his satisfaction at my safety ; " something uncom-
monly remarkable, depend on it. First, you were spared in
the boat off" the Isle of Bourbon ; then, in another boat off
Delaware Bay ; next, you got rid of the Frenchman so dex-
terously in the British Channel ; after that, there was the
turn-up with the bloody Smudge and his companions ; next
comes the recapture of the Crisis ; sixthly, as one might
say, you picked me up at sea, a runaway hermit ; and now
here, this very day, seventhly and lastly, are you sitting
safe and sound, after carrying as regular a lubber as ever
fell overboard, on your head and shoulders, down to the
bottom of the Hudson no less than three times ! I consider
you to be the only man living who ever sank his three times,
and came up to tell of it with his own tongue. ' '

" I am not at all conscious of having said one word about
it, Moses," I retorted, a little dryly.

1 ' Every motion, every glance of your eye, boy, tells the
story. No, Providence intends you for something remark-
able, you may rely on that. One of these days you may go
to Congress who knows? "

' ' By the same rule, you are to be included, then ; for in
most of my adventures you have been a sharer, besides hav-
ing quantities that are exclusively your own. Remember,
you have even been a hermit."

"Hu-s-h ! not a syllable about it, or the children would
run after me as a sight. You must have generalized in a



/HMles



remarkable way, Miles, after you sunk the last time, with-
out much hope of coming up again ? ' '

"Indeed, my friend, you are quite right in your conjec-
ture. So near a view of death is apt to make us all take
rapid and wide views of the past. I believe it even crossed
my mind that you would miss me sadly."

"Ay," returned Marble, with feeling, " them are the mo-
ments to bring out the truth ! Not a juster idee passed
your brain than that, Master Miles, I can assure you.
Missed you ! I would have bought a boat and started for
Marble Land, never again to quit it, the day after the funeral.
But there stands your cook, fidgeting and looking this way,
as if she had a word to put in on the occasion. This expl'ite
of Neb's will set the niggers up in the world ; and it would n't
surprise me if it cost you a suit of finery all round."

" A price I will cheerfully pay for my life. It is as you
say Dido certainly wishes to speak to me, and I must give
her an invitation to come nearer."

Dido Clawbonny was the cook of the family, and the
mother of Chloe. Whatever hypercriticism might object to
her color, which was a black out of which all the gloss had
fairly glistened itself over the fire, no one could deny her
being full blown. Her weight was exactly two hundred,
and her countenance a strange medley of the lighthearted-
ness of her race, and the habitual and necessary severity of
a cook. She often protested that she was weighed down
by " responserbility " ; the whole of the discredit of over-
done beef, or underdone fish, together with those which
attach themselves to heavy bread, lead-like buckwheat
cakes, and a hundred other similar cases, belonging exclu-
sively to her office. She had been twice married, the last
connection having been formed only a twelvemonth before.
In obedience to a sign, this important lady now approached.

" Welcome back, Masser Mile," Dido began with a cour-
tesy, meaning, " Welcome back from being half drowned " ;
" ebberybody so grad you is n't hurt ! "

" Thank you, Dido thank you, with all my heart. If I
have gained nothing else by the ducking, I have gained a
knowledge of the manner in which my servants love me."



6 toiles Mallingfoift

" Lor' bless us all ! How we help it, Masser Mile ? As
if a body can posserbly help how lub come and go ! Lub
jest like religion, Masser Mile some get him, and some
don't. But lub for a young masser and a young missus, sar
dat jest as nat'ral, as lub for ole masser and ole missus. I
t'ink nut' in, of neider."

Luckily, I was too well acquainted with the Clawbonny
dialect to need a vocabulary in order to understand the
meaning of Dido. All she wished to express was the idea
that it was so much a matter of course for the dependents of
the family to love its heads, that she did not think the mere
circumstance, in itself, worthy of a second thought.

" Well, Dido," I said, " how does matrimony agree with
you, in your old age ? I hear you took a second partner to
yourself, while I was last at sea."

Dido let her eyes fall on the deck, according to the custom
of all brides, let their color be what it may ; manifested a
proper degree of confusion, then courtesied, turned her full-
moon face so as to resemble a half-moon, and answered, with
a very suspicious sort of a sigh.

" Yes, Masser Mile, dat jest so. I did t'ink to wait and
ask 'e young masser' s consent ; but Cupid say" not the
god of love, but an old negro of that name, Dido's second
partner "but Cupid say, 'What odd he make to Masser
Mile? he long way off, and he won't care;' and so, sah,
rader than be tormented so by Cupid, one had altogedder
better be married at once dat all, sah."

' ' And that is quite enough, my good woman ; that every-
thing may be in rule, I give my consent now, and most
cheerfully."

" T'ankee, sah ! " dropping a courtesy, and showing her
teeth.

" Of course the ceremony was performed by our excellent
rector, good Mr. Hardiuge?"

" Sartain, sah no Clawbonny nigger t'ink he marry at
all, 'less Masser Hardinge bless him and say Amen. Ebery-
body say 'e marriage is as good as ole masser and missusses.
Dis make two time Dido got married ; and both time good,
lawful ceremunny , as eber was. Oh ! yes, sah ! ' '



flbiles



"And I hope your change of condition has proved to
your mind, Dido, now the thing is done. Old Cupid is no
great matter in the way of beauty, certainly ; but he is an
honest, sober fellow enough."

"Yes, sah, he dat, no one can deny. Ah ! Masser Mile,
'em 'ere step-husband, after all, nebber jest like a body own
husband ! Cupid berry honest, and berry sober ; but he
only step-husband ; and dat I tell him twenty time already,
I do t'ink, if trut' was said."

' ' Perhaps you have now said it often enough twenty
times are quite sufficient to tell a man such a fact."

" Yes, sah," dropping another courtesy, " if Masser Mile
please."

" I do please, and think you have told him often enough.
If a man won't learn a thing in twenty lessons, he is not
worth the trouble of teaching. So tell him he's a step-
husband no more, but try something else. I hope he
makes Chloe a good father ? ' '

"Lor', sah, he no Chloe 's fadder, at all ; her fadder dead
and gone, and nebber come back. I want to say a word to
young masser, 'bout Chloe and dat 'ere fellow, Neb yes,
sah."

"Well, what is it, Dido? I see they like each other,
and I suppose they wish to get married, too. Is that the
object of your visit ? If so, I consent without waiting to be
asked. Neb will make no step-husband, I can promise
you."

"Don't be in a hurry, Masser Mile," said Dido, with an
eagerness that showed this ready consent was anything but
what she wanted. " Dere many 'jection to Neb, when he
ask to marry a young gal in Chloe sitiation. You know,
sah, Chloe now Miss Grace's own wai tin' -maid. Nobody
else help her dress, or do anything in 'e young missus'
room, dan Chloe, sheself my darter, Chloe Clawbonny ! ' '

Here was a new turn given to the affair ! It was " Like
master, like man." Neb's love (or lub, for that was just the
word, and just the idea, too) was no more fated to run
smooth than my own ; and the same objection lay against
us both, namely, want of gentility ! I determined to say a



gcxxi word for the poor fellow, however ; while it would
have been exceeding the usages of the family to interfere in
any other manner than by advice, in an affair of the heart.

"If Chloe is my sister's favorite servant, Dido," I re-
marked, " you are to remember that Neb is mine."

"Dat true, sah, and so Chloe say ; but dere great differ-
ence, Masser Mile, atween Clawbonny and a ship. Neb
own, himself, young masser, he doesn't even lib in cabin,
where you lib, sah."

"All that is true, Dido; but there is a difference of
another sort between a ship and a house. The house-
servant may be more liked and trusted than the out-door
servant ; but we think, at sea, it is more honorable to be a
foremast-hand than to be in the cabin, unless as an officer.
I was a foremast Jack some time, myself; and Neb is only
in such a berth as his master once filled. ' '

"Dat a great deal quite won'erful, sah berry great
deal, and more dan Chloe can say, or I can wish her to say.
But, sah, dey say now Neb has save 'e young masser 's life,
young masser must gib him free-paper and no gal of mine
shall ebber be free nigger's wife. No, sah ; 'scuse me from
dat disgrace, which too much for fait'ful ole servant to
bear ! "

" I am afraid, Dido, Neb is the same way of thinking. I
offered him his freedom, the other day, and he refused to
receive it. Times are changing in this country ; and it will
be thought, soon, it is more creditable for a black to be free,
than to be any man's slave. The law means to free all
hands of you, one of these days."

' ' Nebber tell me dat, Masser Mile dat dey nebber come
for me or mine ; even ole Cupid know better dan dat. Now,
sah, Misser Van Blarcum's Brom want to have Chloe, dread-
ful ; but I nebber consent to sich a uner" Dido meant
union "nebber. Our family, sah, altogedder too good
to marry in among the Van Blarcum's. Nebber has been,
and never shall be uner atween "em."

" I was not aware, Dido, that the Clawbonny slaves were
so particular about their connections. ' '

"Won'erful particular, sah, and ebber hab been, and



ebber will be. Don't t'ink, Masser Mile, I marry old Cu-
pid, myself, if anoder prop'r connection offer in 'e family ;
but I prefar him, to marry into any oder family here-
about."

' ' Neb is Clawbonny, and my great friend ; so I hope you
will think better of his suit. Some day Chloe may like to
be free ; and Neb will always have it in his power to make
his wife free, as well as himself."

" Sah, I t'ink as you say, Masser Miles, sah ; when I hab
done t'inkin', sah, hope young masser and young missus
hear what ole cook got to say, afore 'ey gives consent."

"Certainly; Chloe is your daughter, and she shall pay
you all due respect ; for that, I will answer for my sister as
well as for myself. We will never encourage disrespect for
parents."

Dido renewed and redoubled her thanks, made another
profound courtesy, and withdrew with a dignity that, I dare
say, in Neb's and Chloe' s eyes, boded little good. As for
myself, I now mused on the character of the things of this
world. Here were people of the very humblest class known
in a nation nay, of a class sealed by nature itself, and
doomed to inferiority -just as tenacious of the very distinc-
tions that were making me so miserable, and against which
certain persons, who were wiser than the rest of the world,
declaim without understanding them, and even go so far,
sometimes, as to deny their existence. My cook reasoned,
in her sphere, much as I knew that Rupert reasoned, as
the Drewetts reasoned, as the world reasoned, and, as I
feared, even Lucy reasoned in my own case ! The return
of Marble, who had left my side as soon as Dido opened her
budget, prevented my dwelling long on this strange I had
almost said, uncouth coincidence, and brought my mind
back to present things.

" As the old woman has spun her yarn, Miles," the mate
resumed, ' ' we will go on with matters and things. I have
been talking with the mother of the youngster that fell
overboard, and giving her some advice for the benefit of
her son in time to come, and what do you think she gives as
the reason for the silly thing he did? "



" It is quite out of niy power to say that he was a silly
fellow naturally, perhaps."

" Love. It seems the poor boy is in love with this sweet
friend of yours, Rupert's sister, and it was nothing more nor
less than love which made him undertake to play rope-dancer
on our main-boom ! "

"Did Mrs. Drewett tell you this with her own mouth,
Marble?"

"That did she, Captain Wallingford, for, while you were
discussing Neb and Chloe, with old Dido, we, that is, the
doctor, the mother, and myself, were discussing Andrew and
Lucy between ourselves. The good old lady gave me to
understand it was a settled thing, and that she looked on
Miss Hardinge already as a third daughter."

This was a strange subject for Mrs. Drewett to discuss
<\vith a man like Marble, or even with Post, but some allow-
ances were to be made for Marble's manner of viewing his
own connection with the dialogue, and more for the excited
condition of the mother's feelings. She was scarcely yet in
possession of all her faculties, and might very well commit
an indiscretion of this nature, more especially in her conver-
sation with a man in Post's position, overlooking or disre-
garding the presence of the mate. The effect of all that had
passed was to leave a strong impression on my mind that I
was too late. Lucy must be engaged, and waited only to
become of age, in order to make the settlements she intended
in favor of her brother, ere she was married. Her manner
to myself was merely the result of habit and sincere friend-
ship, a little increased in interest and gentleness, perhaps,
on account of the grievous wrong she felt we had received
from Rupert. What right had I to complain, admitting all
this to be true? I had scarcely been aware of my own
passion for the dear girl, for years, and had certainly never
attempted to make her acquainted with it. She had made
me no pledges, plighted no faith, received no assurances of
attachment, was under no obligation to wait my pleasure.
So sincere was my affection for Lucy, that I rejoiced even
in my misery, when I remembered that not the slightest
imputation could be laid on her deportment, truth, or frank-



/Biles Wallingfotft n

ness. On the whole, it was perhaps the more natural that
she should love Andrew Drewett, one she met for the first
time after she became of an age to submit to such impres-
sions, than to love me, whom she had been educated to
treat with the familiarity and confidence of a brother. Yes,
I was even just enough to admit this.

The scene of the morning, and the presence of Mrs.
Drewett and her daughters, produced an entire change in
the spirits and intercourse of our party. The ladies re-
mained below most of the time, and as for Drewett himself,
he was advised by Post not to quit his berth until he found
his strength restored. Mr. Hardinge passed much time by



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