James Ferguson.

Records of the clan and name of Fergusson, Ferguson and Fergus; online

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daughter of Donald Mor Macquarrie in Ulva.
Donald, his son, married Jessie, daughter of Cap-
tain John Cameron in Greenock, by whom he had
six children ; John, Donald, Sarah, Lachlan,
Archibald, and Flora. Lachlan, his third son, is
minister of Arisaig.

Untraced Families. 483

Aoxghus Og. — Angus Og Maclean was born in
Coll, and belonged to the Boreray branch of the
Macleans of Ardgour. His father's name was
Angus. His mother was a Macfadyen. He had
a son named Lachlan, who had a son named
Neil. Neil had three sons ; Lachlan, John, and
Norman. Lachlan was a carpenter by trade, and
was known as Lachainn Saor. He came to Nova
Scotia, and settled in Keppoch, Antigonish County.
He died in July, 1855, and left five sons ; Neil,
Archibald, Norman, John, and Alexander. The
Rev. Lachlan A. Maclean, of Louisburg, Cape
Breton, is a son of Alexander.

Donald, Alexander, and James Maclean.—
Donald, Alexander, and James Maclean were
brothers, and were born in North Uist. It is
pretty certain that they belonged to the Boreray
branch of the Ardgour family. Their parents
were drowned while crossing from Uist to the
mainland. Donald went to Jamaica, prospered in
business, and sent for Alexander and James. He
married Ann Susanna Rodon, by whom he had
Lachlan, George-Rodon, and Ann. Alexander
was born in 1767. He became proprietor of the
Crawle River and Orange Hill estates in Jamaica.
He returned to Scotland in 18 19, and settled in
Liberton. He married, in the same year, Mary
Baigrie, by whom he had Catherine-Ann, Alex-
ander, Donald, and John M. He died in 1839.
His youngest son, John M., is the well-known
member of parliament for Cardiff.

484 The Clan Gillean.

Allan Maclean in Achnacreig. — Allan Mac-
lean belonged to the Coll branch of the clan. He
lived at Achnacreig, between Sorn and Dervaig,
in Mull. Charles, his son, lived in the same
place. Charles met Prince Charles when the latter
arrived in Moydart in 1745. Having shaken
hands with the Prince, he never afterwards gave
his right hand to anyone. Allan, son of Charles,
had a son named Hector. Hector lived at Cill-
bheag, Kilveg, in or near Bellach Roy. Allan,
son of Hector, lived at Cuinn, near Dervaig.
Hector, son of Allan, resides at 5 Belgrave Street,

The Macleans of Altanull. — Lachlan Mac-
lean was born in Rum, and belonged to the Coll
branch of the clan. He came to Nova Scotia in
October, 1781, and settled at Allta-'n-aoil, or Lime
Brook, in Pictou County. He married Ann Mac-
quarrie, by whom he had four children ; David,
Hector, Gormall, and Catherine. David married
Margaret Mackenzie, by whom he had Lachlan,
James, Duncan, Robert, and Alexander. Lachlan
and Robert live at Lime Brook. James is minister
of the Presbyterian Church at Great Village, Nova
Scotia. Duncan was a doctor at Shubenacadie,
Nova Scotia. He was skilful, kind, and self-
sacrificing, and was highly esteemed. He made
no money, but he did a great deal of good to his
fellow-men. He died a year ago. Alexander
lives in Pennsylvania. The Rev. James T. Mac-
lean of Oakryn, Pennsylvania, is his son.

Untraced Families. 485

Eoghan Mac Lachainn Mhic Iain Bhain. — It
is said that John Ban was a son of Terlach
Mac Allan Mac Ian Duy. He settled in Tiree,
and had a son named Lachlan, who had a son
named Ewen. Ewen, Eoghan Mac Lachainn
Mhic Iain Bhain, had two sons, Donald and
Ewen. Donald had three sons; Lachlan, Charles,
and John. 1. Lachlan had three sons ; John,
Hugh, and Donald. 2. Charles had six sons ;
John, Donald, Hugh, Hector, Alexander, and
Dugald. Hugh, Hector, and Dugald came to
Canada. Alexander lived at Ruaig, and had two
sons, Donald and Hector. Hector is minister of
Dalkeith, Scotland. 3. John was born in 1771.
He was one of the tenants of Ruaig. He had
three sons ; Malcolm, Lachlan, and Donald. He
died in 1861. Malcolm succeeded him in Ruaig,
and was succeeded there by his son Allan. Lach-
lan was married, and had one daughter. Donald
was born in 181 7. He was a merchant and manu-
facturer in Glasgow. He had four sons ; John,
Andrew -Bruce, Archibald, and Malcolm. John
came to Canada. Andrew-Bruce is a manufacturer
of electric light cables at Craigpark, Glasgow.
Archibald is an India-rubber merchant in Leeds.
Malcolm is a manufacturer of electrical articles in

Tearlach Mac Lachainn Mhic Eachainn.- —
Charles Maclean, Tearlach Mac Lachainn Mhic
Eachainn, lived in Kilmoluaig. He married Ann
Campbell, of Gortandonald, by whom he had Don-

486 The Clan Gillean.

aid, Archibald, Lachlan, and Catherine. Donald
married Mary Graham, and had by her, Alexander,
Ann, Mary, and Margaret. Archibald died unmar-
ried. Catherine was married to Archibald Maclean.

Lachlan, third son of Charles Maclean, occupied,
during the latter part of his life, the farm of Grian-
ail, or Greenhill, in Tiree. He married Catherine,
daughter of Archibald Maclean, Gilleasbuig Mac
Iain Mhic Lachainn, and had by her, Catherine,
Archibald, Charles, Donald, Lachlan, Marion,
and Donald-Archibald. Catherine, the eldest of
his family, was married to John Macgavin, and
Marion to Captain John Brodie. Archibald, eldest
son of Lachlan Maclean, settled at Hawke's Bay,
New Zealand. Charles, second son of Lachlan,
is a farmer in Leicestershire, England. He mar-
ried Jeanie Barr, and has six children ; Robert,
Lachlan, Charles, Mary, Katie-Jane, and Thomas.
Donald, third son of Lachlan, settled at Hawke's
Bay. He married Margaret Macfarlane, by whom
he had Catherine, Lachlan, Margaret, and Elspeth.
Donald-Archibald, fifth son of Lachlan, settled at
Hawke's Bay. He married Elizabeth Macfarlane,
and has one daughter, Catherine.

Lachlan, fourth son of Lachlan Maclean, was
born at Crosh, Tiree, on May 28th, 1852. He
left Tiree in April, 1868, to join the Glasgow office
of the Leith, Hull, and Hamburg Steam Packet
Company. He was transferred to Leith in 1871,
and to London in 1874. He was appointed, in
1878, chief agent in South Africa for the Castle

Untraced Families. 487

Mail Packets Company. He married, in August,
1899, Margaret, daughter of John Cumming Craw-
ford, of Edinburgh, and has one child, Sheila.
He resides at Greenhill, Kenilworth, near Cape
Town. He takes a thorough interest in his clan.
The Macleans of Grand Lake. — Archibald
Maclean was a lieutenant in the Royal Navy. He
settled in New York, and married there, on June
1 2th, 1780, Catherine Price. He came to St. John,
New Brunswick, and received a grant of two lots
of land in the city. He removed afterwards to
Grand Lake, Queen's County, where he took up a
large grant of land. John, his son, was born at
Grand Lake in 1784. John was for a number of
years judge of the court of common pleas. Lach-
lan, John's son, was a merchant in the city of St.
John ; but was obliged to retire from business on
account of ill health. He died at Mill Stream,
King's County, in 1875. Hugh-Havelock, son of
Lachlan, was born in Fredericton, on March, 2 2d,
1854. He was called to the bar in 1876, and is
connected as solicitor or director with a number of
wealthy companies. He takes a hereditary interest
in military matters, and is lieutenant -colonel of
the 62d St. John Fusiliers. He was lately in
Britain as commandant of the Bisley Team from
Canada. He is a good member of the great clan
to which he belongs.

Iain Ban Mac Ailein. — John Maclean, Iain Ban
Mac Ailein, was one of the tenants of the farm of
Achadh-a-Chairn on the north side of Loch-nan-

488 The Clan Gillean.

Ceall. He had three sons ; Allan, Charles, and
Lachlan. Allan, the eldest son, was for about
sixty years a teacher in Iona, in connection with
the Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge
in the Highlands and Islands. Besides teaching,
he expounded the Scriptures to the people, and
also kept a Sabbath school for the children. He
was a useful man, and was highly respected.
Lachainn na Gaidhlig describes him as abbot of
Iona. Charles, second son of John Ban, was at
one time a sergeant in the Breadalbane Fencibles.
He was afterwards forester at Loch Sunart to the
Duke of Argyll. He married Euphemia, daugh-
ter of Donald Campbell, by whom he had Neil,
Ellen, Mary, Jessie, and others. Neil was born
in 1796. He was educated at Iona and in the
University of Glasgow. He was licensed to
preach in 1822, and became minister of Ulva in
1826. He was translated to Halkirk in 1844.
He married Clementina Clark, sister of Francis
W. Clark of Ulva, and had six children; Charles,
Neil, Francis, James A., Clementina, and Isabella.
Charles was a minister, and died in Ceylon in
1897. Neil was mate of the steamship Tenasserim.
He died at sea in 1878, and was buried in Malta.
Francis was in the service of the Caledonian
Insurance Company, Edinburgh, and died in 1885.
James A. Maclean, youngest son of the Rev. Neil
Maclean, is a lawyer and bank agent in Forfar.

General John Maclean. — John Maclean was
born in Mull in 1756. He served in the Revolu-

Untraced Families. 489

tionary War under Washington, and was an officer
of artillery in the War of 181 2. He was the first
commissary-general of the state of New York.
He died in New York on February 28th, 182 1.
George W., son of General Maclean, graduated at
the Military Academy at West Point in 1818. He
had four sons ; Henry-Clay, Malcolm, Donald,
and Walter. Malcolm was born in 1848. He is
a practising physician and surgeon in New York.
He married the only daughter of Dr. George W.
Jewett, by whom he has three children ; Alfred,
Donald, and Helen. Donald, third son of George
W. Maclean, is a lawyer in New York. Walter
is a lieutenant in the United States Navy.

The Macleans of Dysart. — George Maclean
resided in Dysart, Fifeshire, and was known as
George Mac Allan. He was married, and had two
sons, George and William. George was licensed
to preach in 1797, and became minister of Fogo
in Berwickshire in 1814. He was returned heir to
his father, " George Mac Allan, or Maclean," in
1818. He died in 1840. He was married and
left issue. William, second son of George Mac
Allan, was manager of the Dysart colliery. He
married a daughter of John Brodie, by whom he
had a son named George. George, son of Will-
iam, was born at Dysart in 1795. He entered the
commissariat department of the army in 1812.
He was appointed commissary-general in 1849.
He was knighted in 1854. He served in the
Crimea from March, 1855, to the close of the war,

490 The Clan Gillean.

when he was created a K. C. B. He married,
first, a French lady, by whom he had one son.
He married, secondly, Sarah M. Lord, of Nassau
in the Bahamas, and had by her three sons and
three daughters. He died about 1862.

Henry-John, eldest son of Sir George Maclean
by his second wife, was born at Nassau in 1827,
and entered the army in 1845. He served for nine
sears in the nth North Devonshire regiment.
He served for twenty-five years in the Rifle Brig-
ade, and commanded one of its battalions. He
was appointed, in 1878, to the head-quarter staff
in Ireland. He was placed on the retired list, with
the rank of major-general, in 1884. He was mar-
ried twice, and had five sons and three daughters.

The Macleans of Plantation. — George Mac-
lean was enrolled a burgess and guild brother of
Glasgow in 1739. William, eldest son of George,
was enrolled in 1782. William, eldest son of
William, was born in Glasgow in 1783. He pur-
chased, about 1830, the mansion and lands of
Plantation, west of Glasgow. He married Mary
Brown, by whom he had William and other
children. He died in 1867. William, second of
Plantation, was born in 1805. He paid strict
attention to his business, but found time to com-
pose upwards of 2,000 sacred melodies. He
married Alice, daughter of the Rev. Robert Muter,
D. D., by whom he had eight children ; William,
Jessie, Robert, Mary, Alice, W^ilhelmina, Jane, and
Charles-James. Jessie was married to William

Untraced Families. 491

Galbraith, of St. Rollox. She has composed
several songs, and also some pieces of music.
Alice was married to John Paterson Paton ; Wil-
helmina, to Henry Homan, a lawyer in Norway ;
and Jane, to Sheriff Hall of Ayrshire. William,
eldest son of William, succeeded his father in
Plantation. He is senior partner of the firm of
Maclean, Fyfe, and Maclean, writers, in Glasgow.
Robert, the second son, is an advocate in Edin-
burgh. Charles-James is, like his brother, a lawyer
by profession. He is a partner in the firm of
Maclean, Fife, and Maclean. He married Sara
D. Holms, and has four children ; William,
Archibald -Campbell- Holms, Helen -Alice, and

Gilbert Maclean. — Gilbert Maclean emigrated
from Scotland to Antrim in Ireland about 1770.
He had a son named James, who had a son named
Alexander. Alexander came to the United States
about 1820, and engaged in the coal business.
He settled on a large farm at Wilkes Barre, Penn-
sylvania, in 1848. He had six sons ; James,
Samuel-Swan, Leslie, George, William-Swan, and
John. James continued the coal business, and
died, quite a rich man, in 1863. Samuel-Swan
was a lawyer, and represented the territory of
Montana in Congress for two successive terms.
Leslie went to California, thence to Australia,
and died on his way back. George was receiver
of public moneys for the district of Montana.
William-Swan is a lawyer in the city of Wilkes
Barre. John died in the Union army of camp fever.

492 The Clan Gillean.

Charles McClain was born in the north of
Ireland in 17 12. He came to America in early
life, and settled in New Jersey. He removed about
1785 to Pennsylvania, and settled near Pittsburgh.
He was for fifty years an elder in the Presbyterian
Church. He died in 1807. D. G. McClain, of
Denver, Colorado, is his great-grandson. The
name Maclean was very commonly spelled McClain
in 1700.

The Rev. Andrew Maclean was born at Dal-
reach of Moy in 182 1. He was descended from
a Maclean who left Mull between 17 15 and 1745,
and settled in Strathdearn. He came to Canada
in 1857, and became minister of a congregation at
Crieff, Ontario. He married Catherine Cameron.
He died in April, 1873. Lieutenant-Colonel John
Bayne Maclean is his son. Colonel Maclean is
president and managing editor of the Maclean
Publishing Company, of Montreal and Toronto.
He was elected president of the Clan Maclean
Association of America in 1896. Like all loyal
Macleans, whether they be rich or poor, he takes
a real interest in the history of his forefathers.

Eoghan Mor Mac Thearlaich Mhic an Dotair
was born in Coll, and served for some time in the
Black Watch. Lachlan, his son, was born about
1805, anc * came to Canada about 1822. He
married Catherine Mackay, and settled at Lake
Ainsley in Cape Breton. Captain Ewen Maclean
in Charlottetown is his third son.


%ht (Chicfship of the Clan €illcan.

I. General Facts with Regard to the
Chiefship of Clans.

A clan includes, first, those who claim descent
from a common ancestor, and use the name of that
ancestor as their surname. It includes, secondly,
all who have joined it by adopting its name as
their own. There are thus in all clans, clansmen
by descent and clansmen by adoption. At the
present day, however, it is, as a general rule,
impossible to distinguish the one class from the

The man who stands at the head of a clan and
represents the founder of it, is known in Gaelic as
an ceann-cinnidh, the kenkinnie, or clan -head.
The representative of a branch of a clan is known
as an ceann-taighe, the kentie, or house-head.
The word ceann-cinnidh is generally rendered into
English by the term chief, and the word ceann-
taighe by the term chieftain. In kentie, the


The Clan Gillean.

Anglicized form of ceann-taighe, the accent is on
the last syllable ; it is pronounced, not kenty, but

The English word chief is used in two distinct
senses in connection with clans. It is used, first,
as the equivalent of the word kenkinnie ; and,
secondly, in the sense of feudal superior, or land-
lord. In the latter sense Campbell of Breadalbane
was chief of the Macintyres of Glennoe ; in the
former sense, he was not ; the Macintyres had a
kenkinnie of their own.

The kenkinnie was ruler, judge, and com-
mander-in-chief of his clan. He protected the
members of his clan in their rights, settled disputes
between them, and punished evil-doers. He also
led his followers to battle, and fought at their
head. He had great influence, but he could not
act as he pleased. He could neither make nor
change laws without the consent of his people.
He was of course largely under the control of his
leading men. If he played the part of a tyrant,
he would lose his head. It was thus absolutely
necessary for him for his own safety and comfort
to treat his followers in a kind and fatherly

The law of primogeniture, as it exists in Britain
at the present day, belongs entirely to the feudal
system. It was utterly unknown to the clan sys-
tem. It simply declared that the land-chief should
be succeeded in his estate by his eldest lawful son,
if he had sons ; if not, by his daughters. Thus,

The Chiefship of the Clan. 495

it utterly ignored the existence of clans. It would
be unreasonable, then, to regard it as a law fitted
for regulating the succession to the headship of a

There were two things required to constitute a
person eligible for the chiefship. It was necessary,
first, that he should be descended in the male line
from the founder of the clan ; and, secondly, that
he should possess the intellectual and physical
qualifications required for the performance of the
duties required of him as chief.

A natural son, legitimated by an act of parlia-
ment, a letter of legitimation, or the marriage of
his parents after his birth, was eligible for the
chiefship of a clan as well as a son born in wed-
lock. Robert II. was chief of the Stewarts ;
Archibald the Grim, chief of the Douglases ; and
John of Killin was chief of the Mackenzies.
Dugald Stewart was chieftain of the Stewarts of
Appin ; Aonghus na Feirte, chieftain of the Mac-
donalds of Keppoch ; Donald Gallach, chieftain of
the Macdonalds of Sleat ; and John Muideartach,
chieftain of the Clanranald.

There were three ways in which a person might
become chief of his clan ; by the general law of
succession, through designation to the chiefship
by the last chief, or by election. According to the
general law, the eldest legitimate son succeeded
his father, if he had the requisite qualifications for
the chiefship. His fitness would, no doubt, be
judged in the most favourable manner possible by

496 The Clan Gillean.

those who were attached to his father. It was
thus strongly probable that he would become

Sometimes the chief of a clan passed by his
eldest son, for prudential reasons, and settled
the succession upon a younger son. John, first
Lord of the Isles, appointed Donald, his third
son, his heir-apparent. John Glas, the first Earl
of Breadalbane, had two legitimate sons, Duncan
Mor and John. He gave the estate to John, who
was chieftain of the Campbells of Breadalbane
from 1 7 16 to 1752. Duncan Mor, who was equal
to John in every respect, was married, and left two
lawful sons, Patrick Mor and John.

When a clan elected a kenkinnie, the rule in-
variably followed by them was to select the best
qualified person among the near relatives of the
last chief. Of course they never selected a man
who could not be traced back step by step in the
male line to a former chief. As a general rule
their choice fell upon a brother, uncle, or cousin of
the last chief. A young and inexperienced person
was never elected.

A clan had a right to depose a chief and to
elect a more suitable person to fill his place.
About the year 1405, Ferchar, ninth chief of the
Mackintoshes, was deposed, and a near relative,
Malcolm Beg, raised to the position of ruler of
the clan. Ferchar had sons, who became the
founders of several families. Malcolm Beg died
in 1457, and left four sons. He was the progenitor

The Chiefship of the Clan. 497

of all the Mackintosh chiefs known to history from
the time of his death to the present day. John
Alainn, chieftain of the Macdonalds of Keppoch,
was deposed by his followers in 1505 or there-
abouts, and his cousin-german, Donald Glas,
chosen in his place. About 15 15 the Clanranald
murdered their chieftain, Dugald Mac Ranald, and
placed themselves under the command of his uncle,
Alexander Mac Allan. John Muideartach, Alex-
ander's son, became laird of Moydart, and, under
the name of captain, actual chieftain of the Clan-
ranald. Allan, son and heir of the deposed
Dugald, had to be satisfied with being laird of

In order to be chief of a clan it was always
necessary that a person should be acknowledged as
such by the majority of the clan. It was of no
use for a man to call himself a chief unless he had
followers enough to maintain him in that position.
James, son of James II., called himself King of
Britain, but in spite of his declarations the Georges
remained kings. Theoretical claims are not of
much value to a man unless he can obtain posses-
sion of that which he claims. James Stewart had
no doubt very good claims to the British throne,
but unfortunately for him the hated Brunswicker
had more followers than he had. Probably it
would have been as wise for him if he had never
said anything about his claims.

498 The Clan Gillean.

II. The Claims of the Maclaines of Lochbuie


The Macleans of Ross knew perfectly well that
their ancestor, Neil of Lehir, was the eldest of
Lachlan Bronnach's lawful sons. But they knew
also that Lachlan Og was acknowledged by the
clan as their chief, and that his son, Hector Odhar,
his grandson, Lachlan Cattanach, and his great-
grandson, Hector Mor,were likewise acknowledged
as chiefs. Instead of grumbling and complaining
because they were not themselves chiefs they
followed those who were chiefs, and proved on the
battle-field that as men they were their equals in
every respect. If they could not afford to purchase
such polished swords as the chiefs had, they could
make swords for themselves and cut down as many
enemies with them as the chiefs could cut down
with theirs. They were grand warriors and most
loyal clansmen. The Macleans of Coll always
asserted that their valiant ancestor, John Garbh,
was an older son than Lachlan Og of Duart, but
they never on that ground or any other claimed
the chiefship of the clan. They were intelligent
and well-informed men, and knew that they were
only chieftains. They would never pretend to be
what they were not.

The Macleans of Duart were in possession of
the castle and lands of Duart, at least from 1366
to 1689. The Macleans of Lochbuie never, during
that long period, claimed to be chiefs of the clan.

The Chiefship of the Clan. 499

If they had on any occasion made such a claim,
it is tolerably certain some old book, manuscript,
or official document would contain a reference to
it. They did not put forward their claim even for
some time after Duart had ceased to be the prop-
erty of Lachlan Liibanach's descendants. They
waited until Sir Hector Maclean, Sir John's only
son, died in Rome in 1750. Then they said to
themselves, The Campbells have taken their lands
from our brethren, and we will take the chiefship
from them ; they are now too weak to defend

John, seventeenth of Lochbuie, obtained posses-
sion of the estate in 175 1. It is not certain that
he laboured under the delusion that he was chief
of the Macleans, but it is quite possible that he
did. Captain Archibald Maclaine, his son, ad-
dressed a memorial to the King, which commences
thus: — "The subscriber is only son to a Maclaine
of Lochbuie, a gentleman of as good family and
connections as any in the Highlands of Scotland,
and whose family has for the space of from eight
to nine hundred years supported the character of
what is called in that country a Highland chief,
or the first man of his name." The memorial was
written apparently about the year 1776. As the
king had no special acquaintance with Highland
history, it was probably safe enough to tell him
him that there were Maclaine chiefs in the High-
lands at least as early as the year 976, or about
234 years before Gilleain na Tuaighe was born.

500 The Clan Gillean.

A mural tablet in Laggan, Mull, contains the
words, " In memory of Murdoch Maclaine, Esq.,
of Lochbuie, chief of his name." Murdoch died in
1844. The inscription was written some time

Online LibraryJames FergusonRecords of the clan and name of Fergusson, Ferguson and Fergus; → online text (page 29 of 32)