James Frederick McCurdy.

History, prophecy and the monuments (Volume 2) online

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other in the interests of a religious and political party in a
single one of the many western states opposed to Assyria
in this contest. From Egypt, moreover, the principal one
of the western powers, we have nothing but an indirect tra-
ditional reference, while none of the other nations have left
any monuments of the occurrence whatever. The Biblical
account has to do with the fortunes of Judah and Jerusa-
lem, and with these alone. It is not to be co-ordinated with
the professedly complete Assyrian report, but is to be fitted
into the plan of campaign which the latter indicates. In
spite of the difficulties that arise, it is perhaps possible, when
both sets of documents are rightly considered, to compile
a harmonious and fairly exact history of the whole affair.

§ 677. The general situation in 701 was somewhat as
follows. For the three or four years immediately pre-
ceding a general revolt had been preparing in Palestine.
To bring this about was an easy matter on the accession of
a new and untried king. There were also several distinct
movers and motives that provoked it, and then sustained
it to the point of resistance when the time for suppression
came. Within the turbulent territory itself there were
two main centres of agitation against Ass3a-ian control.
And outside of the Asiatic West-land there were two per-
sonages who took care that the seditious feeling was not
allowed to slumber. The foregoing extract from the
annals of Sinacherib shows clearly that the chief oppo-
nents of the Assyrians were Phoenicia and Judah, as the
main points of attack were Tyre and Jerusalem. The
position of the Philistian cities made their possession a
matter of importance in itself; but their reduction was
comparatively an easy matter and evidently quite inci-
dental to the campaign against Judah. The other peoples
of the West-land, — Moabites, Ammonites, and Edomites,
— had no special interest in the business of insurrection.
Hence without much delay they placated the invaders.



280 EGYPT AND JUDAH Book VIII

§ 678. Of the machinations of Egypt in Judah, and
the eagerness of a powerful party in Jerusalem to accept
its alliance, we are fully enough informed by the Hebrew
authorities. The details of particular movements in Egypt
itself are not known to us. The Assyrian reports agree in
mentioning (see above, Col. II, 73 f .) '• kings of Egypt and
the king of Meluha " or the Sinaitic peninsula. There is
manifest allusion here to a confederacy of local Egyptian
kings. What was said in our first volume of the relations
of the Ethiopian over-lord to the princes of the Delta
(§ 347 f.) will explain the freedom of action enjoyed by
the latter (cf. § 656). The tendencies were also pointed
out which at last brought about a combination for the
aggrandizement and defence of the empire as a whole.
The fact that 2 K. xix. 9, Isa. xxxvii. 9, mention " Tirha-
kah king of Ethiopia " as the leader, simply shows that the
domination exercised by the Ethiopian dynasty was now
effective enough to control these northern princes and
marshal their united forces for the relief of the Palestinian
insurgents. It was in all probability this renewed consoli-
dation of the Egyptian strength that gave the chief en-
couragement to the whole insurrectionary enterprise. Tir
hakah, as the Hebrew records transcribe his name (Egypt.
Taharka, Assyr. Tarlcu, Gr. Tapa/c?;?, TdpKo



Online LibraryJames Frederick McCurdyHistory, prophecy and the monuments (Volume 2) → online text (page 26 of 39)