James Gairdner.

Three fifteenth-century chronicles, with historical memoranda by John Stowe, the antiquary, and contemporary notes of occurrences written by him in the reign of Queen Elizabeth online

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the dates of King Edward's privy seals it appears that he remained

in or near London till the end of April. He was at the Tower on

« Page 177. " Page 178.


the 26tli of that month, and this must have been about the time
wlien the news came of the capture of Norham and Skipton Castles.
On the 29th April we find him at St, Alban's, and by the 2nd May
he had reached Northampton, so that by that date, when the
decisive battle above alluded to is said to have been fought, the
King certainly had not lost much time. He contrived to waste a
little, as we know quite well, the day before, when he secretly stole
away from Stony Stratford and got married to Elizabeth AVoodville
at Grafton. But as he rejoined his company the same day, and no
one knew of the aflfair for some months after, it cannot be said that
even this was a great delay, so far. It was after the decisive battle
had been fought, and no doubt because it had been fought and won,
that Edward manifestly slackened speed on his progress northwards.
He stayed at Leicester from the 8th to the 13th May, was at
Nottingham on the 15th, had reached Pomfret by the 14th June,
and Doncaster by the 23rd, and seems to have advanced no further.
In July we find him again at Leicester, and in August we trace his
movements southwards by Stamford and Fotheringay to Woodstock,
which he reached on the 24th. The only material waste of time,
therefore, that we can detect on the King^s part, was after the
danger was practically at an end.

Again, the decisive battle in which Sir Ralph Percy was slain
was, it is well known, the battle of Hedgley Moor; but it appears
by the concurrent evidence of Gregory's Chronicle and the Rolls of
Parliament to have been fought, not on the 2nd May, but on St.
Mark's Day, the 25th April j*^ so here seems to be another inaccuracy.
These however are exceptions. The account of the executions after
the battle of Hexham corresponds with that in Gregory's Chronicle
{Coll. of a London Citizen, 2'2'^-Q), and must have been derived from
a common source, but the Latin text seems to be the more accurate.
"■ Coll. of a Lond. Citizen, 224. Rolls of Pari. v. 511.

CAMD. soc. e


From the year 1464' to the close of this Chronicle in 1471 there
is comparatively little recorded that is not to be found elsewhere;
but the narrative, slender as it is, ought certainly not to be over-
looked by any one who proposes to study the history of the period
from original sources.


A. — See page xv.

At folio 203 of the Lambeth MS. 306, occur the two following
scraps, which seem worth preservation as curiosities : —


Who so wyll be ware of purchassyng,
Consydre theese poyntes folowyng: —

1. Fyrst se that the lande be cleere,

2. And the tytle of the sellere,

3. That it stonde in no dawngeer
Of no womans doweere,

4. And whethir the lande be bonde or free,

5. And the leese or releese of the feoffe,

6. Se that the seller be of age,

7. And whethir it be in any morgage.

8. Locke if ther of a tayle be fownde,

9. And whethir it stonde in any statute bownde.

10. Consydre what servyce longyth ther to

11. And the qnyte rent that there of owte shall goo.

12. And yf thou may in any wyse,
Make thy chartyr on warantyse,
To thyn heyres and assygnes all so.
Thys shall a wyse purchasser doo;
And in tenne yere if ye wyse be.
Ye shall a geyne youre sylver see.

l'KKl'ACb\V ^Jtol i Y ;I xxvu


The longitude of men folowyng: —
Moyses, xiij fete & viij ynches & di,
Cryste, vj fote & iij ynches.
Our Lady, vj fote & viij ynches.
Crystoferus, xvij fote & viij ynches.
Kyng Alysaunder, iiij fote & v ynches.
Colbronde, xvij fote & ij ynches & di.
Syr Gy, x fote iij ynches & di.
Seynt Thomas of Caunterbery, vij fote save a ynche.
Long Mores, a man of Yrelonde borne, and servaunt to Kyng
Edward the iiij"', vj fote & x ynches & di.

B. — T7ie Marble Chair ; see page xxii.

I am favoured with the following observations by Mr. Henry
Brewer : —

In Smith's Westminster^ p. 258, is inserted a letter from one John
Cranch quoting the following passage from Bailey (the passage which, 1
suppose, you refer to in your letter to me) :

" At the upper end of Westminster Hall is a marble ^ stone ^ (sic)
[perhaps table or bench], of nineteen feet in length and three feet in
breadth, and a marble chair, where the Kings of England formerly sat at
their coronation dinners: and at other solemn times the Lord Chancellors,
but now not to be seen, being built over by the Courts of King'' s Bench
and Chancery " (p. 240). " It is to be wished that when the purposed
alterations of these places shall conomence, every lover of our monarchical
anticpiities will interest himself in the preservation of these venerable
rehcs, since the same barbarous insensibility that buried them alive will
scruple as little to profane or destroy them when disclosed.

'' John Cranch."

Appended to this letter is the following most valuable note:

" When this communication was delivered in writing by Mr. Smith to
Mr. Groves, Clerk of the Works of the Old Palace of Westminster, that


gentleman gave immediate orders for an investigation of the fact. But it
appears that the search was made close to the southern wall, and that he
was completely disappointed. It is highly probable that the chair and table
[he has here, I fancy, fallen into the mistake of confusing the architectural
expression a ' basement table,^ which really means a stone bench attached
to a ivall, with the ordinary idea of a table!] were placed at a distance

from the wall so that had the examination taken place at about

15 feet from the wall these relics might have been discovered. Is not
the title of Court of ' King''s Bench ' derived from this identical marble
bench? because it is well known that our early kings sat in parliament in
Westminster Hall."

This is very interesting, but to my mind it proves most distinctly that
the throne and bench had been destroyed before Mr. Groves made his
search. I think that the two facts taken together — 1. That this feature
is sometimes called a " bench," and sometimes a "table," and 2ndly, that
we always find these thrones and benches in combination attached to the
wall — go a very long way to prove that " the marble seat and bench in
Westminster Hall were attached to the south wall of the building." That
they must have been destroyed before Mr. Groves made his search is, I
think, certain, because had they existed they must have been discovered
when the interior of the hall was restored by Sir Robert Smirke for
George the Fourth's coronation; but Brayley, who relates most exactly
the discoveries in St. Stephen's Chapel, says nothing whatever about
them, and I have no doubt, myself, that they were destroyed in 1680,
when a doorway was cut through the south end of the Hall ; in fact, if, as
I suppose, the throne was attached to the wall, this doorway would have
exactly occupied its place.


Fkom Lambeth MS. 306.

Cront/cuUi/s of Englonde.

In tlic noble londe of Surrye'' was some tyme a greate kynge and
a myghty that was named Dioclesyan, and he was the moste
worthiest kynge than levinge on erthe, as the story seythe. And
this brevelye to precede, he hade by dyverse wifFes xxxiij*' doughteres,
the whiche were geven in to maryage to xxxiij'' kynges of dyverse
centres. And all the kynges were under Dioclesyan, and obedient
unto hym. And after it be fell so that thes wiiFes wexen so proude
and Sterne toward ther husbondes by one assent compleyned upon
hem to Dioclesyan the grete kynge ; and so ther fader were gretly
ainevid of ther governaunce; and so he gave his daughtres a grete
rebuke in prescns of all her husbondes. And so the nextc nyght
fblowynge for male talent and greate ire that they were so foule
blamed of ther fader through grete complaynte of ther husbondes,
they toke their counselle togeder, and thought to be avenged.
And so the nexte nyght by one assent thei cut her husbondis
throtes, and violensely they were slayne alle. And tho were all
the xxxiij" false women that were queues of diverse londis exiled
oute of all the londe of Surrye, and put into a shippe withouten
helpe of any man. And toke hem vitaile for halfe a yere or more,
and be toke hem to JMahonde and Appolyne to kepe. And so thei
were in the see longe and mony a daye. Till at the last thei were
drevyn in to this londe, that tho was all disserte and wildernesse
and full of wilde bestis. And than they come alande wher they
fonde no creature |)crin. Tiio salde Albyne, the eldest sister, I se

" Syria.



well by reyson that we ben the fyrst creatures tlvat ever came here;
wherefor I will have this lond called after my name, Albyon londe.
Tho levid they here in this londe as bestis by erbis and rotis, and
etc rawe flesshe and dranke wilde bestis blode, and so they wex
coragious and ranke, and desired gretely the feleshippe of men.
And tho came sprytes of the ayre and wonderly delld with hem,
and so they brought forthe giantes as the story reherseth, as Gogge,
Ma gogge and other; and so levid forthe the geauntes un till the
cominge of Brute.

Fro the begynnynge of the worlde unto the distruccion of the
grete cyte of'"' Troye was iiiJMHiij^^ and iiij yere. That is for to
sey, afor the Carnacion of Crist M^cxv yere. [Fro ]>^ begynnynge
of the worlde unto the destruccion of the grete cite of Troye was
M'iiij^'^ and iiij yere.]"^ And fro that tyme in to the comynge of
Brute fyrst into this londe was Ixxiiij yere. And that was by for
the Incarnacion m'xIj yere, &c.

Brute was a Trojane. Xhe fyrst kynge that ever was in this londe was Brutus, the
whiche was come of the gentill blode of Troye, as the storye telleth.
And he began first London, and named hit at that tyme Xcwe
Troye, because he was com of the lynage of the Troye. And also
he lette call this landc Brutayne after his name, and the people that
he brought with hym he named Brutones, and he yave his men
grete yeftis, and gaflfe hem londe to lyve upon, and they bilded
howses and bilded many townes through helpe of ther kynge Brute.
And when Brute had regned xxv yere than he dyed, and licth
at Newe Troye that nowe is called London. And ther he was
worthely entered, and he was xxx^^ yere of age or he was crowned
kynge of Brutayne. The some of his age or he dyed was Iv yere,
and that was be for the Incarnacion of Criste M^xvj yere.

Locryiie. Alftyr kynge Brutus regned his sonne Locryne, a gode knyglit

and a rayghty, and he regned but vj yere.

* tJtc grete cytc of. These words are interlined by a second hand, by which most
of the side-notes have been supplied.
^ Erased in the MS.


Aftir kyngc Locryne rcgncd Ins wilTc Gucndolyn, the whichc Gnendolync.
that hade a sonnc that higlit Madahan, ]7at was kyngc Locryncs' Madaban.
Sonne. And the quene kepte him in hlr governaunce till that he
was xx" wynter oldc. And than lie was made kyngc, and so
tlic quene rcgned xvj yere after Locryn dyed. And so regncd
!Madahan, that Avas Locryncs sonne, xxxij yere, and lythe at Ncwc

After him rcgned his sonne Mcmprice xxviij yere. Mempryce.

After hym regncd his sonne Eboranke/'' the which was a gode P'borank."
knyght and a myghty, for he conquered all the londe of Fraunce,
and gate grctc iimbre of gode. That whanc he come home a yene
he Ictc make a fayre cite and lete called after his name Eborawyke,"
that nowe men clepeth Yorke. And he hade by dyverse women
xx" sonnes and xxiij" doughtres; and iiis sonnes were grete lordys,
and conqured many centres. And this kyngc Eboranke '^ rcgned Ixj
yere; he dyed and lieth at Yorke.

After hym regncd his sonne Brute Greneshyld, the whiche was a Brute Grenesli[3l(l]
gode knyght and a worthy, and whan that he had regncd xxxij
yere he died, and lithe at Yorke. After regncd his sonne Lyell; Lyell.
he made the towne of Carlyll, he rcgned the full of xxiij yere, and
lycth at Karleyll ; and that time rcgned Kyngc Salamonde in Jeru-
salem. After that regned Lud Ludcbras, Lyell is sonne, ix yere. Lud Ludibras.
After hym regned Bladud, his sonne, the whiche was a grete negre- Bladud.
manccr, and he made the hote bathe be his sotill crafte of nigro-
mancyc; he regncd xxij yere.

After him regned Kyngc Leyre, a gode kyngc and a Avorthie, Leyre.
and he made the towne of Leysctcr; he rcgned xliiij yere.

Than rcgned Cordell, that was Leyres doughter, J;° whiche was Cordel.
Quene of Fraunce; she regned v yere.

After that regned Cordell sonne, that right Morgane and his Morgan,
brother Conadage ; thci departed the londe be twene hem, and
reo-ncd bothe to geder in pese xij yere. And after that fell a dis-

» In the names Eborank and Eborawyko, the "o" is inserted between b and r by
tbe second hand, both in the text and in the margin.





The fyrst kyng that
ever ware crowne of
golde in Englonde.






taunce, and Conadage slough Morgan. And after that Conadage
rcgned in rest and pece full xxx yere.

After hym regned his sonne Kegnolde, a gode knyght and an
liardye, and in his tyme hit reyned blode durynge iij dayes ; and
he regnid xxij yere, and lithe at Yorke.

After hym regned Corbodian in rest and pese xvij yere. Than
stode this londe dissolate withowten kynge xvj yere. Than was
ther an erle in Gornewale tliat hight Gloton ; and he hade a sonne
that heglit Doneband, and he was right eyre of this lande. And he
was the fyrst kynge ]?at ever wered crowne of golde in this londe;
and he hade ij sonnes, Beleyn and Bren ; he regned durynge xlj yere.
Aftir hym regned Kynge Beleyn, and he made Beleynges gate, with a
castell and a fayre towre, upon Temmesside ; he was a noble knyght,
for he conquerd Romayn and Lombardye; and whan he had regned
xij yere he dyed, and lieth at Newe Troye.

After hym regned his sonne Cornebatrus, a gode kny3t and a
worthye ; and he regned xxvj yere, and lieth at Newe Troye.

Aftyr hym regned his sonne Gwentholyn xxvj yere.

After him regned his sonne that heght Kynnore,^ and he regned
xix yere.

After hym regned his sonne Howayne |?e fers xj yere.

After him regned his sonne Morwyth J^e wekkyd ix yere.

After hym rcgned his sonne Seysell xvj yere.

After him regned his sonne Grandobodian, and he made the
toure of Grantam and Cambryge ; and he had iiij sonnes, Artogayll,
Ilesydere, Hygaraus, and Petiture, and whan Grandobodyan had
regnyd xij yere he dyed, and lithe at Newe Troye.

After him regned his cldeste sonne Arthogayle v yere, and for his
wekidnes the Bretons pute him downe and made his brother
Hesydcre kynge, and he regned v yere; and than Artogale put
downe Hesydcre, and so he regned a yene vj yere, and than he died,
and lieth at Grantham.

■^ The " " in this name is altered by another hand into " a."


After that Iligamus ami Petiturc departed t,hc londe by twenc ]ii^ranius nnd IVtytm-
licin both, and so they rcgnyd togeder vij ycrc; tho dyed lligamus, !'\l""/-|'"',' |'"' '"'"^
and a none after died Petiturc at the vij ycre ende.

And after that the Bretons crownydc llcsydcre kynge a yene, Ilcsyderc.
and tho he regned here in pees xvij ycrc, and licth at Ncwe Troye.
Some of the regno of thes xxiiij kynges vjc and ix yere.

After tliat regned xxxiij kynges in rest and pese everyche after
other, as the story tellcth, and how long tyme they regned.

Fyrst regned Grandabodian Eouse xiij yere and a halfe; item,
^Morgan regned vij yere; item, Eyghanas regned vj yere; item,
Edwalyn regned viij yere; item, Rolmgo Regina xj yere and di.;
item, Voghem regned xiij yere ; item, Ivatyll regned xv yere; item,
Porrex regnid vj yere ; item, Clicryneregnid xvij yere; item, CoyscU
rcgnide xij yere; item, Surgeus regned xiij yere; item, Andragic
regnid xviij yere; item, Uryan regnid vj ycre; item, Elyaud regnid
vij yere; item, Eldaux regnid v yere; item, Cornegund regnid vij
yere; item, Caphe regnid ij ycre and di. ; item, IMorthan regnid vj
yere; item, Bladagh regnid vj yere; item, Geen regnid vj yere; item,
Seysell blod regnid xxj yere; item, Grabreth regned xxij yere; item,
Archynall regnid xiiij yere; item, Errok regnid xxx yere; item,
Rodyngum regnid xxxj yere; item, Hertyer regnid vj yere; item,
Hamprey regnid vj yere; item, Carpoire regned vj ycre; item,
Dyngneyld regnid vij yere; item, Ragau regned xxij yere; item,
Samoell regnid xxiiij yere; item, Rede regned vj yere ; item, Kynge
Elye reind but halfe a yere. Summa of the regnie of xxxiij kynges, iicly.
ccclxxix yere. And this was a for the Incarnacion of Crist.

Fro the begynnyng of the worldc un to the regno of Kynge Lml.
Lud v:\L'cxlvij, &c.

After the dethe of Kynge Ely regnid his sone Lud the whiclie
turned the name of newe Troye to London, and he lete make a
fayre gate and called hit Ludgate after his name; he regned in pees
xj yere and lithe in Ludgate.

After him regnid his brother Cassibalaun, and in his tyme came Cassibalann.
July us Cesar into the londe and werred upon him longe tyme Julius Cesar






durynge vj yere, and after they were accorded. And Julyus Cesar
made the towre of London.

After that regnid Cassibalaun in pees xvij yere. After him
regned his brothers sonne Anddroughenne, whiche was Erie of
Cornewayle viij yere, and lieth at London.

After him regnid his sonne Kynge Kymbelyne, the whiche was
Tempore liu] us natus ^ gode man and right wele belovydc of the comon people, and in
the vj yere of his regno was our lord Jhesu Crist borne of the
Virgyn Marye. And he regnid after that xvj yere, and he had
ij sonnes Gynder and Armyger, and whan he had regned full xxvj
yere than he dyed, and lithe at London, &c.

After hym regnid his sonne Gyndere, a gode man and a trewe
to alle the comone people, and his tyme came the Emperour
Claudius in to this londe and made greate werre for a trewage
the whiche he chalanged of this londe. And the forsaide Kynge
Gynder was slayne in his place by tresoun of Hamond, the Emperour
sty ward ; he regned xij yere.

After hym regned Armynger, Gyngere broJ?er, and he made his
pese with Glaudyus, and he made the towne of Glowseter. And
after that Glaudyus went to Rome ayene. And then regned
Armyger in rest and pese all his lyle tyme; and in the vj yere of
his regno, as the story telleth, our lorde Jhesu Crist sufFred dethe
for redempcioun of manes soule; and whan he hade regned xxvj
yere he dyed at London.

After hym regnid his sonne Westmere, a gode knyght and an
hardy, and bilded in the northe partye of Brettayne, and called all
that contre after his name, Westmerland; and he regned xxvij
yere, and lith at Karlhill. After hym regnid his sonne Coyle, a
gode man and welbelovyd a monge all the people of Bretayne, and
well governed the londe in pese, and he regnid xxj yere. After
hym regned Goran the grete, in trouble and debate with his people
durynge xxij yere.

After hym regned his sonne Lucye, that was a gode kynge
and a trewe, and welbelovyd with all the comyne peple of the londe,


Hie passus est






ami he sent to Rome to Pope 1-^lcutliic ami desired to be a Cristcn- Anno Domini
m;in; and so the pope was ioyfull tlierof and sentt lieder ii lea-irates *^C.'J'^''J" ^'''•''^

.1 ..I- W D J r\i ^ r 1 • T' -r ^^. 1>1'"" [ns] Ciirist iiui is-

tliathighte Pagan and Ulybane for to baptice Kynge Lucyo and his sinms \u>[x\ An-iitu,
peple, and so he was the first cristcn kynge J;at ever was in this """""^ Lucuun.'^
londc. And fro Brute unto Lucye is m'cIxv yere. Tho was
Kynge Lucye crowned and regned kynge xxiij yere or he was
cristened aftyr that he regned liiij yere. Summa of his rcgne hxxvij
yere; tlian he dyed and lithe cnterred att London.

The yere of oure Lorde Jhesu Crist ccj, A"

After the dethe of Lucye this londe stode dissolate with outen
kynge and governour in grete werre amonges hem selfc for defiiute
of a kynge and governour durynge Lxij yere.

The yere of our Lord cclxiij.

And that tyme were the Eomayns govcrners of this londe, and
they chase amonge hem a kynge |;at hight Asclepades, the whiclie
regned in grete trouble vj yere.

After him regned Coyll, the whiche made the towne of Colchester Coyl.
and the castell of Dover. And in his tyme come a noble prince
from Rome that hight Constance, and he chalanged the trewagc
that the kynge oughte to pay to Rome. And Kynge Coyll grawnte
liim for to payc all that he ought to done of right. And so they
were acorded that this noble prince spowsed Kynge Coyll is Scynt Elyn.
doughter that high Elyn, the whiche was right eyre to the londe,
and she was a gode holy woman and a grete clerke. And whan
Kynge Coylc had regned xiiij yere he dyed, and lleth at Colchester.

After him regned Constauncc of Rome, for he had spoused VAeyn Constauncc.
that was Coylls doughter, and by hir he had a son that hight Con-
stantyne that was Seint Eleyns sonne, and this gode Kynge Con-
stance regned xv yere and lielh at Yorke.

" Luciiiiii. So ill MS. Tills marginal note is imitilated, tlie cdj^e oT the paper
having been cut by the binder, so that it is uncertain what the date assigned to
the conversion of J>ucius was. But it was most probably 1G;5 (clxiii), the L bcin"-
uow lost.


Constantyne. After that regnid his sonne Constantyne^ that was Seint Elyns —

Sonne, and in the ij yere of his regne come tidingis to the kynge
that a wode tyrawnte Maxence was come to Rome for to distroye
the cite, and he distroyed all the Cristen folke that he myght come

]\raitirizasio Sancte by ; and that same tyme was Seint Kateryne martered, the yere of our

Katcrine. Lorde CCCx. And when Costantyne herde tell ther of, he gedered -

a grete nombre of peple, and toke his moder with him, and wente to
Rome, and gate the cite, and slowe the Sarsynes, and distroyed all
that were in mys beleve, and after he was Emperour of Rome and
kynge of the londe. Tho was Octavyan, Erie of Cornwayle, warden
of the londe and keper under the emperour and kynge, and the x
yere of his regne he died at Rome the yere of our Lorde CCCxvij°.

Octaviau. After that was Octavyan, wardeyn of this londe, crownyd kynge,

and he regned durynge xvij yere.

Maxymyan. After him regnid j\Iaximean, that was Costantinges cosyne, and

he wedded Octavians doughter; and he went over the see in to the
londe of Morycon^ and conquerd the londe and called hit Litell
Brettayn; and tho he made Canon Meredok kyng of that londe.
And aftir this was done Maximian went to Rome and was made

Ursula, a Erles cmperour the xj yere of his regne. And the same yere Seint Ursula,

dou[ghtei] of Corn- ^^^^ j^^.^^g doughter of Cornwale, was sent over the see with xj m^
maydenes in to Lytell Bretayne, and tho ]>ei were drevyn with
tempest in to Holondc ; and ther was a Saresyn kynge of that londe
that hight Gawhan, and he brought all the forsaide maydenes to
Coleyne, and ther they were martered the yere of our Lord cccxlvj.

Gawhan. A none after came Gawhan into this londe and warred upon Cristen

peple many a yere ; and the lordis of this londe were at grete de bate
within hem selfe, and j^erfore were the Suresynes myche the more
the bolder, and at that tyme was no kynge ne governor in this
londe, wher for the Brutis made grete mone and sorowe. And at

>rartiri/,acio Sancti that tyme was Seint Albone niarterd, the yere of our Lorde
" Over the name " Constantyne " in the text is written by the annotator
"Emperowrc." ^ Armorica.



CCclxxviij. Tho sent tlic Brctoncs to Koine for socourc and liclpe
for to dryve outc the Sarsynes of this londe and to save the Cristen
people. After that came a worthi prince from Home that was
called Grayne, and brought with him xxiiij thousande of fyghting Graync.
men, and came in to this londe, and chasid oute the Sarsynes, and
Gowhan fled home into his owne contre. And this trouble dured in
this londe xlj yere. And than Gracyan was crownyd kynge of this Gracyan.
londe. After he wax so stoute and stere a yens the Bretens that thei
lovid him nought, and the thred ycrc of his regine he was slayne,
the yere of our Lorde Ixxxx*^.

After that came Gouhan ayene in to this londe and werred and Gouhan.

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Online LibraryJames GairdnerThree fifteenth-century chronicles, with historical memoranda by John Stowe, the antiquary, and contemporary notes of occurrences written by him in the reign of Queen Elizabeth → online text (page 3 of 20)