James H. (James Hadden) Smith.

History of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers online

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Gridley, it was voted that the number of trustees
of said church be five, two of whom should be
chosen for the term of one year, one for the term
of two years, and two for the term of three years.
Orville Dakin and Alexander McAllister were
then chosen for one year, Alanson Colver, for two
years, and Nicholas D. Eggleston and Nathaniel
Gridley for three years.



TOWN OF NORTH EAST.



251



" It was then voted that the church be known by
the name of 'Spencer's Ccyners Methodist Episco-
pal church.

Alonzo F. Selleck, Chairman. ^
Alexander Winchell, Secretary.
Nathaniel Gridley, ^ Presiding officers of
Orville Dakin, j said meeting."

This was duly recorded February 7, 1843, in
the Clerk's office of Duchess County.

The next is an agreement for the land, and then
the minutes of another meeting in which John W.
Snyder figures in procuring a vote for a gallery in
the house, and these are all the records which have
been discovered relating to the Spencer's Corners'
chapel.

The first record of the North East Centre
church, of which anything is known, is under date
of 1842, and is a record of an election of trustees.
The first mention of pastor is of Rev. D. C. Ben-
jamin. In 1847 appear the names of sixty-four
members, divided into classes, under different
leaders, with Denton Keeler as pastor.

Under date of April 2, 1859, is found the follow-
ing.:—

" The trustees of Millerton beg leave to report
that they have purchased a lot on which they have
erected a church edifice which costs, with the said
lot, the sum of $4,500. That they have paid
$3,700. That there is now in subscriptions
$450.00. That there is a debt of $350.00."

This relates to the present church edifice.

From 1842 to 1881 the succession of pastors
has been as follows : —

Rev. A. F. Selleck 1842

Rev. D. C. Benjamin 1845-46

Rev. Denton Keeler 1847-48

Rev. J. Keys 1849

Rev. J. L. Dickerson 1850-51

Rev. J. N. Robinson 1852

Rev. A. N. Mulnix 1853

Rev. A. H. Ferguson 1854-5S

Rev. W. G. Browning 1856-57

Rev. A. E. Gallahue 1858-59

Rev. W. E, Clarke i860

Rev. Thomas Edwards 1861-62

Rev. T. B, Andrews 1863-64

Rev. Philip Germond 1865-67

Rev. Robert Hunt 1868-70

Rev. Aaron Coons 1871-72

Rev. Marvin R. Lent 1873-75

Rev. Wm. A. Mackay 1876-78

Rev. James H. Michell 1879-81

The War of the Rebellion.

No complete record was made of the men who
served from this town in the late war. The fol-
lowing list was gleaned partly from official and



partly from private sources, and is manifestly in-
complete. We give it, however, as it was given
us, to preserve at least a few of the names of those
who fought for their country in that eventful
struggle.

gisf Regt. N. Y. S. Vols. Enlistments of 1861;
Co. E. — John McGinnis ; Thomas O'Haran, died
in the service in 1865; John Taylor, died in the
service in 1863 ; Henry F. Benedict, died in 1866 ;
Michael Farlin, Co. H., died in 1862 ; Jeremiah
Price; Perry Knickerbacker,* and Michael Rowe.f

\2%th Regiment, Co. B. — William E. Hamilton,
(Corporal,) William H. Spielman, Edward Cairn,
Michael Sullivan, James Campbell, L. Van Al-
styne, Leonard Loucks, Charles H. Ferris,
George Bishop, Jacob Burch, John R. Wooden,
Walter H. Loucks and William Palmer.

Co. i^— Theodore V. Smith, Theodore Simp-
son and Patrick Connors.

Company unknown. — George S. Drake, E.
Knickerbacker, Seneca H. Marks, George M.
Luban, William Parker, George Storey, John C.
Thome,! Edgar J. Caine, Jacob Coon and Walter
Fish.

■Lt^oth Regiment, Co. Z>.§— Theodore Templeton,
Corporal ; Francis [or Frank] Wood, Corporal.

Irving E. Ayres, James DeLancy, Sanford
Eggleston, Charles E. French, Henry Mayhew,
William H. Myers,! Joseph McGhee, John Mc-
Laughlin, John . Mayhew, William W. Palmer,
Lewis Reed, George M. Scribner, Charles H.
Scribner, George N. Birch, Martin C. Palmer, ||
George Cook,|| James E. Myers, || Patrick Mc-
Cune.|! George Reed and Freeman Thurston died
in the service.

Company unknown.— (^QO^g^ Brusie, Edward
French, Theodore H. Myers, M. C. Palmer,
Robert W. Phelps, Chauncy Phelps, J. C. Smith,**
George F. Wilson, Phoenix Bockee,tt Daniel
Bishop, Peter Melius and George T. Wilson.

Scattering.— M.. Woodin, 47th Regiment ; John
Wooden, 5th Conn. Regiment; David Killmer,
9th Conn. Regiment ; Samuel Reed, First N. Y.
Mounted Rifles; Horace Gilbert, i6th Artillery;
John Lindsey.tt 20th B attalion. __^__

* Enlisted in 1864.

t Michael Rowe was a Corporal. He is now a landlord in Millerton.

X Died in Pine Plains in 1865.

§ This company was mustered into the service October 11, i86j, and
was mustered out June 8, 1865.

t Died about 1866.

II Those marked with a parallel were transferred to other regiments
and the Veteran Reserve Corps

»• Now a dentist in Washington, D. C.

tt Assistant in Q. M. Department.

XXJixA about i879-



252



HISTORY OF DUCHESS COUNTY.



Regiments unknown. — Henry Smith, * John Swart,
Chandler C. Dresser, Levi Van Wagner, H. S. New-
comb, W. E. Ostram, Francis Frank, Joseph Frank,
T. J. Gilbert, Ira Marshall, Cornelius Morris, John
H. Fuller and Sidney Pratt.



CHAPTER XXII.
History of Rhinebeck.

THE town of Rhinebeck lies in the north-
western part of the county, on the Hudson
River. It is bounded on the north by Red Hook ;
on the east by Milan and Clinton ; on the south
by Hyde Park and CUnton ; the Hudson River
forming the western boundary.

The principal streams are Rhinebeck creek and
Landsman's kill. Rhinebeck creek is named because
it has its main springs in that part of the town which
was laid out for the " High Dutchers," and called
"Rein Beek," or " Rynbeek." Its course runs
through level meadow land. Landsman's creek was so
named either from the fact that all its waterfalls,
capable of turning a mill, were reserved by the
"landsman," or landlord, in his sales to the settlers;
or because it was first settled upon by Casper Lands-
man, whose name is found in the old church records.
These two streams meet in the Fritz mill-pond, at
which point the Rhinebeck creek terminates, and
from there to the river is known as Landsman's
creek. Just below this junction, the stream falls
over a rocky precipice some sixty feet, forming a
beautiful cascade known as Beechwood Falls.f
This creek at one time turned a grist and saw-mill
at the river; a grist-mill and woolen factory in Fox
Hollow; a paper-mill at the falls; a saw-mill, oil
mill and a woolen-mill at the junction; a grist-
mill west of the post-road ;| a grist-mill and woolen
factory east of the post-road ; a grist-mill east of
the village;! a saw-mill and Schuyler's woolen
factory further east; and Rutsen's grist and saw-
mill at Mrs. Miller's place. Of these mills, that at
Fox Hollow was burned many years ago, the paper
mill at the falls later, Ludekke's mill at the junc-
tion, and the two mills at the post-road a few years
ago. A grist and saw-mill at the junction are all
now remaining to the town.

Rhinebeck was formed as a town March 7, 1788,
It contains 21,636 acres, and at th e last census had

*Dead. ' '

t Called by a Rhinebeck poet the " Buco Bush," (Beechwood).
» } Built by Gen. Richard Montgomery.
J Known as Isaac Davis' mill.



a population of 3,902.* Red Hook was taken off
and formed into a separate township in i8i2.t
These two towns — Rhinebeck and Red Hook —
formed a part of Rhinebeck Precinct. Rhinebeck
Precinct, which, in addition to these towns, em-
braced a portion of Hyde Park, was organized De-
cember r6, 1734. The viritual existence of this
section, then, as a legally organized area, began in
1734 — one hundred and forty-seven years ago.

It is not known who were the first officers of the
precinct.

The first deeds for lands in Rhinebeck were
granted by the Indians in 1686. The first deed
bears date of June 8, r686, and is a transfer on the
part of Aran Kee, Kreme Much, and Korra Kee,
Indians, to Gerrit Artsen, Arie Rosa and Jan
Elton, of " a certain parcell of land, lying upon
the east shore, right ovgr against the mouth of the
Redout Creek, bounded between a small creek and
the river." The considerations of this purchase were
six buffaloes, four blankets, five kettles, four guns,
five horns, five axes, ten cans of powder, eight shirts,
eight pairs of stockings, forty fathoms of wampum, or
sewant, two drawing knives, two adzes, ten knives,
half anker rum, one frying pan, with which pay-
ment, to be made on the first of November ensuing,
the Indians were bound to give a free transport
and license to the purchasers.

" Upon ditto the sale of the land the same In-
dians acknowledge to have given unto Gerrit Art-
sen, Arie Rosa and Jan Elton-, a valley situate
eastward from the land bought by them, named
Mausakenning, and' a path to the same, upon ap-
probation of his honor, on the 8th day of June,
1686, Kingston.

His

Aran m Kee,

mark.
His

Kreme O Much,

mark.
* His

Korra — Kee."

mark.

This was signed in the presence of Benjamin
Provoost, Jan Jorken and Henry Elison, Commis-
sioners. This land, called by the Indians " Mau-
sakenning, " was a meadow now known as Jaco-
myntie's Fly.| .

The second, and only other Indian deed, is to
Hendrick Kip. It bears date July 28, 1686, states
no consideration or boundaries, and is not on record



• 1870—3,719; 1875—5,763-

t According to the census of 187s, the combined area of the two towns
is 42,243 acres.

X Probably so named for the wife of Jan Eltinge, one time the owner of
the Fly. He conveyed it to Henry Beekman, in 1689, who conveyed it
back to his heirs in 1705.



TOWN Ot kUlNJEBfeCIt.



2S3



in the Clerk's office of Ulster county. What is
said to be the original deed is in the possession of
William Bergh Kip, of this town.

The land conveyed to Artsen, Rosa and Elton,
by the first deed, lies below a line run due east from
the river where it is entered by the small creek
between the Radclift and Hutton premises, to the
Rhinebeck Creek, and includes all that lies be-
tween the said creek and river to Vanderburgh's
Cove. On the north of this tract lies the land con-
veyed to Hendrick Kip by the second deed, which
includes all between the said creek and river to a
line run due west to the river from the Hog Bridge.
The Artsen ante-dates the Kip deed by forty-eight
days, but, one referring to the other, the lands were
doubtless purchased from the Indians on the same
day, with the understanding that they were to be
covered by the same Royal Patent, which, cover-
ing both, was granted by Thomas Dongan, Gover-
nor-in-Chief over the Province of New York, on
the second day of June, 1688.* The original of
this patent fell into the hands of the Rosa family,
and descended from them, through the Van Elten
family to John N. Cramer, from whom it passed
into the possession of the late Hon. William Kelly,
whose lands are all within the limits of the territory
which is conveyed; The lands conveyed by it lie
between Landsman's and Rhinebeck creeks and
the river, and extend from Vanderburgh's Cove
north to a line drawn directly west from the Hog
Bridge to the river.

There is no evidence that the lands conveyed by
this patent were occupied by the owners before
the year 1700. It is not certain that there was a
single settler in the town of Rhinebeck anywhere
before that year. The lands were divided among
the partners May 26, 1702, by deeds to each from
all the others, on record in the office of the Ulster
county Clerk, in Kingston.! ' Of the lands pur-
chased from the Indians by the Kips, Hendrick
Kip took two-thirds of his share on the south and
one-third on the north of the tract, Jacob taking his
share in one lot between Hendrick's two parcels.

Having set over to the Kips their share, the
other three partners divided their share into six
parcels, and assigned two to each. In this assign-
ment, lots one and four became the property of
Arie Rosa ; two and five of Roeloff, oldest son of
Jan Elton, deceased ; and three and six of Gerrit
Artsen.

* Recorded in the Secretary's office for the Province of New York, in
Lib. No. 2, begun i6S6, page 349.

t Duchess County, organized in 1683, was provisionally attached to
Ulster county, because of its scanty population, until 1713.



The Kips were the first to build and settle in
what is now the town of Rhinebeck. A small
stone house was built on Hendrick Kip's south
lot, with what are supposed to be two port holes
under the eaves, looking toward the river. On the
east side of this house is a stone lintel with this
inscription distinctly cut : " 1 700 H K A K,"
which are evidently the initials of Hendrick Kip
and Annatje Kip, his wife. The time of the erec-
tion of the house evidently accords with that year.*
The house at the Long Dock, now the property of
Frederic G. Cotting, is near the south side of the
land which fell to Jacob Kip. The stone part of
this house has in the front wall a stone very dis-
tinctly inscribed, "1708."- This was, doubtless,
Jacob Kip's house, built in this year. The name
of the Kips was given to the whole of the grant to
Artsen, Rosa, Elton, and Hendrick Kip, and it
was for a long time known as " Kipsbergen." This
name is met for the first time in 17 12, in a deed
from Laurens Osterhout, the owner of lot number
one, the south end of the patent, to Jacobus Van
Elten, for a lot of land in Hurley, Ulster county, in
which he refers to himself as a resident of " Kips-
bergen in Duchess County.'' In 1714, Gerrit Art-
sen became the owner, by purchase from the heirs
of Jan Elton, of nearly two-thirds of the land
covered by the Indian deed to Artsen, Rosa and
Elton.

In 1 7 16, he sold to his son-in-law, Hendricus
Heermance, all the land included in number three,
and referred to it as a part of the land called
" Kipsbergen,'' " bounded northerly by lot num-
ber four, easterly by a creek on which Henry Beek-
man's corn-mill stands, southerly by lot number
two, and westerly by Hudson's river."

Again, in the record of the marriage of Roeloff
Kip to Sarah Dumon, January 9, 1721, it is said
" He was from Kipsbergen, she from Kingston ; "
and, later still, the record of the marriage of Nicho-
las VanWagenen to Maria Kip, November 31,
173 1, says they were "both born and living in
Kipsbergen." It is therefore clear that the name
was applied to the whole patent from 17 12 to
1 73 1, and that at the latter date the name of Rhine-
beck had not yet been applied to that immediate
section.

The name Rhinebeck came through the Pala-
tines who settled on the Beekman patent. A pre-

*This is the house Tjetween the village of Rhinebeck and the river,
which Lossmg says was built by William Beekman, the first settler, and
of which Martha J. Lamb, the historian of New York, says: " William
Beekman purchased all the region of Rhmebeck from the Indians, and
built a small stone house, which is still standing."-



254



HISTORY OF DUCHESS COUNTY.



viously written history,* says William Beekman,
settled several poor families from the banks of the
Rhine, in the autumn of 1647, "and founded the
Httle village of Rhinebeck. " There is no record
of lands purchased from the Indians in 1647, or at
any other time by William Beekman, in what is
now the town of Rhinebeck. Henry Beekman, the
son of William, in 1695, according to the "Calen-
dar of Land Papers, " petitioned the government
for a patent for land in Duchess County, lying op-
posite Esopus creek, and known by the name of
Sepeskenot, for which lands he received a patent
April 22, 1697. They were defined as "lying to the
north of Hendrick Kip, and alongst Hudson's river,
to the bounds of Major Peter Schuyler, containing
in length about four miles, and in breadth into the
woods as far as the bounds of the said Major
Schuyler, " for the which he was to pay every year
forever next and after the expiration of seven years,
upon the first day of annunciation (March 25th),
at the city of New York, the yearly rental of forty
shillings. This bears date April 22, 1697. Lord
Bellomont, in a letter to Secretary Popple, July 7,
1698,1 says of this patent: —

" One Henry Beekman, a Lieut. Coll : in the
Militia, has a vast tract of land as large as the
Midling county of England, for which he gave
Fletcher^ a hundred dollars, about 25 pounds En-
glish, and I am told he values his purchase at
^S,ooo."

This patent, however, did not define, as fully
and accurately as Beekman desired, the bounda-
ries of the lands, and he obtained another in the
place of it June 25, 1703. The new patent gave
the boundaries as : —

" All that tract of land in Duchess County * *
situate * * on the east side of Hudson's river,
beginning at a place called by the Indians Quan-
ingquious, over against the Klyne Sopuseffly, be-
ing the north boupds of the land called Pawhng's
purchase ; from thence extending northerly by the
side of the Hudson's river aforesaid, until it comes
to a stone creek, over against the Kallcoon Hoek,
which is the southerly bounds of the land of Col.
Peter Schuyler ; from thence so far east as to reach
a certain pond called by the Indians Waraugh-
keemeek, and from thence extending southerly by
a line parallel to Hudson's river * * until a line
run from the place where first began easterly into

* By Peter A. Jay.

t Doc. Hist., Vol. IV., Page 327.

t Col. Benjamin Fletcher was Governor over New York, and was one
of the most corrupt officials the province ever had. Lord Bellomont
compUinsofhim that he made grants to persons of no merit. Under
his mismanagement it is quite probable that numerous extensive grants
were obtained, if not fraudulently, at least under conditions far from
ju^ as regarded remuneration. Even this patent, as the text shows,
covered land already patented by others, which, it should seem, could
not have been the result of mere ignorance.



the woods does meet the said parallel line.
Bounded westerly by the Hudson's river, northerly
by the lands of the said Peter Schuyler, easterly by
the said parallel line, and southerly by the line
drawn from the place where it was first begun, and
meeting the said parallel line, which is the north-
ern bounds of the said land before called Pawling's
purchase."

Henry Beekman's lands, then, by the terms of
this patent, were carried to the point where the
Saw kill enters the river, — to the creek between
the Bard and Barton property, in Red Hook, —
and included the lands patented to Artsen, Rosa
and Elton, called Kipsbergen, and thus embraced
more than Beekman was entitled to or able to
hold. Schuyler crowded him back to the Kttle
creek called " Stein Valetie," the point on the
river which divides the present towns of Rhinebeck
and Red Hook. There \s no evidence that Henry
Beekman ever disputed the vaUdity of the Arisen
patent or claimed any part of the land covered by
it. But his son, Henry, evidently pretended to
have a claim to the whole or part of the land ;
and when, in 1726, he procured the land which
fell to the share of Hendrick Kip, the son of the
patentee, by an exchange of lands therefor in his
purchase from Peek DeWitt, in the Schuyler
patent, he went through the formaUty of waiving
his claim to "all such right, estate, interest and de-
mand whatsoever, as he the said Henry Beekman
had or ought to have in or to all that certain tract
or parcel of land in Duchess county, which tract of
land is heretofore granted to Captain Arie Rosa,
John Elton and others in company." * * »

In 17 10, when Col. Robert Hunter came from
England to assume the governorship of New York,
he brought with him some four thousand Germans
from the Palatinate, on the Rhine. An account of
these people who settled on the Hudson river, which
was rendered to the British government by Gover-
nor Hunter, August 7, 1718, placed thirty-five
families, containing one hundred and forty persons,
besides the widows and children, in Rhinebeck. It
is not definitely known in what year these people
entered upon Beekman's patent, but it is quite
certain that they gave the name to the town.

November 29, 17 14, the elder Henry Beek-
man sold to Peter and William Ostrander a tract
of one hundred and twenty-four acres of land, "the
whole being bounded to the northwest by a hillj
to the northeast by the lands of said Beekman
Md out for the High Butchers'' The deed further
describes these lands as lying in Duchess County,
at Ryn Beek. Part of this land is now included



TOWN OF RHINEBECK.



25s



in the farm of Thomas Reed. The other part
reached the post-road, is now the property of
William Van Steenburgh, and was owned by Dr.
Ananias Cooper, before the Revolution, who built
the brick and stone house now thereon, af the
post-road, still known as the "Cooper House."
On February 28, 17 15, Henry Beekman gave to
Jacob Kip, of " Kipsbergen," a deed for eighty-
nine acres of land in Duchess County, at Ryn
Beek. This land joined that of the Ostranders,
and embraced the land about the Hog Bridge,
and doubtless the homesteads of Charles I.
Kramer and William Van Steenburgh, and a part
of the Hoffman farm. The deed says, "The said
Beekman has further bargained and sold unto ye
aforesaid Kip * * * all the high land that
lies between ye said Jacob Kip's east bounds or
lyne to ye southern bounds of Peter and William
Ostrander." The survey for these lands was made
by John Beatty, Deputy Surveyor, November 29,
1714; and he says, on his map, "On ye bounds
of ye said Coll. Beekman, called Reinebaik, in
Duchess County."

The "High Dutchers" above mentioned were
the Palatines placed in Rhinebeck by Governor
Hunter's report in 17 18, and the lands laid out for
them lay north of the Hog Bridge, and principally
about the old German Reformed Church at Pink's
Corner. The name Ryn Beek was confined to
these lands for many years by the early settlers,
and is thought to be written for the first time in the
deed to Peter and William Ostrander, in 1714.
They did not get their deeds until October 20, 1 7 1 8,
two years after the death of Henry Beekman, the
patentee. There are now to be seen about a
dozen of these deeds, all bearing that date. A
census of the county, taken in 17 14, found but
sixty-seven heads of families in the county. The
names of those located in what are now Rhinebeck
and Red Hook are easily distinguished. They are
Holland and Huguenot, and thus tell us that the
Palatine founders of Rhinebeck had not taken
possession of their lands when this census was
taken. They probably came here in 17 15. It is
possible that Beekman intended that the name
Ryn Beek should apply to the whole of his grant,
as the name of the Kips applied to the entirety
of the grant to Arisen, Rosa, Elton and Kip.
The adoption of the name was gradual. When,
in 1729, the German Reformers bought out the
interest of the I.utherans in the old Rhinebeck
church, in the mutual conveyances the church was
located at "Rhynbeek." When, in 1730, the



lands on the Flats were laid out for the " Low
Dutchers " or Hollanders, they were described as
being " in Duchess County, in the North Ward,
situated on the southwesterly side of a large plain
near the now grist-mill of the said Henry Beekman."
Nothing was said of Rhinebeck. Apparently, the
name was confined to the land laid out for the
High Dutchers until the organization of the
Precinct, December 16, 1734. The name Rhine-
beck was then legally applied to the entire territory
embracing all of Pawling's purchase on the South;*
all of the present town of Red Hook, on the
north; and all of the patent of Artsen, Rosa,
Elton and Kip, which then ceased to be distinct-
ively known as Kipsbergen. f

The first installment of these Palatines came in
the ship Lyon, which arrived in the Port of New
York in June, 17 10. Governor Hunter purchased
from Robert Livingston a tract of land on the
Hudson River, "consisting of 6,000 acres, for
;^4oo of this country money, that is ^^266 En-
glish, for the planting of the greatest division of the
Palatines."

On November 14, 17 10, Governor Hunter
addressed the Board of Trade, in England, as
follows : —

" I have now settled the Palatines on good lands
on both sides of the Hudson River, about one
hundred miles up, adjacent to the pines. I have
planted them in five villages, three on the east side
of the river, upon the 5, 000 acres I have purchased
of Mr. Livingston, about two miles from Rowlof
Jansen's Kill, the other two on the west side, near
Sawyer's Creek. ***** The land on the
west side belongs to the Queen, and each family
hath a sufficient lot of good arable land, and ships



Online LibraryJames H. (James Hadden) SmithHistory of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 52 of 125)