James H. (James Hadden) Smith.

History of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers online

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Online LibraryJames H. (James Hadden) SmithHistory of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 54 of 125)
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They had but one child — the late Miss Mary
Garrettson, who was born September 8, 1794, and
died March 6, 1879, and who was buried with her
father and mother in a vault attached to the Meth-
odist Episcopal Church in the village of Rhinebeck.
Gertrude Livingston, the seventh child of Rob-
ert R. Livingston and Margaret Beekman, married
Morgan Lewis in May, 1779. They had one child,
Margaret, born February 5, 1780. This was Mar-
garet Beekman's first grandchild. She married
Maturin Livingston, May 29, 179^.

Morgan Lewis was the son of Francis Lewis, a
member of the Continental Congress, in 1776, and
a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He
was Aide to General Gates and Quartermaster-
General of the Northern Army in the Revolution.
He received a thorough education, and became a
lawyer. In i789-'9o-'92, he was a member from
New York city of the lower house in the State
Legislature, Attorney-General in 1791, and in
1 80 1, Chief Justice from' Rhinebeck. In 1804,
he was elected Governor over Aaron Burr, and
in 1807 was defeated by Daniel D. Tompkins.
In i8ii-'i2-'i3-'i4, he was State Senator for the
Middle District, which included Duchess County.
He was made Quartermaster-General of the United
States Army in 181 2, by President Madison, which
office he resigned in March 1813, accepted that of
Major-General, and served honorably in the war
then being waged with England. Margaret Beek-
man gave to her daughter Gertrude, a deed, bear-
ing date January 5, 1790, for the Rhinebeck lands,
which covered nearly, if not entirely, all the lands
deeded to Henry Beekman by his father in 17 13.
In that same year, Morgan Lewis bought from
Johannes Van Wagenen, for five dollars, the privilege
to build a dam in the creek where it ran against
his premises. He did not build the mill at once
and probably not before 1800. The road through
Fox Hollow was not in existence in 1798, and
there was no mill there at that date. The road to
Governor Lewis' landing is first named in the old
town records in i8o6. Several miles south of his



wife's Rhinebeck lands, in the town of Clinton, which
became Hyde Park in 1821, Governor Lewis built
a mansion, on lands which he purchased from the
executor of Mrs. Lewis Morris, of Morrisania, in
1792. In what year he built this house is not
known, but it is learned that it was destroyed by
fire in 1832. Governor Lewis died in New York,
April, 7, 1844, aged ninety, and his remains were
interred in the Episcopal cemetery at Hyde Park.

Edward Livingston married twice : first Mary
McEvers, in April, 1798 ; second Louise Moreau
de Lassy, in June, 1805,* He had three children
by the first wife and one by the second. Those
by the first were, Charles Edward, born in 1790 j
Julia Eliza Montgomery, born in 1794; Lewis,
born in 1798. All of these died young and un-
married. The child by the second wife was Cora
L., who married Thomas P. Barton, of Philadel-
phia, in April, 1833. They had no children.
Mary McEvers, the first wife, died in March, 1801.
The second wife died in October, i860. Thomas
P. Barton died in April, 1869. Cora Livingston
Barton died in May, 1873, ^^'^ thus passed away
the family of Edward Livingston, the tenth and
last child of Margaret Beekman.

Edward Livingston was one of the most promi-
nent men of his day. He was Member of Congress
from the City of New York in 1794, re-elected in
1796-98, and appointed Attorney-General of the
United States for the district of New York, in the
same year, and filled both offices. He was Mayor
of New York in 1798. He moved to New Orleans,
from whence he was elected to Congress in
r822, and re-elected twice thereafter. In 1829 he
was State Senator for Louisiana; Secretary of
State for the United States in May, 1831 ; resigned
the office on the 29th of May, 1833, and on the
same day was appointed Minister to France.
This office he retained until 1835, when he re-
turned to America and retired to Montgomery
Place, in Red Hook, where he purposed to pass
the remnant of his life in the pursuit of agriculture,
and diqd, as before stated. May 23, 1836.

On the I St of October, 1836, Mrs. Louise Liv-
ingston sold all the lands in the village of Rhine-
beck, which became hers by the will of her hus-
band, to William B. Piatt, John T. Schryver, Free-
born Garrettson, Rutsen Suckley.f John Armstrong
and Walter Cunningham, for $19,600.

Of the Kips who were the first to settle in what
is now the town of Rhinebeck, John, the eldest

• This was the young widow of a gentleman from Jamaica, whose
maiden name was D'Avezac.

son of Hendrick Kip,* was baptized at Kingston,
March 31, 1678. He married Lysbet Van Kleeck,
at Kingston, September 28, 1703. They had chil-
dren baptized at Kingston as follows : Hendri-
cus, September 3, 1704; Baltus, March 17, 1706;
Baltus, May 23, 1707'; Matthew, October 31,
1708; Tryntje, May 7, 1710; Barent, January
27, T712 ; Annatje, January 24, 1714; Baltus,
September 4, 1715 ; Jacob, January 12, 17 18.

Jacob Kip, the patentee, died in 1733. He had
nine children as follows : — Isaac, baptized Febru-
ary 9, 1696, married Cornelia Lewis, January 7,
1720; Roeloff, born October 31, 1697; Jacobus,
born November 26, 1699; Rachel, twin sister to
Jacobus; Eva, born April 15, 1707; Catalyntie,
baptized at Albany, February 18, 1705; Johannes;
Maria, born February 18, 1709; Abraham, born
January 24, 17 14.

The landed estate of Jacob Kip was divided
among these nine children at his death. The chil-
dren all married, and the five sons all had families,
and gave a large infusion of Kips to the early pop-
ulation, and yet the name, like that of nearly all of
the old Holland settlers, has nearly died out.
There is but one of the name left on the territory
of ancient Kipsbergen, nearly all of whose lands
have come to him by right of inheritance from his

Isaac Kip's wife, Cornelia Lewis, was the daugh-
ter of Leonard Lewis and Elizabeth Hardenburgh,
his wife, born November 9, 1692. He died July
2, 1762 ; she July 10, 1772. Their children were :
Elizabeth, born April 9, 1721; Leonard, 1725;
Rachel, 1726; Elizabeth, 1728; Isaac, 1732;
Abraham ; Jacobus. Of these, Leonard, married
Elizabeth Marschalk, April 11, 1763. He died in
1804; she in 1818. Their son, Leonard, married
Maria Ingraham. He was born in 1774, she in
1784. Their son, WiUiara Ingraham, married
Elizabeth Lawrence, and became Bishop of Cali-
fornia. Their son, Isaac, married Sarah Smith.
Rev. Dr. Francis M. Kip was their son, and Sarah
Smith Kip, wife of William C. Miller, of Albany,
their daughter. The latter were the parents of
William A. Miller, at one time pastor of the Re-
formed Dutch Church of Rhinebeck.

Roeloff', the second son of Jacob Kip, the
patentee, married Zara, daughter of John the
Baptist Du Mont, of Kingston, February 9, 1721.
They had ten children, of whom John the Baptist

* In Col. Hist. Vol. I, p. 432, in the "Remonstrance from New
Netherland," we find this regarding him : " Hendrick Kip is a tailor,
and has neversuffered anything in New Nctherland to our knowledge."
It is not known when he died ; but he was dead in 17'9-



Kip, baptized February 28, 1725, married Catha-
rine, probably the daughter of Andries Heermance
and Neeltje Van Wagenen, baptized April 14,
1728. They had seven children. Of these seven,
Andrew, born 1761, married Sarah, daughter of
Jacobus Kip, born 1772, and had children as follows:
Clarissa, John, James, Catharine, Andrew, Sarah
and Jane. Of these there are no descendants.
Gerritt, son of John the Baptist Kip, baptized June
12, 1767, married Clarissa, daughter of Jacobus
Kip, and had as children : Catharine, Henry James,
Clarissa and William. Of these, Henry James,
born June 15, 1805, alone had a descendant —
William Bergh Kip, born October 14, 1846. Will-
iam Bergh Kip is, therefore, a lineal descendant
from Jacob, the patentee, in the sixth generation.
He is the possessor of nearly two hundred of the
ancestral acres, and a fine country seat on the
Hudson, which he has named " Ankony," in honor
of the Indian chief from whom the land was
originally purchased. He is the present supervisor
[i88i,J of the town, and is an intelligent, public-
spirited man.

Gerrit Arisen, the patentee, married Clara,
daughter of Evert Pels and Jannetje Symens,
who was baptized in New York September 10,
1651, and became a member of the Kingston
church in 1666. He had ten children who took
Van Wagenen for a family name, after the Dutch
custom, because his father came from a place in
Holland called Wageninge, in Gilderland, ten
miles west of Arnheim. Of these ten children,
four, (^Evert, Barent, Annatje and Goosen Van-
Wagenen) are known to have become the owners
and settlers upon the Artsen, and the larger part of
the Elton share of the patent.

Of these four, Annatje Van Wagenen married
Hendricus Heermance, who bought and settled on
lot number three, the original Ellerslie farm. In
his will, dated March 23, 1750, he gave to his
wife during her widowhood, the use of one-half of
the farm, and to his son, Hendricus, "all that
whole piece of land or farm whereon we now at
present are both residing, with all that depends
thereon." How long Hendricus Heermance,
Jr., continued in the possession of the property
after the death of his father, in 1750, is not

In 1789 the property is found in the possession
of Jacobus Kip, the grandson of Jacob Kip, the
patentee. From him, after his death in 1795, this
pr|)perty passed to his son-in-law, Major Andrew
Kip, who retained it until 1814, when he sold it to

Maturin Livingston,* the son-in-law of Governor
Morgan Lewis, for $5,000. Maturin Livingston
retained the property two years, and built the
present Kelly mansion. In 18 16, the Ellerslie
farm was sold to James Thompson, who retained
it until his death, when it became the property of
his son James. In his possession it remained
until 1837, when he sold it to James Warwick,
who retained it three years, when becoming
pecuniarily embarrassed, he made an assignment
to William B. Piatt, of Rhinebeck village. In
1 84 1, Mr. Piatt sold the estate to William Kelly,
of New York, for $42,000. The property at this
time embraced four hundred acres, Mr. Thompson
having added one hundred acres to his original
purchase. Mr. Kelly, by additional purchases, in-
creased the estate to seven or eight hundred acres.
He must, therefore, have*become the owner of lots
three and four of the original division.

Mr. Kelly not only multipHed his acres, but he
did what money, taste and enterprise could do to
adorn them and increase their fertility. The man-
sion, though of an ancient type, is stately and ca-
pacious, and commands a river and mountain
view of great extent and beauty. It stands in the
borders of a park of five hundred fenceless acres,
embracing wood and meadow land, lakes and
streams, and every variety of natural and charming
scenery. There is nothing for which Rhinebeck is
so widely and favorably known as the presence
within its borders of the Ellerslie park and gardens.

Among the earliest settlers of Rhinebeck was a
branch of the Benner family, of which the descend-
ants in this County are somewhat Umited. This
was perhaps one of the largest German families,
and in the early baronial times . had a remarkable
history. The first family of this name in the town
of Rhinebeck, of which there is any tradition, was
that of Valentyn Bender t and Margaret, his wife,
who, with their two sons, Johannes and Henrich,
came to Rhinebeck from Upper Bavaria, in the
beginning of the eighteenth century. He obtained
of Col. Henry Beekman the usual life-lease of a
farm on the Hudson River, about three miles
north of Rhinebeck Landing, being that farm after-
wards the residence of Gen. Armstrong, and now
owned by the heirs of his son-in-law, William B.
Astor. Col. Beekman and his family wishing to
possess this, the finest situation on the banks of

* A map of the farm when it was sold to Maturin Livingst<)8<, in 1814,
made in 1795, shows an oil-mill on the site of the present grist-mill.
This is the only grist-mill left on the creek, and the only one in the
town of Rhinebeck.

t This name was indifferently written Benner or Bender.





the river, gave him in exchange for it a deed* for
a piece of land about one mile southwest of Lower
Red Hook village, which forms a part of the farm
that became the Benner homestead, and which,
from the time Valentyn Bender took possession,
under his deed, until about four years since, was
uninterruptedly owned and occupied by the Ben-
ner family. Valentyn Bender died soon after
taking possession of this farm. He left two sons
and two daughters. One of the daughters, Anna
Maria Bender, married Zacharias Schmidt, the an-
cestor of Edward M. Smith, of Rhinebeck village.
The last Benner owner and occupant of the home-
stead in Red Hook was Jacob Benner, who died
November 5, 1869. He was Supervisor and Jus-
tice of the Peace of his town, and for several years
was Justice of the County Court of Sessions.

Zacharias Schmidt's name is the first to be
found in the oldest church records in the town of
Rhinebeck. But there is nothing to show that he
had living either father, mother, brother or sister,
in this or any other country. He owned the farm,
now the property of James Way, at a very early
date, but was preceded in the ownership by Jo-
hannes Backus, whose deed was dated October 20,
1718, and who was thus one of the " High Butch-
ers " who founded Rhinebeck. He was Voor Leser
(fore-reader) in the old German Reformed Church,
and many of its records are in his handwriting.
He sold a lot of his land to Ryer Schermerhorn in
1773. It is said that Ryer Schermerhorn built the
house now known as " Shop's oM store house,"
at the corner north of Walter L. Ten Broeck's, on
this land, and conducted a mercantile business
therein during the Revolutionary War. After
Zacharias Schmidt's death, this place was occupied
for awhile by his son, Wilhelmus, and in 1798 was
Moul's tavern.

In a letter now before us, Edward M. Smith,
the author of the " History of Rhinebeck," — pub-
lished in 1 88 1 — says of his family and himself
what follows : —

"The old German Reformed Church, whose grave-
yard is still to be seen at Fink's Corner, came into
the town of Rhinebeck with the German people
from the Camps, in Columbia and Ulster counties,
between 17 13 and 17 18 — probably in 17 15. This
church was at first the joint property of the
Lutherans and German Reformers, the Lutheran
pastor being Rev. Joshua Kotcherthal, of New
Town, one of the villages in West Camp, and the
German Reformed pastor the Rev. John Frederic
Hager, of Kingsbury, one of the villages in the
East Camp. The Rhinebeck church and cemetery

* This deed was given January 25, 1721,

were the joint property of the Lutherans and Re-
formers until 1729, when ' contentions arising be-
tween them they thought best for both parties to
separate, and to have each a church for them-
selves. ' , If these parties kept records of the work
done by them respectively, prior to their separa-
tion, they have not come to my knowledge. After
the separation, they opened books which I have
seen. The first record in the German Reformed
book is that of the baptism of my grandfather,
Johannes, the son of Zacharias Schmidt and his
wife, Anna Maria Bender, on the sth of April,
1730 ; and this is the oldest baptismal record to be
found in the town of Rhinebeck.

" Where Zacharias Schmidt lived at the date of
this baptism I do not know. In 1747, he owned
the farm adjoining the church lands, now the prop-
erty of James Way, and it is very probable that he
became the owner of this farm immediately after
his marriage, and thus very soon after, if not in the
year, 1730. Besides Johannes he had sons, Phil-
lippus, Petrus and Wilhelmus ; and daughters,
Catharine, Annatjen, Anna Maria, and Anna Mar-

" My grandfather, Johannes, married Ehzabeth
Zipperlie, February 3, 1761, and had sons Zacha-
rias, Frederick, Philip and Johannes, and daugh-
ters, Catharine and Anna. He settled in Red
Hook, near the Columbia county line, on the farm
which is now the property of William C. Cooper-
nail. He paid a rent of twenty-four sceppels of
wheat and four fowls to Marija Van Benthuysen,
widow of Jan Van Benthuysen, from 1768 to 1780 ;
to Peter Van Benthuysen in 1781-2; and to
James Bogardus in i783-'4-'5-'6. This I learn
from a remnant of an old receipt book, now in my
possession. He retained this farm to the day of
his death, April 18, 1813, when it passed into the
possession of my father, who retained it until 1823,
when he sold it to William Coopemail and moved
into the town of Ancram, now Gallatin, Columbia
County, with a family of twelve children, increas-
ing the number to thirteen by the birth of another,
April 20, 1823. He remained in Ancram six
years, when he removed to Milan, in Duchess
County, on a farm of eighteen acres, which is still
in the family. In process of time the children
grew up, married and scattered, some to learn
trades, and others to work on the farm, and all to
contribute their full share to the wealth and
strength of the country.

"My father, Philip Smith, born June 27, 1773,
married December 4, 1796, Anna Coopemail, born
October 26, 1778. He died December 13, 1851,
and his children,* all living, were at his funeral.
She died April 17, 1864, and her children, all liv-
ing, the youngest forty-one years old, were all at
her burial.

* These children were : Sophia.born March 3,1798; Ehzabeth, June
9, 1800 ; John, April 16, i8oz ; Catharine, October 29, 1803 ; Henry,
September 6, 1805 ; Anna, December 29, 1807 ; Margaret, April 9,
1809 ; William, Dec. 25, 1810 ; Philip, June 17, 1812 : George, Oct. 8,
1815; Edward M., March 29, 1817; Zachariah, March 5, 1819 ;
j;tene!;er, April 20, 1823.



" I was born on the old homestead in Red Hook,
March 29, 181 7. At the age of twelve years I
went to live with my uncle, John Coopernail, in
the town of Milan. I remained with him four years,
working the farm in summer and going to the
district school in Rock City a month or two in the
winter. At the age of sixteen I went as apprentice
to Jabez Davis, a tailor in the village of Upper
Red Hook. At the age of twenty- one I came to
the village of Rhinebeck, a journeyman tailor. I
learned to cut soon after, and began business for
myself in 1841. On the 13th of September, 1842,
I was married to Mary Elizabeth Davis, daughter
of my former employer. With the exception of
six months spent in the City of New York as a
cutter, in 1849, my residence since the first of April,
1838, has been in the village of Rhinebeck."

During his residence of forty-three years in
Rhinebeck Mr. Smith has collected from various
sources the material included in his history of this
old town. It is a work of years, in the prepara-
tion of which much time, labor and money have
been expended, and to which, through the kindness
of the author, we are indebted for nearly all the
data relating to Rhinebeck. His work, more com-
plete in its minuticE than can be any history of the
county at large, may be justly regarded as a valua-
ble contribution to the historical data of the County
and State.

Christian Bergh was another of the early settlers.
He was a resident of what is now the town of
Rhinebeck in 1723. He was born in May, 1700.
On the 7th of August, 1722, he was married to
Anna Margretta WoUeben, who was one year and
six months his senior. Hans Felten, Peter and
Peter WoUeben, Jr., were in Rhinebeck at the
same time. It is supposed that Anna Margretta
was the daughter of one, and perhaps the sister of
the others. They were doubtless among the
Palatines brought over by Governor Hunter, and
of the thirty-five families settled on . the land laid
out for the "High Dutchers," by Henry Beekman,
and called "Rein Beek." One of them was the
owner of a farm now included in the property of
Walter L. Ten Broeck, by a deed bearing date
October 20, 1718. Christian Bergh had nine
children, one of whom. Christian, married Catha-
rina Van Benschoten, March 11, 1762, and had
eleven children, one of whom, also named Chris-
tian, born April 30, 1763, was the father of
Henry Bergh, the president of the New York
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

Dr. Hans Kierstead, born in 1743, came to
Rhinebeck in 1769, at the age of twenty-six. He
manied Jane, daughter of Anthony Hoffman and
Catharine Van Graasbeck, of Kingston. Their

daughter, Sally, baptized August 15, 1773, married
Martin Heermance, June 15, 1789. Dr. Hans
Kierstead's first residence was the old stone house
which stood on the south of the Wager lot and
which was taken down by Martin L. Marquet
some years since. A record in Martin Heer-
mance's family bible says : " We moved into our
new house October 19, 1793." It is now known
that this new house was the brick dwelling now the
residence of Eugene Wells, and sold to John I.
Teller by Martin Heermance in 18 16. Dr. Hans
Kierstead died September 29, 181 1, aged 68. His
wife died January 18, 1808, aged 64. Martin
Heermance died July 31, 1824, aged 59, and his
wife, Sally, July 18, 1838, aged 65.

Christian Schell was baptized by Dominie
Johann F. Ries, of the Rhinebeck Lutheran
Church, August 11, 1779. He married Elizabeth
Hughes, of Hyde Park, widow of Captain Pope,
by whom he had eight children : Emily, Richard,
Julius, Robert, Augustus, Edward, Francis and
Julia. In 1805, he kept a store on the post-road
where Ezra Van Vradenburgh now lives — a place
known at this date as " Bear [Bare .?] Market."
In 181 2, he bought of Col. Henry B. Livingston
the mill property at the junction of Landsman's
and Rhinebeck creeks.

In 18 16 he was on the Flats, and built the
stone store and dweUing on Piatt's corner, in which
he conducted a prosperous mercantile business to
the close of his life. He died March 18, 1825,
aged 46. His wife died July 16, 1866. His son,
Augustus, was graduated at Union College, and
bred to the law, beginning his studies with John
Armstrong, in the village of Rhinebeck. He was
Collector of the port of New York, and is widely
known as a lawyer and politician. Robert is
president of the Bank of the Metropohs, and
Edward of the Manhattan Savings Bank. Richard,
born May 29, 1810, died November 10, 1879. He
was elected State Senator in 1856, and Representa-
tive in Congress from New York in 1875.

Besides these famiUes mentioned at length were
other families of importance to the town in their
day,— the Zipperlys (now Sipperly), one of whom,
Barent Zipperly, in 1726, purchased from Hans
Adams Frederick the lease of the farm which em-
braced the land which is now the church and
cemetery lot of the " Rhinebeck Stone Church, "*
and from whom in all probability were descended
all the Zipperlies who have had birth, have lived
and died, and are now living in Rhinebeck ; the

* St. Peters Lutheran Church.












Berringers (now Barringer), of whom Johannes
Berringer, whose name appears, among the heads
of families taxed in the North Ward in 1723, was
possibly the common ancestor of all the Barringers
now in Duchess and Columbia counties; the
Welch family who came into Rhinebeck about
1740, whose first residence, it is said, was in a
house at the corner, now occupied by the residence
of Guernsey Crandall, and whose descendants have
long since died or departed; the Eckerts (now
Ackerts), who came into the town probably with
the Palatines who founded Rhinebeck ; the Eschers
(now Asher), who came into the town in 1739;
the Tetor family, one of the High Dutch families
for whom Henry Beekman laid out the lands of
Rhinebeck; the Van Ettens, who were brought
into Rhinebeck by Henry Beekman, the second,
probably in 1721 ; the Traphagens, of whom Wil-
liam Traphagen bought a small tract of land from
Henry Beekman in 1706, and a larger one in 1710,
which included part of the Hager, and, it is
thought, all of the Teller farm, and all the land south
of the river road, west of the post-road and south
to Landsman's kill, and whose residence was
doubtless the old stone house known as the " Old
State's Prison, " on the Flats, which was probably
built by him soon after 18 10; the family of

Online LibraryJames H. (James Hadden) SmithHistory of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 54 of 125)