James H. (James Hadden) Smith.

History of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers online

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erected and gas supplied in that year. The first
officers were Henry D. Varick, President; and
Samuel B. Johnston, Secretary and Treasurer. Mr.
Varick held the office of President till his death,
which occurred June 18, 1877. He was succeeded
by Edgar M. Van Kleeck, the present incumbent.
LeGrand Dodge succeeded Mr. Johnston as Sec-
retary and Treasurer in July, 1864, and still holds
the office. Elvy Deyo was the first superintend-
ent and held that position several years. His suc-
cessor was John Cartwright, who was succeeded by



John Tracy, the present Superintendent, who took
charge of the works May 15, 1878.

The Citizens' Gas Co. of Poughkeepsie was or-
ganized Dec. 30, 1874, with a capital of $250,000,
in shares of $25 each. The incorporators were
Charles T. Raynolds,^ H. P. Allen, A. L. Allen,
Wm. H. Webb, Wm. J. Valentine, R. J. Dean and
James Cambell, and these with the addition of
Wm. G. Ackerman and Jacob Horton were the
original stockholders. The directors named in the
articles of association are : Wm. H. Webb, Charles
T. Raynolds, Augustus L. Allen, Wm. J. Valentine,
James Cambell, Horatio P. Allen and Robert J.
Dean.

The directors met March 26tb, 1875, and elected
Charles T. Raynolds, President; Augustus L.
Allen, Vice-President and Superintendent; Wm.
J. Valentine, Treasurer; and George W. Harris,
Secretary and Engineer. There has been no
change in officers, and only one in directors, Wil-
lafd H. Crosby having been elected April 4, 1878,
in place of James Cambell, who went to California
in the fall of 1877.

The City Railroad Co. of Poughkeepsie is the
successor of the Poughkeepsie Railroad Co., which
was chartered in 1866, but failed to perfect its or-
ganization, and was re-chartered May 6, 1869.
The directors named in the charter were : Harvey
G. Eastman, Aaron Innis, OUver H. Booth, Alfred
B. Smith, Homer A. Nelson, Isaac W. White,
Pomeroy P. Dickinson, Robert Frost, John I. Piatt,
Edward Storm, Mark D. Wilber, John P. H. Tall-
man and George H. Beattys. The road was con-
structed through Main street from the Hudson
River Railroad depot to Vassar College, a dis-
tance of three miles, with a branch line through
Smith street to the depot of the Poughkeepsie,
Hartford & Boston Railroad, making the total
length of tract laid four miles.

Jan. 25, 1871, the company executed and de-
livered to George Innis, as trustee of the first mort-
gage bondholders, a mortgage on its railroad prop-
erty and franchises, and Dec. 28, 1874, executed
and delivered a conveyance of all its property sub-
sequently acquired as further security for said
mortgage. March 7, 1876, the Supreme Court de-
creed that the mortgage should be foreclosed and
the property sold at public auction by John P. H.
Tallman. The sale was made Dec. 11, 1876, for
$40,000.

The City Railroad Company of Poughkeepsie was
organized Oct. 20, 1877, with a capital of $85,000,
of which $79,519.17 has been paid in. The first



CITY OF POUGHKEEPSIE.



437



directors under the new organization were : Ed-
ward Storm, Aaron Innis, Isaac W. White, Mat-
thew Vassar, Jr., Alfred B. Smith, H. A. Nelson,
Andrew King, Hudson Taylor, John I. Piatt, Geo.
B. Adriance, Richard Kenworthy, John McLean
and John P. H. Tallman, all of Poughkeepsie ;
and the first officers : Aaron Innis, President ;
John I. Piatt, Treasurer ; A. B. Smith, Secretary.
There has been no change in the officers. Mark
H. Hitchcock is the Superintendent.

Hotels and Taverns.

Early in the century Poughkeepsie was well sup-
plied with taverns, there being five on Market St.,
and as many, if not more, on Main St. On the
former there was one just north of the Episcopal
church ; another on the corner of Cannon street,
where the Farmers' and Manufacturers' bank now
stands ; a third in the old building which was torn
down to make way for the CoUingwood building ;
the Forbus tavern, (afterwards the Forbus House,
and now the Nelson House,) opposite; and Mr.
Hatch's tavern in the court house. On Main
street there was a tavern at the river ; a couple
between Bridge and Pferry streets, in that portion
of the village known as Blakesleyville ; another on
the north-east corner of Washington street ; another
in close proximity to it ; the Poughkeepsie tavern,
now the Poughkeepsie Hotel ; the Eastern tavern,
on the site of the present Morgan House; and
another opposite Crannell street, in the building
till recently occupied as a hide and leather depot
by W. C. Southwick. In addition to these was
the Northern tavern, now the Northern Hotel, on
the corner of Mill and Washington streets. These
were all patronized, principally by farmers, who
coming long distances to riiarket, were obliged to
remain over night. Nearly all have long since
been swept away in the march of improvement,
and what few remain have been so enlarged and
improved as to be no longer recognizable by their
old-time patrons.* Another famous hostelry in its
day was the old Von Beck House, whose site is
now occupied by the residence and out-buildings
of the widow of the late Hon. H. G. Eastman. It
was a quaintly constructed building, the front por-
tion having been built with brick, said to have been
imported for the purpose from Holland. The
rear portion and ends were constructed of stone.
It was erected in 1741, by a Swede named Von
Beck, who kept it as a tavern for a number of
years. It was afterwards occupied for the same

• The Stmaay CeurUr, March i6, iSyj.



purpose by a man named Knox, under whose man-
agement it acquired a wide and favorable reputa-
tion. Another old tavern, located on the corner
of Main and Market streets, was kept in 1806 by
Ebenezer Baldwin. The " Farmers' Hotel " at the
same time was kept by Amaziah Blakeslee. At
present Poughkeepsie contains something Uke a
dozen hotels, but the principal ones are three in num-
ber — the Nelson House, the Poughkeepsie Hotel
and the Morgan House.

The Nelson House was built in 1875-6, by a
Mrs. Taylor, and was formally opened by Peter
Foland, as proprietor. May 19, 1876. He was
succeeded in the proprietorship April 1, 1880, by
Capt. A. P. Black. It occupies the site of the old
Forbus House, which was pulled down for the pur-
pose of erecting the present structure.

The Poughkeepsie Hotel was the successor of the
old Van Kleeck House, which was the first tavern
in Poughkeepsie, and was kept as such for nearly
a century. It was built in 1797 by a company and
mortgaged to Matthew and Jacob Van Benschoten,
who acquired the property by foreclosure. About
the first, if not the first landlord, was Garwood
Cunningham, father of the well remembered cashier,
Walter Cunningham. He kept it for several years,
and as early as 1806. He was succeeded by Mr.
Bennett, grandfather of George Lent, about 181 7.
Peter T. B. Myers, a Mr. Budd and Leonard B.
Van Kleeck next kept it in succession. Alanson
Simpson, Col-. Hatch and John Rutzer were subse-
quent landlords, whose successful management
contributed to the popularity of this hotel, which
'•'was known all over the United States and in
Europe," and has given entertainment to " some of
the first men of the Nation."* The hotel was par-
tially destroyed by fire April 14, 1877, during the
proprietorship of Isaac N. Seaman. March 16,
1878, the property was sold at auction in two par-
cels, the first, the hotel with a frontage of sixty-
seven feet extending back 135 feet, to John
Hackett, who bid for Richard P. Morgan, Mrs.
Rutzer's son-in-law, for $12,175, and the residue
to Patrick Ryan, for $6,850. Mr. Morgan repaired
and improved the hotel, which was again opened
June 10, 1878. It was kept for a little more than
a year previous to his death by Milton Bain, who
died Jan. 6, 1881. The present proprietor is H.
N. Bain. It is located directly opposite the court
house on Main street.

The Morgan House was built in 1852-3, by
Theodbrus Gregory, who came to Poughkeepsie

* PimgUceepsU Weekly Eagle-, April 14, 1877.



438



HISTORY OF DUCHESS COUNTY.



from Sand Lake, Rensselaer County, in 1831, and
leased of Judge Smith Thompson, for ten years,
Jhe property on the corner of Main and Catharine
streets, the latter of which was opened by Mr.
Gregory to Mill street in 1831. On the property
was a tenement house, then occupied by Dr.




(EASTMAN NATIONAL BUSINESS COLLEGE.)

Cooper, father of Dr. John R. Cooper, of this city,
in which Mr. Gregory opened a tavern, which he
kept until 1836, when he sold the lease and furni-
ture to George H. Perry, who soon after sold the
furniture to Peter Ostrander. In the winter of
1842, Mr. Gregory again acquired the property, at
the soUcitation of his friends, for the purpose of
keeping a temperance house, purchasing the furni-
ture of Mr. Ostrander, and the real property from
t^e heirs of Judge Thompson, paying for the latter
$8,200. Jan. 16, 1843, the first temperance house
in Poughkeepsie was opened in that building, and



it is the only one which succeeded here on that
principlie, except the Northern Hotel, which is now
conducted as a temperance house. In 183 1, the
house was known as the Eastern Hotel. In 1853,
when the present structure was completed, the
name was changed to the Gregory House. Mr.
Gregory kept the house until
April I, 1866, when he sold
it to George Morgan, who
soon after gave it its present
name. There have been
many changes in proprietor-
ship since 1866. It is now
owned by the First National
Bank of Poughkeepsie, and
has been kept since the
spring of 1880, by Messrs.
Ney & Co.

The Northern HotelSs, one
of Poughkeepsie's old land-
marks, having been built and
kept as a public house for
more than seventy-six years.
It occupies a retired locality
in one of the most attractive
portions of the city at corner
of Washington and Mill Sts.
About 1823, it was kept by
Leonard Van Kleeck, who
during his occupancy built
the present dining room.
Some fifty years ago the yard
in its rear was the favorite
spot for tent showmeii.
Lewis L. Hutchins, the
present proprietor, has kept
it for eleven years. It is a
temperancahouse, having no
bar attached to it.

The other public houses

are: the Exchange Hotel,

located at the foot of Main street, which was

built in 1834, by Captains Samuel B. Johnston,

Rosencrans and Gilbert I. Vincent, who

were then engaged in the transportation business
in Poughkeepsie, and has since been owned by
their successors in that business, the present owners
being the Poughkeepsie Transportation Co. Isaac
H. Wood, the present proprietor, has kept it since
April I, 1879. He also keeps a receiving depot
at the Main street landing for the shad brought in
by some thirty-eight persons who engage in shad
fishing in this vicinity during the season ; the New



CITY OF POUGHKEEPSIE.



439



York Hotel, Nos. 31, 33 and 35 Main street,
built by James Sloan, and owned by Michael
Gallagher, who purchased it in 1868, and has kept
it since 1870J the Hoffman House, No. 20 Main
street, kept by V. Hoffman ; the Germania House,
21 Academy street, kept by H. Seiter ; the Hotel
Brunswick, loi Main street, kept by W. H. Case;
the Mansion House, 61 Main street, kept by L.
Devendorfj ^t. National Hotel, j,\'] Main street,
kept by A. Wimpelberg; the Utiion Hotel, 22
Union street, kept by Paul Reichardt ; and the
Western Hotel, 50 Duchess Avenue, kept by Mrs.
Mulligan.



CHAPTER XXXIX.

POUGHKEEPSIE IN THE REBELLION.

THE citizens of Poughkeepsie displayed early
activity in meeting the emergencies of the
late war, and within three days after the President's
call of April 15, 1 861, had raised a volunteer com-
pany, which, on the 20th of that month numbered
seventy men, and was provisionally commanded by
Capt. Wm. Berry, who, a few days later, was ap-
pointed to muster in volunteers from this city. Va-
rious local military, fire and other organizations
were constituted the nuclei of companies, designed
to unite with the 21st miUtia regiment in offering
their services to the government; but that regiment
did not enter the service until the summer of 1863,
and then only to meet a temporary emergency;
consequently many of those identified with those
organizations were dispersed through various regi-
ments and companies formed during that period.
Money and men were offered with equal generosity ;
for on the 22d of April the bank officers of Pough-
keepsie met and resolved to tender the government
a loan of $100,000, and the city one of $10,000.

Poughkeepsie's first complete company was
organized April 24, 1861, and the following per-
manent officers elected: Harrison HoUiday,
Captain; Nathaniel Palmer, Ensign; Alfred Sher-
man, Orderly Sergeant ; Martin S. Riggs, Second
Sergeant; Charles J. Ackert, Third Sergeant;
Albert Gillmore, Fourth Sergeant; Marcus B.
White, First Corporal ; John R. Brockway, Second
Corporal ; Alonzo Case, Third Corporal ; Charles
Fink, Fourth Corporal. April 27th, the name of
Edgar S. Jennings is added to this list as First
Lieutenant, and Joseph WiUiams is named as
Second Sergeant, and John C. Ecker, as Fourth
Sergeant.



This company was accepted April 30, 1861, and
on Saturday, May 4th, with ninety-seven rank and
file, left Poughkeepsie for the seat of war, proceed-
ing first to Albany to obtain arms and equipments.
The students of Eastman's College and a few citi-
zens formed their escort to the cars. Some two
or three thousand people gathered at the station to
witness their departure. They were quartered in
Albany with about two thousand troops in a large
building, formerly a church, on the corner of
Chapel and Canal streets, where, says the " Pough-
keepsie Eagle" of May 30, 1861, they were
" almost in a state of destitution as regards cloth-
ing." It became Company E, of the 30th Reg-
iment, whose services have been briefly referred to.
The company was subsequently recruited to one
hundred and thirty men. Throughout the two
years of its service it was always " favorably men-
tioned for accuracy of drill, soldierly bearing, cor-
rect discipUne and gallantry in action." It returned
to Poughkeepsie with only fifty-five men, June i.
1863, and received a most flattering reception. It
was escorted through the principal streets, in which
the buildings were profusely decorated, by the 7th
regiment band, companies of the 21st regiment, a
cavalcade of citizens on horseback, a number of
returned volunteers, the Poughkeepsie fire depart-
ment, and students from Warring's MiUtary Insti-
tute and Eastman's College.

Captain Holliday lost an. arm in the second bat-
tle of Bull Run, and diedin the hospital at Washing-
ton, September 17, 1862. His remains were removed
from the Episcopal burying ground, corner of
Montgomery and Academy streets, May 7, i88i,
to the burial plot of Hamilton Post, in the Pough-
keepsie • Rural Cemetery. Most of this company
re-enlisted.

April 30, 1 86 1, the call for a second volunteer
company was issued and the roll left at the office
of Recorder Emigh. In May, Arthur Wilkinson,
at present a highly respected citizen of Pough-
keepsie, opened a recruiting office for the Excelsior
Regiment of Sickles' Brigade. His efforts to pro-
mote volunteering were ably seconded.

Capt. Wilkinson's company left for Camp Scott,
Staten Island, on the barge Republic, Monday,
June II, 1 86 1, and was escorted to the boat by the
Poughkeepsie Drill Guards and the Vassar Guard.
Just before the boat started Capt. Wilkinson was
presented with a splendid revolver by James Smith,
in behalf of the " Ellsworth Grays." The following
is the roll of the company: Arthur Wilkinson, Cap-
tain; Charles Jackson, ist Lieut.; Albert Johnson,



449



HISTORY OF DUCHESS COUNTY.



2nd Lieut.; Matthew Harlow, Orderly; James L.
Frazier, 2nd Sergt; B. W. Murgatroydt, 3d Sergt.;
Lyman P. Harris, 4th Sergt.; Edward Pardee, 5th
Sergt.; John P. Broas, ist Corpl.; I. V. Bloomfield,
2d Corpl.; Joseph Conn, 3d Corpl.; John Mead,
4th Corpl.; Jacob Best, Andrew Tripp, Orville
Denny, P. H. Rider, Russell Wheeler, Wm. Stan-
ton, Andrew Dolis, Wm. H. H. Traver, Walter
Smith, Chas. A. Potter, Geo. W. Morell, Jno.
Dusenberry, Jno. Murgatroydt, Thos. Gibson, Wm.
Love, Edgar Buckingham, A. Propson, Hiram
Rouse, Geo. Worden, Chas Crum, J. J. Benegar,
Chas. Ketcham, Henry S. Roe, Irving Pollock,
Smith G. Case, Patrick Draye, P. Herrick, D.
MuUodge, Francis Johnston, Milton Smith, R. J.
Minard, Ira DuBois, Jno. Halsted, Wm. Gilbraith,
Jno. H. Fogin, Chas. E. Mosher, A. E. Potter, T.
Larkin, Jno. V. Smith, R. G. Shurter, Jacob Cook.
Lieut. Jackson left Poiighkeepsie June 13 th with
thirteen additional recruits for this company, which
became Co. I of the 74th (sth Excelsior) regiment,
which was mustered in in June, 1861, for three
years. Capt. Wilkinson severed his connection
with the regiment within two years, and soon after
became Asst.-Provost-Marshal-General in the de-
partment of Missouri, in which capacity he served
till the close of the war.

The subsequent enlistments during this year
have, perhaps, been sufficiently indicated in the
general history of the county, with which the city
concerted during the remainder of the war.

In 1863, the city, like towns generally, stood the
draft. Its quota under the Conscription Act
authorized by Congress March 3, 1863, was two
hundred and seventy-three, and the number drafted,
four hundred and ten. But of this number only
sixty-six were held to service ; forty-eight paid the
$300 commutation ; and one hundred and five were
excused for physical disabiUty. The rest were
exempt from various causes.

February 12, 1864, says the "Eagle," the city's
quota of two hundred and five under the call of
Oct. 17, 1863 was full and eighty-eiglit additional
recruits had been re-enlisted to apply on the quota
under the call of Feb. i, 1864. When the call of
March 15, 1864, was made the city had a surplus
on previous calls of one hundred and three, and by
April 7th its quota under that call was full, so that
it escaped the draft which took place in this county
May 31, 1864, When the call of July 18, 1864,
for five hundred thousand men, was issued, the
needed stimulus of a bounty was felt. July 19,
1864, a meeting of citizens was held at the court



house to consider the subject, and authorized the
Common Council to pay to each volunteer or per-
son furnishing a substitute for one year a bounty
of $r25 ; for two years $200; and for three years,
$350; and the further sum of 25 dollars to each
person who presented a volunteer or substitute for
enlistment. They were also instructed to pay any
further sum as bounty which they deemed neces-
sary. A committee was appointed to communicate
this action to the council, which was then in
session awaiting the action of this meeting, and
that body instructed the finance committee to pre-
pare plans for the payment of bounties. July 20,
1864, the council resolved to pay a bounty of $300
to each volunteer credited on the city's quota, and
the further sum of $30 to the person presenting
him.

The following is a statement of the bounties paid
under the calls of July 18 and Dec. 19, 1864, as
reported by the City Chamberlain Feb. i. 1865: —

SECOND BOUNTY FUND — (CALL OF JULY l8, 1 864.)

Faidbounty to 181 recruits, at j^yoo each, $126^700.00

" " " a ** " 650 " 1,300 00

" " " 9 " " 600 " 5,400.00

" " " 8 " " 500 " 4,000.00



" 5 " " 300



1,500.00 {138,900.00
8, 100.00



" hand money for furnishing said recruits, vary-
ing from $30 to J230 each,

*' on contracts for procuring credits and allow-
ances on credits, 650,

" i persons for procuring substitutes, atj730

each, { 2,190.00

" S persons for procuring substitutes, at $530

each, 2,650.00

23 persons for procuring substitutes at $220*



each.



7,590.00



" 93 persons for procuring substitutes at f 730

ssoh, 67,890.00 80,320.00

" expenses of Nashville committee, f54lS.oo

" perdiemofTuthilland Wilber(2idays,) 420.00

" discount and interest on overdraw F. & M. Bank, 446.07

" expenses of committee to New York, on naval

recruits, 229.20

" revenue stamps, 120.85

" sundries, 365,5 2,128.07



{230, 108.07



THIRD BOUNTY LOAN — (CALL OF DEC. I9, 1864.)



To overdraw charged from 2d bounty fund,
cash paid 16 one year recruits, ;f^oo each
" for hand money for 15 of above,
9 three years' recruits, J500 each,
for hand money for same,
' ' I person for securing a substitute for 2 years,

" I " " " II <c 11 J 1,

" 2 recruits for Hancock's Corps in addition to

above amount, (75 each,
" on agreement for furnishing credits,
" for sundries,
Balance on hand Feb. 1st,



% 1. 21
4,800.00
450.00
4,500,00
27000
430.00
530.00

150.00

1,290.00

126.4S

2,307.54

114,855.20



* Probably a clerical errof and should be J330.




7^s



HE Residence of Mrs. Cordelia E. Boardman. —
In his early professional career,- Andrew Boardman,
Esq., purchased a farm on the road leading from
Spackenkill to Pudney's Mills, about two and one-half
miles southeast of Poughkeepsie. It had rare ad-
vantages for improvement and taste. Upon it was a
small dwelling, which, in the advance of years, has become the beautiful
residence represented herewith. To this first purchase he added farm to farm,
until it is now quite an estate, supposed to contain over eight hundred acres.
The expensive cultivation made, the opening of water courses, the formation
of the " Lake," the erection of fancy observatories, the elevation of various
points of outlook, commanding the valley of the Hudson, the Catskill and
other mountains, the unique and imposing "Entrance," — all combine to
present it to the lover of nature as a winsome country seat. Mr. Boardman
long held a prominent position at the New York bar, and this was his fascinat-
ing retreat. It was his well-known intention to so rebuild and improve these
premises as to make them unsurpassed by any now gracing the Hudson. He
died in i88t, universally respected.



442



HISTORY OF DUCHESS COUNTY.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.



HON. MORGAN CARPENTER.

Morgan Carpenter, one of the sixth generation
lineally descended from WilUam Carpenter, of
Wiltshire, England, who came to America about
1636, was born November 4, 1795, in Stanford,
Duchess County, and died in the city of Pough-
keepsie, November 14, 1871.

Daniel Carpenter, the first of this farriily who
settled in Duchess County, became a resident of
Crom Elbow precinct in 1752, having purchased
land in the Great Nine Partners upon which he
resided untilhis death in 1777. Benjamin his
youngest son, born July 11, 1749, resided in Char-
lotte precinct upon land inherited from his father,
until, because of his loyalty his house had been
robbed and plundered three times by Tories, he
removed in 1778 to land purchased in Charlotte
and Washington precincts, now the town of Stan-
ford. He took the oath of "abjuration to the
King of Great Britian and allegiance to the United
States" in 1784 and died 1837, aged eighty-eight,
leaving the home tract to his youngest son, Morgan,
the subject of this sketch, having some years pre-
vious purchased a farm near the city for his two
older sons.

February 3, 1819, Morgan Carpenter married
Maria Bockde, daughter of the Hon. Jacob Bockde
and sister of the late Judge Abraham Bockde.
She was born January 3, 1794, and died January
29, 187 1. Their children were : Benjamin, a boy
of unusual abiHty and promise combined with
great amiability, who was born November 23,
1821, and died while at school in Warren, Conn.,
December 30, 1836 ; Catharine B., Mary, Jacob
B., (for biography see towii of Washington) ; Isaac
S., (for notice see town of Stanford) ; Louisa S.;
Sarah M., a Commissioner of the State Board
of Charities, appointed by Governor Cornell, Jan-
uary, 1880, and re-appointed March 16, 1881, for
a term of eight years ; and B. Piatt, (for biogra-
phy see page 443.)

Morgan Carpenter was appointed by Governor
Seward, in 1841, "one of the County Judges for
the County of Duchess," served one term of four
years and declined a re-appointment. In 1852 he
removed from Stanford where he had lived thus
far, to the city of Poughkeepsie, in which he re-
sided until his death. As a large landed proprietor
he was energetic and enterprising in business
affairs. His sterling integrity and high regard for
principle always commanded respect. His unusu-
ally sound judgment made him a most trusted
counsellor, while a tender and sympathetic heart
rendered him a kind friend and a revered parent.
A firm believer in the truths of revelation he exem-
plified its precepts in the uprightness of his life,



Online LibraryJames H. (James Hadden) SmithHistory of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers → online text (page 88 of 125)