James Martin Yeager.

An brief history of the Yeager, Buffington, Creighton, Jacobs, Lemon, Hoffman and Woodside families, and their collateral kindred of Pennsylvania online

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GENEALOGY COLLECTION



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY



3 1833 01402 4654



Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center



http://www.archive.org/details/briefhistoryofyeOOyeag



^ Vol \ tUm^XJL^ <*W^




koxufciA




James Martin ^ eager



A BRIEF HISTORY



YEAGER



BUFFI NGTON ^

CREIGHTON

JACOBS

LEMON

HOFFMAN

AND

WOODSIDE

FAMILIES

AND

THEIR COLLATERAL KINDRED

OF PENNSYLVANIA



COMPILED BY

HON. JAMES MARTIN YEAGER, D. D.



Formerly President of Drew Seminary for Young Women, Carmel, N. Y.
Formerly Member of House of Representatives of Pennsylvania.
United States Marshal of the Middle District of Pennsylvania.



Table of Contents



Introductory Note 11

Yeager Genealogy 13

Early Yeager Emigration 14

Battle of Trenton 26

Andrew Yeager at the Battle of Brandywine 31

Pioneers in Pennsylvania 36

Susie Yeager, a Schoolmate of Lincoln in Kentucky 56

Golden Wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Yeager 60

Genealogy of Andrew Yeager 66

Military Record of the Pennsylvania Yeagers in All of the

American Wars 81

Letter from Major Thomas Yeager shows Pennsylvania

Troops were real First Defenders 87

Emperor William sends a Bell to a German New York

Church Organization, Rev. Dr. Julis Jaeger, Pastor .... 100

Early Yeager Baptisms in New Hanover Lutheran Church.. 101
Heads of Families by the Name of Yeager in Pennsylvania

in the first census in the United States published 1790.. 102

Hon. Joseph. Buffington 113

Some Annals of The Buffington Family 113

One of the Oldest English Families in Pennsylvania 114

Richard Buffington holds office under William Penn 117

Richard Buffington's Will . 119

Memorandum Book of George Buffington, the Revolutionary

Soldier 122

Anne Buffington 138

Descendants of Richard Buffington the I in the Revolution-
ary War 145

The Creightons 153

Creighton Genealogy 171

The Name Creighton of Scotch Origin 179

Pennsylvania Creightons in the War of the Revolution .... 182

James Jacobs, the Revolutionary Soldier 184

The Battle of Harlem Heights 184

James Jacobs at the Battle of Fort Washington 192

Lemon Memoranda 196

John Lemon Wounded at the Battle of Monmouth 201

Hon. John A. Lemon 205

Short Hill Celebrates 209

Governor Hughes Dedicates Monument to Wayne's Victory at

Stony Point 215

The Hoffman Family 219

Woodside Memoranda 233

Organizers of Early Churches 240

No Money at Hamburg 249

At Home and Abroad — Addresses by the Compiler 253

Some Yeagers in Business 269

Notes by the Way 271

6



1388403



To all descendants of a sturdy ancestry
this volume is respectfully dedicated.



List of Illustrations



Portrait of James Martin Yeager, Compiler Frontispiece

Yeager Coat of Arms 13

Fac-simile of Post Card 15

Fac-simile of Post Card by Mayor of Lachen 16

Autograph of Andrew Yeager 18

Autograph of Jacob Yeager 19

Portrait of John Jacob Yeager 20

Portrait of Jeremiah M. Yeager 24

The Surrender to Washington 27

Where They Came From — Europe 34

Where They Settled — Pennsylvania 35

Portrait of Captain Frederick M. Yeager 37

Portrait of John Yeager on Old Buckskin 46

Portrait of The Rev. Joshua Yeager 51

Home of Lincoln's Ancestors in Berks County 5S

Portrait of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Yeager of Illinois, and their

home 64

Portrait of William Brooke Yeager 67

Portrait of Mrs. Sue R. Ort 69

Portrait of John Henry Yeager 70

Portrait of William Jacob Yeager 72

Portrait of Jesse Orin Yeager 74

Portrait of Bertha Mann Yeager 75

Portrait of Frank N. Yeager, M. D 76

Portrait of Rev. William E. Yeager 77

Portrait of Major Thomas Yeager 88

Portrait of Harry Wilson Yeager 104

Portrait of Herman V. Yeager 110

Portrait of Hon. Joseph Buffington 113

Portrait of Richard Bufnngton 115

Map of the Battle of Brandywine 118

Portrait of George Bufnngton and Catharine Yeager Buf-
nngton 126

Fac-simile of Deed of Benjamin Buffington to his son George 131

Portrait of Charles Buffington Fager, M. D 136

Portrait of Judge Charles A. Mayer 138

Portrait of Mrs. Cordelia Mayer Quiggle 139

Portrait of the Rev. Jacob Mayer 140

Portrait of Hon. James C. Quiggle 141

Portrait of Major William H. Mayer 142

Portrait of Hon. Henry W. Shoemaker 143

Portrait of George Buffington of Yeagertown 144

Creighton Coat of Arms 151

Portrait of William Creighton 152

Portrait of Elizabeth Jacobs Creighton 153

Portrait of Mrs. Isabella Creighton Plowman 154

Portrait of Rev. Abram M. Creighton 156

Portrait of Rev. Samuel Creighton 160

9



List of Illustrations-Continued

Portrait of Edward Bright Creighton of Philadelphia IOC.

Portrait of Mary Jane Creighton Yeager 1GS

Portrait of Frank M. Musser, William C. Musser, J. Ira

Musser, Samuel Musser, Sewall Asbury Musser 170

Portrait of Elizabeth J. Creighton Mann and daughter Har-
riet 172

Portrait of J. T. Creighton 173

Portrait of William C. Creighton 174

Portrait of Margaret Ann Creighton 176

Autograph of Andrew Creighton 178

Portrait of Five Generations ISO

Tablet to Commemorate The Battle of Harlem Heights .... 186

Portrait of James M. Jacobs 1SS

Portrait of Samuel Jacobs 189

Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge 198

The Battle of Monmouth, Juen 28, 1778 200

The Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778 200

Portrait of Hon. John A. Lemon 204

Fac-simile of Letter from the Hon. Boise Penrose, U. S.

Senator 208

Bible of John Lemon 210

Portraits of Samuel Lemon and Jean Moore Lemon 212

Portrait of Jane Lemon Wherry 214

Portrait of Jacob D. Hoffman 228

Portrait of Isaac W. Hoffman 230

Portrait of Rev. Thomas W. Woodside 234

Home of T. W. Woodside in Africa 236

Birmingham Meeting House 240

St. John's Lutheran Church 241

Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church 242

East Vincent Reformed Church 244

Hoffman's Church 246

Saint David's Reformed Church 248

At Chaquimayo Camp, Peru 252

At Ground Breaking of Lewistown Silk Mill 258

Old Homestead at Yeagertown 266

J. Creighton and Marion Yeager 268

Lewistown in 1842 276



in



Introductory Note



The preparation of this little volume has been a "labor
of love." It has entailed many miles of travel, wide corres-
pondence, hours of research in the libraries of New York,
Philadelphia. Washing-ton and Harrisburg. I am in receipt
of many letters from County, State and Federal officials, from
secretaries of genealogical societies and from members of
the "family" from New York to Tacoma.

( Hit of the mass of correspondence I quote a single let-
ter which will illustrate the difficulties that confronted us in
our endeavor to compile authentic data, as well as the dis-
tinguished courtesy which marked many of our personally
unknown correspondents :

Friend James M. Yeager,
Carmel, N. Y.
Thine received and in reply must say I am extremely
sorry that I am unable to give thee the desired information.
As to our history, my father did not commence it until near-
ly eighty years of age, and it is consequently disconnected
and imperfect.

If thee should visit our county, would be very much
pleased indeed to have thee call on me. I will do what I can
to aid thee in thy undertaking. I will enclose the names of
the children of some of the earlier families which may pos-
sibly be of some use. though I presume thee has them all.
Thine truly,

P. W. P.uffington.

I am grateful to these friends who have assisted me in
compiling this record.

Dr. Alexander Wilder savs : "The records of families
constitute the frame-work of history and are invaluable aux-
iliaries to science, religion and especially to civilization. The
ties of kindred are the golden links of that chain which binds
11



families, states and nations together in one great bond of
humanity. Everything, therefore, which pertains to our
family should he carefuly recorded and preserved for the
benefit of those who are to follow us. I have no sympathy
with those who care not whence they came or have no inter-
est in the generations which are to succeed them."

He who believes with Wendell Phillips "that to be as
good as our ancestors we must be better" will find a good
ancestry and an illustrious name one of the noblest stim-
ulants to exertion.

It is just two hundred years ( 1712) since the arrival of
the first Yeagers in the Province of Pennsylvania. It seems
fitting that this year ( 1912) some records should be pub-
lished which may render less laborious the work of the fu-
ture genealogist.

Lewistown, Penna.. Tune 1, 1912.



in



Yeager Genealogy




Yeager Coat of Arms

Among the earliest families to emigrate from Germany
to Pennsylvania were the Yeagers. The name was variously
spelled — Jager, Jaeger, Yager and Yeager. In 1712-18
John, George, Henry, Anthony, Andrew, Xicholas, George,
Nicholas, Jr., Martin, Philip, John and Peter, "who were suh-
ject to the Emperor of Germany, a Prince in Amity with the
Crown of Great Britain, transported themselves and estates
into the Province of Pennsylvania," and settled in what are
now Philadelphia, Northampton, Chester and Lancaster
counties.

Their descendants identified themselves with the col-
onists and the names of Adam. Christian. Christopher,
Andrew. Matthew. Casper, Leonard, George, Frederick.
Henry and John Yeager all appear on the roster of Penn-
sylvania's hrave patriots who "pledged their lives, their for-
tunes, and their sacred honor to their country."

Early Yeager Emigration

The following emhraces those of the family Yeager, who
emigrated from Germany to Pennsylvania, prior to 1775.
13



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY

The christian name is given, also the name of the ships in
which they came, and the date of "Qualifying", or taking the
oath of allegiance. The oath was usually taken upon the
arrival of the ship, and so gives about the time of emigra-
tion. In the several ship lists, the name is variously spelled
— Jager, Jaeger.

John George and his sons Peter. Andreas. Nicholas.
Anthony and George emigrated in 171 2.

Name Ship Date

Peter St. Andrew 12 Sept.. 173.4

Leonard, aged 26 Harle t Sept.. 1736

Johannes, aged 36 Winter Galley 5 Sept.. 1738

Johan George Loyal Judith 3 Sept.. 1742

Johannes Loyal Judith 2 Sept., 1743

Johannes Elliott 24 August. 1740

Johan Wilhelm Two P>rothers .... 14 Sept., T740

Jacob Leslie 7 Oct.. T740,

Balzar Priscilla 12 Oct.. 1750

Andreas Xacy 27 Sept.. 1752

Martin Bawley 23 Oct. 1752

Johan Wilhelm Two P>rothers 1752

Conrad, aged 35 Peggy 24 Sept.. 1753

Johan Simon Rrothers 26 Sept.. 1753

Johan George \dventure 25 Sept.. 1754

Valentine Bannister 31 Oct., 1754

Johan George Pannister 31 Oct.. 1754

Andreas Thos. Arnot 26 Sept.. 1764

Dietrich Hero 27 Oct.. 1764

George Prince of Wales .... 5 Nov., 1764

Heinrich Prince of Wales .... 5 Nov.. 1704

lolin Christ Tiger to Nov.. 1771

14



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY



Far-simile of* Post Card

sent to the compiler by the Mayor of Lachen, near Heidel-
berg. Germany.



ttfmgretd} Say er

poftfard







u



HISTORY Or THE YEAGER FAMILY
Fac-simile of Post Card

sent to the compiler by the Mayor of Lachen, near Heidelberg,
Germany.



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Translation

Lachen, Germany, 17 Aug., 1911.
Vour great-great grandmother, Anna Barbara Schuster,
daughter of Philip Schuster, was born here on the Fifteenth
of February, 17:!:^, and was married to Andreas Jaeger here on
the Eleventh of February, 1755. They were both of the Re-
formed faith.

This is the correct answer to vour Inquiry.

THEOBALD,
l'.urgermeister.

16



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY



PENNSYLVANIA STATE LIBRARY

DIVISION OF PUBLIC RECORDS

Harrisburo-, Pennsylvania, U. S. A.. Feb. 7, TO07.
To IJ'/iom It May Concern:

I hereby Certify that the name of ANDREW YEAGER
appears as that of a Private on "A True Return of Captain
Deibler's Company of Associators of the Fourth Batallion,
Commanded by Colonel James Burd, Esq., March 14th,
1776."

See p. 348, Volume Seven, Penna. Archives, Fifth Se-
ries.

Again as a Private on a "Return of Captain Martin
Weaver's Compy. of the Fourth Batallion of Lancaster
County Militia. Robt. Elder, Colonel for the year 1778."

See p. 378, Volume and Series, ut supra.

And again as a Private from Captain Weaver's Com-
pany in a "Detachment under the Command of Captain John
Rutherford on the March to Bedford County. April 17th,
1779, for the protection of the Inhabitants."

See p. 389. Volume and Series, ut supra.

LUTHER R. KELKER.
In testimony whereof r- >. v xj r> 1 r o i„

I hereby affix the Seal Custodian of the Public Records.

of this Department. Pennsylvania State Library.

(SEAL)



HISTORY OF THE YEAGER FAMILY

Andrew Yeager of Dauphin County

Andrew Yeager, great-grandfather of J. M. Yeager of
Yeagertown, joined the Company that was recruited in Up-
per Paxtang township, Lancaster (now Dauphin) county.
March 14, 1776. The company was in active service for
nearly a year, returning home in January, 1777. A portion
of the command was captured at the hattle of Long Island.
The remainder of it took part in the battles of Harlem
Heights, now the site of Columbia College in the city of
New York ; Fort Washington, now Washington Heights,
New York City, and saw actual service under Washington
at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. As we read over
again the story of these historic battles "we should be im-
bued with the lofty spirit of patriotism which fired the souls
of our ancestors and cherish their valor, bravery, undying
courage, and glorious deeds a century and a quarter ago, in
behalf, not of themselves, but of posterity."

Andrew Yeager remained in the service from 1776 to
1783, doing valiant service all through the Revolution.



(Fac-simile of signature of Andreas in 1786)



Andrew Yeager was married to Anna Barbara Schuster,
who was born in Lachen, near Neustadt, in the Palatinate,
Feb. 15, 1733, and died in the Lykens Valley, July 27, i//i).
This record is found in the records of St. David's German
Reformed church near Millersburg, Penna.

Andrew's son John, grandfather of J. M. Yeager of
Yeagertown, was horn in Philadelphia county, now Mont-
18



HISTORY OF THE YEAGER FAMILY

gomery, February 19. 1767. He was baptized and confirmed
in the Reformed church, and was married July 1st, 1788, to
Catharine Ran, daughter of Frederick Ran, who was born
December 5th, 1772. They had six sons and three daugh-
ters. John Yeager died February 19, 1835. His funeral
sermon was preached by Rev. Isaac Gerhart of the Reformed
church and his text was Isaiah 57th Chapter, 2nd verse :
"He shall rest in peace."

Catharine Yeager died April 19, 1841. The funeral ser-
vices were conducted by Rev. Emanuel V. Gerhart, who after-
wards became president of the Theological Seminary of the
Reformed church at Lancaster, Penna., and who was con-
nected with that institution for many years. Rev. E. V.
Gerhart was the son of the Rev. Isaac Gerhart, previously
mentioned, and in 1897 was the oldest living graduate of
Franklin and Marshall College. The young preacher took
for his text more than sixty years prior to his own departure
the 7th and 8th verses of the Fourth Chapter of Second Tim-
othy. "I have fought a good fight ; I have finished my
course ; I have kept the faith." Both John and Catharine
are buried at St. David's Reformed church, Killinger, near
Millersburg.

John Jacob Yeager, the second son of John Yeager,
son of Andrew, was born March nth, 1793, m Dauphin
county. He served in the War of 18 12, and in 1830 secured
from the Patent Office in Washington a patent for a mold-
board of a plow. This mold-board has been universally
used throughout the United States.

( Fac-simile of Jacob Yeager's signature, 1859.)
19



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY




John Jacob Yeager (1 793-1869)

from whom the village of Yeagertown derives its name and who secur-
ed in 1830 a patent from the United States Patent Bureau.



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY



Fac-Simile of Patent



Department of the Interior

United States Patent Office

Washington, D. C, Jan. u, 1896.
Mr. James M. Yeager,

Drew Ladies' Seminary,

Carmel, N. Y.
Sir: — In reply to your letter of Jan. 7th, you are ad-
vised that a patent was issued on June 9, 1830, to Jacob Ya-
ger, of Harrisburg, Pa., for Cast Iron Plough.

By direction of the Commissioner.
Very respectfully.
George L. Norton, Chief Clerk.

No. 128

IN CONFORMITY to an act of Congress,
entitled "An act to promote the progress of the
useful arts," approved 21st February, 1793. /
have received of Jacob Yager, of Pennsylva-
nia thirty dollars, which sum has been placed
to the credit of my account in the Branch Bank
at Washington, under date of June Jth, 1830,
and for which I have signed duplicate receipts.
John Campbell,
Treasurer of the United States.
Registered: L. T. Smith,

Register of the Treasury.



21



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY

Jacob Yeager was married in 1815 to Susanna Fisher,
nee Buffington. They had eight children, of whom Jeremiah
M. was the youngest. Jacob Yeager moved from Dauphin
county to Derry township, Mifflin county, in 1842. As he
had a large family and purchased an extensive tract of land
including a flour mill on the banks of the Kishacoquillas
the little village was given the name of Yeagertown.

In 1859 the old mill which had been erected in 1795,
was torn down and a new mill was built, Jacob's youngest
son. Jeremiah M., becoming proprietor. He was twice mar-
ried. His first marriage, to Mary Jane Creighton. took place
December 2$, 1854. Miss Creighton was of Scotch, Scotch-
Irish and Welsh ancestry. From this union there were three
sons: William Jacob, born November 7, 1855; James Mar-
tin, born November 2, 1857; Jesse Orin, born May 11, 1864.

Mrs. Mary J. Yeager died March 22, 1873, and was
buried in the M. E. cemetery at Yira, Penna.

Jeremiah M. Yeager was married again December 22.
1874, to Mrs. Anna Maria (Mann) Brisbin, a daughter of
Win. Mann, founder of the Mann Axe and Tool Works near
I.ewistown, Fa. Her ancestry is English and Irish. The
only child of this marriage now living is Mrs. Charles A.
( Bertha Mann) Rice of Reedsville. Fa.

Jeremiah M. Yeager died December 30, 1906. The fu-
neral services were in charge of his pastor, the Rev. John T.
Fell, of the Yeagertown Methodist Episcopal Church, assist-
ed by the Rev. A. IF Spangler, D. IF, pastor for many years
of the Yeagertown Lutheran Church ; the Rev. E. 1 1. Yocum,
1). I)., of the Lewistown M. E. Church, the Rev. S. G.
Shannon, ;i Lutheran minister and warm personal friend of
22



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY

Mr. Yeager's of Norwood, Penna. Mr. Shannon spoke in
part as follows :

"In the removal of Jeremiah M. Yeager I have lost one
of my best friends on earth. An acquaintance formed thirty-
five years ago, immediately ripened with friendship — a
friendship which never was broken. He was a man of
positive character, high ideals, and a nature deeply imbued
with the spirit of the Golden Rule. He was an honored
member of the Methodist Episcopal church for many years,
a broad minded, liberal hearted Christian man ; beloved as
a citizen, scrupulously honest in his business transactions,
and commanded the full confidence of all who knew him.
His motives were high, his ideals were lofty and his life
squared with both. He believed in the great verities of the
Christian religion ; and at the close of a long and useful life
he calmly passed last Sabbath evening into the larger life as
quietly as one "who wraps the draperv of his couch about
him and lies down to pleasant dreams." He will be long
missed and long remembered."

He was buried in the Hill Cemetery, near Reedsville.
his sons \V. J., James M. and J. O. ; his two step-sons, Dr.
Chas. H. Brisbin and Wm. M. Brisbin, and his son-in-law,
Chas. A. Rice, bore him tenderly to his resting-place.



23



HISTORY OE THE Y EAGER FAMILY




Jeremiah M. Yeager (1832-1906

Great-grandson of Andrew Yeager.
Great-grandson of Benjamin Buffington,
Grandson of George Buffington,

—Soldiers of th<> Revoluti
Great-grandson of John Peter Hoffman,

French and Indian \\ a

:\



HISTORY OF THE V EAGER FAMILY



To the founders of states mankind has always offered
extraordinary honors. Washington was the foremost figure
in the group of great men who carved the foundations of
the American commonwealth, and sketched the plan of its
structure. As the pillars of liberty and justice rise from gen-
eration to generation, sheltering larger and larger segments
of humanity, the work does not transcend the design of the
founders. We shall not fall into error, if we dwell on their
deeds with gratitude and reverence ; for thereby we draw in-
spiration from the past, and are, ourselves, uplifted as citi-
zens and as men. — (Hon. Horace White, Governor of New
York, in an address before the Society of the Sons of the
Revolution.)



25



HISTORY OF THE YEAGER FAMILY
Battle of Trenton

Under General George Washington, in which Andrew Yeager, great-
grandfather of Jeremiah M. Yeager, participated.

Washington proposed to cross the river and surprise
the Hessians at different points. A council of war was held,
and Christmas night was fixed upon for the enterprise. By
the plan proposed Washington himself was to cross nine
miles above Trenton, and march down on that place. Colonel
Ewing, with the Pennsylvania militia, was to cross over a
mile below the town, and secure the bridge over Assunpink
creek, at the south side of it. and thus cut off the enemy's re-
treat. Adjutant-general Reed and Colonel Cadwalader, who
were stationed at Bristol, nearly opposite Burlington, were
to cross below that place and advance against Count Donop's
division. The attacks were to be simultaneous, and five
o'clock on the morning of the twenty-sixth was the hour
agreed upon.

Just after sunset, on Christmas night, the division under
Washington, twenty-four hundred in number, began to pass
over. With this division was a train of twenty field-pieces,
under the command of Colonel Knox. The river was filled
with floating ice, and the weather was intensely cold. The
boats were guided by Col. Glover, and his regiment of Alar-
blehead fishermen, the same who had guided the boats on
the memorable retreat from Long Island. The night was ex-
tremely dark and tempestuous, and the floating ice and
strong wind drove them out of their course again and again.

Washington had hoped to be on the march by midnight,
hut hour after hour passed, and it was four o'clock before
the artillery was landed, and the troops ready to move on.
They marched in two divisions, one led by Washington,
(with whom were Generals Greene, Stirling, Mercer and
Stephen), by a circuitous route to the north of the town.
26



HISTORY OF THE Y EAGER FAMILY



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27



HISTORY OF THE V EAGER FAMILY



while the otner, under Sullivan, with whom was Col. John
Stark, with his New Hampshire band, was to advance by a
direct road along the river, to the west and south side. Sul-
livan was to halt at a certain point to allow time for the main
division to make the circuit.

It was eight oclock before this division reached the im-
mediate neighborhood of Trenton ; they had struggled
through a terrible storm of hail and snow ; it had impeded
their march, but it had also aided to conceal their movements
from the enemy. Washington, who had pushed on with the
advance, asked of a man who was chopping wood by the
roadside the way to the Hessian picket. He answered gruff-
ly, "I don't know," and went on with his work. "You may
tell," said Captain Forrest, of the artillery, "for that is Gen-
eral Washingon." "God bless and prosper you !" exclaimed
the man raising his hands to heaven, "the picket is in that
house, and the sentry stands near that tree."

In a few minutes the picket guards were driven in.
Late as it was the Hessians were completely surprised. Ac-
cording to their custom, they had indulged freely in the
festivity of Christmas and were resting thoughtlessly of
danger when the drum suddenly beat to arms. All was con-
fusion. At the first alarm. Colonel Rahl, who learned from
the lieutenant of the picket-guard that a large force was ad-
vancing to surround him, endeavored to rally his panic-
stricken troops. He seems to have meditated a retreat to
Princeton ; he had, in fact, passed out of the town, but the
ambition of the soldier triumphed in his breast ; how could


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