James Martin Yeager.

An brief history of the Yeager, Buffington, Creighton, Jacobs, Lemon, Hoffman and Woodside families, and their collateral kindred of Pennsylvania online

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advantages, again summoned Col. Magaw to surrender.
The force of the assailants was too great to be resisted, the
fort was too small to contain all the men, and the ammuni-
tion was nearly exhausted. The garrison, therefore, con-
sisting of about 2000 men surrendered as prisoners of war.
Washington, surrounded by several of the officers, had
been an anxious spectator of the battle from the opposite
side of the Hudson. Much of it was hidden from him by
intervening hills and forest ; but the roar of cannonry from
the valley of Harlem river, the sharp and incessant report of
rifles, and the smoke rising above the tree tops, told him of
the spirit with which the assault was received at various
193



T If 11 J A C O B S F A M I L Y

points, and gave him for a time hope that the defense might
be successful. The action about the lines to the south lay
open to him. and could be distinctly seen through a tele-
scope ; and nothing encouraged him more than the gallant
style in which Cadwalader with an inferior force maintained
his position. When he saw him, however, assailed in flank.
the line broken, and his troops, overpowered by numbers,
retreating to the fort, he gave up the game as lost. The
worst sight of all was to behold his men cut down and
bayoneted by the Hessians while begging quarter. Tt is said
so completely to have overcome him that he wept "with the
tenderness of a child."

The sight of the American flag hauled down and the
British flag waving in its place told Washington of the sur-
render.



I'M



THE LEMON FAMILY



The Scotch-Irish



Hie famous Pennsylvania Line Regiment was made up
almost wholly of Irishmen, whose conspicuous part in the
struggle made Colonel Custis. the adopted son of Washing-
ton, exclaim : "Let the shamrock be entwined with laurels of
the Revolution, and truth and justice, guiding the pen of his-
tory, inscribe upon the tablet of America's remembrance : —
"Eternal Gratitude to Irishmen."

—Rev. Madison C. Peters, D. D.



195



THE L E M N F A M I L Y



Lemon Memoranda



JOHN LEMON, great-grandfather of Mary J. Creiqh-
ton Yeager, Yeagertown, was born in County Antrim, North
Ireland, in 1 76 1 ; came to this country when a small boy, and
enlisted in the Revolutionary War at the aqe of fourteen.
His military record, furnished by War Department, was as
follows : John Lemon enlisted as a private in Capt. John
Harris's Company, in the Twelfth Pennsylvania Regiment,
about September, 1775, and continued in the service until
about the first day of January, 1783, when he was honor-
ably discharged at Carlisle, Pa. He stated in his declaration
that he participated in the battles of Trenton, Princeton,
Springfield, Piscataway, Short Hills, Ash Swamp, Brandy-
wine, Paoli, Germantown and Monmouth, and that he re-
ceived seven different wounds, most of which were very
severe.

A record in the Archives of Pennsylvania states that
the greater portion of the 12th regiment was recruited upon
the West Branch of the Susquehanna, and on the eighteenth
of December left Sunbury in boats, for the battle-fields of
Xew Jersey. Being composed of good riflemen and scouts,
it was detailed on picket and skirmish duty. It was in
Brigadier-General Thomas Conway's brigade. In the battle
of Brandywine, the 12th was engaged under General Sulli-
van at Birmingham Church and lost heavily. At German-
town, Conway's brigade led the attack on the left wing of
the British, being in front of the troops that composed the
right wing of the American army, and the I2th was in the
hottest of the fight, losing heavily. The 12th wintered with
196



THE LEMON FAMILY

the rest of the army at Valley Forge and at Monmouth the
remnant of it was nearly destroyed, as testified to in many
of the statements made by the privates on file in the office
of the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In
this battle John Lemon was wounded in the head and left leg.
In July, 1778. the 12th regiment, which had been reduced
to a skeleton, was incorporated with the 3rd, and on Jan. 17,
1781, the third was re-organized and after recruiting at
Easton, accompanied Gen. Wayne upon the Southern cam-
paign. That this man possessed the material of which he-
roes are made, is evidenced by the fact that after being in
ten battles of the Revolution, receiving seven wounds, en-
during the hardships of Valley Forge and suffering untold
privations, we find him in the autumn of 1793, again enlist-
ing under "Mad Anthony Wayne" who was commanded by
President Washington to quell the Indian troubles in the
Northwest. John Lemon was one of the number who help-
ed carry the logs to build the original Fort Wayne. A vivid
description of the great march and Wayne's unprecedented
victory over the Indians is given in Slack's "Story of Ohio":
In 1790. the Red Men won a great victory over Gen.
Harmer, near the site of Fort Wayne, and in the following
year they inflicted a terrible defeat upon Gen. St. Clair near
the head waters of the Wabash. They now tried to make
a treatv which should exclude the white settlers from this
region. It was a ghastly defeat. The face of every settler
in ( )hio blanched at the news. Kentucky was thrown into
excitement, and even western Pennsylvania nervously peti-
tioned for protection. St. Clair was criticised and insulted.
A committee of congress found him without blame ; but he
had been defeated and no amount of reasoning could unlink
his name from the tragedy of the dark November morning.
197



THE LEMON F A M I L Y










L98



THE LEMON* FAMILY

Every effort was made to win over the Indians before mak-
ing- another use of force. The government sent peace-mes-
sengers into the northwest. In one manner or another near-
ly every one of the messengers was murdered. The Indians
who listened at all would hear of no terms of peace that did
not promise the removal of the whites from the northern side
of the Ohio. The British urged the tribes to make this ex-
treme demand. Spain also sent mischief-makers into the
camps of the exultant Red Men. More bloodshed became in-
evitable and in execution of this last resort came one of the
most popular of the Revolutionary chieftains — ''Mad An-
thony" Wayne.

Wayne led his army from Cincinnati, in October of
1793. He advanced carefully in the path taken by St. Clair,
found and buried the bones of St. Clair's six hundred lost;
wintered at Greenville, and in the summer of 1 794, moved
against the foe with strong reinforcements from Kentucky.
After a preliminary skirmish between the Indians and the
troops, Wavne. in accordance with his instructions, made a
last offer of peace. The offer was evasively met and Wayne
pushed on. On the morning of Wednesday, the 20th of
August, 1794, the 'legion' came upon the united tribes of
Indians, encamped upon the north bank of the Maumee, and
there near the rapids of the Maumee, the Indians were
forced to face the most alert and vigorous enemy they had
vet encountered. The same daring tactics that had carried
Stony Point and made Anthony Wayne historic, were here
directed against the Indians' timber coverts. Encouraging
and marshaling the Indians were painted Canadian white
men, bearing British arms. Many of these fell in the heaps
of dead and some were captured. When Wayne announces
his victory, he declared that the Indian loss was greater than
199



THE LEMON E A M I L Y



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THE LEMON FAMILY

that incurred by the entire federal army in the war with
Great Britain. Tims ended the Indian reign of terror. After
destroying the Indian crops and possessions, in sight of the
British fort. Wayne fell back to Greenville and there made
the celebrated treaty, by which on Aug. 3, 1795, the Red
Men came to a permanent peace with the Thirteen Fires.
From Cincinnati to Campus Martius, Wayne's victory sent a
thrill of relief, the treaty ceding to the Union two-thirds of
the present State of Ohio, guaranteed the safety of all set-
tlers who respected the Indians' rights and set in motion
once more the machinery of immigration.

John Lemon attended the funeral of his old commander.
General Wayne, in December, 1796.



John Lemon Wounded at the Battle of Monmouth

The battle of Monmouth occurred on the 28th of June.
1778; a fearfully hot day, evinced by the fact that fifty-nine
of the British soldiers died of heat, without receiving a
wound. Xear the old parsonage of the Freehold, Xew Jer-
sey, church, the hottest of the fighting took place.

After General Lee's retreat was checked by General
Washington, in person, the latter formed a new line for his
advanced troops, and put Lee again in command. General
Washington then rode back to the main body, and formed it
on an eminence, with a road in the rear and a morass in the
front. The left was commanded by Lord Stirling, with a
detachment of artillery ; Lafayette, with Wayne, was posted
in the center, partly in an orchard, and partly sheltered by
a barn ; General Greene was on the right, with his artillery,
under General Knox, posted on commanding ground. Gcn-
201



THE LEMON F A M I L Y







202



T H E , L E M O N FAMILY

eral Lee maintained his advanced position as long as he
could, himself coming off with his rear across a road, which
traversed the morass in front of Stirling's troops. The
British followed sharp, and, meeting with a warm reception,
endeavored to turn the left flank, but were driven back.
They then tried the right, but were met by General Greene's
forces, and heavy discharges from Knox's artillerv, which
not only checked them, but raked the whole length of the col-
umns in front of the left wing. Then came a determined
effort to break the center, maintained by General Wavne
and the Pennsylvania regiments, and the Royal Grenadiers,
the flower of the British army, were orderd to do it. They
advanced several times, crossing a hedge row in front of the
morass, and were driven back. Colonel Monckton, their
commander, then made a speech to his men, (the troops at
the parsonage and those in the orchard heard his ringing
voice above the storm of the battle) and, forming the
Grenadiers in solid column, advanced to the charge like
troops on parade, the men marching with such precision
that a ball from Comb's hill, enfilading a platoon, disarmed
every man.

Wavne ordered his men to reserve their fire, and the
British came on in silence within a few rods, when Monrk-
ton waved his sword above his head, and ordered his Gren-
adiers to charge ; simultaneously, Wayne ordered his men to
fire, and a terrible volley laid low the front ranks, and most
of the officers. The colors were in advance, to the right,
with the colonel, and they went down with him. Captain
Wilson and his company, who were on the right of the first
Pennsylvania, made a rush for the colors and the body of
the colonel. The Grenadiers fought desperately, and a hand
to hand struggle ensued, but the Pennsylvanians secured his
203



T HE L E M ON FA M I L Y




Hon. John A. Lemon



204



THE LEMON



FAMILY



body and the colors. The Grenadiers gave way, the whole
British army fell back to Lee's position in the morning, and
decamped so quietly in the night that General Poor, who
laid near them, with orders to recommence the battle in the
morning, was not aware of their departure.



C Nancy, born May 18, 1783; married
Samuel Jacobs

Jane, born July t8, 1799; married
Thomas Wherry, who was born
Aug. 16, 1789.
Afterwards married Cochrane.

Catharine, born August, 1792; mar-
{ ried Broom; died Sept. II, 1868.

John, married Elizabeth Jacobs, lived
at Pennsylvania Furnace and was
buried at Half Moon.

Xeal, a soldier of the War of 1812,
Grandfather of Senator and Audi-
tor General John Lemon of Blair
countv. Penna.



JOHN LEMON,
born in 1761 ;
married

Catharine Schreyer



Taken from Morning Tribune, Tuesday, Sept. 17, 1895.
HON. JOHN A. LEMON



His death at his home in Hollidaysburg yesterday afternoon



QUIETLY PASSED TO THE BEYOND



His family was around his bedside when the last summons came and he
passed peacefully away from time to eternity

Hon. John A. Lemon, son of Samuel, son of Neal, son
of John, the Revolutionary soldier. ex-Auditor General of
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, five times elected to

205



THE LEMON F A M I L Y

the State Senate from the Blair-Cambria district, and an
acknowledged leader in the State Councils of the Republican
party, died at his Mansion home on Allegheny Street, Hol-
lidaysburg, yesterday afternoon at i 40 o'clock, after an ill-
ness of ten days' duration.

Every member of his family was present at his death
bed, and warm, devoted friends assembled at his home to
witness with sorrow his life tide ebbing away. On Saturday
and Sunday the watchers at his bedside thought that they
saw some signs of improvement in his condition. But they
had been hoping against hope and on Sunday night the heart
action grew weaker and the complications indicated that the
end was near. Yesterday morning his family prepared them-
selves as best they could for the final summons which they
knew must soon come. Conscious almost to the last, and
able to recognize members of the family by the expression
of his eyes, the patient could not speak. This was due to
his extremely weak condition, and the difficulty with which
he breathed. At 1 :_j.o P. M. he expired.

The illness ending in the death of Senator Lemon dates
from the time of the late State Republican Convention in
Harrisburg. Col. Lemon was there, and he worked inces-
santly in behalf of Senator Quay. The weather was very
disagreeable, there being two days of rain. Senator Lemon,
like everybody else, was obliged to subject himself to the ex-
posure. His system was not in condition to stand it. He
came home with a deep-seated cold, which rapidly developed
into pleuro-pneumonia and later into typhoid-pneumonia
symptoms.

Senator Lemon was undoubtedly the most popular pub-
lic man of this section of the State, not only in his official ca-
pacity but as a citizen and as a friend. He was a man of
the people, never posed as a representative of the classes, but
rather as a friend of the masses, and this happy faculty led
his constituents throughout the district to bestow upon him
the title of "Uncle John."

The familv records seem to be deficient as to his age.
Enough, however, has been learned to state that he was
verging on his 69th year. He was born at the Summit, Cam-
bria county. His father, Samuel Lemon, was one of the
pioneer coal men in the State. The Senator owned to his
(King day the old stone house at the Summit in which he
was born. He fashioned it into a delightful summer retreat.
where his family were wont to spend the heated season and

206



THE L E M X F A M I L Y

where he entertained many prominent men of the State, who
stopped at Cresson Springs.

Fie was a self made man and received his education in
the common schools of his native county. In early life he
followed coal operating and railroad contracting. The
"Lemon Vein" of coal for many years formed one of the
richest yields of the mountain mines.

He was a staunch Republican from boyhood. His first
political office was that of burgess of Hollidaysburg, which
office he filled from 1869 to 1872. In 1872, he was elected
to the State Senate, and so acceptable were his services
there, that he was returned in 1876. He gained great prom-
inence in State politics, the result being that in 1880 he was
nominated on the Republican ticket and elected Auditor Gen-
eral of Pennsylvania. At the close of his term in this De-
partment of the State Government, he made a close run for
the Republican nomination for Congress in this district
against Hon. Edward Scull, of Somerset.

In 1888, his party again called him to the State Sen-
ate and the majority at this election was the largest he ever
received in the district when there was opposition. He was
re-elected in 1892, and his opposition for yet another and
6th term was only of a scattering nature.

He belonged to the Masonic craft and was a life mem-
ber of Juniata Lodge, No. 282, Free and Accepted Masons,
of Hollidaysburg. He was also a director in the First Na-
tional Bank of Hollidaysburg for many years.

He was married to P>arbara, daughter of the late Nich-
olas Walker, of Franklin township. Their union of felicity
was made blessed by 7 children, viz : Charles, who is a civil
engineer, located at Philipsburg, Centre County ; Olive, wife
of Geo. M. Fulford, Esq., an attorney-at-law, of Clearfield,
Pa., Misses Katharine and Margaret, young ladies, who were
graduated from the Hollidaysburg High School last spring ;
Jean Moore. Samuel and John. His surviving brother is
Samuel Lemon, a prominent railroad contractor of Philadel-
phia, who was unremitting in his attentions and care at his
brother's bedside.

The funeral will occur on Wednesday at 3 P. M. at the
residence. The members of Juniata LodVe, No. 282, Free
and Accepted Mason, will attend in a body. Interment will
be made in the Presbyterian Cemetery.

207



Uifniied -States Senate,

COMMITTEE ON FINANCE.

January 11, 1912.

Hon. James M. Y eager,

Lewis town, Penna.
Dear Yeager:

I have yours of 8th instant and note contents
of the same.

I shall always recall with pleasure my plea-
sant association with Senator Lemon, of Blair
County, when he and I were oolleagues in the State
Senate. He had a patriotic ancestry who we:r<e among
the early settlers of this Commonwealth. He was
himself a patriotic Pennsylvanian by inheritance
and by nature, and his entire life was spent among
our people. He filled high public stations for
many years serving as an Aide on the Staff of
Governor John W. Geary; as Chief Burgess of the
town in which he resided; as State Senator, and
as Auditor-General, the duties of which he dis-
charged with fidelity and honesty. He ^was a loyal,,
patriotic, honest, generous, open-handed man,
highly regarded by the people of his own County,
who worked faithfully for the interests of his
District and of the State. His memory will always
be cherished among his friends with cordial regard.
Yours sincerely,



/?~* 6L



BP/T

208



THE LEMON FAMILY



John A. Lemon

On Wednesday, February 24, 1897, in the Senate Cham-
ber at Harrisburg, Pa., addresses in memory of Hon. John
A. Lemon, late a member of the Senate from the Thirty-fifth
District were delivered by Senators Gobin, Crouse, Stites,
McQuown, Osbourn, Kauffman, Stineman, Critchfield, Say-
lor and Walton.

The President pro tempore of the Senate, Senator,
now Judge, McCarrell presided and prayer was offered by
the Chaplain, Rev. William A. West, D". D.

The memorial addresses were all most appropriate and
eloquent and by vote of the Senate "fifteen hundred copies
of the proceedings were printed and bound in cloth for
the use of the Senate."



Short Hills Celehrates



First Exercises in Memory of Revolutionary Battle
in Which John Lemon Participated

Short Hills, X. J., June 25, 1907 — About a thousand
persons attended this afternoon the exercises in commem-
oration of the battle of Short Hills, which took place on
June 25, 1777, during the Revolutionary War. This is the
first time, it is said, that the battle has been celebrated, and
today's commemoration was largely due to the efforts of the
Rev. James T. Brown, of St. Rose of Lima Catholic Church.

The exercises consisted of a flag raising and the dedi-
cation of two pyramids of twenty-one shells each, given to
the village by the War Department. Representative Eugene
Kinkead, of Hudson county, brought the matter up in Con-
gress at the instance of Father Brown.

As a part of the commemoration the graduating exer-
cises of the school connected with the Church of St. Rose of
Lima were held A flagstaff had been erected on Short
Hills avenue in front of the school, and on either side a
pyramid of shells was placed. On the side of the school
tablet was set. upon which is inscribed: "Short Hills, 1777.
Washington's Headquarters. June 18, 1780."

209



THE L E M N F A M I L Y



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210



THE LEMON FAMILY

John B. Bunnell, cashier of the First National Bank of
Millburn, whose grandfather was killed in a battle with the
Hessians, at Union, raised the flag and dedicatory address
was delivered by Professor James T. Mackey, of Jersey
City. Father Brown addressed the graduates at the school.
Music was furnished by a band from Jersey City.

( George A., born July 10, 1816.
THOMAS WHERRY j Ann Eliza, born Oct. 7, 1818.

married J John, born July 5, 1821.

JANE LEMON, j Nancy Jane! born March 31,

daughter of John Lemon j 1827; married D. C. Mat-
L ter.

Ann Eliza Wherry, grand-daughter of John Lemon,
was born Oct. 7, 1818: was married to George Andrew
Green March 16th, 1837.

To this union seven children were born, as follows :

1. Jane Edith, born December 9th, 1837.

2. ' Elizabeth Foresman, born June 26, 1839.

3. Sarah Ann, born January 7, 1842.

4. Alpheus Hinton, born December 14, 1844.

5. Mary Gertrude, born October 15, 1848.

6. Harriet King, born July 14, 1853. Harriet-King
Green died in infancy and is buried at Churchhill Cemetery,
near Reedsville, Pa.

7. Harrie Nelson, born May 7, 1858.

All these children were born in Mifflin County, Penna.,
except Harrie Nelson ; he was born in Atwater, Portage Co.,
Ohio.

George Andrew Green, died Aug. 15, 1892. Ann Eliza
Green died Jan. 21. 1901. Both buried at Atwater, Portage
Co., Ohio. They are survived by two children, six grand-
children and five great-grandchildren.

Tane Edith Green was married to Dr. T. A. Borton,
211



THE LEMON FAMILY



Oct. 28, 1858. and resided in Plymouth. Ind. They had
three daughters :

t. Harriet Green

2. Grace Wherry

3. Maliel St. L.

Jane Edith (Green) Borton died April 11, [S95, and is
buried at Plymouth, Ind.




Samuel Lemon Jean Moore Lemon

Father and Mother of Hon. John A. Lemon



Harriet Green Borton, daughter of Dr. T. A. and Jane

Borton was married to (diaries Wilson Boyd, a lawyer by

profession, and resides at Salt Lake City, Utah. They have

had two sons: Harold Borton, the first horn, dying in in-

212



THE LEMON FAMILY

fancy ; the second son, Frederick Artemus, has graduated
from the High School at Salt Lake City, Utah, and is now a
student at Culver Military School, in Marshall Co., Ind.

Grace Wherry Borton was married to Dr. N. B. Aspin-
all, in June, 1896; they had one infant daughter. They re-
side at Plymouth, Ind.

Mabel St. L. Borton was married to Ralph E. Beebe, and
resides at Kansas City. Mo. They have had two sons and
one daughter ; one son dying in infancy ; the other children
are Stanley and Katherine ; both school children.

2. Elizabeth Foresman Green was, married to John S.
Hinman Sept. 15, 1859. They had three children : I. Emma
Jane. 2. Frank Elder. 3 Charlie Green.

Charlie Green Hinman died in infancy.

Elizabeth Foresman (Green) Hinman died Jan. 4, t8 q 7,
and is buried at Peoria, 111.

Emma Jane Hinman was married to I. F. Luthy and
resides at Albuquerque, New Mexico. They have one
daughter and one son.

Emma Estella, the daughter, has graduated from the
High School at Albuquerque, and is a student at the Uni-
versity of Albuquerque.

Charles Frederick, the son, is a student at the High
School.

Frank Elder Hinman, son of John and Elizabeth Hin-
man, was married to Miss Anna Carroll and resides at
Peoria, 111. No children.

3. Sarah Ann Green was married to Wiliam H. Vor-
hees of Philadelphia, Oct. 31, 1872.

4. Alpheus Hinton Green, followed in the footsteps of
his illustrious ancestor and went to war before he was eigh-
teen years old. He enlisted as private in Co. K, 115th O.

213



THE L E M ON FA M I L Y




Jane Wherry (Cochran)

Daughter of John Lemon of Revolutionary lame.
Died at Yeagertown, Pa.



21 I



THE LEMON FAMILY

V. I., August 15th, 1862. Appointed from Corp. to Sergt.
June 1, 1865. Mustered out with Company June 22, 1865.
After his return from the army he studied dentistry and was
married to Miss Mary Baughman of Clark Co., 111.. Decem-
her 24, 187 1. They had two children (George Allen and
Xora Baughman). His wife died Feb. 16, 1877. He after-
wards married Miss Rosanna Carl vie who survives him. He
died April 28, 1893, and is buried at Portland. Oregon.

His son, George Allen Green, died at Portland, Oregon.
Sept 29, 1890, aged ij years.

The daughter, Xora, that survives is a school teacher
in the Portland, Oregon, schools.


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