tilted by the Apoftles.
He mentions but two Orders of the New Tefta-
ment Officers, BiJhoi>s and D^acom- There were fe-;
io6 An Abridgment of
veralBifliops in the C(>rimhtanC\\\irc\\y (whom Clemens
calls Presbyters) as there was in the Phtlippian Church,
I. 1. but he nowhere mentions any Chief Bifhop
there. On che contrary, he affirms that the Preshy
ters ferformd the Duties of their Efifcopacy — m' ^^^ r^
Clemens exhorts the Corinthians to be fubjed to their
Presbyters? i.W]«y^T« ror? v^iT/ivTi^t^,
Nay, further, he fays. Even our Apojlles underflood
hy Jefus Chriji that there woud be Strife about the Name
of Efifcofacy ; for this very Reafon therefore^ having per*
feB Knowledge thereof before hand, they ordain d the irfure^-
faid officers i. e. B^Jho'ps and Deacons, tn Xca^ tfui 'sfec' ricvo-
* It's manifeft, adds the Redor, that Chrift mo-
* del'd his little Flock according to this Pattern ; him^
^ fdf being as it were the High Priefty the 1 2 Apoftles
^ his Seconds, and the 70 Difciples ftill of a lower
Anf. I. Is it manifefli that Jefus Chrift was but as
It were the High Pnefl ? This makes a pleafant Sound
in the Ears of a Soctnian.
The Author to the Hebrevis tells us, he had a real
friefthood, and that he was and is rhe High Priejl of
2. Is it manijejl, that the 12 Apoftles were under
Chrift as the Priefts under the Chief Priefts > J trow
TiOt. That they were under him none queftions ;
fcut not as Priefts, neither in a Proteftant or Popifti
Senfe. The Number of 12 has no relation to the
Prieftliood, the Priefts were divided into 24 Orders
and not into 1 2. i Chron. 24.
3. It is mantfefty that the 72 Difciples anfwer'd the
The Learned Aflertors of Prelacy make 'em to an-
fwer the 72 Elders, (who were not a Bench of infe-
rior Levites) under Mofesy who was no High Prieft)
the fupreme Power was lodg'd in em, which he'll
'Mr.]. Ov/^n sTlea. 107
fcarce allow the Presbyters, much lefs the Deacons,
whom the 70 Difciples reprefented according to the
* He feem'd, fays the Rcdor, to leave his Church
* in a State of Oligarchy^ or in the Power of 1 2.
A^if. The Writers of Politicks fay, that Oligarchy is
the Corruption of Anftocracy. Burgerfdicius defcribes it
to be the Oppreffion of the Multitude by a few of
the Nobles. And did our Lord leave his Church in
fuch a Srate }
*■ Neither, fays he, did Chrift commit the Power
* unto the 1 2 'emfekes, but was wholly filent therein.
Hoiii then came they by it ? He adds, by Order of Nature^
one wQud think.
Anf. And truly one woud think the Redor were in a
Dream, when he makes the Apoftles to govern the
Church by an ufurped Power which Chrift never
committed to them.
V/e'Jl now confider his Scripture Inftances of Or-
dination without Presbyters.
1. His firft Inftance of Ordination in ASis i. wc
are not concerned in ; uniefs it be to obferve, th^t if
Matthiod was ordain'd, as he faith he was, 'tis ar|
Inftance of Ordination without Impofition of Hands.
* 2. The next is the Ordination of the 7 Dea*
* cons, ABs 6. They were, faith he, dz&gnd to diftrir
* bute the publick Alms unto the Poor ; the multi-
* tude of Believers chofe em, the Apoftles approved
' 'em, and appointed em over that Bufincfs, by Faft-
* ing and Prayer, and laying on of Hands, v, 6,
*■ whereby alfo they became ordain'd to the Miniftry.
Anf. It's obfervable here,
I- He acknowledges the People's Right to chufc
their Minifters, tho' he does not tell us why they are
depriv'd of it.
2. He owns thefe 7 Deacons were to ferve the
io8 An Ahridgment of
Poor, but adds, their Ordination for that Bufinefs
made em alfo Minifters. But this is a great Miftake,
as will appear by the 7 enfuing Reafons.
L I. Becaufe the Apoftles found it too difficult to
ferve the Poor and attend the Minilby, AEls 6. 2, 5,
4. ^7iS not reajon we fioud leave the Word of God and
jerve "lablesy "wherefore look out among you feven Meuy
'whom we may appoint over this Bufinefs-', but we will give
curfelves continually to Prayer, and to the Miniftry of the
So that the Miniflry of the Word and the Serving of
Tables are diftind Offices — If Serving of Tables was
a hinderance to the Afoftles Miniltry, wou*d it not be
fo to the Deacons ?
1. The occafion of chufing Deacons was the Ne-
ceffity of the Poor, the People chofe 'em not to preach,
hut ferve Tables. There's not one Syllable of their
Ordination to the Miniftry of the Word.
5. Ability y or Aptnefs to teach, is not mention'd among
the Qualifications of Deacons, as 'tis in thofe of a
Bijlop, I T'im, 3. The Apoilie diftinguifhes the Bijhop
from the Deacon by this MukI^kU apt to teach, which is
not requir'd in the Deacons.
4. The Vlth General Council of Conftantinople held
A. D. 6p2. in which were 166 Bijhops, acknowledges
the Scripture-Deacons to be no more than Overfeers
of the Poor, and that this was the Senfe of the Fa-
thers of former Ages. Can. 1 6.
5. About the middle of the Vth Age, the Deacons
in cafes of urgent Neceffity were permitted to read
Homilies in the Church.
6' If the Ordination ef 'em as Deacons, made 'em
Minifters of the Word, how comes the Church to or-
dain 'em again •>
7. How comes their Ordination to ferve 'fables,
to make 'em alfo Preachers } They may as well fay,
the Ordination of a Parifh Prieft makes him a Dio-
Mr. J. Ow€nVTlea. i o 9
But ht us hear the Reafons.
'Tis faid, Stepheny one of 'em, did great Wonders,
Anfw. 'Tis not faid he preach'd, but difputed in the
Synagogue, which any private Man might do, v. p.
I Pet. 3. 15.
'Tis further urg d, that Philipy one of 'em, after-
wards preach'd at Samaria.
Anj, While at Jcrufalem he cxercis'd the OfEce of a
Deacon, AEls 8. 4, 5. and then might be advanc'd to
the Degree of an Evangelifl ; and Bifhop Pearfon fays
he really was fo at this time he preach'd. LeB, V. in
AB- p- 66.
Philip preach'd as a Mimpr, and not as a Deacon,
and if he had done otherwife it is but what was ufu-
ally done by gifted Men in thofe extraordinary times.
Crotius quotes AEls ii. 20. for private Perfons
preaching in thofe times of Perfecution. inAEls 8.5.
Hilaript^ the Deacon fays, that in the beginning of
Chriftianity all were permitted to preach and explain
the Scriptures, i-Cor, 14. 24. — m Eph.^,
Thus Apollos did, tho' not baptiz'd with the Bap-
tifm of Chrift, and therefore not then ordain'd by the
Apoftles, ABs 18.24, 25.
Origen preach'd without Ordination, and fo do the
Fellows of Colleges in Oxford and Cambridge fome-
times, as I have been inform'd.
' Presbyters cou'd not ordain, fays the Redor, be-
^ caufe Philip the Deacon cou'd not confer the Holy
' Ghofl: on the Believing Samaritans^ p. 7, 8.
Anf. No more can the Bifhops confer the Holy
Ghoft. 'timothp T'lttiSy and other Evangeiifls had
Power to ordain, but not of giving the Holy Ghoft.
Befides, Dr. Hammond and feveral others, think that
Confirmation only is intended there, and the Redor
inclines to it.
[ He finds another Ordination A^s p. 17. where
i I o An Abridgment oj
'tis faid that Ananias laid his Hands u^on Saul; this
might be to ordain him.
Anf, According to this Hypothefis, Saul was or-
dain'd before he was baptiz d ,• that isy he is firft
made an Apofiky then a Chriflian, And this is fufficr-
ent to expofe this Inflance as impertinent. ^
* The next he confiders, is the Ordination in ABs
* ig. I, 2j g. Now there were in Antioch certain Pro-
* phets and Teachers, and the Holy Ghofl: faid iin-
* to *em, Separate me Barnahas and Saul. The Per-
' fons here fpoken of were Teachers, i. e. Ordinary AH-
* niftersy but call'd Prophets, becaufe they received this
* fpecial Command from Chrift to ordain Barnabas
* and SauL
AnJ. What the Ref^or advances under this Head
is fo .little to the purpofe, that I might juftly over-
look it ; however, I'll annex a few Remarks, left his
Friends fhou'd think him flighted.
Mr. Owen from this Text, argu'd that Presbyters
have Power to ordain ; for the Orda'iners were leach^
ers and Prophets, who according to Mr. Gipps himfelf,
were Ordinary Miniflers.
The Ordainers here were "Teachers or Presbyters.
Either this Ordination is a Precedent to us or not.
If not, how can we be fure that thofe of 'timothy and
*fitHit or any other, be fo ; if it be a Precedent, as
the Learned affirm, then Presbyters (here called teacb^
ers) have Power to ordain.
The Text does not tell us who, or whether any
prefided, but the Commiffion for Presbyterial Teach-
ers to ordain is in exprefs Terms. Take Prophets
in what Scnfe you pleafe, it alters not the cafe, fince
they did not act in their Ordinations as Prophets,
or extraordinary Officers, but as Teachers.
Pr()p/;^^j-,accord!ng to the common Acceptation of the
Word, is to predict Things to come. Now the Gift of
foretelling future Events did not properly conftitute
Mr. J. Owen'i Tka. 1 1 1
a different Order of Men; for Women as well as Men
prophefied, but I prefume it will not be allow'd that
they might ordain as Propheteffes. ABs 21. p.
In a Word, let 'em be what they will, 'tis fufficient
that here is an inftance of Presbyters Ordaining, and
that by the Authority of the Holy Ghofl.
* The Ordination mentioned -. 21, 22.