tered the University of Pennsylvania. He was grad-
uated in the spring of 1847, and at once commenced
the practice of medicine, in partnership with his
father, in his native place. In December, 1848, he
■■ Wickou' Hist, of N. J. Mod., p. 227.
THE MEDICAL PROFESSION OF Si >M KRSKT COUNTY.
removed to Camden, N. J., which has since been his
residence, lie was elected president of the State
Medical Society in 1*711. II' married, July <;, ls.".7,
Martha McKecn, of Philadelphia.
Henry. R. Cannon, born at Six-Mile Run, Som-
erset Co., May 20, 1821, son of Rev. Dr. .lame, S.
ami Catharine (Urevourl I Caiinnn, graduated from
Rutgers in IS-ln, -tudied lieiin- with Dr. Van Detir-
sen, of Neu Brunswick, received the degree of M.D. in
HI", from the I'niversity of New York, and the same
year commenced the practice of medicine in hia na-
tive county, ami was actively engaged therein for
nine years. In 1852 he removed tn I'nion County,
this State, where for over twenty years he officiated
as county clerk.
Samuel E. Martin was for more than thirty
years an active and esteemed member of the District
Medical Society of Somerset County, lie was the
son of Judge Absalom Martin, and was horn at Mar-
tinsville, this county, in 1SOS, ami died at the place of
his nativity, July 24, 1868, aged sixty. After a pre-
liminary education he entered the office of Robert S.
Smith, of Hound Brook. In 1828 30 he attended two
full courses of lectures in the College of Physicians
and Surgeons of the I'niversity of New York, and
June 1(1. |s.",o, received his medical license. He im-
mediately commenced practice at Martinsville, which
was interrupted only by his death. Me was happily
married to Bliss Button, of New York city, by whom
he had two children, who died in early life.
Well educated and possessed of line literary tastes,
In— i- 1\ was courted l \ the reined intelligent and
polite. For six years he was a member of the State
Legislature, — three in the Lower House, three in the
-en in , where his abilities as a debater and elo-
(JUenCe as a speaker were recognized. A- a physician
he was reliable and possessed decided ability and
sound judgment, and when l.-ied proved himself an
eminently capable adviser. "Solicitous for the wel-
fare of his patient-, eagerly embracing everj op-
portunity or an- to promote their c fori or safetj .
Compromising his own health often— which was gen-
erally feeble- for Ihcir good, he deservedly won the
confidence ami affection of a large circle of friends.
I npretending in maimer-, simple and plain in ap-
pearance, bis face bore evidence of kindness of heart
and of i|iiiet deep-thinking; and throughout the
years of his practice be manifested an unselfishness,
a high sense of the dignity and responsibility >>f. and
degn i devotion to, his profession and the g I of
Buffering humanity seldom equaled." In his native
place he caused to be built a chapel, which he liber-
ally supported, and where he worshiped.
Alfred B. Dayton was born a1 Basking Ridge,
N. J., Dec 25, 1812, and was a brother of the Bon.
"William L. Dayton, lie enjoyed superior educational
advantages, ending with Princeton College; gradu-
ated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons,
Neu fork, in 1885. lie became an eminent practi-
tioner, was a member of the district, State, and na-
tional medical societies, and was a polished writer.
He died July 19, 1870. He did not practice in Som-
erset County, but resided after 1835 at Chester and at
Mattawan, N. .1. He married Elizabeth ft. Van Der-
veer, a native of Somerville. His son, R. W. Day-
ton, is a lawyer at Mattawan, N. J.
Foiti:i;sT A. Grr.i.i.N, of Pound Brook, was born
at Ponghkeepsie, N. Y., March 23, 18.52. From
the high school of his native place he entered the
office of I >r. Ki - ain, police Burgeon of Brooklyn:
was enrolled as a matriculant in the New York Uni-
versity in I -72. graduating in 1*75. lie then located
a! Pound Brook and commenced practice, associated
for a time with Dr. Fields. Although a young man.
he has already acquired reputation as a careful and
Rich \ki> I ;. Ludlow, born in 1880, was the third
son of the late Rev. I iabriel Ludlow, 1 >.l I., of Reading-
ton, I >r. Ludlow was for a Bhort time a Btudenl at Rut-
gers, hut left that institution and Btudied medicine.
IP- was graduated at the University of Pennsylvania
in 1 -i'i.:. lie practiced medicine at Neshanic for 81 v. n-
teen years. He was killed Dec. 5, 187!', at Neshanic,
Hillsborough township, this county, by a fall from
his carriage. His brother, Jacob R., once practiced
at Ncshanic, but is now at Kaston, Pa.
Peter Vbedenberg commenced the practice of
medicine between 1 Sou and 1S04, in Readington, Hun-
terdon Co., residing on the lot lying between the, roads
leading to Centreville and Stanton; but a year later
he removed to Millstone, Somerset Co., theuce, in
1S07, to Parsippany. In 1810 he removed to Somer-
ville, wdiere he had a long and successful practice,
and where he died a 1 an advanced age, leaving three
son- and several daughter-. Hi- oldest -on, Peter,
was one of tin associate justices of the Supreme
Court of New Jersey.-i Another son, Van Doren, was
sheriff of this county, but is now deceased. Still
another son, La Rue, i- living, and is cashier of the
Souier-i I 1 'oiiiily Rank.
C.C.HoAQLAND, born near Griggstown, this county,
was graduated at Rutgers, studied medicine, and lo-
cated a; Catakill, NT. Y. : in 1886 he removed to Read-
ington, Hunterdon Co., occupying the farm and r. d-
dence formerly of l>r. Jacob Jennings, in L840 he
removed to Ilarlingen, this county, luu - i after
wini West, 1" Henry, 111., where he gave up 1
fossion and engaged in milling. He died there in
Hi \c\ 1'. s \ i 11:1: practiced in Raritan for some
time prior to 1856. "He was well educated to bis
profession, hut did no) succeed in gaining the affec-
tions of the ] pie. Hi- plan ot' treatment was prin-
cipally expectant, re-t and time being the principal
remedies." He practiced in Hunterdon County be-
■. p. l.i.
t Dr. Buns'! Med. BJrt.
SOMERSET COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.
fore coming to Somerset. He was a surgeon in the
army during the Rebellion. In 1856 he went West,
and was lately residing at Montezuma, Iowa.*
Cyrtjs Arndt, son of John and Ann Arndt, was
horn in 1821, was a pupil of Dr. McLenahan, was
graduated in New York, and practiced in Somerset
County. He died Oct. 20, 1845.
Ebenezer Sherwood moved to Peapack in 1844,
where for the nine following years he practiced med-
icine ; he died and was buried there. He studied
with Drs. Smith and Scott of New Brunswick, and was
licensed in 1807. (See also a sketch in " Medical
Profession of Hunterdon Co.")
Isaac Ogden, born in 1764, graduated in 1784,
settled at Six-Mile Run, this county, where he en-
tered upon his profession, and married a daughter of
Peter Stoothof. He was a successful physician and a
most estimable and useful citizen. During the later
years of his life he gave up his medical practice al-
most entirely, residing at New Brunswick, N. J.,
where he died in 1829. (See a further account in the
chapter on the medical profession of Hunterdon
County, in another portion of this work.)
William P. Woodruff resided in the village of
Millstone, and practiced medicine for a short time
about 1830.f If this Dr. Woodruff was William Pat-
erson Woodruff, he practiced in Hunterdon County
from 1830 to 1837, then moved to Ohio, where he died
in 1851. t
Peter Ditmars McKissack was the son of Wm.
D. McKissack, and was born at Millstone in 1824.
He graduated from the Medical Department of the
New York University in 1842, and practiced his pro-
fession in Millstone and vicinity from that time until
his death, March 18, 1872.
Henry G. Wagoner, of Somerville, is a son of
William Wagoner, of Stanton, Hunterdon Co., where
he was born Aug. 16, 1829. He read with Dr. John
Manners, of Clinton, and was graduated from the
University of Pennsylvania in the class of 1853. He
then went to Stanton, N. J., practicing there until
1859, when he removed to Somerville, where he has
since resided. Here his patronage grew rapidly and
extended largely, but the strain produced by his large
practice was too severe for his physical strength, and
in 1869 he associated with himself Dr. J. S. Knox.
The partnership existed until 1873, since which time
Dr. Wagoner has assumed the entire labor of his large
ride. He is a member of the County \ and State Med-
ical Societies, and ranks among the foremost of his
profession in this part of the State. He was married
in September, 1854, to Rachel L., daughter of Dr.
Philip R. Dakin. She died in 1876, and in August,
1878, he again married, his wife being Achsah Mott,
* Dr. Blanc's Med. Hist. t Eov. Dr. E. T. Corwin.
% Dr. John Blauo.
§ Ho was a mombor of the District Medical Society of Hunterdon
Chatjncey M. Field is the third son of Richard
R. Field, of Bound Brook, a prominent and represent-
ative citizen, and favorably known in the business
circles of the country in connection with the woolen
trade. The family annals in this country reach back
to 1638, when the original ancestor came from Eng-
land with Roger Williams and settled at Newport,
R. I. From that place he removed to Flushing, L. I.,
whence John Field passed into New Jersey at an
early day and located on a tract of one thousand and
fifty-five acres lying between Bound Brook and New
Brunswick, along the Raritan River, in Piscataway
township, Middlesex Co. From that time the family
has been prominently identified with the growth and
development of that section of country. In 1774,
Michael Field was one of the delegates to the con-
vention at New Brunswick to consult regarding the
points of difference between Great Britain and the
colonies. Seven of the direct ancestors of Dr. Field
performed active service in the Revolutionary war,
one being a lieutenant in the First Regiment of Mid-
dlesex County, and another losing his life at the bat-
tle of Monmouth. Capt. Ten Eyck, his great-grand-
father, was connected with the First Battalion of
Somerset County during Revolutionary times, and
Maj. Miller, his maternal grandfather, served in that
second war of the Revolution, the war of 1812.
The representatives of the family have always been
plain, solid, substantial people, connected religiously
with the Presbyterian Church, and liberal supporters
of the various evangelical and philanthropic enter-
prises of the day. Michael Field left a legacy to the
Bound Brook Presbyterian Church for establishing a
free school in that place over eighty years ago. The
Massachusetts branch of the family has contributed
many able men to the country, and their influence is
felt in the counsels of the nation to-day.
Dr. Field was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., March 27,
1850, and was brought to New Jersey when six years
of age. Upon attaining sufficient age he attended the
academy at Clinton, N. J., and subsequently passed
to the excellent institution at Lawrenceville, N. J.,
taught by Rev. S. M. Hamill, whence he was grad-
uated with the first honor of his class in 1867. In the
fall of that year he entered the College of New Jer-
sey, at Princeton, and graduated in June, 1871, re-
ceiving the "Potts Bible prize." He at once com-
menced the study of medicine with T. M. Markoe,
professor of surgery in the College of Physicians and
Surgeons, New York, which institution he entered,
and in which he spent four years and a half, serving
at the same time as a substitute in the different hos-
pitals of New York City, and as a student of Dr. T.
Sabine in operative surgery. He located in practice
at Bound Brook, N. J., in 1875, where he remains in
active and successful practice. As a physician he
enjoys a large and lucrative practice, and is called
upon to treat a large number of patients from abroad,
besides monopolizing the private practice of the vil-
TIIK MKDM'AL I'Ri >FKSS[< >N OF SO.MKKSKT COINTY.
lage. For a young man he has already attained a
prominent place in his profession as a surgeon, and
has performed with success all the important opera-
tions in that branch of medical science, notable among
which is that upon the ligature of the subclavian
artery, one of the rarest and most dillieult of surgical
operations. He is a regular contributor to the cur-
rent medical literature of the day, is a close student
of his profession, and while at Bermuda recently was
enabled, through the courtesy of the liritish officers
present, to carefully study the system of military hy-
giene and camp-life of the English army.
Robert S. Smith was born at Flaggtown, Feb. 19,
1800, and was the son of Rev. William R. Smith, pas-
tor of the churches of Neshanie and Harlingeii. He
studied medicine with Dr. Henry Van Derveer, of
Royecfield, and Dr. Hasack, of New York, and re-
ceived his medical diploma from the New Jersey
State Medical Society, Dec. 13, 1820. lie commenced
the practice of medicine at Bound Brook in 1820, and
there continued a practitioner for over fifty-three
years, until his death, lie was president of the state
Medical Soeict\ in 1S45. lie died, after a brief illness
of four days and a half, Aug. 20, 1874. "No man
was ever more devoted to his profession or to the in-
terests of his patient- than he."
Hi:m:y F. Vah DebveeB is a native of Hyde
1'i'i , Dutchess Co., N. Y., where he was bora in
lXL'.x. He is the son of Rev. Ferdinand II. Van Der-
veer, D.D., who from 1842 to 1876 was pastor of the
Reformed Dutch Church of Warwick. N. Y., and
whose ministerial labor- extended through the long
period of fifty-three years. Dr. Van Derveer studied
i Heine with Dr. Henry H. Van Derveer, of Somer-
ville, and began the practice of medicine at Royce-
field, in this comity, about 1850. He subsequently
I I a! Bomerville, where he still resides and fol-
lows his profession. During the late Rebellion he
was assistant surgeon of the Fifth New Jersey Regi-
ment Infantry Volunteer- from Feb. il, lsil2. and regi-
mental surgeon from May l>, Iso'l', in the same com-
mand, serving until Sept. 7. 1864, Hi- wife was a M i -
Mary Squier, daughter of Job Squier, a merchant of
Bomerville. The doctor i- an able and successful
physician, and rank- high in the profession. He is a
member of the District Medical Soeietj of Somerset
County, and has for years I ever since the death of his
uncle, I >r. Henry II. i ben it- recording secretary;
he has also served as its president, and is a member
of and a frequent delegate to the State Medical So-
Lewis II. Mosheb became associated with Peter
I >. McKissack in 1849, and continued in this relation
until 1865, when he removed to Montgomery town-
ship, where be yet continues to practice. He wa-
graduated from the New York University in l s i7.
ne had practiced at Origgatown before coming to
William E. Mattison was also an associate of
Dr. McKissaek. He was bom March 22, 1822, in
Steuben <'o., N. Y.. and was graduated from the Col-
lege of Physicians and Surgeons in New York in
March. [852. He had practiced in Morris County,
ami was commissioned as assistant surgeon in the
army, for three years, on Aug. 2". 1 -t'.i'. He resigned
March 5,1863. From 1863 to 1865 he practiced in
Somerville. In 1-S65 he re ved to Mill-tone, where
he remained, practicing his profession, until 1873,
when he removed to New Brunswick.
Da vin Claisk Van Di:i kskn became a physician
in Mills! ■ in 1873, and -till continues. ][•■ was
horn in 1840, at New Brunswick, and was graduated
from the College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1870.
He had practiced with Dr. Baldwin in New Bruns-
wick for more than a year, when he succeeded Dr.
Frederic C. Blackwell also resides in the vil-
lage of Millstone, but does not practice. He was
graduated from the College of Physicians and Sur-
geons in 1845, and practiced at King-ton (living on
the Middlesex side of the road) for one year.
OTIIER SOMERSET CODXTY PHYSICIANS.
JOHN Robbins practiced at Branchvillc from 1x5s
to 1869, when he was succeeded by Dr. Merrill.
Jacob W. Williamsos and William Mi e
practiced for a time at Raritan ; they were both na-
tives of Hunterdon County. Dr. Williamson, born
May 12, 1821, was a son of Abraham Williamson, of
the vicinage of Ringos, « here Jacob practiced a short
time, then went to California, but -non returned and
located in Somerset County, its stated. 1 lis stay here
was brief, however, for, soon being taken sick, he re-
turned to Ringos, and died there Aug. '.', I B52. With
good abilities and fair prospects, hi- career was cut
Henry Smi i ii was located at Neshanic He com-
menced the practice of his profession there in ls.VJ,
and was succeeded by Richard Ludlow. Dr. Smith
was a native of New England. He went to Elisabeth,
N. J., where he kept a drug-store, but subsequently
removed to Ringos, I luntcrdon ( 'o.. where he died.
GEORGE S. DlJ ra practiced at Raritan for some
time; also served as surgeon during the Rebellion.
lie was a native of German Valley, and a brother
of Isaiah N. Dilts, the lawyer.
I 'II m:i I - II. I lull li in. at Martinsville, foil.. wed the
medical profession for some five or six years, as the
successor of Dr. Martin. About 1*77 he removed to
Iowa, and was succeeded in practice by !'.. J. Bergen,
a student Of 1 >r. Wagoner, who practiced there a year
or more, moved to Trenton, then to Jersey City, and
finally to Kansas.
William s. Penkinotoh for a time practiced at
Somerville. removing thither from New I brmantown.
where he located in lsii'J. From Somerville he re-
moved to Basking Ridge, where he is now practicing.
Dr. Bin \n..i came from Hamilton Square to
SOMERSET COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.
East Millstone, and followed his profession for a year
or two, about 1861. He went thence into the army.
William C. Ribble succeeded Dr. Bellange, and
has continued as the physician of the location to the
Dr. Mayxaed practiced medicine at Six-Mile Run
for several years after the death of Dr. Schenck.
Hexby Wilson practiced his profession in Somer-
ville some years ago. He was a son of Rev. Abram
Wilson, of Fairview, 111. His wife was Ann Deyo,
of Somerset Co., N. J.*
James Suydam Kxox — born July 26, 1840, grad-
uate of College of New Jersey, 1860, of Physicians
and Surgeons, New York City, 1866, City Hospital,
Brooklyn, 1868 — practiced in Somerville from 1866 to
1873, when he removed to Chicago, where he is now
located, and is lecturer and clinical professor in Rush
NATIVES OF SOMERSET WHO PRACTICED ELSE-
Eugene Jobs, late of Springfield, Union Co.,
N. J., was born at Liberty Corner, Feb. 23, 1821 ; he
was the son of Nicholas C. and Margaret Jobs. He
died May 22, 1875.
Lot S. Pbnnixgtox, now located in Whitesides
Co., 111., is a native of Somerset County, born in
1812 ; received his early education at the Somerville
Academy and at Basking Ridge ; he never practiced
medicine in this county, and moved west in 1836.
James M. Boisxot was born at Six-Mile Run, in
Somerset County, July 20, 1826 ; was graduated from
the University of Pennsylvania, and settled in Phila-
delphia, where he became a lecturer on anatomy and
operative surgery. Among his notable cases was the
successful reduction by manipulation of a double
dislocation of the hip-joint, followed by a perfect
recovery.! During the civil war he Was surgeon of
the Ninety-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers. He was
a member of the Northern Medical and of the Phil-
adelphia County Medical Societies. He died in
William R. Haxd was born in Somerset County,
and married Miss Annin, daughter of J. Annin, Esq.,
of Somerset. He practiced in Hunterdon County
until 1870, when he removed to Virginia, and died
there in 1871, aged seventy-five.
Frederick Gastox, son of William B., and
brother to Drs. Alexander and Joseph Gaston, of
Chester Co., Pa., located at Woodsville in 1846, but,
his health failing, he returned to Somerville, where
he died, aged about twenty-five. He was unmarried.
Israel L. Coriell, who practiced for many years
in Hunterdon County, was a native of Somerset, and
was buried at the place of his nativity.
John' P. SCHENCK, born at Neshanic, son of Dr.
Henry H. Schenck, commenced his practice at the
* Borgen's HiHtory of the Bergen Family,
f Am. Jour, of the Med. Sciences.
head of Raritan River, in Somerset, afterwards re-
moving to Flemington. (See further account in the
Hunterdon County medical chapter.)
Meeeill W. Williams, although not a native of
tills county, taught school in Ricefleld, read with Dr.
Lawrence Van Derveer, married Miss Duryea, of
Millstone, and practiced a while at Somerville.
Jacob E. Hedges, born at Somerville, and son of
William J. Hedges, merchant, practiced principally
in Hunterdon County. (See chapter on medical pro-
fession of that county for sketch.)
William Dueyea, born in Somerset, son of Col.
H. B. Duryea, of Blawenburg, was graduated at
University of Pennsylvania in 1833, practiced in
Flemington, removed West, and died there.
Johx Alfeed Gray was born near Princeton in
1812, and practiced for a short time at Rocky Hill,
this county, but subsequently removed to Fleming-
ton, where he died in 1872. (See medical chapter of
Hunterdon County for a more extended sketch.)
THE PRESS OP SOMERSET- COUNTY.
The Press of Somerville: The Messenger, The Unionist, and The Gazette —
The Bound Brook Chronicle — The Press of the Past: The Somerset
Whig, The Literary Gem, The Comet, The Somerset News, The Millstone
Mirror, The Bound Brook Argus, Our Home, The Sower, Flowers' Family
THE SOMERSET MESSENGER.
The oldest paper now existing in the county dates
its origin from the Political Intelligencer, which James
E. Gore, a practical printer, started in Somerville
about the time the post-office was established and the
village recognized as of some local importance. The
first number of that paper was issued in October,
1823; size, thirteen by twenty inches, five columns to
the page. The office was in a room over C. G. Tuni-
son's store, on the spot where the Somerset County
bank now stands. Shortly after the name was changed
to the /Somerset Messenger and Political Intelligencer,
and before 1829 the latter title was dropped and the
present name given.
In 1826, Mr. Gore married and moved the office to
his residence, which, built by Judge Toms, and more
lately owned by Col. William Thompson, is now the
building occupied by the stores of James Gaston and
Mrs. E. R. Burner. The printing-office was there
about two and a half years, and was then removed to
the building now owned and resided in by David M.
Voorhees, Esq., opposite the court-house. For seven
years it continued here, during which time Thomas
Allison became associated with Gore, under the firm-
name of Gore & Allison. The paper was enlarged,
and about 1836 the office was again relocated, this
time in the house now occupied by Joseph McBride
and owned by Daniel Sanborn, nearly opposite Fritts'
THE PRESS OF SOMERSET COUNTY.
The death of Mr. Gore occurred Nov. 17, L887.
Mr, Allison continued sole proprietor until 1861,
when he received the appointment from Governor
Fori uf SiTretiin of state and removed i" Trenton,
The purchaser of the paper was A. E. Donaldson,
who conducted il for eleven years. Nov. 11, 1862,
he assumed command of the Thirtieth Regimenl New
Jersey Volunteers as colonel, and Orson Cone pur-
chased the Messenger. His iiann- first appears in the
issue of Nov. 18, 1862. He died March 26, 1868,
leaving John F. Talmage acting editor. Sept. 8,
1868, he purchased, and Charles B. Honeyman be-
came assistant in 1869. Mr. Talmage was a bright,
Bhrewd business man and a ready writer, — too much
of a business man to settle down at the slow desk oi
a country newspaper oilier, and he sold out in less
than a year, June 8, L869. Mr.G. E. Godley was the
next publisher, and Mr. Honeyman continued as local
On April 13, 1871, J. Butsen Schenck, son of Dr.
John F. Schenck, of Flemington, assumed control.
He was horn May 28, 1831, and at seventeen i
the office of the Hunterdon Democrat. He subse-
quently founded the Woodstonu A'. <//'«/■,■ , also a Demo-
cratic paper at Mattawan, and left it to enter the war
in the Twenty-ninth Regiment New Jersey Volun-