years (1842-47) he was editor of the American Spec-
tator, at Albany, N. Y. He was settled at Bound
Brook from 1862 to 1868, when he removed to Colum-
bus, Ohio, and became secretary of the Colonization
Society in that State, and died a few years ago. Rev.
Jacob C. Dutcher came next. He was settled at
Bound Brook for twelve years, 1868-80.
The present pastor is Rev. William E. Lj 7 all. After
supplying this church for several months, he was
called and installed on May 11, 1880. The church
now numbers 69 families and 107 communicants,
with 105 children in the Sabbath-school.
East Millstone. — This church grew out of the in-
crease of the village on the east side of the Millstone
when the Millstone Railroad was built. Three men
were most active in securing an organization, —
Ernestus Schenck, Dr. Garret Van Doren, and John
V. A. Merrill. July 19, 1855, Rev. Mesick, J. A. H.
Cornell, William Pitcher, and the elder Jeremiah
Whitenack organized the church. It consisted of
eighteen members. The first Consistory were Cor-
nelius Broach and John V. A. Merrill, elders, and
Richard A. Kuhl and John Stines, deacons. Er-
nestus Schenck, J. V. A. Merrill, and Peter Wort-
man were appointed a building committee. Rev.
John Ludlow addressed the people on the laying of
the corner-stone, and Rev. J. M. Matthews, of New
York, preached the dedication sermon. The entire
cost of the lot, building, and bell was $5748.23.
The first pastor, Rev. Giles Vander Wall, was in-
stalled July 9, 1856, and the connection was dissolved
June 8, 1858. Mr. Wall went subsequently as mis-
sionary to South Africa.
Rev. David Cole was called Nov. 23, 1858. He re-
mained until April 1, 1863, when he became professor
of Latin and Greek in Rutgers College. Rev. Martin
L. Berger was called in 1863, and remained until
1866. He was succeeded by Rev. William H.
Phraner, from 1866 to 1870. Rev. Alexander Mc-
William became the fifth pastor, in 1870, and still
continues. He is a native of Scotland, and a gradu-
ate from Union College, and the Associate Reformed
Seminary at Newburg. The church now reports 75
families and 155 communicants, with 80 children in
The Presbyterian Church of Kingston was estab-
lished not later than 1732. It is one of the oldest of
that denomination in the State. The building stood
near the northeast corner of the cemetery and the
school-house. Before there was a church at Prince-
ton the people came from that locality to Kingston to
worship. The cemetery has in it tombstones dating
back to 1756. The first building was a log cabin.
The second edifice was built in 1792 ; the third in
1852. It is said that a Rev. Thomas Evans officiated
here and at Millstone as early as 1737, but this has
not been verified.
The following is a list of the ministers from the
records of the Presbytery, furnished by Rev. A. L.
Armstrong, stated clerk:
1. William Tennent, original member of Presbytery of New Brunswick,
organized 173S ; died 1750.
2. Jacob Van Arsdalen, June 19, 1771 ; relation dissolved Dec. 13,1775.
3. Stepben Voorhees, Kingston and Assunpink, June 12, 1793; died
Not. 23, 1796*
4. David Comfort, Kingston and Dutch Neck, June 4, 1S50; relation to
Kingston dissolved April 24, 1850; died Dec. 28, 1853.
5. James C. Watson, Feb. 19, 1851 ; relation dissolved Oct. 17, 1854.
6. Thomas L. Janeway, Nov. 1, 1855; relation dissolved Aug. 2, 1801.
7. James H. Callen, May 1, 18G2; relation dissolved April 20, 1801.
8. Edward B. Wall, May 3, 18G5 ; relation dissolved Aug. 13, 1807.
9. Joseph R. Mann, Oct. 24, 1807 ; relation dissolved April 8, 1873.
10. John H. Scofield, March 25, 1874 ; relation dissolved July 6, 1880.
The church now reports 195 members, and 200 chil-
dren in the Sabbath-school.
THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF EAST MILLSTONE
was organized in 1855. Its pastors, most of whom
served but one year, have been as follows : J. C. Crate,
1856-57; G. W. Batcheldor, 1857-58; G. Neal,
1858-59; H. Butty, 1859-60; J. Hanlon (2 years),
1860-62 ; T. Frazee, 1862-63 ; J. B. Faulks, 1863-64 ;
W. W. Wheaton, 1864-65 ; W. Tompkinson, 1865-66 ;
E. F. Hadley (2 years), 1866-68; T. Stratton, 1868-
69 ; S. Decker (2 years), 1869-71 ; E. Wilson (3 years),
1871-74; J. O. Winner (3 years), 1874-77; C. H.
Benson, 1877-78 ; D. W. Ryder (2 years), 1878-80 ;
S. M. Hilliard, present pastor, 1880.
Rev. Edward Wilson, one of the above, was born
in Liverpool, England, in 1820, and came to the
United States in 1840. He was licensed in 1846, by
the Methodist Episcopal Church in Indiana. The
next year he went to England, and occupied various
posts of usefulness. In 1869 he returned to America
and settled at Metuchen, N. J. He supplied the
Methodist Church of East Millstone for three years,
and then became pastor of St. James' Methodist
Episcopal Church, New Brunswick. He subse-
quently joined the Reformed Episcopal Church, and
has lately been elected bishop for Canada.
ST. PAUL'S EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF BOUND BROOK
was organized Oct. 6, 1861. The first officers were
Capt. T. Augustus Craven, Senior Warden ; Capt.
John S. Nicholas, Junior Warden ; John L. Van De-
water, Col. Daniel Talmage, Isaac R. Cornell, Thomas
L. Wells, Cornelius W. La Tourette, David Mack,
and James Ryder, Vestrymen. Its rectors to date
have been Revs. William B. Otis, E. Isaac, Henry A.
'Manual of Reformed Church."
Dows, J. Van Lingo, and C. A. Wenman, the present
rector. Prior to building meetings were held in the
district school-house, .South Hound Brook. Th'- pn -
cnt number of communicants is 36.
The officers are David Mack, Senior Warden ; R.
II. Brokaw, Junior Warden ; .1. Howard Brown,Fred.
Brunhurst, George Briggs, John Waterhouse, C. W.
Thomas, I'. I. Dibbell, C. W. La Tourette, A
men; J. Howard Brown, Clerk ; I:. H. Brokaw, Treas-
The Sunday-school was reorganized Oct. 1, 1879.
It has now :;."> scholars and 8 teachers, i'. I. Dibbell
is the superintendent, and •'. W. Thomas the libra-
The corner-stone was laid Dec. 26, 1861, by the Rt.
Rev. William 1 1. < M, nln inn r. Th litice was com-
pleted in January, ISC:!, at a tost of about $2000.
i tn tin 26th of August, 1862, the building committee
entered into a contract with .Mr. James .V Yoorhees,
of Plainfield, X. .1., to erect a frame building on the
already existing stone foundation, which was com-
pleted by him in January, L868. The above facts are
from parish n_
AFRICAN METHODIST CHURCH AT MiDDr.EBlsll.
This congregation bought a building at South Mid-
dlebush, Bept -1, b s 7<'., and were duly organized into
a church on Sept. 20th, « itfa Rev. R. Fauset a- pa-tor.
and Francis Van Dyke, Samuel 8. Garretson, Lewis
Bchenck, and William • Ipdyke as trustees. Mr. Fau-
ii erved three year-. In 1*7'J he was sin
by Rev. Thomas A. Cuff, the present pa-tor. The
church has IS members and a Sabbath-school with 82
scholars and S teachers.
Another .-mall African church exists at Ten-Mile
Kom.'.n CATHOLIC twin, ii 01 BAST MILLSTONE.
This church, erected at East Mill-tone in 1864, was
at Brsl under charge of Rev. John Rodgers, of New
Brunswick, and his curates, Rev. Mr. Nederhouse,
Rev. Mr. Mezlington, and Kev. Mr. Lynch, during
the Brst Bix years of it- existence, it was enlarged
about 1870. Afterwards it was supplied by thi
ofRaritan, -viz., Kev. Mr. Ceader, 1870-74; Kev.
Mi. Marshall, l -7 1 76; and Rev. Mr. Ziramer, for six
month.-. It has been Berved by Rev. Mr. Vanden Bo-
gart, of Bound Brook, since 1876, who i- the present
Franklin township has also been the birthplace of
a large number of clergymen. The following is a
li-i i for full biographic-, particulars, and character-
ization see Corwin's "Manual of the Dutch R -
formed Church" and Messler's " Historical V
John Frelinghuysen, Theodore Frelinghuysen, Ja-
cobus Frelinghuysen, Ferdinandus Frelinghuysen,
Henricus Frelinghuysen, Qarrel I. Garretson, Martin
Bchenck, John W. Bchenck, T. B. Romeyn, AJberl V.
Gulick, I'riah D. Gulick, Jacob W. Bchenck, [saac B.
Schenck, Isaac P. Brokaw, Ralph W. Brokaw, John
A. Van Neste, Benjamin V. D. Wyckoff, John Oppie,
William H. Van Doren.
Only one Indian burying-ground can now be iden-
tified. It i- at the mouth of the I Ine-Mile Run, near
Raritan Landing. In a survey of an ancient line
between the lots of Inians and Bainbridge, it is de-
scribed as commencing at the bank of the Raritan, in
an "Indian burying-ground."
Al -t all the old families had places of sepulture
on their farms; occasionally several — as when a com-
pany purchased land together — would use a common
plot. The first burial-place was probably that on the
Middlebush road, south of the church. The burying-
ground of the Van Doren family was begun in 174:;;
in lx:$6 the title passed to the church. There is a
brick-walled family yard between Bound Brook and
Weston, opposite the mouth of the Mill-tone River.
The Elm Ridge Cemetery, used largely by the people
of Six-Mile Run, is just over the line, in Middlesex,
Iso tin' cemetery at Three-Mile Run. There is
also a graveyard a little north of Griggstown, used by
the inhabitant- of that locality. Another yard exists
on the farm of ||. Van Doren, between Franklin
1'ark anil Blaekwell's. Another is found on the farm
of J. Veghte, near Pleasant Plains school. An old
yard also exists at Wo-ti.ti, near the canal. < ttlu-r
family plots no doubt exist, but they are unknown to
At Ka-t Mill-tone i- the largest cemetery in the
township. It is known as the "Cedar Hill ( Yinctery,"
ami was started in 1859. It is owned by a stock com-
pany, which, under the title Of the "Cedar Hill
Cemetery Association," was incorporated in l-
Ernestus Bchenck. Joseph Howell, John V. A. Merrill,
John V. D. Hoagland, Joseph H. Olcott, Peter N.
Beekman, and Peter P. Wortman, "and such other
persons BS are now their associates, or shall hereafter
bee me associated with them." The size of the ceme-
tery is limited to ten acres. The business is con-
ducted by a board of -even managers. The land- of
the association, and the burial-lots made out of the
same, are to be forever exempt from taxatia
Street or road can be laid through the cemetery with-
out the con-ent of the association.
TIIK MILLSTONE BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIA-
ani/ed March 1, 1871, Under an ad of the
Legislature approved Feb. 28, 1849. It- members
pay $1 per month upon each share, upon which they
arc entitled to borrow of the association $200; this
precise - is called " a loan." If a loan i- awardi d
to a member at B premium of .". per cent., he r
$190, but pays interest on 1200. This feature it
i/ed by the Legislature. 80 thai it shall not be >;
usurious. The first officers were: President, Adrian
SOMEESET COUNTY, NEW JEESEY.
Olcott ; Treasurer, J. V. D. Hoagland ; Secretary and
Solicitor, N. S. Wilson ; Directors : for three years,
F. V. L. Disborough, William B. Kibble; for two
years, E. H. Hulick, W. E. Corliss; for one year,
C. G. Van Cleef, J. H. Stryker.
THE FRANKLIN FARMERS' MUTUAL FIRE ASSUR-
was incorporated May 26, 1879, by John M. Garret-
son, Peter S. Ditmars, Peter N. Van Nuys, Ditmars
Coe, Peter J. Staats, Andrew T. Vroom, James Z.
Bergen, Is. V. C. Wyckoff, Isaac L. Voorhees, Peter
W. Wikoff, James A. Van Nuys, Matthew Suydam, and
Ealph Voorhees ; its general place of meeting is East
Millstone. The company insures dwellings and other
buildings, household goods, and personal property
against loss or damage by fire or lightning. The
amount of premium notes actually given in at its
organization was $5000. It was to begin business on
June 2, 1879, or as soon as the agreements for insur-
ance reached the sum of $150,000. The company is
to cease on June 2d, 1909.
Agriculture is the principal business of Franklin
township, which contains 322 farms.
Formerly there was considerable distillation carried
on in this township, but now very little. Isaac Davis
for many years manufactured whisky and cider on the
place now owned by Nelson Staats. Isaac Brokaw
carried on the same business on the same place after
Davis died. When the canal was built, in 1832, the
still-house was taken down.
There was also a still-house at Weston owned by John
M. Bayard. It stood opposite the present grist-mill,
where the store now stands, and was started in 1805.
It was taken down by William T. Eodgers, a sub-
sequent owner of the property.
Adam Smith had a tannery at Weston, near the
present blacksmith-shop, anterior to the Eevolution.
He died about 1830, a very old man. Washington
Barcalow also formerly had a tannery at Middlebush.
In 1846 there was a flax- and husk-mill built at
East Millstone to prepare husks for mattresses. This
was altered in 1858 into a distillery. The building
was burned in 1859, but at once rebuilt. High-wines
were manufactured. The mill was originally built
by Olcott Brothers. It was carried on by them until
1872. Then it was run under the name of J. H. Ol-
cott & Co., the silent partner being John M. Prudens ;
in 1875 it was bought by John M. Prudens &
Brother. In 1877, Kupfer & Co. became proprietors;
they made yeast and high-wines. In 1879 it passed
into the hands of Tauskey & Co. Gaff, Fleischman
& Co. became the owners in 1880.
The first mills were erected on the smaller streams
to avoid the expense of too large dams. One was
erected on the Milc-Eun Brook, near the Earitan, at
a very early period, — probably soon after 1700. It
was built and owned by a Voorhees. It was taken
down previous to 1765, when the road by Voorhees'
house is described as passing over the old mill-dam.
There was another mill on the next small stream
above the Mile Bun, which also flowed into the Eari-
tan ; this was 23- miles above New Brunswick. The
land early belonged to Gerardus Beekman, but sub-
sequently came into the possession of the Van Tines.
Jacques Van Tine was operating a mill on this stream,
known later as Eappelye Brook, in 1735.
The Dutch settlers at Middlebush needed mills,
and no less than three were located on the Six-Mile
Eun. One was near the Middlebush road, and was
owned by Lucas Voorhees ; another was a mile farther
up the stream, and owned by Simon Wyckoff. The
writer is unable to locate the third.
Mills were built on the Millstone at a very early
period ; John Harrison is said to have had one at
Eocky Hill as early as 1716. One or more were built
near Griggstown between 1730^40, if not earlier. After
the canal was opened, in 1832, the Griggstown Mill
was located on its bank.
The mill at Weston was erected between 1740 and
1750 by Henry Schenck, brother of Peter, who had
erected about the same time the one now known as
BlackwelPs. The following have been owners of
the Weston Mills : Henry Schenck (died Jan. 31,
1767, aged fifty years) ; Abram Van Neste (died Aug.
15, 1779); Israel Harris, 1779 (?)-1803 ; John M.
Bayard, 1803-19 ; William T. Eodgers, 1819-43 ; Isaac
E. Cornell, 1843-65; Eockhill Eobeson, 1865-75; and
Adrian Olcott, 1875. These proprietors have occa-
sionally rented out the mill to other parties.
Jacob Shurts built a grist-mill at South Bound
Brook (now Bloomington) about 1840. It stands on
the bank of the canal.
The following account of the mills in 1735 is from
Ealph Voorhees' papers. The description differs
slightly from the preceding :
"There appear to liave been six, — four on the 6mnller streams, — being
owned as follows: 1. Coert Van Voorhees, on the Mile-Hun Brook, at the
Lauding; 2. Jacus Foutine, about a mile farther up the river, on what
was called the Iiappleyo Brook ; 3. John Folkors, on the old Folkerson
property, upon the brook emptying into tho Itaritan, a few yards east of
the house now owned and occupied by Abram Sobring ; 4. Simon Wyckoff,
on Six-Mile Run, about 1% miles below tho old road running from Six-
Mile Run to New Brunswick. Tho other two wcro located on the east
sido of tho Millstone, one being owned hy Lewis Moore, successor to John
Harrison, the great landholder, who built this mill previous to 1110, and
was located on tho cast sido of the river, at Rocky Hill. The other, 2
miles below tho former, was owned by Benjamin Griggs.* This last-
named mill was owned in 17S2 by Nicholas Veghten, and afterwards by
Abraham Van Doren. It was takon dowu in 1831 to make way for the
Delaware and Raritau Canal. 1 '
Franklin township suffered during the Eevolution
to a great extent. It lay in the path of the two
armies crossing and recrossing the State, and in the
varying fortunes of war was at one time in the hands
* Griggstown must have received its name from Bonjamiu Griggs.
6^Ca- #r &***&"'
of the enemy and at another tinder the protection of
friends. Daring the winter of 1770-77 the country
was frequently ravaged by foraging-parties. At Three-
Mile Run the buildings were all plundered, and fre-
quently fired. Barns were torn down to supply tim-
ber for the construction of a temporary bridge over
the Raritan, and some of the most wanton cruelties
During the late civil war this township sustained
an honorable record, and contributed its full share of
men and means to suppress the rebellion.
ALBERT V. GARRETSON.
James Qarretson, grandfather of Uberl V., lived at
an early period in Hillsborough township, about one
mile and a half from Blackw ell's Mills. His wife's
name was Helena, and the issue of the marriage Peter,
John, Garret, Stephen, Samuel, Sarah, who married
Herman Cortelyou; Ida, who married John Stothotf;
and another, who married Abraham Cortelyou.
Samuel Qarretson, father of our subject, was horn
on March 11, 1776 ; married, Nov. 2X, 1799, Helen,
daughter of Peter Voorhees (horn March 17, 1782),
and had the following children, — viz., Magdalene,
born Sept. 23, 1 sou, who became the wife of John P.
Voorhees; Maria, born Dec 25, 1802; Peter, born
Jan. 29, 1805; James, born April 2, 1807 ; Albert V.,
born Nov. 2, 1809; John, born June 29, 1812; Ry-
nier Staats, born Oct. 4, 1814; Peter, born -March 9,
1817; Sarah, wife of Benjamin Smith, horn May 26,
1820; Hiram, born Oct. 16, 1802; and Samuel, born
June :'., Is-Ji',. Samuel Carrct-on passed his days us a
farmer where his grandson, by the same name, now
resides, in Franklin township. lie lived a quiet,
peaceful life, and was respected in the community for
h:.-: integrity and fair dealing. He was I nncrh a
* Tho following schcdulo of property tnken from Mr. John Van Llew,
uf Tlir.'i-Mlto Run, will llluatmta the rothleae iplrltof tin' Dnemj and
tho hardship* anooantared by tho Inhabltanta daring tho war. Ttio lint
i« vftiunbio u exhibiting tin, prica of dUTerant arttolai at the commonco*
mont of tin. Etarolatlon, xi reprttsnting SJ.fin ,.f ,,ur avroncy. Only
tho moro importuut artli-k'j takan by tha " Rognlan" iuo onumorntcd:
i in hoitw
i . ,.u, tiro jam old IS
28 i.h.i,, u wheal 10 "
Hiding < Imlr and ImrnoM 16
30 tons of hay 106
idofahrap IT l"
S8 Mionv board! 4 IS
7ik) tliin AILnny Iwanla 2 9
1 boon burnaa 80
ISbuabela |,iat,. M l H
SOOi » i. Bow 2 14
lOOfowla :i IS
8 tnrkeya i
.'mi ponndaof |."rk Oct. pax pound
Floora of houso null barn taken up. Ona negro, twenty-Uu
ohl, mart and aoUri
member of the Reformed Church of Middlebusb,
where he officiated both as deacon and elder, but at
the time of his death, on Oct. 1 I. 1847, he was a
member of the Reformed Church of Six-Mile Ran.
Hi- wife died on May 8, 1849.
Albert V. Garrct-on was born on the homestead, in
franklin township, purchased by his father mar the
opening of the present oenttiry. His earlier yean
were passed upon the home farm, and bis educational
training was ,,ueh a- the common schools of bis day
afforded. On Nov. 8, 1840; he was unite. 1 in mar-
riage to Magdalene, daughter of Herman and Sarah
(Garretson) Cortelyou. She was bom rVpril29, 1811,
on the place when- she has since resided.
After his marriage Mr. Garretson purchaa
farm of Herman Cortelyou. his wife's lather, com-
prising abonl One hundred acres. Here he has since
lived, engaged in agricultural pursuits. He has con-
fined his labors Strictly to his chosen avocation and,
though a member of the Republican party, he has
1 n no seeker after place. He has always been a
liberal contributor tO the religions and benevolent
enterprises of ids day. and. with his wife, is a member
of the Middlebusb Reformed church, where he has
held the offices of deacon and elder.
The children of Mr, and Mi-. GarretBon havi
Garret, born Jan. 1 1. L846, who is a farmer in Hills-
borongh township; John, who died Oct. 11, 1863;
Sarah Maria, born Nov. 4, 1848, who married Jacob
Schomp, of Pleasant Plains; Joanna, born July 2,
L851, wife of Courtney Gordon, of Mattawan, X. J. ;
and Samuel, born Sept. 4, 1854, and who resides on
the home farm.
STEPHEN GARR] I
Stephen * huriteon is a grandson of a gentleman by
the -ame name who occupied at an earl> da\ two
hundred acres of land, now composing the farms ol
the subject of this -ketch and of Peter I. V diees. in
the central portion of franklin town-hip. Here the
grandfather engaged in agricultural pur-nit- until
his death, al the age of forty, at the commencement of
the Revolutionary war. 1 le was twice married. I'.v his
tirr-t wife, a Miss Voorhees, he had no children. His
second wife- was 1'hchc I > 1 1 1 1 1 . . 1 1 1 . who bore him three
sons, — Rem, John, and Peter Garritson. The former
-i"iii the closing years of his life in New York City.
Peter was g merchant in New I'.run-wiek. and died
then-. Stephen Garritson was a devout member of
the Reformed Church at Six-Mile Run. Hi- wife
died about Hi' t. in her eighty-first year.
John, second son of Stephen Garritson, was born
on the old homestead. He married Phebe, daughter
Of Martin and Sarah t lovenhoven ' Sehenek. ( If his
children, seven reached mature year-. Sarah became
the wife of Jacob Beekman, and died in Michigan;
Abraham was a -on ; Johanna married I. like S. Van
SOMERSET COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.
Perveer, and resides in Princeton, N. J. ; John, a
popular minister of the Dutch Reformed denomina-
tion, died in November, 1875, while rector of Herzog
Hall, New Brunswick ; Martin was a farmer at Ten-
Mile Run ; Phebe Ann died unmarried, at the age of
thirty-six ; Stephen, our subject, was the youngest.
John Garritson died in 1842, in his eightieth year,
and his wife in 1847, in her eighty-second year.
Stephen Garritson was born on the old place, Sept.
19, 1808, where he passed his earlier years, enjoying
the benefits of a common-school education. In the
year 1836 he married, for his first wife, Catharine C,
daughter of Peter C. and Ann (Lowe) Schenck, of
Clover Hill, N. J., and three years later he purchased
of his father the one hundred acres of the home tract
which he has since occupied. In that year he erected
his present tasteful residence and planted the beauti-
ful trees which now adorn his place. The barns which
he erected were destroyed by fire, caused by lightning,
and were replaced by those now in use. A view of
this attractive place, so full of memories of home to
himself and children, and manifesting the industry,
thrift, and taste of the owner, may be seen on another
page of this work. Here Mr. Garritson has passed a
long life of labor and toil, feeling a just pride in the
ancestral memories that cluster around his home. He
has confined his labors strictly to the cultivation and
improvement of his farm, and, while a life-long Demo-
crat, has persistently refused political place. He is
extremely modest in manner, thoroughly devoted to
home and family, and is one who, by a life of recti-
tude and honor, has earned a place among the influ-
ential and representative men of his class. He has
been a liberal contributor to church and kindred in-
terests, and has long been a member of the Reformed
Church of Six-Mile Run, officiating at various times
as deacon and as elder. At the age of seventy-two he
presents the appearance of a much younger man, and
is in the full possession of all his faculties.
The children of Mr. Garritson by his first marriage
are Anna, who resides at home, and Catharine, widow
of Liscom Opdyke, also living at home. Their mother
died in 1845. His present wife is Eleanor, daughter
of David and Eliza (Simmons) Bush, of Jersey City,