James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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selves one to another we shall see the clear light, and
friendship shall last to us, and to our posterity after
us forever. Now, as I have two belts, and witnesses
are present who will speak the same by these belts,
brothers, in the. presence of the Ten Nations, who are
witnesses, I lay hold of your hand" (taking the Gov-
ernor by the hand), " and brighten the chain of friend-
ship that shall be lasting, and whatever conditions
may be proper for us to agree to may be mentioned
afterwards. This is the time to declare our mutual
friendship. Now, brother the Governor, to confirm
what I have said, I have given you my hand, which
you were pleased to rise and take hold of. I leave it
with you. When you please I am ready, brother, if
you have anything to say as a token of confirming the



PARTITION-LINE BETWEEN EAST AND WEST JERSEF.



peace, I shall be ready to hear, and, aa you rose, 1 n ill
rise up and lay hold of your hand. To confirm wli.-.t
I have said I give you these belts."

" We now rise and take you into our arms," replied
the Governor, "and embrace you with the •
pleasure as our friends and brethren, and heartily
desire thai we may ever hereafter look on one another

as brethren and children of the si parents. Asa

confirmation of this we give you the belts." Gavi a
very large white belt, with the figures of threi mi a
upon it, representing His Majesty King George tak-
ing hold of the king of the Five Nations with one
hand, and Teedyuscung, the Delaware king, with the
other, and marked with the following letters : "G. R.,
5 N., D. K.," for" King George, Five Nations, Dela-
ware King."*

By the request of Teedyuscung, he was permitted
to spend the winter of 1757-58 at Bethlehem. i;< i< hi I
gives the following account of his sojourn in thai
place: "He accordingly had a lodge built him near
'The Crown.' Here he held court, and here he gave
audience to all the wild embassies thai would come
from the tndii untry, from the land of the im-
placable Mousey, from the gates of Dialn.ga, and
from the ultimate dim Thule of the Alleghany or
1 >i'i" country. Occasionally he would repair to Phil-
adelphia or to the fort to confer with the < lovernor or
with the commandant on the progress of the work of
peace he was apparently solicitous of consummating

without delay. Thus the dark winter months passed :

and when the swelling maple-buds and the whitening
of the shad-bush on the river's hank foretokened the

advent of spring, there was busj preparati

"n in ' Teedyuscung's company over the water' for
their long-expected removal to the Indian El Dorado
"ii the Hats of the Winding River."

In the spring of 1758, "Teedyuscung's town" was
finished : it stood a little below the site of Wilkes-
barre. Scull's map of 1759 notes it as"Wioming."
Early in 1758 he re ved to this town, which, agree-
ably to his request and the c litions of treaty, had

1 Q built for him and his followers by the English

in the historic valley of Wyoming, on the east side
of the Susquehanna. Here be lived not unmindful
of his long-cherished object, and hen- he was burned
to death on the uighl of Lpril 19, 1763, while

in his lodge.

The Iroquois, it is said, were the instigators of this
cowardly act, for tbej hated the man who testified

against their ar ant assumption and opposed their

lust of power. " \- long as he lived he was a stand-

mgrebuke to their designing oppression, and, all

they no longer drended his arms, they feared hi-

words, which left their guilty i sciences no peace."

Hence it was resolved in c icil that h ight not

to live; and when new- was brought hack to Onon-
daga that the lodge of the Delaware king and the

* Relchtl, In " Manorial! ol lln U



lodgi - of his men of war I , flame*,

the perfidious six Nations triumphed in having de-
stroyed an enemy who-, spirit they had failed to

-ill, die ."

Teedyuscung had three 80 ns, Amos, the eldest,
Kesmitas, and John Jacob. The first,
helle, was baptized at Gnadenhutten bj B
merhoif. Dec. L4, 1750. He was then twenty-two
years of age. His wife, Pingtis, a sister of Agnes
Post, was baptized the same day, and received the
name of Justina. Shi was a Jersey Delaware.



CIIA PTER VI L

PARTITION-LINE BETWEEN EAST AND
WEST JERSEY.

1.— ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NORTH STATION-
POINT.

The settlement known as the Quintipartite Agn i -
ment, whereby the province of New Jersey was
rated into its eastern and western divisions by its pro-
prietors, on the first day of July, 1676, was ratified
and confirmed by an a :t of the Legislature passe I on

.March i>7, 171!'. Thi r ;i Q | and ti I i stablished

the division-line between the two sections of the
province upon what was subsequently known as Law-
rence's line, alt! gh this line was not actually run

out till 1743, when John Lawrence was employed to

survey it under the direction of the proprietor, of
East Jersey.
Soon alter the pas.;,-,, of the act of 1719 commi-

appointed by royal patent proceeded to as-
certain and determine the northern station-point de-
scribed in tin- grant of the Duke id' York, at which,
according to the Quintipartite Agreement, the di-
visional line from the eaM -ide of Little Kgg II

"a- to terminate on the Delaware in latitude forty-
mi i tnd fbrtj minutes. The manner in which

thi- duly was performed by the commissioners and

01 - general is shown by the following tlocil-

called

"Tilt; ikiimm i i i DEED.
1 tripartite, mode tii,. twenrv-nfth dayof Jnlj, in

Ireland, Kli ' ... , 1719, between Itobort Walter, ol i

unit province of New Jfbrk; laue Hlcke, ol ,;„,.,.„■.,• ty.lnl

i n|.j .Ml, .in .i..rr.-t. ..i ii,,- i ,11 and provln
■urvevor fur. and In behnll
1..I111 Johnson, ,e '

'•' 'I'" l"»« I NowJenjay, I -, . and Juntos Alexander, ut

-" "'"I • I '. dh i part; and

Klrkurti I John I dlvUI i ihc will prov-

"' »'•• Ullrd part: M

il Hi., provl t \. ■ \

lllO - .i.l o..,„, „,-.,.

nppuiitted, I • inili' ..f il... prot

UiatfurmUio river Delaware; which liter, (ho arid ,



42



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY.



the surveyor, or surveyors, may esteem necessary to be inspected or sur-
veyed; in order to find out and determine which of the streams is the
Northernmost branch or Delaware river, ana that then, when such
blanch is so discovered, the surveyor, or surveyors, according to tho
best of their knowledge and understanding, discover and find out that
place of the said Northermost branch of Delaware Hiver that lies ill the
latitude of 41 degrees ami it) minutes, which is the North partition point
of New York and New Jersey ; and for the better pr. -serving and perpet-
uating the knowledge ot the said partition point, the said Commissioners
and surveyors, by the said Letters Patent are required to take notice of
the most remarkable inn) conspicuous places near to the said North par-
tition point, whether they be rocks, hills, gullies, ponds, runs, or streams
of water; and observe upon what course and distanre such remarkable
places bear from the said North partition point; all wbich the said
commissioners are required by the said Letters Patent distinctly to cer-
tify under their hands and seals, unto the governor, or commander in
chief of the province of New York, to be tiled and recorded in the .sec-
retary's office of the said province of New York : All which by tho Let-
ters Patent, bearing date the first day of May, in the fifth year of bis
said Majesty's reign, and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven
hundred and nineteen, and remaining upon the records of the said prov-
ince of New York, may more fully and at large appear: And whereas
his said Majesty by other Letters Patent under the great seal or the
province of New Jersey, did coinniissionato and appoint the said John
Johnson and George Willocks Commissioners for the Eastern division of
the said province of New Jersey; Joseph Kirkbride and John Heading
commissioners for the Western division of New Jersey, and James Alex-
ander, surveyor-general of bolh divisions of the province of New Jersey
aforesaid; in conjunction with the Commissioners and surveyor or sur-
veyors appointed, or to be appointed, upon the pint and behalf of the
said province of New York; that they the said connuissioneis and sur-
veyors carefully and diligently inspect and survey all or such of the
streams of water that form the said river Delaware, which they the said
Commissioners, or surveyor, or surveyors, may esteem necessary to be
inspected or surveyed, in order to find out and determine which of tho
streams of water i» the Northermost branch of the said liver, and that
then when such branch is so discovered, the said surveyor or surveyors
carefully, according to their best knowledge and understanding, discover
and find out that place of the said Northermost bi audi of Delaware river
Unit lien in the laUliuh of 41 degree* mid 40 liitutlto ; which is the Northpar-
tilim of Xew Jersey aforesaid, mid the point, us well, of the line of pm-litimi
or dicMm between the iWmi anrf Western dimimi, as that place where
the line ot partition or division between New York and New Jersey ter-
minates; and tor the better perpetuating and preserving the knowledge
of the said North partition point, the said Commissioners aud surveyors
for the province of New Jersey are required by the said Letters Patent
to take notice of tho most remarkable and conspicuous places near to
the said North partition 'point, whether they be rocks, hills, gullies,
ponds, runs, or streams of water; ami observe on what course and dis-
tances such remarkable places bear from the North partition point; all
which the said Commissioners and surveyors .ire further required as
aforesaid, distinctly to certify under their bauds and seals unto the gov-
ernor or Commander in Chief of the province of New Jersey aforesaid,
to be filed and recoided in the secretary's office thereof; all which by the
said last recited Letters Patent, bearing date the last day of March, in

the tilth year of bis Majesty's reign, in the year of our Lord one tl -

sand seven hiindredand nineteen, and remaining upon the public records
of the said province of New Jersey, may fully and at large appear.

"Now this Indenture witnesseth, that the said Commissioners and sur-
veyors, as well upon the part and behalf or the province of New Yo. k as
upon the part and behalf of the province of New Jersey, in pursuance of
the trust reposed in them by ti.esevelnl and above recited Letters Patent,
under the great seals of the respective provinces of New Yolk and New
Jersey: having caielully and diligently inspected and inhumed them-
selves which or tho several and respective branches of tile said river of
Delaware is the Northermost branch thereof, do find, and therefore by
these presents do certify, and decline, that that stream or river which is
c iiionly called or known by the name ot the rishkill is the Northern-
most bianch of the said river Delaware ; And further, that they the said
Commissioners and Surveyors, according to the best of their knowledge
.„„, inhumation, do esteem and believe the said rishkill to he the biggest

and deepest »tr that fi s thesaid liver Delaware: Ami whereas the

said Allltin Janet and James Alexander having taken repeated observa-
tions lie Well nigh adjoining to the said Fishkill, or tho Northernmost
branch of the, Delaware river.aa in sundry other places, i„ or der to ills-
, ovcr that plac in said Northernmost blanch that lies in the latitude or
II decrees and l.cly minutes; and that tl.ey thesaid sun. yms, accord-



ing to the best ot their skill and understanding, having discovered the
same to be upon that place or the said Fishkill, or Northernmost branch
ot the Delaware nroreinentioned ; therefore they the said ci
and surveyors do certify by these presents, to all whom it may c
that the said North partition, or division point, upon the Northernmost
branch of the river Delaware, between the provinces of New York and
New Jersey (which Kkembe i* the North partition point between the Eastern anil
Western dicisiom of Xew Jersey) the latitude or 41 degrees and 411 minutes,
upon the East side of the said Fishkill branch, is upon the low land in
the Indian town called Caslieightouch ; which Indian town is distant
rrom Thomas Swart wout's house, at a place known by the name of Pin-
peek, near to Mahackamack liver; 29 miles and a quarter, upon a
straight course, North 44 degrees 20 minutes West, by the lllagneticiil
position; or a course North 62 degrees 20 minutes West, by the true po-
sition, from John Dicker's* house, at the place called Teteudal, by said
Mahackamack river, about 211 miles and three-qualters, upon a course
North 35 degrees West, by the lnagnetical position; or upon a course
North 43 degrees West, by the true position, and upon the several courses
by the Indian paths, from said Dicker's about 35 miles and a half; which
point or intersection of the latitude of 41 degrees and 40 minutes upon
the said Fishkill, or Northernmost branch of the river Delaware, is dis-
tant 38 chains (reckoning four perches to a chain) from the mouth of a
brook known by the Indian name of Lamackanock, and at all times
coming to be called or known by the name of Station Brook ; which tails
from the hills at the entering in of the Indian paths to the said town,
Cashietouck. upon a course nearly North 5 degrees 45 minutes West, by
the magnetical position; and upon a course North 13 degrees 45 minutes
West, by the true position; which point of intersection is 9!) chains and
a half, reckoning four perches to a chain, rrom a large stone or rock, the
greatest length of its supel'fices being about eleven feet and three inches,
and its broadest part about seven met three inches; lying partly in and
partly out of the water upon the bank of the said branch called Fishkill ;
upon a course South 10 degrees 45 minutes East, by the true position;
which Btone is marked with the letter M, aud is 137 chains distant from
the mouth of the said brook, upon a course North 78 degrees 4n minutes
East, by the true position : at which stone or rock the lowland ends, and
the hills come close to the said blanch or river Fishkill ; the courses and
situation of the said brook, aud of the said river and hill, from the said
brook to the stone aforesaid, will better appear by the draught to these
presents annexed : In testimony whereof the said parties to these inden-
tures have put their hands aud seals, the day aud year first above meu-

tio " ed "li. Walter [l.s.].

•• Isaac Hicks [ls.].

"J0HNJ0HN80JS[I,.S.J.

"Oeo. Wili.ocks[l.s.].
"Jno.Kk.uhn.i[i..s].

"ALLAlNjAR. t KT[L. S .].
"JAS. ALRXANl.BR [L.S.J.
"Sealed and delivered in the presence of James Steel, John Harrison.
"I certify the foregoing to be a true copy taken from Lib. D 2 of
deeds, page -M, in the secretary's office at Burlington,

" Hi itiu.RT M'El.ltov for Bowks Ef.ed, Sec."

II.-ACTION OF THE COMMISSIONERS FULLY AP-
PROVED.
The year following the establishment of the north
station-point by the commissioners and surveyors —
viz., April 9, 1720,— their action was fully concurred
in and ratified by the proprietors of West Jersey, as
the following extract front the minutes of their pro-
ceedings of that date will attest:

"The managers appointed by law for the running and ascertaining the
division-line between the Eastern and Western divisions of this province
—viz., Isaac Sharp, James Logan, Thomas Lambert, and John Bending
—met' tlllil day with the Council, and agreed with them that the whole
sum of five hundred pounds (mentioned in a former minute, made tho
sixth ot May last) be forthwith raised, in order lor the prosecuting of the
said affair according as the law directs, with all expedition, for which an

lulvertict' lit is prepared, signed by thesaid managers or Commissioners,

and James Logan is desired to procure the same to be printed and pub-



ly John Deck,
g'hhnrhood, an.



i the Deckers woro among the first settlers
> name of Job u Decker appears in the Dutch

I' Vachbiickemack Church in 1741.



PARTITION LINK ISKTWKEN EAST AND WEST JERSEY.



4.i



llsbed wltlioul ileluy. And whereas Hie Northern or Sbitlon-polnt upon
Del iwnre wae last year li x .-.I by Hie Surveyor-general, Joseph Kirkbrldo,

and John Rending, appoluted Commissioners by the gore r under ilie

great seal, which aald polul being fixed, there rentulua now on the part

"i this division only to run the partition-lino betw the I

Weetc [visions of t > • « - province: In order tliercuul ', It In agr I by

the Commissioners that notice be given to the nianageraoi Con tJunera

of the Eii tern division ol the resulullone ul the uiumigon ■ >! thla dlvl-

■Ion; and thai they ma; be deelred to sgre i n i ertnlu dnj to meet the

Western managers at Niithnu Allen's, or RuschitIch .1 ueerl meas-
ures foi the running of the wild line, according to Die tenor ol the act;

1 lingly, a lettet 1- wrote, subs* rfbed by the nmungera, directed to the

ol the Eastern dlvlsluu, desiring them, wlih the aurvoyur-geu-
erul, to meet them at Nullum Alleu'aou the 2titli Instant, which Icltei 1-

delivered to David Lyel, 1 the said Eastern uianugers, ivhu linpp. 11 1 >i

to be here presoul ; and all the uiuiiHgoni and r vera are di -ir. .1 to use

their utmost diligence i rcoll Hog nil the v. they can,

according to the tenor ,.i the said advertisement, and that ■ ich

tltolr 1 nil- ngnliie uexl 1 ting, in ordor tu have

...111,1 framed lb] the lost yoat u Hut ' litocllou ul tin

[II.— SURVEY OF THE PARTITION-LINE.
Although the West Jersej proprietors were anxious
at this time tu participate in running the partition-
line, ii appears thai they wen., nol able to raise the
necessary funds, and so lei the matter drop, paying

only their iM-uporiii.il of il spense of establishing

the north station-point. After many years of delay
the East Jersej proprietors assumed the responsibility,
and in 1748, through their commissioners, Andrew
Johnson and John Hamilton, employed John Law-
rence to run the division-line. The following is a
copy of .Mr. Lawrence's commission:

"Wuerrj by 1 t ol the General Assembly province of Now

York, paaaed In the MWi year ol the reign of Kluo George the In -t, J. In,
Hamilton and David Lyal, George Wlllcockeund John Uarrlsou.aud the

»nrvh f them, were ap| itexl Commissioners 01 mi Ibi tin

Eastern dlvlsl 1 New Jersey, »iil. powor to appoint the snrveyor-

generol, and inch other aurveyon and Bl able persons as should be

Imlged a iryfot running the partition line between the Easteru and

divisions ol New Jersej : And whereas the sold John Hamilton I;

11 tly surviving Oomnilmd r appointed by the mild acl ; and whereat

the said ai 1 gives power to the governui foi the tiui

otliei persona In the pli 1 ucli of the (Jonimlsslouen nforvsald oa

should refuse 1 n ' ihutilddle; a iy vin i that piwei An-

drew Johnson, Esq., bos been appointed 1 mleel 1101 wi Hieivl

lohn Homll and Andrew Johnson (by vlit 1 the power

v < I lu us) as aforesaid, and by ami with tlio ad\ 1 the

proprietors of the Easteru division, have appointed John Lawrence,

deputy-surveyor, u] oath, lu niD, ik, Bx and ascertain tin

pursuant tu the sold acl ,•! Issembly, aud 1 ..1

thereof to a with all couveule itpodMun; with power to him toctu-

P'n) ' 1 1'use in and able iwrsons, uj uih tousrlsl , e

■ ild partition Hue, end murkiug and raising m nla on the

"' I «■>«• In perl g 11 .,,,„.,<

hvrewlUi delivered tu Mm.

"Given iiudoi 1
gust, 17 1:1.

" Aji « Joiisso.n 1 -

'•Joiih IIawi .

The (bllowinii



,ni,.„



Pi nil Amboy, th



Li



n copy of the oath taken b) Mr.
ince before o magistrate i



' "111 well and huh exei ute the wltliin Oummlsslou to the b

•kill. Judgment 1 knowb

"Sohcli 1
"Joiia



ii.



"1 1 With this yoo will r IveaC nilsafnn to you for running the

■ and \\ • -1 Jersey, tu il cei mi-n ..1 which

you will be sworn, as In the diafl .,1 the oath ou the back tin
"2d. ITon Blnrtiu Ryerson, ul Gurshum slot I

isslstaul surveyor, il you think proper; mil si

chaln>bcarera and markers; all whloli are i" i->- sworn, ->r ufflraied, Inily
to perform thoolTlce you employ tlieiu In, and to have n certlBeuUiuf

'li" iths or afArmatloua Indorsed on the back of your «lg I I.y the

magistrate who administers the oath or ufflnuutl m to them,
lu case when you are on the work,

of sickness or otliorwlso you And hsIoii to employ m 1 other per-

Bona than utflnsl you iuteudeil,yuu may pro* eeil «iili them fill

neat tlie habitation ol .1 mnjlstrule. and tliuu cause them to I.,- swoni ..r

iifnnned befuro hlm.thal they have hitherto well and truly executed,

and that they will well and truly exec , tl Bee j avi

them lu to the best ol their knowledge : And you are tu dli cl the
chain-bearers in chaining to bold the itnke thi ) are next tu pin in the

6 ud i" the same hand »iili the chain, and wltliin th

ol thi end thai the) nn tu push in the gn I, nud stretcli the chain nt

"1 the K nd, oud tu dlroi 1 the marker t., mark th

Iter in- mentioned.
"The 1 irogoltig are true copies and extracts;

"James Pabkee."

In running the partition-line, Mr. Lawrence started
al the designated point cm the east Bide of Lil
Harbor, and ran a random Line to the north station-
point, al Cochecton. He thru found the station-
point established and marked by the commissioners
in 1719, and, taking his bearing, returned, making
hi- corrections and marking the true line southward
to the place of beginning. We take a few extracts
from his field-book while running the line through
Sussex ( !ountj .

["Extracts from the original field-1 k of John

Lawrence taken 22d August, 1841, during the progress
of a trial between [ra Fuller and Jonathan 1 1
The extracts commence near the Musconetcong, on
the random line, and continue to the Delaware. Also
the return line from the Delaware River to the Mus-
conetcong." By Mr. /'. J;

ii. 17*3.
Field Hi».k )

I I M . I

94 ol*.— A RcdUal lainetet on the V tide of tl „,,.

i. nn near the root, on the S. aide ■■( Mnwoiietoona rivor.ulfi'J cli.

The river about 78 I., wide, beai

high hill.
03 A whit.' Onh ab'l 9 Incites dliunotci ; the ground deecei

wind ; al 18 ■ h u small brook, running Eastward ; al ii au ludlan

Uak ab't 181m bes Diameter, ll I.. Westward i hill; the

crunud di uda N ward.

'" I Red Oak ib'l i \ 1 1 it dl urn li i Thi roun I A ■ mas pari

Northerly ami pari N. Easterly. Ai ::; a Grass] r I ch. wide

""'I ■''■' I '• Id heaver dam ab't P. , i,.

below; - lamnche.

'" * li"l Oak in , small plain ab't 10 luc i

Unlmi f I'eqnest, runs ab't W.and abl 10 L. wide.

'" A Willi i j I., i he N H. I ,i large Dnun h •■<

Peqnesl At 10 1 1. the N edge ol s plain, the UouuU

li>i An Asli Sapllu i.i'i I In. dlameter.ou the N.

»wam| | ■ I weul tu .. b i;,. i,i

-

lb, 174.1.
.' i IOi h.wida and BO • li long; bore about
VI v lieckol laud about lOch. •
in cli



From the instructions accompanying thecommis-

"ii we make the following extracts, certified a- a

Mleel copj :



* Tl nmberi lu the margin n pi. ■• ni mil.- (. he southern polul

■'< Utile I Iml i.ii..i,..i |„ ii,,

• I oi eightieth parts ..I .. mil.-. ..\.-r Hi.- lost l

man) - bolus ol the nes.1 intlr run.



44



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY.



1(11 A Maple standing in a large swamp on the South side about 10
Indies diameter. At 10 a brook about 25 L. wide ; at 23, the N. Bid
of the meadow, a White Oak under the edge of the hill.

102 A White Oak ab't 12 Inches diameter. The ground descends N.
Easterly.

103 A Black Oak ab't 14 inches diametor, and 20 ch. S. Easterly on the
edge of a hill, on the N. si.le of a swamp. At 08 ch. a round about
5 ch. East. At 7+ ch. a notch in the mountain. Bore N. 88 W. the
last half mile. Good Laud.

10+ A Spanish Oak ab't 18 inches diameter near the foot of a very steep
hill ; the ground descends Northerly. At 58 ch. a branch of Tock-
hockconetconk (.Pallliuskill) about (i foot wide; bears ab't West;
crossed it about y„ ch. E. of a large spruce pine. At 07 Tockhock-
conetconk about 70 L. wide. Bore S. W.

105 A White Oak ab't 1% foot diameter. The ground descendst East-
erly-steep.

106 A While Oak Saplin about 5 In. diameter, 4 ch. S. of a large pond of
water, by estimation 100 Acres.*

Traverse Course Round the Pond.

1 N. 59 E. 33.

2 N. 5, 45 E. 14.

3 N. 55, K. IS.

4 N. 23 E. 8, 25.

5 N. 6)/ 2 E. 9.



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 10 of 190)