James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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Qainesville, in Sandyston township. It is still owned
by the Morris Turnpike Company, whose < >f li e-<- is at
Iforristown, N. J. The gatekeepers since its con-
struction have been: I. Frederick Spangenburgh ;
J. The Widow Reaves; ■".. Martin Drake; 4. Andrew

Phillips; 5. George Snable, wh arried Martin

Drake's widow and moved the gate to Mount Pisgah,

Where it was kept for many years; 6. Ahrani Bell,

wlio took the position in 1889 and held it sixteen
years ; 7. Benjamin Tuttle, « bo served fourteen j ears ;

s. A brain Bell, 1871-77; 9. William Myers; 10.

llinr\ StefFens, the prcsenl incumbent.
The following incident occurred when the turnpike

was in process of construction : .lolin Hell, then a boy
of sixteen, was returning from Tibs Meadow, in Sandy-
ston township, and, having heard that a turnpike was

being surveyed through Culver's Gap, concluded to

pass this point, and thus gratify his curiosity in the

matter. < >n reaching the < lap he found there, in bois-
terous conversation, William A. Byerson, a Quaker,
and David Phillips. As he approached, Byerson ex-
claimed to Phillips, "I tell thee, David, this turn-
pike will be built, and I would not be surprised if thee
lived to Bee stages run through this Gap." Phillips

turned to the yotUlg man Bell and exclaimed, "The

bid man is getting crazy !"

The total amount raised by the township for road
purposes is $1800. The territory of Frankford is di-
vided into forty-seven road districts.

KAlil.\ li -i\i SS ENTERPRISE.

The first mill at Branchville was built l>y William
P.eemer. It wa- run by water supplied by tin' outlet

of Culver's Lake. This mill was a portion of the

property [purchased by .lames Hau'erty, and was

doubtless rebuilt and enlarged by him.

The second mill was .reeled by William A. Kyer-
-on. and is thought to have lir~t begun operations
nearly a century si It was locate. 1 at the upper

I of the village and was Brsl conducted a- a l^ r i - 1 -

mill, but later a carding-mill was connected with it.
It eventually became the property of Richard A.
I v arson was I-, him converted into a woolen-fact< r?
and was consumed bj it r. in I860.

The earliest forge was located on the site of the
present GLouring-mill of Maurice Chamberlain, and
was built by members of the Bale family, who early
settled in Lafayette. Tradition relates that n<. divis-
ion of interests existed in thi- family, each member

having drawn his revenues from a common fund.
which was equally accessible to all. This forge proved

so profitable as to convince many of the neighbors
that the family had discovered a mine of -nine kind
in the mountains which they successfully worked.

The forge of Dr. Beach was built some years later.

M 1KB] \'.i. B in I ROD K - To 1799.

The following record of marriages performed by
Squire Francis Price, is transcribed from his justice's

docket verbatim :

17K2, M.ir.li.— Then I murrkil James- A.Juiii- to Aunt Dunn; M..\,

G ■g« Wutaer to Mary Boll; June, Peter Washer to Man*

daughter, IJiiuh Collar.! tu Slu-it's ihiuKhter; July, J. uu. - Iluty I..

Nancy , David Nuu.y l.. I'.iti .• (Velar; Antcu-t, Charles Kii.K

t-. .ii.l.n Slcklet 1 daughter \ Aug. 21, Jnmea Print- to ..no For.

18, Abraham Bell to Abl I I, Caleb Hopkins to Buth

Hull. Hezekiah Price to Nancy HopkJns; Oct 3, George formal to

.'.i_i Bouthermon, William a i;. lb Hull.

it-; Hay. — Tli. -t. 1 married Benjamin Sheppard to John Adamjee

daughter; Oct, 10, Petei Case to Ben. kab Peterson.
17-1. Deb, 13.— Tlion I married Leri LewiatoMary 11.ii.it; March 1".

Sammnel Bberrad to Elisabeth Holley ; Juno 14, Samnmel Smith t..

Marj Elizabeth Spangenbnrg; -1 16, Art..r Petty t" Mary Rami-;

July I, Ji.lin oi-.-.nii.L' I.. Il.iiiiiuh Dunn. — 20 names.
1784, Aug. 29.— Then I married ll.-i.ry stull to Jane Skim; Oct. 18,

Jacob Hodman to Elizabeth it.il; Hot. 23, Joseph Dunn to Rachel

Malta ar.
17-:., .inn..- 7.— Thou I married Hugh Hagerty, Jr., I.. Elizabeth Hemot-

ti-rv; July u, Selvenus Youngs toKexinb Castorllne; Aug. -1, Tho.

... to Sarah Kimble; Nor. 9, William lk,oth to Clener Mathar.

178fi, April 9.— Thou I married John Kennedy to Charrity W.irtu: July

-'..I pi. Northrup to Lucy Price; Bept 6, William Hsnrens t..

Betty Sbhooly; Sept. 14, WUUam Sordemrine i" Kninie Brodrick ;

Sopt 17, ll.-nry Peters to Betty Shaderrine; Oct, 24, Henry Bee ,

Jr., t.. s.irnili Wicker; Deo. 21, Jacob Ball to Sualah Snook.
1787, Jan. S. — Then I married James Adams toSarah Dunn; March 4,

Levi Lewis to Keziah Bolshy; March 18, Levi Ayrea to Phebo Bua-

-l; March 28, Abraham Derritl t.. Meheteble Hopkins; April 19,

Jnmos Toplt to Klizebeth Hopkins; Hay 3, Dannel Meqnean to

Phebe Pi si Jnly 17, Albert Aocor to Sarah Hurt; Deo. B, Theoph-

iles Case tu Anne .surit.-riuun.— 22.
1787, Doc. li.— Then I married Joseph Pallet I.. Elizabeth Wilson; Deo.

2."., Will s .1, t-. Cut I .. -. in.- Spauderbarren; Dec. 26, Corneli* i-.l. Bo

Nancy Marthar.

20.— Then I marrieil George Is.-pice to Anna Rlnot; Bept 7.

Obediah Hopkini. I-. Jam- \.«\\ : N..v. 2, Rito Roiling to i:i


1789, March 29.— Then 1 married John Oaborn to Barah French ; April
27, Jn ..i- Bhelor i-. Christeen Huffman; Bept -'7, Samuel Horton to

tret Oonseelour; Ocl 5,JaoobLaordlng to Bdna Landln
30, \ii,lri-« Bubbelea t.. Oaty Adams.

1790, Jan. 10, Then I married James Wbodard to Mary Lonkar; July
4, Frederick Soverreen to Patlen

rick to Anna Barton.
it-'I , April -i Then i married ttlchal Dei kei i" Phi 1 1 Blm.
lloury Washer to Anm. Current; Dec. 26, Tiui.,11 -.
I. n. How.

» . i !, li.- .. I iiii.ii. i Peter Simple to the Johannal
v.. mi..; April :., William Stootel to Oat] Bugenei ; April 8. John Hop-
kins i.. Hannah sir,....!,.. ■; April 29, Phillip Peer to Ester Dunn;
Jnne 7, Nathan h Prtee ; Bept. 17, Paul Orermld to

M.i. 1- ii ,i,i ... i ,i i- Case to] llzabeth Lontarmon; Oi I

18, llui > Peer.

. i

26, Tin- in. if K..V.1 t-, Anna A.lalim; Apiil 28, Phillip Be

ni to Cat] Kimpls ; Juno
irga Stotal to i.-.tty Dunneis; Oct 18, Levi Dunn to Uarj
Samuel Mathers toSamli -

17B4, J. in i. -'li.. ii i married Abraham ByiertoAui

Feb. 2, Abral i Boyel to Harj Mill"

IB, Barren! Barton to Al I



Jr., to Anna Morris; April 20, Peter A'an Gordon to Sarah McMot-
try ; June 2, Thomas Heddy to Mary Williams; July 22, Jacob Luce
to Abigal Northrup ; Oct. 23, Silas Hopkins, Jr., to Kachael Eteu ;
Nov. 19, Bellemy Lyons to Elizebeth Sanders.

1 795, Jan. 6.— Then I married Stephen Kubbelee to Sarah Adams ; March
3, John Cass to Aune Mary Maring; March 18, John Dudbrige to the
"Widow Elizabeth Adams; April 23, Michal Matten to Mary Retann;
May 19, Isaac Smith to Mary Morris ; July 16, John Dustiu to Eve

1796, April 13.— Then I married John Philip to Elizabeth Derumple;
April 18, John Hagerty to Jane Stull ; June 19, Richard Struble to
Jerusha Dervitt ; July 16, William Southwith to Martha Williams ;
July 31, Dennis Morris to Elizabeth Lanning; Aug. 14, Selvenus
Toungs to Margret Kyaor; Aug. 21, John Ferego to Anne Dilliston;
Nov. 23, John Dilliston to Elizabeth Adams; Dec. 29, John Gilmore
to Chairity Agny ; Dec. 31, Joseph Ilanes to Sufiah Culver.

1797, Feb. 5.— Then I married Obediah Rozfel to Sarah Harris : Feb. 20,
Peter Longcor to Abigal Hains; March 12, Alexander Williams to
Julian Hagerty; May 7, Zachariah Price to Saiah Price; June 18,
John Putmun to Jane Stull.

1798, April 16.— Then I married Zachariah Buskirk to MaryCouklin;
May 8, William Dunn to Ruth Sanders ; Nov. 1, William Forster to
Phebe Whitman; Dec. 16, Jacob Struble to Susanna Stoottlo.

1799, May 19. — Then I married Jesse Holly to Christeeu Desherrow.

The act erecting the township of Frankford as an
independent township was passed March 1, 1797, and
reads as follows :

"An Act for dividing tite Township of Newton, in the Covntv of
Sussex, into two separate Townships.

" Whereas, A number of the inhabitants of the township of Newton,
in the county of Sussex, by their petition have set forth that they have
long labored under many and great difficulties by reason of the large
extent of the said township ; for remedy whereof,

" Be it enacted by the Council and General A*se>rd>hi ></ tlii* Slate, and it is
hereby enacted by the authority of the same. That all that part of the town-
ship of Newton lying to the north of the following line, — to wit, begin-
ning at the division line between the townships of Newton and Sandis-
ton where a true line will strike the fourth end of the Long Pond near
the said division line, and the outlet of the White Pond near the division
line between Newton and Hardiston, and so continue to the line of Har-
diston, — shall be, and the same is hereby, set oil' from the township of
Newton ; and the same is hereby established a separate township, to be
called by the name of ' Frankford. 1 " i

The township records of Frankford having been
destroyed by fire, the subjoined list is as complete as
the books of the township clerk enable the writer to
make it:

1875.— Freeholders, Squire Dalrymple, John H. Roe; Township Clerk,
Oscar S. Bowman; Assessor, Joseph H. Strader; Collector,
Charles Roe, Jr. ; Town Committee, Jacob N. V. Dimon, Nathan
S. Roe, George N. Armstrong, Daniel Wyker, Richard W. Pel-
let; Justices of the Peace, Nathaniel K. Bray, Stephen J. Pel-
let; Overseers of the Poor, Stephen Hunt, Philip Wyker; Sur-
veyors of Highways, John Dekay, John Sherred.

1876.— Freeholders, Hozoktah Smith, Samuel H. Hough ; Township Clerk,
Oscar S. Bowman; Assessor, Joseph II. Strader; Collector,
Charles Roe, Jr. ; Town Committee, Jacob S. Van Auken, John
H. Roe, Richard W. Pellet, J. N. V. Dimon, Daniel Wyker;
Overseers of the Poor, Philip Wyker, Stephen Hunt ; Surveyors
of Highways, John Sherred, Andrew L. Williams.

1877. — Freeholders, Alansou 0. Decker, Samuel H. Hough; Township
Clerk, 0. S. Bowman ; Assessor, N. K. Bray ; Collector, Charles
Roe, Jr.; Town Committee, Daniel Wyker, J. N. V. Dimon, Ja-
cob S. Van Auken, Richard W. Pellet, John H. Hoc; Overseers
of the Poor, Stephen Hunt, Philip Wyker; Surveyor of High-
ways, John Sherred, A. L. Williams.

1878— Freeholders, William McDanolds, William H. Roe; TownBhip
Clerk, George Phillips; Assessor, Joseph H. Strader; Colloctor,
Simeon II. Stivers; Town Committee, Daniel Wyker, Peter J.

Morris, Samuel II. Hough, John Dalrymple, Jacob A. Courseu ;
Overseer of the Poor, Philip Wyker; Surveyors of Highways,
Moses V. Shoeniakor, Israel McDanoldB.

1S79.— Freeholders, William McDanolds, George Roe; Township Clerk,
George Phillips; Assessor, Henry Phillips, Jr.; Collector, Sim-
eon H. Stivers; Town Committee, Daniel Wyker, Jacob A.
Coarsen, Israel McDanolds; Overseers of the Poor, Philip Wyker,
James P. Smith; Surveyors of Highways, John Sherred, Isaac
B. Williams.

1880. — Freeholders, William McDanolds, George Roe; Township Clerk,
George Phillips; Assessor, Edward Roe; Collector, George J.
Bowman ; Town Committee, Daniel Wyker, Israel McDanolds,
Jacob A. Courseu; Overseer of the Poor, Philip Wyker; Sur-
veyors of Highways, John Sherred, Isaac D. Williams; Justices
of the Peace, Stephen J. Pellet, Nathaniel K. Bray.


The first school in the township recalls a prriod con-
temporaneous with the advent of settlers as early as
1750. The school building was erected on the farm
at present owned by Mrs. James A. Osborn, and
formerly the property of Zachariah Price, Sr., and
his brother, Henry Price. Little is known of its con-
dition or dimensions, though it is probable that the
material was of a very primitive pattern. The struc-
ture was later demolished, and has never been rebuilt.

A school building was erected in 1810 on land now
occupied by Zachariah Price. It was in use for a
period of seventy years, and but recently abandoned,
the territory having been embraced in another dis-
trict. The earliest pedagogue who maintained a
wholesome discipline in this field of labor was Robert
A. Lynn, and one Thomas Gunn also taught at an
early day. It is probable that the venerable Thomas
Bray, whose sixtieth year was passed as an instructor
of the rising youth of Frankford, was among the
early teachers.

Other schools followed as the township became
settled, and new districts were set apart. The town-
ship is now divided into eight districts."

The total amount raised in the township during the
last year (1879) for school purposes was $6657.62,
which was apportioned in the various districts as
follows :

Muttisons $425.60

Long Bridge 533.12

Brauchville 2867.33

Augusta 545.04

Frankford Plains 1123.32

Harmony 367.66

Wykertown 795.65

Beemcrville 177.27

The teachers at present employed in the various
districts are, Mattisons, Miss Carrie Phillips ; Long
Bridge, Miss Celestia Bray ; Augusta, Miss Emma L.
Struble; Frankford Plains, John P. Lantz; Har-
mony, Miss Celestia Fuller ; Wykertown, Miss Ella
Jones; Beemerville, David A. Roe; Branchville,
John A. Straley, Miss Delia A. Dewitt, Miss Ella



This organization is one of the oldest of the de-
nomination in Sussex County. The date and circum-
stances under which the society was formed are not



matters of record, though its history doubtless em-
braces a period of at least one hundred year-.

Three church edifices have been erected in succes-
sion for tlic use of the society. The first was located

across tin- road from tin- present sit.- and adjoining
the old graveyard, which has since developed into an
attractive cemetery. This building, alter doing good
service for a series of years, was purchased by Van

lyle Coursen and converted into a ham. The sec-
ond, a substantial square edifice, built, after the
fashion of the times, with a large gallery surrounding
three sides, was erected, as neatly a- can he deter-
mined, between 182") and 1830, and for mote than a
quarter of a century was the centre of interest for
the denomination in Sussex County. Its extensive
Quarterly Meetings and soul-stirring love-feasts made
it the most important field of labor of the Newton
< 'inn it, to which it then belonged. Its walls fre-
quently resounded with the fervid eloquence of such
men as Manning, Force, Caleb Lippineott, .Jacob
Swain, and Father Banghart.

The church was on one occasion the scene of a
Bpirited controversy involving the control of the
building. A Unitarian preacher, a woman, was in-
vited to officiate, and by her peculiar doctrines gave
great offense to the devout Methodist brethren.
Moved by what they deemed their duty in the matter,
the use of the pulpit on a subsequent occasion wits
refused her. This greatly offended the owner of the

adjoining land, who discovered thai a portion of the
church edifice b! 1 on his property. It was proved

that by actual survey a space six feet in width had
been occupied In the trustees in the erection of their

building, lie therefore elai d that portion and

offered it to the lady, suggesting that she stand within
tlii- limited ho lary and nluct the service. The

trustees prepared to remove the church upon their
own ground, which the gentleman before alluded to
opposed, and took measures t" Becure the building by
driving posts firmly in the ground, to which the edifice
vas fastened by strong chains. This episode was the

occasion of much excitement in the immediate vicin-


The building was ultimately purchased by Tobias
Raines and converted into a barn, the year 1858
having witnessed tl n-.-t i. iii of the present comfort-
able edifice, under the pastorate of Rev. II. .J. Ilay-

ter, who ministered to both the Lafayette and the
frankford Plains ( Jhurchi
Since the erection of the last edifice the following

pastors have been settled over the congregation : Kevs.

II. J. Hayter, Oliver Badgely, W. 0, Nelson, J. H.
liuinon, J. B. Beward, W. II. McBride.J. B. Mathis,

William McCain, II. M. Simpson, and S. D. F razee.

flu- history of the Presbyterian Church organiza-
tion dales from 1820. Prei ions to that time tin- town-
ship had been regarded as missionary ground, and

tra-.i r-cd occasionally by Presbyterian preachers from
Newton or elsewhere. The Rev. John Boyd, of New-
ton, officiated a I intervals from I si i;', til] 1 si 1, and for
a long time the American Tract Society sustained a
colportage work here.

During IMS two young nun on a vacation from their
theological studies — Messrs. A-liliel C Fairchild and
Otis S. Hovt — undertook a systematic mission in the
township, which resulted in the sending out of the

Rev. Enos A. < i-hoi ii. He began his labors in May,
ISlit, and succeeded in gathering a small church. lie
preached in a building used later a- a -itting-room at
the old Roe homestead, in the village of Augusta,
and then the Augusta school-house. 1 1- also preached
in the school-house at Branchville, which building
stood on the bill just above the lately dismantled

When a few souls were found ready to form a per-
manent organization, a little company assembled in
the rude church, — a union property on the summit of
the hill beyond the school-house in Branchville.
Built for any and all religious services which the
neighborhood might obtain, its walls have echoed
with the doctrines of almost every sect known to
our day. The house was framed of wood, then
merely inclosed with floors, siding, and roof, and
without window-sashes. The seats were made by
placing logs lengthwise and crossing them with

hoard-. For the preacher there was an elevated con-
trivance which might lie called a desk. The land
Upon which it was built was given by the heirs of
Martin Ryerson, and .lob Cosad gave the building.
Some years later it was completed with funds raised
for the purpose.

In tin. primitive i linie tin- I n - t Presbyterian
Church of Frankford was organized. It is with a
historical as well as real propriety that it is there-
fore called the Branchville Church, tl gh it did not

worship in the village for a period of thirty— ix years
from its formation. A committee to constitute it,
consisting of be. Edward Allen ami Enos A. Os-
boru, had been appointed by the Presbytery of Jersey

in the spring of 1820. < >n the third Sabbath of May
these brethren convened a congregation, and at this
meeting the following members were received: Susan

Roe. Margaret Roe, F.li/.a ( late-. Cat harine Ilagertv.
Hannah Ml. ia. Sarah Alicia, Margaret Alicia. Cath-
arine Ackerson, .Jane Vanatta, Edward Lewis, Polly
Struble, Margaret Gates, Ebenezer Tuttle, Randal
Stivers, David Aver-, Eunice Stivers, Sarah Gustin,
Hannah Ryerson, Marj Boss, Mary Allen, Sallj How-
ell, Margaret Lynch, and Mre.M. Ayere. The church
elected Mr. Randal stivers elder, ami Mr. Ebenezer

Tuttle deacon, and these officers were duly installed.

Mr. i Jsborn seems to have been the active minister
until 1821, when the Rev. Burr Baldwin was invited
to labor as Mated supply. He remained for two years.
The Rev. Nathaniel Conkling was his successor, and
was great!] blessed in bis labor-. Mr. Eenry Struble



was ordained an elder in 1825, and Mr. Richard D.
Struble the year following.

In 1827, Col. John Gustin generously donated a lot
of land at Augusta for a building, which was erected
per contract by Richard Bray. It was a plain but
substantial edifice, and comfortably seated two hun-
dred people. It was sold in 1875, and devoted to the
uses of a barn.

In 1833, Mr. Edward F. Dayton, a licentiate, be-
came the pastor ; under his ministry the church was
greatly blessed. The Rev. N. Beach succeeded in
1837, and Rev. Edward Allen officiated later, as did
also Rev. Joseph Vance. In 1842, Rev. B. Farrand
seems to have been a laborer in the field. Rev. Alfred
Ketchum succeeded Mr. Farrand in 1848, and re-
mained nearly nine years, — the longest ministry en-
joyed by the church up to this date.

During this period a movement was inaugurated to
change the place of meeting to Branchville. Land
was donated, the sum of $3000 subscribed, and the
present edifice was soon after erected. The church at
Augusta removed their principal services to the new
building, and have since been known as " The Pres-
byterian Church of Branchville."

The Rev. George W. Lloyd began his ministry in
November, 1857, under the encouragement of an
established pastorate, — the first since the formation
of the church. During his ministry the second of
the three parsonages owned by the church was built,
and to it he removed from Augusta. Rev. Peres B.
Bonney was called in February, 1866, and Mr. Wil-
liam H. Belden was invited in 1871 to fill a Sunday
pending Mr. Bonney's removal to another field ; Mr.
Belden soon after received a call, and began his labors
January, 1872.

In September, 1874, a fire occurred which totally
destroyed the records, and, but for the historical facts
previously gleaned, the church would be entirely
without such data as are here given.

In the spring of 1875 an effort was made to enlarge
the edifice used for worship, and the funds for its
accomplishment were very speedily raised.

From the records it appears that Rev. David
Stevenson began his labors in 1878, and continued
them until the summer of the present year, since
which time the congregation has been without a

This is a brief synopsis of the history of the Pres-
byterian Church of Branchville, for which the histo-
rian is chiefly indebted to a sermon preached by Rev.
W. H. Belden, July 9, 1876.


A Baptist church was erected at Augusta as early
as 1790, but very little regarding its history is known.
The ground was given by a Mr. Abbott, and also in-
cluded a burial-place. The land embraced in the
adjacent farm was later purchased by an individual
who also claimed the cemetery. The township au-

thorities were therefore compelled to repurchase the
ground. The Morris family for three generations
have used this spot for burials.


Services in connection with the Methodist Episco-
pal denomination have been held, at first occasion-
ally, and then statedly, for a period of sixty years.
For this purpose the pulpit of the free union church
was frequently occupied by clergymen of the church
who were delegated to hold either special or regular

Under the encouragement which was afforded by a
desire to have a house of worship, an effort was made
in 1864 to erect a building. Funds were liberally
subscribed, — not only by members of the denomina-
tion, but by others whose circumstances had induced
them to afford the new enterprise their support. An
eligible site was donated by William H. Bell, Esq.,
and work was begun upon the new edifice. The
foundation was laid and a commodious frame erected,
which, unfortunately, was blown down before it was
properly braced.

This accident so disheartened the society as effect-
ually to discourage any further efforts. Services were,
however, maintained at Dunning's, and later at Be-
dell's Hall, and continued for a period of fourteen
years. The lot had meanwhile passed to the posses-
sion of other parties, and the society had succumbed
to various discouraging circumstances and become
weak and inactive.

During 1878, Rev. Theodore Frazee was appointed
to the Branchville charge. Under the vigor of his
administration new life was infused into the society,
and the congregation greatly increased in numbers
and power. The lot formerly owned was repurchased,
together with an addition, which gave it a frontage
on Main Street. By untiring efforts and while en-
countering strong opposition, a sufficient amount was
pledged with which to erect the present building, one
of the most attractive in the county.

Since the formation of this charge as a district so-
ciety the following pastors have been stationed over
the church : Revs. W. C. Nelson, James H. Runyon,
J. B. Heward, W. H. McBride, J. B. Mathis, William
McCain, H. M. Singson, and Theodore D. Frazee.
During the pastorate of Rev. J. H. Runyon an in-
teresting revival occurred.

The trustees of the church are H. J. Bedell, O. S.
Bowman, J. M. Jervis, A. J. Snook, and C. R. Gor-
don. The secretary and treasurer is 0. S. Bowman.

A flourishing Sabbath-school is maintained, under

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 100 of 190)