James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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the Franklin Iron Company came into control of the
New Jersey Zinc Company's business at Stirling Hill.
The company work now two shafts, respectively 75
and 325 feet deep, employ forty miners, and get out
from 60 to 65 tons of ore daily, which is shipped to
Newark for manufacture into paint and zinc. The
yearly yield is about 20,000 tons.

The New Jersey Zinc Company sent to the World's
Fair at London, from the Stirling Hill mine, a solid
mass of zinc ore weighing upwards of eight tons.
The value of this great zinc tract is almost incalcu-
lable, and its supply practically inexhaustible.


This corporation — an outgrowth of the New Jersey
Zinc Company — commenced operations at Stirling
Hill in 1856, and in 1861 erected there commodious
and expensive works for the crushing of ores. They
mine red zinc, silicate, and franklinite ores, of which
the aggregate yield is 50 tons daily, or about 16,000
tons annually. Shipments are made to Jersey City,
where the company's factory is located. The average
number of men employed is thirty-eight. Timothy
A. Marshall, the superintendent, lias been in charge
of the work since 1861.

The veins owned by the company are respectively
20 and 10 feet in width, the latter being, however, ex-

ceedingly irregular. The shafts are two in number,
and measure respectively 200 and 100 feet in depth.

The operation of crushing the. ores at Stirling Hill
was continued until 1877, when it was abandoned by
reason of the introduction of improved methods at
the company's manufactory, looking to the achieve-
ment of the same ends there.


The Manganese Iron Ore Company of New York
have been at work in Stirling Hill extracting frank-
linite, of which they have obtained within the past
four years perhaps 15,000 tons. Since October, 1880,
the works have lain idle by reason of litigation, which
called a temporary halt upon the company's enter-


About 2J miles southeast of Ogdensburg are the
Ogden Iron-Mines, so called because the tract they
cover once belonged to Elias Ogden, who mined there
and smelted the ore in a four-fire forge.

The first of the Ogden mines worked was known as
the Horseshoe mine, whose opening may yet be seen
just below that of the Lehigh Valley mine. The
Horseshoe is said to have been opened in 1772 by
Spargo & Harvey, two enterprising Englishmen, who
sent their ore over to the forges at Sparta and Hope-
well. Roads were out of the question, and so the ore
had to be transported on the backs of horses and
mules. Of course, with such transportational facili-
ties, there was not much call for a very extraordinary '
production of ore, for it could not be shipped.

There was, doubtless, mining at the Ogden at irreg-
ular intervals after Spargo & Harvey gave it up, but
the extreme difficulty encountered in getting the ore
out of that mountainous region made the process a
necessarily slow and tedious one. Before 1840, Col.
Edsall, of Hamburg, and Col. Samuel Fowler,' of
Franklin, mined some at the Horseshoe, and about
that time Thomas D. Edsall got out some ore there
for the Franklin Furnace. The Roberts mine was
likewise opened, not far from 1840, by Clarkson Bird,
and, in 1845, Mahlon Dickerson was operating in the
Lehigh Valley mine with a force of about thirty men.
In that year the two mines yielded about 1000 tons of
ore, and that was regarded as good work.

It has been observed that early operations at the
Ogden mines were restricted to a narrow volume by
reason of the lack of means for transporting the ore
to market after it was mined. It was evident that the
value of the mining-lands would remain largely theo-
retical until some easy outlet for the material was
provided. Until 1868, however, no such advantage
was extended. In that year the Ogden Mine Rail-
way, reaching from the Ogden mines to Nolan's Point,
on Lake Hopatcong, — a distance of 10 miles, — was
constructed by the Ogden Mine Railroad Company,
whose projectors were largely composed of owners of
the mining tracts at Ogden and of iron-works to

Just previous to the breaking out of the Revolution-
ary war Donald Ross came from the North of >
bringing with him his wife and four children, a
tied in Orange Co., N. Y. He was a direct descendant
of lli" distinguished Crawford family, from whom Sir
William Wallace was descended. He died in the town
of Hnrdyston, Sussex Co., N. J., in the year 1709, aged
seventy-two years and nine months.

William Ross, eldest of his children, born in Scotland
hi 1768, was fifteen years old when the family came to
America. Immediately alter his arrival here he enlisted
in the army, but was rejected on account of bis youth,
After, two yar- he again offered bis services, was mus-
tered into the rank-, and served until the close of tin-
war. For several year- be managed a farm at New
Brunswick forjudge M orris, and about 1785 purchased
of that gentleman a farm of two hundred acre- in the
township of Hardyston, Sussex Co. During his resi-
dence a! New Brunswick, about the year 1800, he mar-
ried Phebe Noble, oi that place. The children born of
this union wi viz., Donald, Jacob, Isabel,

Isaac, J. dm. .la -, and Rachel. About the year 181:;

-l on bis farm in Hardyeton, where bo spent the
remainder of hi- life, and died Nov. 25, 1880; his wife
died in April, is:;::. He was a member of the Presby-
terian Church, but hi- wife affiliated with tin- Method-
ist In politics he belonged to thoold Federal I party,
lull supported Andrew Jackson for the Presidency.

John, son of William, is father of our Subject, and

was born Sept. 5, 1812. Until the ago of seventeen he
spent bis time at home, where be received the limited
opportunities then afforded for obtaining an education
in the common schools. At that time he began learning
the wagon-maker's trade, and has since carried on that
business in Sparta. He married, in February, 18-14. Ellen,
daughter of William McKinney, of Andovcr, N.J.

\\ oliam K. Ross i- their only surviving child, and
was born July 18, 1845, in Sparta. He was a teacher
for some two years, and in ISiU he was graduated at

Bryant A: Stratton's Business College in Newark, N. -I

Subsequently he was engaged for three year- a

keeper at Petroleum Centre, Venango Co., Pa., and as
n "f the machine-shops in the Central Machine-
Works. In 1867 he ca to Newton, N. J., and in

1868 he was appointed deputy sheriff of Sussex County,
under Sheriff Jesse Ward. Hu was reappointed by
Sheriff Simonson, and served until tho spring of 1871.
During the year 187o he served a- clerk of the township
of Newton, and for one year was one of the coroners of

Sussex County. He Served as justii f tho peace from

the spring of 1871 t ■: ;. when he resigned

that office; the same fall he was elected sheriff on the
Democratic ticket, and in consequence of a change in
the State constitution Berved for Bve consecutivi
being tho only sheriff in the State for so long a term.
His wife is Clarissa Iv, a daughter of 1»- los S Merrick,

of Nunda, N. V.. whom I tarried Jan. I, 1877 Tbej

have one child, William I. i



which the mines were tributary. The railroad i t-

pany built, moreover, a broad and smooth roadway
„,, the mountain-sidi from I Igdensburg to I Igden
fane, over a stretch of 21 miles, al a cosl of $24,000.

Tin- work, which was a difficult and expensive

wa- undertaken on behalf of the zinc ore companies
forking at Ogdensburg, thai they might find im-
proved transportation for their ore. The zinc and
iron ores wen: carted over the road to Ogden, and
tin.,-,, reshipped via the railway for Nolan's Point,
hi qi e they were forwarded by the boats of the Mor-
ris ( !anal Company to all points. The zinc ore com-
panies agreed to guarantee to the railroad company
nough from their shipments to compensate for
Jheoutlaj of $24,000 upon the road, and that in four
years was a ratified promise. Bj thai time the Not
Midland Railroad was completed to Ogdens-
burg, and of course the zinc companies then aban-
he mountain-road as an outlet.

A majority of the lands now mined al Ogden are
Owned by the Ogden Iron Company of Dover, who
lease the property to various parties.

The Roberts mine has hen worked by tin- Allen-
town Rolling-Mill Company since L866. It has a
-halt reaching toadepth of 300 feet, and mines a vein
L2 feel wide. From Oct. 1, 1870, to Dec. 1, lssu, the
producl of this mine reached an aj:;m\i:ate of 21,000
(ons of ore. The assay of the ore gives 55 per cent.
of metallic iron. The southwestern mine of the group
Is called the Davenporl mine. For year- it paid
tribute to the Stanhope Furnace, bul for a twelve-
month has been worked by Atkins Brothers. The
vein is about 6 feet in width, and the shaft 175 feel in
depth. From April 1, 1880, to Dee. 1, 1880, the yield
was 5 tons, although the capacity was folly 8000

more. The ore assays about 47 per cent.

The Lehigh Valley mine, leased by theCoplay Iron

Company, has n shaft of about 165 feet in depth, and

:i vein of fr 1 to 5 feet in thickness. The yield

- from loo to 500 tons i ith.

For all tin- mining' companies heretofore mentioned

ae working at Ogden, Messrs. Maley & Conley are
the contractors, and -inee 1869 have I, ecu steadily
engaged at Ogden in getting oul ore. Mr. Maley has
been on the ground as a contractor since L867 : two

year- later he wa- joined by his partner.

The Pardee mine, lying just northeast of the Rob-
erts mine, is under lease to the Musconetcong Iron-
Worl lie -haft reaches to a depth of 800 feet, the
vein i- about 12 feel in thickness, and for the mining

ID from Oct. 1, L879, tO Dec. 1, 1880, had yielded
16,000 tons, although it- capacity for that period will

reach 20,000 tons. The assay is about 55 per cent.

The Victor mine is not worked at present, and the

Horseshoe or old Ogden mine is practically exhausted.

The last-mentioned completes the list of opi ain
at Ogden of pronounced importance. In the busiest
part of the mining season as high as two hundred and

Seventy-five people are employed in and ahoiit the

Ogden mines, and the settlement i- at times large
enough to be dignified as a village. A school was
established there in 1870, and since then has been en-
couragingly supported.

Aside from the yield of ore. the soil in thai i

borhood produces nothing save in isolated spots where
aguine inhabitant finds feeble encouragement
in his efforts t" supply his family with a few of the
earth's fruits.

According to the report of the State geologist in
1868, the vein of ..re at Ogden, j- 'ged by openings on

it and by examination- with the miner's COmpaSS, then
extended from the swamp half a mile northeast of the

old Ogden mine southweaterlj for at least two miles.
I, i- prettj well ascertained that the range between

( (gden mine and Sparta is charged with ore over the
entire reach.

[n June, 1880, when the United States census was
taken, then- were in Sparta fifty-three persons aged

between sixty and sixty-live. Those of sixty-live and

upwards arc here named :

QeorKeB.Beatty,78; OiaB Beatty,74;Marj B -.73; John Boas, S3;
l.v.lia Bonker, 80; Samuel Baylta,60; Sunn Baylle, «6; Thomas
Ban; ..... T 7 , Jamct By ram, 72; Mary Cole, 86; Jam
William K. Chi, lieeter, 70; Inns I !

Sarah Oastlmore, 66; Jamea Conly.Tj ; John CunulD
Cattery, S3; Hannah Cary, 76; Elisabeth U Cox, 74; Qi

Case, 70; Richard Decker, 09; Jane Duston, 70; T ipt ■,. D

71; John B. Barton, 72; Jane i I'lynu, 08; John

Flanlgan, 68; Daniel fiumlorman, 05; Cornelius Gallagher, 07;
l'hebo A. Honnion, 69; Brasilia Hammlll, T£; Hannah [Ian. mill,
70; Samuel Hammlll, 66; Isaac Hmd,M; Menu M. Harris, 65;

Whitfield II Hurd, 68; Sarah D. Unci, 60; .1 itban Hopkins, 70;

Etebecea M, Howell, 73; Sarah A. Howell, 68; Samuel Hardin, 72;

Jacob B. Hagnman, 66; David Klnny,70; Jane Kl y. -

Little, r.0; Stephen Lyon, 78; Elisabeth Lyon, 76; Am, Lo*ler,86;
Catharine Lanterman, 77 ; William Lanterman,70; ludrew Little,
83; Francis McDatltt, 65; Biehard McPoek, 83; Marj 1 M

,-; Fran. ,. Mil ' It-I '■'•! ^ i"" . : Vnna >l.-i

Henry H.Moore, 68; Sarah Moore, 72; Ml, hael BcCune,68; itii.i^.-t
Bally, 67; William Molly, 72; Jamea L.Munaon, I ■ James Haines,
66; Uarganl Kilobam, 70; Zlba Nichols,* 84; William Newman,
74; Elizabeth Oalx.rne, n,., OS; Martha Oilwrlie, 7S;

Elizabeth 8. Osborne, 67; Charity Ollwr, 70; Electa l-i.-rson, 73;
Am, a 11. Pieraon, 68; Benjamin A. Potter, 68; Ellen Qusekerbush,
,.; .1 lin i r >!

Rourke, 06; Uarganl sin.-. 71; Maria S hofleld,* 07; Boberl M.

Sweeney, 68; Hahlon Searoh, 70; Sarah Sheldon, 76; Jacob Sntt

74; Theresa Button, 06; Margaret Strublo, 78; Emanuel Turner,

i.-l Ti.lul.aek.71: Ma.uarel Ti.laha.-k, 7"; William 1

67; Pheba Tldabaok,66; James C. Truex, 76; Pbebe \ in
Martha Van Kirk, 72; Ellis Van Blarcom,69; John M. Van Bus-
klrk,70; Lydla White, 70; Mary A. Welch, TO; Bllsa J. Washer,
iv.; Phebe \. H ■'■'■''■ 1 -


Thomas O'Maley was horn in Cheshire, Conn., Feb.

■_".>, IS 14. At the a-c of fifteen he came to Morris Co.,
V J., and there engaged in the Hurd mines as a

Bl I" 'a-. I.



laborer. As soon as he became acquainted with the
business he began contracting, remaining at the Hurd
mines for three years. He spent some time subse-
quently prospecting in various mines, and in 1866
settled in Ogdensburg, where he immediately began
operations in the Ogden mine as contractor, and has
carried on a successful business since. Besides his
regular work at the Ogden mines, he is also a contrac-
tor for the Roberts Iron Company and Allentown
Rolling Mil] Company,— now known as the Allentown
Rolling Mill Company. He enjoys the confidence of
the iron companies with which he is connected, as
well as the esteem and confidence of the community
in which he resides. He is one of the most active
and enterprising men of Sparta. Mr. O'Maley mar-
ried, April 28, 1868, Miss Sarah E., a daughter of
Stephen Lyon, of Sparta.

His grandfather, Job Cory, was one of the early
settlers of Sparta, was a blacksmith by trade, and
became quite a large owner of real estate.


His wife was Jane Morrow, who bore him four sons
and three daughters, — namely, Polly, became the wife
of Thomas Denny ; David ; James ; Rohamy, became
the wife of Siren Wade; William; Silas; and Betsey,
who became the wife of Francis Mariam. Job Cory
and his wife were attendants and supporters of the
Presbyterian Church.

David was father of our subject, and was born Sept.
11, 1791. He learned the trade of blacksmithing from
his father, and spent a part of his time on the farm
until his marriage, which occurred Sept. 20, 1812, to

Martha, a daughter of Samuel Wade, of Hardy ston r
N. J. The children born of this union are Jane, wife
of John B. Easton,- of Sparta ; Samuel (deceased);
Job; Charles; Frank M. (deceased); Thomas D.;
Eliza (deceased), became the wife of Harrison Roe, of
Branchville; Mary (deceased), became the wife' of
Morris Roe, of New York ; David M. (deceased) ;
Martha, wife of Robert Morrow, of Kansas.

David Cory was a farmer through life. Both he and
his wife were members of the Presbyterian Church,
and he was an elder in that church for upwards of
thirty years.

Mr. Cory was a man of great strength of character,
had a mind of his own, was firm in his convictions,
possessed sterling integrity, and sought to fulfill the
full duties of the citizen. He died Jan. 1, 1869. His.
wife was born Sept. 8, 1794, and died Aug. 6, 1876.

Job Cory, son of David, born June 22, 1818, married
Joanna P. Lanterman in January, 1840. Their chil-
dren are Cornelia (deceased), became the wife of
Samuel Bucks ; Sarah ; Ella, wife of William Evart ;
Frank M. ; William ; and Eugene.

Mr. Cory received a liberal education during his
early life, and is a man well read in the current topics-
of the times. His business through life has been

He became a member of the Presbyterian Church
in 1840, has been one of its elders, and always takes
an influential part in all that pertains to the welfare
of that body. He is a member of the Republican
party, and has been elected to fill various positions
of trust in his township.


Among the thriving and enterprising business men
of Sparta township, none deserve more credit for
self-reliance, industry, and sterling integrity in all
their business relations than the subject of this sketch.

He was born in Germany, Oct. 15, 1835, and re-
mained at home until he was fourteen years of age,
when he was apprenticed for three years to learn the
milling business. After serving this time he followed
the business for fifteen months as a journeyman.
Being well prepared to establish himself in business
by being master of it, he emigrated to America,,
lauding in New York, May 17, 1854.

On account of his not understanding the English
language he engaged in various occupations until
1857, when he came to Newton, N. J. For one year
he was engaged with Moses W. Northrup & Son in
the steam grist-mill there, and for one year, 1858, he
was employed by James B. Titman, of Sparta, in his
mill. For the following five years he ran the Hurd
mill, and for a time was superintendent of the Fuller
mill, at Flatbrookville, and at the end of that time
he entered into a partnership with Mr. Titman, which
continues in 1881. This firm carries on a quite ex-
tensive jobbing and retail business in flour and grain


tji. Jf Cfrrt q/U/jhn^

Mark N. Congleton, son of Levi and Charlotte
(Schofield) Congleton, was born in Sparta township,
Sussex Co., Dec. 10, 1833. His grandfather, James
Congleton, was born in Hardyston township, Sussex
Co., N. J., June 12, 1780 ; married, March 17, 1805,
Elizabeth Newman, who was born March 31, 1787,
near Beaver Run, and died Jan. 11, 1861, on the
same farm where her entire life was spent. He
died Jan. 21, 1871, in Hardyston, where he spent his
life. He was a man of marked characteristics, socia-
ble, benevolent, and did all he could to forward religious
interests in the community where he resided. He had
eleven children, — viz., Hannah, Eleanor, Levi, Jane,
Mark, Joseph, Ann, David B., John A., Mary E.,
and Phebe, — seven of whom are living in 1881.

Of these children, Levi is father of our subject,
and was born in April, 1810, and married Charlotte,
daughter of Hezekiah and Mary Schofield, about the
year 1830, who bore him eight children : Mary, died
in infancy; Mark N. ; Sarah (deceased), was the wife
of John Kays ; James W. ; John E. ; Edward ; Ezra ;
David. Levi Congleton died Nov. 29, 1879.

He was a practical farmer through life, was a promi-

nent and influential member of the Presbyterian
Church of Hardyston, known as the North Church,
and was an elder for a number of years. His wife
is also a member of the same church, and survives in

Mark N. Congleton remained at home until sixteen
years of age, when he engaged with the firm of Halsey
& Noble, of Newark, in the manufacture of patent-
leather ; there he remained for four years. For eight
years afterwards he worked at the carpenter's trade,
and subsequently followed farming on shares until
1863, when he purchased a place near Ogdensburg, in
the township of Sparta, upon which he resided until
1871, and exchanged it for the one upon which he
now resides, consisting of one hundred and seventy-
three acres. This property is under a high state of
cultivation and has commodious buildings, and all the
surroundings of the place show the hand of a thrifty
and enterprising farmer. He married, Dec. 2, 1858,
Lucetta, daughter of Lewis C. and Theresa (Decker)
Roc, of Harmony Dale. Their children are James
W., Sarah E., Lewis 11. , Lotta T. (deceased), and
Katie M.


'6tA <5<^v>

Tiik. great-grand father of ({arret S. Van Blarcom
served in the war of the Revolution. His grand-
father, Garret Van Blarcom, was born in Bergen Co.,
N. J., about the year 1780, and married Mary De
Graw about the year 1804. Of this union were born
two sons and two daughters, — Samuel, William,
Susan (became the wife of L. L. Conklin, of Pater-
son, N. J.), and Mary A. (became the wife of J.
P, Dunn |.

Garret Van Blarcom was a mason by trade, but
spent the latter part of his life as a farmer. lie
was a member of the North Church of the township
of Hardyston, and politically a member of the Pcmo-
cratic party. He served in the war of 1812; his
death occurred about 18:51. His wife was descended
from one of the Huguenot families, was a member of
the North Church, and a devout Christian woman.
She died in 18(U, aged about eighty years.

Samuel, eldest son of Garret and father of our
subject, was bom in Bergen Co., N. J., in 1805, and
settled with his parents in Sparta township in 1820.
lie was a farmer through lire, and a man well informed
on the current topics of the day. He married, in

September, 182H, Bliza, daughter of Peter Qunder-

111:111. of Sparta; she was born in 1811, ami was the
mother of eight children, — namely, (iarret S., Mary

(wife of John Kays'), John, Elizabeth (deceased),
George, Samuel (deceased), David, Martha (wife of
Martin Bosenkrans, of Sparta). John, David, and
Samuel served in the late Rebellion. Samuel Van
Blarcom died July 19, 18G7. His wife survives in
1 S S [ . and is a woman of devoted Christian principles
and a member of the North Church.

Garret S., son of Samuel Van Blarcom, was born in
Sparta township, July 26, 18:51. His minority was
spent at home on the farm and in obtaining an educa-
tion. From 1858 to 18110 be farmed for his father,
and then purchased a farm of one hundred and twenty
acres, in which he added sixty more, making in all one
hundred and eighty acres, lie may safely be classed
among the thoroughgoing fanners of Sparta, to which
interest he gives his whole attention.

Mr. Van Blarcom is a member of the Republican
parly, and takes a somewhat active part in the propa-
gation of its principles. lie is a supporter of the
Presbyterian Church at Lafayette. On Dee. 16,
1858, he married Anna, daughter of Peter and Phebe

I Price Wilson. Of this union have been born tWO

children,— Peter \\\. Feb. 6, I860, and Anna B.,
M.ry 15, 1865.

Mrs. Van Blarcom is a member of the Presbyterian

Churob at Lafayette.


Timothy A. Marshall was bora in County
Tipperary, Ireland, Jan. 27, 1831. He obtained
a liberal education in the select schools of his
native place, and during his early manhood
learned the carpenter and joiner's trade, at which
he worked for some time in Ireland. In 1849
he came to America, and soon after his landing
in New York engaged with the firm of Cobb,
Mason & Hill, of North Points Foundry and
Machine-Works, where he remained for twelve
years. In 1861 he came to Ogdensburg as an
employee of the Passaic Zinc Company to erect
works for separating zinc ore, and to act as su-
perintendent of the entire works. In this posi-
tion he has since continued, and his duties have
been discharged to the entire satisfaction of his
employers and of those under his charge. It is
a noteworthy fact in this sketch that during the
twenty years he has been connected with this
company, having in charge from fifty (o one
hundred and seventy-five men at different times,
his executive ability and good judgment in the

disposition of the men under him have been
such that in no case has there been ajar of any
extent in business.

This is undoubtedly due to Mr. Marshall's
kind-heartedness, general courtesy, and friend-
liness to all with whom he comes in contact,
and especially to those who surround him in
every-day business life. He married, in 1857,
Miss Janet Mathews, a lady of Scotch descent,
but born in the city of London, England.
She came to America at the age of eighteen.
Their children are Janet, Mary, Margaret, and

Mr. Marshall is particularly interested in the
education of his children. One daughter, Mar-
garet, is a graduate of the Clinton Normal
School, and the others have received liberal
opportunities for obtaining an education. He is
also interested in the various local enterprises of
his township and county, and is a supporter of
all objects tending to the general good. Politi-
cally ho is a Republican.



at Sparta, and arc among the thrifty and successful
iiiilli-rs in Sussex ( 'otinty.

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 106 of 190)