James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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C N. 10, W. 22.

7 S. 78 W. 4.

8 N. 00 W. 36.

9 S. 86, W. 53 to the line
continued. At 39^ a small brook.

107 In the aforesaid Pond.

108 A Black Oak ab't 1)4 Toot diameter, 1 ch. S., the ground southerly;
at 45 a Ked Oak saplin marked E. & W. with a blaze aud 3 notches,
done this summer. At 01 a small brook, runs S. Easterly. Putty
good swamp.

109 A White Oak ab't 10 Inches diameter ; the ground descends S. East-
erly. At 15 a brook about feet wide. Bore about S.S.E.

110 A Ked Oak ab't 2 feet diameter. At 41 a small bog on the N. 6ide 9
ch. wide. Now we begun to ascend the Pnhaqualin Mountain ; it
bore S. 28 W. At 70 a very steep ascent— a mere body of rocks.

111 A crooked Spaui.-h Oak among the steep rocks the southerly side of
the mountain.

112 A Spanish Oak on the Northerly side of the mountain, about 3 in-
ches diameter, 18 foot westward of the mile end.

113 A pine tree 1 foot diameter 1]4 ch. southard. At 20 links Eastward
the ground descends N. Easterly. At 12^ a brook 40 links wide,
ab't S. 80 W. Good low Lands, 10 or 12 ch. wide on the N. 6ide of

114 An Ash ab't 6 In. diameter standing in a small gully. At 58 ch.
Delaware River. Bore about S. 86 W., 5 ch. wide. At the bank on
Delaware a Black Oak ab't 15 Inches diameter, leaning over the
liver, mat ked 114 and 58 ch. ; stands 10 L. W. of the river. In Pa
Hendrick Van Gorder's house about % of " "> il0 ' a,lli Abram Cara-
niau'sabve the place where the line comes to the river on the south
side ; at 114, 75 ch. Uower Decker's house. Bore E. 30 L. Continued
100t 'ni'es to Station Point, near Cochecton on Delaware."

Fiuday, Oct. 21st, 1743.
Fikld Book 1


Began where the random line crossed Delaware River at the end
ol 114 m. 58 ch., thence run a perpendicular N. 8l>>4 E. 60, 10 L. to
the true line. Course N. 9.19 W. 22 eh. The 115th mile an Elm
about I loot diameter in a small bushy gully. Kunning S. 9, 19 E.
00 ch. trom the 1 15th mile. Klatbrook about 50 Ls. wide, a pleasant
stream; course S. 9, 19 E.

111 A forked White Oak about 3 feet diameter, 14 ch. southerly of Flat-
brook in the low lauds on the Northerly side of the Pahaipiulin

113 A ].iiie ab't 1 foot diameter, 45 Ls. west of the lino on Northerly
side of the mountain.

112 A Spanish Oak ab't 1 foot diameter, on the Northerly side of the

* Swaitw I P 1.

t This refers to the distance from Little Egg Harbor. Ilonce Cochec-
ton.or th'- north station-point, is 30 miles above where the Lawrence
line strikes the Delaware Itlvcr.

Ill In the edge of a pond on the S. side of the mountain.

110 A hickory about 9 In. diameter, 20 l.s. W. of the line. At G7 a large

Spanish Oak marked with a blaze and 3 notches ; supposed to be a

corner tree of a survey made ab't 2 years ago— ab't 3 feet diameter.
109 A hickory about 9 Inches diameter; about 15 Ls. West a heap of

stones at the mile end. At 74><Jtwo Beaeli trees marked in line, the

E. side of a run of water,
ins A White Oak ab't 1 foot diameter. Ground descendsN.W.
107 In a large Pond. (Saturday laid by— very rainy, some snow.)

0cT0BF.lt 23d, 1743.

100 Offset from White Oak saplin in the random lino aforesaid 63.34 to
a Black Oak ab't V/„ foot diameter, 25 lin. Southwardly of (he end,
with a stone at the foot of it. At 63 good land about 8 chs. wide
upon Tockhockanetcouk (Pallliuskill). At 05V£ the brook— two
dogwoods 5 In. diameter, growing from one root marked for side
lines; on the N. side brook crooks.

105 A White Oak about 2 feet diameter, on the hill on S. side of Tock-

hockanetcunk ab't 14 eh. Valley about 4 chains wide. Good land on

a branch. At 40 another valley— tolerable good laud Eastward of

the line.
104 A Spanish Oak ab't 1V£ feet diameter. Ground descends steep

Northerly 75 Ls. S. S, E. of mile end. At 14 ch. a small run of water;

at 50 a red oak marked, on top of the hill in the line. Last half

mile good land.
103 A hickory ab't 8 In. diameter. Ground desends Southerly.
102 A heap of stones on a cluster of rocks on the Westerly side of a hill.

A White Oak ab't 8 In. diameter about 18 Ls. Westerly of the stones.

At 50 a brook about V£cli. wide issuing from Peipiest spring through

the meadow— said spring about 20 ch: W. and said brook about 5 ch.

above the meeting of another brook near as big— very difficult to

get over.

101 A White Oak ab't 12 In. diameter on the edge of a hill of limestone.
100 A White Oak ab't 1 toot diameter, 6 feet S. S. W. of a heap of stones

at the mile end. At 68 1'equest, 50 Ls. wide. N. B — the last half

run through Robert Chapman's land.
99 A hickory ab't 10 In. diameter on the S. by E. side of a large rock

2 ch. Westward of the mile end.
98. A hickory ab't 16 In. diameter, 2 ch. Northerly of a heap of stones.

At 20 ch. tho brook Alamuche.

It will not be necessary to follow these field-notes
further, as nothing of greater interest than the mile-
marks occur in the remaining few miles of the line
through Sussex County. The surveyor records the
fact that " every mile the true line inclines towards
the random line GO^V links." The line-trees in the
random line were marked with three notches on two
sides. The side-trees were marked with one blaze
looking towards the lines. The mile-trees were
marked respectively with the number of each mile
and with three notches on four sides. The course of
the line is 9° 45' west, according to the magnetic


The effect of the establishment of the partition-line
between the eastern and western divisions of New
Jersey was to unsettle many titles to lands which had
previously been given by the respective proprietors.
Many grants made by the West Jersey proprietors
were found to be in East Jersey, and viae versa. It
was, however, mutually agreed that in such instances
equivalents should be given to the owners out of
any of the unsurveyed lands on the other side of the
partition-line, and this began to be carried into
effect soon after the Lawrence line was surveyed.
The minutes of the proceedings of the proprietors



abound with Instances of such transfers, a few exam-
ples of which we give from the Weal Jt rsej records,
relating chiefly to Sussex < !ounty :

" Fl BRUARl 17, 17-1'..

u Whereas, information was given to this board by John Beading,

deputy snrveyor, thai two surveys formerly made byhlm, tl no for

Samuel Novlll, of 1700 acres ; tho other foi Joseph Sacket,o1
happen i" rail "ii the East Bide ol the line rnn by John Lawreucs for the
division-line "f this province; therefore orovt - leave i < relo ute the like
quantity ol land la - thor place ul the said Western division.

" Granted accordingly.* 1

"Ai oi bt8, 17-10.

■'Information being given to this board by John Reading, Esq., thai
the line run by John Lawrence cuts off a tract of land formerly sur-
veyed i" Tl as Lambert, deceased, from the Western division; for

whli b reason the devisees crave leave t.» relocate In some othi
Mi' ml i division the quantity of acru« In liou there if.

" Leave granted accordingly."

"Arousi 7, 1762.

"Thomus Wetherlll applied i" thla board for a warrant to tak< up26

acres ol land, in Ilea of 26 acres, being tl i-fourth of 100 acres sur-

rayed to Thomas Wotherlll, tsaac De Cow, John Lyon, and Gi i tli nn
Mott, wbl ii by Hi'- running of the line between East ami West Jersey
by John Lawrenco, lies on the Ensl Bide. John Reading, v- \ , assured

thin l Hllin | Hiat lb- ah.. v.. J', anv* >1i.I fall tu the t.'.-t >bk ..!

therefore a warrant was ordorod, which wtw granted accordingly."

" Ft BRUAhY. I, 1757.
"Joshua Opdlke laid before this board one survey of 1 10 ai i

by San I Green for said Joshua Opdlke, situate in the County of Sussex,

and Is recorded In B. B. 212, 213, which appears on the Baal side ol the

tin.' i ,n i inti partite line run by John I.awriMn i- ; 7:1 ii'T.'H of which be baa

mil b purchased an East Jersey propi letary right [to] and laid; therefore

warrant to locate the same L40 acres elsewhere; and a
was granted accordingly."

" February 4, 1702.
M The agent ol the London tympany, by John Beaumont, applied to
tbl boar) I Di i wurmnt to rdiii-iitt' tlm inmiithy nf l.'.iiucn hi part of
168 acres thai were formerly surveyed to the said Company In the Coun-
ties "t" Sussex a in I Morris; which said land was laid oul to said Company

so lime In tho yoai one thousand ieven hundred and forty, and re-

■ orded In the Survoyor»genoral's office, In Mb. Ua. fol. 234, and upon the
report of John Bo- khlll, deputy-surveyor, it appears thai 169 acres, pari

thereof lletb to tho Eastward ol the Qu hi 1 1 partite I ; then I

ordoredthal a warrant Issue from this Ixiard to the said Company, by the
dlrei Huns of their agonta, for lo relocate the said quantity of 150
A warrant was ordered, which wan gran to* I accordingly."

We also take the following extracts from the war-
rants and surveys of the Weal Jewej proprietors :

i tract fl -.I ioi i surveyed for John Hnckett, the return where-
of h dated Ifltli ol March, 1769, beginning al a stone corner, 11 bolng the
Bouth Basl Corner ol a tract of land containing 400

the said John Hackotl and sfainds neai oi In the tll<
i.i ir tu M by John Law rence from thence, tc. Witness nay hand the I2tb
day ol September, n&T ^ff

"Dan[ki. Smith, Jus.. BurvfyofQ
14 May the 9.11,1760, Inspected and approved bj tin Coun II, Ac,


"Extract from Joshua Opdyku'i 63 acres and one-tenth, being at a

heap of stones In the dlvUloii-llue between 1 i y; being

■ il land rormorlj wrvi ye I to Kl< hard i ins, Ac , lo

l heap of il - In the ul division-line, tin i ime South

10 degrees But 12 oh. Witness my hand tho 7th

" DANII i Smiih, .Ii v. -

'■ Fob. the 7th, 1700, luspw ted and approved b> the Council.

" Will I VM II i i i IHQ

•• Extract from 167 acres and slxty-two-hundredths, snrveyod for John

Bprntt, lying upon the East ildeol Delaware river, beglntiliig whore a

I m land ends upon the river, and where the upland i times t.. the

river; beln ab ul ■ ii Indus ou a straight lino from the North partition

of New Jersey, and I thence, Ac Wltui i my hand the ■

AugUBt, 1717.

" JAMBS AirxvM.tr. Sui

11 February tho otb, 1747. Inspected and approved of, and
be ret orded.

"Joai pn i i ■

•• ii . ii Jgrwtfft «.

To the mrveyor-general ••( lands for Uie divisions aforesaid,
or hi* lawful deputy, greeting : Sou, or eltlier ol you, are required t.< -m-
vey !■■ aud for John Jobs the quantity of 31 '• acres "f land, auy where in
the Western few J r,bolng'lawfully purchased of the In-

dians, and doI befl rel red; which i- In lien "fa former sur-

vey made and recorded, and now appears i" be In the I
Dated the 0th of February, 1747.

"Surveyed to John Spratt . nty -hundredths, beginning

at the upper end of a piece of low bind upon the river Delaware when a

high bill '..in. - to the river, at alawl 440 chains dlstanc i »• straight

lui. frnm the North partition point of Now Jorsej ; and from ■■■ ■

Kin n ink- the river bears upwards upon a North course for 30 chains, with

high cliffs on the West side of the river, and from tl

gtnulng running &c.; M tare those which the Mng-

tupsj pointed In the year 1710, Ihe variation bring then oleervrd
at the North poi tltlon point to be eight degrees Westerly, w Ituess ui)
hand tho 'M day of August, 1747.

"James Alexander, flHrwyor-<?<

"Inspected and approved uf, and urdurol to

".Insult l)t: Cow, Clerk.
I ""J, *••

■ Seal To the surveyor-general of lands for the proprietors of tlie di-
vision at" : ron, or either of yon, are
hereVj required to survey for William Coxe 1100 acres of land In any
part of the Wi stern division <•! New Jersey, where lawfully purchased of
the Indians and not before legally surveyed, it being in lieu and Instead
id which he claims In virtue of the will of hi- father,
Col. Daniel Coxe, and his brotlier John I oxe; the said 1100 acres Mug
part of 1000 acres formerly surveyed t - tin* said Oul. Daniel Coxe, and
which I i i '-t .I.TM-y, within a former survey called the
Pepacl Dated the 17th of August, 1754.

" A wiirraul to John Scott, aud his wife 8 urafa who was legatee of John
Dudd) the -inatiiity of 860 acres, In lion of the like quantity laid out for
John Slmpklns In Ave surveys to the Eastward of the dlrUIon-Hue.
Dated the 6th day "f August, 1766.

"A warrant to John Opdyke, the quantity of 140 acres of land, any-
where In West Jersey, In Hen of the like quantity sorveyod In I
aoy. Dated the :i«l day of February, 1747.

" ti v-/ ./.

i indafoi the division of! n

his lawful deputy, greeting: Sou, or either of you, are horebj
to lay i .itb and survej ' ■ and fur William Coxe, Daniel Coxe, Bebecca
Coxe, aud Grace Obxe the quantity of 670 acres .-r land,anywhere In the
Weeteni division aforesaid, in Hen "i" so much cut "tl by tl"- Bast and

I line on a in. i i.. i mei ly iuj vt yed to Col. O
on tho Paulina KUI, In Bussex County. Doted tlieStli ol November, 1762.

"Extracl ui i pj ed for John Em al b black

oak itandlng bv Delaware river; beln I band f«r-

tnorly surveyed to Joseph KIrkbrlde, thence down tb
band tills 20th day of April, 1731.

U JAMFI A I I \ \Mn U. S'l'i . j, ' " i.'riiCil.

" Dnrllugton May 6th, 1731. luspected and approved the ah
by the Uonu< il of proprietors, an l ordered to bo entered ou rec »rd.

J. -its Hi Kit, OUrk,
" Extracted from tho record In Lib. U, foil i 107,

" WrUJtn

- i i ithoMurvoyoi ^uoral of lands for the dlvb.b)n afurosald,
orhki in wiui deputy, greeting : Tun, or either of you, are herebj requlre>l
to lay forth and ran ay Ibr John Bmans 864 acres any where unappropri-
ated in sold province, In Hen of the like quantity surrayod t
Emans,nnd rocoi I Bast Jenny; wherein

yon ai" toobsoi - and orders preacrlbed bj tb.- Cuum II of pru-

dI lands, and make return for sni b parts
thereof, thai shall be surveyed t.- Ihe noxl Obuui il after tho survny of the
same; and t.-r yuu,oi eithei this shall be your mflb lent

in tostlni iuy win ■! "i the Cbundl

..f propriel lohn La>ld, \'.- |„prveldebl

i it . U, ibli Sd daj
the Ouuucll.

"William Bewuxq, -

it t.. Q ■ of Ool Coxe, 11

i in .ii\ hdon *■( i* dd, lu li«''i

-■f tho lik" quantity thai hi I'.aedtbw

26th .'t



"The foregoing are true Copies and extracts from the warrants ami
books lodge at Burlington, in the surveyor-general's office for West Jer-

"RoBF.ltT Smith, Surveyor-General for West Jersey."


Up to the time of the settlement of the boundary-
line between New Jersey and New York, in 1772,
the quintipartite division of New Jersey was ac-
cepted and acquiesced in by the proprietors of both
the eastern and the western sections. In a petition
presented to Governor Burnet, in August, 1725, the
proprietors of West Jersey say, "That it is only by
force of this agreement and partition, executed as
aforesaid, that the proprietors of the Western division
are limited to the Western part of the said province,
on the side of the Delaware; and that the proprietors
of the Eastern division are limited to the eastern part
of the said province towards Hudson's river and the
sea; for had no such division been agreed on, as is
recited in all the respective deeds of conveyance to
the proprietors, those of the Western division might
with an equal right have claimed the lands towards
Amboy, etc., and those of the Eastern might have
claimed the lands towards Burlington. But the said
Quintipartite indenture being executed as aforesaid,
before the sales to the proprietors were made and re-
cited in all the deeds of conveyance, became an abso-
lute limitation, so that neither on the one part nor the
other any purchaser could claim otherwise than ac-
cording to that limitation, by which their lands were
actually conveyed.

" That notwithstanding this legal, clear, and abso-
lute partition, which is binding on every proprietor of
the Eastern division, and at least on all the nine-
tenth parts of the Western division, sold by Edward
Byllynge, or his trustees, and from which those who
are skilled in law well know it is impossible legally to
recede without the joint concurrence of every individ-
ual interested in the purchases made under Edward
Byllynge and trustees, and under Sir George Carteret ;
for it is well known that no majority without the whole
will in those cases determine the point ; yet there
have been some persons found from time to time who,
on partial views to themselves, have labored to intro-
duce some other sort of division, and considerable
numbers have been so far unhappily imposed upon as
to imagine a change thereof might be practicable;
from which unfortunate deception attempts have been
made to alter it, and some lines for that purpose have
been run and settlements thereupon made without
due regard to the bounds of the respective divisions,
which introduced such confusion that the value of
lands near the boundaries have been much lessened
and the people discouraged from making improve-
ments, where the right to the soil itself was liable to
be questioned as not lying within the division under
which it was purchased."

The petition from which the above extracts are
taken is signed by "John Ladd, for himself and Col.

John Allford; John Budd, for himself and Boulton ;
John Kay, William Cooper, Francis Rawle, Jr., Charles
Brogden, Samuel Lippincott, John Snowden, Jr., Isaac
De Cow, for himself and Samuel Barker; Matthew
Gardiner, Isaac Pearson, William Pancoast, William
Biles, Isaac Watson, William Rawle, Thomas Sharp,
for himself and John Dennis; John Estaugh, for the
London Company; John and William Dimsdale,
Peter Rich, Benjamin Hopkins andself ; William Bid-
die, Hugh Sharp, Henry Hodge,_Robert Rawle, George
Budd ; James Logan, for proprietors, — William Penn's
family, 12; John Bellers, 1 ; Amos Stuttle, 1 ; myself,
one-third; Richard, for Nath. Stanbury ; Mary Will-

No formidable effort was made to change the Law-
rence line for fifty years, or until after the boundary-
line between New Jersey and New York had been
settled. This line, as will appear in another chapter,*
was established, not at the north station-point, as as-
certained and denned in the tripartite indenture
agreed upon by the commissioners both of New York
and New Jersey, and in accordance with the express
stipulation of the original grant of the Duke of York,
but was brought down to the present termination of
the State line on the Delaware at Carpenter's Point,
taking off from New Jersey over two hundred thousand
acres of land. When this line became fixed, the pro-
prietors of the western division of New Jersey began
to agitate the question of changing the quintipartite
or partition-line to correspond therewith, alleging
that, at whatever point the boundary-line terminated
on the Delaware, the partition-line should terminate
there also. Hence originated the proposed line of
1775. In January of that year the proprietors of
AVest Jersey presented a petition to His Excellency
Governor Franklin and to the council and Assembly
of New Jersey, praying that the partition-line so long
established between the respective sections of the
province might be changed. The petition set forth, —

"That in and by a certain deed of indenture Quintipartite, made the
first day of July, Aimo Dom. 1070, between Sir George Carteret, of the
first part; William Penn, Esq., of the seennd part; Gawen Lawrie, of the
third part; Nicholas Lucas, of the fourth part; and Edward Byllynge,
of the fifth part, then sole owners and proprietors of the whole province
of Now Jersey ; they the said Sir George Carteret, William Ponn, Gawen
Lawrie, Nicholas Lucas, and Edward Byllynge did agroe to make a par-
tition between them of the said province.

" That in pursuance of the said agreement, an actual partition of the
said Province was made between the said proprietors, and mutually re-
leased to each other, viz. : One share or portion thereof to Sir Georgo
Carteret, calloil East Now Jersey ; and the other part thereof to the said
William Penn, Gawen Lawrie, Nicholas Lucas, and Edward Byllynge,
called West New Jeisoy ; the line which said partition was by the said
proprietors, parties to the said indenture Quintipartite, mutually under-
stood, intended, agreed upon and fixed, to he a straight, line, to run from
the most Northerly point or boundary of the province of New Jersey, on
the Northernmost branch of the river Delaware, unto the most Southerly
point of the East side of a certain inlet, harbor, or bay, on the sea coast
of the province of Now Jersey, commouly called and known by the name
of Little Egg Harbour."

After reciting briefly the history we have gone over
in a former part of this chapter, the petitioners say, —

* Chapter XVII., on the "Boundary-Lino Centre


"That > r petitioners being the presont owners and pro]

the B iM Weslei n division - I" New Jersey, under the aforesaid Byllynge
and trustees; having long anxiously watted for an evenl whereby the

t point of partition between the -~-» ■ - 1 divisions mlghl be permanently

ii\.-.l and determl I, and which by the said lasl on

Armed l.v his Majesty and Council, la now happily established, have fre-
quently and presslngiy made overtures and proposals to the pi

of the Eaatern division to have the wild Qnlntlpnrtlte l.i xactly and

truly run . . . Your petltl ii - iberel ire . 'I" earnestly entroul the

klml Interposition of r 1 1 .- logialature of thin pi mil t.> their

wisdom i" frame and pass such h law for the Onal settlemeul i
lino. . . ."

This, mi account of the Revolutionary war, was
laid over, and was never acted upon by the Legisla-
ture. A petition of similar import and intent was
presented to the Legislature in October, 1782, signed
ii\ Joseph Reed, for the Weal Jersey Society and him-
selfj Jonathan D. Sergeant, Clemen! Biddle, Daniel
Ellis, and Ebenezer Cowell, "a committee specially
appointed to this service by the Western proprietors."
The proprietors of East Jersey sent in a counter-me-
morial in June, 1783, setting forth the history of the
Quintipartite Agreement and defending it as a final
settlement of the partition-line in the words follow-

"That Charles the Second, aa King of England, was entitled to the
■■"in m of North America, Ironi 1 1 1.- north lniiin.lv of twenty-live de-
grees to sixty-seven and a half degrees, hy vlrti i the Brsl discovery

hikI sutaequenl possession thereof bj subjects of the Crown of England,

authorized; which right then was and always since hat I

nuiversallj in. I is the foundation of every title lu laud

within 11. i. State

"Tlmt Charles the S I, beln ctitl

■'" «. Dake "i" Ifork, all that true', of country which now comprehends

the States ..f New lurk and New Jersey.

"Tlmt the r fork, being ■ Iced, did on the 24th of Juno,

Mm. by propi i deed and acu In lav ..... and convey to John

Lord Berkley and Sir George Carteret, their heirs and assign

pari ol the said tract, lying and being to the Westward ol Ne« Ifork

island, and bounded "ii the Must by the main sea and Uudson*a river, on

the South l.v ti cean, on UieVr'esI by Delaware bay and iiv.-r. ami

extending ' Northward aa far aa the Sorthormost braucfa >>i the said bay
or river of Delaware, which is In n degreea and 10 minutes of latitude;

andfromthe In a straight lineto Hudson's river.lu II degrees of

latitude,' which sai.l tracl was afterwards known by t ii ■ ■ nam
i Sesarea, .-r N.-u Jersey.

"Tl.at Lord Berkley being so seized of an nndlvidod molty.or half
. f, <li. I .... the Isih "f March, 1073, convoy Ihi
John Fotiwlok in i.-.-. in trust for Edward Byllange; and thai Uie said

John F.-n Mi.k.. hi the iOtli of Mar. b,lG74,dl I dlroc-

nid lu conjunction with the said Edward Byllange, convej the
snkl undivided muity, or half pari of Now Jersey, unto William Peun,
i iwrle, and Nicholas Lucas, in trust liu Hi" ~ i i . I Edward Byl-
lynge, excepting and reserving a tenth part ol the said nndlvlded molty
I., the said John Fenwi k, bl thai the Mild John

Peuwlck .li.l convey the aforesaid tenth pari ofsnid undivided midiy unto
John Bldrldgeand Edmund Warner, who afterwardi

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 11 of 190)