James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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I ri Orge Mel lune owned and lived upon it.

Reference to the place upon which the widow of
Stephen Hart now live- recalls the story that not far
from the year 1 "SO a man, hy name 1 lepue, lived there
and carried on a grist-mill that occupied the very spot
upon which the Stephen Hart bouse -lands. On the
same farm, and but a few steps removed from Mrs.
Hart's residence, may yet he seen, in a state of ex-
cellent preservation, the house in which Depue lived, —
now the home of Stephen foster. Mrs. Hart'- mo-
ther, — Mr-. Edward Lanning,— who died in Freling-
huysen township in L864, aged ninety-five, used to

tell how, when she was married, in 178ii, she went to
theDepuehott.se to have her weddiicr-drc-s cut. It
would seem from this that the house must he nearly,
if not quite, one hundred years old.

There wen at an early 'lay on the PeqUest, in the

Hart neighborhood, two or re families named Hib-

ler, of Holland or I o-rman de-cent, who arc supposed

to have come hither from South Jersey and purchased

a large tract of land. Among these llihler- wa- Cor-
nelius, who in his boyhood moved with his father to
the Pequest, in Green. When Cornelius grew to

man's estate and married he bought and settled upon
the farm now owned 1>\ hi- grandson, M.S. llihler.
Che tatter's father, Adam, was horn on that farm in

i sol, and died on it in l si. i. h would appear, there-
fore, that the father of Cornelius llihler must have
come to the Pequesl some time during the Revolution.

Besides Adam llihler, Cornelius had three sons named

Samuel, John, and Philip, of whom the former Bot-
tled in I iron and the latter tw i In Michigan, where
they died.

• The imilwWlity In tlmt Uio soldier* here rofomd to wore nnc of
Moifnu>'« Riflemen, who iron s*-r» t through to nld Qon. Qmn - it Snrntogn,
Mr. John II n n 1 1 1 ml u distinct recollect Inn mi tii rM- troopi During tlmiu^li.



Over near the Andover line, towards Newton, lived,
in 1798, a Quaker known as Mahlon Wilson ; he had
in that year removed from the Quaker settlement
near Johnsonsburg to Green and located close to
the big spring, upon land formerly owned by the
Savercools. Mahlon Wilson's children were Obed,
Elizabeth, Deborah, Mary, Mahlon, Jr.. Margaret,
Rachel, Jane, Samuel, Catherine, and Euphemia.
Samuel moved to Ohio in 1S36. Obed, who was ten
years old when he came with his father to Green
township, in 1798, married one of the daughters of
Abram Kirkhuff, whose farm adjoined that of Mahlon
Wilson. After his marriage he took charge of his
father's farm and lived on it until his death, in 1852,
in which year also his father died, at the age of eighty-
four. Obed's children numbered seven, and were
named Lewis, Ann Maria, Jane, Obed 0., Abram H.,
Margaret, and John. All but Jane are living. Those
in Green towuship are Obed O., John, and Lewis.
Abram lives in Andover, Ann (Mrs. Roy) in Still-
water, and Margaret in Iowa.

An old deed now in the possession of Isaac Snook,
of Green (whose grandfather, Casper Snook, was one
of the early settlers in Lafayette), bears date Aug. 23,
1798, and sets forth that by its provisions Andrew
Linn and George Armstrong, of Sussex County, trans-
ferred to Jacob Cummings (grandfather of Isaac
Snook), for the sum of £350, the farm now owned by
Isaac Snook, the original tract being, however, some-
what less in extent than Mr. Snook's farm, which
now includes 190 acres, the addition to the first pur-
chase having been made by William C. Snook, father
of Isaac Snook. It is supposed that either Linn or
Armstrong* occupied the place previous to the sale to
Cummings, to whom they must have leased it in 1794,
for it is known that Cummings was living on it as
soon as that, and, as has been recorded, he did not
buy it until four years later. In 1794, William C.
Snook, son of Caspar Snook, of Lafayette, took ser-
vice with Jacob Cummings as a farm-hand, and in a
short time married one of Cummings' daughters.
William C. Snook eventually came into possession of
the property by heirship, and, in 1840, Isaac Snook,
now the owner, bought it. Linn was probably the
person who made the first improvement upon the
Snook farm, although it is by no means certain.
George Armstrong was son to Nathan Armstrong,
who lived west of Snook's. Caspar Snook, of Lafay-
ette, brought up Joshua, and John Hardin was
brought up by Struble, of whom the former married
Susan, sister to William C. Snook. Among Jacob
Cummings' neighbors in 1794 were Abraham Kirkhuff,
on the P. R. Hardin farm, where John Roy had lived
at an earlier date, Ralph Hunt, Samuel Dildinc,
Mahlon Wilson, and Andrew Hull.

Sept. 16, 1756, Joshua Opdyke, of Hunterdon
County, bought of Richard Green 320 acres of land,

ml Armstrongs owned property adjoining (


now the farm owned by Samuel H. Hunt, grandson
of Samuel Hill, one of Joshua Opdyke's descendants.
May 1, 1772, Joshua Opdyke executed a deed, in
which, for the consideration of $1 and "in testimony
of the love and affection he bore his daughter
Elizabeth,"! he transferred 160 acres of the property
to Samuel Hill, husband to Elizabeth aforesaid.
Samuel Hill and his wife had been living on the
farm for some years previous to the execution of the
deed. The 100-mile tree was marked by Lawrence,
the surveyor, as standing on that farm, which Law-
rence in his notes says was occupied at the time of the
survey by "one Mr. Green."

About 1800, Joseph Drake became a settler in
Green, near Hunt's Mills. His son, G. B. Drake,
lives now in Green. His only other living child is
Mrs. William Young, of Canada.

North of Hunt's Mills, on the farm now occupied
by George Roe, lived Samuel Dildine, whose brother
Abram was a shoemaker at Greensville during the
Revolution, under Ephraim Green.

Jacob Dunn, one of Green's old settlers, fought in
the war of 1812.

Another early resident was Lum Foster, who was a
hand at Zophar Hull's grist-mill. Foster was also
famous in a small way as a singing-master, and made
a good many journeys in response to demands for his
services as a teacher of the youthful but ambitious
warblers of that period.

In this township, about half a mile from the Dark
Moon Tavern, is an old burying-ground. The public
road passes through it. Here once stood (in this
burying-ground, from which the original forest-trees
had not been removed, and surrounded by woods on
all sides) a log meeting-house belonging to the Hard-
wick Presbyterian Church. They built a new church
in what was then known as Shaw's Lane. This church
has been since known as the Yellow Frame church,
and the northeast corner of it is a corner of Sussex
and Warren Counties, in the division of 1824.

Near the Dark Moon burying-ground stood many
years ago a wayside inn known as the " Dark Moon
Tavern." It was a double log house, and was close to
the line between Green and Frelinghuysen townships.
There was a sign-post in front of the inn, upon which
there was a swinging sign bearing the painted represen-
tation of a dark moon. Nobody seems now to know or
to have heard why the term " dark moon" was applied
to burying-ground and tavern, or which first gained
the name. Some people think that the designation
was suggested by the fact that at the locality occupied
by cemetery and tavern the highway passes through a
rocky defile that casts dark shadows and makes the

t On like terms lio devised to Thomas Allen and Sarah, his daughter,
wife of Thomas Allen, 100 acres of land. On Allen's share the 100-mile
tree in the Lawrence lino stood, and was cut down by Thomas Allen,
because ho feared it might affect hie titlo to part of his farm. The
Allen farm is now owned by Joseph Hill, grandson of Samuel Hill.
Creen lived on this land ut tho time of the Lawrence survey.



place more or less gloomy all the time. Be that as it
may, the Dark Moon Tavern was a famous place for
deviltry, and tradition vaguely asserts thai more than
one 'lark deed was committed within in sombre
shadows. As a matter of record, a man by name
Corwin was murdered there years ago, and, although
several jm-iijjIo were arrested and tried, tin- real mur-
derer was never found. The last landlord of the Dark
Moon was one lirown. The last vestige of the tavern
building was etfaeed Ion": -i nee, and hut few now living
can tell the exact location of the old inn.


The township of (inen was erected by act pas-ed
Dec. 29, 1824. The act provided

"That all thnt part of the townships <>f Hardwlck and Independence

lying northeasterly of the II fdivlsJ id between theconntli

an'l Warren, and loeladed within the following boundaries. — that is to
lay, beginning in the middle ol the alas onnoteong Creek where tho line
run by John Lawrence called Bssi and W< il Jersey line cross* •

unnlng op the said Line thwesterly h> a point in said line to

lined as hereinafter itioned; fheuce running south

tniiil it intersect* tho line <>f dlrhdon betweeo the counties of Sussex
and Warren aforesaid at a iw.int to beascertalned In like man nor; thence
down the mid dlrislon line southeasterly to the Musconnetcung Creek j
thencoupti lea thereof to the place of beginning,

—be, and the same is hereby, erected Into a new township to bo called
the township of Green."

The name was best,, wed in honor of Ephraim
lir.Tii, one of the earliest settlers in the township,
the founder of the village of Greensville, a man of

large business enterprise for his time, and a most ex-
emplary and much respected citizen.

The tirst town-meeting was held at the house of
Amos shiner, in the village of Greensville, on Mon-
day, April 11, 1825. The officials chosen on that

Occasion are named as follows: Moderator. Elijah
Everett; Town Clerk, Isaac Shiner, .Tr. ; Judge of
Election, Amos Shiner; Assessor, Jonathan Hill;
Collector, Frederick Buchner; Freeholders, William
Green, Elijah Everett; Committee of Five, Thomas
Egbert, Thomas P. Hunt. William llreen, John Og-

il.ti. Samuel Mill; Overseers of the P :, James

Jr., William Hart; Constable, Alexander
Boyles; Committee of Appeal. John Drake, Samuel
Hill; Surveyors of Highways, William Coats, John

Ogden; Overseers of Highways, Nathan Armstrong,

William Coats, John Drake, Khem-zer Drake. Reso-
lutions were passed at the meeting as follows;

iced, Tli.it there be MOO railed for tl «•■ ..f the highway.

•■ _ /: i ralaed for the aupport of the poor.

'...(. Thut the roads be worked by tax J that SUSO be paid for
learn on the roads por day, 60 cants f"r a hand per day, ox-team and
be equal.
•■ i //. ■../,../, Thai there be Sl<"» raised for debts agmlnsl the tou oahlp.

" .">. JSssoIssd, That alecUon t" oon oca el kmot Shiner's, and tennl-

; lljah Everett's

lwd,That the next town-meeting be held tl I

Appended herewith will be found the names of

persons serving annually from 1826 to lsso : ,. judges
of election, town clerks, assessors, collectors, and

Ch08en freeholders ;

Sharp; 1-j- W, Samuel 0111; 18*71, A. II. Kenn.-dy;
1846 I-. .1. Slater; 18)0-54, 'I . I , J. Slater; 1857,

1 Mill; 1858-59, George Gl
William Hunt; 1805-67. George B. T>r.il .-Greer;

1 -To, Willi.,.,. 11,11; 1877-78, & H. Hunt; k; 1880,

J. II. Ayrca.

1820-53,1. Shiner, Jr.; 1654-58, I.. WUiaon; 1- : S8, 0. C. Cook; 1859-
I I, D I.. Hunt; 1861-62, Samuel Jones; 181 MM, G. 0. Cook ; 1867-
76,8 '■ B. M. Hardin; 1877, George W.Wnllguss;

1878, Samncl II. Will-,,,

•_■ 17, v. Armstrong; 1838-40, N. Drake; 1841, J. It. VIM ; 1842-50,
X. 1 rake; 1851-53, S. II. Hum

Shiner; 1861-62, T. F. Hunt ; 1863-66, Samuel Hill; 1861
Ayere; 1870-78, 8. Lawrence; 1876, J. H. Ayers; 187 •
1878-70, Samuel II. II; 1880, I I -


1-J,: -T.I Bud ; 1-:- .' e B. Prlmt -; 18:10-33, 0. Wilson; 1834,

I II. f! 10k: I- 1 i, 1 B * Del If : 1845-48, A. K.

;-; 1, fl - p, ,,,,..,, |. ., ... _. |:
Job Dei ker; It .7, G, nc B. D
K.Stinsou: 1803-66, J. J. Decker; 1866-67, 1

II. Hunt; Is?; - It. Van

10,0. 0. Will. ,,,.

1 i;i rii.ii.HKHs.

Elijah Bveritt, M.D.; 1828, William Green,
mas P. Hunt; 1829-30, William Qreon, Frederick Buchner;
1831, Andrew Shiner, Frederick Buchner; 1632, Thomas Egliert,
Elijah Kv.ritt, M.n. ■ 183 .. 1 1, ,,,,..- Egbert, John Brake ;
nel Hill, John Drake; 1835-39, Samuel Hill, William Sharp; 1840,
Amos H. Kennedy, Joseph Slater; 1841, Aaron N. Decker, Lewis

Freeman ; 1842, Isaac Shiner, Lew-is Freeman ; 1S43-I4, Isa.i

Slater; 1846-47, Isaac Shiner. John Hardin; 1848, Joseph
Blatsr, Freeman 0. fjlawson; 1848 63, Isaac Shiner, John Hardin;
1864, Isaac Shiner, James B. Tit,,,- i iwls Wilson, James

II. Titinan; 1867-68, John Kelsey, Isaac 0. Snook ; 1859-80, Goorge
B. Drake, Isaac 0, Sn Ok: 1861, John Keleey, Ilezekiali Drake;
1862, John Kelsey, Darid I.. Hunt: 1863, George Greer, Dnrld L.
Hunt; 1864-85, George Greer, William CI 1, Darid

Emmons, William Chandler; 1868, Job J. Decker, Darid Kmmons;
1869-70, Job J. Docker, George It. Drake; 1st I, Theodore Lougcor,
George B. Drake ; 1872 -T wF. Vaas; 1874,

Johu Wolf, . Andre* F. Vass; 1876, John Wolfe, George B
1876, Isaac C. Snook, Hesekiah Drake; 1877, Sylreeter J. Hardin,
Balpb DUdlne; 1878, Sylvester J. Hardin, Philip It. Hardin .
Samuel II. Hunt, Theodora F. Youngs.

Henry Hart, living now in Andover. recollects at-
tending school in Tranquillity District in 181"), in a
log School-hOUSe, which was then an antiquated

affair. The teacher iii 1815 was Archibald Warden,

who had been there some year-. Jn ls.lti a framed

school-house was built, and in 1878 the present house

replaced it. The trustees for 1880 were Marshal

Banghart, A. 1'.. Runyon, and Bezekiah Drake. The

total amount provided annually for the support of
the school is sc'.oo. The value of the school property
is $750. The enrollment of school children in the
district is ol, and the average attendance thereof
about 26.

In 1820 school was taught at Greensville, in a por-
tion of William Green's -tore, by a young man

named Atkinson. In ISlM there was a log School-
house, in which the teacher that year »;i- Alexander
Boyles, afterward- sheriff and State senator of Sus-



sex County. The third school-house was a stone
structure that stood just beyond the village. It was
built in 1832, and is still there, although in disuse.
In 1866 the district joined the Methodists and Pres-
byterians in the erection of the Greensville Union
Chapel, and in that building school has been held
since that date.

School was kept in 1813 in a log cabin about half a
mile south of Greenville by Betty Willson, a Quaker-
ess. She taught there a couple of years, and achieved
a reputation not only for learning, but for the excel-
lent management of her pupils. Andrew Shiner, now
living in Newton, says he was one of Betty Willson's
scholars in 1813, and well remembers how Betty used
to make the scholars piece bedquilts and busy them-
selves with kindred industries during odd hours sim-
ply to keep them out of mischief. Mr. Shiner recalls
the fact that he used to do a good deal of bedquilt
piecing under Betty's eagle-eyed instruction.

The total amount received from all sources during
1879 for the support of the Greenville district school
was $300. The value of the school property is $700.
In the district 45 school children are enrolled, and
of these the average attendance is 25. The trus-
tees for 1880 were William H. Labarre, Charles
Stackhouse, and Anthony Longcor.

The first school held in the township was doubtless
taught at or near Huntsville, for there the town re-
ceived its first settlers. Nothing definite can be
gleaned, however, touching early school history in
this locality. The stone school-house standing near
Theodore Young's residence was built about 1835,
but was abandoned in 1865, when the present fine
brick house was erected. In that house the first
teacher was Annie Willson. The district trustees for
1880 were Theodore, F. Young, I. A. Straley, and
James Hardin. The enrollment is 50, and the aver-
age attendance 30. The school property is valued at

Touching the Huntsville District, it is said that in
1790 a log school-house stood in the forks of the road
just northwest from Huntsville. Samuel H. Hunt
says he has heard his mother relate that she went to
school there in 1790 to a teacher by the name of
Burton, and that among the school children were
those of the Harts, McGowns, Buchners, Youngs,
and Reeds. Anent the reminiscences of that school,
Mr. Hunt remembers that his mother told him of one
of the boys who was nicknamed "the blackbird"
because of his most extraordinary passion for sing-
ing, in and out of season, and during every moment
he could spare from sleeping and eating.

In the Washington District there was an old log
school-house in 1820, on the Isaac Hull farm, where
James Warbasse now lives. South of that there was
at that time an old abandoned school-house which
had evidently stood there a good many years. The
trustees of Washington District for 1880 were William
C. Gray, M. T. Hibler, and D. R. Warbasse. The

brick school-house now in use was built in 1873, and
is valued at $2000.

North of Washington District, a school was taught
in the Willson neighborhood in 1830 by Richard
Allen, whose temple of learning was a log cabin.
He remained but a short time. Euphemia Hank-
inson succeeded him, and during her reign an effort
was made towards the building of a new school-
house. Nathan Armstrong took charge of the sub-
scription-paper, but unhappily lost it. When it was
found the popular desire for a school-house had sub-
sided, and the project came to naught. The people
of that neighborhood are now attached to Fredon
School District, in Stillwater.


Green has never boasted a very extraordinary sup-
ply of churches or church organizations. One edifice
| is all the town now has, and all it has ever had, aside
from the union chapel at Greensville, used conjointly
by the district for a school-house and citizens as a
place of religious worship. Until 1828, indeed, when
the Tranquillity Methodist Episcopal church was
built, there had been no house of worship in Green.
The people living in the southern portion of the town-
ship attended church at the Yellow Frame or the
Friends' meeting-house, just over the line, in Warren
County, while those abiding farther northward found
church-going to Newton a convenient journey. There
was therefore no very strong occasion for church
organization at home.

Before 1828 the Methodists of Southern Green and
near by in Warren County used to assemble for re-
ligious worship at the residence of Mr. Shotwell and
Dunham Rose. By and by the Methodists and Pres-
byterians agreed to build a house of worship in con-
junction, and the result was the erection, in 1828, of
Tranquillity meeting-house,— so called, perhaps, from
the fraternizing of the two denominations. The
Methodists were organized before that date, but the
Presbyterians who worshiped there were members of
the Yellow Frame. In 1866 they transferred their
place of worship to the Greensville union chapel.

Joseph Ayers, now the oldest member of the
Methodist Episcopal Church at Tranquillity, joined
the class in 1837, and remembers that the leading
adherents of the organization then were Mrs. William
B. Snyder, Mrs. A. B. Snyder, Dunham Rose, John
B. Van Syckle and wife, John C. Potter and wife,
Robert Steele and wife, Jefferson Kennedy, Sarah
Kennedy, Shafer Kennedy, Mrs. Margaret Redding,
Freeman Clausen, Caroline Armstrong, Ebenezer
Drake and wife, Amos H. Kennedy, Jonathan Shot-
well and wife, Mrs. Till, Adam Dunham and wife,
Pluebe Hibler, William Hibler and wife. The church
edifice was rebuilt in 1868 at a cost of several thou-
sand dollars, and now ranks among the most commo-
dious of similar structures in the county.



preacher in charge.


The union chapel, built in 1866 by the Greensville
School Districl and members of the Methodisl and

Presbyterian denominations, cosl about $3500. The
second story is used ae a district school and the lower

floor for religious 1 1 1 . • • t i 1 1 _l - . lln- pa-tor- of tin- Yellow
Frame and Tranquillity Churches officiating for the
respective denominations. The trustees are Casper
Bhafer, Obed 0. Willson, and William II. Labarre.


The old Dark .Moon burying-ground, now a wil-

There are now four classes, with a total membership veyed in any part of the western part of New Jersey
of about 180. The leaders are Hezekiah Drake, Alex- not yet taken up and surveyed." There seems no
ander B. Runyon, Thompson .Main-, and Joseph reasonable doubt that Woolverton selected the 91
Ayers. The trustees are William II. Han, E. V. acres at and near the site of Hunteville, for in 1758
Kennedy, Phineaa Drake, Jacob Vreeling, James he was licensed to keep tavern, and in 1756 court was
Shotwell, Alexander B. Runyon, Joseph Ayers, and held there, as already observed.

Thomas Longcor. Rev. John 0. Winner is the Thecourtre -ds testify that upon the assembling

of the court at Woolverton's, in February, 1756, the
grand jurors were present, bul "by reason of trouble-
some times with the Indian-" they were not -worn.

In May, 1756, the condition of affairs was similarly

alarming, and for tin- -am.- reason the grand inquest
was passed over.

Woolverton's property ineluded a mill — itc on the

Pequest, and there he erected a log saw-mill and L r ri-t-
mill, as well as a forge, for which latter or.- was ob-
tained at the Andover Mine. Tradition says the forge
was a failure as a business undertaking, and proved
from the outset a losing venture. It was commonly
known as liaugo forge (but why " Bango" no one e:m

derness of brambles, bushes, weeds, and broken head- now say), and in illustration of the | ' fortune that

lies on the road between Johnsonsburg and attended it people thereabouts used to say thai when

the hammer was doing its work it cried continually,
"Come, penny; go, pound." as if to appeal for an

influx of profit thai neverwouldi »e. Aitersatis-

fying himself thoroughly that the forge could not be
made to pay, Woolverton gave it up.

How long Woolverton lived at the place, or what
the locality was called during his time, is a question
that cannot be answered. Before long, however, he
DledJuly I gold the mill properly to Nathaniel 1'cttit, from whom
the hamlet took the name of Pettit's Mills. Pettit
sold the property in 1792 to A. D. Woodruff for the
sum of £5, and from Woodruff in turn it passed to
the possession of Joseph Gaston, who built the pre—
ent grist-mill. At his death the mill property passed
into the hands of his son-in-law, Dr. Elijah Everett,
and Gaston's homestead farm to his other son-in-law,
the Kev. John ISoyd. This farm was about live miles
northwest from the mills, and is owned and occupied

by William C. Rory. Dpon the death of Dr. Everett,
Judge Abram Hunt became tl wner of the mill.

and from that time forward the village was known as
Huntsville, instead of l'ettit's Mills.

Judge Hunt had been keeping a -tore at l'ettit's
Mill- for many year- before that.— perhaps a- early

ns L800; and before thai time, even, tradition says a

Store was kept there, but by whom is not known.

Hunt'- -tore -t 1 upon the Bite of l.ewi- Will-on's

early as 1760, and perhaps before that, but just when ,,,„.,. p,,,,.,. wll1 ,.|, p„,,. r j„ >:l \,\ ,,, contain a portion

( Ireensville, on the line between ( Ireen township and
Warren County, just south of the site of the old Dark
Moon Tavern, from whose designation it probably

took its name. But few of the old-time headstone
inscriptions arc legible. Some of the most aged are
here reproduced as follows :

• Hero llos tho body of Anno Itccdor, the of Bcnjnmin Kocder,

wli.. deputed this til'.- In the 25th yeal of her ago, Juno 25, 1709."

" Mary, dangbter of John and iniio Wright, aged 17 y
U, IT'.'l.

" In I. ,ii li alio died, in dust she lies.
But fuitli foresees tlmt dust shall riso

Wl reran calls, while ho|>e Illumes

And boasts her Joy among the tombs."
"Thomas Allen, dlod JTil. January, 1796, aged 66 yean."

"A nun II , wifeol Ibram Hunt, died Nor. 16, 1796, aged 26 years,

•< months, and 20 daye. Mourn not,dearfrionds,forme. Fnrwhy? My
ran because it Is the "ill of God, So let His will be done." ,

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 110 of 190)