James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 113 of 190)
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man's chief interests. The town is quite famous for
it- dairy products, and daily forwards largely thereof
to New York.

Andover's assessed valuation in 1879 was $533,295,
and tax $3422.42.

[I._MOODY*S a0( K.

About a mile -,,nth of Newton, in Andover, M ly's

Rocl . a low shelving slate-rock cavern on the margin
of the Big Muekshaw Pond, is a historic feature of

the lands, ape, towards which the attention of the

curious is frequently attracted, and where one ma

bountiful crop of inscription- telling how visitors
to the spot feel it incumbent to leave their autographs
as mementoes of their \ isits.

The rock} cavern was during the Revolutionary
war a Tory rendezvous, and of the Tories wl

it as such Lieut. James M ly was the moving spirit

and recognized leadi r. M ly was a terror to the



patriot- of Northern New Jersey, and extended his
predatory excursions even into New York. He was
a hitter foe to American independence and an untir-
ing adherent to the British cause. From
written by Dr. Thomas Dunn English, and entitled,
" Moody of Sussex," two stanzas are here given :

■' Mo idy vra i lynl I G w bo ■ is I ' rath -a the time:

Ho looked "ii sedition as Bin, and he held ell rebellion uk crime,—

it ir they full in their aim ; bo whon traitors rained forces and

Id • was true to the dug of Ills sovereign, tin i loyally struck «l Ms foes.

" \,.t ;i lug .;ii. in In - red fai m-h a ■ ■ h

Was but elated to i 1. at all fire or had window

besafef ihlswrath; not a ther there went to her bed

Hut her pmy, -is, with her child wildly clasped, for delivere

^^ ,..!■.

Nelson Robinson has thus written about Moody's
Rock :



- hwartz.



mi'-' <if the luilner-ms spot.* in New Jersey nrnmnl which hangs

nn Interest, a traditional celebrity, that is destine) t.. .-nim. a- ]..n- a-
principles foi which her patriots of the Revolution valiantly
: ball animate their offspring to noblo and virtuous enl

, . tnny [bund shelter Ibi him-

self and his loyal followers In those days of peril. Hence like a band r
hungry wolves they broke loose from their don in the dead ol night t"
commit theii depredations up m those who rallied around the standard of
Ubortyand bade defiance t>, the wrath of the thfswlld

retreat when danger threatened did the Torj leadi i

- "f thoeo

times nourished them there and kepi them a Ivi going on

anion] tin ft Ion tso

■■ M i\ i- beltoved to have been originally rr,.ni BJugw 1 township,

in the county ■ .! Hunterdon. He was employed by the British to obtain
recruits In ach as were t.o I [I dn. Ha

I 10 I" act a- a spy llp..|i the limv, lueiits ,,f the Whigs, and I"

check and overawe them by a show of opposition In their midst, hy mak-
ing divisions and difficulties c] at band, and tkerebj

attention and assistance a the colonial ai my.

•• Maii\ stories are told of the man and hi* depn

ild winter night he suddenly entered the dwell-

vahial.l, plal

dr. Ogd abmit to indignities, and then, binding him

by nath not t" give warning of the outrage until Moody and his men
could havi ursult, departed, a, couplo of hired bands ly-

nt arm. nn. I the nelghboi the gang.

Qoshen,N.1 ,.m! re

,,r the plunder; bol M ly and hie i tway.

■ m ody wai iften hunted, but novor taken ; and thl

: known all ovei as

atNowton and demanded thojail keys. Although Ihejailei
quontly been heard t., boldly doclare Uial he would nevor sun

cos, he handc i tht
doubtable T.i\ in a twlnklln
thojaller's wife romarkod, 'P
over Iho key- with
lllierty the prlsonora, and tht

441



442



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



three loud cheers and proclaimed a general jail delivery in the i



!Of



Kii



>III.



"There is a story to the effect that Moody was eventually hung at Mor-
ristown as a spy, hut it lacks authenticity. The weight of evidence
points to the conclusion that he passed safely through the war, achieving
au immense amount of useful service on behalf of the British cause, and
that he retired to England upon the cessation of hostilities."*

III.— EARLY SETTLEMENT.
THE ANDOVER IRON-WORKS.

Among the lands in New Jersey acquired in 1714
by William Penn from the Council of Proprietors
was a large tract in what is now Andover township,
including the site of Andover village as well as the
mining district in the vicinity. This tract was soon
afterwards purchased by a company of English iron-
workers hailing from Sussex County in England, of
whom the head was the firm of Allen & Turner, then
located in Philadelphia. They became possessed of
the knowledge that iron could be mined on the land,
and upon completing the purchase began the con-
struction of suitable buildings and apparatus for
smelting and forging.

Just when they commenced at Andover cannot be
said, but, estimating from the fact that Allen & Tur-
ner began to operate a forge at the place now known
as High Bridge, in Hunterdon County, as early as
1725, it is likely that work was inaugurated at Ando-
ver not very long afterwards. There is a rudely in-
scribed date upon the old furnace building at An-
dover village recording that the building stood there
in 1761, but it is by no means certain that that record
was an evidence of the inauguration of affairs there.
It means, doubtless, that the furnace building was
erected in that year ; that another building was used
before that time is altogether likely.

Beyond a question, the iron- workers and iron-miners
brought to the place by Allen & Turner were the ear-
liest white inhabitants in the present township of An-
dover. The mine worked by the company was near
the one now under lease to W. J. Taylor & Co., of
Chester. At what is uow Andover village they built
a furnace, grist-mill, blacksmith-shop, barn, and, be-
sides tenement dwellings, a commodious mansion, in
which dwelt the person charged with superintending
the works. These structures were built substantially
of stone, and are still in excellent condition, all save
the smithy being now in use and liable to endure
many years more. The furnace is a mill, the old mill
is a store, and the mansion — destroyed once by fire
save as to its walls — is still a dwelling-house. At Old
Andover (now Waterloo) the company had a forge and
refinery, where muclrof the pig iron made at Ando-
ver was turned into bars and packed on mules for
transportation to the Delaware.

The iron thus manufactured was shipped chiefly to
England, ana, without interruption, Allen & Turner
carried i i thi business in that fashion until the
ei i nd year of the Revolutionary war. At that time



> See pagers 57-01 of this work for tho most full and authentic history t For the action of tho ( lontinental Congress, as well as of tho Logit
of Moody yet published.— Editor. lature of Now Jersey, in this matter, see pp. 50, 57 of this volume.



the attention of the government was strongly di-
rected to the iron-works at Andover by reason of a
demand for an increased supply of iron and steel for
cannon-balls and fire-arms, it being represented that
the iron made at the Andover works was more suita-
ble than any other to be had for the production of
steel. Allen & Turner were, however, loyalists, and
were by no means inclined to aid the Federal cause
by supplying the means for forging Federal guns. In
the emergency Congress promptly provided for taking-
possession of the property.!

There was, however, some delay in arranging with
Col. Patton to take charge, as witness the following-
letter from the Board of War to the Governor of New-
Jersey :

" War Omen, May 25, 177s.
"The Board, not having thought proper to agree with Col. Patton for
the carrying of the Andover Iron- Works, have instructed Col. Fowler to
apply to the government of your State and procure the possession of
the works for Col. Thomas Maybury, with whom the terms of tho con-
tract are settled on coudition of his getting the possession agreeably to
the resolution of Congress. As wo find it absolutely necessary to put
these works in blast, the Board beg the favor of Your Excellency to assist
Col. Flower or Col. Maybury in the business. They will necessarily have
to havesueh, relative to these works, with the governmeutot your State.
" By order of the Board,

"Richard Peters.
"His Excellency Gov. Livingston."

Three days afterwards Col. Flower addressed the
following letter to Governor Livingston :

" Lebanon, May 28, 177S.

"Sir, — Your Excellency will see by the Honorable Board of War and
Ordinance that they have not thought proper to agree with Col. Patton
for the carrying on of the Andover Iron-Works, and have directed me to
apply to the government of your State and procure the possession, of the)
works — to wit, the furnaces and forges— for Col. Thomas Maybury, with
whom I have made a contract for the iron to be made at tho said works
to be converted into steel, agreeably to the resolution of the Honorable
Congress of the 15th of January last; since Col. Patton could not get
possession of these works with the consent of the owners (two of them
being with the enemy in Philadelphia), and Mr. Chew, whom Mr. White-
head Humphreys and myself waited on, who is another owner, refused
to have anything to do with it, as he was only part owner, but advised
me to send in a flag to Philadelphia in order to treat with Messrs. Allen
&. Turner on the terms of the lease, agreeably to the resolution of tho
House of Assembly of your State on the 13th of March last; which ad-
vice of Mr. Chew I considered as an insult, as he knew such a step was
impracticable.

" 1 therefore, on behalf of the United States of North America, beg
leave to solicit Your Excellency's assistance in these premises, in order
to have Col. Maybury put in possession of the Andover works as soon as
possible. As Your Honors wero pleased to assure us that if the present
owners of the works refused to let them for tho use of the public Iho
Legislature would then take the necessary steps for putting them in pos-
session of a proper person, in order to have them carried on for the pur-
pose beforo mentioned, I hope the Legislature will approve Col. Maybury
and give him such assistance as will enable him to perform his contract,
and that Your Excellency will use your influence to accomplish this very
essential and important business.

"I have the honor to be Your Excellency's most obedient, obliged, and
humble sorvant,

"Benj. Fj.owur,

" Col. Aihj. C. 67. II.

" Itis Excellency Gov. Livingston. 1 '

Col. Maybury was accordingly placed in possession,
and the works were employed until the close of the
war in making pig iron and casting cannon-balls for



ANDOVER.



1 1.;



lie American army. They were ultimately eonfis-
eated, and, along with other landed possessions once
belonging to Alien >V Turner, were sold for the benefit
B thi government.

Upon the close of the war the mines were aban-
doned and the works neglected because of the ex-
haustion of timber fui I. The revival of tin- mining
Interest is spoken of i Isi where.

Mention having already been made of the existence
pf a store at Andover during the progress of the works
Binder the direction of Allen .v Turner, it may be in
ni'lir to quote from the pages of an account-book,
miller date of Maj 8, 1773, showing that for articles
jold at the Andover store prices were then :i- follows:
."»■. for a bushel of corn; 5s. ii'/. per bushel for rye; 8d.
ber pound for sugar; I8d. for coffee; dd. for tobacco;
! lot -i \"-<k of suit ; L" cent- per [pound for Hour: 7
(■ruts for pork; I cents for beef; molasses, l». per
guar! ; 7«. 6d. for a bushel of wheat ; 9». for a pair of
Shoes; 50». for a beaver hat ; U. for a razor ; 18 cents
per yard for red flannel ; Is. for a paper of pins; and
Eg. ii»/. for "check." Among the customers' names
(bund upon the store-book appear those of James
Stewart, John Blanchard, Amos Pettit, John James,
Abraham Amis, Mathew Wheaton, Adam White,
William Coughran, John Young, Azariah Smalley,
Mathew Mills, Patrick Doyle, Anns Brock, Benja-
min Moore, Luke Kelly, Jonathan Salsbury, Patrick
Campbell, John Dougherty, John Knight, John Bar-
berry, John Crow, Joseph Hai ck, Daniel Burns,

Sun i ii el Price, William Hart, John Lowe, John Sheals,

Tl las Price, Biggins Coppinger, Benjamin Bedell,

Lewis Awes, Edward Martin, George Oswald, Fred-
1 1 1 lafferty, .lames Mcllwe, John < lonm II, Peter
Andrew Willson, William Eolmes, William
Mahoney, John Seabolt, Peter Bossu, John Grady,
Azzar Head, Thomas Beatty, John Kirkendall, Jo-
seph Augustus, John Vennett, John Quig, John Rob-
inson, Thomas Christy, William Coppinger, Peter
Main, John St nil, William Oliver, and James Pagan.

QEBMAfH PLATS.

Among ill' i o lier settlements in Andover mu

named the locality ill tile northeastern portion of the

township which includes u p rt country known

to this da] as"Ger j Flats." As may readily be

Conceived, Germans ] pled that regional an earlj

da\ . They drifted thither before the outbreak of the
devolution, but just how long before cannot now be
said. Si. me authorities declare that the period of
their coming was uot far from 1740, but that period
is probably somewhat early. Imong the first ones in
thai vicinity, within what is now Andover township,
>■ . re doubtless John Shceler, Jacob Main-, Peti r
washer, Frederick Arvis, and John Blair.

John sie, hi-'- ■ randson \ br un iged upward- of
bighty, lives now in Newton. He was born on
the farm now occupied bj .Lone. I tin', where John
sheel. t located w hen he i Jersey, and



where he died at the age of ninety-seven. William,
his son, took Ben ice in the war of 1X1:2, but, from all
accounts, did not pass a very extended experience

therein.

Frederick Arvis Lived on the place now occupied by
Levi Howell, and before Arvis' time bj John Blair.
In 1820, Annanias Mulford and Elisha, his bachelor
brother, owned the \ni- farm, as well as adjacent

property, in ei.mmon. On the former they put up a
log house, which they presently eonverted into a 30-
Callcd tavern to accommodate and refresh wean-
traveler- journeying between Newton and Sparta.
The Mulford tavern was, according to i isting testi-
mony, a shabby affair, but it was nevertheless a place
where people frequently gathered for merrymakings,
and on training days espeuallv it was a rail. in.

point, and a point, tOO, where all hand- made a busi-
ness of having what was commonly known as a
"glorious time," in which Mulford's whisky always
played an important and lively pari. Elisha Mul-
ford, the bachelor brother, married a Miss Bunnell,

wl anie to the neighborhood at an early day to teach

school, and then the brothers, dividing the property
which they had hitherto held in common, sold out,

bag and baggage, and removed westward, Aniiaiiia-

to i ihio and Elisha to I llinois.

Michael Onsted came from German) to Germany
Flats long before 1800, and, Bottling upon a farm,
lived then- ever alter until hi- death, about 1820.
Hi- -on George carried on the farm after that. The
property i- now occupied by Abram Kerns. Michael

I tasted, dr.. another son, Settled on a farm about two
mile- north of Andover village, and died there in
1815. Hi- widow married Andrew Slockbower, who

in cue i son worked in i he Andover furnace. 11,- after-
wards boughl a tract of 100 acre- two miles north of

Andover village, and then' died. John Onsted, son
of Michael Onsted, came to Andover village in 1827,
ami entered Joseph Northrup's employ as a clerk. In
Andover village he still resides.

Peter Snook, whose daughter married Michael On-
sted, came from Germany towards the close of the
eighteenth century and located on a farm about a
ii of Newton village. After a brief residence
he m..\ id to Penns] Lvania.

John Harding, a hearty, active old man of eighty,

lives on tin' farm upon which his father, Samuel

Hardin on L800. Samui l I larding bought
ilnpla Ji )i Hall, who had effected some clear-
ing and put up a log h c. There Samuel Harding

died, in L834. His sons, Chomas, John, and Samuel,

also beci i settlers in the town. Thomas is dead,

lives in Pennsylvania, and John in Andovi r.
Anion- the neighbors of Samuel Hardin- thi
shortly after his coming were Anthonj Lo
Andrew Slock I lower, Conrad Misner, William Me Kin -

David \\ ilson, Albert Lmmi rman, J
John Eh

nin 1 1 iii.-.



444



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



naval service during the Revolution, and at the close
of the war settled in Sparta. About 1800 his son
Benjamin moved to a farm in Andover where his
son William now lives, and there Benjamin died in
1865, aged eighty-eight. Benjamin Hines bought 60
acres of his Andover farm of John I. Jones, a tailor,
who had lived there some time, although his improve-
ments were scanty. The balance of Hines' purchase
was a wild tract.

Where Peter Bird lives, four miles north of Andover,
James UitF became a settler in 1812, upon a portion
of the old Andover tract. There was a log house on
the place that had been built by a tenant. There was
not a framed house nearer than Andover, Sparta, or
Newton. His nearest neighbor was James Peters,
living a quarter of a mile to the southward.

John Struble lived near Struble's Pond, on the place
now occupied by Horatio Kinney, who married one of
Struble's daughters.

William McDevitt lived at Pinckneyville, and in
1812 went to Andover village to work for Joseph
Northrup. Later he retired to a farm near the vil-
lage, and carried on a saw-mill for Joseph Northrup.

At Pinckneyville, where Peter and John Maines,
and George Haggerty were among the early coiners,
Merritt Pinckney opened a store and blacksmith-
shop about 1830, and to the little hamlet which grew
about him his name was given.

Jonah Howell located in the place in 1828, and
after a bit carried on the blacksmith-shop, as well as
a grist-mill.

Germany Flats also included among early settlers
Barney Quackenbush, Capt. John Snyder, Jeremiah
Fisher, James Kerns, Thomas House, Robert Mills,
William Snook, the Cases, the Peters, and the Robin-
sons; but of these scarcely anything can be now
stated.

Richard and Jonathan McPeake, who lived near
Pinckneyville about 1800, were pretty well known for
a good ways around, Jonathan especially because
of his eccentric humor and an imperfection in his
speech that sometimes occasioned him confusion. He
was reputed to be excessively fond of ground-hog
sop and Indian dumpling, — a dish then much af-
fected and esteemed, but now looked upon with no
particular liking. His brother Richard did not, it
seems, bear the same love for that compound, al-
though his affection for things eatable was otherwise
strongly developed.

SPKINGDALE.

The old Union turnpike, between Newton and
Morristown, passing via Stanhope and Lockwood,
was opened to traffic about 1807, and there were, of
course, roadside inns, so called, at the end of about
every mile along the route. The locality known now
as Springdale was marked by the passage of the pike,
and at Springdale there was, of course, a tavern.
Daniel Stewart is supposed to have builfit and pre-
sided over whatever destiny it may have possessed at



the beginning of the nineteenth century. There was
a good deal of travel over the road, and, as mail
stage-coaches plied regularly over the course, there
was considerable music along the line, and a gener-
ally animated condition of affairs at such points as
had been fixed for the location of houses of enter-
tainment.

Stewart's tavern was a place where footsore trav-
elers occasionally found rest and refreshment, and
where stage passengers sometimes halted to moisten
their clay ; but, aside from those features of recom-
mendation, it cut no figure.

Joseph Hibler, who succeeded Stewart as landlord
of that tavern about 1812 (Hibler was born near
Brighton, where his father, Zachariah, was among
the earliest settlers), made it a famous place of resort
for the neighborhood, and upon his death left it to
his son William, who continued it as a public-house
until 1853, when he died. His son Joseph now occu-
pies the house as a residence.

William Hibler, who was a farmer as well as tav-
ernkeeper, is said to have possessed the peculiar fac-
ulty of getting his work done without much outlay
of either energy or money on his part. His scheme
was to bribe some of his lounging customers with a
drink or two of poor whisky to do his " chores."

The old mill now carried on at Springdale by
Daniel H. Stickles has stood there nearly a hundred
years, although somewhat enlarged and improved
over its earlier condition. Jabez Heaton is supposed
to have built it, but just when cannot now be told.
It is known, however, that he was the miller there
and owned the property until 1799, when he conveyed
it to John Potter, whose cousin, Nathan Potter, had a
blacksmith-shop and distillery at Springdale shortly
after that time.

North and south of Springdale, on the turnpike,
about 1810 there were among the settlers Joseph Hill,
Samuel White, F. A. Stackhouse, Jacob P. Milford (a
colored man, who kept a small grocery-store), Azariah
Davis (who kept store at Springdale), the widow Hen-
dricks (who lived with her sons Joshua, David, and
Charles on the place now owned by Henry Hart),
William Milam, a carpenter, John Hunt, on the place
now occupied by Robert Slater, Isaac Van Horn, and
Zachariah Stickles, who lived and died on the Acker-
man place.

IV.— TOWNSHIP ORGANIZATION.
Andover township was formed, under act approved
March 10, 1864, from a portion of Newton township.
The act reads as follows:

"Be it enacted, eta., That all that part of Newton township in the comity
of Sussex adjoining the lines of the townships of Green, Byrani, Sparta,
and Lufayette which lies southorly and eastwardly of the following lino
— namely, beginning in the lino between tho townships of Green and
Nowtou where tho highway leading past the late residence of Ohed Wil-
son, deceased, crosses said lino, ami running from thence to the Devil's
Hole (so called), on or near tho lino between tho farms of William M.
Babbitt ami John McCarter, Jr.,,and from thence to whore a snail 1 stream
of wator passes under the Sussex Railroad a little eastwardly of Iho



AXI'MVKl;.



443



Bwelling-houso ol HolsteadF.Towu the line

,. . i : lauds of Andrew Shiner

mid John Towmend Intersect the canal or dl letnthe

luu- meadowe by the Pauling's Kill U adow I m my, and n thence

liwn the said ditch to the II I uafayetli township— be, and the same

n hereby, sel oil i,,t', u now township, to be called 1 indofer Township." "

The name was of course suggested bj the tillage
of Andover, but how the village ram,- by the
designation no one appears to know.

In accordance with the provisions of the act, the
lir-t town-meeting was held at the bouse of Lewis
M'- Kinney, in the village of Amlover, April 11, 1 >n I.
[The votes cast numbered 187. The officials chosen on
ihai occasion are named as follows: Moderator, Al-
gerl Puder; Clerk, Weslej tliff; Judge of Eh
ff, L Stackhouse; Assessor, Robert Slater; Collectoi
I. mi,, ,- Mill,.!,-.; Freeholders, J.P. Bill, William M.
Hill'; Surveyors of Bighways, B. D. Totten, J. L.
Longcor; Overseer of the Poor, William McKinney;

i ables, William Kinney, Levi Spaci ; Town I ' -

inittee, Luther Bill, Sr., John Willson, James Bibler,
c. C. Coats; School Superintendent, l». L. Bunt;
issioners of Appeal, i reorge F. B ise, J. II.
Sioll, Daniel Ferrell; Roadmasters, Charles C. Cox,
Jonathan .Maine., .laenh Longcor, Unherl Slater, B. D.

[rotten, John Longcor, Thomas Bibler, ( reorge Misner,
Barnabas Space, Peter Demorest, Isaac Struble, John
Charles Walker; Pound-keepers, John Mc-
Kinney, Joseph Washer, Michael 5foungs ; Justice of
the Peace, David Bedden. Eighl hundred dollars
Were appropriated for road money,$200 for incidental
expenses, and si per scholar as school money.

Berewith are given the names of the persons who

pave served annually fi ISiio to lssn as judges of

i, eh rks, assessors, collectors, and chosen free-
holders:

IES OF ELECTION.

' so; 187 ■ 70, O.I Cook; li I, C. 0. Davidson.

I I .i.iiks.
.'. [lift*; 1867-70, N l.Stackhouse; 1-77 -78, .1. II. Valentine;
1870 BO, at R.Johnson

ASSESSORS,
n Slater; 1-7m, \. Pudor; 1-71 7:. B Slater; 1874-70, B. D.
Totten; 1877 7:', D I . Byram; 188 I, G, C. Cook.

001 BS

. i n II, J i 1872 75, I. Hill, Jr.; 1S70-

90 I. J. Darling.

I BEEUOLD1 BS.

i ph P. inn, Mn M. Drake; 1807, Lowla UcKI

tin Me' I ! hi ,- li Vllen, Uartin M. Drake; I860, John



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 113 of 190)