James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 114 of 190)
Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 114 of 190)
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ittj 1870, i M nitf; 1-71 72,

lolin tyore, Horutl ii i I i -.

Puilor; 1870, Silas C Ulon.J pli W. Snydei : 1877 7-, James [lift*,

Horatio N. Kl y; I87U,J« - [lift", Silas C. Al

Mien, C les w. Roof.

In 1880 the voters numbered 278. Five hundred

dollars were appropriated a> scl 1 >y, $200 as

tow ii monej . and $1500 a^ road m

v". SC >!,-.

Iii Vndovcr Scl I District, numbered 13, the firsl

Ichool-house is supposed to bave been buill in 1824.

It was a one-story stone, si 1 jusl east of Mr. John

Onsted'a present residence, and served its original
purpose until replaced, in 1855, by the present two-
story fra bouse. The firsl teacher in the
old stone was Walter McCann, who in the Bummer
seasons followed the trade of a mason and in the
winter seas, ,u. taught a subscription school. Be was
the pedagogue of the -tone Bchool-house many win-
ters, and retired only because in- bad grown too old
and feeble to pursue the business longer. His succes-
sor was John Brown, likewise an old man, and like-
wise a good teacher. In 1838, Wro, M. Bin* taught
school there.

The old school-housi as the residence of

Me Slockbower. The present house has two depart-
ments, in charge of J. D. Reynolds and Nellie De
Kay. The enrollment is about 150, and the attend-
ance a', 'in 100. The trustees of Andover Histriet in
1 88 I were ' reorge Boffman, I. J. Durling, and Chas.

M. Howell.

District No. II is called " Springdale." The first

scl I bouse was built in 1818 by one Crane, the

neighborh 1 carpenter, but it could not have been a

very substantial affair, sine,- in 1830 a new building
— the present stone— was put up on the same site.
The enrollment in 1880 was 55, and the average al-
ien, lame ah, ,ut 30. The trustees in 1 830 were Samuel
Bill, William Bibler, and Henry Bart; in 1880 they
w< n Daniel II. Stickles, David Ackerman, and Thos.

In Clinton School District, numbered 45, thi

school-house was a log cabin. It st 1 on Anthony

Longcor's farm, and was built presumably as early as
1800. In it the earliest teachers were Daniel Hunt,
Rebecca Hunt, and a man named Newell. In L825
the present stone house was built on the same farm,
now owned l>y the widow of William Longcor. In

that house Daniel Warren, an old, gray-haired man,

was the first teacher. Be taught there seven or eight
y.ais, and in the flush of his usefulness was drowned
while crossing Pequest Creek. The trustees in Clin-
ton Distriet in 1880 were George Lawrence, Ogden
Strobridge, and Joseph Longcor.

In German) District there was a framed school-
house before 1810. li -t I at the cross-roads, about

a mile west of the present building, and in it, about
1810, the teachers were a Mr. Newell and Daniel

A Miss Bunnell was teacher of a private school in
Elisha Mulford's house shortly after 1820, but before
she bad taught a ureal while Mulford fell a prey to
Iter fascinations and married her. The present stone
school-house was built in 1888. In it the iir-i teacher
was charle- Sutton. The trustees of the district in
1880 were William Pinckney, Joseph Snyder, and
Hill', There are 38 Bchool-children enrolled

in the district, but not many more than half that

number regularly attend the school. The amount
I in 1879 for school support was $330.




The first church edifice erected at Andover was
by the Baptists in 1834. Although a bequest from a
Miss Hill gave material financial assistance and the
church was ultimately cleared of debt, the society
concluded, after a twenty years' experience, that the
organization must be allowed to expire for lack of sup-
port. The church building was accordingly sold, and
in 1855 was occupied by the Protestant Methodists.
Not long afterwards the Methodist Episcopals ob-
tained it, and still own it.

The Methodist Episcopal Church is in a flourishing
conditiou, and in the charge, which includes Andover
and Spring-dale, there are about 175 members. The
class-leaders are Albert Puder and William McKain.
The trustees are L. J. Valentine, Albert Puder, Lewis
Wilson, Watson Ayers, P. Hines, A. H. Wilson, R.
Van Sickle, Michael Youngs, and Samuel Van Sickle.

The Sabbath-school has 16 teachers and 70 scholars.
Joseph Valentine is the superintendent.


April 7, 1858, a petition and application for the or-
ganization of a Presbyterian Church at Andover was
offered by Rev. Mr. Barrett, and thereupon the Pres-
bytery appointed Revs. Barrett, Reily, and McGee,
and Ruling Elders J. L. Labur, J. T. Smith, and
Levi Lanning, as a committee to visit Andover and
effect the organization should the way be found clear.
On Sept. 25, 1858, the committee, the petitioners, and
others assembled at the academy in Andover, and, the
organization of the church being fixed, members were
received as follows: J. S. Broderick, Sarah Broderick,
Jane Broderick, Mary Broderick, Louisa White, Jane
Iliff, all of Newton ; John D. Reynolds, of Stillwater;
Martha Reynolds, of Hardwick ; and Jehiel T. Smith,
of Marksborough, on certificate. William M. Iliff,
Nathan P. White, and Mary Ann White joined on
profession of faith. The elders chosen on that occa-
sion were J. S. Broderick, Jehiel T. Smith, John D.
Reynolds, and William M. Iliff. Rev. J. S. Smith
was chosen to be the first pastor, and Dec. 21, 1859,
an important accession to the church was made in the
persons of 28 new members.

A house of worship was completed December, 1859,
and ten years afterwards the tower was furnished with
a bell.

Rev. Mr. Smith continued his services as pastor
until the summer of 18G2, and from that time until
October, 1871, the pulpit was supplied by Revs. Wil-
liam Travis, A. S. Collins, R. H. Davison, Thomas T.
Long, R. B. Westbrook, Byron Barrett ("a faithful
and almost gratuitous service for almost two years"),
and David Conway. Kcv. Edward Webb, the next
settled pastor, began his labors October, 1871, and

was followed by B.S. Foster in September, 1873, John
Eancock in October, 1876, and .1. F. Shaw (the pres-
ent pastor) in October, 1877.

Of the 199 members received into the church since
1858, there remained 100 in December, 1880, when
the elders were John D. Reynolds, Henry Freeman,
George Hoffman, John Field, Luther Hill, and Silas
C. Allen. John D. Reynolds is superintendent of the
Sabbath-school, in which the average attendance is 57.


About 1810, Joseph Northrup purchased of the gov-
ernment about 700 acres of land in what is now An-
dover township. The tract covered the site of the
present village of Andover, and included the old fur-
nace and mill buildings used by Allen & Turner dur-
ing the maintenance of the iron-works there, as early
as before the Revolution, as well as the old mansion
in which the person in charge of the works resided.
The furnace building is now used as a grist-mill, and
bears the date " I. C. 1761" rudely inscribed upon the

After Mr. Northrup came into possession the old
furnace was not much used until 1816, when it was con-
verted into a mill. To that time Mr. Northrup had
carried on a mill in the old structure, now Joseph H.
Valentine's store.

As late as 1816 the only store at Andover village
was kept by Mr. Northrup in the stone mansion near
the railway track, which, upon his coming, he occu-
pied as a residence. Some years later the house took
fire, but, the walls remaining, Mr. Northrup rebuilt
it, and as he rebuilt it it yet stands. In 1816 he re-
moved his store from his dwelling, and, making a mill
of the furnace, converted the old mill into a store, as
already told. ,

Besides the furnace, mill, and mansion, there are
yet standing of the English company's buildings an
old stone barn and a blacksmith-shop. These struc-
tures were fashioned of stone, and to this day are in
excellent preservation.

In 1828, Mr. Northrup built a distillery adjoining
the store, and until his death, in 1840, was steadily
engaged at Andover in milling, lanning, trading, and
distilling; so that he was-kept moderately busy. He
was the first postmaster at Andover, and retained
the appointment until 1840, although he performed
scarcely any office-work himself. His interests and
duties were multifarious, and he was, as may be im-
agined, a man of more than ordinary consequence.

Before Northrup's death William D. Headley rented
the store, mill, etc., and for many years, or until Syl-
vester White built the second, Northrup's was the
only store in the village. AVhitc was burned out two
years afterwards, and then bought the old Northrup

The third store was built in I860 by William M.
Iliff. It is now occupied by Freeman & Ayers.

There was a blacksmith at the village in 1814, sup-
posed to have been George Rhodes. When John
Ousted (now living in Andover) came to the village,
in 1827, to clerk for Joseph Northrup, he found David



prate carrying on a smithy, and two years later along
fcame William McKinney,a carpenter, still a resident.

William M. lliff built the firsl village tavern in
L855, and leased it to Peter Van Ness, bul long be-
fore Hint, in L817, John Onsted built a wayside inn

Im i nion turnpike, a mile above Andover village,

:,,„! kept it until his death, in L835. His widow mar-
ried Zachariah Btickles, who was the landlord of the
hostelry for Borne years afterwards. The property,

qowow I bythe Musconetcong Iron- Works, covers

about 90 acres, of which about half are thoroughly
impregnated with limestone, the present yield and
shipment hcing I" 1 ' tons daily.

Andover village is now I December, 1880) a stirring
place of 1 1 . : 1 1- 1 > .".mi inlialiitant-, with a brisk trade in
connection with the adjacent country. Besides ore
Bhipments, the milk traffic by rail to New York aver-
ages from inn to L50 can- daily.

Mail is received four times each day. Jehiel T.
Smith, the present postmaster, was commissioned in
1857. Mis predecessors, dating from the death of
Mr. Northrup (the first postmaster), in 1S40, were
John ' -ale. A. McDaniels, and S. B. White.

There is a fine water-power with a claimed tall of
22 feet, although its use is limited to driving but one


i (verlooking the village from a commanding eleva-
tion is the village cemetery, founded in L858, and the
only regularly laid out burial-place the town has evei
oad. The ground was beautified by William M. Eliff,
and held by him as private property until 1879, when
dedi eded it to a board of trustees. During the Revo-
lutionary era ihere were two burial-places at the vil-
lage located on either side of the line of the Sussex
Railway. Traces of these grounds— used, of course,
bj the people employed at the iron-works— were visi-
ble until within a few years ago, bul the heads! -

are now dislodged and the land broken to the plow.


Che Andover iron-mines lay idle fr 1800 to 1848,

when Cooper & Hewitt bought or leased the property,
and to facilitate the transportation of ore constructed
: , m ule railwaj to the Morris Canal at W i
Tie y did considerable business in the enterpi

In 1848 they procured a charter for the I
Railroad, under the name of the "Susses Mine B til
road," which was opened through to Newton in
December, 1854. Messrs. Cooper & Hewitl operated

this road, owning a controlling share of the - k, and

facilitating their mining operations, till Di

L857, when they sold to other parties.

\,. very important operations were conducted in
that vioinitj alter ihal until in the spring of 1879,
w hi a W. J. Taylor & Co., of Chester, in Morris
County, began work upon a new vein. They have
pushed affairs with much vigor, and with a forceof

thirty men mine and ship L500 tons of ore monthly.
Preparation- were afoot in December, L880, for the
,,, u-triieti., ii l.y Taylor & Co., at Andover, of calcin-
ing works.

Near the Taylor mine is the Tar Hill mine, which
ie under lease to the Crane Iron Company. Prepara-
tions for mining were SO forward in the winter .it

1880 -l that there was a prospect of beginning
shipment of ore in the Bpring, when it was thought
fully one hundred men would be employed.

Touching iron ore deposits at Andover, extracts
from the State geologist's n porl are made as follows:

"The ridge Id which the deposit of ore at Indi

..-I l,..|-tiii.iuli..u. ill whirl. It si' " I '"■ "''""

a ted,In n th-northeasl direction lor n distal

width the ridge tarlesfi no-fourth tothi

|H,rii..n ..f ii in which Uie depodte "l specular Iron ore, the n

trataoccui iain average ■ t throe-«ighth«

of a mile in width.

„ Th( lt; i ,,..,.1,. mixed with foreign mineral

a boll B feet In width, extending Hum the northweel by weet end of the

I .wards thi itlica > 1-3 mat, and II Ii n "in mel wil

extont bounding the southeast by east termination of the lead locality,

■•• ,, at Tai Hill mine la chlrflj an ■

iron pyrites, the lattei constituting I

mine half a mile farther In >. northeast dii <mni.ii of

the ridge, specimens Included pyrrhotine mixed with pyritrt. crystallized
jreon epldotewith red emmet, pyrites, etc., dark green folds]

blende of the e i lite »arloty,and a grei Dish black I dende in dte-

s3 Inches long. There was magnetic iron

illlu. i leavages, an. larfcwith much pyrl I

; „ the Indovoi ml rave from 40.76 per cent, to 04.65 pei cent ol

U tli Car Hill mine the yield
73.0 |..-r .-out.

"North ..f Andover, ....<! about half of a ...it" southeast of the Au-
dover mine, Is a detached hill of limestone highly crystallised. The

- the saw-mill bounds it on the north, the r I

while "i. the south another

,ws ;.. it- base. Meadows t nd it on the west '

Derail] whll Un' Som. p. Irnenn haveoplnkish

h bne. I narries are worked bj the M not.

u,,,i.- The stone has been used Ibi burning lime Inal

In Hcate it as approaching calclto In purity. Onlj traces
..f magnesia are found i.. It
'• Limestono is found near. Decker's Pond, souUiwest of And

,,,„. | t„ the road from the mine northeast to s i ii doe east

ol the i I, its extent being 860 yards, while II la about 70yai Is broad."

• Sec hist .rj of Rullroa.U, In i

i ii iplol

Dn June, L880, there were in Andover twenty-nine
persons of ages between sixty and sixty-five. The
m sof those aged sixty-five and over are here given:

Vcke 75; Klin Allen, 67

Ii,.., ii v. 7"- T. mi


■■ N| ""
Wolds 00:JohnGrlfllth,60| Hoi
Howell, 72; John Hardl ' ' "■•"■*'■■

' I
liam M. Illff, 10

-. Honrj I iwrer M -"""'

-. .. math i -

, Elss Bhulor, 77; Aiistln Ti .wbrl I ■. ■ ■ " ■ nah rrowliridge,

,,T : ' '' l "' >;


st]n - i wnsond, 71 ; Jull -




Richard Iliff came from England prior to the Revo-
lutionary war and settled near Kingwood, in Hunter-
don Co., N. J. His wife was of Welsh parentage.
His son, John Iliff, was grandfather of our subject,
married Miss Williams and settled in Tinicum, Bucks
Co., Pa., very soon after the war. He was a farmer,
and his real estate of four hundred acres was divided
equally between his five sons at his death, which oc-
curred about 1800.

His children were Benjamin, who became one of
the earliest Methodist preachers, and died at German-
town, in Hunterdon Co., N. J. ; John and Samuel,
sold the property left them by their father in 1812
and settled in Ohio, near Zanesville; James; Joseph,
a Methodist preacher of the Philadelphia Conference^
died in Maryland ; Mercy, became the wife of John
Purcell; Lydia, became the wife df Abel White;
Margaret, became the wife of Thomas Upjohn ; and a
fourth daughter, Sarah, became the wife of Solomon

Of their children, James, father of our subject, was
born in Tinicum, Pa., Feb. 22, 1786, and married,
Feb. 14, 1807, Elizabeth Moore, who was born Nov.
4, 1786, and died March 3, 1858. He died on his
homestead, near Newton, N. J., Dec. 10, 1840.
James Iliff resided on the property left him by his
father after his marriage until April 4, 1814, when he
removed to Newton township, now Andover, and set-
tled on two hundred acres which he had previously
purchased, known as a part of the old Andover tract.
Here he found a log house and a wilderness tract of
land, and upon this farm he spent the remainder of
his life. He erected a substantial stone house, now
upon the place, and cleared off most of the original
forest aud brought the land into" a high- state of cul-

He was one of the organizers and founders of the
Methodist Church at Newton, and one of the pioneer
Methodists in Sussex County. His house was the
place for Methodist meetings for many years, and
there he had a private class of his own as a branch of
the Newton Church.

The early Methodist preachers of years ago when
traveling their circuit on horseback found shelter and
refreshments at his hospitable home, and it was his
pleasure to greet the advocates of Methodism- with a
hearty good cheer and contribute to all its interests
commensurable with his means.

Mr. Iliff was a leading and influential citizen of his
township and Sussex County; held the important
"Mir,-, i M his township, ami in 1840 was one of the
Presidential electors to the convention that placed
William Eenry Harrison in nomination for the Presi-
dency during tin- log cabin and hard cider times.
His children are Jane (deceased), was the wife of

George B. Case ; William M. ; Margaret, became the
wife of Morgan L. Smith, and in 1833 removed to
Indiana; Richard, served his time as a printer with
Judge John H. Hall, of Newton, and settled in
Indianapolis, where he died ; John (deceased), was
judge of the Court of. Common Pleas for Sussex
County for several years prior to his death ; Benjamin,
died young; Mary, became the wife of Rev. A. H.
Bellis ; James, is a farmer in Andover ; and Joseph,
emigrated to Kansas.

William M. Iliff was born at Tinicum, Pa., April
19, 1810, and was consequently four years of age when
his parents settled in Sussex County. Being the
eldest son, and his help being necessary at home, his
early education was very limited, but a few years
prior to reaching his majority, through the kindness
of Dr. Moran, he by private study obtained a fail-
English education, and for three terms was a teacher.
He married, Dec. 8, 1831, Eliza Jane, a daughter of
Rev. Jacob Hevener, a clergyman of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, who died at Asbury, Warren Co.
She was born June 28, 1811. Their children are
Elizabeth, wife of H. M. Rhodes, of Newark ; AVes-
ley, of Michigan ; and Manning F., of New York

After his marriage Mr. Iliff settled on a farm near
the homestead, upon which he resided for twenty
years. He succeeded by purchase, in connection
with his brother, Judge John Iliff, to the possession
of the homestead, which he now owns. In 1855 he
removed to Andover, where he erected himself a
dwelling, and for many years he was engaged there
in building houses, and he caused to be erected many
of the most substantial residences and places of busi-
ness at Andover.

During his residence there he erected the store at
present occupied by Freeman & Ayres, and carried on
a quite extensive trade and freighting business for
several years. The village owes much to the enter-
prise of Mr. Iliff for its present well-laid-out streets
and buildings.

Resolving to retire from the active duties of life, in
1873 he removed to Newark, but his previous active
business life, and his lifelong familiarity with the
farm, led him in 1874 to return to Andover, where,
the same year, he erected his present fine country
residence near the village, where he has resided since.
Mr. Iliff has always been interested in the local af-
fairs of the township and county; has held the office
of freeholder for several terms, and other township
offices, and upon the erection of the township of
Andover from Newton he took an active and influen-
tial part. He cast his first Presidential vote for Gen.
Jackson, and voted for Henry Clay. In 1864 he was
elected to the lower branch of the State Legislature,
and served as a member from Sussex in 1865, 1866,
and 1867.

During his second term in the Legislature lie re-
ceived the Democratic nomination for Speaker, but

#~~ M Sfyb


U" I I T'V-V^^-N


William KlNffir, son of David and Mary (Mowry) Kinney,
was born in Belvidere, Warren Co., N. J., May 1, 1812. His
lather, David Kinney, an activo business man, bought an oil-
mill near Belvidere, which lie was carrying on dnring the war
"t" 1812, He subsequently removed to Atigu-ta. Krankford
township, Sussex Co., and carried on farming, and all
resided on the Henry Price farm for twelve years, when he
purchased a farm in the township of Sparta, where he lived
until his death, in 1854. His ago was about sevi ni\ five years,
aril his wife died at about the same age. Their children were
Jacob, William, Philip, Betsey, Surah Ann, Fanny, Mary, Ellen,
Jem i ma, and Jano.

William Kinney married, .May 9, |s|n, .Mary, .laughter of
John and Diadama (Tingley) Dennis, of Lafayette; -In- un-
born May 20, 1SI9. Her grandfather was Jesse Dennis, who
married, for his lirsi wife, n Miss Sohooloy, and for hisseoond
Martha, danghtor of George UeCoy, a large landowner in Sus-
I inilv during his time. The children of John Dennis
wore Joseph, .lames, Levi, Nathaniel, John, Bxehiel, Jaokson,
David, Mary and Elizabeth (twins), and Matilda.

For live years alter his marriage Mr. Kinney resided on a
farm near Sparta containing three hundred aere-, whioh he

paid for daring thai ii For ten years following ho resided

"ear by this form upon sixty acres of land, n subsequent pur-
chasc, upon which he built a residence, when, iii I B57, b
iii Anil'iver, then consisting of a fow houses, whore hepur ihnsed
about ono hundred aores of land adjoining the village. This
property he laid out in lots and Btrei ta, and a large pari ol the
present i illage of Andover is a portion of the property belong-
ing to this purcbaso. liming his reside al Andover he

purchased aboul hundred and forty acres of land, a\

which is located n valuable limestone quarry, whi lb he retained
for a few years, and disposed of the quarry to the Mu
oong [ron-Works Company nt a largo advance. Chi
woro only o part of the transactions in real estate in whioh ho
was ongnged. Bo was naturally of a speculative disposition,
and his for seeing judgmi nl nod upi i o.r business ability made
him ■ verj su fid Bni ior and dealer in property. The

residence now occupied by his widow he built in 1876.

For many years Mr. Kinney was officially connected with

township matters. He was an active and earnest supporter of
the Democratic party, and wielded a large influence in town-
ship and county affairs. He was a man of strong convictions,
carried forward to b successful issue whatever he undertook,
even through great difficulties, and his energy nnd resolution
to embark in an enterprise were always based upon bis good
judgment and sound eommon Bense. His children arc Soratio
X. : Martin It.; Diadama, wife of Alfred Lodcr, of Newark;
Jane, wife of Rev. K. Meaehcm, a Methodist Episcopal clergy-
man ; David, deceased ; Sarah Ann, wife of Joseph Longcor, of
Sparta: l-al.,1. deceased; William; Kiln., wife of William
Garret Hopkins, who residi s on the homestead, in Sparta;
Lydiu, wile of John Hart, of New York: John: and Lizzie.

Horatio N. Kinney, eldest son of William and Mary Kii.n. \.
was born in the township of Lafayette, Dec. 10, 1839, and
married, in September, I860, Anna E., a daughter of Simeon
Struble, of Andover. Her father is a descendant of Peter
Struble, who emigrated from the province of Alsace. Germany,
in 1748, with In- family, and settled at German Valley, N. J.,
and ah iuI 1752 removed and Bettled on Smith's Hill, in the old
low-iiship of Newton, Sussex Co., and from whom the numerous
family of Struble in Northern Jersey are descended. His chil-
dren arc Mary D., George, Clark, and Rosa.

Mr. K innev for inner in

Sparta, and for three years following was engaged with bis
father in tho limestone quarry at Andover, and in improving
that property after its purohnso. Subsequently ho purchased
one hundred and forty acre- near Strnble's Pond, in Andover
township, ta which he has nddod sixty aere- more, making his

pre. cut valuable farm of two hundred lores. Upon this prop-

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 114 of 190)