James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 118 of 190)
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B Y R A M;


The township of Byram, with a population of 1400,
occupies the extreme southern point of Sussex County,
having the townships of Andover and Sparta on the
north, Morris and Warren Counties on the south,
Morris County on the east, and the townships of
Green and Andover on the west. It is oblong in
shape, averaging about eight miles in length and five
in width.

Lake Hopatcong, lying between Byram and Morris
County, is a handsome sheet of water, about six miles
long and two miles wide at its widest part. It is a valu-
able adjunct to the Morris Canal, which it feeds, while
it occupies the highest elevation on the line of the
canal. Its waters, which pass eastward to the Hudson
as well as westward to the Delaware, are plentifully
stocked with fish, and freely invite the attention of
sportsmen from miles around.

Byram is conspicuous for being devoted to agricul-
ture in a lesser degree than any township in the county,
and in possessing within its soil in almost every direc-
tion abundant deposits of iron ore, which, while crowd-
ing aside the interests of agriculture, compensate for
that action by contributing largely to the town's wealth
and prosperity.

Although the Morris and Essex Railroad has near
■Waterloo village a station called Waterloo, the road
does not, as a matter of fact, touch Sussex County.
The Sussex Railroad pusses across the township, and
lias one of its termini at Waterloo.

Stanhope, the most important village in Byram, is

* By David Schwartz.

an iron-manufacturing centre of some pretensions.
Waterloo is but a rural hamlet. Roseville was a
mining village, but is now dismantled.

Watercourses are numerous in Byram, and water-
power abundant. The Musconetcong River flows
from Lake Hopatcong along the town's southern bor-
der, while a branch of the river, called Lubber's Run,
passes through the centre of the township from north-
east to southwest.

The assessed valuation of Byram in 1879 was
$523,410, and in the same year the taxation aggre-
gated $6465.20.


The earliest settlements made in Byram centred
about the localities opened to the iron-working in-
terest, for there was scarcely any inducement for the
farmer, in view of the facts, first, that the land was
generally given over to the production of ore and
hence ill adapted to the purposes of agriculture, and,
secondly, that there was more profit in iron-mining
than in farming sterile lands. Hence nearly all who
penetrated the township at an early date concerned
themselves more or less with the development of iron
mines or with iron-working.

There were furnaces or forges at several places,
such as Stanhope, Brooklyn, Old Andover (now Wa-
terloo), Lockwood, Roseville, and Columbia, where
settlements sprang up and made the country a mod-
erately busy one while they lasted. These settlements
were, however, in the nature of things, transitory and
changeable in their character. As the iron interests
declined, however, public attention was more closely


4b 1

directed to the 1 > 1 1 - i 1 1 < — . of agricultui, : u i • 1 -o. grad-
ually but slowly, iron-mining gave place in -< •

measure to farming, and before long there was a con-
siderable show of effort at developing what agricul-
tural resources the soil might possess.

Among the earliesl of the bona-fide settlers may be
mentioned the brothers Byram, — Jephthah and John,
— after whose family name the town was christened
ii I ion organization, in 1798. These Bj rams lived near
Columbia, and there, too, a shoemaker, by name- John
Bird, lived. Bird worked frequently for John Byram,
ami was, withal, n dealer in practical jokes, the which
be portioned out freely to whomsoever happened to
come within range.

John Byram owned a nice melon-patch, of which
he was inordinately proud, and upon which divers
and sundry covetous persons bad set their longing
desires, but vainly, since John knew bow to watch
the treasures and defend them. Bird was, however,
determined to have- not only bis joke, but some of

Bvram's melons in the bargain, and, what's more, » as
resolved that Byram should himself be a party to the

abstraction. Accordingly, he mentioned quite casuallj
to Byram one day that he bad found a lovely melon-
patch, and asked bini if he wouldn't go around some

fine night and get some. Byram was quite as ready

to raid a strange melon-paleli as he was to defend his
own, and so, that night I'.ird hading him by a round-
about path to his own patch, both loaded up with all

fchej Could carry, and made off in high glee at having

outwitted the owner. When Byram learned from Bird

the next da\ that he had robbed his own patch, he

Offered Bird ten dollars to say nothing about it to the
neighbors. Bird wouldn't promise, and then Byram,
becoming a philosopher, resolved to tell it himself.
Ever after that be lost no chance of repeating the

story, and always with infinite zest.

Nicholas Byram, son to John, took possession of

the old place upon his father'- death, and there re-
side- now the widow of Nicholas Byram, with James
Mcl'eake, her son-in-law.

\nthoin I I em 'mover lived about a mile above Ko-e-

villc, where he died at the age of ninety. He bad a

SOU m: id \ nt Imhi\ , and now a grandson bearing the

same name livesnear Lock wood. Robert Byerly, liv-
ing at Roseville, is a son to John Byerly, who married
one of the daughters of the first Anthony Heminover
mentioned. It is told of John Byerly that, being
once at Newton during one of his periodical moods of
dissatisfaction with the government of the nation, he
exclaimed in a public place that Kimr George had
ruled the country once, and, according to his belief,
the country would be better off if King George were
to rule ii again. There was a Btrong expression of

disapproval at his remarks, and one John M 'e.

standing near, went BO far as to attack Byerly and
Violently assault him. There was B g 1 deal of ex-
citement over the ma Her, and the popular feeling was

naturally direr led againsl Byerly. He was, however,

determined to assert bis right- in the premises, and so,
obtaining a warrant, he caused Moore's arrest The
prisoner soon found a legion of supporters, who prom-
ised to stand by him through thick and thin; and
when he was marched away to jail he was attended by

a crowd of admirer-, « ho-,- strong desire seemed to be

to make the march an ovation. Upon his trial he was
convicted and lined to pay $] in addition to 1 1,

($40). In a twinkling a dozen hand- came quickly
forward to pay the fine, ami then bore the heroic
Moore away in triumph, much, doubtless, to hi- joyful


There was a settlement in the locality known as
Brooklyn as early as the Revolutionary period, during

which an Englishman named Bappalee had a t-fire
bar-iron forge there. Before the close of the war he,
his family, and his men moved away, and, about 1800,

Phineas Randolph, of Morris County, came into pos-
session of the property. He started a 3-fire forge, and

carried it on a dozen Mar- or more. In 181 I.
lliuchman took hold of the business, but in lslo,
when the iron interests generall] suffered a collapse,

lie gave it Up. Charles Randolph revived it in 1818,
and not long after that William Zeek, the owner of a

large farm in that neighbor!) I. op. -rated two fires of

the forge, and for him John Lewis, now a resident of

Stanhope, worked when a lad. Zcek carried on tie-
forge bu-iness until his death, in 1828, when the Mor-
ris ('anal Company obtained control of it. But little
was dom> at that point, however, after 1880. Then-
was a good water-power there, and during the tine of
Bappalee and l'liim IBS Randolph a saw- and grist-mill
at that point attracted considerable business.

The settlement- at Brooklyn, however, were 30 tran-
sitory and uncertain in their character, it i- at this
day impossible to find but faint trace- of the presence
of descendants of Brooklyn's earlier residents. Among

those wl an now be remembered as having lived

there in 1815 wen- Jacob Miller. Thomas done-. Wil-
liam Sheldon, Simeon Dickerson, John Ab.-ll. Mr.
Oliver. Nicholas White, and William Zeek.

William MeKain came & Ireland, and about

1788 brought his family to Byram. IB located on a

(arm near Kosevillc. and there sill jllelith hi- -

Alexander, Thomas, William, and .lame- also became
settlers. In 18,16, Uexander bought the Lockwood
tavern-stand, then kept by Mark Luce and owned by
Daniel Chambers, who lived in the town a- early as

1800, and built the tavern probably about the time
thi I 'ii"U turnpike was opened, in 1807. MeKain,
Whose "lie was called "the Smartest woman in the
town," became a Well-known and popular personage,

and was designated tar ami near as " the Governor."

lie called his tavern the "Lockwood House," and

kept it to hi- satisfaction and profit until the i iple-

tion of (he Morris ami Essex Railroad relegated the
famous pike to obscurity. Stages stopped at McKain's
to change horses, ami. a- there was a vast deal of

travel over the route first and la-t, the tavern drove a



brisk business and was reputed to be a hostelry high
in favor with the traveling public. When McKain
went to Loekwood he caused the Lockwood post-
office to be established, and himself to be appointed
postmaster, which he retained as long as the office
lasted. Josiah Munson, who kept the Stanhope tavern
in 1819, moved to Lockwood in 1820, and with his
sons Charles and Hiram opened a store and carried
on also a saw-mill and forge. Hiram Munson was a
prominent man, and served a term in the Legislature.

Among the early residents at Lockwood were also
Delaucey McConnell, a blacksmith, John and Daniel
Nixon, the AVhites, and many others mainly em-
ployed in the mill and forge. Lockwood was for a
time a place of local importance, and the general
rendezvous on the occasions of town-meetings and
general trainings.

The Conns were early comers to Byram. The first
of that name in the township was James, who car.ie
from Ireland and eventually located upon a farm
about midway between Roseville Mine and Andover.
He died there in 1840, at the age of forty. His sons
were Joseph, Samuel, and Robert, of whom the only
one living is Joseph, now in his eighty-eighth year.
He lives in Byram, and is rather proud of the fact
that he never married.

Jacob Rose lived at Roseville during the Revolu-
tion. His sons, Andrew, John, and Jacob, settled on
farms in Byram. All except Andrew died on their
farms ; he died in Stanhope. The first Andrew at one
time owned a forge at Roseville.

Abraham Hathaway, who had a forge later at
Stanhope, lived at an early period at a place called
Bear Swamp, one mile from Columbia, and there car-
ried on a saw-mill. Thomas Drake, one of Byram's
early settlers, served in the war of 1812, as did his
uncle, Thomas Drake, a resident of Morris County.


From a preserved list of the names of the persons i
who voted at the election held in Byram, Oct. 11 and
12, 1803, for members of Council and General As-
sembly, sheriff, and coroners, it appears that one hun-
dred and fifteen votes were cast, of which twelve were
apparently by women. The names of the voters are
here given, the feminine names in italics:

John Bedell, William Zcek. Daniel Jackson, Samuel Smith, James Conn,
William Green, Samuel Staples, Simeon Dickerson, Simon Millham,
Michael Dixon, Joab Rose, Silas Dickerson, Thomas Johnson, Aaron
Whitehead, Daniel Pony, Jared Coe, Joab Daniels, Richard Peters,
Charles Hnnn. Willis Pearson, Samuel Bedell, James liowland,
James Gallagher, Amariah Castorlino, Thomas Rowland, Samuel

Wright, Jr., Sa el Lylo, Joseph McNear, Joseph Perry, Samuel

Hudson, Abraham Hathaway, Silas Hudson, John Gonzales, John
K.Mr, Elisabeth BediiU, John Rhodes, William Humes, Josiah Miller,
David Wright, Daniel Chambers, Lewis Ayers, John Bird, John

■' is, Jopthah Byram, William Heminover, Samuel Landon, Jr.,

Deri Coe,Jonathan Dickerson, Benjamin Pitney, John Mkerson,

Ephraim Wright, Nicholas Byram, Gilberl Lish, Zel n Landon,

Asahel Lovell, Uonry Atuo, Jr., Moses Johnson, Abram 1'ulkorson,
Aaron ffulkerson, William Sheldon, Allan Wagar, Josoph ffulkerson,
John Cooper, Br., David Thomas, John Harpperre, Jam<
Harmon Caffroy, Eliab Byram, Joseph Willgns, Andrew Swauh

her, John Staples, Martin Sidoner, Daniol Bird, David Day, Elizabeth
liowland, Ruth Johnson, Asenath Lish, Mary Hayward, Stephen Hann,
Joseph L. Dickerson, Joseph Caffrey, Benjamin Hayward, Isaac
Hay ward, Byram Pitney, Samuel Landon, Esq., Nathan Zeek, John
Dickerson, Samuel Bedell, Jr., John Abell, Susannah Byram, Sarah
Hayward, Rachel Hazen, Lemuel Do Camp, Sarah Hudson, Elizabeth
Wright, Mary M. Cain, Mary Wright, Jacob Youngs, Ebenezer Hunt,
William Newman, Benjamin Howard, Zenas Johnson, John Reeder,
James Brown, Hercules Clawson, Charles Fisher, Hamilton Patter-
sou, Joshua Reeves, Joseph Horton, Racket Horton, John Masecar,
Thomas McKain, Robert Chambers, Amasa London, Mathias Hay-

It is perhaps worthy of observation that of the one
hundred and fifteen persons voting, but one boasted a
middle name.


Of the township assessment rolls now in existence,
the oldest bears date 1819. The names of the tax-
payers, with amount of land owned and assessed value
thereof, appear below :




William Abell



Miles, Anson & Co




John Bedell





Anna Bird


Daniel Bird






Christopher Case, est






.. ''5




26 92

James Crawford



Sarah Dixon


L. M. Do Camp



M. P. Dickerson

One storo

Hannah Dtt Camp





Benjamin Goblo


David Uuble



Hugh Gray


William G. Hull




Mathias ITayward




Anthony Heminover

















53 20


10 30



Name*. | j;1 ,„l.

J. II I.- ... Ii ■-

Bachael botes ""

st-,,l,-„ l.v.i. "I"

III. m, H.N 20

i i ten ""

M. li.ii. <»>

Willi i, mi Hi Ealn >"

Henry .Milli.'iin ""

Jacob Hearing >-

\, „, M ,.-v "II

M.il.ih Mil 1 II ""

Jo ,.i. Munson ""

rimil.., Miin.ly mi

Joseph Hi Ki bi ""

i i ten

w iiii i. ii Hearing ""

Job. V. Hlllor and Ellai Halm

Boberl McDevll 40

Hannah Hiller ""

Willi, mi M. I'll, il.i-l, 2"

1,,!,,, s,. IIII

Bob .. Ollvei ""

Uharlea Randolph

John Pbllllpa ""

Byram Pitney 90

Benjamin Pitney ""

. i in 1 1 < . Parker

Jo ieph Perry

julin Rowland i"

i , b l i .• 7n

John Bom W>

, .lr

\i„l,,.> R ,J| 00

John Rutherford

Martin Sl.luor ""

BJehard Bel ley, e«t

John Stevens in

Cornelius Sickles 50

John Bmlth

William Zeel

KIl/Jll-ll, Miil.l — ""

•Il„.„,„. Ii,.,.l,„i.l ""

wiih i. in itntii.-i r..i-.i ""

<„„„, i -.nun, i"

I.,.,.,,.,. M„,H, IIII

|,„„| -| , .|,| IIII ■'

K.M.Iii,«>l.^lit II"

James Button 120

Jacob Button '-"-

John Bidner 12

R, I, ,, I. ,,.-..„, IV IS

w, n,i,i„ >inii.;,i iiii

Boberl Slaghl ""

Al„„l Mm,.' "II

.1 Iiii 3 P C II"

"•■in. Teals...

i utile ""

I lit!

»Todorlcl I uflbi <

illln.Ji II"

John While

Jo ipb Wilgus 10

S, I Uii-1,1

I p Wright 2U

1 Whitehead ""

".,,,. Whll 05


.I,.,,,..- WalUn, eat

Joseph Wallln M

l-,„„ Wllllama

Edmund WUllama ""

John Wills " :;

Samuel Wills, Ji

, foul 30

outs, Dtrectoi -. and Com-
il the Stale Bank «'

" >','„;/. If

J.ihi, u-il, Bartla Johnson, Torn ftl ongh, Michael Button, Jo-

leph Conn, Daniel Tuttlo, Thomas Bhepb nl

i „ , , . i, irli Huiison, Ml liael O'Connor, Benjamin Prii ki I

I ii, In, I,', I in tin- properties assessed were I Blave,
wvnnl bj John Bedell : 95 bones, 842 cattle, ■•
:1 ii, I ::•■ rocking-chairs." ' »l forges, John Budd owned
a half of one, I.. M, De< lamp, a half; John B. Dick-
ereon, two; M. F. Dickerson, i; Benjamin Hay-
ward, : Alumni Hathaway, one; Samuel Johnson,

ahalf; Seely Leach, a half; Josiah Munson, Joseph
Perry.a half; John Smith, one; Robert Slaght,a half.







I - ,

1 J.ihi



Of saw-mills, John I'-. Dickerson, M. F. Dickerson,
Anthony Heminover, and Charles Randolph each
owned one, and < lharlea Randolph owned a gristmill.
The assessed valuations of improved lands ranged
from 50 cents to$l per acre, and of unimproved lands
from 1" to 7o cents. The total regular assessment
aggregated $214.06, the road-tax 1322.21, mid the
dog-tax $18.81.


Appended is a copy of an indenture made in 1808

on behalf of John Chambers, a ; r child of the

town :

•iiii- i\hi sii BEmadethU twenty-ninl In the year

of qui Lo, i Irod and Bight WitnesseUi that John WDJ-

Byrem overseers of the pour of the township of Byram


\i,, , Hum and Lemuel D camp Justices of tho peaaaof Sussex County

..I nam Subscribed ",.>,-• pul and plao I ..,,'1 by these

Id belonging to said

town unto Bnmnel Wrlglitof Hie place above ntloned ..itli him to

.1..-1I ..ml aorve for the term of six yean and Ore months nntill he shall
„m. to tin lull ,-•• of twenty-one years all which lime he a*
printlce lii< -iii- 1 master faithfully -li,.ll serve Ms secrete keep and His
Luwfull commands every where gladly obey be ihall da no hart lo bis

-,i.l nuutei noi Buffet II to be done by others wltl i givi

there of to his said master ;.t cards dice nor no nnlawfull ga he -lull

not play where by he may injure his said mastei he shall not commit

mtract mi, iy ..in, iii the said term bnl In all

things demean himself t" hta - dd master and mistress becomeing an ap-

,,i the said Wrigbl dotb corenanl and agree with
overset-^ thai he ..ill allow luffldeot meat drink apperrel washing aud

Siting fur such apprlntloe and to do in- bi >l Indevlmu
him in ill- .-nl "i tanning and ahoemaklng and ..t Expiration of aald term
give iiii, I nil ... him ili- laid apprinttce besides teaching to read write
i,ml Cypher so tlial he ..ill be abel to keep bis own books of a<
roll ofSnndaj clothes Btting all parts of his bodj l.-i, Ira good every day
lothea an " """ " f " ] '" h th "

partioe bind themselves to Each other by thi Ii I with onjr

I dated this 29th day of Marcl I mr l..,rd 1808.

"John Wili ,.' -.
"Nil kolas Byeam,

"I, EMI I I "I 0AKP, ttiMlUX,

" AllRAM "IN',

' \l


Hi K.ix


The act creating the township of Byram,
Feb. 5, 1798, sets forth as follows:

•• Win kims. u imiiii-r ,.f ih- Inhabitants ol the township ol

. ,iv of Sussex, by their peUUon have sol forth that Ibey labor
aat ex rent of the
r..,,.! township; for the remedy thei

■ ""' u '•


ahlpol Newton lying to the aooth of the following I
nlng in ili- road that leads from the rod meeting-house, on the WaUklU,
,.,.. where the line between " u lyal n and Bewi in

tliwesterl] aideol the Long moa lowa,whi, -ilycourao

to ii,- height of said mountain, bel Itahi ,1- and ll-r-

n„ii, Mill, -in,'-; from thonco a straight Une to within one chain of the
rlysldooftho place known by the nameol the Narrows, ou
the road leading from Newton S

thence the Dime course to the Independence line -shall be, and the same
im the township ol Newton; and the samo Is hereby
ite township, In be called bi the nai f ' Byram '"

The name was chosen as a murk of honor to the
Byram family, who located in the township perhaps



shortly after the close of the Revolution, and of whom
the head in 1798 was Jephthah Byram.

The inhabitants of the township met at the house
of Adam Turner, innholder, on the second Monday
in April, 1798, for the purpose of holding their first
town election. The following persons were chosen on
that occasion : Moderator, Jephthah Byram ; Town
Clerk, Samuel Landon ; Collector, Jephthah Byram ;
Assessor, Simeon Dickerson; Judges of Appeals,
Anthony Heminover, Samuel Landon, Jonathan
Hunt; Chosen Freeholders, Silas Dickerson, An-
thony Heminover; Surveyors of Highways, Benja-
min Pitney, Andrew Rose; Overseers of the Poor,
Nicholas Byram, Abijah Chambers ; Constable, John
Cooper ; Judge of Election, Asahel Lovewell ; Town
Committee, Andrew Rose, Michael Dixon, David S.
Canfield ; Overseers of Roads, Adam Turner, David
S. Canfield, Simeon Dickerson, Anthony Heminover,
Benjamin Pitney, William Seig.

At a special meeting held at Samuel Landon 's, Sept.
15, 1798, the sum of $20 was voted for incidental
charges, and $170 ordered to be raised to discharge
balance due to the township of Newton. The records
fail to show what was done at the election in 1799. The
following were chosen annually from 1800 to 1880 to
be judges of election, clerks, assessors, and collectors :

1800-1, J. Byram ; 1S02, S. Landon ; 1803-5, S. Dickerson ; 180G, J. Dick-
erson ; 1807, L. De Camp ; 1808, S. Dickerson ; 1809-10, E. Contlit ;
1811, D. Perry; 1812, S. Johnson; 1813, D. Perry; 1814, J. Kose;
1815, D. Perry; 1810-30, J. Kose; 1831, H. Munson; 1832-33, D.
Jackson; 1834-36, A. Itose; 1837, D. Jackson ; 1838, A. Rose; 1839,
no record; 1840-42, D. Jackson ; 1843-44, A. McKain; 1845, A. A.
Smalley; 1846-52, A. McKain; 1853-60, P. Smith; 1861, J. M.
Knight; 1S62, C. S. Lepurt; 1S03, S. 0. Lowrance; 1864-72, W. H.
Stacklmuse; 1873-77, S. M. Crosson; 1878-80,* C. J. Cornell.

1800-1, S. Dickerson; 1802, D. S. Canfield; 1803-4, M.Dixon; 1805-12,
J. Rose; 1813, E. Condit; 1814-38, J. Mnnson; 1839, no record;
1840-45, J. White; 1846-48, C. S. Leport ; 1849, A. G. King; 1850, C.
Munson; 1851-57, C. Leport ; 1858-02, E. A. Reeder; 1863-64, J. S.
Van Aredale; 1865, S. S. White; 1866-67, W. T. Leport; 1868-69, S-
0. Lowrance; 1870-80, J. McConnell.

1800-1, S. Dickerson ; 1802-5, M. Dixon: 1806-9, D. Perry; 1810-10, S.
Dickerson ; 1817-21, J. B. Dickerson ; 1822-25, L. M. De Camp ; 1826
-31, A.S.Lawrence; 1832, A.Lawrence; 1833-38, J.White; 1839,
no record; 1840-42, J. McGowen ; 1843-44, A. S. Lawrence ; 1845-48,
L. De Witt, Jr. ; 1849, F. F. Thompson ; 1850, A. S. Lawrence ; 1851,
L. Dewitt; 1852, A. S. Lawrence ; 1853-57, William White ; 1858-59,
J. C. McConnell; 1860-61, William White; 1862, H. A. Franks;
1863-80, J. McMickle.

1800-10, J. Rose; 1817, J. Bedell; 1818-33, A. McKain; 1834-36, A.
S. Lawrence; 1837, H. Munson ; 1838, A. McKain ; 1839, no record;
1840-42, A. McKain; 18+3-49, William White; 1850-55, J. White;
1856-59, A. Durham; 1860, II. A. Franks; 1861-62, J. S. Van Ars-
dale ; 1863, W. H. Stackliouso ; 1864, W. White; 1865-66, J. L. Cbilr-
sen ; 1867-80, J. H. Case.

At the town-meeting held in 1880 there were voted
$1500 for reads; $1000 for schools ; $200 for the poor;
$800 for town purposes.

i 1880, 340 votes polled at the general election.

The school district called Stanhope, and numbered
37, had doubtless a school before 1800, although at
the first town-meeting no money was set apart for
the support of schools. The first school at Stanhope
touching which there is now human recollection
was taught in 1815 by a Wilmot Howell, who was in
his day a somewhat noted merchant of New York
City. He met with financial reverses, lost his busi-
ness and fortune, and in the course of subsequent
wanderings visited Stanhope, where he encountered
an old friend in Richard Lewis, then the landlord of
the village tavern and proprietor of the grist-mill.
Lewis was exceedingly anxious to provide school
privileges for his children, and proposed to Howell
that if he would stop and teach school a school-room
would be prepared in the upper story of the grist-
mill. Howell assented and opened the school, much
to the gratification of the parents of families ; but,,

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 118 of 190)