James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 119 of 190)
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unfortunately, Howell, despite his ability as a teacher,
marred his usefulness by a fondness for strong drink,
and after a six months' term as teacher retired from
the task to become again a wanderer. Not long after
that he died a pauper's death in the Morris County

Before his death, in 1807, Silas Dickerson projected
and nearly completed a building on the Morris County
side of the river, which he intended for an academy,
and which he himself promised to foster and encour-
age. His death left the enterprise unfinished, and so
it remained ever after. A school was taught a while
in one of the rooms of the structure and religious
meetings were held therein, but education never ob-
tained a permanent foothold there.

The first school-house built in Stanhope was erected '
upon the site of the present one in 1818, and measured
about 20 by 30. Before 1818 school was held as op-
portunity sewed, but opportunities were irregular
and uncertain. The house now in use — a two-story
frame with two departments— was built in 1855. The
average attendance is 110, out of an enrollment of
185. A. B. Cope is the principal, and Miss Julia
Cottrell assistant. The district trustees are Joseph
H. Bissell, George C. Herrtck, and A. S. Wills.

In the Waterloo School District there was no school
before 1840, for until that time there was scarcely any
effort to concentrate a settlement, and Lockwood
school supplied all needs. The first school-house
built at Waterloo was erected in 1840, and is still
doing duty. It is a stone structure, stands a quarter
of a mile east of the village, and has an average at-
tendance of 40, out of an enrollment in the district of
100. The trustees for 1880 were S. R. Smith, N. Cas-
sidy, and J. Chamberlain. The teacher was Miss E.
J. Shorter.

The first school-house in the Roseville District was
built in 1812, upon a site about half a mile west of
the present one. The teachers there the first year
were Rachel Horton and William Merrin. In 1816



the children who attended school there included those
of the Buttons, the Wrights, Whites, < lonns, and Mc-

Kains. The sei 'I house was built in 1826. The

present house is the third one The firs! Lockwood
tehool-house was a frame, built in 181 6, and occupied
| place three-quarters of a mile south of the present
,,ii.'. Theearliest teachers were Andrew McLay, Mr.
Doyle, and Mr. Richardson. Before the date named
a school was taught by Nathan Solomon in the old
De Camp forge -building, at Old Andover. The

present house al Lockwood is a -t edifice, built

in is.'io. The trusters lor 1880 were Elmer Hemin-
bver, Martin Helms, and Hyler.

v.— cm itfiiKs.


As early as 1820 a Methodist class was organized at
Lockwood, and after holding services as opportunitj
for preaching offered, during a period of fifteen years,
;,i the district Bchool-house, bujll a church edifice in
183S, and on the Hist of October of that year dedi-
cated it. It was a large framed house, and in it
Methodists from far and near assembled regularly
tor worship l<>r several year-, one of the earliest and
iifo-i faithful of the class-leaders being Delancey
Met 'onnell, a cheer) blacksmith, who wielded the
sledge at Lockwood with much vigor, and with equal
energy devoted himself on the Sabbaths to pointing
the way along religion's inviting path. The first
trustees chosen by the Bociety were John Smith. An-
drew Rose, and Alexander McKain, all of whom were
men of mark not only in ordinary all'airs of the com-
munity, but in church matter- as well. .V burial-
place was laid OUt at the church in 1885, but long

before that similar grounds had been located at
Waterloo and near Stanhope. All of these, however.

are now in disuse. Service, were held at Lockwood

with more or less regularity until 1859, when, a major
portion of the members withdrawing for convenience'
sake i" Waterloo, the Lockw I church was aban-


Although the .Methodists at Waterloo Went to

church occasionally at Lockwood until 1859, the)
bad organized a home class previous to that time
under the leadership of Peter Smith, and were hold-
ing services in the district school-house. In 1859
they built the present house of worship, and then
wint no more to Lockwood.

From I8.V.I to l.XNO the ehnreh has had as pastors

Revs, <!. T. Jackson, A. II. Brown, Mr. Wambaugh,
.1. B. Heward, W. W. Voorhees, T. S. Hag
William II. McCormick, I. C. Meyhan, W. C. Nel-
lon, and ( leorge Miller. The class-leaders have been

Bi - t '. Aver-, Peter Smith, John Burrell, and Syl-

vanns Lawrence. The membership in December,

[880, was 80. The trustees were then S. T. Smith,
S. R, Smith, P. D. Smith, V A. Smith, O. R. Van

born, W. N. Cray, Elmer Hunt, William Hunt, and

1'. Hubert. The Sunday-school superintendent was
s. T. Smith.


Methodist preachers penetrated to Stanhope shortly
alter the beginning of the nineteenth century, and in
1810 or 1812 organized a class. Meetings were held in
dwellings and in a building put up in South Stanhope
bySilas Dickerson tor an academy. When the village
school-house was built it served as a temple of worship
for all religious denominations, !>ut there was no reg-
ular preaching until about 1840. There was then a
class of perhaps in members, of whom Abram L. < 'lark
was leader, and affairs were pushed forward so briskly
that the erection of a church edifice was begun in

1843, and completed in season to permit the dedica-
tion, April II. 1844. Tin- first trustees were Andrew

Rose, John Rowland, A. A. Smalley, Stull, and

Martin. The first Quarter!) Meeting in stan-
hope was held iii 1841, by Rev. Manning Force, in

the loft of what was known as the " Storage-house,"

located on the canal-bank. Anion- the earliest pas-
tors tie- names of only Revs. Decker, Lawhead, and
John Scarlet can he recalled.

The church membership, December, 1880, was
about 140. Rev. George Miller, on the Stanhope and
Waterloo charge, was then the pa-tor. Tie trustees
were Amos Smith, John Osboru, R. F. Baldwin,
Isaac Kennieutt. Isaac Shields, and James Mel 'on-
nell. The Sunday-school superintendent was R, F.

Although occasional Roman Catholic services have
been held at Stanhope lor many years by priests from

Hackettstown, a church was not erected until L880.

It stand- in South Stanhope, and wa- dedicated l>c-

cember 8th of the year mentioned. The congregation
then included about fifty families. The trustees were
Ja - Toddand Philip Caldwell.


The first Presbyterian sermon heard in Stanhope
was probably delivered by Rev. Holloway W. Hunt.

of l'lea-ant drove, in 1S::C,. He occupied the village

Bchool-house, which until 1844 wa- the only available
local temple of worship. In 1837, Rev. Joseph C.

Moore, of Succasunna Plains, preached for the Stan-
hope l'l'e-l.yterian-. ami at In- SUggi stion application
wa- made to the I'le-hvlery of Newark lor a church

organization. In response to that application, Rev.
Asa Hilly, r ami Elder Cyrus 1'.. Byram visited Stan-
hope. .Inn, II. Is: ;s. armed with authority to organize
a church should the way pro\ e clear. Twenty - even
persons presenting themselves with letters of di-mis-

-iou from the Succasunna < Ihurch and petitioning for
organization as a church, were -o organized a- " The
First Presbyterian Church of Stanhope, N.J." Their

name- were :

lllnun Hitler, Klliabelh Mill.-. «if.' of UInun),J ph W '

Hmrj Inn Manning wUeofJ.'Vi , Miriam ManM »c ■ f Jotlah),




Josiah Munson, Ezekiel B. Henion, Jane Heuion (wife of E. B.), Jo-
sephus Sands, Maria Sands (wife of J.), Caleb Ayres, Lueinda Ayres
(wife of C), Nancy L. Thompson (wife of J. L.), Marinda Thompson
(Mrs. Vance), Eliza Lloyd [wik of E. A.), Arabella Doxtader (wire
of George), Susan Wells (wife of Thomas), Rebecca Lawrence (wife
of Jacob), Ann Maria Lewis (wife of Charles), Maria Lewis, Frances
H. Lewis (Mrs. Hann), Amanda Danly (wife of S.). Elizabeth Hann
(wife of Peter), Margaret Decker (wife of F.), Charity Mandeville,
Eineline Hayward (Mrs. Alpaugh), George Ilenick.

Joseph AV. Maiming and Hiram Miller were chosen
elder and deacon respectively, and on the second Sab-
bath in July, 1838, Rev. Joseph C. Moore held the
first sacramental service.

Mr. Moore continued to preach for the Stanhope
Church until late in 1838, when for a year or more
thereafter irregular services were held by Revs. Frame,
Kellogg, Johnson, Cleaveland, and Cochrane.

Early in 1840, Rev. Enos A. Osborn preached in
Stanhope and taught school at Suceasunna. In the
summer of 1840 he was engaged as stated supply for
the Stanhope Church, and remained so for a period of
about three years. During his ministry 19 members
were added. There was at this time an exciting stir
over the secession to Mormonism of a few members
of the church who listened to the seductive voices of
two traveling Mormon priests and were baptized by
them at midnight in the waters of the canal. Popular
indignation drove the priests from the town, and then
the deluded ones lost no time in returning to the fold.

The first resident minister was Rev. Nathaniel
Elmer, who began his labors in 1843 and remained a
year, during which he busied himself successfully in
obtaining subscriptions for the erection of a church
edifice, which cost $2000, was completed late in 1844,
and dedicated Jan. 1, 1845, the services on that occa-
sion being conducted by Revs. AVood, Osborn, and
Moore. In 1845, Rev. John Ward was engaged as pas-
tor and continued the relation three years, and from
1849 to 1850 Rev. Stephen D. Ward was stated supply.
Rev. Asahel Bronson took charge Sept. 10, 1850, and
ended his service Nov. 10, 1851. After that depend-
ence was upon supplies until 1852, when Rev. Oliver
AV. Norton entered the pastorate and remained from
June, 1852, to February, 1854. From 1854 to 1870,
Revs. Robert Crossett, Alexander O. Peloubet, O. H.
P. Deyo, Chas. Milne, S. A. Stoddard, and Jas. Mor-
ton occupied the pulpit. April 10, 1870, Rev. John
J. Crane became the pastor, and so remained until
April 18, 1880, when he resigned. During his min-
istry 02 members were added. Since 1838 the church
has received 204 members, of whom about 60 remained
Dec. 1, 1880.

The church building, which was enlarged and im-
proved in 1868 and 1869, at a cost of $3000, is a sub-
stani i:i I ami commodious structure.

The trustees in 1880 were Aaron S. AVills, C. J.
Cottrell, J. D. Lawrence, J. S. Wills, D. L. Best,
Gilbert Chardavoyne, and M. R. King. J. S. Davi-
son is the superintendent of the Sunday-school, which
has an average attendance of 35.


The village of Stanhope lies upon the Musconet-
cong River, at the extreme southern point of Byrani
township. The village proper, occupying territory in
Sussex County, contained in July, 1880, a population
of 672. South Stanhope, lying in Morris County,
across the river, was created mainly by the location
there of the Morris and Essex railway station, and
has a population of about 600.

""Stanhope has been identified since 1800, to a greater
or lesser extent, with the manufacture of iron, but at
no time within its history to so great a degree as at
present. In the earlier days two iron-forges, a grist-
mill, saw-mill, etc., comprised the town's business
interests. In 1825 the completion of the Morris
Canal added to those, interests, as Stanhope did con-
siderable in the way of receiving and shipping canal
freights fur the upper country until the completion of
the Sussex Railroad. In 1841 the establishment of
the Sussex Iron- Works at that point helped the vil-
lage along, and. in 1864 a greater and more enduring
prosperity was supplied by the creation of the exten-
sive business enterprise known as the Musconetcong

AVho bestowed the name Stanhope upon the village
and just whv it was bestowed are unanswerable ques-
tions, but the presumption is fair that the English
people first resident there christened it after the
somewhat noted Stanhopes of England. Certain it
is that the place was known by that name about 1800",
and mayhap before. Not far from that date Silas
Dickerson and Seely Canfield had two iron-forges
there, and carried on also a grist-mill and saw-mill.
There was plenty of ore in the neighborhood, and
the village was composed mainly of the forge pro-
prietors and their employees. They had also a small
store to accommodate the country-folks who came to
mill, and added in a little time a nail-making ma-
chine. In 1807, Silas Dickerson was accidentally
killed in the nail-factory, and in 1810 Canfield left
the locality. The village continued to live, however,
for the forges and mills were pressed into service by
other active hands, and then, too, the opening, in
1807, of the Elizabeth and Newton road, known as
the Union turnpike, gave Stanhope excellent means
of communication with the outer world and counted
as a help. On that road Simeon Dickerson opened
a village tavern in 1810, in the house earlier used by
Seely Canfield as a dwelling, and now composing a
portion of Knight's hotel.

John Lewis, aged eighty, and now Stanhope's
oldest resident, was born in Morris County, and in
1815 came to Stanhope with his father, Richard
Lewis, who in that year took possession as landlord
of the tavern-stand opened in 1810 by Simeon Dick-
erson. In 1815, Abram Hathaway and Josiah Mun-
son carried on the upper forge as well as a saw- and
grist-mill, while a Mr, Roland had the. lower forge
and a saw-mill. There were the tavern, a black-



smith's shop, and perhaps a dozen dwelling-houses,
Imi there was no atore. Nbrwas there a -tun- until
1817, when M. V. Dickereon opened a wry shabby
affair on the turnpike, upon a 3pot now occupied bj
fin canal-basin. In 1819, Gamaliel Bartlett bought
Hie upper forge, grist-mill, and tavern, and conducted
:ijl of the enterprises until 1825.

In 1823 the Stanhope post-office was established,
bid Gamaliel Bartletl appointed postmaster, the office
Being kept at the tavern, which was known as the
Stanhope Bouse. Andrew A. Smalley, who was the
-.mm! postmaster, was a clerk in Robert Bell's atore,
ami there the oilier was then located. The succes-

in Tillage practice was Dr. Hedges, whosi

idence extended over about fifteen years. The til-
lage physicians in December, 1880, were Drs. C. K.
I lav i -on, C. R. Ni M mm. and < '. F. Cochran.
Among the residents of Stanhope who have lived

in the village forty year- or more may be named John

Lewis, A, L. 'lark. Isaac Hathaway. Amo- Smith,
\. G. King, J. M. Knight, Joseph Bissell, and Wil-
liam Atno.

Olive Lodge, No. II. /. 0. 0. F.— Although nol or-
ganized until May ,s, IS?'.'. Olive I.in|._ r e hear- the
number allotted to a lodge organized in Stanhope
many years before that, and long Bince dissolved.

pre postmasters thereafter at Stanhope were Charles The charter members numbered five. Their names

Lewis, Edwin Post, A. G. King, A. \. Smalley, Elias
Woodruff, John Van Arsdale, \. G. King, William
i ;. Leportj and John Van Arsdale.

. In 1823, Bartlett & Rhodes opi ned the se id at ire,

and alter them it was kept by Jacob Lowrance and
Mr. Van Deeren, but then' was no place of trade
worthy of much commendation until Robert I'. Bell
kill and opened his atore in I 838.

\i 1840 the iron-forges at Stanhope were aban-
doned, because, doubtless, of the exhaustion of wood
and fuel, bul in !>!! the iron interests were revived
at thai point by Edwin Post, of New York, who rep-
resented the Sussex Iron Company (a corporation
formed for making iron at Stanhope . and who then

made what is alleged to have 1 n the first effort

known in the State of New Jersey looking to the
treatment of magnetic ore- with anthracite coal. He
built upon the -it.- of the present works two furnaces,
Bach in by 80, and each having a capacity of 10 to is
daily. He employed water-power at the beginning,
had a force Of from twenty-live to thirty men irl

making an instantaneous success of the undertaking,
Added in no slight measure to the growth of Stan hope.

In 1846 the company put in ate wer and moved

prosperously forward until 1853. In that year Post
experimented with franklinite, from which hi
p.i-ed to make zinc as well as iron at n considerable
profit. Unfortunately, hi- apparatus i xploded while

and offices were as follows: William Weller, N. <!.:

Samuel Peterson, V. G. ; .1. W. Campbell, Sec;
Thomas McGinnis, Treas. ; 0. W. Elmer, G. In
December, 1880, the membership was 50, and the

officers were ii. W. Elmer, N. <;.: .1. W. Campbell,
V. (I.; William Weller, See.; Thomas McGinnis,



Waterloo— so named, it i- -aid. because of the
plentiful aupply of water thereabout — was known as

i lid Andover more than a hundred year- ago, when

there was on the ground a blast-furnace, a Hire forge,

and a refinery.

The present village property was once a portion of
a traet of 1 1,000 acres id' Jersey lands owned by 'Wil-
liam I'eini and his brother early in the eighteenth
Century. Vbout 17(10 they sold considerable of the

territory to Allen & Turner, two Englishmen, who

in 17li-'! set up OH the place now occupied by Waterloo

rillage a blast-furnace, a forge, and refinery, which

they carried on in connection with iron-works at An-
dover. The forge stond up'eHi a Bpot a few yards

ip. die -i of the grist-mill ..t Smith Brothers, and
east of the forge was a grist-mill, whose ruins maj yel

I..- seen. The foundations of the old coal-house used

bj \ 1 l-ii c; Turner are a portion of the present grist-

I'he ir. u manufactured by Allen *v Turner was

the experiment was in progress, and the works, taking conveyed from the Musconetcong valley upon pack-

lire, were utterly destroyed. That ended the active
ions of the Sussex Iron Company at Stanhope,
and until 1864 the properly lay idle. The tv\ :
the business in that year is narrated in (he histi
the Museonctong Iron-Works.

Before there was a resident physician at Stanhope

horses and mules through the n Is to the Delaware,

and thence shipped to market. The manufacturers
were, however, unfriendly to thi Federal cause during
the Revolution, and as a result their works suffered
confiscation, and contributed thereafter their product
tu the government. At these work-, it is said, the

ipctors were usuall) .ailed from Drakesville. Prob- government produced about the only iron manufac-

ubly the first doctor to take up his habitation in the
town was Dr. John Dayton, who came in 1884 from
be|..w Morristown and remained two or three years.
Dr. Isaac Munn, afterwards of Philadelphia, took the

ii vacant by Dr. Dayton, and tarried a I t -i\

year-. .Meanwhile. Dr. .1. I). Mills cam and

1 nine years. Afterwards came Drs. Bell,
iiuan, llul-hi/er. Hedges, Struble, Neldon,

Hired in the country thai could be relied upon iuva-

. j i. id -i. el for th<- manufacture of fire-arms.

Shortly after (he close of (he Revolutionary war the

works were abandoned bi nuse of the exhaustion of

the supply of wood-fuel, and for year- thereafter the

locality now called Wai. r wa- a barren waste. In

1790, John Smith, who had been a "bo - collier" at
die Andover iron-works, joined hi- brother Samuel in

■ii. Davison, and Cochran. Of these the longest leasing the land lying about Waterloo, and



their brothers George and Daniel to assist them in
farming the tract. There were at that time upon the
site of Waterloo six stone and five framed houses that
had been earlier occupied by the people engaged at the
works, but which were then abandoned. The broth-
ers selected the best of the dwellings for residences,
and, in addition to their farming labors, engaged in
the manufacture of flax in the old mill building.
Before they had proceeded very far in that enterprise
the mill was burned, and the flax business came to an
end in that locality. The Smiths had a fifteen years'
lease of the property, but at the end of ten years dis-
posed of it to Isaiah Wallin and moved to Schooley's
Mountain. Wallin farmed the place five years, and
in 1805 John Smith purchased it and hired Joseph
Wallin to work it.

In 1820, John Smith came from Schooley's Moun-
tain and located on Lubber's Run, a mile above
Waterloo, for the purpose of making iron in a bloom-
forge. Settlements were few and far between in the
neighborhood at that time, but about then other
forges were set up on Lubber's Run at Columbia,
Lockwood, and Roseville. Mr. Smith was assisted by
his sons Peter and Nathan, and with them he also
built a store and founded a small settlement at the
forge, which took the name of Old Andover, from the
earlier settlement farther down the stream. When
the Morris Canal pushed its way to where Waterloo
now is, Mr. Smith's sons abandoned the upper loca-
tion and moved a mile down the stream. There they
built a store, grist-mill, and tavern, and, as the local-
ity became at once a depot for the transshipment from
the canal for goods destined for the country north and
west, business was brisk, and Waterloo thrived apace.

In 1849 a mule railroad was built from the Andover
mines to Waterloo for the purpose of transporting the
ore, and these shipments via canal at Waterloo, to-
gether with the traffic with the interior by means of
freight teams hauling goods from the Waterloo ter-
minus of the canal, made the village a lively business
centre. After the Sussex Railroad was built, however,
all this was changed, and Waterloo lapsed into its
present quietude.

The business interests of the village have always
remained in the hands of the Smith family. Samuel
T. Smith, Seymour R. Smith, and P. D. Smith, grand-
sons of John Smith, who started the forge at Old
Andover in 1820 and remained there until his death,
carry on the store and grist-mill at the village, and,
with other members of the family, control upwards of
2000 acres of adjacent lands, upon which there are
numerous valuable iron-mines. Pour hundred acres
of the 2000 lie in Morris County ; the rest are in By-
ram. The Waterloo post-office has been held by a
Smith since it was created. Peter Smith was the
first postmaster, and his son Seymour R. the second
and present incumbent.

As already indicated, Waterloo of the present is
but a small hamlet, but a quietly picturesque spot set

in a valley from which tower close at hand Schooley's
Mountain and the Allamuchy range. About a quarter
of a mile from the village may be seen the remnant
of what was once an Indian graveyard, where numer-
ous jagged headstones proclaim how the savages
sought in their crude way to set a sign upon the last
resting-places of their dead. These relics have been
scrupulously respected by the Messrs. Smith, owners
of the land, and, although the plowshare has freely
invaded the domain about them, it has not been per-
mitted to disturb the bones of the long-departed
children of the forest.

Tradition narrates that just west of Waterloo there
was once an important Indian village where grand
councils and periodical celebrations called thither
great numbers of red men from even distant points.
To this day Indian relics, such as stone arrow-heads
and hatchets, are frequently found in the vicinity.

In the churchyard at Waterloo is the grave of John
Humphries, who came from Kidderminster, England,
to America for the purpose of establishing the manu-
facture of carpets. The first Brussels carpet put
down in the national capitol is said to have been
manufactured by him. He became wrecked in for-
tune, and retired to Waterloo to spend the closing
days of life.


In 1864 a company of New York capitalists pur-
chased the property at Stanhope formerly occupied by
the works of the Sussex Iron Company and the Stan-
hope Iron Company, and, obtaining a charter as " The
Musconetcoug Iron-AVorks,'^ J. D. Condit, of New
York, being chosen president, with a capital of $500,-
000, began at once the erection of a large blast-fur-
nace with a stack measuring 70 by 1J. Dr. G. G.
Palmer was placed in charge, and/ in 1S66 the first
blast was blown in. Ores were obtained from ad-
jacent mining lands, and in 1868 the construction of
a second and larger furnace was begun. In 1869 the

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 119 of 190)