James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 120 of 190)
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works passed to the control of Messrs. A. Pardee &
Co., of Philadelphia, who continued to operate under
the old charter, and prosecuted the improvements
begun in 186S. The second furnace, with a stack
measuring 80 by 20, was completed in 1S70.

The works as at present appointed are claimed to
be equal to any in the country of similar capacity.
The motive-power used is supplied by two steam-
engines, which cost upwards of $50,000, and maintain
respectively a 200 and 300 horse-power. The works
proper occupy about 10 acres and employ a force of
one hundred and forty men. At the mines upwards
of two hundred men are employed. These mines are
mainly in Morris County, although there are some in
Sussex and Warren Counties. The company owns
some of the mining lands, but rents the major por-
tion. The ores are chiefly magnetic, and include also
limonitc. The total annual yield of the works ag-
gregates 40,000 tons of pig iron, including " No. 2



Foundry" ami" ( iray Forge." From 50,000 to 60, I

tons of coal are consumed yearly.

The officers of the i pany are A. Pardee, of

Hazleton, president, and II. II. Wilson, of Philadel-
phia, secretary and treasurer. l>r. G. G. Palmer,
jrho took charge of the work* in lsii-1, served as super-
intendent until 1878, when he was succeeded hy the

presi m superintendent, !■'.. S. Moffatt.


Mi ssrs. Sands .v • Ihidester introduced the business
pi tanning at Stanhope ahout L840. In 1854, C. J.
i nit rr 1 1 became possessed of the business, and in 1866
the tannery was burned. In L867, J. II. Egbert built

the present tannery, ami, in 1868, C. J. Cottrell pur-
chased it, and carries it mi In the present day. He

is mainly occupied in producing rough leather.


Bj ram's soil is bi tifully underlain with iron ores,

which for more than a century have been utilized in
Valuable manufactures, and promise mm to supply
rial for similar purposes for perhaps a century to

The Stanhope or Elude .Mine, ahouta mile north
.,i Stanhope, is worked by the Musconetcong Iron-
works, Inn is nol counted on for a verj important
yield. The first openings were made there in L802by
Jonathan Dickerson, who smelted the ores at the
Loci (i I forge and manufactured scythes, for which

purpose the iron was said to lie well adapted.

The Roseville Mine, III the centre of the town-llip.

i- an old mine from which vasl quantities of on- have
ctracted. Since 1868 ti has been worked by
the \ adover Iron I lompany,

The Smith Mine, two mill's east of Waterloo, i-
being worked l>\ the Coplaj Iron Company of Penn-
sylvania. Tlnre are two veins measuring 8 feet and I
feet wide respectively. The miners have in one gone
to a depth of I"' 11 feet, and in the other but 25. The

Coplay Iron Company have been engaged there since

A mine a quarter of a mile easl of the lasl named
is operated by a New Jersey company. There are
the Clarkson Bird Mine, easl of Cranberry Marsh,
and the Byerly openings, near Roseville, where red

hematite is found.

The reader is also referred to the rep. nt by the

igisl for 1868, for much of interest in rela-
tion to the iion-mine~ of I'.vraiu.

\ so-called .silver-mine was discovered near \\ ater-
loo in 1764, and, as the impression speedily gained
that the ore contained silver, there was no little stir
over the matter. Samples were forwarded for analysis,
and when the alleged silver turned oul to be iron
pyrites there was much woeful gloom and conster-
nation among many enthusiasts. Operations were
conducted al the mine some years, and there was al

One time at thai point a small hamlet, as well as

There is a granite-quarry on the line of thi 3n
Railroad, occupying a portion of the Applegate and

A Hi- tract. < Iperation- wire inaugurated there about

1875, hut the cost of transportation made the work
unprofitable, and the quarry was therefore abandoned.
The stom is susceptible cl a high polish, and ic and
to be much esteemed for building purposes.


I'll, nlur of people between the ages of sixty

■Hid sixts liv ..- living in I.vrain is til',, two. I h rear.-
thirty-six between sixty-live and seventy year-, and
twenty-six who are aged seventy and upwards. Those
aged -ixty-live and over are named herewith:

Uuo, 80; Andrew Boat, 06; Mary J. Bait, CO; I
71: Jonathan Bradbury, 67 ; Martha Baldwin, 67; Joseph Bllnko,
80; Sarah Boll, 80; Slollio Benson, 12 ; Clark Bird, 70; Abram I..
Clark, 7": Mary A. Clark, 70; Mar] A. Clark, 67; Maria I
it,, Cornelius Corby, 71; Joseph Conn, B8; WHIIu
Eliza Durllng, MS; John Pountaii I Betsoj

i.., , ronal in P. Hand, 68; Jacob Hnyler, 66; Anthony

n iver,68; William lleldobraud, 80; Alfred Hulmes,6 ■ . i ■

Hem ■ 70; I >ai Hathaway, 7^; Philip Hayw I, 74; Jamea

Hamillun, 56; Hargaral Hamilton, 74 ; G I Parmella

A. King, 74; Augustus G. King, 72; Anna A. Kill

I.iiml}, iv. ; John Lewis, 80; Mar} Inn Lewis, 74; Oharitj

ni'll, 7.'; Gabriel McGllI, Cf>; James W. McDonnell, 65; WUUam

McKuin, 69; Anna Hi Kaln, M . Jos ph Mi Mil

Oliver, 68; Mar) Pittenger, 79: Martin Prnden, 7": Gideon G.

Pniden, 74; John Pullman, 74; Sarah Prickett,68; Nancj

son, 65; Mathlafl Boloson, 60; Garrison M. Sandford, 71; Dennis

Si I wi, do; Maria Smith, 68; Amos Smith, 7.; ; Caroline Smith,

70; William Smith, 71; Moses Tliarp, 65; William Todd, s<>; win
liiini Wright, 67; James White, 76.


Hun. Peter Smith was born near Schooley's Moun-
tain, in Morris County, on Oct. 1, 1808, I lis grand-
father came from England and located at Sterling,
• 'range Co., V Y.. about 177". At this place In
married a lady of American birth, but Dutch descent.

He afterward- mo\e.l to Andover Furnace. In 1800

hi- father, the late Gen. John Smith, settled near

Scl ley's Mountain, from which place he removed

to Amf i'. i I ■ oni mil tof Waterloo, in |sli',.

when the Bubject of this sketch was a boy. When a
y g man he commenced the mercantile business at

Waterloo, and from that time until his demise, on

March 12, 1877, he was closely identified with the
business growth and interests of thai section of the
State. His brother Nathan, who at one time repre-
sented Busses Countj in the Senate and Assembly,
was for man] hut in his affairs, and the

impress of the nature- of these two, and their

business tacl and skill, were felt throughout their lo-
cality for years. Sir. Smith enjoyed the implicit con-
fidence of the people, and was noted for that -trie!
integrity and high sense of persona] honor that char-



acterized many of the old and true men of Sussex
County. Though his business cares were heavy, and
his strength ofttimes severely tried, he treated all with
whom he came in contact with courtesy and kind-
ness, and his pleasant smile and cheerful greeting
were as familiar as household words. He was one of
the most lenient of creditors, and it is said that lie
never brought a suit in the courts nor invoked the
law to foreclose a mortgage. As a man, he was strong
in his attachments, his devotion to his friends being
ardent and unlimited.

In politics Mr. Smith was a Democrat, as was his
father before him, and his duty to his State and
county received that same conscientious attention
which he gave to his spiritual and business affairs.
In 1861 he was elected to the State Senate from Sus-
sex County, and filled that position with ability for
three years, and was one of the inspectors of the State
prison for some years. For a quarter of a century he
was a member of the county board of freeholders, of
which body he was for several years the director, and
the judgment and honesty of no man were more im-
plicitly relied on than his. At the meetings of the
board, so familiar had the face of Peter Smith become
to its members, that, in 1876, when his official connec-
tion with it closed, the absence was so perceptible as
to cause general comment and regret.

In religious affairs Mr. Smith was a devoted adhe-
rent to the doctrines and forms of the Methodist
Church, with which he had united early in life.
Starting in the service of God and in business life at
about the same time, his successful business career
and his devotion to the cause of religion gave him a
prominence in the direction of religious affairs which
few attained. He combined with superior business
qualifications the purest personal integrity, and with
his consecration to God, earnest activities in the ad-
vancement of Christ's kingdom. The establishment
of the Methodist Episcopal Church at AVaterloo, his
place of residence, was largely due to his personal
interest and liberality in the project, and throughout
his life thereafter that organization found cordial sup-
port and encouragement from him, and in his will he
provided that the pastor's salary should be paid and
the churchyard kept up. He was also largely inter-
ested in the cause of the church and its institutions
outside of his own immediate locality. He was ac-
tive in the organization and erection of the Newark
Conference Centenary Collegiate Institute, at Hack-
ettstown, and at the time of his death was a member
of the board of trustees of that institution and of the
Newark Conference Camp-Meeting Association. He
was also president of the Hackettstown National
Bank, having filled that position since June, 1863.
He was made a director at the organization of the
bank in June, 1855, and for several years preceding
liis death had been the only member of the original
board connected with the bank. As an officer of that
institution he was prudent, and its success is, in a

great measure, attributable to his sterling integrity
and sound judgment. He was also a director of the
Hackettstown Mutual Fire Insurance Company. He
was systematic in all his business transactions, and as
regards his personal affairs, it was a common remark
with him, " If I die to-morrow it will give very little
trouble to settle my estate."

Mr. Smith was united in marriage on Feb. 19, 1831,
to Miss Maria Johnson, daughter of Samuel T. John-
son, of Byram, who bore him a family of eleven chil-
dren, five of whom are still living, — namely, Hon.
Samuel T. Smith, senator from Sussex County from
1873 to 1876 ; Matilda A. Van Doren, wife of O. R.
Van Doren ; Peter D. Smith, Seymour R. Smith,
vice-president of the Hackettstown Bank, and N.
Augustus Smith.

All of these sons and their sister occupy handsome
residences at Waterloo, where they are engaged in
successful business operations, and obeying well the
dying injunction of their father, "Do your duty
stand by the Church ; do all the good you can in the

Mr. Smith's warmest associations were those that
clustered around his own fireside and in the sanctity
of his own home, and, surrounded by a devoted fam-
ily circle who administered ever}' consolation which
duty and affection could suggest, he passed away,
after a lingering illness, on March 12, 1877. The
news of his death was heard by many with peculiar
sadness, and by none more than those Christian min-
isters who, during forty years, found shelter and
friendship beneath his roof.


Hon. Samuel T. Smith, of Waterloo, oldest son of
Hon. Peter Smith, a sketch of whose life appears
elsewhere in this work, was born at Andover Forge,
one mile east of Waterloo, on Aug. 16, 1833. He re-
moved with his parents to his present place of resi-
dence six years later, and attended the district school
of his neighborhood in early youth. He enjoyed the
benefits of academic instruction at the Wesleyan In-
stitute, Newark, N. J., where his education was com-

At the termination of his educational training Mr.
Smith assisted his father in the mercantile and mill-
ing business until he attained his majority, a't which
time he purchased the entire business of his father
and became sole manager and proprietor of the same.
He continued to carry on an extensive trade, ranking
among the most successful business men of Sussex
County, until the year 1874, when he was succeeded
by his brothers Peter D. and Seymour R. Smith, who,
under the name and style of Smith Brothers, conduct
the business in the same manner that brought success
to their father and brother.

From the very commencement of his business life
Mr. Smith was closely identified with the various in-


I'.Yii \y\.


teresteofhis town, always taking an active and prom-
pent part in the politics of the county, and holding
many positions of trusf in the township of Byram.
He has ever been faithful to the traditions and pur-
hoses of the Democratic party. For over twenty years
he has been a member of the board of town commit-
teemen, and during the war of the Rebellion the
prompt filling of the town's quota of soldiers was
Hue in a greal measure to his energetic and patriotic
Efforts. From 1873 to 1876 he represented Sussex
Cm niy in the State Senate, occupying while a mem-
let of that body a prominent and influential place
among his fellows, and representing in a faithful and
conscientious manner the constituency thai had hon-
ored liim with its choice.

In all the relations of life into which Mr. Smith
has entered he has ever performed his duties in a
Signified and courteous manner, and with an integ-
rity of character and high-toned aense ofhouorwhich
bone can question. Following in the worthy foot-
peps of his ho ill father, he lias identified himself

in a prominent way with the institutions of the Meth-
odist Church, contributing liberally in the success and
Efficiency of its organizations and holding an influen-
tial place among tho.se to whose judgment, business
tact, and fostering care so large a share of their tem-
poral prosperity is due. 1 le is a leading member and
officer of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Water-
too, and in 1878 was elected president of the Sussex
County Bible Society, a position which he still holds.
He has hern a member of the hoard of trustees of the
Newark Methodist Episcopal Conference Seminary
il Hackettetown and of the Newark Conference Camp-
Meeting Association. He is now a director in the
North Ward National Bank of Newark, N. .'., and in
the Firs! National Bank of Washington, X. J.

J. Seward Wills is a lineal descendant of David
Wills, who, with his wife, was among the passengi rs
(hat emigrated from England in the year 1620, and,
conveyed by the historic "Mayflower," aided by
ilir favoring winds of heaven, landed at Plymouth
Rock on December llth, 0. S., of thai year. Tiny
were members of the Society of Friends. Their Bon,
Joseph, remained in England; but hi- son, John

Wills, came to America about the year 1660, and.

after looking into the affairs of his grandfather's estate,

near Burlington, \. J., went back tO his native land,

(md, gathering together -one- of his friend-, returned
Boon after to this country, and located between Bur-
lington and Philadelphia. A lew years later William
I'enii ami he were corresponding as to themosl de-
sirable point for establishing a colony . and, about the
year 1682 or 1688, I'enii arranged for Mr. Wills, who
was then a practicing physician as well as a surveyor,

to map out the plan for the city, and to mark, by

trees, rocks, and other monuments, with compass and

chain, the principal streets of the now great "City of

Brotherly Love." Tl • physical landmark- have

been effaced by the hand of time, and the dual of
him whose ingenious mind tirst defined it- regular
and systematic proportions reposes in the midst of its
ever-changing business lifi .

Samuel Wills, great-grandfather of the subject of
this sketch, was one of the seven children of Dr. John
Wills. He settled at Mendham, Morris Co., V-l..
about the year 1740, and became a large and influ-
ential tanner in that section. Washington, when
encamped with a Buffering army of patriot- at Valley
Forge, occupied his land, purchased many of his cat-
tle, and -pent considerable time at his home. Samuel
Wills lived to a great age, and died about the year
1788. He had ten children, — three son-, .lame-.
Thomas, and Samuel, and -even daughters, — of whom

Eunice became the wife of the late Abraham Hunt,

of Sussex i 'on my ; Nancy, the wife of Abrahai
per, of Chester, N. J., and mother of the late Gen.
Nathan A. Cooper of that place; Jemima, the wife of
the late l>r. John W. Leddell, of Mendham. N. J.;
Beulah, the wife of John W. Salter, of Hunterdon
Co., X. .T. ; and another, who married Col. Drake, of
Mendham, mother of Col. James W. Drake, of that
place ; Ji s married and died, leaving one daughter,

who married a Mr. Maltliy from Connecticut, and of

whose four children James W.Malthy resides in New-
ark, N. J. ; Samuel married Sarah Hunt, passed hi-
lifeas a farmer ill Mount Olive township, Morris Co.,
and died leaving descendants; Thomas, who was horn

Nov. 20, 17lit. first located at Meiidhani. ami mar-
ried, on March 5, 1790, Susan, a daughter of Samuel
Say re, who was the tirst magistrate elected to ..Mice in
the city of Newark. She was horn July 1, 170*, and
died April 24, 1841.

In the year 1800, Thomas Wills moved from Mend-
ham to where J. Seward Wills resides, near Stan-
hope, N. J. lie was an extensive farmer and large

landowner, lie died April 8, 1814. The title-deeds
for this homestead are upon parchment, dating back

about two hundred years, and are nOW held by the
Subject of this sketch. The children of Tl la-
Wills were Samuel, horn March 5, 1791, died Nov.
17,1887; Eli/a, horn May 7. 1794; John, horn Nov.

20, 1796; .lame-, born Nov. 29, 1798; Aaron, born
Nov. 4, 1800; Robert, born March is. ism : and Re-
becca, horn \1<r. 29, 1807. Samuel pa 1 his life

near Stanhope, N. .1.. and wa- actively interested in
the iron-forging and « 1 business. Eliza married

Daniel Cary, a farmer of Roxbury township, Morris
Co. Rebecca married Jacob Lawrence, a merchant

at Stanhope for many year-. Robert died unmarried.

John Will- was horn Nov. 20, 1796, at Mendham,

N. .1. When ahout fourteen year- of age he went to
Sparla. Qa., where he joined in hii-ine— with Stoke-
i\ Say re. and assisted in the erection of the first steam
saw-mill c\er built in that section. After three . «r
four year- he returned home and began Work on the



" Green farm," near Waterloo, N. J. Disposing of
this to Gen. Smith, he engaged for the remainder of
his life in various business enterprises. He was in
the mercantile business at different places, became
largely interested in agricultural and mining matters,
and the owner of about seven hundred acres of land.
He was a man of wealth and influence, a Whig and
Republican in politics, and a justice of the peace for
fifteen years. His wife was Martha Jane Seward,
daughter of Col. John Seward, of Morris County, and
granddaughter of Col. John Seward, who shot the
English spy, at Snufftown, during the Revolutionary
war. She was a second cousin of Hon. William H.
Seward. The marriage occurred Jan. 11, 1832, and
of it were born Susan Sayre Wills, Dec. 22, 1833 ;
John Seward Wills, April 6, 1835 ; Mary Elizabeth
Wills, Oct. 4, 1837 ; Anna Maria Wills, April 12,
1840 ; and Cornelia Louisa Wills, Dec. 27, 1842. Mrs.
John Wills died March 17, 1848, and Mr. Wills mar-
ried for a second wife, on Jan. 8, 1852, Mrs. Eveline
(Byerly) Rose, of whom was born Beulah Augusta
Wills, on April 19, 1861. Mr. Wills died Oct. 5, 1871.
J. Seward Wills was born on the homestead, near
Stanhope, N. J., on the date indicated above. His
early education was obtained at the district school at
Drakesville, N. J., and his studies were completed at
the Succasunna and Chester, N. J., academies. Upon
attaining his majority he entered into active business
life in partnership with his father, and after the death
of the latter he came into possession of a portion of
his father's valuable estate. To this, by judicious
management and careful investment, he has largely
added, and now owns about four thousand acres of land.
He has engaged extensively in various kinds of busi-
ness, and is recognized as one of the most discreet and
successful business men of his section. He is a man
of strict integrity and generous impulses, and enjoys
the respect and esteem of many friends. He is a Re-
publican in politics, but no office-seeker, though he
has been prominently mentioned in connection with
the nomination for State senator from Morris County.
He takes an active interest in local affairs, is a trustee
of the Stanhope Presbyterian Church and of the Union
Cemetery, and a director of the Sussex National Bank
at Newton. He was married Sept. 20, 18G4, to Mar-
garet Ann, daughter of George D. Turner, one of the
early families of the Wyoming Valley. She was born
Jan. 5, 1838, and the children have been Samuel
Sayre, Mary Leonora, John, George Turner and Fred-
erick Seward, twins, and Edwin Turner. George T.
Wills died July 18, 1875.

Edward A. Reeder was a grandson of John Reeder,
who resided at an early day near Trenton, N. J., and
a son of Absalom and Christina (Smith) Reeder, of
Easton, Pa., where his father engaged in the mercan-
tile business for some years. His brother, Andrew

H. Reeder, was territorial Governor of Kansas under
the administration of James Buchanan.

He was born at Easton on Nov. 29, 1812, and en-
joyed the ordinary school advantages of that place.


He assisted as a clerk in his father's store for some
time, and upon attaining the age of nineteen entered
the collector's office of the Morris Canal Company, at
Easton, where he remained several years. In 1846 he
removed to the village of Stanhope, Sussex Co., N. J.,
and entered the employ of the Sussex Iron Company,
as bookkeeper. He subsequently filled the office of
secretary of the company for a good many years, and
after the company suspended operations exercised a
general oversight and management over their prop-
erty and franchises. He was greatly interested in the
operations of the Morris and Essex Railroad Company,
and proved a useful champion of their claims in the
legislative lobby at Trenton on different occasions.

On Aug. 4, 1857, he received the appointment of
the Governor to the position of deputy adjutant-gen-
eral of the Sussex brigade of the State militia, with
the rank of lieutenant-colonel.

He was appointed deputy collector of the second
division of the Fourth Internal Revenue Collection
District of New Jersey on Oct. 30, 1862, and by re-
appointment continued to discharge the duties of that
office until his death, on Dec. 22, 1863.

Mr. Reeder was a man of temperate and regular
habits, full of energy, of good business qualifications,
and one who was identified almost from the beginning .
with the growth and development of the village of


Stanhope and the badness enterprises at that point.
He was a liberal contributor to the various benevo-
lent and religious undertakings of his locality, and
<_-i: | ; ■ - - < 1 throughout lit' the esteem ol man\ friends
anil the respect of the community in which he dwelt.
ili- was a regular attendant upon the ministrations of
tin- Stanhope Presbyterian ( Ihurch, and acted politi-
cally with tin- Republican party, although uever a

sec leer |inlitiral place. Ili- w il'r, w ho survives

liim, was formerly Harriet M. Stern, daughter of
Jacob and Magdalene Stern, of Northampton Co., Pa.
'In the marriage were born three daughters,— namely,
Sarah I!., who married Ira Joralemon, and died Dee.
16, 1875; Ella E., wife of Charles E. Herrick.of Stan-
kope; and Lucretia M., wife of George M. Clogg.


William i rroff was born at Hackettstown, \. J., on
ftpril 22, 1809, and was a son of William Croft", of

that plan-.

Hi- received in early life the educational advantages

afforded by the common schools of hi- day only, ami

ppon attaining manhood entered the employ of the

.Morris ( 'anal Company, at Stanhope, when- lie worked

up through the different grades of employment to the
Office of supervisor, a position which he filled for many

year-. It was with the interests of this corporation
that his business life was mostly identified, and to tin-
proper discharge of the duties that devolved upon
him in his official capacity he devoted most of his

time and energy, lie also owned :i farm near Wash-
ington, N. J., when- he engaged in agricultural oper-

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 120 of 190)