James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 121 of 190)
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ations.

Mr. < Iroff represented thai class of men in the com-
munity win; from a lowh p: .anion in 111. . with no
birthright but strong and willing hands and hearts
lull of hopefulness and trust in Providence, raise
themselves by close application to business and by de-
votion to principle and correct rules of life to posi-
tion- of honor, trust, and responsibility iii the c -

liuiniiy. For many years he was identified with the
business growth and prosperity of the village of Stan-
Si



hope, ami bore in that community the reputation of
an honorable and upright man. Jb- was a liberal
supporter of church and kindred institutions, and an
adherenl to the Presbj terian form of worship. Though




WILLIAM GROFF.

a Democrat in politics, he uniformly refused to occupy
public otfi.cc. He passed away on Nov. 6, 1876, leav-
ing to his family a fair amount of property, honestly
accumulated, and the richer legacy of a good name.

Mr. I rill was twi. • marri d. Hie first wife, whom
he married in February, 1887, was Mary Moore, bom

.June l!l, l-SOS, died Aug. -"">. is In. Of this union were
born three children, -namely, Elizabeth A. ; Caroline.
widow of Hampton Drake, of SchOoley's Mountain;

ami Andrew. To bis widow. n& Mary, daughter of

Jacob Rose, of Roseville, N. J., he was united on
I b .-•- is | he children el tin marmge were

Susan, William, and Mary ♦ both deceasi d .



HISTORY OF WARREN COUNTY.



CHAPTER I.

ORGANIZATION OP WARREN COUNTY.
I.— BOUNDARIES AND GENERAL DESCRIPTION.

Waeeen County was erected ft-oni Sussex by an
act of the Legislature passed Nov. 20, 1824. The act
defines the boundaries of Warren as follows :

"All the lower part of the county of Sussex southwesterly of a line
beginningon the river Delaware at the mouth of Flatbrook, in the town-
ship of Walpack, and running from thence a straight course to the north-
east corner of Hardwick church, situated on the south side of the main
road leading from Johnsonsburg to Newton, and from thence in the same
course to the middle of Musconetcong Creek, be, and the same is hereby,
erected into a separate county, to be called ' the county of Warren ;' and
a line running from thence down the middle of the said Musconetcong
Creek to where it empties into the Delaware shall hereafter be the di-
vision line between the counties of Morris and Hunterdon and the said
county of Warren."

The county of Warren is a peculiarly-shaped penin-
sula, being in form like a boot, with its toe thrust in
between the two rivers, — the Delaware, which bounds
it on the west and northwest, and the Musconetcong,
which bounds it on the southeast. On the northwest
and southeast line separating it from Sussex County
it is about sixteen miles in width, and holds that
measurement, with a slight increase, for nearly half
the length of the county, when it is suddenly reduced
to about half that width by the bend of the Delaware,
coming in from Pahaquarry to Manunka Chunk,
where it runs almost at right angles with its former
course. If the river continued on in this direction, it
would strike across the county from Manunka Chunk
to Changewater, in the line of the Delaware, Lacka-
wanna and Western Railroad, cutting the boot in two
at the instep ; but the river makes a bend westward
again and then eastward, forming the point above
Belvidere, whence it proceeds in a southwesterly
course past the western point of Harmony township,
and then runs in a southerly zig-zag course to the
great bend at Holland, in Hunterdon County. The
Musconetcong valley on the opposite side of the
county is much more uniform, that stream flowing in
a curve, which varies not more than two miles from a
direct line, from one extremity of the county to the
other. The extreme length of the county from the
Sussex line near Waterloo to Musconetcong Station
i- about thirty miles, and as nearly as can be meas-
ured on the map its superficial area is three hundred
and seventy square miles.
471



The principal ranges of mountains in Warren are
the Kittatinny, or Blue Mountains, in the northwest-
ern part, running nearly parallel with the Delaware
and bounding its valley from the county line to the
Water Gap ; the Jenny Jump Mountain, lying in a
parallel but shorter range in the central part of the
county; Scott's Mountain, on the borders of Oxford
and Harmony townships ; and Pohatcong Mountain,
in the southwestern range of townships, from Green-
wich to Mansfield, forming the dividing ridge between
the stream of the same name and the Musconetcong
valley. The system of waters in the Kittatinny val-
ley consists of the Paulinskill and its tributaries and
Beaver Brook, and, east of the Jenny Jump Moun-
tain, the Pequest, the Pohatcong, the Musconetcong,
and several minor tributaries.

The territory of Warren County was originally in-
cluded in West Jersey, the partition or Lawrence line
running a little east of its northeast corner. When
Hunterdon County was erected, comprising all the
upper part of West Jersey, in 1713-14, it embraced
the territory now in Warren County, which remained
a part of Hunterdon till Morris was set off, in 1738-
39; it was then included in Morris County till the
erection of Sussex, in 1753, when it was embraced in
the latter county, and so remained till it was sepa-
rated and erected into the county of Warren by legis-
lative enactment, Nov. 20, 1824.

The first settlements were made in it when it was a
part of Hunterdon County, and probably even prior
to that, when it was a part of the general unorganized
territory of West Jersey. They were made along the
Delaware, in Old Walpack, which embraced the pres-
ent township of Pahaquarry, and in that part of Old
Greenwich now Phillipsburg, from about 1700 to
1730-35* An old " Pole of the Freeholders of the
county of Hunterdon for Representatives to serve in
the General Assembly," etc., dated Oct. 9, 1738, and
sworn to " before David Martin, Esq., High Sheriff,''
shows that Walpack and Greenwich were townships
of Hunterdon County at that early day, and were
represented in the General Assembly, — the former by
Tunis Quick, Thomas Quick, Cornelius Aducher, and
Abraham Van Auken, and the latter by Samuel Green,
Henry Stewart, John Anderson, and Thomas Ander-
son.



: Soo general chapter



rly settlements; also township histories.



ORGANIZATION OF WARREN COUNTY.



475



II.— CIVIL DIVISIONS.
The townships or civil divisions of Warren County
al the time of its organization were ( In-i-nwich, JIup.I-
wirk, rnilcponilcncc, Knowlton, Manslicld, Oxford,
and Pahaquany. These were represented in (In- first
board of chosen freeholders, which met at I'.elvidere,
Maj LI, L825.

No further subdivisions Of the county were made

till 1839, in which year Bope was taken from Oxford,
Franklin from Greenwich, and Harmony from Green-
wich and Oxford. BlairstOWU was creeled from

Knowlton in 1845, Frelinghuysen was made a town-
ship in L848, Washington in L849, Phillipsburg in

18")1, Lopatcong in 1S62, and Allamuchy in 1872.

The towns or boroughs of Belvidere, Backettstown,
Phillipsburg, and Washington were incorporated, re-
-I tively, in 1845, in 1853, in 1861, and in 1868.

HI.— COUNTY SEAT.

tin April 19 and 20, 1825, agreeably to the act
erecting the count) of Warren, a rote was taken by
the citizens to decide the question of the Location ol
the scat of justice forthe new county. The follow-
ing is the clerk's certificate of said election :



" I, Matthias 0. Halated, clerk of the Court of Comi Pleas of tho

\\:ni. n. <!m liorouj i -im[\ that iii iui election for the seal of

i where the court-] -c, jail, aud other i>"t>lk- buildings

aid county of Warren, held on the nineteenth and
twentieth 'Ijivh of April taut pn^t, in compliance «iili an act of the Leg-
islature of the State of New Jersey, paased "i, the seveutb day of l>e-

ii-iiiIu-i, in I In 1 y.-itriit ■ l.'inl oiifi tliniisund eight liutnlri'-l innl twenty-

fniir, u majority of tin- whole Dumber of votes taken in tho several and

townships in *ni'l county were in favoi "< Belvidere, and that

Belvidere Is tin- place chosen fur tin- Mat ..i justice in tin- said County.

" In witness whoreof I Imv.- himmt.i Hut my lutnil and seal of odlco

da -I in the ) em ill mil !:-'■! ->ii" 1 li-.n-.iicl i-i-!it

.in; In d and twonty-flve.

an o 1 1 u ■ 1 1 1 1."

'file following is a copy ..1' the return- of the . lee-

ti lertified to as above :

"Statement -■! the votes given by the [nhabitantsol the several town-
ships in "hi- county "I Warren in tin- State of Mew Jersey foi the -

Justice or place whore tin' court-] se,jall,and otbei public bulUltngB

shall be ereoted in said county as taken from theoffl lal returns i

I'piln said COWDshlps :



I'iv.i-: VOTED FOB,



x \



i \



47»; 338 i mm I

J 117 ,1.1 ,t

i >n n: i 403 i: .11

Oxford r nee 1 -7 17 :i :: 1

The Contrc J4 12 -1 :>

II.. rCQtl tOWU 1 1

1 .

00 11 I ;^ 100 -J7'.' 281



■ Majority foi Bolvltloro, Iwonty-nln 1 I

The above document is in the clerk's office, Beh i-
dere, ami is indorsed, " Filed Apr. -i-\, i^l'-V



A- an inducement to Locate tin- county-seat at Bel-
videre, Gen. Garret 1>. Wall, of Trenton, donated to
the county the grounds for the public buildings and
th'- j-ulilic square or park adjoining. We give below
a copy of the conveyance made i" tli>- board of free-
holders of ili*_* county :

DEED OF GARRET P. WALL.

"Tins Imdextobs, mode this seventh day of Juue, In the yi-arof our
Lord 0110 thousand eight hundred and twenty-five 1 1826 , Between Garret
I). Wall, Enquire, «>f the City of Trenton and 61 y, of the

11- part, end 'The Board uf Chosen Freeholder* of the County "f War-
ren,' in the Stat*- ol NV-w Jersey aforesaid, of the second j.ut.v.
ktii that the said Garret D. Wall, for and in consideration of the nun of
one dollar, to bun in bend paid by the Bald 'The Board of Ghost I
holder?* of tin- Couuty "f Warren,' the receipt whereof la hereby ac-
knowledged, and other conditions bfm thereunto moving, hatl
granted, bargained, and sold, and by ih<-< pi

gain, -'-11, alien, enfeoff, release, convey, and conflnn onto the said "The
Board of Chosen (freeholders ol tfa 1 ren, 1 and t.- their

Siirii — t - and \ - i'.-n-, All those two certain lots or parcels of land, situ-
ate in the village of Belvidere, En the township of Oxford and County of
Warren aforesaid, Bounded and Described as follows,— to wit: First, The
Conrt-IIotiBe Lot, Beginning at a stone on the Norl
Street, two chains Bast of the Corner of Second and Mansfield Btreets,
and Corner of Lol No. 28 1 twenty h Ight), a designated in the town plan
of It. biik-re aforesaid, hereunto • aum-xt-d ; tli. n. ■■ t.y said I
North three degrees West three chains tu the corner of Lota v
11; thence (2) bj bob: No 11,12, and 13 North aiglity-sovei
East two chains to the Corner of Lots No. 13, 14, and 28
No 29, South three degrees East three chains to the North rid<
Bfreet aforesaid ; and (4) bj the same South eighty-si
two chains to the Beginning, containing six-ti being the

same which Nathaniel Bajcton, Tbouuts Gordon, and Benjamin McCoury,
K-<|nir. ■-, cv.mmitfeioiiorg appointed by an Act of the Legislature entitled

I An Act Regulating thi Boundaries and Incorporating the fnhabltanta

of certaiu Townships iu the roiintii-s of Sii-m-\ anil Warn-n, and Ineor-

1: . lofCho rj Freeholders In the Boid County 1 I "
and for other purposes,' passed Iteceinber 27 th, 1S24.' 1 >
and to del foi erecting the Public Bnlldings at the place

chosen foi the Seatof Justtceof theaald County of Wsu ren,' batb
anil determined as the site where d tl 1 Id Pnblli Bull I
erected, the said Garret D. Wall bavin pi ,■ ed to ^iw and cuivcy
[otto the add ' The Chosen Preen Idei ol th I inntj of War-
ren,* for that purpose. And Second, The Publio Square in part of said

I t-House Lot, as represented In the said plan hereunto annexed, — to

wit: Bounded on the north side thereof by the said Second Street; on

Ide by Hardwick Street; on the Boutb aide by Third Street ;

aud on the West side by Mansfield Street, six chains on each side, con-

tabling three Acres aud six-tenths of an Acre, being the same which the

ol \> w nil ■it-" pi

i ether with all and singular the rights, mombei

■,,-. aud appurtenances, and the reversion and remain-
, aud proflta thoreof, ah 1 all the estate, right, title, In-

1 ■ 1 1 . . 1 Eon, claim, and demand whatsoever, either In

Law or Equity, of the said Garre! D. Wall, of. In, aud I

II n ■ \% II"! d iic said i«" lots of laud, hereditaments, and prem-
ises unto the said 'The Board of Chosen Freeholders ol tho County of
Warren, 1 and thol 3i ever, on condition that tho
said 'Ths D I rreu' shall
within three years from tho date hereof ei

■ tl mod i"t a Court -House, Jail, and othei Pn I

I only of Warren, and use the u for su< h and 1 thei use

■ v, hatsoevei ; and thai thi

kepi and conUnned opon as .1 Public Square, walk, or promenade for the

tree, common, and uninterrupted use ol the cltJieoi of the County

ol Warren forever, and thai no building, erection, or digging, or other

Hog "' namontal trees and rem ee shall

then ,hu! the '.1 to continue foi the ate of theetltmns and the

health and beaut) ol the town I rer. And ths nddQorret 1». \\'all

doth, for himself, rant and

coyi n.uit to and with the mid ' rh< B

Count] "i Wan. mi' and th thai ho andthoy

ths said pn



476



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JEESEY.



of Warren' and their Successors and Assigns against all lawful claims
and demands shall and will warrant and defend.

" In Witness whereof the said Garret D. Wall hereunto set his hand
and Seal the daj r and year first above written.

" Sealed aud Delivered in Presence of "} Signed

" Isaac Pearson, r Garret D. Wall. [l.s.1

" Thomas Gordon'.
" Stale of New Jersey, ss.

"Be it remembered that on the seventh day of June, a.d. eighteen
hundred and twenty-five, Before me, Thomas Gordon, one of the Masters
of the Court of Chancery in and for the said State of New Jersey, Per-
sonally appeared Garret D. Wall, Esq. I being satisfied he is the grantor
mentioned in the foregoing Deed, and the contents thereof being made
known to him by me, acknowledged he signed, sealed, and delivered the
same as his voluntary act and deed for the use and purpose therein ex-
pressed.

" Thomas Gordon, M.C."

IV.— COUNTY BUILDINGS.
Respecting the location of the public buildings of
the county, the board of chosen freeholders passed
the following resolution on May 16, 1825:

" Resolved, That the board of chosen freeholders recommend to the
commissioners appointed by the Legislature to fix upon the site for the
location of the pubic buildings in and for the county of Warren, that
they do fix the site at any place within the limits of their power, wher-
ever the largest sum of money may be offered for the purpose and use
of the public buildings for the county of Warren."

The commissioners — Thomas Gordon, Benjamin
McCourry, and Nathaniel Saxton — met the board of
chosen freeholders at the house of Joseph Norton,
Esq., in Belvidere, May 17, 1825, and after due con-
sultation the site was chosen for the public buildings
of the county. At their meeting on the 18th the
board resolved that the buildings should be of brick,
and should be built upon contract for the various
kinds of materials, advertisements for proposals being
published for at least three weeks before the day ap-
pointed to receive them in the Belvidere Apollo, the
Sussex Register, and other newspapers.

At the meeting of the board May 11, 1826, meas-
ures were taken to raise the necessary funds for the
erection of the buildings. It was

" Resolved, That the sum of three thousand five hundred dollars be
raised in the year 1826 for the use of the public buildiugs, and that two
thousand dollars be raised for State and county tax."

Alexander White and John Kinney were author-
ized to loan the sum of fifteen hundred dollars on the
credit of the county, and a committee was appointed
to write to Garret D. Wall requesting him to pay his
subscription of one thousand dollars towards the
erection of the public buildings, which was accord-
ingly done. A committee to superintend the con-
struction of the buildings was appointed, consisting
of John Kinney, George Hiles, and Jeremy Mackey,
Esqs., Judge Kinney being chairman, and being in-
vested with the chief responsibility, with power to
call to his aid, when necessary, the other members of
the committee. The board of freeholders also ap-
pointed a committee of five from their own members
to visit and inspect the work every month.

On April 3, 1827, the board of chosen freeholders
met in the court-house. The first business of the
meeting was the appointment of a committee, con-



sisting of Moses Van Campeu, Jonathan Robins,
John Schmuck, Archibald Robertson, Anthony Belles,
George Mott, and James Hoagland, to settle the ac-
count with the building committee. The committee
appointed to settle the accounts reported :

" We have carefully examined the accounts of the
said committee, kept by John Kinney, Esq., and find
that the amount of vouchers and other expenditures,
aud the charges of the said John Kinney, Esq., for
superintending the construction of the public build-
ings of the county amount to the sum of $9942.24

And that the sum of money received of the county

collector, money borrowed, and sundry articles sold

belonging to the county amount to $9380.43

And that the said John Kinney lias made a donation

of 100.00

94S0.43

Leaving a balance to said John Kinney of. $4131. SI

The committee also beg leave to report that they have

also settled with George Hiles, one of the building

committee, and paid a balance due him for his

services of 96.24

$558.05
"The foregoing sum of five hundred and fifty-eight dollars and five
cents appears tb be the whole amount of expenditures for the public
buildings unpaid by said building committee to this date, excepting two
or three small accounts, which it is supposed will not amount to more
than fifty or sixty dollars. All of which is respectfully submitted.
"John Schmuck,
" George Mott,
" Anthony Belles,
" Moses Van Campen,
" A. Robertson,
" Jonathan Robins,
" James Hoagland."

On motion, John Kinney, Esq., was "authorized to
employ workmen for the purpose of making blinds to
the windows of the court-room, and for finishing the
cistern and garden-fence attached to the court-house."

" Resolved, That the building committee are entitled to the thanks of
the board tor the faithful manner in which they have discharged their
duties."

The court-house erected in 1826 was a brick build-
ing, forty by sixty feet, two stories in height, contain-
ing the jail in the lower story, and the clerk's and
surrogate's offices included in the same building. The
court-room was thirty-six by forty feet. The plan
was furnished by Thomas Gordon.

The building, as it now appears, is somewhat modi-
fied from the old plan. The main building has been
raised slightly and extended back about forty feet.
A fire-proof extension has been made in the rear of
the clerk's office; the cells in the jail apartment
have been so altered as to be placed in the centre, in
tiers, with walks around them, instead of along the
sides, as originally, and a brick building has been
erected on the west side for the accommodation of the
sheriff, or jailer, in case the latter is the resident offi-
cer in charge of the inmates. The food of the pris-
oners is supplied from this building.

V.— POOR-HOUSE AND FARM.
In 1829 a committee was appointed by the board of
chosen freeholders to report upon the expediency of



GEOLOGY OF W AUK EN COUNTY.



ITT



procuring a poor-house and farm for the indigent of
the county. The committee reported in favor of im-
mediate action in that direction, and George Mott and
Archibald Robertson were appointed a committee to

visit and examine poor-house establishments in other

counties of New Jersey and in Pennsylvania, and
inak.- reporl to a siik-cpu-ut >pecial meeting of the
board.

To the special meeting convened on the 17th of
December. 1829, the committee made an elaborate
report, setting forth the pecuniary advantages to the
county, as well as the improvenietil on the score of
humanity, likely to result from a Bystem of taking

i!- of the poor such as they had examined in Bucks
Co., Pa., and in the town-hip of Amwell, Hunterdon

Co. The report was accepted, and it was imme-
diately resolved that a committee of one from each
township be appointed, "whose duty it shall be to
agree upon a site and purchase a farm upon which a

l '-house may he erected."

The committee consisted of Ross Crane, William
Hankinson, George Mott, John Young, Peter Kline,
Archibald Robertson, and Moses Van < lampen ; they

purchased a farm of Nathan Sutton, in the townships
of Oxford and Manslicld, consisting of ahoiit 890

acres, for the sum of 18950, payable in three equal
annual payment-. The large farm-house on the
premises was utilized for the purposes of a poor-
.iii addition being made to it. upon the recom-
mendation of the committee. Archibald Robertson,

chairman of the committee on by-laws and regula-
tions, reported a systi m for the govern men) and man-
agement of the poor-house and farm, placing the

institution under the care and superintendence of
i directors, to be elected annually by the board

Of chosen freehold. fS, and providing also for the

annual appointment of a steward, to have the imme-
iupervision and management of the establish-
ment.

Archibald Robertson, William Hankinson, and
Daniel Axford were elected the first board of direc-
tors, March L5, L880. William McDaniel was ap-
pointed, in May, 1881, as the lir-t steward of the
institution, and the first physician was l>r. J. T.

Sharp, appoitded in May, 1831, tO serve till the next

annual meeting of the board.



CHAPTJER II.

GEOLOGY OF WARREN COUNTY.
I.— AZOIC FORM \i'h>N GNEISS,
[isr describing the gneiss of the sjsoic formation in

this secti r belt, I'rofessor t 'ook -ays, —

dong tho Oentral Railroad between bobanon and
Hampton JnncUon, and along the Warren Ball] tad to

River, afford the n. I ■ ol I range, eroas-

beltai at right angles to tho strike of the for-



mation. ThenumbiT iiii-l 'llmi-iihiona "f theae cutsaresuch as to pre-
via ii vi-ry large .-xi^sure of rock at fre<iuent Intervals. Very much of
tho rock, cs|Hx'iallv between Lebanon and Washington, il In a state of

.lixlntegmti due to the decomposition "f the fehbipar. ... '!

east of Washington show a rotten gneiss, composed of feldspar nn.l
irao."

It has generally been supposed that the gneiss for-
mation- present a poor and unproductive soil, but this
impression is wearing away under that practical lm —

1' unit • win: Ii is turning man-, of these unpromi in

hills into fruitful fields. "It is observed that the

rocks are in many places subject to rapid decay, and
that in such localities the -oil i- susceptible of hLdi
cultivation."

H.— POTSD iW SANDS rONE.

This subdivision of the Palaeozoic rocks in the val-
ley of the Pequest is a fine-grained, light-colored free-
stone, working readily under the hammer, and .
building material. It take- it- name from it*
observation by the New York geologists at Pot-lam,
St. Lawrence Co., in that State. The rock i- evenly
stratified, though some of the conglomerate heels are
very thick.

"About t eighth nf ii mile easl of Kennedy's Mill-, in Warren

Oonnty, near the roads Diner, the nun

luslon that there lea narrow band of this rock
Interposed between the li stone, which crops onl onlj ■ fen i

,.i a, and il"' gneiss, whicl copies the higbor portion of the hill on the

east."

III.— MAONESIAX I.I M ESTON E.

The magnesian limestone is the common blue lime-
stone of the Kittatiimy valley, and i- a prevail!
important formation in Warren County. It lies above
the Potsdam sandstone, forming the second in the
series of the Palaeozoic Age or Epoch.

The' magnesian lime-tone tract occupies the valley

of the Pohatcong Creek from Mount Bethel toStewartB-
ville, and the open country bounded on the north by
.Marble and Scott's Mountains, wesl bj the Delaware
River, ami southeast by the Pohatcong. Above
stewartsvilie ii generally contracts iii breadth, until
it finally disappears in the narrow valley belon Mount
Bethel. Between Washington and Stewartsvilie it
- ami a half miles. Within these limit-



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 121 of 190)