James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 128 of 190)
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Greenwich township for medical aid.) H. II. Southard, 1843-45; re-
moved to Reaville, N. J. No resident physician again until T. Stewart,
1850; soon removed; iB now in Scranton, Pa. Asher Reiley, 1854, a
Bliort time; removed to Frenchtown. J. F. Sheppard, 1854, to present
time, 1881. K. Espy, 1855-57. Dr. Dayton (son of Hon. W. L.), 1857, a
short time. Dr. Hart, 1857-59; now in Pennington, N.J. L. M. Osmun,
1865, to present timo, 1881. D. R. Delong, 1807-69; now in Pennsyl-
vania. Dr. O'Brien, 1807-71 ; now in Scranton, Pa. A. H. Lee, 1868, to
present time, 1881. A. H. Purcell, 1868, a short time ; retired. D. X. J.
Brittain, in 1808. II. II. Abemothy, 1867-69, and from 1876-77 ; now in
Easton. E. H. Boiber, 1809, to present time, 1881. J. H. Griffith, 1870,
to present time, 1881. J. C. Strader, 1872-76 ; now in Lafayette, Sussex

Co. P. G. Creveling, 1872-76; now at Broadway. Dr. Mulreany, a short
time in 1S72. George H. Jones, 1S73, to present time, 1881. L. D. Bei-
ber, 1S77, to present time, 18S1.


James C. Fitch, 1S27, to present time. Thomas Darling, about 1830.
Joseph Hedges, 1844-4S; removed to Stanhope. Richard P. Cooke, a few
months ; now practicing dentistry in New York City. Dr. Perry, a short
time, after Dr. Hedges; removed West. Daniel L. Duncan, 1S49-52;
subsequently, for a short time, just before the civil war; is now in New-
ton, N. J. George D. Fitch, 1860-65; now in Philadelphia, Pa. Henry
Hulshiser, 1861-71; now at Port Oram, N. J. Robert M. Rea, about a
year; then weut to Georgia; is now practicing in the West. William E.
Mattison, for two yeats, during the service of Dr. Duncan ; went to Mill-
stone, N. J. ; now in the city of New Brunswick, N. J. David D. Dil-
dine, 1870, until death, in 1872. Henry H. Rinehart, 1872, until his de-
cease, in 1878. P. E. Swartzweller, 1878-80; removed to Belvidere.

Hugh Hughes, 1810-22; removed to Bloomshury, Hunterdon Co. John
P. B. Sloan, 1822, for some time; went to New York. Jacob Sharp'e
1S28-34; removed to Camden. William Johnson, several years. Samuel
Glenn, 1856. Drs. Joseph Cook, Herrick, Jennings, Sowerby, and
Mattison, now practicing here.

Robert Beavers, IS — to 1835; went West, John Ball, shortly after
1835, and died there.



The present status of the medical profession in
Warren County is fully up to the standard of any of
its neighbors. Her physicians are men of education
and character. On this subject the remarks of Dr.
Johnson, in 1866, are equally pertinent to-day :

" Of my contemporaries, I can bear cheerful testimony . . . that the
greater part of them are graduates of medical schools, or have received
license under the regime of our State society ; all, as far as I know, de-
vote themselves singly to the duties of their calling aud have a due s<
of its dignity and importance, and we need only more efficient organiza-
tion aud more frequent communings upon ourtopics of common interest
to maintain that worthy reputation which the inhabitants of the county
accorded to our predecessors. To the credit of the people he it s
quackery does not nourish among them, as I do not know of an irregu-
lar practitioner in our midst. The matrons who officiated as practitu
ers of midwifery thirty years ago have passed away without leaving si
cessors of their own sex, and common fame deals kindly with their me
ories, speaking of their general good sense and abstinence from ignorn

In this connection are given some personal rem-
iniscences and biographical mention of many of the
members of the medical fraternity of this county,
particularly of those who have passed away.


Samuel Kennedy. — B. B. Edsall speaks of this
gentleman as being "the first practicing physician

* Dr. Blane's Med. Hist, of Hunt. Co.

f Perhaps the most skillful and widely known of any obstetrician i
Warren County in her day was Mrs. Margaret Warue, — " Aunt Peggy,"
as she was familiarly known. She was a 6ister of Gen. Garnett Yliet, a
patriot of the Revolution. She not only practiced in her own neighbor-
hood, but kept a horse ready night and day and rode into the surrou
iug country, through Warren and Hunterdon Counties, undetorrod by
rain, hail, or drifting snow. She was coequal with Drs. Holmes and
Ball, of Asbury, during the latter part of the last and early part of the
present century. Dr. Alfred Gale, of Asbury, has a very distinct recollec-
tion of the old lady, and assorts that she was certainly a wonderful
woman. She lived near Broadway, Warren Co., aud was one of tho pro-
genitors of nearly all the Warnes now living in Warren County.



we have any record of" in what was then Bnasi £,
but is now Warren, < Jdunty. A sketch of 1 >r. Samuel
Kennedy, Junior, is given in the recently published
"Transactions of the New Jersey Medical Society,
1766 to 1800," pap' 24, the data of which, as well as

Edsall's :n-r-i unit , arc corroborated by tin- appended
sketch, which has been procured from a daughter of
H. S. Kennedy, a son of Dr. Samuel by his second
wife, who is said to be still living at White House,
Hunterdon ( !o., N. J., over eighty years nl'iiw. lb r
letter is as follows :

"My grandfather, Dr. Samuel Kon ly, belonged to mi old ud well-
known Scotch family. Ho ww born, II is supposed, In S lao

the Atlantic wliile his |»irents were on tlieli way to America. Hla
father, Bev. Samuel Kennedy, was pastor of Hie Presbyterian Oho
Soaking Ridge, Somerset Co., for forty years.' His oldest son, Dr. Sam-
uel, won bora about the year 171"; was married to Elizabeth i-
Oct. B, 1768. By her he bad nine children win. reached mature

Be died in 1700. It" was ago larrled, In 1791, to Anna, daughter of

Rer Schaffer.t ol Stlllwal r, b; ivhom he had Ave children. Dr.Ken-
aedydiwl In DUX, and is buried ul old Hardwlck (now Ifello I
Birch, In Su C ly.

" Ho wu educatod turn physician bj bis father, who was n |iliyslclan
as well as minister. He settled at .Tolinsonsburg, and had a very exten-
sive practice. From paponi of his in [■ - '-i i the family I judge

Unit In- education was superior to that of most gentlemen of btsttme.
He wasu I'm in believer in the political tenets of Jefferson, was of a mirth-
ful dls|s>silioii, mid possessed of the renmrkulilo ^Scotch) gift of second-
sight. Ito was u deeply religious man, u member of the Presbyterian

There is no doubl but that Dr. Kennedy's pro-
fessional reputation was very high, lie is described,

by the very few persons now living who knew him, as
having been short and .-tout, but of fine personal ap-
pearance. His residence was a stone bouse, still
(landing, upon the Van Horn farm, half a mile from
Johnsonsburg, on the road to Allamuchy. He was
also a judge of the Sussex ( 'utility courts, and a mem-
ber of the \ - uiilil\ in 1780. Achilles, a son by the
fir- 1 marriage, studied medicine and located at llack-
ctt-town for a year or two about 1 still, but left on ac-
mnt of his health, and died of consumption at bis
father's house. Another son. William, became a
phv.-ieian, and practiced in Middle Smithfield, Pa.

Th i- inscription upon his t bstone, in the cemetery

of the Yellow Frame church, i- a- follows:

" In I ^ "I

i '■■ toi - miuel Kan e I

who doparted this life

July 1st, ISM,

in the ■'<"' year "i bis age."

BOBEB 1 I I M M I \s was a eonteiii pora ry of 1 >r. Ken-
nedy, lie was born and educated in Ireland, and,

coming to this country, Was a surgeon during the Rev-
olution. Soon after the war he settled near the Mount

Bethel church, and lived on what is now known as the
Schamp farm, which he owned. Hi is remen

by a few of the older inhabitants as a skillful physi-
cian and Burgeon. Like many of the doctors of hi-

day, he was rough in hi- manners and conversation

and was addicted to his C ups. It is related of him
that on one occasion, when collecting a bill of Mai.
Helms, iii Hackettstown, which the latter gentleman
thought rather high, the doctor replied, "When any
of your d — d niggers are sick you Bend for me, but
when the members of your own family are -iek you
send for Kenned) ; bo you can pay for it." Hi

puled to have introduced the -mallpox into the vicin-

ii\ " to help trade along." Hewasagreat frequenter
of the tavern. On one occasion h<- left hi- glass of

toddy standing on the counter while he went to the
kitchen to light his pipe; when he returned he found
some one had disposed of his liquor, thinking possibly
thai he was too drunk to notice its loss. But the doc-
tor was not 30 far -one as they supposed, and. asking
the loungers up to drink, he managed to medicate the
contents of the bottle, and then took a position where
he could witness its effects on the different partakers,
who had occasion to remember him for a long time
alt.r. He was married, but had no children. He
did in 1806.

IIi:ni:v I'ai.mkk, the immediate successor of Dr.
Samuel Kennedy at Johnsonsburg, was a native of
Connecticut, and probably received his literary and
me heal education in hi a nam • State pn ir to settling
in New Jersey. After practicing a short time at
.lohnsonsliurL' he re ved to I lope, about I .Si IS. His

medical life was short, but he was an able, cautious,
and humane practitioner. His day-1 k. still in ex-
istence, is dated " Log Goal," and commencesiin Mac
18054 He practiced at Hope about five years. In
1818 In- went to New York to purchase medicine, con-
tracted yellow fever, and died June 14th. aged thirty-
four, lb- was a military man. and was interred with
military honors at the Yellow Frame bury ing-ground,
where a plain -tone mark- his resting-place. Hi-
wife was a daughter of Judge Armstrong, she Buf-
fered from total blindness previous to his death, but
survived her husband twenty-five year-. They had
no living children.

Jabez Gwtmmtjp, for more than fifty year- an emi-
nent practitioner in this county, wa.- born in 177o.

He was of Welsh descent His father, John, fur-
nished the Continental army with hat- while en-
Camped at Valley Forge.? Jabez studied medicine

• He wa II pastor from 1781 to 1787, the yesi of bis death, II" was
imi it in 1720, In Scotland, and, as he and hi

lame and both p Ine, I wold I the suf-

n\ "Senior" and "Junior/' al least until the daathol thi
sldi i Samnel.
f "I have hoard it narrated that h Dally present at the

birth of a female child, aud then dc, tared she should Is- his i-ec.-nd v\ii.\
in, 'ut which afterwards became a laci." Di ■' 0, Joanaso/s

nun -.


X The items in this and cotomporaneous day-books of early | l
■how 'hat, whOs thi ». ranging from

■hllllngi, \,'\v .I - 1-. > currency, medicinal were much higher Uian nt

aar, the charge* wan not much laaa thi
..r the present day.

payment for the hats he was assaulted when return-
home, in Philadelphia, by some Tories, who foUowad him and
■hot him In the head while in the midst of bl d wounds

ware Inflicted, which cauaad Id- di tl
an orphan al the early age ol four years.



with the elder Dr. Campfield, of Mofristown. In
1793 he presented himself as a candidate for licensure
to the New Jersey Medical Society, and after a whole
day's satisfactory examination by the censors came
near being rejected by reason of youth. Being li-
censed, he settled first at Drakesville, Morris Co., but
soon removed to Hamburg, Sussex Co., and later
located at Belvidere, at which place, and in its vicin-
ity, he spent a life of professional toil until his de-
cease, in 1843. He was the prime-mover in the for-
mation of the medical society of the county, and of it
he was a zealous and influential member, often serv-
ing in an official capacity. Blunt and decided in his
opinions, he was yet a model of dignity, self-posses-
sion, and propriety at the bedside. Earnestly availing
himself of all the advantages of his day, he was for
a long time a leader in his profession. He was a
ready and frequent writer upon medical topics, and
often favored his brethren with written discourses at
their annual gatherings. These are distinguished for
their practical knowledge, presented in most positive
terms. He was at one time a judge of the Court of
Common Pleas of Warren County, and held very
positive political ideas.* His residence, built by him-
self, is still standing, and the farm he owned is now
largely occupied by the village of Delaware Station.

In early life Dr. Gwinnup was spare, but in later
years became quite portly. He was fine-looking, with
bright blue eyes, a ruddy countenance, and an un-
usually fine presence. He wore black broadcloth, and
a ruffled shirt. He was always a student, and pos-
sessed the scope of medical knowledge of his day.
He was buried in the cemetery, uear Ramsaysburg,
and the inscription on his stone reads :

" Doctor Jabez Gwinnup,

born at Morristown, N. J., April 22, 1773.

Died June 12, 1843, aged

70 years, 1 month, and 20 days."

Abel Johnson was from Hunterdon County, and
must have occupied part of the field cotemporaneous
with the latter portion of Dr. Kennedy's service. Of
his early life nothing is known. He was a member
of the State Medical Society, in the published " Trans-
actions" of whichf his name appears as a candidate
for membership at the meeting held May 8, 1788 ; he
was present at its session of 1795. He located at
Marksboro', but at what time is now unknown. He
is remembered as a tall, slim man who rode on horse-
back with saddle-bags. He stood high professionally.
He was a bachelor, and very fond of hunting. He
was taken sick while on an excursion of this kind,
and died in the family of the Stouts who then lived
near the mill in Jacksonburg. Ho was buried, most
probably, at the old cemetery near Stillwater, N. J.
His age at death was about fifty. Whilst he was a

* When President J. Q. Adams, with some of his Cabinet, Journeyed
through Now Jersey and was ontortainod by the leading citizonB, Dr.
Gwinnup refused to receive him at his houso.

f 17B6 to 1800, p. 01.

man of undoubted abilities, he seems purposely to
have kept from the onerous duties of a too extensive
practice by frequently resorting to the homes of his
most retired and remote patrons.!

Gideon Leeds was a truly famous practitiouer in
Warren County. He was a native of Danbury, Conn.,
was educated at the Cheshire Episcopal Academy,
with the purpose of taking orders as a clergyman in
that denomination. He, however, commenced the
study of medicine in Connecticut, and continued it
at Rutgers and the New York Medical College ; he
then went to Buffalo, N. Y., but remained only a short
time. He settled at Johnsonsburg, in this county, in
1812, and practiced there until the death of Dr. Pal-
mer, at Hope, in June, 1813, when Dr. Leeds became
his successor. From this time until a short period
before his death Dr. Leeds was engaged in a most
extensive and laborious practice in a hilly country,
with rides extending often from sixteen to twenty
miles. He traveled mainly on horseback, and was
noted for his powers of physical endurance. Dr. J.
C. Fitch, a partner of his later practice, speaks of his
philosophic mind, his excellent judgment, tenacious
memory, and his studious habits. Among the people
he was the peer of his contemporaries. His severe
labors during an active medical career of a quarter-
century, and the social customs of the day, hindered
his usefulness towards the close of his life. A short
time before his death he removed to a farm near the
village of Marksboro', where he died of gangrene of
the arm. He married a daughter of Gen. Hill, of
Marksboro', but left no children.

Dr. Leeds was one of the original members of the
Warren County Medical Society. He was buried in
the Episcopal Cemetery at Ramsaysburg. His tomb-
stone, which has suffered from vandals and is broken,
contains the still legible inscription :

"Dr. Gideon Leeds,
formerly of New Canaan,


Died February 11th, 1837,

Aged 49 years and 5 nionths."g

Hugh Hughes, one of the founders of the District
Medical Society for Warren County, was the son and
successor of Dr. John S. Hughes, who was his precep-
tor. He practiced at Washington, N. J., from 1816
to 1822, when he changed locations with Dr. John P.
B. Sloan, then at Bloomsbury. Dr. Hughes practiced
at the latter place until his death, April 22, 1856; he
was born March 17, 1794. He never married, and
was buried in the Greenwich churchyard. His
obituary may be found in vol. ix. of the Medical and
Surgical Reporter. \\ A handsome monument over his
grave was erected to his memory. Dr. Hughes was
succeeded in practice by Dr. Stewart.

John S. Hughes, father of the above-mentioned

I Dr. J. O.Johnson.

i, MSS. notes of Dr. John 0. Johnson.

|! " History of Hunterdon and Somerset Counties," J. P. Snell, 1881, p.



Hugh Hughes, was the son oi Hugh Hughes, a
wealthy gentleman of Welsh descent who settled in
Bughesville, Warren Co., long before the Revolution,
Bid who worked the forge at that place, making can-
lon-balls, it is said, for the American army. He was

I lawyer by profession, and came from Philadelphia,
when- he married Martha Breckehridge, a relative of

Kev. Robe rl J. lireekeiiridge, of Kentucky. 1 1 1- -on,
John S. Hughes, w:i- horn at 1 I uu h.-\ illo (the Forge),

Jan. 4, l77o. He attended Princeton College; studied

medicine with Dr. John Beatty, of Trenton ; attended
lectures in Philadelphia; married Miss .Martha Ber-
gen, of Princeton, and located al the place of his
nativity about 17'.)i'. He was a skilled physician,

and especially notable ;ls a surgeon. Of his large
family of children, two sons illugli and John Kealtyi
were physicians. John S. Hughes died July 7, 1X2") ;
he was buried in the family burying-ground, near
Hugh esvi lie, and by hi- side repose the remains of
his wife, who died Feb. 21, 1888, aged sixty-live.

.l<ui\ P. B. Sloan was horn mar I'.l isbury,

N.J.. May 26, L799; died Feb. I". 1849; - if Kev.

William B. Sloan, of ( ireenwieh, Warren Co., V J.

II practiced al Bloonisbun until ahout 1X2:2, wdien
lo came (0 Washington, this COUnty, remaining only

a short time. He was subsequently located in New
York City, in LUica, X. Y., and ahout ix;'{."i went
to Haston, l'a., where lie died and was huried. His
wili- was Katurah, daughter of Henry Hankinson,
Of Washington, N . J. ; she was horn July 1'S, 1X01, and

died Oct. 12, 1858. He left four children,— two sons

(William and John) and two daughters, one of whom
became the H ife of 1 >r. A. < '. Smith, but since deceased,
lie was one of the founders of the District Medical
Society of Hunterdon County, in 1X21, and of the
District Medical Society for Warren County, in 1820.
lie is accredited with having possessed a decided
talent for the analytical investigation of disease.
David P. Hint, son of Rev. Gardner Hunt, of

Warren Co., X. J.; graduate of Princeton, 'la - of

1818; read medicine with his cousin. Dr. W. A. A.
IIiini. of Clarksville; licensed in 1824; moved to
Marksboro', this county, where he practiced a short

time, and there died, not leaving any family. He

was a young man of more than ordinary talent, and
commenced his professional life with nattering pros-
pects of success. 1 1.' died pitied and regretted by all
who knew him. lie was huried at Marksboro', and

hi- i li-i.nie has this Inscription :

•• 1 1 . - ■ . •' lie Mi- i n

Doctor Dimil r. Hunt,

who departed tiii- Uft

Not. l-i, a. n. 1835,

ogod 37 years ami B itli-."

.'on n Ball, another of the original members of

the District Medical Society of Warren County, came
to Ashury about 1794, from Morris c..., \. J. There

• Wane's "Mf.lii ul Mi-iMiv Hunterdon County," p, 11.

In- practiced medicine for forty consecutive years,

doing an exten-i\ e business, from which he retired in
1834 and w ■ut to Newark: (vent to New

Brunswick, N. J., where be kepi a drug-etori tor two
years, when he returned to Warren I lountj , Locating at
A.ndersontown, He resumed hi- professional labor-.

but after a year- practice died. Dr. Ball was one of

the hading practitioners of his day, and wa- highly

esteemed by a large circle of friends and patrons. Hi

married a daughter of Daniel Hunt, Esq., left several
children, three of them -on-, but none in the profes-
James Holmes settled in Ashury about 1790;

then- erected a house and practiced his profession until
about lxlu. w hen lie removed to New Hampton, Hun-
terdon Co. Dr. lilane in his medical history says,
"He lived and practiced in New Hampton the first
part of this century. He was a popular, successful,
and skillful practitioner. He subsequently moved

into Timber Swamp, then Sussex, from whence, it i-

said, the family went to Western New York, or still far-
ther west." He married Mary, daughter of Dr. John
llaiina, of Hunterdon County. There is little doubt

but that this Dr. Holmes i- the same one mentioned

by Dr. Wieke-r as having been -urgeon of a battalion

of minute-men of Sussex County in l77-"i, and later
surgeon of a battalion in the Continental army; he
was one of the original members of the Society of
the Cincinnati of New Jersey. J

James C. Kennedy was born Dec. 3, 1808, at
Stewartsville, in this county, and was the son of James

Kennedy. Alter attending school at Doyle-town, l'a.,

he entered the office of his relative, Dr. Stewart Ken-
nedy, of the "Straw Tavern," in this county. The
I niver.ttv oi Pennsylvania m Philadelphia fur-
nished him his medical degree in 1829 on gradu-
ating. He located the same spring (1829) at Stewarts-
ville, where he continued in a lucrative practice until
his death, which occurred July 21. 1851, alter a short
illness. He was interred in the Stewartsville ceme-
tery. Dr. Kennedy was a very large man, weighing
over two hundred pounds, lie attended very closely

to his profession, but seldom went beyond the hounds
of his practice, although hi- reputation was more than
local, lie left his family in very comfortable eir. -11111-

Btances. He was 1 if the earlier members of the

District Medical Soeletj of this COUnty, joining in


Stewart Kennedy, one of the founders of the
Warren County Medical Society, the fourth son of
the 1 Ion. William Kennedy, of I IreenTi ich town-hip,
Warren Co. (and brother of Phineaa B.), was boru
Sept. 17, 1798. He studied medicine with Dr. Erwin,
of Fasten, l'a.; attended lectures al the University of
Pennsylvania, from which institution he was gradu-
al. .1 in I s_'n. 1 1, commenced practice at Ka-ton, but
two years later removed t" his native township, resid-

f W»t Now Joraoy Mod., p. 280.

J Jot. SI. Tuner, MJ>.



ing in what was then known as the "Straw Tavern."
He there remained about seven years, then returned
to Easton, where he successfully prosecuted his pro-
fession until about 1838, when he was stricken down
with inflammatory rheumatism, from the effects of
which he never fully recovered. In the autumn of
1841 he removed to Chambersburg, Pa,, and purchased
the farm upon which Wilson College now stands. Dr.
Kennedy was married in 1821 to Miss Anna, daughter
of James Ferguson, of Bucks Co., Pa., by whom he
had six children, one of whom died young ; the others
were Sarah, wife of J. C. McLanahan; James F. (a
reverend and D.D., one of the best classical scholars
in the State, but said to be at present totally blind),
of Chambersburg ; Matilda, wife of E. A. Lesley, Esq. ;
Stewart (M.D.); and William, of Pottsville, Pa. In
1849, Dr. Kennedy, Sr., lost his wife, and about that
time he received through a fall an injury of the hip-
joint which prevented his leaving his chair without
assistance. The last two years of his life were spent
in great physical pain. He died March 1, 1852, in
his fifty-fourth year. His remains repose in the cem-
etery of the Falling Spring Church of Chambersburg,
of which he was a ruling elder, as well as of the First
Presbyterian of Easton during his residence in that
place. A number of young men who have since
made their mark in the world studied medicine under
his tutelage, among whom were Drs. C. B. Ferguson,

J. C. Kennedy, H. H. Abernethy, ■ ■ Wilson, and

William Shipman. Of fine personal appearance and
impressive manners, Dr. Kennedy possessed a magnet-
ism which was felt by and endeared him to all with

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 128 of 190)