James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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1832, leaving Browne in control of the paper until

lie sold out to Franklin FergUSOO, early in the i n-

-uiiiL' fall.

M r. Browne was descended ft an old and respect-
able Quaker family in Philadelphia that came to this
country with William Penn. Hi- career here seems
t.i have been satisfactory and successful in i verything
except finances. He sold hi- half-interest to Frank-
lin Ferguson, tn October, 1832, he started the War-
ren Journal, and subsequently he went to Ohio and
started the now famous Toledo Blade. He returned
to this county in 1845, was elected county clerk, and
died iii office in 1850, aged forty-two years, leaving a
wife and two children.

Franklin Fei te here from Bridgeton,

Cumberland Co. lie conducted the paper accept-
ably for about three years, when, having sold the
Apollo tn Frederick P. Sheldon, he removed to Cam-
den, V J., continued his journalistic labors, and died
there July 9, 1877, upwards of seventy >ear- of age.
For many Mar- he was an active and consistent
member of the Methodist Church, and an esl
and useful citizen.

In 1885, Frederick Perkins Sheldon became the

editor and proprietor, and kept a drujr- and l k -store

in the building now occupied as a dwelling by John

]■". Tinsm ican I louse, where

e was located lor many years, lie came here,

id, from Trenton. He w a- a man of fair ab

and in person was small and delicate. He died April
1 I, I 888, di the thirtieth year of hi- age.

At the time of Mr. Sheldon's di ath the Apollo was
in a feeble and embarrassed condition, and contribu-
tions amounting to about fifteen hundred dollars were

made by pr inent Whigs in the county and the

paper put under the control of William P. Robeson,
.1, P. B. Maxwell assuming the editorial management.
Mr. Maxwell was re-elected to Congress in L840, but,
it i- said, retained a large pecuniar) and general in-
terest in the .!/,■,//,, till his death, in 1845.

hi L840, the paper was enthusiastic in rap] of

Gen. Harrison. Mr. Maxwell was a man of m. hie

character, intrepid spirit, line culture, and superior
ability. (See a more extended sketch on preceding

In 1889, Allen bf. Wilson, son of Hon. James Jef-
ferson Wilson, came from Trenton to work as editor

and printer on the Apollo. But he did not assume
the entire control "t' the paper until about 1844.

For a short time Wilson and a man by the name
of Britton, from Trenton, were partner- in the paper.
Mr. Britton's capital was BOOH rank, and he went



526



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



out of the business. Judge W. P. Robeson had
money, enterprise, generosity, political position, and
ambition. He therefore furnished the oil with which
the wick of the Apollo was kept burning for several
years.

In 1848 or 1849, Allen N. Wilson left the paper and
went to Somerville, where he continued his journal-
istic labors till his death, which occurred in 1852.
He had a keen intellect, brilliant wit, an overflowing
humor, and was a prince of good fellows. For a time
Joseph Cook, brother to the late Simon Cook, assisted
Wilson. Judge Aaron Robertson, among others, oc-
casionally contributed articles.

George & Wilson became proprietors, March 29,
1849, and they changed the name to The Intelligen-
cer. The partnership was dissolved Feb. 7, 1850, and
George went to Philadelphia, where he carried on the
printing business and amassed a fortune. Alexander C.
Wilson, who was a brother to Allen N. Wilson, then
became editor and proprietor of the Apollo, dur-
ing which time he wrote strong and pungent edito-
rials and achieved an enviable reputation as a jour-
nalist. When the New York Times was started, Mr.
Wilson was offered a position on its editorial staff;
he accepted, and therefore left the Apollo, June 12,
1851. His mind was quick and vigorous, his read-
ing and acquirements extensive. He remained for
some years on the Times, finally went to London, was
agent for the foreign Associated Press dispatches until
his health failed, aud is now connected with the Asso-
ciated Press of this country.

A. C. Hulshizer, son of Daniel Hulshizer, of Stew-
artsville, succeeded Wilson and maintained control of
the Apollo till Aug. 11, 1855, when Lewis Gordon
bought it. Hulshizer was a graduate of Princeton
College, a good writer, a genial fellow, and made a
fair paper. Lewis Gordon, a native of Clinton, N. J.,
was a practical printer, an industrious and steady man.
Under Gordon the paper was prosperous. He sold
to Franklin P. Sellers, Nov. 2, 1858, and bought the
Easton Free Press. He is now publishing a daily in
Pittston, Pa. Mr. Sellers was a sturdy man, and a
practical printer of great industry. He learned" his
trade in Pennsylvania, and worked for a long time in
a printing-office in Doylestown with the venerable
Simon Cameron, with whom in after-years he kept up
friendly relations; his death occurred in 1863.

Jan. 8, 1864, Andrew J. Shampanore became pro-
prietor. He changed the name of the paper to Bel-
videre Intelligencer and Warren County Republican. A
young man named Vansant was connected with Sham-
panore in 1866. Mr. Shampanore is a native of War-
ren County, and learned his trade in the Warren Jour-
nal office. He now edits and publishes the Bound
Brook Chronicle.

William Burgess, who had been a teacher in Penn-
sylvania, took charge of the Apollo April 12, 1867.
He left April, 1868, and was afterwards appointed to
an Indian agency. He now lives in the West.



In April, 1869, Jacob Lundy Brotherton assumed
control of the paper and edited it for a year, during
which he changed its name back to the Belvidere
Apollo. He was descended from a Quaker family in
Morris County, and related to the Lundy family in
this county. He now lives in Philadelphia.

Sharps Mellick, a resident then and now of Belvi-
dere, and a graduate of the Warren Journal office,
purchased the Apollo in April, 1870, and conducted it
for one year, making a sprightly and well-printed
paper.

In 1871 the present editor, Josiah Ketcham, be-
came editor and proprietor of the Apollo, being asso-
ciated for the first three months with O. B. Badgely.
Mr. Ketcham was born in this county in 1841, where
he has since resided. He received a liberal educa-
tion, chose the law for a profession, — which he studied
for some time, — prepared himself for college, but en-
tered the editorial sanctum of the Apollo instead, and
has made his paper the beacon-light of his party in
Warren County.

TIIE WARREN JOURNAL.

The Warren Journal first made its appearance on
Oct. 30, 1832, under the editorial management of
James I. Browne. In size it was twenty-one by thirty
inches, six columns, set in brevier and long primer
type. It contained only a little over two columns of
advertising, including notices for the Philadelphia
Times and. "Godey's Lady's Book." In politics it
was a staunch supporter of " Old Hickory," and the
first number presented as "the People's candidates,
for President, Andrew Jackson, and Vice-President,
Martin Van Buren." Its editorials were directed
against the " United States Bank" and urged the put-
ting down of all " monopolies." Browne published
it but a short time, when he transferred it to Nelson
S. Hibbler, who, in August, 1833, sold it to George
W. Clason and Daniel Grant Fitch, two young prac-
tical printers. In their introductory they say that
they " come to advocate the Jeffersonian principles of
equal rights." Nov. 25, 1834, Mr. Fitch retired* and
went to Louisburg, Pa., where for a time he published
the Standard. About 1841 he returned to Belvidere

* He died quite suddenly at Dayton, Ohio, April 1, 1881. He removed
to that city in 1848, purchased a half-interest in the Western Empire, in
the publication of which (in 1850) Mr. Clason became his partner ; this
interest continued for several yearn, but both subsequently retired from
the paper. Mr. Fitch was adjutant-general of the State under Governor
Bishop, and held other minor offices under the State government of
Ohio. He was a brother of Charles W. Fitch, late editor of the Mani-
towoc (Wis.) Herald, hut now in the Department of the Interior at
Washington. Daniel G. was married at Newton, Sussex Co., about the
year 1834, to the second daughtor of tlio late Judge Joseph Y. Miller,
who survives him. They had five children,— three sons and two daugh-
ters. All were born in Now Jersey except the youngest. The oldest
son, William Grant Fitch, lias been cashier of the First National Bank
at Milwaukee, Wis., for the past twenty years. The other two sons,
— Charles and Albert, — both of whom became printers, are dead. The
two daughters are both living. Mr. Fitch was a forcible writer, and as
a man was genial, generous, and popular. During his residence in New
Jersey, Mr. Fitch was an active member of the order of ( Idd-Fellows, and
at the session of the Grand Lodge in 1847 was elected to the office of
Most Worthy Grand Master, which office ho filled wilh marked ability.



THE PRESS OF WAKKKN (OINTV.



527



and re-entered the Journal office. Mr. Clason sold
his interest to Mr. Fitch, who conducted the paper
I'm a short time, but, owing to financial embarrass-
lii' hi- Boon niter ii> purchase, was obliged to retrans-
fi r ii to Clason. July 18, 1848, Mr. Claaon enlarged
me paper by the addition of one column to each page
uihI adding about one inch to the length of each col-
ii in n .

On June 13, lS. _ >o r Mr. < Mason disposed of the Jour-
nal in the Hon. Elj Moore, of S'ew York City. Mr.
Score in early life emigrated to New York from Sus
County, after serving the usual apprenticeship to
inting business in the office of the Sussex Reg-
ister. In New York he had become a successful poli-
tician, having filled various offices and 1 ■ * - • - » i elected to
Congress lor two term-, lie iv;b a vigorous writer
anil a popular and effective stump-speaker. For a
feme the Journal flourished under his management,
and became a power not only in the politics of the
. but of the entire State. While eonneeted
with the Journal he became ft candidate for United
Bates senator, in 1851, and lacked only a few votes
of an election.

i in Aug. II. L853, the paper passed into the hands
ill' Lewis ( '. Reese, who at thai li wa- surrogate of

lie county. He published it lor a short lime only.

i Sept. 24, 1853, it passed into the hands of
William H. Hemenover. On Feb. 18, 1854, he asso-
ciateil with him Jacob Sharp, who continued one
\ear. when lie dispo ed of his interest to Hampden
Mo..re. a son of its former editor, Hon. Ely Moore.
This partnership continued until Feb. 11, 185G, when
Mr. Hemenover retired, and Mr. Moore became Bole
eilitor and proprietor.

In 1858, Mr. Moore became financially embarrassed,
ami the journal was purchased l'\ a si,, e|; company,
with Judge Philip II. Ilanii as president and the
then county clerk, Jehiel T. Kern, secretary and

rer; and on Sept. 24, 1858, Mr. Moore termi-
nated his connection with it editorially.

On Oct. 6, 1858, Charles W. Jay, a man of large
experience in the newspaper business, and known

throughout the State as .i t' the most versatile and

ready writers connected with the newspaper p
the State, assumed editorial control for the stock-
holders. It was during the excitement occasioned by
Ihe" Kansas-Nebraska bill," and Douglas had a strong

ing among the Democracy of the county. Jay

at the time held a position in the cusl -house at

Philadelphia under I'.uehaiian's appointee. lie at-
tempted to .-tump the county in the interest of Wil-
liam Patterson, the administration candidate for
- . bul became so disgusted at the rebuffs he
reeeived — notably at Walnut Vallej thai he left the

enmity in disgust, al t Nov. I. 1858. The paper

wa- then run bj the association until January, L859,
.lehiel T. Kern and Dr. Redford Sharp doing the

editorial work.

John Simerson, o graduate of the Hunit rdon < bunty



Democrat office, a young printer, having been induced

to lake charge of the paper, eame to lielvidere on Jan.

1. 1859, and became it- editor and publisher. The
subscription-lisl and advertising and jobbing patron-
age of the paper had he ie very small by the fre-

changea through which the paper had pre-
viously pa I. By dint of hard work, in a -hort time

much of its old-time patronage and prestige were re-
stored.

hi \pril. L867, Mr. Adam Bellis, of Flemington,
having purchased the stock, became sole proprietor
and publisher, Mr. Simerson retaining hi- connection
with it in the eapaeity of assistant editor. Mr. Bellis
restocked the office with new material, purchased a
power-press, and made many other improvements.

The Journal has been since it- first establishment
the organ of the 1 democratic party of the county, and
under all it- various changes of ownership has
deviated from the landmark- sel up by its founders

and prop ctors. y

out li: PAPERS.

77» Mountain Visitor, published by K. P. Banks
and J. I. Browne, at Beh idere, Warren < !o., was estab-
lished in 1*l".>. This was the firsl attempt to issue a
miscellaneous periodical in the upper part of tin-
state.

The Family Virilor, a literary and miscellaneous
weekl] paper, was issued firsl in 1839 by .Manning F.

Stillwell, a practical printer, who in 1853

the//- The Vititor was continued

about two years, when it was suspended.

The Warrei 1 small weekly

paper, was published from the Warren Journal office
by John W. White and Rev. Mr. Reeves -John W.

Wyckoff managing editor— in July. L854, and was

ndi 'I in Noi ember of the same j ear.

The firsl and only daily newspaper published in

Belvidere was called The I [I was a small

four-pagi paper, and was first is-ued on July 21, 1SS0,
and suspended publication on November 18th of the

same year. It was intended primarily a- a campaign

paper. The publishers were Messrs. Sharps Mellick
ami Hamilton Fish, two practical printers.

[I.— PRESS OF tfACKETTSTOWN.

II.M'KI.lT-ToW N i;\.

The HackeUttown OazelU was first issued in 1858,
by Manning F. Stillwell, who published
year and -old it to Khen Winioi,. Mr. Wintou con-
tinued to own and manage the paper till 1861, when
he disposed of it to Messrs. I iodly <v Able, who con-
ducted it till 1866, in which year Kli W. Osmun

tl litor and proprietor, and conducted it

with ability for eleven years, or until a -hurt time
before his death, which oeenrred In 1878. During
his administration of the Qazelti it was a strong ad-
vocate of temp, ranee. Since hi- decease the paper
has been c lucted by his father, Mr. Ziba Osmun.

It was at lir-t independent in politic-, but -inee the



528



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



war lias been Democratic. It has been enlarged
somewhat from its original size, and has a good cir-
culation.

THE HERALD,

the only other paper published at Hackettstown, was
established during the Greeley campaign of 1872. It
continues to be Independent or Liberal Republican
in its political tone. E. 0. Higgins is the proprietor.

III.— PRESS OF PHILLIPSBURG.
THE WAEEEN DEMOCRAT.

Phillipsburg's first newspaper was the Phillipsburg
Standard, founded in 1860 by Peter Kelchner and
James Smith. Its politics were Republican and its
life a short one. Thaddeus G. Price started the War-
ren Democrat in 1866. For a brief time in 1869 and
1870 he printed a daily edition called The Daily Mail,
butitfailedto pay. In 1872, J.W.Wood and C.F. Fitch
purchased The Democrat of Price, and iD 1876 Wood
sold his interest to R. E. Godschalk. In January,
1880, Fitch became sole proprietor, and thus remains.
The paper has been Democratic in politics since its
foundation.

IV.— PRESS OF BLAIRSTOWN.
Previous to 1S77 there had been no newspaper pub-
lished in what is termed the northern part of Warren
Count5 r , while the growing interests of the flourishing
village of Blairstown and vicinity seemed to demand
a publication of that kind, and Jacob Z. Bunnell,
a practical printer, of Newton, Sussex Co., but for-
merly of Blairstown (having as a partner George W.
Dawkins, who retired from the firm in a few months),
embarked in the business and established The Blairs-
town Press, to whose columns we are greatly indebted
for many favors of a historical character, and Feb. 7,
1877, No. 1, Vol. I., of a twenty-eight-column weekly
was issued, whose bright and cheerful appearance and
newsy columns gladdened the hearts of its numerous
readers. The Press, which is yet published by its first
proprietor, is issued every Wednesday morning, and
enjoys a good patronage.

V— PRESS OF WASHINGTON.
The Star was first issued by E. W. Osmun, as its
editor and proprietor, Jan. 2, 1868. Andrew A. Neal
became the proprietor Oct. 2, 1869, and changed its
day of publication from Thursday to Saturday. It
was next published by the " Star Publishing Com-
pany," and edited by the Rev. R. B. Yard, from Jan.
1, 1871, to Aug. 12, 1871. At the last-named date
Joseph A. Wild & Co. assumed its management. The
Star office was purchased by O. B. Sigley & Co. from
the attorneys of Joseph A. "Wild, June 15, 1874 ; on
or about Aug. 11, 1877, 0. B. Sigley became sole
proprietor of the establishment. March 1, 1881, the
latter sold an interest to R. Vanhome, Jr., and the
firm is now known as Vanhorne & Sigley. Dur-
ing the Warren County ring trials a daily morning
newspaper was published from the Star office, contain-



ing a report of the court proceedings. In less than
two weeks the circulation was run up to sixteen hun-
dred copies daily. The Star is a thirty-two-column
weekly, of quarto form, issued on Fridays, at two
dollars per annum.

The Washington Review was established Sept. 15,
1877, by John W. Nutze. It is published weekly in
the Review building, on Washington Avenue ; it is a
twenty-four-column quarto, and the subscription price
is one dollar per annum.

The following are obsolete papers :

The Touchstone first appeared in 1870, published by
S. W. Herriek. It was a weekly, twenty-eight by
forty inches in size. It was published as late as 1874,
but about that time was discontinued.

The Warren County Chronicle was the successor to
the Touchstone, in 1874, and the following year was
merged with the Hackettstown Herald and Portland
Enterprise.



CHAPTER IX.

SOCIETIES.
I.— THE WARREN COUNTY BIBLE SOCIETY.

This association is as old as the county in which it
is located. When Warren County was formed, in
1824, many "good and devout" men within its limits
who hitherto had been members of the Sussex County
Bible Society, contributing in efforts and money to
the successful accomplishment of its worthy objects,
feeling that it was proper they should have a county
organization of their own, met, April 13, 1825, at the
new Presbyterian church, in Danville, pursuant to
previous notice, and instituted the " Warren County
Bible Society."

On that occasion the Rev. Jehiel Talmage preached
a sermon, after which Daniel Vliet was chosen moder-
ator, and William H. Sloau, Esq., secretary. A con-
stitution was adopted, and the following persons
chosen as the first officers of the society :

Williiini Kennedy, President ; Rev. Win. B. Sloan, First Vice-President ;
John M. Sherrerd, Second Vice-President; John Clark, Third Vice-
President; John Armstrong, Fourth Vice-President; W.H.Sloan, Re-
cording Secretary ; Rev. Joseph Campbell, Corresponding Secretary ; and
¥m. C. Morris, Treasurer.

MANAGERS.
Greenwich. — Thomas Stewart, Wm. Kennedy, Jacob Kline.
Mansfield.— Rev. J. R. Costlier, John M. Sherrerd. Henry M. Winter.
Oxford. — Rov. L. F. Leak, John Clark, John Kinney, Jr.
Knowllon. — Rov. Jehiel Talmage, Wm. C. Munis, Elijah Pierson.
Hardwick. — Rev. Benj. Lowe, John Armstrong, Grant Fitch.
Pahaquarrii. — Abraham Van dampen, Benj. Depuo, John Depue.
Independence. — Rev. Joseph Campbell, Job Johnston, John Stinson.

An executive committee of seven for each township
was also appointed, after which the society adjourned,
to meet in the Presbyterian church at Greenwich on
the second Tuesday of June following.

At the next meeting no business was transacted ex-
cept to further complete the organization of the soci-



SOCIETIES.



529



ety by the change of some of the members of the
board of managers and of the township executive
committees.

Tin- organization being now completed, the board
of managers held their firsl meeting Nor. 29, 1825, in
tin- Presbyterian church, Mansfield, hi which it was

. /, That tli" .-\" lutlro coram oral townships be

requested to take effectual n rtatn, without delay, what

bomber of Bibles maj wnshlp where they

id to re] ■ the oi ma in al their nexl i ting."

At a meeting of the managers, A pril 19, I 826, reso-
lutions were adopted directing the treasurer to dis-
tribute Hi'- Bibles on hand and appropriating forty
dollars to the purchase of more copies of the sacred
Scriptures.

The nexl annual iting was held at Marl

in June, 1826, at which a ucation was n ived

from John Moore, the Worshipful Master of Corin-
thian Lodge, No. 51, I'", and A. M., inclosing Hi

di ill in - and a resolution of the lodge that the si be

presented to the society. This free-will offering was
accepted, and thanks returned therefor. At thi- meet-
ing ill' 1 society voted to be ne auxiliary >" the

American Bible Societj .

In 1827 tli«' Na^-aii Hall Bible Societj tendered

agents t" t icplore each township of this county and

mi tin- number of families destitute of Bibles.

ide tli'- canvass, and reported tour hundred and

iif\ I imihss as destitute. In tin' i til oi Ihia year five

hundred Bibles were purchased and dial ril I to thi

chairmen of the executive committees of each town-
Bhip. The managers met on Nen Year's Day, 1828,
at Harmony, when they ordered the purchase and
distribution of two hundred and fifty more Bibles.
At a meeting of the board held al Danville, Dec. 25,
hey were risked for the firsl time by Rev. Mr.
Pairchild, agent of the American Bible Society.

\, cording to pn i ious \n\ itation, I he Sussex I 'ountj
Bible Society mel with this societj at the Yellow
Frame meeting-house, Feb. 8, 1829, and Bpent the

day in converse and prayer for the pr tion of the

phject they mutually had in view. A feu months
after this memorable meeting the i lagers al Green-
wich, Aug. 11, 1829) adopted t ho following resolution :

i, Thai il"' Warren Count] BIU - i Divine

luenco i ied in their eudeavor, will ralsoSI m year t"

.u-l ihs pai rj [ng i"i" »'ii>' i tfa to supprj
i tltnte family in the I nlted States with thoTJTlilo."

Considering that tin' county had a populatii f

i eighteen thousand, ami possessed nol one-
tenth "T iis present wealth, thi- was "in- of the most
important acta which tin' society ever attempted t"
perform. At a meeting held at I Ixford, .inly 20, 1880,
less than one month from the completion of the year,
it was found thai a " masterly inactivity" had po
Bomeof the township committees, and that three hun-
dred and twenty-four dollars and twenty-five cents
was required to be raised to redeem their pledge.
Whereupon the Revs. J. R. Castner, Joseph Camp-



bell, and I. N". Candie, and lay members John M.
Sherrerd, George Creveling, William I'. Robeson,
Lefferd Haughawout, M. 0. Habited, William I .
Mortis, Robert < '. Stephens, Abram Bidleman, George
Weir, and Job Johnston, Esqs., volunteered to aid
the township committees to raise the required Bum.
This was nobly done. At the meeting of the society
held agreeable t" adjournment, at Harmony, Aug. 7.
1880, four 'lays before the expiration of the year, the

s f the collections was reported by the treasurer

as one thousand and thirty-eight dollars and eighty-
one cents. The whole amount was donated t" the
in Bible Society.

In L831 and 1832 the society supplied the destitute
at the county almshouse with Bibles, and the Sabbath-

scl 1- of the county with the New Testament, !"■-

-iil.'s contributing to the parent society and to the
New Jersey Bible Society to aid in Bending the
"Word of Life" throughout the United States and
to the natives of the Sandwich [elands. In 1 S3G the
county w: ' s again canvassed, S. B. Ayres, the agent,
reporting two hundred and thirty-four destitute fami-
lies; the ai ■ year two hundred Bibles were pur-
chased and distributed.

At Greenwich, .May I. 1838, it was i "■ t - — t proposed to
establish a depository of Bibles at the county-seat,
and August 7th of the -aim- year two hundred dollars
were appropriated for that purpose. The first contri-
bution from an> religious bodj was in L841, being
fifty dollars from the Presbyterian Church of Belvi-



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 133 of 190)