James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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one year, who gave place to Mr. Michaels, a native

* By John SimorBOU, of Belvidere.



of Ireland. He is represented as a man of superior
education, but somewhat intemperate.

In 1822 a stone school-house, two stories high and
about 24 by 26 feet, was erected on the north side
of the Pequest. July 4, 1823, the heirs of Thomas
Paul, deceased, in consideration of the sum of one
dollar, conveyed to Peter Kleinhaus, John Kinney,
Jr., Thomas Croxall, Jacob Kleinhaus, Samuel Wil-
son, Jeremy Mackey, and George W. King, trustees of
Belvidere Academy, the lot upon which this building
was erected, which is described as being "situate in
the town of Oxford, in the county of Sussex, being a
part of two lots ; also a part of the undivided estate
of Thomas Paul, Esq., deceased, as laid down in the
general plan on the town plot of the town of Mercer."

The first teacher in this building was Mr. Michaels.
He taught for about two years, and was followed by
Henry McMiller, a son of Hyman McMiller. He
taught for one year. He afterwards studied law, and
is now an honored member of the Philadelphia bar.

He was followed by Chapman Warner, who taught
for a number of years. Warner was what was gener-
ally denominated a "Yankee schoolmaster," well
educated, but cruel in his punishments.

In 1833 the school was kept by William Lefever.
Nov. 10, 1834, D. Dexter Campbell, the present post-
master at Oxford, took charge of the school. He
taught until April, 1838. He again had charge of the
school from April, 1835, to April, 1847. In 1838 he
was succeeded by Stephen B. Ransom, who taught for
one year. Ransom, at present residing in Jersey
City, now stands in the front rank of the legal pro-
fession in New Jersey.

" All that part of the town of Belvidere lying on
the north side of Pequest Creek, in the corporate
limits of said town of Belvidere," was erected into a
separate district Aug. 11, 1857, with Peter S. Camp-
bell, William R. Sharp, and Theodore Carhart as
trustees.

In 1860 it was resolved by the voters of the district
to erect a new school-house on the lot then owned by
the district, at a cost not exceeding $2000. That year
the old stone building was torn down, and a new
frame school-house, two stories high, 30 by 80 feet,
erected. The building contains four large rooms,
with a capacity to seat about 300 pupils. The trus-
tees having charge of this work were Hon. William
Silverthorn, Silas Innis, and Jeremy Person. George
W. Hoag was appointed principal, with Rebecca T.
Love and Mary E. Innis assistants. Hoag taught for
six years. As a teacher he had but few superiors.

Jeremy Frutchy taught from 1864 to 1865; J. B.
Woodward, from 1865 to 1868 ; L. Martin, from 1868
to 1870 ; and Mr. Fred. Nighton, from 1870 to the date
of the reconsolidation of the district.

Then in 1847 came James Norton, who was followed
by E. L. Campbell, and he by John Godown, and he
by Mr. Stevens. Jennie Love and Rebecca T. Love
also taught a part of the time prior to 1860.



TOWN OF BELVIDERE.



539



In April, 1839, Mr. ' 'hristie, an earnest and success-
la] teacher, took charge of the Bchool, and was fol-
lowed by William II. Hemingway, Lacy Jenks, and
Mr. and .Mrs. Scoville.

In 1854 the district was divided, the Pc(|Hfst ( 'reek



thoroughly graded them, and nnder his administra-
tion the advancement was marked and rapid. In the

tall 'if 1874 he resigned.
'I'll.- same fall Son. Jacob Sharp, I >r. 1'. P. Brakeley,

and John Simerson were elected trustees. L. K.



being the dividing line, the district on the south -ide Stroiiso was appointed principal, followed in the fall

of the creek being designated as No. 1, and on the of 1875 by Edwin I-'. Way, a graduate of Dickinson

forth side as No. 2. May 11, 1854, a meeting of voters Seminary, Pennsylvania. Oct. 1. 1878, William .S.

of Districi No 2 was held at the hotel of William It. Sweeney was appointed, and i> -till the very efficient

Urokaw, for the purpose of electing trustees. Adrian principal of the schools, with Mary E. Campbell,



I.ott was elected for three year-. Levi S. Johnson for
two years, and Simeon Cook for one year.
Peter I). Vroora and .lames \v. Wall presented the

district with a lot on Mansfield and Independence

St reel-.

May I, 1857, a new election for trustees was held,



Lillie G. Bittenhousc, Allie M. Cole, I.iz/.ie O. Neil.
Belle Reese, and Maria 0. Britton as assistants.

The present trustees are Dr. Philip F. Brakeley,
President; John Simerson, Clerk; and William M.
Mackey.

Total amount of money received in 1879 for school



and .lames M. Robeson, Isaac Daily, and Israel liar- purposes, S2fj(;x.2!>. Value of school property, slono.

ris were elected trustees. The same year a frame Total number of children in district between the ages

Building, 88 bj 72 feet, was erected on the lot donated of five and eighteen year-, 552. Number enrolled,

by Wall and Yroom.al a cost of $1800. It was fur- ",'M . Average attendance, 277. The school-houses

nisheil with modern furniture, and opened in 1858, will seat 350.

with Mr. Goodsell as teacher. He taught one year, There was during the same period a large number

and was followed by J. B. Woodward, with Cornelia of private schools kept on both sides of the Pequest.

Sharp and Mary I tepuc as assistant teachers. The house now occupied by John Tinsman was at one

In 1861, M. A. Wan-in was appointed teacher. He time used as a school-house, and there was n small

Stayed one year, when he resigned, and i- at the pres- frame building standing where the Apollo office is now

ent time State Bchool superintendent of South Cam- located thai was used for a time as a school building.

lina. There was also a one-story frame building on Water

Frederick Browning was hi- successor, and taught Slnet, which has since been removed, and is now

ftom 1862 to 1864. Miss L. V. Stock well taught in standing at the rear of S. T. Dickinson's lot, thai was

the same school from lsr.i tol865; B. S. Braddock, used for school purposes. The male teachers in these
pom 1864 to 1865. He was followed byJohnFlavel buildings were Mr. Beach, I. W. Candee, Mr. Ron-
pel lee, who taught for one \ ear, assisted by F. Eureka toller, Jonathan < Irampton, and John Oodown. The
Barris, who occupied the position of assistant teacher female teachers were Ruth Innis, Lucy Jenks, E.



from 1865 to 1869. After the resignation oi McGee,

Miss Hannah B. Sherrcrd was appointed to lake

charge of the scl I.

Next came Tl lis M. Edwards, who taught from

ra68 to 1870. George M. Mershon taught for a Bhorl

time, and was followed by John Chandler and Lizzie

Ingle, who taught in the school until the reconsoli-
dation of the district, in 1871.

In the winter oi' ]s;i the Legislature passed an ac(
providing for the consolidation of all school districts
in incorporated towns and boroughs. In the same
year were elected as trustees for the consolidated di -
triets John B, B I.iieid. John V. Deshong, and

Adam B. Searles. John (handler was made princi-
pal of the Water Street scl I, with Miss Lizzie Still-
veil and Miss \. V Lanterman as assistant teachers.
In the Mansfield Street school, Rev. Frederick Knigh-
ton was installed as principal, with Mi - Lizzie Angle

a.- assistant.

The next year the trustees appointed J. C Schull,
a graduate of Lafayette College, principal of both
. with S. K. Moore and Miss K. K. Myers,



Nichols, Miss Brown, Miss Mellick, and others.

SI U'l.l U \N IN-I ] I I IT

In or about the year 1855, 1 >r. J. Mar-hall Paul, " in

commemoration of bis mother, erected at a very con-
siderable expense a building called the 'Stadleman
Institute,' in which be placed at great additional ex-
pense and trouble a good scientific apparatus, a very
fair library, and a reading-room, « itb newspapers and
periodicals. This institute he intended for lectures
and entertainments of a scientific and instructive
as well as for an habitual resort lor the youth
of the town of Belvidere. But in spite of his energy
and personal popularity the bucolic mind failed to
grasp the offered advantages; and, after a sufficient

time to realize hi- failure, l>r. Paul removed the

books and apparatus, altered the building into a
dwelling, and presented it to the Second Presbyterian
Church for a parsons

i mi u ■ grant \t:v.
That majestic-looking building -landing on the
brow of the hill north of the Pequest, and known as



Lizzie Stillwell, Fannie Person, Lizzie Angle, and the 1'emalc Seminary buildings, is another literary
Mary Nichols as assistant teachers. Mr. Schull im- pearl he people of this town and sur-

inediately set to work to reorganize the schools. He rounding country. There it stands, a noble monu-



540



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



ment to the fidelity of its projectors to the educational
interests of the then rising generation. It was built
about 1855.

BELVIDERE CLASSICAL ACADEMY.

The building with the above title is located on the
southeast corner of Third and Greenwich Streets.
The lot upon which the building stands was donated
by Garret D. Wall for school purposes in 1841 or 1842,
and the academy erected soon after. The first prin-
cipal was Rev. R. B. Foresman, now pastor of the
"Yellow Frame" Church, in Frelinghuysen township.

V.— CHURCHES.

FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH OF BELVIDERE.

Agreeable to public notice duly given, a meeting of
those interested in the doctrines of Christianity as
laid down in the church polity of the regular Baptist
denomination was held in the Stadleman Institute
building, in Belvidere, Aug. 13, 1859, for the purpose
of constituting a Baptist Church. Rev. J. G. Penny
was elected as moderator of the meeting, and E. G.
Worman secretary. The following-named persons
then presented letters of dismission from other Bap-
tist Churches, wdiich were duly received, — viz. :

Rev. J. G. Penny, John Bnrd, Anna Bryant, Prudence Sharp, John
Frome, Phebe Prall, E. G. Worman, Delia Nelson, Charlotte Brands,
Sarah Slack, Elizabeth Frome, Charlotte E. Worman, Richard Hol-
comb, Thankful Holcomb, Moses Burd, Susan Burd, Sarah Barrass,
and Nellie Burd.

By a resolution adopted by the meeting, the above-
named persons were constituted a regular Baptist
Church, to be called and known as the " First Bap-
tist Church of Belvidere." Rev. J. G. Penny was
engaged as pastor of this new church, and remained
two years, preaching in the Stadleman Institute
building.

The church was without a pastor from the resigna-
tion of Mr. Penny until Feb. 14, 1864, when Rev.
Charles E. Cordo accepted a call in connection with
the then flourishing Baptist Church at Ramsaysburg.

The services were transferred from the institute
building in 1864 to the court-house, where divine
service continued to be held until June, 1865, when,
by a resolution of the board of freeholders of Warren
County, the court-house doors were closed against
Mr. Cordo and his congregation.

From this time until October public service was
held regularly in the park in front of the court-house,
when in that month services were transferred to the
town-hall, on Water Street. Here the Baptists wor-
shiped until the next May, 1866, when the new board
of freeholders rescinded the resolution of the old board,
and offered the church the use of the court-house till
such time as they could build a meeting-house. This
offer was accepted, which was the cause of the imme-
diate resignation of Rev. C. E. Cordo as pastor of this
church.

The church was then furnished with supplies from
December, 1865, to May, 1866, when Rev. Thomas



Fowler Borchers became pastor. During his pasto-
rate of two years the present church edifice was built,
at a cost of $13,000. It is of brick, 38 by 65 feet,
surmounted by a spire of 125 feet. The building is
located on the north side of the public square, corner
of Third and Hardwick Streets, on a lot purchased
of Hon. George M. Robeson.

The corner-stone was laid July 4, 1866, by Revs.
C. D. Armstrong, J. K. Manning, and Henry Osborn,
assisted by the deacons of the church. The meeting-
house was dedicated in February, 1868, by Rev. O.
P. Yerkes, assisted by the pastor, Rev. Mr. Borcher.
Mr. Borchers resigned his pastorate in May, 1868.

The church was without a pastor until October,
1868, when Rev. John G. Entrikin accepted a call;
he remained until 1873, when the church was again
without a pastor till 1874, when Rev. A. B. McGoun
became pastor, in connection with the " Montana
Baptist Church." One year later he was succeeded
(1875) by Rev. Cyrus W. O. Nyce, who remained four
years, resigning Dec. 27, 1879.

The church was again without a pastor till April,
1880, when George Young supplied the pulpit till
August of that year, at which time Rev. Henry A.
Chapman accepted a call in connection with the Bap-
tist Church at Phillipsburg, and is the present pastor,
preaching at Belvidere in the morning and at Phil-
lipsburg in the evening.

Richard Holcomb, one of the constituent members,
was killed by the explosion of the ill-fated steamer
"Alfred Thomas," of which he was part owner, March
6, 1860.

This church started with 17 members, and has re-
ceived 71 by baptism, 50 by letter, 2 by restoration ;
total, 140. Dismissed, 39; expelled, 32; died, 19.
Present membership, 50. Present value of church
property, $10,000, free of debt.

First deacons, John Frome, William E. Stites.
First trustees, John Hyman, George Swarts, Chris-
topher Sharp, Enoch G. Worman, John Frome.
Present deacons, John Hyman, John H. Norton, and
Charles Sapp. Present trustees, John Hyman, John
H. Norton, and Daniel C. Smith. Church clerk,
John Hyman.

The Sunday-school connected with this church was
organized in June, 1864, with 23 scholars, and John
Frome superintendent. It has a membership of 86
scholars, 8 teachers, and 4 officers, and an average
attendance of 50, with John Hyman as superin-
tendent.

Revs. Cordo and Borchers were both ordained in
this church.

METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH OF BELVIDERE.*

The Methodist Episcopal Church was first organ-
ized in Belvidere in 1826, although there had been
preaching by the pioneer preachers of this denomina-
tion from time to time, at the houses of various per-

* By John Simersou.



TOWN OF BELVEDERE.



541



sons, from about 1812. The first board of trustees
consisted of John Hutchings, Rev. George Bang-
hiirt, Peter A. Miller. Nathan Eoagland, Jami
bert, Howell Goodrich, and James Dewitt. At the
meeting which was called lor the election of trus-
tees a resolution was adopted that the new organiza-
tion should be known as "The Trustees ofWesleyan
Chapel of Belvidere." Aujr. S, I s -"', a certificate was

filed in tl nice of i he county clerk, Betting forth the

name chosen and the trustees elected. The following
Vear a small edifice was erected at the head of Mar-
set Street, just above the poinl where the Belvidere
Delaware Railroad now crosses the street. The
church was built of brick, in old-fashioned stj le, with

Balleries running around the Bides and i end, high

pulpit, and capable of seating 300 persons.

Alter the completion of the church aiel until 1840,

Belvidere constituted a pari of a circuit embracing
krgi portion of the surrounding country, and « is
regularly supplied with ministers senl by the Phils
Helphia Conference until New Jersey was made a
Separate I lonference, after which it was supplied from
that source. Rev. William E. Perry was thi

Minister appointed to the circuit, and served fr

1888 to 1840. The first regularly stationed minister
pas the Rev. Vincent Bheppard, who remained one
year, lie was followed by

i, i. ■ lh ittlo, 1-11 13; i: I i- 1 ' . - 11 ; Edmund

I!:. 1*11 IS; John Scarlet, 1840 IT; John Tovrnlj Crane, 1-17 1*:

I -60.

Iii 1st; tbi congregation had grown to such pro-
portions that the " little church" on the hill had he-
come entirely inadequate to their wants, and a new
church and location were discussed by the eon
Hon. At this time the rivalr) between the citizens of
the north ami south Bides of the Pequesl was very great,
and each Bought by everj mean- within their power
to increase the growth and prosperity of their own
siil.-. \- an inducement to locale the new church on

the north side of the Pcquest, Tl lore s. Paul

offered to present the trustees with a lot of land on
Market Street, where tin- Second Presbyterian church
now stands, and Dr. J. Marshall Paul agreed to aup-
nl the gift with a contribution of $200. The
Hon. i : arret I '. Wall, iii laying oul the town-plol on
the south Bide of the creek, had set apart three lots
lacing the public square, and on opposite sides, for
church purposes. He offered to present the trustees
a lot on Bardwick Street. The far-seeing members

M the hoard of trustees and the pa-tor, Mr. Craves,
were not slow to recognize the fact that the town

would naturally, from the location of th< unty

buildings and other causes, extend south, and advo-
cated the acceptance of the Wall lot, Bui then
was a reluctance on the part of some to accept it,
thinking the situation was too far on one ~i> li- of the

town. Then it was proposed to pun has.- the lot ad-

the Warren House, where the dwelling of
Mrs, Lucy A. Young now stands, on the corner of



front and Mill Streets. Alter much debate the trus-
i 1848, as a Btarting-point, resolved to demolish
the old church. The Rev. Mr. i iraves, thinking this
a favorable opportunity to fully commit the trustees
to the work of rebuilding, and fearing they might re-
consider their action, was on the ground early the
nexl morning after the adopti if tic- resolution,

and with the aid of a ['arty which he had collected

together, knocked down the walls of the old building.
From that time until the completion of the hasement
of the new building the Methodists worshiped in the
court-house.

At lir-t it wa- resolved to accept the Bite adjoining
lie- Warren House, hut, some unforeseen diffi

arising relative to the purcha f the lot, it was

finally resolved to accept the oiler made by Gen.
Wall. Ii was resolved to build a new building 44 by
.with basement and class-r ns underneath

and the main audience-room above. In July. 1849,

the corner-stone was laid with appropriate cere-

monies and the work couiiiie I. A.ug. 29, 1850, a

deed was jriven liy Peter 1 1. Vroom and .lame- W.

Wall, trustees appointed by < (arret 1>. Wall, for a lot
100 feel front by 192 feet deep, to be used for church
purposes only. The main audience-room was not com-
pleted Until 1 8 I-"', and was dedicated January 5th.

Sepi. 8, 1867, was the beginning of a wonderful re-
vival under the pastoral charge of !.'• V. J. 1
Daniels, in which 175 persons joined the church.

In 1868 the trustees resolved to enlarge the church,
and in the latter part of that year an extension of 25
feet, with a recess of I feet deep by 15 feel wide, was

built. By this 40 new pews ware added, and three

new class-r is in the basement. < in the lasl Sab-
hath in July, lSii'.l, the church was reopened, when

the venerable Bishop Janes, who delivered the dedi-
catory sermon in 1855, preached a discourse. The
cosl of the extension was $5500.

In I 859, while the Rev. A. M. I 'aimer was preacher

iii charge, a substantia] brick parsonage was erected
on the lot adjoining the church.

The Rev. Mr. Crave,' successors were a- follows:

Rots. Hentj M. Brown, I860 S2j 9. W. Billiard, 18

»ur,ls.'.l 56; B.M. Griffith, U - ■- . s U Palmer, IS - 60; George

It. Day, 1860-64; Thorn . IBM

i,i:: Benjamin

Kelloy, 1870 73; J. .tin I.Morrow, 1-7 1-76; Richard Johns, 1876-79 ;

time.

TrutUet and Stewards. -The hoard of trustees con-
sists of Theodore Carhart, President ; John Sim. rson,
Secretary; Richard S. Drake, Simon Wade. Joseph
B. lull-, and George W. Tunis. The board of stew-
ards: l>r. Philip F. Brakeley, Moses A. Dewitt, Henry
I'., l'.air. Peter S. Yetter, Ira B. Keener, William K.
Brokaw, John Rusling, John Bimerson. I 1
steward, 1 >r. Philip F. Brakeley. Recording stew-
ard. John Simerson.

The church has now a membership of 226.

Sunday-School. — Its first Sunday-school was organ-



542



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



ized in 1826, with John Hutchings as superintendent.
It was mainly through the exertions of Mrs. Hutch-
ings that the school was organized. In 1828, upon
her removal from the town, Samuel T. Dickinson was
elected superintendent, and held that office until about
1860, when Theodore Carhart was elected. He has
since been regularly re-elected each year. The school
has been eminently successful under his administra-
tion, and numbers 235 scholars, 32 officers and teach-
ers, with an average attendance of 175.

FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.

Prior to 1830 there were only occasional Presby-
terian services held here. Presbyterians here consti-
tuted a part of the Oxford congregation. In the year
named regular services began to be held at the court-
house, conducted by the minister in charge of the
Oxford Church. Steps were soon taken to build a
house of worship. A board of trustees was formed,
consisting of John Kinney, Jr., George Hiles, George
E. King, Jeremy Mackey, Jared Sexton, Dr. George
Green, and John M. Sherrerd. The building, of
stone, was erected on the west side of the public
square, on ground offered by Hon. Garret D. Wall.
It was ready for use in 1834. The church was organ-
ized in November of that year by the Presbytery of
Newton. It consisted of 47 persons, dismissed at their
own request from the Oxford Church. Of these, George
R. King, William C. Morris, John M. Sherrerd, and
Chapman Warner had been elders in the Oxford con-
gregation, and were now chosen to the same office in
the new organization. Rev. Isaac N. Candee, who
for several years had been stated supply of the Oxford
Church, accepted a call and was installed as pastor in
Belvidere.

There have been added on confession from the
founding of the church to the present time (March,
1881) 346 persons. The number of actual communi-
cants is about 180.

The first building was replaced in 1860 by the pres-
ent one, which is of stone, rough-cast, and with a
graceful spire 140 feet high. The parsonage, which
adjoins the church, was bought by the congregation
in 1848.

The elders in present service are J. G. Shipman,
Samuel Sherrerd, Adrian Lott, and Adam B. Searles.
The office has been held in former times by Phineas
B. Kennedy, William H. Hemingway, Henry Mc-
Miller, John Welling, David M. Steiger, Elias Butz,
Alexander N. Easton, Simon F. Wyckoff, and Edward
Vanuxem.

The following is the succession of pastors, with the
dates of their accession, respectively :

Isaac N. Candee, 1 8 34 ; James Clark, 1840: Henry Reovos, 1800; William
II. Kirk, 1858; David 'fully, 1800; F. Reck Harbaugh, 1872 ; Wil-
liam A. Holliday, 1874.

All are yet living save Dr. Candee, who died in Il-
linois in 1874.



ZION CHURCH (EPISCOPAL).*

The Rev. L. P. Bayard, D.D., of Trinity Church,
Newark, in 1816, and the Rev. S. C. Stratton, during
1817, held the first regular missionary services at this
place. Among those who rendered acceptable service
in keeping alive the interest were the Revs. Benjamin
Holmes, R. Salmon, Clarkson Dunn, and Rev. Wil-
liam R. Whittingham, afterwards bishop of Maryland.
The Rt. Rev. G. W. Doane held his first visitation here
December, 1832, and from that time new life was in-
fused in the work. Sept. 30, 1833, a corporate parish,
was formed, and in less than a year a church partly
built, which was not completed until 1836. In 1837
the church was entirely paid for, and consecrated by
the bishop. The church has never been a strong in-
terest, being partly supported from the missionary
fund of the diocese. The present number of com-
municants (1881) is 35, and the church property is.
finely located and in a very good state of repair.

THE SECOND PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF BELVIDERE.

This church had its beginning July 4, 1849, at which
time a number of citizens of Belvidere, among whom
were Dr. J. Marshall Paul, Theodore S. Paul, Dr. R.
Byington, Israel Harris, and Ephraim Camp, ad-
dressed a letter to Rev. Edward Allen stating to him
that the time had arrived when it became a matter of
duty for them to engage in a new enterprise for the
advancement of religion in the town and its vicinity
according to the doctrines of the constitutional Pres-
byterian Church, and inviting him to preach to them
and their families, promising to him a new church
organization, a new church edifice, and all other sup-
port needed for the purpose of carrying out the object



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 136 of 190)