James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 138 of 190)
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years when the business was abandoned.

McMurtrie's saw-mill, at the mouth of the Pequest,
was originally built near the close of the last century.
The present mill is the third one upon the same site.

In the very early part of this century a tannery was
built on the right bank of the Pequest, upper part of
the village, and owned by Mackey, then by Sharp,
when it was destroyed by fire, and soon after was
rebuilt. It is now owned by Mr. Charles Siebert.
The motive-power used is steam.

The steam bending- works and wheel-factory of
J. V. Deshong was built in 1871 and used for a few
years, when the business was transferred to the brick
building adjoining McMurtrie's mill. Deshong's mill
is now idle.

A short time previous to 1S00, Thomas Croxall built
a saw-mill a short distance above where McMurtrie's
mill now stands ; it was taken down by McMurtrie
when he built his grist-mill. Near the same place was
a grist-mill, also built by Thomas Croxall, about the
year 1800. The grist-mill was burned in 1848 or 1849.

The Drake & Tinsman carriage-shop, on Prospect
Street, just north of the Pequest, was built in 1845 by
Bouton & Cramer, who manufactured carriages and
sleighs for a few years, and were succeeded by Dralce
& Tinsman, who abandoned the business in 1879.

The carriage-shops of J. V. Deshong were built by
him in 1851, on Water Street, where he is still en-
gaged in the business.




A.D-HAZEN



ISTANT POST MASTER GE



TOWN OF BELVIDERE.



:,17



.1. II. Brands' carriage-works were established in
1877 on Water Street.

The carriage-, wagon-, and sleigh-manufactory of
Messrs. A iki i'ii ia ii .V Widenor, on Water Street, was
built in 1880 by thai firm.

The pioneer blacksmith was George Hiles, oul on
the Levi S.Johnson place, as earlj as 1800. Mr. Biles
died in 1880. A man named McWickers bad :i Bhop
near the old Todd tavern in 1810, and, in 1825, Philip
Miller had a shop al the south end of Market Street
bridge.

McMurtrie's grist- and flouring-mill was com-
menced in 1876, and completed in 1^77 by A.bram
McMurtrie. The mill is driven by water-power, a
35-inch Leffel wheel beingused. Thisvasl establish-
ment embraces five floors. On the first floor are the
smut and brush machines for cleaning grain; in the
second story are the burrs for grinding the wheat, the
separators for cleaning the grain, and the packers for
packing the flour into paper bags and barrels. The
third and fourth Boors arc tilled with bolting-reels,
middling-purifiers, and bran-dusters.

THE BELVIDERE « WEB COMPANY,

formed in 1886, owned all the Pequest Creek and mill-
aites from the second, or Keener & Baird's; mill-
dam, tci Van Sickle's line, above Miller's bridge.
While in their possession it was somewhat improved

and mills built. Their title to the property ca

from Garret D. Wall, and i- now held by the"Bel-
videre Manufacturing Company," E. Van Nuxem,
Abraham McMurtrie, and R. I.. Kennedy.

In L888 or L839 the water company built the race
thai now conveys water to McMurtrie's grist-mill, and
in the same year constructed the brick building next
west of McMurtrie's mill, and pul in machinery
for the manufacture of cotton goods. The factory

v. as in racce jful operal ioi til the evening of the

general election in November, L864, when the con-
tents of the building were destroyed by fire, leaving
the walls substantially uninjured. This was a severe
loss not only to the company, but to Belvidere. The
building was soon repaired, and machinery and fix-
tures placed in ii for the manufacture of shelf hard-
ware. This enterprise was s abandoned, when

cine business succeeded another until ii was converted
into a "wheel manufactory" in 1874, with Mr. War-
ner as proprietor, who still continues the bu iness.

THE Bl LVIDER1 S1ANU1 \< Tl kin.; COMPANY

was organized about 1870, and erected the brick build-
ing and Bhops on the wesl Bide of Prospect Street, be-
tween Front Street and the creek, known as the" Agri-
cultural Works," where the i panj manufactured

t Itnral implements for al t a year and a naif,

when this enterprise was also abandoned.

V. w:M i; - CARR1 IOE " M \ \ 1 I M TORY.

This industry originated near New Haven, Conn.,
and was patented in 1^)7. The patentee of the Bame

renin veil with his machinery i . , Belvidere, N. J., near



the 1 -t of June, 1^71. and with the assistance of one
or two workmen found himself in readiness by the
middle of Lugusl to construct carriage-wheels at Des-
hong's buildings, on Water Stri et.

This novel way of making carriage-wheels soon at-
tracted general attention, and from a few sets at i i r~ i
the demand increased to some hundreds of Bets pei
month, and employed ten or twelve men in putting the
several parts together after having been prepared for

immediate use.

During the summer of 1874 the factory was removed

to more I ay buildings near the centre of the town

to accommodate an increased and growing business.

The Warner patent wheel is the only one made with
spokes driven through mortised flanges of solid metal
into a wooden centre, or hub. There are now (March,
1881) at least seventeen carriage-wheel factories in
tin- Bast, beside some in the West and in < !anada, that
furnish the markets with these wheels and pay a roy-
alty on the same to Mr. Warner of tlii- place.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.

ABRAHAM DEPDE HAZEN.

The Hon. Abraham Depue Hazeu, third assistant
postmaster - general, belongs to the New Jersey
branch of the family of that name, which was of
English origin. Its genealogy in this country is
traced back two centuries and a half. Edward Hazen,

the immigrant i -tor. settled in Rowley, Conn.,

some time prior to 1649. In 1650 he married Han-
nah Grant, and by this marriage became the pro-
genitor of a lineage of singularly pure and upright
men, whose names are prominent in the early his-
tory of New England. Moses Hazen, of "Hazen'a
Own," who was a brigadier-general at the close of
the Revolution, and Gen. William 11. Hazen, chief
signal olliecr I'. S. army, who distinguished him-
self under Sherman in the war of the Rebellion, de-
scended from this Puritan stock. One branch of the

family intermarried with the ancestors of the late

Governor John A. Andrew, of Massachusetts, and
of i leorge Peabody, the philanthropist ; another with
the family of Governor Simon Bradstreet, and from
this line, through several generations, comes the sub-
ject "i' this biography.

i bis paternal grandfather, was horn and
spent hi- entire life near Newton, Sussex Co., N.J,

For a long ti he was an associate justh f the

Sussex ( lounty < ' t. I le had a numerous family of

children, some of whom -till reside mar the place of

their birth ; among these are his sons John V. and

Nathan, and his daughters Mr-. John Shaw, Mrs.

Shafer, and Mrs. Allied Cooke. David IV.

another son, and the father of Abraham I)., wa- born
at the old homestead on the 7th of April. 181 I. II-



548



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



served an apprenticeship at the tanning trade in
Newton with the late James R. Hull, hut, when still
a young man, removed to Mount Bethel township,
Northampton Co., Pa., to engage in business on his
own account, both as a tanner and farmer. In 1838
he married Susan Depue, daughter of Abraham
Depue, and an aunt of Hon. David A. Depue, justice
of the Supreme Court of New Jersey. Mrs. Hazen
survives her husband, who died in 1862, leaving a
family of seven sons and one daughter.

Abraham Depue Hazen, second son of David B.,
was born at Lower Mount Bethel, Pa., Feb. 24, 1841.
He received his early education at Belvidere, N. J.,
where Gen. E. L. Campbell was one of his teachers.
Afterwards he entered as a student at Lafayette Col-
lege, Easton, Pa., in the class of 1863, but left col-
lege in his junior year. Subsequently he removed to
Washington, and in 1866 was appointed a first-class
clerk in the Post-Office Department. Here he was
promoted regularly up through all the grades until
1870, when he was assigned as principal clerk in
charge of the stamp division. In conjunction with
his other duties, he was appointed by President Grant,
in 1872, a member of the civil service examining
board for the Post-Office Department. In 1874 the
office of chief of the division of stamps, stamped en-
velopes, with a handsome increase of salary, was
created for him by act of Congress, upon the urgent
recommendation of the Postmaster-General, in recog-
nition of his services in connection with the intro-
duction of the postal-card system and of official
stamps for the use of the several departments, ren-
dered necessary by the abolition of the franking priv-
ilege. It was during his tenure as chief of this di-
vision that the mode of collecting postage on news-
papers and periodicals mailed to subscribers was
changed by requiring prepayment in special adhesive
stamps. While the methods were much simplified,
the act creating the change greatly reduced the
charges; but this reduction was compensated for by
the advantages gained by a full and universal prepay-
ment, so that the Postmaster-General, speakiug of the
first year's results of the change, in his report for
1875, was enabled to say, " Under the old law there
was no check to insure collections at the office of
destination, and the consequence was that much mat-
ter went unpaid; and it is a satisfaction that under
the present equitable mode the universal collections
have made up for the reductions in the rates."

In the mean time he devoted his evenings to the
study of the law, and graduated from the Law Depart-
ment of Columbia University, in the class of 1877,
having been honored with the presidency of his class,
numbering about fifty members, and shortly after-
wards was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court
of the District of Columbia. At the commencement
exercises at Lafayette College, in June, 1877, the
trustees conferred upon him the honorary degree of
Master of Arts. In the same month, Gen. Barber



having resigned the office of third assistant postmas-
ter-general, Mr. Hazen was appointed by the Presi-
dent to succeed, him, upon the recommendation of
Postmaster-General Key, who had been quick to dis-
cern his executive ability, efficiency, and the purity
of his personal character. At the first executive ses-
sion of the Senate after his nomination had been sent
in, it was unanimously confirmed. The appointment
was universally commended by the press at the time
as one highly creditable to the administration, and as
a practical example of civil service reform.

By law the third assistant postmaster-general is
made the financial head of the Post-Office Depart-
ment. His office embraces the divisions of stamps,
stamped envelopes and postal cards, dead letters,
finance, and registration, and comprises nearly half
the clerical force of the department. He commenced
the duties of his office by applying the experience he
had gained in the department towards simplifying the
machinery of the postal service and by a rigorous
economy in the administration of its finances. One
of the first reforms he successfully accomplished was
by inducing Congress to repeal the law compensating
postmasters by commissions upon the sale of stamps,
and to substitute the plan of making their compensa-
tion depend on the value, of stamps canceled upon
matter actually mailed. The law was rapidly demor-
alizing the service by holding out a premium to dis-
honesty, and also depriving the government of its
just revenues. The new plan resulted, according to
the report of the Postmaster-General for 1879, in an
annual saving of over one million dollars. He also
originated the plan of collecting partially prepaid
postages at the office of destination by special stamps,
thus insuring the faithful return to the government of
all the revenues derived from this source. With their
introduction disappeared the last vestige of the old sys-
tem of collecting postages in money. Another impor-
tant feature of his administration was the thorough
revision of the registry system, by which its methods
were greatly simplified and improved and the labor
and expense of conducting it correspondingly reduced,
and the extension of the system to all classes of mail-
able matter, thus enabling the public to obtain for
samples of merchandise and other small articles ad-
mitted into the mails the security that was previously
afforded to letters only. The popular approval of
this reformation is sufficiently attested by an increase
in the receipts of thirty per cent, the first year of the
change. In his report for 1880 he published an able
and elaborate review of the progress of the postal ser-
vice for the preceding twenty years, in which the im-
provements made during that period have been traced
with great minuteness and detail. Its more essential
features have been summarized as follows:

"1. A heavy reduction of postage, both domestic and foreign, espe-
cially on printed mutter, and the extension of privilogos to the public.

"'Z. The introduction into the mails of small parcels of morchandiso
and miscellaneous articles at low rates of postage, largely augmenting
the volume of mail matter without correspondingly



town of rniLLii'Si;ri;<;.



549



postal revenues. To the Immediate advantages furnished t<. thi
by Uiih measure are to bi add d the indlrei I benefits arising ft
sequent redaction "I charges by other modes of conveyance, notably Ihe
exprefci companli i.

"3. The Introduction of the railway post*olBce, the u delivery, the

money-order, and the registry systems, — now ■ I I'illuraof

the JKJHtal -.1 Vire.

"4. Largely-increased ' certainty, celerlty,and security' In tl
and delivery of mall matter. Improved method of collecting and

lug fur Ihe postal revenue , and, In genera],a dmpllflcatl fall the

modes of conducting the public hiieiness.

"ft. A gradual reduction "i the appropriation! required f the

treusury to meet deOdencles in the postal revenues. Whllo the great

object bas I a rathei to promote the publli convenli

the pofltal revenues, there has novertl ti I on i teady gain of the re-

oaipts on ths oxpondll , the former bavin li I Olpei

i 142 i at. during tho last twenty yeara; and the deft-
• i' or > i squired from Ho- treasury i" sustain the service becanse >i Its In-
adequate revenues bas been redm ><\ from 42.7 i or i > - 1 . t in I860 t" 7 7 per
eeut. iii 1880, a comparatlvi iavin( il p ont,< I ..■
tbe expenditures of the lattor year.

"The bewldi expressions of popular approval with

wlii'ii they have been mel ; and the generous confidence reposed by the

public hould afford nol merely a - f proacnl gratification to the

postal authorities, but It will doubtlest furnish a itlmulua to fun
Braase the efficient j and • tend Lbo useful

This paper, although non-partisan, was published



as a campaign document ami extensively cin
by tin- National Republican Committee. It was also
copied ami commented upon by tin- pre— throughout
(lie entire country, lit- has attained his present high
position by merit alone, never having skipped a grade
or asked a promotion. This fact is the more worthy
of remark, as such places an- usually bestowed only
■a- a reward for political services, lie is much liked
ami respected by his subordinates, and liis kindness
of heart and uniform courtesy endear him to all with
whom he comes iii contact. He is hardly yet in the
prime of life, being in the full possession of mental
ami bodily vigor, ami, from tin- lighl of the past, his
ruture promises a long life and higher usefulness.

In his private life Mr. Hazen is much respected
for the simplicity and puritf f hi. hal u In benev-
olence ami uprightness. His charities are numerous,

and his kindness of heart has won lor him a large
Circle of friends. It IB sari that he daih -l its ],,.,
mother on leaving his office before going to hi- home,

and his evenings are devoted to reading and stu.ly
with his family.



TOWN of phillipsburg:



I.— GEOGRAPHICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE.

The in 'porated town of Phillipsburg lies upon

the Delaware River, directly across the river from ihe
town of Easton, and occupies a picturesquely romantic
situation. Although known as Phillipsburg as long
ago as 17.">:;, it di<! not until nearly a hundred years
later assume a form of greater pretensions than that
of a straggling village. The presence of the flourish-
ing town of Easton on the opposite bank of the stream

operated a- a check to the necessity for a second town
as near as Phillipsburg. The firel step forward was

made when the completion of the Morris Canal, in
1882, made Phillipsburg i of the termini of that

water-way. A more vigorous push was given in L848,
when the Trenton Iron Company established a fur-
nace here, and then, the tide having set in, other man-
ufacturing industries reared their well fronts, and

in L852 the New Jersey Central Railway, opening to
Phillipsburg, saw the town safely upon what prom-
ised to be a journey towards the prosperity so long
Referred. In 1854 the Belvidere Delaware Railroad

was , ipleted to ihi- point, manufacturing bi

enlarge, ami Phillipsburg grew rapidly. To-daj il
is an important manufacturing and railway ■ ■

The railways touching here are ihe N, n .1



H\ David



tral, Belvidere Delaware, Lehigh Valley, .Morris and
Essex, and Easton and Ainboy. The manufacture of

iron i- extensive, ami gives employment to not far

from a thousand persons. Across the Delaware at

this point communication is maintained by mean- of
a toll-bridge ami a double railway bridge. 'Ihe pa—
depot of the Belvidere Delaware Railway
i now under lease to the Pennsylvania Railroad Com-
pany) is a i tmodious brick structure, and cost with

the freight depot about $14,000. The latter edifice
measures 200 feet in length by 80 in width. The

town is lighted with gas and supplied with water fur-
nished by the Easton water-works. The hi
portion of Phillipsburg i- confined chiefly to Main
which reaches between northwest and south-
east for a distance of about one mile and a half, and

upon il- route are loeatcd many business place- and

all the manufactories. Back from the river the land

rises into an abrupt elevation, and along it- summit,

whence a magnificent view of hind-cap,' mav I I,-

tained, lie- a pretty thickly populated portion of the

town.

Phillipsburg is famed for it- excellent schools and
ample ami haml-oine architectural act inodations

for them. Churches arc numerous ami prosperous.

The town is divided into four wards, in which the
po], ulation at the ceUSUB of .Inly. 1881, wa- a- fol-



550



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



lows: First Ward, 1753; Second Ward, 1845; Third
Ward, 2217; Fourth Ward, 1361; total, 7176.

As an evidence of Phillipsburg' s rapid growth it
may be noted that in I860 the population was but
1500, while in 1870 it had risen to 5950.

II— EARLY SETTLEMENT.
Mathew S. Henry, in an interesting work* called
u The History of the Lehigh Valley," thus alludes to
the tract now known as the town of Phillipsburg:

"The present site of Phillipsburg, according to a mnp made by Yonder
Dunk, a Dutch engineer, in 1654, was at that time called Chinte\vink,and
was an Indian settlement. The ' Flats' or ' Old Fields, 1 so called by Mr.
Parsons in his draft of Eastern in 1755 (now Howell's farm), just above
the Delaware bridge, were the Indian corn-fields. Traditiun says that
Chintewink was the favorite fishing-ground of the Indians, and the fact
that it was an Indian settlement is attested by the great number of
finished and unfinished flint-arrows, spears, tomahawks, axes, and com-
pounders that have been found here.

"The origin of the name of Phillipsburg is not well known, the im-
pression being that it was named after a large landholder by the name
of Phillips, Mho resided here at an early day; but the mure plausible
supposition is that it was derived from the Indian chief Philip, who re-
sided here. This Indian chief was an intimate friend of the great chief
Tcedyuscung. The name of Phillipsburg was found on the map of the
* inhabited parts of Pennsylvania and New Jersey,' published by Evans
in 1749, which was before the time of Mr. Phillips' residence here. This
Indian chief Philip, with fourteen other Indians, was arrested by the
Jersey people in December, 1755, and brought to Easton (it being the
nearest place containing a jail) and committed to prison, — not for any
crime they had committed, but because so great was the panic created
by the massacre at Guadenhiitten on November 24th of that year that all
Indians.livingamong the whites were suspected. At the treat)' held at
Easton, commencing July, 1756, the chief Teedyuscung in several of his
speeches greatly interested himself m their behalf. The event occasioned
a correspondence between Governor Denny, of Pennsylvania, and Gov-
ernor Belcher, of New Jersey. Governor Denny, in writing to Governor
Belcher, said, 'You will please to observe that in the course of the con-
ference the chief Teedyuscung' has warmly solicited me to use my good
offices with you that the Indians now living in your province have
liberty, if they please, to go and visit their relatives and friends in the
Indian country. The chief thinks when the Indians come to see one
another, and learn how friendly those in yutir province have been treated,
it will dispose them to peace. He particularly desires this favor for one
of your Indians, called Philip, who it appears is an old man and had at
first been put in prison but was released, and now lives along with the
other Indians.'

" We also find that the Executive Council of New Jersey at Elizabelh-
towu, March 31, 1757, advised Ills Excellency the Governor to permit the
Indian chief Philip to pass to Philadelphia.

"Phillipsburg was evidently settled by the white peoplebefore Easton,
inasmuch as Easton was nut laid out until some time after the different
maps were published giving the name of Phillipsburg. About the time
Easton was laid out, the laud upon which Phillipsburg was built was
owned by the heirs of David Martin, a ferryman, and a Mr. Coxe, a mer-
chant of Philadelphia, Mr. Coxe owning the principal part, — about four
hundred and eleven acres, among which were the' Old Fields,' — on which,
on account of their beautiful location and the advantages they appeared
to have for the purposes of a town over the land on the opposite side of
the river, he contemplated iu 1752 to lay out a town. This intention of
Mr. Coxe appeared to greatly alarm the proprietors of Pennsylvania,
who wore afraid that it would injure the infant town of Easton. In a
letter from Thomas Penii, dated March 0,1752, to Richard Peters, he
said, ' I think we should secure all the lands we can on the Jersey sido
of the water,' the intention being evidently to get this land in their pos-
session, and thus prevent any settlement there.

"Mr. Coxe finally abandoned his project of laying out a town on the
Jersey aide. Easton, being in the mean time made the seat of justice for
the new county of Northampton, and having a jail in which to confine
all lawless characters, .soon acquired a position tltat proved prejudicial to
id.- welfare of Phillipsburg.

" Tin: first church in this section of the country, and perhaps of all



* Published iu 1860.



northwest New Jersey, was located at Phillipsburg, and was built of
logs. A part of the burial-ground attached to that church is inclosed in
the garden of John S. Bach, Esq., and the rude gravestones there still
mark the lost resting-places of the fathers of Phillipsburg. Mrs. Eliza-
beth Stryker, whose grandfather worshiped in that old church, has in
her possession the plate and sacramental cupf used by the congregation
at that time, and a large Irish linen cloth which covered the sacramental
emblems. The cup is made of material similar to bell-metal, and on it
is rudely engraved the following: 1761. C. A. M. I. P. B. The meaning
of the legend no one has yet been able to decipher. No doubt in this
old church Brainerd, ' the apostle to the Indians' at the 'Forks of the
Delaware,' occasionally preached, and is the Greenwich alluded toiu his
diary.

"Phillipsburg has, too, its strange traditions. One is that Spanish
coin was buried by pirates, iu the days of buccaneers, in Mount Parnas-
sus (Reese's Bock); and the other that an Indian was induced to leap
from the top of ' Indian Bock' for a bottle of rum. Needless to say that
leap was his last."

In 1752, William Coxe, above alluded to, died, and



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 138 of 190)