James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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success the company shut down the mills.

American Sheet-Iron Company. — In 1869, John O.

Wagner, John Evans, and Wilhelm, all of Easton,

organized the American Sheet-Mill Company, and in-
vested $140,000 in the erection of extensive works in
Phillipsburg. William K. McClees & Co. succeeded
the company as proprietors, and in November, 1880,
organized the American Sheet-Iron Company. The
manufacture is exclusively sheet-iron, of which the
production reaches 40 tons weekly. From 75 to 80
men are employed and upwards of $4000 disbursed
monthly in wages. The company's office is located in
New York. William K. McClees is President ; George
Danby, Secretary and Treasurer; and William E. Rees,

Tibbett & Wood's Boiler- Works.— In 1865, Jacob
Tibbett started a boiler repair-shop with a half-
dozen hands. In 1872 he was succeeded by Tibbett
& Wood, who enlarged the works and began the man-
ufacture of boilers. They now employ from 65 to 70
hands, and consume annually 1200 tons of plate-iron
in the manufacture of steam-boilers. Their shops
cover grourfd 220 feet in length by 200 in width.

Phillipsburg Stove- Works. — Lake, Bierder & Co.
started a stove-foundry at Phillipsburg in 1866, and
in 1869 transferred their interests to the Phillipsburg
Iron-Works, organized that year with a capital -of
$50,000. Forty men are employed in the manufac-
ture of cooking-, heating-, and parlor-stoves. John
Eyerman is President and Treasurer; E. L. Smith,
Secretary; and H. E. Harmony, Superintendent.

Lizzie Manufacturing Company. — This is the name
of an enterprise conducted by M. T. Warne, in the
building formerly occupied by John Tindall & Co.'s
distillery. Mr. Warne has for a few months been en-
gaged in the manufacture of mineral pulp, white
clays, etc., from a rock known as talc, found in con-
siderable quantities in a quarry near Phillipsburg.
Mr. Warne was the first to discover the exact nature
of the quarry deposit, and lost no time in utilizing his
discovery by the inauguration of the enterprise in
which he is now engaged, — likely to prove a highly
profitable one. From 25 to 30 hands are employed at
his works.



William H. Leigh was born in Hunterdon Co.,

N. J., on Oct. 3, 1841. His father, Gideon Leigh,

resided many years at Annandale, in that county,

where he was a successful and prosperous farmer.

He died at Bloomsbury, N. J., Nov. 27, 1876. His
mother was Susanna Lawall, a lady of rare excel-
lence and possessed of many attractive qualities.
She died Aug. 27, 1846.

Upon the death of his mother, his father having
married again, Mr. Leigh passed to the care of his
grandfather, Peter Lawall, of Butztown, Pa., where
he remained throughout the years of his childhood
and early manhood, working on the farm, attending
the district school, and inculcating those habits of
industry, economy, and thrift which proved the basis
of his future success.

Several years prior to his marriage, in 1865, Mr.
Leigh removed to Trenton, N. J., where with small
capital, but with a determination to succeed in life,
he engaged in the photographic business for a short
time. He subsequently removed to Easton, Pa.,
where he carried on the same business for a time,
but finally passed to the drug business. Subse-
quently, on Aug. 8, 1868, he established a drug-
store at Phillipsburg, N. J., where he continued in
successful business until his demise, on Aug. 17,
1879, of typhoid fever, while yet in the prime of life
and with the full prospect of a prosperous business
career before him.

From the time of his location at Phillipsburg, Mr.
Leigh was actively identified with the business growth
and development of the place, and by a life of integ-
rity and correct business and personal habits, he won
the respect and esteem of all who knew him. Modest
in demeanor, unassuming and unpretentious in man-
ner, he was a man of and with the people. He gave
liberally of his means to all worthy purposes, and
sympathized with all movements tending to elevate
the community in which he dwelt. In religious
affairs he was first identified with the Reformed de-
nomination, but subsequently united with the First
Presbyterian Church of Phillipsburg, of which he
was a member at the time of his death. Politically,
he was a Democrat, and was a member of the Phil-
lipsburg Common Council when he was called away.
Some idea of the position he held in the community
and among his fellows can be derived from the peru-
sal of the following :


"In view of the intimate and business relation of William H. Leigh
with the Council, ami to suitably record our esteem for the deceased, we
snbniit tho following:

" Resolved, That by the deceaso of William II. Leigh, this Council has
sustained a loss of no ordinary character, while the town lias lost a good
officer and exemplary citizen, who by his mild and gentlemanly de-
meanor endeared himself to all who had the honor of his acquaintance.

" Resolved, That the sympathy and condolence of this Ilouorablo Body
is extended to the family of our deceased fellow-councilman in their hour
of sorrow for the loss of their beloved husband and father.

"Resolved, That a memorial page in tho journal of tho proceedings of
this Council bo inscribed to the memory of the deceased, and a copy of
these Resolutions be transmitted to tho bereaved family."

Mr. Leigh was essentially a home man, and the
warmest associations of his life were those which




clustered around his own fireside. On Oct. i_. 1865,
he was united in marriage to Mary A.., daughter of

and Mar} i Hower | Kidd, of Senec i Co
>'. Y., who, with her little daughter Marj Emma,
now mourn the loss of a loving husband and parent
in the beautiful home thai has been made desolate
by his departure. A little son, Prank K., died in


The progenitor of the family of whom the Bubjecl
Of this sketch is grandson was Harmon Shnyder,
who was horn in German] and settled here sometime
prior to the Revolutionary war. Very little is known
ol him. except that he reared a family of nine < ■ 1 1 i ! -
dren, of whom Peter was eldest, and father of Daniel
II. Peter Shnyder's wife was Elizabeth Hester, and
his children are Daniel H., Stephen, Anna M., Sophia
C, Caroline, and Sabina S., all living. Daniel II.
Bhnyder was horn in Da-ton. Pa., March 12, 1811.
Until he was twenty-eighl years of age he remained

al home, and passing hi- boyl I worked with his

father at the tanning business, which had been estab-
lished there by his grandfathi r, and carried on by his

Taller lor many year-. In 1839 he established him-

Belf in the same business at Martin's Creek, in part-
nership with Benjamin Arnold, where he continued
business until 1857, when he returned to Easton, and
in 1 358 1 stablished himself in the tanning business

in Monroe ( 'omit \ . hack of the UlllC Mountains, where

he remained until aboul 1878, when he retired from
the active duties of life. Mr. Shnyder is an enter-
prising and thrifty business man, and wherever he
has done business he has been known as a man of
Btrong force of character, correct habits, and sterling
Although he started business under dis-
couraging eire stances, and during his firsl year

lo-i a considerable amount, his business career has
been n success, and he has secured a fair competency.

He has been interested in all local matters where
he has resided demanding his attention.

He was a director and stockholder in the old Easton
Bank for man) j ear-, and is a member and Bupporter

pf the Reformed CI :h of Easton, His political

Affiliations are with the Republican party, yet he has
never sought honor ami place in it- rank- as an office-
holdi i . preferring the independence and quiet of a
business life.

In ls:;.s he married Mary, daughter of William and
Lucy Berlin, of Easton, of which union have been
horn -even children, of whom Edward, Peter, and

Arthur are li\ inc.

Mr. Hagerty obtained a good practical education
during hi- minority and remained most of the time at
home. At the age of eighteen he engaged wit

o ham the wheelwright trade, and rc-


Peter II. Hagcrtj was born in Sussex Co., N. J.,
Nov. 8, 1889. He is a son of Ira and Inn Winters)
Hagerty, who are l»>iii natives of New Jersey, the
former being of Irish ami the latter of English di


mained with that gentleman for three j ears, following
which time he carried on that business for himself for

- lime. In 1864 he enlisted in the United States

navy, and served in the Union cause lor one year, at
the end of that period he wa- honorably discharged,
having served the time for which he enlisted. Re-
turning home, he wa- engaged for about two years
with the Lehigh and Morris Canal Company freight-
ing with his own boat. In |si;; he quit the trans-
portation business, and has since been engaged as a
contractor and builder and in the undertaking busi-
ness. The latter interest he began in 1871. Mr.
Hagerty i- an enterprising and thoroughly business

man. and whatever he undertakes he make- success-
ful by his encrgj and judicious management.

In is;; he was elected mayor of Phillipsburg on
the Democratic ticket, and during his incumbency of
that office the measures of reform in the finances pro-
pagated by him received the sanction of not only his
constituents, but of the best citizens of the place, ir-

re-| tive of party affiliations. In 1880 he was elected

a justice of the peace for \\\ e year-.

In I si,::. June 25th, Mr. Hagerty married Miss
Sarah, daughter of Sidnej Hagerty, of Sussex Co.,
V J., of which union have been horn three sons and
one daughter, all of whom arc living.

Both he and his « ife are members of the Methodist
Episcopal Church at Phillipsburg, and supporters of
kindred interests.



Washington Borough is admirably situated for
becoming a flourishing centre of trade and popula-
tion. In natural advantages it is unsurpassed by any
town in Northern New Jersey. With its divergent
railroads and canal, with ample resources of quarry,
forest, and field, and lying in one of the finest valleys
of the State, the Pohatcong, and immediately con-
tiguous to two others, the Musconetcong and the Pe-
quest, beautiful, fertile, and extensive, Washington
is favored beyond most inland towns as a centre for
residence, manufacture, or trade.

The borough is situated very nearly in the centre
of the township of the same name. It is located about
60 miles, in an air-line, due west of New York City,
and about the same distance nearly north from the
city of Philadelphia.

A branch of the Pohatcong Creek crosses the town
from east to west, a little south of its centre, to the
southward of Washington Avenue, passing Railroad
Avenue by a culvert near Wandling's lumber-yard.
Upon the south line of the borough is the Pohatcong
Mountain. Although surrounded by hills, the greater
part of the town is comparatively level, particularly
its more compactly built portions.


It is said that Col. William McCullough was the
founder of the village of Washington and of the vil-
lage of Asbury. He was born in 1759, and was a man
far ahead of his times. He was a friend and pro-
moter of internal improvements, a member of the
Legislative Council for many years, and for more
than thirty years a judge of the Court of Common
Pleas of Sussex and Warren Counties. He joined
the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1786, and contin-
ued a useful member until his death, which occurred
Feb. 9, 1840, at the age of over eighty-one years. He
was buried in the Asbury burial-ground. His daugh-
ter married William Van Antwerp, both deceased.
He had a son who lived formerly at Broadway, this
county, but he removed, it is said, to the West. The
colonel owned large tracts of land in Washington,
extending north from the Musconetcong, and cover-
ing what is now Port Colden and Washington borough,
and much of the south part of the township.

Probably as early settlers as any within the borough
limits were the Laceys. Garret Lacey, a son of the

pioneer settler, was for a considerable time a justice
of the peace, and a very influential man in the settle-
ment. He lived at what is now the corner of Wash-
ington and Prospect Avenues. None of his descend-
ants now reside here ; he had but one son, and he
went West.

Jacob Van Horn was an old settler, and an early
justice. The house in which he lived and died (and
perhaps was born) is still standing, on the Dufford

" Major" Henry Hankinson was an early lawyer
and one of the first settlers. He was a son-in-law of
Col. McCullough. He had two daughters, one of
whom (Katurah) became the wife of Dr. John Sloan ;
she died in 1853, and was buried at Eastern, Pa. None
of his family now reside here. Mr. Hankinson owned
a farm which covered most of the western portion of
the borough north of Washington Avenue, and re-
sided in the house now occupied by Dr. Cook. The
major sold to Gershom Rusling about 1830 ; Henry
Winters subsequently became the owner, and, about
1857, A. B. Stewart purchased it, divided it up into
village lots and sold to various persons.

Another early settler is recollected by some of our
oldest residents, — old man Van Natta, nicknamed
"Granddad," by which appellation he was generally
known. He and his wife were " good old souls," fond
of company and good cheer. They lived in a log
house then standing near where Francis K. Horn-
baker now resides, but long since removed.

George Creveling and his wife, Eleanor Van Horn,
settled about the year 1812 on a tract of one hundred
or more acres, which he obtained from his father,
Jacob, who had purchased it of Coonrad Davis a short
time previous. It was located in what is now the west
part of the town of Washington, on the south side of
Washington Avenue. It -is now known as the prop-
erty of Michael Meagher. George. Creveling was of
German, his wife of Holland, descent. They were from
Bloomsbury, Greenwich township, then in Sussex
County, where Jacob lived and died; there, too,
Jacob V., his grandson, was born, in 1809, removing,
however, when' about three years old, with his parents
to this place.

John G. Robbins was an early resident in Washing-
toil. He had a saddlery-shop, a shoemaker-shop, and
the post-office all in the same building, and in one
room. The house is still standing on the north side
of Washington Avenue, and owned by Elisha Burd.

Washington i:oi;<>n;n


.Mr. Bobbins was one of the early postmasters, which
duty took 30 little of his time that he had ample
chance to engage in hi- trade, harness-making, and to
manage the shoe-shop, of which he was also proprie-
tor. Not being a shoemaker, he employed a knight
of St. Crispin, who pegged away until the Uul upon
of the dozen or so settlers of the neighborhood.
Jonathan G., a son of John G., now resides in the

Coonrml Davis owned land here I"- 3old one piece
to Jacob Creveling), but did no! reside in the town.
Hi lived near Andersontow o, in Mansfield. His son,

also earned C irad, lived in Washington, and wasa

cabinet-maker by trade, one of the first in the town,
and the onlj one within ten miles.

The earliest practicing physician in the recollec-
tions nf il ldesl citizens was Dr. Hugh Hughes,

who came from Hughesville, in 1816, where his father,
John B., also a physician, lived. Alter si\ years'
residence he removed to BloomBbury, where hi
April l'l', L856. He was buried in the Greenwich
churchyard. Dr. Hughes was born March 17. IT'.M.
Mi' never married.

The Brat tavern, possiblj oi f the oldest in this

place, was the old brick hotel, said t<> have been built
by Col. McCullough, and kept byCapt. Henry. Later
"mine hosts" were .Inliii Beavers and [mla Drake,
The latter died in I s7">.

Pi ti i T. B. Van Doren was engaged in the lumber
business in Washington as early as 1833, and I
P. Watts, in L843, established a tin-shop.

The Rusling family was early represented in Wash-

i by Gerehom Rusling, a son of Ja - Rusling,

.,i Mansfield. Gers] i wasa merchant in Washing-
ton for a long time, and was largel] identified with
its early history. He died in February, 1881, al
rrenton, His brothers, Joseph and Sedgwick, both
ministers, are deo ased, as i- also Judge Robert, who
wasa prominent man in Warren County. His young-
est brother, and the only one now living, resides in
Bel. idere.

In the carls part of this century a g Ily part <>)'

tin' lands which non constitute the borough "I Wash-
ington were barrens, and not onlj uncultivated, but
esteemed to be "t little worth. To-day they are as
valuable a> any land in Warren County. J. V.
v. Inn Jic was young be plowed

-"ii f these barrens, near the Morris i lanal, for the

first time theirst

of \\ ushington T.>\\ uship for in-
ti resting items on early settlement, etc.
I !> borough of Washington was incorporated in
I 968, by an act ol ture approved

tary 20th of thai year. Section 1 of this ai
fining it- boundaries, is as follows:

' i. it „ll ih., i i: i ■., uiiin the

Umita and booi i inaftor montJ

■ay, beginning at U ntre of the bridge crossing tlie Morris Canal

n, -at ,I..-,|.|, Klnneymnn's, and rana fi- -in thence math Ibrtj
ike and stone* nee
teren and one quarter degrees ea*t
ninety chains, to a heap ofstoues,and runs from thence north slxty-

., -ink,', rrom thence north twenty-two degrees weet fifty-nine

,u liilt-. and runs from thence north eighty-
nlne degrees west nlnety-aeren chalna and filty links, to the place of be-
ginning— shall be, and the aune is hereby, ordained, constituted,
clarod t,» be s town corporate, and henceforth thall be rallod, k m

lied il- tliu ltoruiigl, of Washington, In tl inly of Warren

The firal town-meeting was held "on the second
Monday of April, 1868, at Samuel Welle^s hotel."
In 1868 the basement of '■. A. Thatcher's building
was fitted up as a jail.

Since the establishment of the borough govi rnment
there have been a number of urclinanivs ii;i>s<.-d by tin-
t 'minium < louncil, relating principally to streets, side-
walks, highways, shade and ornamental tro
and taverns, and dealers in spirituous and malt

The following is a list of the


from April, 1868, to April, 1880, inclusive:!

1868.— Mayor, Joseph Vllet; Conncllmen,Nat] DIlts,J. D.Taylor, Peter

in Doren, Joseph K.Lynn, Ira O.Vougli, John OanBeld;
Clcik, P. It. Winter; Assessor, Joseph A. Shrop, ,
J ihn M. Wycki '.. Shrope :

Commissioners of Appeal In Ca f Taxation, B. B. Huh liin,-,

l[. \v. Johnston, Nathan Davis; Orereeei
instable, William Curler.
tlayor, Joseph Vllet; Connclinien, P. it. I lam,. William Sweeny,
[ra C. Tough, Joseph E. Lynn, J. D. Taylor, Petoi I B Van
hi a; Clerk, P. B. Winter; Assessor, A. Jei
Wllllum tlilloi Street I u ssluner, Nathan Davis; Commis-
sioners of Appeal in Case ..i Taxation VI

B. B. Hutchlngs; Oven* ui ol Poor, Lnml

nrllmen, Thomas Byrne, F. X. Horn-
baker, Joseph B. Lynn, A. B. Stowart, Joseph C.Stewart, Peter
i; Clerk, P. IS. Winter; Art I

I ir, Vi illi. mi Mill, i ; Street Commissioner, Nathan l.iii y ;
i immli I I m, M. is. Brant, 11.

W. Johnston, William C. Van Doi Poor, Lani-

lable, William Ulller.

... A. It. Stowart,
J.C.St' i run, Joseph is. Petty, Peter T. It. Van
table, William 111
■ Hector, William Miller.
• ■ cllmen, William G Dnflbrd, Na-

than Dill

rk, Daniel Vliet;
Philip Johnston -

I K. Haul',
'. Her, II. W. Johnston ; ' lolloctoi . *
. i, ill. ii Brewer.

. ■ or, J. C. Stewart ; Conni U u 1 nn Dilts,


Clerk, P. R. Vi r; Assessor, Philip Johnston; C table,

Oilberl Browei . Ot

• ik.T.


P, is. Wintei ; Assessor, Philip I



1S75.— Mayor, James H. Gruff; Councilman, II. W. Allegar, E. W.
Burns, Nathan Dilts, Thos. Henry, 0. S. Roberts, It. B. Con-
niue; Clerk, Jos. A. Shrope; Assessor, Philip Johustou; Street
Commissioner, Abm. Bescherer; Collector, J. V. Creveling ; Con-
stable, Jos. C. Thompson ; Overseer of Poor, E. H. Sigler.

1876.— Mayor, Nathan Dilts; Councilmen, A. Babcock, Win. E. Cummins,
W. G. Dufford, Thos. Henry, 0. S. Roberts, Henry Winter ; Clerk,
A. H. Vough; Constable, Jos C. Thompson,; Assessor, J. E.
Fulper; Collector, J. V. Creveling; Street Commissioner, Abm.
Bescherer ; Overseer of Poor, E. II. Sigler.

1877.— Mayor, Nathan Dilts; Councilmen, 11. \V. Allegar, A. Babcock,

Wm. E. Cummins, G. 0. Gerard, G. A. Thatohe
Clerk, A. R. Strader; Assessor, J. V. Creveling
Hombaker; Constable, Jos. C. Thompson.

1878.— Mayor, Nathan Dilts; Councilmen, II. S.Groff. M
liam Milroy, Wm. C.Thompsou, C. S. Van Lie
Clerk, A. R. Strader; Assessor, .1. V. Cieveliujj
Hornbaker; Constable, Jos. C. Thompson.

1879.— Mayor, Daniel F. Beatty; Councilmen,.!. V. Carter.J. I. Jol
Jas. H. Sullivan, Edward Plotts, K. M. Uehlein, Morris Lu

Henry Winter;

Collector, John

; Cullo

Clerk, J. C. Weller; Assffi
Hornbaker ; Constable, Ji
18S0.— Mayor, Daniel F.Bealty; Co
A. P. Haun, J. I. Johnstoi
Clerk, J. C. Weller ; Asse.
Hornbaker; Constable, J
Slryker; Street
Abm. Bescherer ; Commiss
C. Van Doreu, P. B. Welle

>r, J. V. Creveliu
C. Thompsoi


Collector, John
John M.

•ihnen, H. W. Allegar, J. V. Carter,
is. 11. Sullivan, Win. C. Thompson;
, J. V. Creveling; Collector, John
C. Thompson; Attorney, Wm. A.
', J. G. Kubbins ; Overseer of Poor,
bis ul Appeal, M. K. Kaub, Wm.


1868-69, Charles S. Strader; 1870, John V. Mattisou; 1871-73, James H.
Graff; 1874-77, Charles S. Strader; 1S7S-80, Cbas. McCrackeu.

The finances of the borough have been, from the
start, well and economically managed. In 1869 the
collector's account showed a footing of $15,541.72.
Balance in hands of treasurer and collector on dupli-
cates, less amount of bills allowed and unpaid, was
$1545.88, and in hands of collector for school pur-
poses, $651.55, making a total balance due the bor-
ough of $2197.43.


The " Mansfield-Woodhouse" church is said to have
been erected between the years 1739 and 1744. The
Rev. Dr. Junkin says, " It may have been built a
little earlier or later, but there could not have been
much difference between the two erections," — referring
to this and the Greenwich church. The earliest
record that has been found of this church bears date
of 1739. It reads —

"There came before the Presbytery a supplication for supplies of
preaching in Mr. Barbel's neighborhood, near Musconnekunk."

The record further states that Revs. Robert Cross
and James McCrea were directed to supply certain
Sabbaths at Lamingtunk (Lamington) and Mr. Bar-
ber's. This Mr. Barber was probably the ancestor of
Jesse Barber, father of Phineas, formerly an elder in
the Mansfield-Woodhouse Church. Both Cross and
McCrea were natives of Ireland; the latter was the
father of Jane McCrea, who was murdered by the In-
dians at Fort Edward, N. Y. McCrea preached here
as early as 1739, and as late as 1755-56. He was the

founder of the Lamington Church, in Hunterdon

The name of the church of " Mr. Barber's neigh-
borhood, near ' Musconnekunk," was subsequently
changed to "Mansfield-Woodhouse," from the town-
ship in which it was located. May 18, 1822, it assumed
the title of the " Mansfield Presbyterian Church."

John Rosbrugh, " the clerical martyr of the Revo-
lution," was the first settled pastor of this church, in
connection with the Greenwich and Oxford Churches.
In fact, he was the first settled minister of the Pres-
byterian order north of the Musconetcong River,
within the bounds of what is now Warren County.
It was at Mansfield-Woodhouse that he made his
home. He was born in 1714, in the north of Ireland ;
married, came to America, and later settled in New
Jersey ; was graduated at Princeton in 1761, and or-
dained in the year 1764, in old Greenwich church, as
pastor of that, the Mansfield- Woodhouse, and the Ox-
ford Churches.f

From his charge to Presbytery dated April 19, 1768
(as records of Presbytery show), we learn that Mans-
field-Woodhouse, " through the removal of sundry of
the members out of the congregation, and by other

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 142 of 190)